Doubting the number of the missed days of fast a woman did not make up for

Question: A woman says: “I gave birth to a daughter in Ramadaan after only four days of fast. I broke the fast for the rest of that month, but I cannot remember how many days I made up for because I did not make up for them consecutively. I am almost certain that I did make up for all of them. What is the ruling in this case? Please give me a detailed answer. May Allaah grant you success.”

Answer: If a woman is not certain how many missed days of fast she made up, she must resolve this problem by trying to find out how many days of fast she missed and then make up for them. If she delayed making up for the missed days of fast until the following Ramadaan without having a valid excuse, she is to make up for them as well as give out food to a Miskeen (a needy person) for each delayed missed day of fast the equivalent of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, such as dates, wheat, or rice… read more here.

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Delay in making up for the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee excuse entails only making up for these days

Question: What is the ruling on a woman that broke her fasting in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse but could not make up for it before the following Ramadaan? She broke her fast the next Ramadaan due to severe illness and she recovered afterward. Then, she started to make up the missed days of fasting of the first Ramadaan, bought bread, and distributed it among her neighbors. Does this suffice the missed days of fasting?

Answer: If her delay in making up for the missed days of fasting until the next Ramadaan was due to a valid excuse, then she must only make up for the missed days, and does not have to give out food. But if the delay was due to an invalid excuse (not Islaamically lawful), she has to make up for the missed days of fasting and give out food for each day the amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country. She should also make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah, Glorified be He)… read more here.

A woman’s ignorance of the ruling on making up for the missed days of fasting, but after knowing, she started to fast the White Days

Question: My mother is about 65 years old. Since she started her monthly period until she reached menopause, she did not know the ruling on making up for missed days of fasting on which she had her monthly period and so on until she reached menopause. She has not made up her missed days of fasting. The average duration of her monthly period was four days. After she learnt that she must make up for her missed days of fasting approximately two years ago, she started to fast three days every month. Therefore, we ask Allaah (Exalted be He) first and then Your Eminence to give us a detailed answer to this question.

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fasting in Ramadaan starting from the time she reached puberty. In addition, she must also feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for each day she missed which she delayed from one Ramadaan to another if she is able to do this… read more here.

Becoming pubescent and not making up for fast due to ignorance of its obligation

Question: I started my monthly period when I was 12 years old and did not know at the time that I had to make up for the number of fasting days on which I had my monthly period. But even on the days on which I did not have my monthly period, I did not fast, since I did not know that fasting was obligatory on me. What is your advice for me? I want to rest my conscience as I always feel that I neglected a duty.

Answer: You must make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and make up for the missed days of fasting since you started your monthly period, which is a sign of puberty. Moreover, you must feed a Miskeen (a needy person) with half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) for each delayed missed day of fasting… read more here.

Missing fast on some days during several years without making up for them

Question: My mother is about 60 years old. She got married when she was 17 years old. She broke her fast during the first four years after fasting had become obligatory on her, mainly when she was 16, 17, 18, and 19 years old. She is sure that she broke her fast for two days when she was 16 years old, but is unsure whether she fasted the rest of the month. However, she is certain that she broke her fast on some days of the month. When she was 17 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month of Ramadaan; when she was 18 years old, she broke her fast on 24 days and only fasted the first six days of the month because she was breastfeeding. When she was 19 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month.

My question is: What must she do now? Please note that she started to make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts when she was 19 years old only 17 days ago. If there is a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) that she can pay, is it permissible that she pay it to her orphaned children? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Your mother must make up for the number of days on which she broke her fast during the months of Ramadaan and feed a Miskeen (poor person) half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country such as rice, dates, or wheat for each missed day of fast if she has can. If she delayed making up for the missed days due to a valid excuse, she is not required to feed the poor, but only to make up her missed days of fast… read more here.

A person was forced to break their Sawm during Ramadaan and forgot

Question: What is the ruling on a person who was forced to break their Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan and forgot to make up for that day, but remembered after about four years? What should they do in such a case?

Answer:  Whoever breaks their Sawm during Ramadan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse has to make up for the days missed even if many years have passed. If this delay was not for a Shar`ee excuse, the person in question has to feed a needy person for each day missed an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice, or any of the staple food of the country… read more here.

