Moving from one country to another where the beginning and end of Ramadaan are different

Question: A citizen called Khuwaylid Al-Jada`y Al-Matiry submitted the following question: On the eve of the thirtieth of Sha‘baan this year, he was in Kuwait when the radio of Kuwait announced their confirmed sighting of the crescent moon of Ramadaan on Tuesday night which, according to the calendar of Umm Al-Qura, would fall on the thirtieth of Sha‘baan. Shortly after he heard on the radio the announcement broadcasted on the radio of Riyadh on the authority of the Higher Judiciary Council that the crescent moon of Ramadaan was not sighted by them on the Tuesday night corresponding to the thirtieth of Sha‘baan according to the calendar of Umm Al-Qura. Accordingly, he, as well as the people of the country where he was present during the sighting of the crescent observed Sawm. After a couple of days, he came back to Saudi Arabia where Ramadaan had begun one day later and the people had been fasting for two days, whereas he had been fasting for three. This may cause a problem for him at the end of the month if Ramadaan completes thirty days.Is he obliged to fast with the people in Saudi Arabia or to stop fasting when Kuwait announces on the thirtieth of Ramadaan that sighting the crescent of Shawwaal is confirmed? The questioner thinks that the moon sighting announced on the radio of Riyadh is more correct and says that he fasted with the people of Kuwait only out of appreciating the sanctity of time. Please clarify this matter!

Answer: If a person finds himself in a country where people have already started fasting, he must fast with them, because under such a situation the person present in another country will come under the same ruling as its own citizens. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Sawm (Fasting, i.e. beginning of Ramadaan) is the day when you fast; Fitr (Breaking the Fast, i.e. end of Ramadaan) is the day when you end the fast, and Al-Adhaa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) is the day when you sacrifice. (Reported by  ‘Aboo Daawood with an authentic Sanad [chain of narrators]; there are supporting reports for it narrated by ‘Aboo Daawood and others)… read more here.

Giving Zakaat-ul-Fitr to charitable societies

Question: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has examined the Fatwaa request submitted to His Eminence the Chairman by the Chairman of the Board of Al-Bir Society in Jeddah stating:

Al-Bir Society in Jeddah, registered at the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs under no. 62 dated 6/3/1404 A.H., practices some social services; the most important thereof are the following:

1- Maintaining orphans, children of unknown parents and children of special circumstances as those whose mothers are jailed or suffering from a mental illness or a chronic disease. Maintenance includes both genders, males and females, and is a complete educational integrated lodging.

2- Maintaining needy families through presenting cash and study aids after a thorough investigation performed by experienced or qualified male and female researchers on scientific objective basis. This is followed by continuous observation from time to time to monitor and take care of positive or negative changes that may happen to beneficiary families.

The society currently cares for around 200 children and more than 600 families. It also offers school aids to about 1000 male and female students. Moreover, in case the resources of the society improve, it is expected (Allaah willing) that its new orphanage maintains 500 children and the families receiving assistance increase. The same also applies to school aids. The society gets its resources from payments of Zakaah (obligatory charity), endowments, donations and wills in addition to member subscriptions.The society considered collecting Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) whether its payments is directly foodstuff or turned into foodstuff by the society on behalf of those who pay it in cash – after the pattern of the meats given as Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims) and Fidyah (ransom) – before the Prayer of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). Is it permissible for the society to distribute such foodstuff eventually in accordance with the need of its maintained beneficiaries? We wish that your Eminence will issue your Fatwaa in this regard so that we may proceed in this charitable enterprise.

The Committee replied as follows:

The society must distribute Zakaat-ul-Fitr to its deserving recipients before the ‘Eed Prayer. It is impermissible to delay paying it after such a time limit as the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered it to be given to the poor before the ‘Eed Prayer… read more here.

Deserving recipients of Zakaat-ul-Fitr

Question:  In marketplaces, some men, whose religious commitment is unknown to us, ask us for Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast). There are others with a reasonable standard of living who spend whatever Zakaah (obligatory charity) they receive on their children. There are others who receive a monthly salary, but are not very religious. Can Zakaah be paid to these categories?

Answer: Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be paid to poor Muslims even if they are sinners as long as their sins are not so grave that they may drive them out of the fold of Islaam. A poor person who deserves Zakaat-ul-Fitr is the one whose apparent status indicates so, even if they are actually rich. However, the person paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr should seek out good poor people as much as possible. If it turns out later that the person who took it is actually rich, it will not affect the payer of Zakaah; rather, it will serve to discharge the obligation on their part, praise be to Allaah… read more here.

