Getting rid of Kufr and hypocrisy

Question: When I was in secondary school, I strongly adhered to the true religious behavior. However, I feel now after joining university that my faith decreases. I seek your advice concerning this matter. May I ask you to send me a tape tackling `Aqeedah (creed) and the issues of Kufr (disbelief) and hypocrisy in particular?

Answer:  You should recite, ponder, and act upon the Aayaat of Qur’aan and Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Additionally, you should refer to the statements of the reliable people of knowledge in `Aqeedah and Fiqh (jurisprudence) and do more good deeds… read more here.

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The way to increase faith

Question: It is admittedly true that faith increases and decreases. However, I suffer from weakness of faith and harshness of the heart. How can I strengthen my faith and soften my heart, and submit my limbs humbly to Allaah amidst the world’s temptations? Dear Shaykh! Kindly elaborate on this matter. May Allaah reward you!

Answer:  Faith indeed increases if a person obeys Allaah and decreases if they disobey Him. So, you should be keen to preserve offering the obligatory prayers in congregation, pay Zakaah willingly as a means to expiate sins, be merciful to the poor and the needy. You should keep company of pious and righteous people who may prove helpful to you in applying the rulings of Sharee`ah and guide you to attain happiness in life and in the Hereafter… read more here.

Advice that supports faith and knowledge

Question: First: In light of the proverb, “Wisdom is taught through men’s eloquence”, I ask you to advise me how to strengthen my faith.

Second: I want to acquire knowledge of religion but as this kind of knowledge is not well cared for in Algeria; only a few Muslim brothers are keen on acquiring it. May Allah reward them.

Third: I am working as a builder. The people working with me are not good Muslims. They talk about silly and obscene subjects.

Fourth: I have a friend whose faith is weak. He usually speaks ill of our pious brothers. I feel uncomfortable because of him. I need your advice in this regard.

Answer:  First, we advise you to recite and listen to the Qur’aan regularly attempting to contemplate its meanings as much as you can. If you find difficulty in understanding any Qur’aanic Aayah (verse), you may refer to scholars in your country or you may ask the scholars of Sunnah… read more here.

The best book that deals with Tawheed and the Islaamic creed

Question: What is the best book on Tawheed (Monotheism) and Islaamic creed and how can I get it?

Answer: The greatest books that clarify the true Islaamic creed are the Qur’aan and the books of Hadeeth. Other books dealing with this issue are Fath Al-Majeed, Al-`Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah, Al-`Uluww Lil `Alee Al-Ghaffaar, Al-Tawassul Wa Al-Waseelah, Mukhtasar Al-Sawa`iq Al-Mursalah, Tat-heer Al-I`tiqaad, and Sharh Al-Tahaawiyyah… read more here.

The `Aqeedah required from the Muslim

Question: What are the fundamental `Aqeedah (articles of faith) a Muslim is required to believe in?

Answer: The fundamental `Aqeedah include believing in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and believing in Predestination; either good or bad in the same manner clarified in the Qur’aan and Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Is Eemaan a saying and action or only a saying devoid of action?

Question: Discussing the issue of Al-`Uloohiyyah (Allaah’s Exclusive Right to be worshipped) and the implications of Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah), we come upon many books written by some A’immah of Salaf (righteous predecessors) on the issue including Fath Al-Majid Sharh Kitaab Al-Tawheed and Majmu`at Al-Tawheed by Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab and Shaykh Al-Islaam Ahmad ibn `Abdul-Haleem ibn Taymiyyah respectively, as well as the book entitled “Ma`rij Al-Qabool fee Sharh Sullam Al-Wusool” by Shaykh Haafith Hakamee, etc. First: The author of Fath Al-Majeed cited the statement of Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab (may Allaah be merciful to him) concerning the meaning of “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah.” He states that it does not suffice to only utter Shahaadah, rather the person should have knowledge about it. Along with the utterance, they must have knowledge about and act upon it. Moreover, they must disbelieve in whatever is worshipped beside Allaah. This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Muslim (may Allaah be merciful to him) “Whoever professes that there is no god but Allaah and denies everything worshipped other than Allaah, their property and blood became inviolable…” Related by Muslim. 

