Question: Some people have developed an annual tradition on the Day of ‘Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram) of slaughtering over forty sheep and ewes and over ten cows at the shrines of the so-called Awliyaa’ (pious people). Some ignorant Muslims, who have poor knowledge of the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law), would gather there and recite the Qur’aan by these graves, claiming that they recite the Qur’aan as a supplication for the dead. They then eat the sacrificed animals. We ask Your Eminence to clarify the legal opinion on this issue supported by proofs from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.
Answer: First, what you have mentioned in regard to slaughtering sacrifices at the shrines of Awliyaa’ is considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.
Question: It is narrated in a Hadeeth that When the Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Madeenah, he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) on `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram). So, he observed Sawm during it and ordered that Sawm should be observed in it. How can this be reconciled with his order to act differently from the way of People of the Book in many matters?
Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.
Question: Should the ninth and tenth, the tenth and eleventh of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashuraa’ (10th of Muharram)?
Answer: Fasting on the Day of `Aashooraa’ is a stressed Sunnah (acts, sayings or approvals of the Prophet). It is best to fast on the previous or the following day after it according to the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in order not to coincide with the practice of the Jews. If fast is observed on the three days, this would be more perfect, according to Ibn Al-Qayyim’s Zaad Al-Ma`aad… read more here.
Question: What is the story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?
Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Al-Madeenah after his Hijrah (the Prophet’s migration to Al-Madeenah), he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) of the Day of `Aashooraa’… read more here.
Question: I observe Sawm for three days every month. One month, I felt ill. Therefore, I could not observe Sawm (Fast). Do I have to make up or expiate for them?
Answer: There is no making up for the missed days of supererogatory Sawm even if a person missed them willingly. But it is better for the Muslim to continue doing good deeds according to the Saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The deed liked most by Allaah is one to which the doer adheres constantly even if it is small. So you do not have to make up or expiate for your missed supererogatory Sawm… read more here.
Question: What is obligatory for a Muslim to do on the Day of ‘Aashoora’ (10th of Muharram)? Should they pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on that day?
Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to observe Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Aashoora’. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered his Sahaabah (Companions) to observe Sawm on that day. However, when the Sawm of Ramadaan was enjoined, it became permissible either to fast or not to fast on the Day of ‘Aashooraa’. There is no Zakaat-ul-Fitr due on the Day of ‘Aashooraa’, similar to that paid after Ramadan on the Day of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast)… read more here.