Breaking Sawm in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee excuse and breaking its compensatory Sawm before Thuhr Salaah due to ignorance

Question: I broke my Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. When I was making up for that day, I broke my Sawm again before the Thuhr (noon) Prayer as I was ignorant about the ruling. What should I do in such a case? And is there any Kaffaarah (expiation) due?

Answer: You have to make up for the day which you failed to complete while observing Sawm. If you delay making up for it until the next Ramadaan without a Shar`ee excuse, you have to feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country, along with making up for it… read more here.

Breaking compensatory Sawm, thinking it is the same as voluntary Sawm

Question: I did not observe Sawm (Fast) on one of the days of Ramadaan because of an illness. Afterwards, I made up for that day, but at ten o’clock in the morning on that day, some guests visited me at home and I broke my Sawm, as I thought that compensatory Sawm carries the same ruling as voluntary Sawm. Then, in a religious session I heard that I was mistaken for doing so, and the preacher told me to ask Your Eminence. I hope to know the ruling on what I have done, and what I should do.

Answer: Whoever commences an obligatory Sawm like making up for a missed day of Ramadaan or any other obligatory Sawm like that for vowing or for an oath is forbidden to break their Sawm without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, because when one commences an obligatory Sawm, he has to complete it unless he has a Shar`ee excuse… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband while making up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan

Question: A woman had her menstrual period during Ramadaan. After Ramadaan ended, she made up for the days she missed because of the menstrual period, and her husband had intercourse with her while she was observing Sawm (Fast) one of these missed days. What should she do if she was forced and if she was not?

Answer: The woman who, invalidated her Sawm by having intercourse with her husband when she was making up for one of the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan, has to make up for that day. In addition, she has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) as it is impermissible for her to break her Sawm… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband during the daytime in Ramadaan while menstruating and about to take Ghusl

Question: A woman had sexual intercourse with her husband during the daytime of Ramadaan, and it was during her menstruation. She was expecting to take the after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on that day upon the termination of her period. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on both of them to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation)? I hope that you will explain all the Kaffaarahs due in this regard to me.

Answer: According to Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars), having sexual intercourse with a menstruating wife is forbidden. Whoever does so intentionally, is aware of the prohibition, and knows that his wife is in her menstruation commits a prohibited deed which is one of the major sins. In such a case, he has to show sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and give out one or half a Dinar as a Kaffaarah for that. Evidences are explicit in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) on the strict prohibition of such a deed… read more here.

Not making up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan due to menstruation and not knowing their number

Question: A woman says that she fasted the month of Ramadaan since it has been due on her, but she has not made up for the days she did not fast in her monthly periods. Now she does not know the number of days she missed and asks what she should do.

Answer: This woman must make up for the days she did not fast from the previous months of Ramadaan and feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country for each fasting day she missed as expiation for delaying the making up of these days until another Ramadan came… read more here.

Feeding the poor as a Kaffaarah should extend for sixty days

Question: Is the obligation of feeding sixty poor people discharged when the total amount – enough for sixty people – is given in one container to one family provider?

Answer: Feeding poor people can take the form of giving each poor person half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.), which equals approximately 1.5 kg, of a staple foodstuff. However, it will discharge the obligation to gather the aggregate number of poor people and offer them lunch or dinner according to the correct opinion maintained by scholars… read more here.

Should the Kaffaarah for the missed day of Sawm be feeding a Miskeen for an entire day or just one meal?

Question: How should I feed? Should I feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for an entire day, that is, from the morning to the evening, or just one meal?

Answer: It suffices to give every one of the sixty Miskeens 1/2 Saa`, (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food eaten by your family… read more here.

Permanent suffering from an illness before Ramadaan until death

Question: My sister’s husband suffered from cancer, may Allaah protect us and you from it, and underwent surgery. In that year 1411 A.H., he became very sick before, during, and after Ramadaan. He died after Ramadaan, may Allaah admit him to Paradise. He did not fast the Ramadaan of that year.

The question is: How much Kaffaarah (expiation) should be paid for a missed day? Is it a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.), more, or less? Is it permissible to give rice instead of wheat? Is it permissible to give only wheat?

Should the Kaffaarah be paid all at once on one day or day by day? We would like to know the answer to this question. It should be known that his wife, my sister, will pay this Kaffaarah. He had young children and two wives, my sister and her co-wife who is from our tribe. He also was burdened with debts.

Answer: If your sister’s husband continued to suffer from this illness before Ramadaan until his death, you have not to make up for the missed days of fast or to pay Kaffaarah. He is exempted from fast during Ramadaan due to illness, and because he could not fast after Ramadaan due to the continuation of his disease until death..read more here.

