Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah during school’s morning assembly

Question 162: Some girls schools ask us about the ruling on girls reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah aloud at the school’s morning assembly. Being a matter of importance, kindly inform us of the ruling so we can circulate it among the schools.

Answer: It is an act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) that school boys and girls recite Soorah Al-Faatihah during the school’s morning assembly. The Prophet is reported to have said: Whoever does an act extraneous to ours (religious acts), his act is rejected. Narrated by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.

However, there is no harm if various topics are recited and broadcast alternatively including Al-Faatihah i.e. some Qur’aanic Aayaat (verses), some authentic Hadeeths, some proverbs or wisdom, Islaamic poetry or anthems, etc... read more here.

Reciting Soorah al-Faatihah at night after the Witr for certain times

Question 161: Please, your honor, give me a Fatwaa’ on reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah after the ‘Ishaa’ (Night) Prayer, i.e. after the Witr (Prayer with an odd number of units) for a non-specific number of times such as a hundred times, more or less, without specifying a certain time. I always recite the Qur’aan hoping for more rewards from Allaah. Is this considered a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) given that after reciting Al-Faatihah, I ask Allaah for forgiveness and guidance. May Allaah guide you to serve Islam and the Muslims.

Answer: The Qur’aan is the word of Allaah (Exalted be He); the superiority of Allaah’s words over the words of people is similar to the superiority of Allaah over people. The reward of reciting the Qur’aan is great, which no one can measure except Allah. No one should dedicate a special Soorah or Aayah to be recited at a particular time or for a particular purpose, except what was mentioned by the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). For instance, Soorah Al-Faatihah for Ruqyah (reciting Qur’aan and supplications for the sick to be cured) and in each Rak’ah (unit of Prayer); Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’aanic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) when going to bed so that one is protected from Satan; and Al-Mu’awwidaat (Surahs Al-Ikhlaas, Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “He is Allaah, (the) One. , Say: “I seek refuge with (Allaah), the Lord of the daybreak, and Say: “I seek refuge with (Allaah) the Lord of mankind, for Ruqyah... read more here.

The meaning of extolling Allaah

Question: What is the meaning of extolling Allaah?

Answer: Extolling Allaah means praising Him a lot, i.e., (saying): You are Al-Raheem (The Most Merciful), You are Al-Rahmaan (The Most Gracious), You are Al-Jawad (The Bountiful),You are Al-Kareem (The Generous), You are Al-Muhsin (The Beneficent), You are the Possessor of all goodness, You favored (Your) Servants, You are the One sought for help in distress, in Your Hand is all goodness, and You have the full disposition of everything. This is Extolment, that is, expressing praise of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)... read more here.

Ruling on composing poems and prose in praise of Allaah

Question: Is it permissible to compose poems in praise of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) with the intention of drawing nearer to Him?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to praise Him in poetry and prose as the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) and others did... read more here.

The meaning of the Hadeeth “Allaah created Adam in His Image”

Question: A Hadeeth was reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in which he prohibits making the face ugly, and states that Allaah (Exalted be He) created Aadam in His image. What is the correct belief regarding this Hadeeth?

Answer: This Hadeeth is authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) in which he said: If any of you strikes (another), let them avoid the face, for Allaah created Aadam in His image In another narration: In the Image of Al-Rahmaan (The Gracious) This does not mean Tashbeeh (comparison) or Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation). According to the view of scholars, this means that Allaah (Exalted be He) created Aadam hearing, seeing and talking as He wishes. These are also the Attributes of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), for He is All-Hearer, All-Seer, Speaker and has a Face (Glorified and Exalted be He). Yet, that does not mean Tashbeeh or Tamtheel, since the Image of Allaah is completely different from the image of any creature. Rather, it means that He is Hearer, Seer, has a Face and Speaker if He wishes. Similarly, Allaah (Exalted be He) created Adam in the same image; possessing hearing, sight, face, hands and feet and speech when he wants to talk. Yet, his hearing is not like Allaah’s and so is his sight and speech. His face does not also resemble Allaah’s Face for there is no match to Allaah’s Attributes (may He be Exalted and Glorified). Rather, they befit Him (Glorified be He) alone. The servants (of Allaah) have characteristics that befit them as well. Such characteristics are doomed to extinction, defect and weakness. However, the Attributes of Allaah are Perfect without defect, weakness or extinction. For that, Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: There is nothing like Him; and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. He (Glorified be He) says: “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” Accordingly, it is not permissible to strike or make the face ugly... read more here.