Meanwhile, the author of the book entitled “Wulatun la Qudah” focuses on the concept of uttering Shahadah neglecting what has been mentioned by Shaykh al-Islaam and others (may Allaah be merciful to them).

Similarly, whoever studies the statements of the Salaf on Eemaan (faith) that it should be in both words and deeds, becomes confused when reading the claims of the contemporary scholars that Eemaan is a mere declaration not deeds.

Also, the person feels confused when reading the statements of the Salaf concerning the three articles of faith. They state that Eemaan should be declared by the tongue, practiced by the limbs, and believed by the heart. Having known what we mentioned above, please enlighten us regarding the correct view.

Answer: The sound view is the statement of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). Eemaan must be uttered by the tongue, practiced by the limbs, and believed by the heart… read more here.

The required `Aqeedah that makes one a Muslim

Question: What are the articles of faith a Muslim needs to know to be a true Muslim?

Answer: As intellectual faculties, leisure times, life engagements, facilities and difficulties of learning vary from one person to another; some Muslims are obliged to do what others are not obliged to do… read more here.

Ways of denouncing Bid`ah (innovation in religion)

Question: Some people prefer to avoid discussing subjects related to Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) or acts of Sunnah. According to them, discussing these matters may lead parties to fall into troubles that may further develop into clashes with the audience who are ignorant of the Prophet’s Sunnah. Consequently, Fitnah (hostile divisions) arises due to people’s rejection of the acts of Sunnah which contradict their desires.

Is it true that a person who purifies Aqeedah (Islaamic creed) from Bid'ahs is a troublemaker? Or is this nickname applied to a person who violates the norms of Shareeah?

Answer: The Islaamic Daa`iyah (caller) should be both knowledgeable and wise enough when enjoining right or forbidding wrong. He should also balance between the public interests of people, giving precedence to the preponderant interest over the preponderated one… read more here.

The reality of the Iranian Shee`ah and confuting those who claim there is no true Muslim leader except Ayatollah Khomeini

Question: It is common in Nigeria that Muslim youth express their love of Ayatollah Khomeini and support for the Iranian Islaamic Revolution. These youth think that in today’s Muslim world, there is no state that applies Allaah’s Rulings except Iran and that there is no true Muslim leader except Ayatollah Khomeini. Now these views have started to spread widely in Nigeria. Therefore, we would like you to provide us with a sufficient explanation of the truth of the Iranian Shiites, the leader of their state Ayatollah Khomeini, and what he calls people to?Allaah Willing, we will translate this explanation into Hausa, our mother tongue, and into English so that we may get rid of these views, for every month the Republic of Iran sends many books to the Muslims of Nigeria. We appreciate your advice. May Allaah reward you well and bless you!

Answer: As to the claim that in today’s Muslim world Iran is the only state that abides by Allaah’s rules and that there is no true Muslim leader but Ayatollah Khomeini, it is sheer falsehood and a lie… read more here.

Ruling on the Imaamite Shee`ah sect in Islaam and its origin

Question: Is Imamite Sheeah an Islamic sect? Who is the founder? In fact, the Sheeah claim their sect is traceable back to `Alee. However, if the sect of the Shiites is not Islaamic, in what way will it be non-Islaamic? I hope Your Eminence graciously gives me a detailed account provided with valid evidence of the Shiite sect and their beliefs along with highlighting some innovative Islamic sects.

Answer: The fundamentals and secondary elements of the Imamite Sheeah </span>are Bidahs (innovations in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on the followers of Al-Imaamiyyah

Question: What is the ruling on the followers of Al-Imaamiyyah Al-Ithnaa Ashriyyah (the Twelve Imaamee Shiites), which is one of the Rafidee sects (Shiitic sects which openly reject the legitimacy of the Caliphs before `Alee ibn Aboo Taalib)? Is there a difference between the scholars of any deviant Muslim sect and its mere followers regarding being deemed as Kuffaar (disbelievers) or Faasiqoon (those who openly and flagrantly violate Islaamic law)?

Answer: Any person who follows one of the leaders of Kufr (disbelief) and misguidance and supports their chiefs and masters in oppression and enmity will receive their same ruling, that is, being deemed among the Kuffaar and Faasiqoon… read more here.

