Celebrating occasions such as the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) and the 15th night of Sha`baan

Question 218:  Is it permissible to celebrate religious ‘Eeds (festivals), such as the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) or the 15th night of Sha‘baan, as the case may be?

Answer: (a) It is not permissible to celebrate innovated ‘Eeds.

(b) The Sunnah prescribed only two ‘Eeds in Islaam, i.e. ‘Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) and ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). During these two ‘Eeds, it is prescribed for Muslims to rejoice, show happiness, and perform the rituals that Allaah (Glorified be He) has ordained during them, such as Salaat-ul-‘Eed (the Festival Prayer) and the like. But it is unlawful to practice any Haraam (prohibited) matters.

(c) It is not permissible to celebrate the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or that of any other person. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) did not celebrate his birthday nor did he enjoin Muslims to do so. Likewise, the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and neither did the Salaf (righteous predecessors) in the three best generations of Islaam. Indeed, all goodness lies in following their way.

(d) Celebrating the 15th night of Sha‘baan is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) and so is the celebration of the 27th night of Rajab, which some peoplecall the Night of Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven). Allaah is the One sought for help… read more here.

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Slaughtering an animal at a specific date and time every year as an act of the Sunnah

Question 217: What is the ruling on sacrificing an animal at a specific date and time every year? Many people believe that slaughtering on the 27th of Rajab, 6th of Safar, 15th of Shawwaal, and 10th of Muharram is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship) and Qurbah (a good deed by which Allaah’s Pleasure is sought). Are these acts valid? Are they acts of Sunnah or Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion) that contradict Islaam and anyone who does them will not be rewarded in return?

Answer: All acts of ‘Ibaadah and Qurbah that draw a Muslim close to Allaah are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). There is no textual proof from the Qur’aan or the authentic Sunnah that dictates a particular sacrifice on the mentioned days of these months. The Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them) did not do so either. Therefore, this falls under Bidd‘ah. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. (Related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)... read more here.