The Salaf neither allegorically interpreted Allaah’s Attributes nor engaged in anthropomorphism since this is an innovation in religion that finds no support in the Qur’aan or Sunnah:
15- Al-Saaboonee stated in his fifth article that it is not the Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) – which we already discussed in preceding articles, on the topic of the Attributes of the Creator (Glorified and Exalted be He) – to absolutely leave the issue of Attributes to Allaah, as some people say. Rather, it is another approach that indicates perspicacity and sound and straight understanding of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah texts. This way and approach could be summarized through the following points:
First: Applying Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) to the Aayahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadeeths on Attributes where Ta’weel is inescapable due to linguistic, Shar`ee (Islaamic legal), or creedal reasons.
Second: Acknowledging what the Glorious Qur’aan or the Purified Sunnah established of the Attributes of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), such as hearing, sight, speech, love, contentment, Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne in a manner that befits Him), descending, coming, approaching and other attributes, and believing in them in the way they are intended by Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), thus confirming them to be true and leaving them to Allaah without Tashbeeh (comparison), Ta`teel (negation of the meaning or function of Allaah’s Attributes), Tajseem (anthropomorphism) or Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation).
Answer: The claim that this is the view of the Madh-hab of the Salaf is baseless, since it is not the Madh-hab of the Salaf to leave the issue of Allaah’s Names and Attributes to Allaah, neither generally nor specifically. Rather, they leave the issue of Takyeef (descriptive designation of Allaah’s Attributes) as previously explained and as was stated by Maalik, Ahmad and others, and – before them – by Ummi Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) and Rabee`ah ibn ‘Aboo `Abdul-Rahmaan,the Shaykh of Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with them all). It is also not the Madh-hab of the Salaf to interpret the attributes. Rather, they accept them as they are stated and believe in their meanings in the way that befits Allaah’s Glory without Tahreef (distortion of the meaning), Ta`teel, Takyeef, or Tamtheel as repeatedly mentioned above… read more here.