Claiming : `Alee is ranked as a prophet and Jibreel made a mistake

Question: What is the ruling on Shiites especially those who say that `Alee is ranked as a prophet and that Jibreel (Gabriel) (peace be upon him) mistakenly descended to the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?

Answer: Shiites have been divided into many sects. Whoever among them says that `Alee (may Allah be pleased with him) is ranked as a prophet and that Jibreel (Gabriel) (peace be upon him) mistakenly descended to the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) counts as Kaafir (disbeliever)… read more here.

Difference between Sunnee (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and Shee`ah

Question: Please clarify the differences between Sunnis and Shee`ah (Shi’ites) Which of them is the closest to the Sunnah?

Answer: The differences between Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and the Shiites are major regarding Tawheed (Oneness of Allaah), Prophecy, Imaamah (leadership or governance) and more… read more here.

Are all the present Shiites Kuffaar, or just their Imaams or leaders?

Question: Are all the present Shiites Kuffaar (disbelievers) or just their Imaams?

Answer: Shiites nowadays have many sects. For more clarification on this issue, refer to the contemporary books written on deviant sects… read more here.

Scholars’ books on Shiite `Aqeedah and their details

Question: What is the Shiite `Aqeedah (creed)? Please clarify as much as possible.

Answer: Shiites have numerous sects, some are extremists and others are not. Hence, we recommend you read books written by scholars about their sects and the `Aqeedah (creed) of each… read more here.

An abstract about the Druze doctrine (a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians)

Question: All praise is due to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon His Prophet, upon his family and Companions.

To proceed:
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ have studied the letter sent by His Excellency the Deputy-Interior Minister to his Eminence the General Chairman No. 2/5400 on 15/5/1397 A.H. The Committee also read the two brochures attached to his letter detailing two alleged debates:

The first was held between a durzi student who is studying in Al-Az-har and someone that he claimed to be the Grand Shaykh of Al-Azhar called Mustafaa Al-Raafi`ee. The second was held between a person who ascribed himself (according to the letter) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community) called Shaykh Al-Haq Al-Husaynee and a durzi professor called Abu Hasan Hany Zaydan. According to the request of His Excellency to study this letter, the response comes as follows:

Firstly: An abstract about the doctrine of the Druze which unveils their reality.

Secondly: A brief explanation about the two debates explaining their illusion and misconception.

First: An abstract about the Druze doctrine

Druze are a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians who entertain camouflaging their religious convictions to deceive non-Durzi people. Sometimes, they pretend to be religious, ascetic, pious and show false religious jealousy. They also feign love of Raafidah, Sufism and Ahlul-Bayt (Members of the Prophet’s extended family). They claim that they are reformers who reconcile between people and gather them aiming to deceive them with regards to their religion. They continue doing so until they become strong and receive support from a ruler, they then show their reality, declare their dogmas and reveal their intentions.

At this time, they will be the callers to evil, corruption and a destructive means to religions, dogmas and ethics… read more here.

Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan

Question: What is the view of Sunni scholars regarding Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan. Following are some of their views that explain their doctrine.

1- The word of Faith: ‘I testify that there is no god but Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and `Alee, the Commander of Believers, is Allaah.’ The Ismaa`eelis and Agha khans say these words are the word of Shahaadat Al-Tawheed i.e. the testimony of belief in monotheism, and the true word of Islaam.

2- The Imaam: They believe that Agha Khan Shah Kareem is their Imaam (religious leader) who has dominion over everything; the earth, the heavens, and what is in and between them. They even believe he is the supreme ruler of the whole world.

3- The Sharee`ah: They do not believe in the truth of Islaamic Sharee`ah. In fact, they believe that Agha Khan is the embodiment and the true tongue of the Qur’aan. They also believe that he is the “Ka`bah” and “Al-Bayt-al-Ma’moor” (i.e. Allaah’s House in the seventh heaven) and the one to be followed and no one else. Their books say that the word “Allaah” mentioned in the Qur’aan is the apparent term used to refer to Imaam Agha Khan.

4- Salaah (Prayer): They do not believe that the Five Prayers are obligatory. Only three formulae of supplication are required instead.

5- The Masjid (mosque): They take a place of worship called Jamaa`at khanah instead of mosques.

