Question 111: Some people do not practice Islaam at all. They do not recite Qur’aan or even know one Aayah of it. They do not offer Salaah (prayer) nor pay Zakaah (obligatory charity). They even curse the religion and the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). What is worse is that they curse Allaah, daily, yet still claim to be Muslims who testify that there is no deity except Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger. Is it permissible to eat the meat of their slaughtered animals, even though in our society there are so many of such people.
Answer: First of all: Abandonment of Salaah and denying its obligation is an act of Kufr (disbelief) according to Ijmaa‘ (consensus) of scholars. Similarly, the abandonment of Salaah due to laziness and carelessness is also an act of Kufr according to the more preponderant of the two opinions held by the scholars.
Second: Cursing Allaah and His Messenger as well as cursing the religion is major Kufr (disbelief) and an act of Riddah (apostasy) from Islaam. Thus, whoever does this should be urged to repent. If the person refuses to do so, it is obligatory on the ruler to inflict capital punishment; based upon the statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Whoever (a Muslim) changes his religion, execute him. Narrated by Al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh (Book of Authentic Hadeeth).
Third: It is impermissible to eat from the slaughtered meat of apostates until they repent. If they sincerely repent, the meat of the animals which they slaughter thereafter becomes lawful to eat from. The same also applies to other disbelievers, except for the People of the Book. Even if an apostate testifies that there is no deity except Allaah and Muhammad is His Messenger, the Testimony of Faith will be of no benefit to the one who says it while committing that which nullifies Islaam according to the Ijmaa‘ (consensus) of Muslim scholars…. read more here.
Question 114: Kindly, cite all the cases whereby a person is judged to be a Kaafir (disbeliever), outside the Deen (religion) of Islaam. What is the ruling on a person judged as such? Please, give a brief account on Riddah (apostasy), the lower degree of Kufr (disbelief) and love and hate of such a person for Allaah’s Sake.
Answer: The Mukafiraat (Crimes, the perpetration of which make one a disbeliever) that place a person outside Islaam are many, among them are the following:
1- To deny the Ma‘loom min al-deen biddarurah (the inevitably well-known basic principles of the religion) or the fact that they are obligatory acts of worship, such as denying that Salaah (prayer), Zakaah (obligatory charity), Sawm (fast), Hajj or the like are Divinely ordained duties,
2- To deem lawful that which is inevitably well-known to be prohibited in Islaam such as Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), drinking Khamr (intoxicant), premeditated unjust murder, impiety towards parents and the like,
3- To revile Allaah, His Messenger, the religion of Islaam, angels or the like. However, for a comprehensive list of such cases, please refer to the chapter of the Ruling on Apostate in the books of Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence)… read more here.
Question 113: What is the legal ruling on a man who takes hold of a Mus-haf (Qur’aan-book) and starts tearing it page by page despite being fully aware that it is a Mus-haf, and despite being warned by another man standing beside him that it was a Mus-haf? Moreover, what is the ruling on a man who extinguishes a cigarette on the Mus-haf?
Answer: By doing so, they are both judged to be disbelievers, for insulting and desecrating the Book of Allaah (Exalted be He). Their behavior comes under the same ruling as the mockers of its authority. Allaah, the Exalted, says (what means): Say: “Was it at Allaah (عز وجل), and His Aayaat (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations) and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that you were mocking?” Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed.… read more here.
Question 112: What is the ruling on someone who testifies: “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah,” performs Salaah (Prayer) and all the other religious obligations, but, when they are angry or in a discussion with a certain person, they say some words that I am ashamed to mention or say, except in this type of situation that necessitates me to do so to explain the situation. The things that are said are such as: “Damn your Lord’s Religion” and other similar phrases. Is someone who says such things obliged to perform Ghusl (a ritual bath) and are their deed nullified? Please explain this matter to us.
Answer: What you mentioned about the person saying: “Damn your Lord’s Religion,” this takes them out of Islaam. It is obligatory that they should be advised and guided with wisdom, good advice, and the best arguments, so Allaah may guide them and they will stop saying such things in the future. They should be advised to perform Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for what has happened in the past, as Tawbah, if accepted, would result in the forgiveness of the sins they committed. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Say: “O ‘Ibaadee (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allaah: verily, Allaah forgives all sins. Truly He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Scholars have agreed by Ijmaa` (consensus) that this Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) is concerned with those who perform Tawbah. Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: And verily, I am indeed forgiving to him who repents, believes (in My Oneness, and associates none in worship with Me) and does righteous good deeds, and then remains constant in doing them, (till his death). There are many evidences in the Qur’aan and Sunnah on the legitimacy of Tawbah… read more here.