Ruling on Zakaat-ul-Fitr

Question: Is it an authentic Hadeeth that says: “The Sawm (Fasting) of Ramadaan is not raised (to Allaah) until Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) is paid”? Is Zakaat-ul-Fitr obligatory on a fasting Muslim who is needy and does not have the Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due) based on the authenticity of the previous Hadeeth or other Islaamic textual evidence authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Zakaat-ul-Fitr is obligatory on every Muslim who should be self-supporting if he has one Saa‘ (1 Saa‘ = 3 kg) or more in excess of his and his family’s need on the day and night of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). This is based on the Hadeeth authentically reported on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) enjoined the payment of one Saa‘ of dates or one Saa‘ of barley as Zakaat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people go out to offer ‘Eed Prayer. (Related by both Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim and the wording is that of Al-Bukhaaree)… read more here.

Must a Khatmah be finished during Taraaaweeeh Prayers?

Question: I am a senior student in one of the Egyptian universities. Usually students are overburdened with studies during Ramadaan, since the final exams are immediately after that month.We have lots of studying to do during Ramadaan and this deprives us from doing as much good deeds as we can, as we are commanded to. We wish to always recite the Qur’aan and finish a Khatmah (one complete reading of the whole Qur’aan) during the Taraaaweeeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan). However, we pray in a nearby Masjid (mosque) where the Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) recites short Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) and finishes prayer early. Deep inside, I wish the Imaam could complete the recitation of the whole Qur’aan during the Taraaaweeeh like in other Masjids, yet, again, there is not much time to study. Please answer me and may Allaah benefit you! Will I bear a sin for that? Note that I offer the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers at their due times and fast perfectly.

Answer: Taraaaweeeh Prayer is a stressed Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) and it is necessary to feel calm and tranquil while performing its recitation, standing, bowing, prostration and the rest of its Rukn (integral parts). It is not Waajib (obligatory) to complete one reading of the whole Qur’aan during Taraaaweeeh… read more here.

Time of beginning I‘tikaaf in the Masjid

Question: When someone wants to observe I‘tikaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) during the last ten days of Ramadan, what is the time of beginning I‘tikaf in the Masjid and the time of ending it?

Answer: Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim (may Allaah be merciful to them) narrated on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that when the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) decided to observe I‘tikaaf, he used to offer the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer then go to his place of I‘tikaaf. The period of I‘tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadaan ends with the setting of the sun of the last day of the month… read more here.

Conditions of I‘tikaaf

Question: What are the conditions of I‘tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid)? Is Sawm (Fasting) a condition of I‘tikaaf? Is it permissible for a Mu‘takif (one who observes I‘tikaaf) to visit a sick person, accept an invitation, tend to his family’s needs, attend a funeral, or go to work?

Answer: It is prescribed to observe I‘tikaaf in a Masjid (Mosque) in which congregational prayers are held. If the Mu‘takif is one of those for whom Jumu‘ah (Friday) Prayer is obligatory and the period of his I‘tikaaf will include a Friday, it is better for him to stay in a Masjid where Jumu‘ah Prayer is observed. It is not a condition for the Mu‘takif to be fasting. According to the Sunnah (acts, sayings or approvals of the Prophet), the Mu‘takif should not visit the sick during his I‘tikaaf, accept any invitation,tend to his family’s needs, attend any funeral, or go to work outside the Masjid, because it was authentically reported that `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: The Sunnah for the Mu‘takif is not to visit a patient, attend a funeral, touch or be intimate with his wife, or go out for anything unless it is an absolute must.read more here.

Saying: An equal number of Rak‘ahs of Taraaaweeeh should be adhered to from the beginning to the end of Ramadaan

Question: During the first twenty days of Ramadaan, we are used to offering eleven Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) of Tarawih (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan). In the last ten days, we offer ten Rak‘ahs at the beginning of the night and ten Rak‘ahs at the end of it, then we pray three units of Witr, so that the total becomes twenty-three Rak‘ahs. A knowledge seeker claimed that differentiation in the number of Rak‘ahs between the first twenty days and the last ten days is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), and that the original ruling is complete equality in their number in all days throughout the whole month. He claimed that if we want to offer eleven Rak‘ahs at the beginning of the month, we should do the same at its end. If we want to offer twenty-three Rak‘ahs in the end of the month, we should do the same at the beginning. He also claimed that it is a Bid‘ah to differentiate between Salaah (Prayer) in the beginning and the end of the night in the last ten days, as we offer ten short Rak‘ahs in the beginning of the night and call them Taraaaweeeh, and ten long Rak‘ahs at the end of the night and call them Qiyaam-ul-Layl (optional Night Prayer). Please advise, may Allaah benefit people by your knowledge and raise your rank.

Answer: Taraaaweeh Prayer offered in Ramadaan is a stressed Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) performed by the Prophet (peace be upon him) who led his Sahaabah (Companions) in offering it for many nights, and then he discontinued it lest that it should become obligatory on them. His Sahaabah did it after his death (peace be upon him), and it is still offered to the present day… read more here.