Sawm of a diabetic and tuberculosis patient

Question: My mother is 66 years old. For the last seven years she suffered from diabetes, and since she was diagnosed, she has continued to receive treatment for her condition. Also, in 1398 A.H she came down with tuberculosis and I took her to Kuwait in search of treatment. She remained hospitalized at the Thoracic Disease Hospital in 1399-1400 A.H. where she was treated for two years until her condition improved relatively speaking. Since she left the hospital she has been living at my home and she is still being treated for these two conditions and must visit the hospital every week. She also suffers from general physical weakness due to her old age and these incurable diseases. She cannot fast at the present time as she has to drink at least one cup of water every two hours.

Likewise, she did not fast the last two years while she was in the hospital according to the advice of her physicians. Next Ramadaan is coming soon and we would like to know, may Allaah reward you well, what should be done concerning the days of fasting that she missed the last two years and also regarding the fasting of next Ramadaan that she cannot perform. May Allaah grant you success and forgive you! Peace be upon you!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned regarding your mother’s illness,then she is allowed to give up fasting during the month of Ramadaan as long as she remains in this condition. If she recovers and is able to make up for the missed days, she should do so by fasting... read more here.

Sawm of a diabetic person

Question: I got married in 1477 A.H. I have ten children; six sons and four daughters. My wife, all praise be to Allaah, is righteous and fears Allah (Exalted be He). Since we have been married, she has been committed to her religion and consistently performed the five obligatory daily Prayers and observed Sawm (Fast) of the month of Ramadaan. I never saw her lazy in performing Salah or observing Sawm during the blessed month of Ramadaan. When she breaks her Sawm because of menstruation, she immediately makes up for the days of Sawm she missed; five days after the end of Ramadaan. However, she has been suffering from diabetes for one year. It was so severe on her to the extent that she fell into a state of unconsciousness and was hospitalized. After several months, she recovered, but she is still suffering from diabetes. Physicians told us that there is no cure for this disease.

During the month of Ramadaan in 1398 A.H., she gave birth to a male baby on the first day of Ramadaan. After the end of the forty days of postpartum period, she tried to make up for the month of Sawm she had missed. She observed Sawm till midday, but she again suffered from vertigo and could notstand up. Thus, she broke her Sawm. After eating and drinking water, she felt better and the dizziness disappeared. A few days later, she suffered vertigo again at midday when she tried to observe Sawm and thus, once more broke her Sawm. She cried out of fear of Allaah (Exalted be He) lest the following Ramadaan should come while she is still in this state. She asked me to inform Your Eminence about her condition. She will try, In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills), to observe Sawm. What should she do if she suffers vertigo due to observing Sawm? What should I, as her husband, do in this case for the sake of pleasing Allaah (Exalted be He)?

I hope you will guide us to the truth. May Allaah guide you to what pleases Him, grant you success and make Paradise your abode.

Answer: If the reality is as you have mentioned with regard to the continuity of her illness and her inability to make up for the days of Sawm she missed, there will be no harm to delay making up for these days till she is able to perform them even if another Ramadaan passes... read more here.

A diabetic person who is negatively affected by fasting

Question: I suffer from diabetes. Observing Sawm (Fast) affects my health badly. I am seventy two years old. I usually forget in my Salaah (Prayer) and I think this is the result of diabetes.

Answer: If you come to know, through experience, that observing Sawm aggravates your disease or delays your recovery or if your well-versed Muslim physician informs you that observing Sawm causes you harm, you are permitted to break your Sawm. Then, you can, after recovery, make up for the days of Sawm you have missed. But if your disease continues, Allaah forbids, and you are not able to make up for these days or think mostly that you will not recover, you have to feed a needy person half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, dates, rice or the like of the food you usually feed your family for every day of Sawm you have missed... read more here.

Sawm of a patient with one sick kidney

Question: My wife underwent an operation before the month of Ramadaan. Because of the operation, she was unable to fast (she had one kidney removed and stones removed from the other kidney). Her physician advised her not to fast for the rest of her life. Thus, we would like to know the religious ruling regarding the expiation for the missed days of fasting.