Saying: “May He be Glorified and Exalted” and “the Lord of all lords”

Question: A questioner is asking: We always say, “Allaah, may He be Glorified and Exalted; Allaah, the Lord of all lords.” What is the meaning of ‘may He be Glorified and Exalted’ and ‘the Lord of all lords’?

Answer: “May He be Glorified and Exalted” means that He is attributed by Glory, Might and Exaltedness, for He has the Absolute Might. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: But honour, power and glory belong to Allâh, and to His Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) It means: Subjugation, Pre-dominance and Power. “May He be Glorified” also means that He is characterized by Glory, Loftiness, and Haughtiness (Glorified and Exalted be He). He is The Great, The Sublime, and The Mighty Who has the Utmost Loftiness (Glorified and Exalted be He). He is Supreme above His slaves and Predominant over them. He is characterized by Absolute Majesty and Grandeur... read more here.

Did the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) see Allaah?

Question: Is there any proof that the Messenger (peace be upon him) saw Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)? Is there any proof that people will see Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) on the Day of Resurrection?

Answer: The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not see His Lord in this world. Prophet Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him) requested Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to show Himself so that Moosaa could look upon Him, but Allaah (Exalted be He) said: You cannot see Me Furthermore, our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: You should know that none of you can see His Lord until he dies. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not see His Lord and he was asked about this When ‘Aboo Dar said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Have you seen your Lord?’ He (peace be upon him) replied, ‘I saw (only) light.’ According to another wording: Light – how could I see Him! (Related by Muslim in his Saheeh [Authentic Hadith Book])... read more here.

Seeing Allaah on the Day of Resurrection

Question: There is a debate regarding the issue of sight; i.e., seeing Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) on the Day of Resurrection. There is a strong argument about that. Some people say that Allaah (Exalted be He) will not be seen, while others claim the contrary. Each party cites the Hadeeth and Aayaat by which refute the opinion of the other. Please advise us in this regard. May Allaah reward you well!

Answer: The opinion of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream), and the Ijmaa` (consensus) of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet Muhammad) may Allaah be pleased with them, and Ahl-ul-Sunnah who succeeded them states that Allaah (Glorified be He) will be seen on the Day of Resurrection. The Mu’mineen (believers) will see Him and in Jannah (paradise) as well. Scholars have unanimously agreed upon this. Furthermore, scholars among the Sahaabah and other Muslims who belong to Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah agreed on this too. This is also indicated by the Noble Qur’aan and the purified authentic Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: Some faces that Day shall be Naadirah (shining and radiant). which means bright and beautiful Looking at their Lord (Allaah). looking at His Glorious Face (Glorified and Exalted be He). He (Glorified and Exalted be He) also says : For those who have done good is the best (reward, i.e. Paradise) and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah جل جلاله). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said... read more here.

The Hadeeth Qudsee are Allaah’s Words that are not created

Question: Are the Hadeeth Qudsee (Revelation from Allaah in the Prophet’s words) not created for being the Words of Allaah?

Answer: Yes, the Hadeeth Qudsee are Allaah’s Words that are not created, they are similar to the Qur’aan such as Allaah’s Saying (Glorified and Exalted be He) in respect of what the Prophet (peace be upon him) narrated from Him (Glorified be He): O My slaves, I have forbidden Dulm (injustice) to Myself and made it forbidden amongst you, so do not wrong one another. O My slaves all of you are misguided except those whom I guide, so ask Me for guidance, and I will guide you. In addition to other authentic Hadeeth Qudsee which are all the Words of Allaah... read more here.

Ruling on those who claim that the Qur’aan is Created

Question: A questioner asks: What is the ruling on the person who believes that the Qur’aan is created, and that people will not see Allaah (Exalted be He) on the Day of Resurrection? It is noteworthy that most of those who adopt this school do not agree or believe that the Qur’aan is created, they say: We do not believe that the Qur’aan is created, but we belong to this school following our fathers. What is the ruling on the person who believes in the creation of the Qur’aan? Is such a person considered to have seceded from Islaam? Please advise us in this regard. May Allaah reward you well!

