Writing the Exalted Name “Allaah” and “Muhammad” parallel to each other on a paper

Question 331: As it is clear for you, may Allaah protect you, many plots are being made nowadays against this religion to undermine the `Aqeedah (creed) and spread acts of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) all over Islaamic Ummah (nation) by the enemies of Allaah (Exalted be He) and religion. However, people may neglect small things that grow to become serious problems that become hard to stand up to, as happened with the people of Nooh and their statues. Please find attached herewith some of the patterns that grew to become very serious to the extent of holding comparisons between Allaah (Glorified be He) on one hand and the Prophet, (peace be upon him) on the other. I do not know what worse could happen than this. The fellows at the Committee of Observing the Abominable Acts in `Aqeedah have written this small leaflet that I hope you will read and provide us with your comments. Perhaps this may help to remove such evil. May Allaah guide you and benefit His Servants by you, and enjoy your life in worshiping Him, Aaameeen.

Answer: It is not permissible to write the Exalted Name “Allaah” and “Muhammad” (peace be upon him) parallel to each other on a paper, portrait or a wall. This act includes excessive reverence to the Messenger (peace be upon him); it also includes equality to Allaah (Exalted be He), leading to a means of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Do notover praise me as the Christians did with the son of Maryam (Mary), for I am only a servant (of Allaah). Therefore you should say (about me) “the Servant and Messenger of Allaah.” Therefore, such portraits or papers should not be hung. Any similar writings on a wall should also be wiped out, to protect the `Aqeedah (creed) and act in accordance with the recommendation of the Messenger (peace be upon him)... read more here.

Upon mentioning the names of the Sahaabah (Companions), should we say: عليه السلام or رضي الله عنهم ?

Question 10: Is it permissible upon mentioning the name of one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) to say, “Peace and blessings be upon him” instead of “May Allaah be pleased with him”?

Answer: It is permissible to say, “Peace be upon him” upon mentioning a Sahaabee (Companion of the Prophet) or some other person, for Imaam Al-Bukhaaree reported in his Saheeh (Book of Authentic Hadeeth), under the chapter on “Sending peace and blessings on other than the Prophet (peace be upon him)” and Allaah’s saying: …and invoke Allaah for them. Verily, your invocations are a source of security for them on the authority of the following chain of narration… read more here.

Are the decisions of the Islamic Fiqh Academy considered to be Ijmaa’ (consensus of scholars)?

Question 6: Consensus of opinions is one of the basic sources of legislation in Islaam next only to the Glorious aand the Sunnah. Do the decisions of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy in Makkah Al-Mukarramah form a consensus of Muslim scholars?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, the Islaamic Fiqh Academy does not form a consensus of opinion… read more here.

Is it permissible to say: “O Mu’een (Supporter), O Lord”?

Question 17: Is it permissible to say when seeking the help of Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, “O Mu‘een (Supporter)! O Lord!” or to say when asking to make easy what is difficult, “O Musahhil (He who facilitates)! O Muyassir (He who makes easy)! O Lord”? What is the governing principle in this regard? And what is the ruling on a person who says so inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately?

Answer: It is permissible to say what you have mentioned, because the One referred to by the “Supporter” and “He who makes easy” is Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, as you have declared at the end of your supplication, saying, “O Lord!”, whether you… read more here.

Can we offer the two supererogatory Rak`ahs of Fajr after sunrise or before Fajr Prayer?

Question 4: If a person sleeps until sunrise, should he pray the two supererogatory Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) before offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer?

Answer: If one is overpowered by sleep and could not wake up until after sunrise, he should perform Fajr (Dawn) Prayer when he wakes up and should offer the Sunnah (supererogatory) Salaah before Fajr. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah… read more here.

Regarding a person who denies the punishment in the grave?

Question 4: What about a person who denies the punishment in the grave, because the reports in this regard are Hadith-ul-Ahad (Hadiths which at some point in the chain have only a single narrator) which -they hold- can never be taken as basis for beliefs? They do not judge reports in terms of authenticity, acceptability, and weakness, but in terms of the numerous chains of transmission; whether it is a singular report or recurrently reported at each generation of narrators. Upon finding out that a certain report is singular, they reject it. How does one respond to this?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone. Peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, if a singular report is authentically reported from Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), it is a credited proof according to the consensus of Ahl-al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community), whether on issues of worship or creed… read more here.

Allaah challenged those who doubt the revelation of the Qur’aan to the Messenger?

