An abstract about the Druze doctrine (a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians)

Question: All praise is due to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon His Prophet, upon his family and Companions.

To proceed:
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ have studied the letter sent by His Excellency the Deputy-Interior Minister to his Eminence the General Chairman No. 2/5400 on 15/5/1397 A.H. The Committee also read the two brochures attached to his letter detailing two alleged debates:

The first was held between a durzi student who is studying in Al-Az-har and someone that he claimed to be the Grand Shaykh of Al-Azhar called Mustafaa Al-Raafi`ee. The second was held between a person who ascribed himself (according to the letter) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community) called Shaykh Al-Haq Al-Husaynee and a durzi professor called Abu Hasan Hany Zaydan. According to the request of His Excellency to study this letter, the response comes as follows:

Firstly: An abstract about the doctrine of the Druze which unveils their reality.

Secondly: A brief explanation about the two debates explaining their illusion and misconception.

First: An abstract about the Druze doctrine

Druze are a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians who entertain camouflaging their religious convictions to deceive non-Durzi people. Sometimes, they pretend to be religious, ascetic, pious and show false religious jealousy. They also feign love of Raafidah, Sufism and Ahlul-Bayt (Members of the Prophet’s extended family). They claim that they are reformers who reconcile between people and gather them aiming to deceive them with regards to their religion. They continue doing so until they become strong and receive support from a ruler, they then show their reality, declare their dogmas and reveal their intentions.

At this time, they will be the callers to evil, corruption and a destructive means to religions, dogmas and ethics… read more here.

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Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan

Question: What is the view of Sunni scholars regarding Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan. Following are some of their views that explain their doctrine.

1- The word of Faith: ‘I testify that there is no god but Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and `Alee, the Commander of Believers, is Allaah.’ The Ismaa`eelis and Agha khans say these words are the word of Shahaadat Al-Tawheed i.e. the testimony of belief in monotheism, and the true word of Islaam.

2- The Imaam: They believe that Agha Khan Shah Kareem is their Imaam (religious leader) who has dominion over everything; the earth, the heavens, and what is in and between them. They even believe he is the supreme ruler of the whole world.

3- The Sharee`ah: They do not believe in the truth of Islaamic Sharee`ah. In fact, they believe that Agha Khan is the embodiment and the true tongue of the Qur’aan. They also believe that he is the “Ka`bah” and “Al-Bayt-al-Ma’moor” (i.e. Allaah’s House in the seventh heaven) and the one to be followed and no one else. Their books say that the word “Allaah” mentioned in the Qur’aan is the apparent term used to refer to Imaam Agha Khan.

4- Salaah (Prayer): They do not believe that the Five Prayers are obligatory. Only three formulae of supplication are required instead.

5- The Masjid (mosque): They take a place of worship called Jamaa`at khanah instead of mosques.

6- Zakaah (obligatory charity): They deny that Zakaah is obligatory. They instead allocate 10% of their wealth to the Agha Khan calling it as “dushond” or “Mal-Al-Waajibat i.e. money for religious obligations”.

7- Sawm (Fast): They deny that it is obligatory to fast the month of Ramadaan.

8- They do not believe that Hajj is obligatory, rather they believe that their belief in Agha Khan is itself Hajj.

9- Salaam (Islaamic greeting): Instead of the Islaamic formula of greeting, they invented a special greeting. When one of them meets another, he says, “`Alee madad” (May `Alee help you!). The other replies, “Mawlaa `Alee madad” i.e., (`Alee is a sufficient master for help!) This is a brief note about their sayings and the `Aqaa-id (creeds) they adopt.

Now I would like to ask few questions:

1- Are the Ismaa`eelis considered a Muslim sect or a disbelieving one?

2- Is it permissible to offer Funeral Prayer for their dead people?

3- Is it permissible to bury them in the Muslims’ graves?

4- Is it permissible to intermarry with them?

5- Is the meat of their sacrificed animals lawful for Muslims?

6- Should they be treated like Muslims?

In the Name of Allaah, the Great, we ask you to answer our request for Fatwaa to dispel the doubts in many Muslims’ minds. In the past, the followers of this sect used to hide their false `Aqidah (creed), therefore the early Muslim shuyookh called them Al-Baatiniyyah (those who hide their real faith). Nowadays, they overtly call people to their false `Aqeedah (creed) to lead Muslims astray in matters related to `Aqeedah (creed) and for some other purposes we do not yet know.