How should I go about feeding sixty needy persons if this is the expiation that has been ordained? Are we supposed to expiate as long as physicians forbid her from fasting out of fear for her life? Are we supposed to expiate for every year that the doctors believe she should not fast? Are we permitted to pay the expiation in cash? If it is permissible to pay it in cash, then how much should we pay? Am I required to buy grain and distribute it among the needy or should I go to the Sacred Mosque and distribute money among the needy there, as I may not find sixty needy persons here? Please enlighten us, may Allaah reward you well!

Answer: If a reliable Muslim physician has advised her that fasting is harmful to her health, then she should not fast. Instead, she should pay the expiation for each day that she does not fast during the month of Ramadaan by feeding one needy person. Each person should be given half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg Approx.) of wheat, rice, dates or other such foodstuffs eaten in her country. The expiation should not be paid in cash... read more here.

Non-observance of Sawm by someone whom fasting may harm

Question: I suffer from kidney disease. One of my sons donated one of his kidneys to me and the physician who performed the operation advised me not to fast during the month of Ramadaan. The operation was performed only recently, and the physician told me that fasting will endanger my life due to my dire need for water, because this is a newly transferred kidney. I ask Allaah to guide me and I ask your Eminence to tell me what should I do concerning the missed days of fasting? Am I supposed to make up for these days or should I pay charity as I can not fast while in such a state? May Allaah protect and save you!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, then you are allowed to break your fast for as long as fasting causes you hardship. You have to make up for the days of fasting you missed during the month of Ramadaan whenever you are able to do so, even if after one year or more. If you are not likely to recover and to be able to fast in the future, then you should feed a needy person for every day of fasting that you missed during the month of Ramadaan. You should give each person one half Sa` (1 Saa`=3 kg Approx.) of rice, wheat or the like of other foodstuffs like that which you feed your family. In this case, you are not required to make up for these days of missed fasting... read more here.

Paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of both one’s married son and the latter’s household

Question 23: I am a married person and have children. I live with my father in his home; is it permissible for my father to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on behalf of me and my children?

Answer: If your father pays Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of you, your children and wife, there is nothing wrong with this and it will suffice you for the obligation of paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr. However, if you pay it from your money on behalf of yourself and your dependants, this is better because it is you who should do so... read more here.

Ruling on authorizing a Kaafir to distribute Zakaat-ul-Fitr

Question 22: Some Christians live in our village, and unfortunately some Muslims believe that the Christians are trustworthy so they deposit their trusts with them and not with the Muslims. A Muslim once gave a Christian Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) and charged him to distribute it among the poor. Is this permissible? Will this Zakaah be accepted from this Muslim?

Answer: It is not permissible to authorize a Kaafir (non-Muslim) to distribute Zakaat-ul-Fitr for he is not entrusted matters related to religion. Thus, the obligation will not be discharged except after the person on whom Zakaat-ul-Fitr is obligatory pays a substitute for it... read more here.

Transferring Zakaat-ul-Fitr to a country other than that wherein the Zakaah payer lives

Question 21: With regard to Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) in Europe and the United States; is it permissible to collect it and then send it to the Mujaahids (ones fighting in the Cause of Allaah) in some Islaamic countries? Some people claim that this is not permissible and that it should be paid in cereals and distributed among the needy who are not found in the countries where we are, while the Mujaahids are in dire need of it.

Answer: Zakaat-ul-Fitr is obligatory on every Muslim who witnesses sunset on the last day of Ramadaan. It is permissible to pay it one or two days before `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). However, it is Mustahab (desirable) to pay it on the `Eed-ul-Fitr day before offering Salaat-ul-`Eed (the Festival Prayer), for this is what the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did. Collecting Zakaat-ul-Fitr from the beginning of Ramadaan is contrary to the Sunnah (whatever reported from the Prophet) and the action of the Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them), so it is not permissible to ask people to pay it before its due time... read more here.

The deadline for paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr

Question 20: At the end of the blessed month of Ramadaan 1416 A.H., I did not give Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) that was due on me and my family, as I had work which distracted me from giving it. Actually, I have decided to give it along with this year’s. Is it permissible to do so?

Answer: Zakaat-ul-Fitr becomes obligatory starting from sunset on the night preceding `Eed-ul-Fitr until before Salaat-ul-`Eed (the Festival Prayer). Anyone who delays it beyond its due time without an excuse shall be considered sinful and should still make up for it. However, it will then be regarded as a sort of Sadaqah (voluntary charity) according to the Hadeeth reported on the authority of Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father): Anyone who gives it out before Salaat-ul-`Eed, it will be accepted as Zakaah. If anyone gives it after Salaat-ul-`Eed, it will be considered Sadaqah. (Related by ‘Aboo Daawood in his Sunan (v. 2, p. 262-263 Hadeeth no. 1609), Ibn Maajah, Al-Daaraqootnee and Al-Haakim have related this Hadeeth with a similar wording)... read more here.

Paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of a Kaafir

Question 19: Is it permissible to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on behalf of the Kaafir (non-Muslim) whom I am acting for?

Answer: It is not permissible for you to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of a Kaafir, for there is an absence of Islaam which is the principal condition for the validity of his action. Zakaat-ul-Fitr is a financial act of `Ibaadah (worship). This kind of `Ibaadah cannot be done on behalf of others except after having their permission if they are Mukallafs (persons meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) and a Kaafir’s intention is not valid. Moreover, if it is not valid due to his Kufr (disbelief), it is not permissible to act on his behalf... read more here.

Buying items on the first days of Ramadaan and distributing it to the poor at the end of the month

Question 18: Is it permissible for the committees of Zakaah (obligatory charity) to buy the items to be given as Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on the first day of the month of Ramadaan and distribute it to the poor at the end of the month, given that the donors have not yet made the intention of giving Zakaah? So, is it permissible to give it before making the intention to do so?

Answer: The time of giving Zakaat-ul-Fitr is after seeing the crescent of the month of Shawwaal until before Salaat-ul-`Eed (the Festival Prayer). However, it is permissible to give it one or two days before seeing the crescent but no more. The Zakaah payer should give it to its deserving recipients on his or her behalf and on behalf of those he or she provides for. One can also authorize an honest person to give it on their behalf at the due time, for it is an obligation that one must fulfill. So, one is not permitted to make light of it or depend on organizations that do not pay due attention to it… read more here.

Paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr after its due time

Question 17: All Praise be to Allaah alone, and peace and blessings be upon the last of the Prophets. To proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ have readthe question submitted to the Grand Muftee (Islamic scholar qualified to issue legal opinions) from Al-Bir Society in Al-`Urayja’ suburb, a question which has been referred to the committee by the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars no. (6115) on Shawwal 20, 1419 A.H. The question reads as follows:

Charitable organizations, authorized by the poor, collect Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) from the benefactors in behalf of the poor but they distribute it few days after the `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). What is the ruling in this case?

Answer:  Having reviewed the question, the committee answered that it is not permissible to delay giving Zakaat-ul-Fitr beyond Salaat-ul-`Eed (the Festival Prayer), unless its deserving recipients authorized someone to take it at its due time in their behalf, in which case the reception of the authorized agent at its due time is the same as if the authorizing persons received it themselves… read more here.

Where Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be paid?

Question 16: I am a resident of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and I want to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity) or Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast); is it permissible to pay it here on behalf of myself and my family or should my family pay it on behalf of me and themselves in their country; or should each of them pay it in the country where they live?

Answer:  Every person should pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr in the place where he resides until sunset of the last day of Ramadaan. The person in question who is a resident of the Kingdom should pay his Zakaat-ul-Fitr in Saudi Arabia, while his family should pay their Zakaat-ul-Fitr in their country. This is the best. However, there is nothing wrong if the person pays Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of his family in the country where he resides, since his family is his dependants. Concerning Zakaah on property, the principal ruling is that it should be paid in the place where the money is raised. However, if it is necessary to transfer it to a poorer area where people are in more need of it, it is permissible to do so… read more here.

Ruling on Zakaat-ul-Fitr for a man who died before the sunset of the last day of Ramadaan

Question 15: A man died before sunset of the last day of Ramadaan and another died after sunset; on whom is it obligatory to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast)?

Answer: Zakaat-ul-Fitr is not obligatory on anyone who dies before sunset on the night preceding `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast), as it becomes obligatory only after sunset of the last night of Ramadaan and the man in question died before the set time of Zakaat-ul-Fitr. On the other hand, Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be paid on behalf of the person who died after sunset, for it became obligatory on him as he died in the set time of Zakaat-ul-Fitr… read more here.

The Eight deserving recipients of Zakaat-ul-Fitr

Question 14: Sometimes we give out the soul-purifying Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) to the Fuqaha` (Muslim jurists) following this Madh-hab (School of jurisprudence), and at other times to the needy.