Question 2: What challenge has Allaah made to those doubting that the Qur’aan was revealed to the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Allaah has challenged them to produce the like of the Qur’aan, or ten Soorahs (chapters) of the Qur’aan, or even just one Soorah, but they failed… read more here.

Vowing to the Shrines of “Shaykhs”

Question 26: I am a secondary school student, and since my tender age I have seen my family in Sudan flocking to the shrines of shaykhs to rub them, seeking their blessings, and make vows by them. I have denounced such scenes within myself, but I could not declare it, because in their view I am considered a Kaafir (disbeliever) and that they can poison me, and definitely can do me harm. For they claim that these people have Karaamahs (extraordinary events performed at the hands of pious people) as they are Awliya’ (pious people), and that most of them claimed to have seen Allaah. I used to resent this inside me, until I came to know some people from Ansar Al-Sunnah Al-Muhamadiyyah; they showed me that these people’s claims are only delusions and Shirk. They also taught me that these people are followers of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) and that every Bid‘ah is a going astray that leads to the Fire. I also came across some books of theirs on Tawheed (Monotheism), written by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab. However, I cannot afford to get them due to my straitened circumstances, so I just borrow them and return them after a short while.

I hope that you, as a father and a Daa‘ee (caller) to the truth, will explain to me in a personal letter, your opinion on this group and send me some books, if possible, to enlighten me. And Allaah is the Knower of intentions.

Answer: Making vows by the shrines of shaykhs is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), because making vows is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship), and so dedicating a vow to other than Allaah… read more here.

Vowing to other than Allaah is a major Shirk

Question 25: Some people vow to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) or offer a sacrifice to attain what they want; some in hope of recovery, others of restoring a lost right, and so on. Some devote their vows to Allaah sincerely or for the sake of Allaah’s Love,others offer the vow to other people. Please, advise me on this matter and clarify the correct way of offering a vow. May Allaah admit you to the best of life and Hereafter.

Answer: Firstly, Vowing is an undesirable act for a Muslim, for it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Seeking help from the Awliya’ shading their graves & considering them as intercessors to Allaah

Question 23: What is the ruling on seeking help from the Awliya’ (pious people), offering vows to them, considering them intercessors with Allaah, making Tawaaf (circumambulation) around their graves, seeking blessings from the stones thereof, and shading them?

Answer: Seeking the Awliya’s help at their graves, vowing to them or considering them intercessors to Allaah and asking them to do so is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that drives a person away from Islaam and admits them permanently into Hellfire if they die… read more here.

Beseeching anyone other than Allaah for help, for sickness, rain Or to prolong one’s life

Question 20: Two groups holding opposing views: the first group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ (pious people) constitutes Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship); they give evidence from Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) in support of their view. The second group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ is permissible because they are the chosen, sincere Servants of Allaah (Exalted be He). Which of the two is correct?

Answer: Asking anyone other than Allaah for help, to bring healing, to make it rain, to prolong one’s life, or similar requests that lie in the Power of Allaah Alone is a form of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship that takes a Muslim out of Islaam). Likewise… read more here.

Invoking the dead and the absent like Prophets and Awliya’ (pious people)

Question 11: My father believes in the righteousness of a dead shaykh known as a Walee’ (a pious person). He makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by this shaykh and associates him with Allaah in Du’aa (supplication), for example, he says: “O Allaah! O master Abdul-Salaam!” What is the ruling on this, taking into account that my father performs Salaah (Prayer), observes Sawm (Fast) and, pays Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Making Du’aa to the dead and the absent like the Prophets, Awliya’ (pious people), and the like, whether alone or along with Allaah, is an act of Al-Shirk-ul-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), even if… read more here.

Claiming the knowledge of the Unseen (al-Ghayb)

Question 10: There is a righteous person or so we call him who lives at my residence.He is still alive and people honor him greatly. He has yearly banquets prepared by the rich men of the tribes for him. One person may come and say: ‘O sir, you will have dinner with me’ as a matter of blessing. Another says: ‘O sir, you will have lunch with me.’ As for the banquet, they slaughter one or two animals. About fifty or sixty people gather at the banquet and recite formulae of thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in the nightly banquet. The cost of the banquet may be around one hundred pounds. When the pious man leaves, the owner of the banquet follows him and gives him from twenty to fifty pounds. This happens every year by the well-to-do people. He knows that people make Du‘aa (supplication) to Allaah by means of his position or honor in his absence.