Answer: Yes, those who claim that the Qur’aan is created, are, by doing so, repudiating that it is the Words of Allaah, and this is a major act of Kufr (disbelief). The same applies to the one who claims that Allaah (Exalted be He) will not be seen in the Hereafter. Whoever denies the seeing of Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Hereafter or Jannah (Paradise), commits a major Kufr, since he will be recanting Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him). Therefore, if any sect or a group claim that the Qur’aan is created, this means that it is not the Words of Allaah; rather, they are created words. While Allaah has clarified that it (i.e., the Qur’aan) is His Words (Glorified and Exalted be He) in His Saying (Glorified and Exalted be He): And if anyone of the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah) seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the Word of Allaah (the Qur’aan) He (Exalted be He) also says: They want to change Allaah’s Words. .

Furthermore, the Messenger (peace be upon him) used to tell people: Is there a man who can protect me so that I can convey the Words of my Lord He would walk around among them in Makkah before Hijrah (Prophet’s migration to Madinah) asking their refuge to be able to convey the Words of Allaah. What is meant here is that the Messenger (peace be upon him) and all the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) declared that the Qur’aan is the Words of Allaah, and the Qur’aan itself showed that. Thus, anyone who claims that the Qur’aan is created will be a Kaafir (disbeliever) who belies Allaah, His Messenger and the Ijma` (consensus) of Muslims. The same applies to the person who denies the Attributes of Allaah or denies seeing Him or that He is not All-Wise, All-knowing, Mighty, All-Able. Whoever does this will be a Kaafir like Al-Jahmiyyah, (a deviant Islamic sect denying some Attributes of Allaah, claiming they are human qualities and cannot be ascribed to Allaah)... read more here.

The Qur’aan is the Word of Allaah and is not created

Question: One of our listeners writes: Our brother who is a knowledge-seeker from Jeddah has some concerns and this is one of them. He says: Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim main body) are known for their position that the Qur’aan is the Word of Allah which was revealed and not created. It originated from Him and to Him it will return. Regarding the letters with which the Qur’aan was written: Are they not created? Are they Arabic letters? Was the Qur’aan written in Al-Lawh Al-Mahfoozh (the Preserved Tablet) with these letters, or were they developed by the Arabs? Please clarify the Madh-hab (juristic school/School of Jurisprudence) of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) regarding this issue. I also hope that you will reply to this paradox if it is considered to be so.

Answer: This question has been answered by Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah, as they all agreed that Qur’aan is the Word of Allaah, that was revealed and not created, from Him it originated and to Him it will return. The Qur’aan’s letters and meanings are Allaah’s Speech as He has spoken it. It was heard by Jibreel (Gabriel) and conveyed by Muhammad (peace be upon him).The entire Qur’aan, its letters and meanings is the Word of Allaah; therefore, whoever claims that it is created commits Kufr (disbelief) according to the ruling of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah. The whole Qur’aan is Allaah’s Word, its letters and meanings. Furthermore, it also exists in Al-Lawh-ul-Mahfoozh with the same letters and meanings, as He (Glorified be He) states: Nay! This is a Glorious Qur’aan, (Inscribed) in Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz (The Preserved Tablet)! Therefore, as previously mentioned, the entire Qur’an is the Word of Allah that was sent down not created, from Him it originated and to Him it will return, along with its letters and meanings as stipulated by Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah and according to the declaration of ‘Aboo Al-`Abbaas Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) in his books, such as Al-`Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah in which he mentioned the `Aqeedah (creed) of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah. Again the whole Qur’aan; its letters and meaning, is Allaah’s Word which Jibreel conveyed to the honorable Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Allaah also confirmed its existence in Al-Lawh Al-Mahfoozh as He clarified in His Book (Glorified and Exalted be He). Thus, whoever denies this violates the Sharee`ah (Islaamic Law), innovates in the Deen (religion) of Islaam and opposes Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah.

QuestionA questioner from Yemen asks: Did Al-Bukhaaree (may Allaah have mercy on him) declare that the Qur’aan is Allaah’s Word that was not created but its utterance is created?