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) has enjoined one sort of Zakaah (obligatory charity) to be taken from the wealthy whose property has reached the Nisaab (the minimum account on which Zakaah is due) or more. This Zakaah is taken from the wealthy to be given to the poor and the rest of the eight deserving recipients of Zakaah whom Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) has specified in Soorah Al-Tawbah, saying: Al-Sadaqaat (here it means Zakaah) are only for the Fuqaraa’ (poor), and the Masaakeen (needy) and those employed to collect (the funds), and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islaam), and to free the captives, and for those in debt, and for Allaah’s Cause, and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allaah. And Allaah is All-Knower, All-Wise. So, if a Muslim has given their Zakaah to any of these categories or to the ruler, they shall have fulfilled their duty. A Muslim is also permitted to give some of their Zakaah to the ruler and the rest to some of these categories, unless the ruler demands it all. However, it is Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) and groundless to enjoin the wealthy to give the Zakaah twice: once to the ruler and again to any given person like a Faqeeh (Muslim jurist). This is an unjust act that must be avoided. I have been informed that some people assign an amount of money to be taken from their wealth as a due obligation for the benefit of some shaykh belonging to a Sufi order. The amount assigned is one-fifth of one’s wealth, and such shaykhs say: This is the fifth of the booty due on people. Also, they regard the properties of Shee`ah (Shi’ites) as Ghaneemah (war-booty). Actually all these obligations are void and have nothing to do with the pure Sharee`ah (Islaamic law). As for the one-fifth which Allaah (Exalted be He) has mentioned in the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) that reads: And know that whatever of war-booty that you may gain, verily one-fifth (1/5th) of it is assigned to Allaah, and to the Messenger, and to the near relatives [of the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم)], (and also) the orphans, Al-Masaakeen (the poor) and the wayfarerit refers to a one-fifth of the properties Muslims take from the Kaafirs (disbelievers) as a Ghaneemah after defeating them… read more here.

Manner of determining the due measure of Zakaat-ul-Fitr (Saa`)

Question 13: Rice is the most common food used in our land. We use the prophetic Mudd (a dry measure of half bushel, 543 grams) for measuring, which legally suffices for one person. After that, we measure the bag of rice and draw our measure on this basis. We determine the number of Mudds that each bag contains and give Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) according to this basis. What is the legal ruling on this work? Is it permissible or not?

Answer: The value of the Prophetic Saa` is 3 kilograms approximately, so everyone should give this amount, i.e., 3 kilograms, as the obligatory charity paid before `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). Now that you know the amount that should be paid by each person, you can calculate the amount required from a number of people… read more here.

Paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr using a bag with a label showing its weight without ensuring the written weight

Question 12:  If for paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) to a specific person, one takes a bag of rice with a label showing that the weight of the bag is 40 or 45 kilograms according to the measure of the producing company. Thus, it is taken without emptying and measuring it by means of Saa`, according to which every 3 kilograms are regarded as one Saa`. In case the weight of the bag is less than the required amount, one will add to it, but if it is more, it will be Sadaqah (voluntary charity). Is this permissible?

Answer: It is necessary to be sure of the measure of the bag, which one will give as Zakaat-ul-Fitr. It is not sufficient to depend on the label written on the bag or the random estimation that it equals such and such amount, because it may be of a lesser amount, thus one is not fully clear from the obligation of Zakaat-ul-Fitr… read more here.

The amount of food to be paid as Zakaatul-Fitr

Question 11:  What is the amount of Zakaatul-fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) in kilogram? I have given out an amount of ten kilograms of rice on behalf of four members of my family, but later I doubted and asked about the amount due on every single individual and was told that it is 2.25 kg.

I hope Your Eminence would inform me of the amount in kilograms, and what should I do if the amount I gave out fell short of the due amount? Please give us Fatwaa. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: The amount of Zakaatul-Fitr which is due on every individual is about 3 kilograms of rice or other staple foodstuffs of the region where one lives. Accordingly, the questioner should make up for the incomplete amounts remaining as due Zakaatul-Fitr on behalf of those four persons… read more here.

Paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr; the value and measure of the Saa’

Question 10:  What is the real value of the Saa` mentioned in the Prophetic Hadeeth relevant to Zakaatul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast)?

Answer: Zakaatul-Fitr must be paid of the staple food and it is not acceptable to pay the value. The amount of the Saa` is 3 kilograms approximately… read more here.