For example, when a person who thinks highly of this man’s piety, falls into distress, he says: ‘O sir so and so, by your position and dignity with Allaah, relieve my distress, whether it be sickness, fear of a road, or darkness at night, etc. After Du’aa, the person says: ‘I will give you five pounds when you cure my sickness or relieve my fear.’ All this happens in the absence of this righteous man. On meeting the righteous man, a person says: ‘Here is one pound.’ Thereupon, the pious man says: ‘Give me the five pounds you mentioned in your distress.’ The distressed person wonders as this has happened in the absence of this man. Does this indicate the righteousness of this man? Or is it a fortuneteller’s act, which is forbidden? We hope you explain this matter and identify its essence; is it an act of righteousness, or a forbidden act?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du’aa to others instead of Allaah such as Awliya’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Invoking others such as Awliya’ (“pious people”) and “righteous people” instead of Allaah

Question 9: There is a righteous person or so we call him who lives at my residence.He is still alive and people honor him greatly. He has yearly banquets prepared by the rich men of the tribes for him. One person may come and say: ‘O sir, you will have dinner with me’ as a matter of blessing. Another says: ‘O sir, you will have lunch with me.’ As for the banquet, they slaughter one or two animals. About fifty or sixty people gather at the banquet and recite formulae of thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in the nightly banquet. The cost of the banquet may be around one hundred pounds. When the pious man leaves, the owner of the banquet follows him and gives him from twenty to fifty pounds. This happens every year by the well-to-do people. He knows that people make Du‘aa (supplication) to Allaah by means of his position or honor in his absence.

For example, when a person who thinks highly of this man’s piety, falls into distress, he says: ‘O sir so and so, by your position and dignity with Allaah, relieve my distress, whether it be sickness, fear of a road, or darkness at night, etc. After Du’aa, the person says: ‘I will give you five pounds when you cure my sickness or relieve my fear.’ All this happens in the absence of this righteous man. On meeting the righteous man, a person says: ‘Here is one pound.’ Thereupon, the pious man says: ‘Give me the five pounds you mentioned in your distress.’ The distressed person wonders as this has happened in the absence of this man. Does this indicate the righteousness of this man? Or is it a fortuneteller’s act, which is forbidden? We hope you explain this matter and identify its essence; is it an act of righteousness, or a forbidden act?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du’aa to others instead of Allaah such as Awliya’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Doing the collective thikr like what is done by the Sufi orders and Tariqas

Question 8: Please give us your Fatwaa concerning a group of people who sit in circles in Masjids (mosques) in which they observe remembrance of Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger. Sometimes in their thikr (Remembrance of Allah), they say things that are contrary to Tawheed (Oneness of Allaeh). An example of what they say is: “Help us, O Messenger of Allaah!” They repeat these words while their leader says: “O, you (the Prophet) are the key of Allaah’s treasures. O you are the Ka`bah of Allaah’s appearance. O you are the throne of Allaah’s leveling and O you are the chair of Allaah’s descent! Suffice us, O Messenger of Allaah. O Allah’s beloved! You are the intended one. It is you, O Messenger of Allaah,” and other similar words of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship).

Answer: First of all, collective thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) like what is done in the Sufi orders is an act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). It was stated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Saying the phrase, “O servants of Allaah’s magnificent names, answer and fulfill my needs!”

Question 5: Is it permissible for a Muslim, while making du’aa (supplication) to Allaah, to say: “O servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names, answer and fulfill my needs!”?

Answer: Calling the servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names to fulfill one’s needs is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), for it involves… read more here.

A community of people (Muslims) invoke for help to other than Allaah

Question 2: Is it permissible for a man who lives among a community of people who invoke help from other than Allaah to perform Salaah (prayer) behind them (when they lead the congregational prayers)? Is it obligatory to disassociate oneself from them? Is what they are doing count as major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Is making allies of them judged the same as making allies of true Kaafirs (disbelievers)?

Answer:  If the state of the people you are living among is as you described: they call upon other than Allah for help, such as the dead, absent or unseen beings, trees, stones, stars, and the like, they are Mushriks (those who associate others with Allah in worship) who are committing major Shirk that take them out of the Din (religion) of Islam. It is not permissible to take them as allies, as is the case with the Kafir. Performing Salah behind them is invalid. It is also not permissible to associate with them or live… read more here.

Anyone who believes that someone besides (or with) Allaah is managing the Universe

Question 1: Is a person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever believes this is considered a Kaafir, because he has associated partners with Allaah in His Lordship (al-Ruboobiyyah). He is even worse in disbelief (Kufr) than … read more here.