AnswerThe Qur’aan is the Word of Allaah. Al-Bukhaaree and others declared that it is the Word of Allaah. It is revealed not created, but if he said that his utterance of the Qur’aan is created, this is possible. This is why scholars chose not to delve into this matter. Furthermore, if he meant with that his voice, it is also created. On the other hand, if he meant by that his speech, this is wrong. For that, many scholars reprehended saying that as it could be misleading. But, if someone says that their voice is created but the Qur’aan is the Word of Allaah along with clarification, there is no harm in this. However, as previously mentioned, some scholars censured saying that without explanation. On the other side, some of them approved of this regarding the intention of uttering. In conclusion, the uttered words, which are the Qur’aan, are Allaah’s Word that is revealed not created, whether it is recited from memory, pronounced, or written. Whatever the case may be it is the Word of Allaah that is not created... read more here.

Allaah’s Speech to Moses (peace of Allaah be upon him)

Question: How many times did Allah speak to Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him)? Did He speak to him at the same place where He first spoke to him, if this happened more than once?

Answer: Allaah knows best, Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and to Moosaa (Moses) Allaah spoke directly. As for the number of times; Allaah (Exalted be He) knows that best, as I do not know about the number of times.

Question: A listener is asking: In what language will Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) speak to His Servants on the Day of Resurrection? Please clarify this to us. May Allaah reward you well!

AnswerThe apparent meaning of the texts reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) indicates that Allaah will address people in Arabic, and He (may He be Exalted and Glorified) knows best... read more here.

Attribute of Al-Sabr (patience) and Al-Hilm (forbearance)

Question: What is the difference between Al-Hilm (forbearance) and Al-Sabr (patience), which is one of Allaah’s Attributes?

Answer: Al-Hilm is to delay the punishment for a servant (granting them respite so that they may repent from their sins). Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is described as Al-Halim (the All-Forbearing) and the Patient as narrated in the following Hadeeth Saheeh (authentic Hadeeth): None is more patient over offending words (he hears) than Allaah. They ascribe a son to Him whereas He gives and provides them with sustenance. Al-Sabr is the delay of imposing the punishments. Although many people are transgressors, unjust, and commit Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), Allaah does not hasten their punishment. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly. And:And if you obey most of those on the earth, they will mislead you far away from Allaah’s Path. He gives them respite, as He (Glorified and Exalted be He) says, Consider not that Allaah is unaware of that which the Zaalimoon (polytheists, wrong-doers) do, but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror. This Aayah combines both characteristics: patience and forbearance read more here.

The Manner in which Allaah Descends

Question: The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: “Our Lord descends during the last third of the night.” Does Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) descend? Or is it His Mercy that descends?

Answer: It was stated in many Hadeeths Mutawattir (a Hadeeth reported by a significant number of narrators throughout the chain of narration, whose agreement upon a lie is impossible) which were recorded in the Two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and other books of Hadeeth that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) descends to the lowest heaven every night. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Related by Al-Bukhaaree, Book on Friday, Chapter on supplication during Salaah late at night, no. 1145; and Muslim, Book on travelers’ Salaah and Salaah shortening , chapter on recommendation of supplication and remembrance of Allaah late at night and the answer thereto, no. 758. Our Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, and asks: ‘Who is supplicating to Me that I may answer him? Who is asking (something) from Me that I may grant it to him? Who is asking Me for forgiveness that I may forgive him? Allaah states that He descends in a manner which none except He knows as none knows the manner of His Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne in a manner that befits Him) except Him. He descends as He Wills and in a manner that befits His Majesty and which no one knows. We accept the fact of His Descending, but without Takyeef (describing the manner of Allaah’s Attributes), Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation), or giving extra explanations. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Our Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, and asks: ‘Who is supplicating to Me that I may answer him? Who is asking (something) from Me that I may grant it to him? Who is asking Me for forgiveness that I may forgive him? In another wording: Is there anyone who asks Me (something) that I may grant (it) to him? Is there anyone who supplicates to Me that I may answer him? Is there anyone who asks Me forgiveness that I may forgive him? And: Is there anyone who asks for forgiveness that he would be forgiven? read more here.