6- Zakaah (obligatory charity): They deny that Zakaah is obligatory. They instead allocate 10% of their wealth to the Agha Khan calling it as “dushond” or “Mal-Al-Waajibat i.e. money for religious obligations”.

7- Sawm (Fast): They deny that it is obligatory to fast the month of Ramadaan.

8- They do not believe that Hajj is obligatory, rather they believe that their belief in Agha Khan is itself Hajj.

9- Salaam (Islaamic greeting): Instead of the Islaamic formula of greeting, they invented a special greeting. When one of them meets another, he says, “`Alee madad” (May `Alee help you!). The other replies, “Mawlaa `Alee madad” i.e., (`Alee is a sufficient master for help!) This is a brief note about their sayings and the `Aqaa-id (creeds) they adopt.

Now I would like to ask few questions:

1- Are the Ismaa`eelis considered a Muslim sect or a disbelieving one?

2- Is it permissible to offer Funeral Prayer for their dead people?

3- Is it permissible to bury them in the Muslims’ graves?

4- Is it permissible to intermarry with them?

5- Is the meat of their sacrificed animals lawful for Muslims?

6- Should they be treated like Muslims?

In the Name of Allaah, the Great, we ask you to answer our request for Fatwaa to dispel the doubts in many Muslims’ minds. In the past, the followers of this sect used to hide their false `Aqidah (creed), therefore the early Muslim shuyookh called them Al-Baatiniyyah (those who hide their real faith). Nowadays, they overtly call people to their false `Aqeedah (creed) to lead Muslims astray in matters related to `Aqeedah (creed) and for some other purposes we do not yet know.

Answer: First, The belief that Allaah is incarnated in `Alee or in any other being is sheer disbelief that excludes a person from Islaam. Likewise, the belief that any being other than Allaah (Glorified be He) can control the heavens and earth, is disbelief as well… read more here.

The best book on the true `Aqeedah

Question: What is the best book on Tawheed (monotheism) and `Aqeedah (creed) and how can a person get that?

Answer: The greatest and best book to clarify the sound `Aqeedah (creed) is the Glorious Book of Allaah, the Qur’aan, then the Hadeeth of His Messenger (peace be upon him). The following is a list of some of the most beneficial books on this subject… read more here.

Useful books on Fiqh, `Aqeedah and Seerah

Question: Please, inform us of the useful Islaamic books that we may refer to in matters related to `Aqeedah (Islaamic creed), Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence), and authentic books of Seerah (biography of the Prophet).

Answer: You should first refer to the Noble Qur’aan and the books of Sunnah like the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations by Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, Al-Nasaa’ee and Ibn Maajah)… read more here.

Some useful books for understanding religion

Question: What are the useful books that Muslims should read to understand their religion?

Answer: You should read the Noble Qur’aan; the books of Sunnah such as: Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, Saheeh Muslim and the four Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes… read more here.

Advice for those who wish to adopt a suitable methodology to study `Aqeedah

Question: I want to adopt a suitable methodology to study ‘Aqeedah (creed), especially after I have learned about the Pillars of Islaam, such as Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast). I thank Allaah for I also studied the books of “Tawheed” (Monotheism) by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Al-Wahhaab and “Al-Waasitiyyah” by the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. Would you recommend a proper methodology that would help me pursue a serious study?

Answer: May Allaah increase your deep insight and knowledge! We recommend reading the books of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) on `Aqeedah, among which are what you have already mentioned in your question in addition to the explanatory books… read more here.

Books on `Aqeedah which the Permanent Committee recommends reading

Question: What are the useful books for understanding `Aqeedah (Creed)?

Answer: Books that are useful for understanding `Aqeedah and similar topics vary according to the readers’ understanding, cultures, and educational levels. Thus, each person seeking to read in this field should ask the advice of scholars who are aware of their status, aptitude and assimilation of knowledge… read more here.

Video-playlist of Al-`Aqeedah Section (alifta Fatwas updating…)

Here you’re directed to the video-playlist of Al-`Aqeedah Section of our YouTube Channel. Videos will be automatically added to this Playlist. You’re directed to subscribe to our Channel for the follow-up of the Fataawaa of the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research & Issuing Fataawaa (اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء).