Answer: First, The belief that Allaah is incarnated in `Alee or in any other being is sheer disbelief that excludes a person from Islaam. Likewise, the belief that any being other than Allaah (Glorified be He) can control the heavens and earth, is disbelief as well… read more here.

What is the Sharee`ah ruling on Al-Habriyyah Tareeqah?

Question: What is the Shari`ah ruling on the two Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) that are prevalent in Algeria called Al-Habriyyoon. They were named after their grand shaykh Al-Habree, who is beloved by them. They believe that they alone are on the right path while other Muslims are in error. Is this Tareeqah truthful?

Answer: The only sound and truthful order is that which was introduced by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and followed by his Companions. Thus, the one who follows his example will be on the right path… read more here.

Which books would you advise me to read to strengthen my Deen; and Ruling upon the Naqshabandi order in particular

Question: I am seeking knowledge and Eemaan (Faith) that may please Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Which Islaamic books would you advise me to read to strengthen me, especially nowadays when there are many books that contain doubtful matters and falsehoods about the Deen (religion)?

Secondly: What is the ruling, in your understanding, on the Sufi Tariqahs (orders) in general, and the Naqshabandiyyah order in particular?

Answer: Firstly, you should devote your attention to the Qur’aan, reciting it regularly and contemplating its meanings, as the Qur’aan is the root of all that is good. You should then attend to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We recommend the following books on Tawheed (Islaamic monotheism):

“Sharh Al-`Aqeedah Al-Tahaawiyyah”, “Tat-heer Al-I`tiqaad” by Al-San`aanee, “Al-Tawheed” by Ibn Khuzaymah, “Mukhtasar Al-Sawaa`iq Al-Mursalah” by Al-Mawsilee. “Kashf Al-Shubuhaat” and “Al-Tawheed” by Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab, “Al-`Aqeedah Al-Wasitiyyah” by Ibn Taymiyyah, along with its commentaries, and also his two books: “Al-Hamawiyyah” and “Al-Tadmooriyyah.”… read more here.

The best book on the true `Aqeedah

Question: What is the best book on Tawheed (monotheism) and `Aqeedah (creed) and how can a person get that?

Answer: The greatest and best book to clarify the sound `Aqeedah (creed) is the Glorious Book of Allaah, the Qur’aan, then the Hadeeth of His Messenger (peace be upon him). The following is a list of some of the most beneficial books on this subject… read more here.

Useful books on Fiqh, `Aqeedah and Seerah

Question: Please, inform us of the useful Islaamic books that we may refer to in matters related to `Aqeedah (Islaamic creed), Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence), and authentic books of Seerah (biography of the Prophet).

Answer: You should first refer to the Noble Qur’aan and the books of Sunnah like the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations by Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, Al-Nasaa’ee and Ibn Maajah)… read more here.

Some useful books for understanding religion

Question: What are the useful books that Muslims should read to understand their religion?

Answer: You should read the Noble Qur’aan; the books of Sunnah such as: Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, Saheeh Muslim and the four Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes… read more here.

Advice for those who wish to adopt a suitable methodology to study `Aqeedah

Question: I want to adopt a suitable methodology to study ‘Aqeedah (creed), especially after I have learned about the Pillars of Islaam, such as Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast). I thank Allaah for I also studied the books of “Tawheed” (Monotheism) by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Al-Wahhaab and “Al-Waasitiyyah” by the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. Would you recommend a proper methodology that would help me pursue a serious study?

Answer: May Allaah increase your deep insight and knowledge! We recommend reading the books of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) on `Aqeedah, among which are what you have already mentioned in your question in addition to the explanatory books… read more here.

Books on `Aqeedah which the Permanent Committee recommends reading

Question: What are the useful books for understanding `Aqeedah (Creed)?

Answer: Books that are useful for understanding `Aqeedah and similar topics vary according to the readers’ understanding, cultures, and educational levels. Thus, each person seeking to read in this field should ask the advice of scholars who are aware of their status, aptitude and assimilation of knowledge… read more here.