Al-`Aqeedah Section | YouTube Channel

Writing the Exalted Name “Allaah” and “Muhammad” parallel to each other on a paper

Question 331: As it is clear for you, may Allaah protect you, many plots are being made nowadays against this religion to undermine the `Aqeedah (creed) and spread acts of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) all over Islaamic Ummah (nation) by the enemies of Allaah (Exalted be He) and religion. However, people may neglect small things that grow to become serious problems that become hard to stand up to, as happened with the people of Nooh and their statues. Please find attached herewith some of the patterns that grew to become very serious to the extent of holding comparisons between Allaah (Glorified be He) on one hand and the Prophet, (peace be upon him) on the other. I do not know what worse could happen than this. The fellows at the Committee of Observing the Abominable Acts in `Aqeedah have written this small leaflet that I hope you will read and provide us with your comments. Perhaps this may help to remove such evil. May Allaah guide you and benefit His Servants by you, and enjoy your life in worshiping Him, Aaameeen.

Answer: It is not permissible to write the Exalted Name “Allaah” and “Muhammad” (peace be upon him) parallel to each other on a paper, portrait or a wall. This act includes excessive reverence to the Messenger (peace be upon him); it also includes equality to Allaah (Exalted be He), leading to a means of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Do notover praise me as the Christians did with the son of Maryam (Mary), for I am only a servant (of Allaah). Therefore you should say (about me) “the Servant and Messenger of Allaah.” Therefore, such portraits or papers should not be hung. Any similar writings on a wall should also be wiped out, to protect the `Aqeedah (creed) and act in accordance with the recommendation of the Messenger (peace be upon him)... read more here.

5- Ruling on the word ‘Aqeedah

Question: A questioner asks: Is it true that the word `Aqeedah (belief) is incorrect and baseless, and that it is better to use the term Eemaan (faith) instead?

Answer: This is incorrect. Scholars use the word `Aqeedah on matters related to one’s inner belief, those related to Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) as well as Allah’s Attributes. There is no harm to say that so and so, for example, follows the `Aqeedah of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). It is called `Aqeedah because it means firm belief that is not liable to any doubt,as people are hung up on itread more here.

4- True ‘Aqeedah is the foundation of religion and the basis of Islaam

Question: Brother S.A.M.L. from Abyssinia (Ethiopia), now living in the city of Jeddah, asks: In my country, Abyssinia I acquired some Islaamic knowledge. However, I do not know to what degree is it authentic, as I think I learned some Sufi misconceptions, which I realized only after coming here. Please, give me useful instructions in this regard, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Having sound beliefs is the topmost fundamental and basis of Islaam and faith. These principles represented a point of departure for all messengers of Allaah (peace be upon them), including our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), in calling their nations.Prophet Muhammad stayed in Makkah for thirteen years calling people to believe in the Oneness of Allaah, being devoted to Him and believing in His Names and Attributes, that He is the Lord of the worlds, the All-Knowing Creator and that He Alone is worthy of being worshipped. The Arabs knew that Allaah is the Lord of the worlds and that He is their Creator. However, they associated partners and other deities in worship with Him, including trees, stones, idols, humans (sons of Adam), jinn and other deities. Therefore, the Prophet (peace be upon him) taught them that Allaah Alone is worthy of being worshipped and that it was obligatory on them to devote worship to Him Alone. He said: My people, say “There is no god but Allaah” so that you may prosper. Yet, they denied his call and said, as is narrated by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Qur’aan: “Has he made the aalihah (gods) (all) into One Ilaah (God – Allaah). Verily, this is a curious thing!”

Accordingly, sound belief is the topmost principle and the fundamental pillar of Islaam. Thus, a seeker of knowledge must give special care to it until he gains clarity and becomes versed in it… read more here.

Correct ‘Aqeedah and its Antithesis (Fatwas of Ibn Baaz V.1)

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets.

Since sound `Aqeedah (creed) is the main origin of Islaam and the basis of the religion, I found it suitable to make it the topic of this lecture. It is well established by textual proofs from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah that the actions and words of a human are only valid and accepted when they are based on sound `Aqeedah. If the `Aqeedah is not sound, all actions and words are void. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.