Seeking out Laylat-ul-Qadr and the way to spend this night

Question: How to spend Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) in worship; is it by offering Salaah (Prayer), reciting the Qur’aan, reading the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography),listening to lectures and lessons, or celebrating it in the Masjid (Mosque)?

Answer: First, The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to be exceptionally diligent in his worship during the last ten days of Ramadaan, more so than at any other time; praying, reciting the Qur’aan and supplicating. It was reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased upon her) that when the last ten (nights of Ramadaan) began, the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) would stay up the night, wake his family (for prayer) and tighten his Izaar (i.e. exert himself in worship and abstain from conjugal intercourse). Ahmad and Muslim reported: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to strive hard in worship during the last ten days of Ramadaan as he never did at any other time.read more here.

Definition of I‘tikaaf and its purpose

Question: What is the ruling on I‘tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid)? What is its Shar’ee (Islaamic legal) definition? Does it include sleeping and eating in the Masjid (mosque)? Is doing so permissible?

Answer: Undoubtedly, I‘tikaaf is an act of worship that brings the person closer to Allaah (Exalted be He). It is better to perform it in Ramadaan than in any other month. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And do not have sexual relations with them (your wives) while you are in I‘tikaaf (i.e. confining oneself in a mosque for prayers and invocations leaving the worldly activities) in the mosques. The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to observe I‘tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadaan. Once he did not observe I‘tikaaf (during that month) and did it instead in the month of Shawwaal. The purpose of I‘tikaaf is to devote oneself to worshipping and staying in seclusion with Allaah (Exalted be He), which is the Shar‘ee seclusion. Some scholars gave the following definition of I‘tikaaf: Cutting all ties with creatures to maintain only ties of worship with the Creator. This means giving up all activities that might divert the person from obeying and worshipping Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Does involuntary vomiting necessitate making up for the day?

Question:  If a fasting person vomits involuntarily during the daytime in Ramadaan, should they make up for that day?

Answer: Involuntary vomiting does not invalidate Sawm (Fasting); therefore, the one who experiences it does not have to make up for the day, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever vomits involuntarily is not required to make up the fast, but whoever vomits deliberately, must make up the missed fast. (Related by Imaam Ahmad and the Compilers of the Sunan [‘Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmidee, Al-Nasaa’ee and Ibn Maajah] through an authentic Isnaad [chain of narrators])… read more here.

Taking pills (Period-delaying pills) to delay menses

Question: I have taken contraceptive pills in Ramadaan. Should I make up for the days during which I did not have my period through the contraceptive effect of the pills and so I observed Sawm (Fasting) and offered Salaah (Prayer) on them with the people? Is there any sin on me for taking these pills?

Answer: It is permissible for a woman to take a medicine to delay her menstrual period, so that she can perform Hajj or ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage), or observe Sawm in Ramadaan, provided that it will result in no harmful effect on her. You do not have to make up for these days in which menstrual bleeding was stopped by the effect of the pills and you observed Sawm with the people… read more here.

Ramadaan: The best time to perform ‘Umrah

Question: Does performing ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) during the months of Hajj have any particular virtue different from performing it in other months?

Answer: The best month to perform ‘Umrah is during Ramadaan, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘Umrah (performed) in Ramadaan is equal to Hajj (in reward). (Agreed upon its authenticity by Imaams Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) According to another narration by Al-Bukhaaree: It is equivalent to performing Hajj with me. According to the narration by Muslim: It is equivalent to Hajj or Hajj performed with me (in reward). This means that it is equivalent to Hajj or (indicative of uncertainty on the part of the Hadeeth narrator) equivalent to Hajj performed with the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Pregnant woman experiencing bleeding during Ramadaan

Question: I was pregnant during the blessed month of Ramadaan. I had a vaginal bleeding on Ramadaan 20th, but I neither ate nor drank, i.e., I kept fasting. During my stay in the hospital I broke my Sawm (Fast) for four days. After Ramadaan I made up for the days of Sawm I missed. Should I make up for them again, bearing in mind that I have not given birth yet? Please advise me, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Your observing Sawm while having vaginal bleeding during pregnancy has no effect on the validity of your Sawm, just like the case of Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). Therefore, your Sawm is valid. Moreover, your making up for the four days you missed during your stay in hospital after Ramadaan discharges the obligation, and you do not have to fast them again… read more here.

Sexual intercourse in the daytime during Ramadaan

Question: On the 14th of Ramadaan, it happened that I was lying on my bed after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and my wife came and stretched out beside me. She started caressing me until we ended up having conjugal intercourse.On a previous day also during Ramadaan we had engaged in foreplay until I ejaculated. What is the ruling on a man having sexual intercourse with his wife or ejaculating during the daytime in Ramadaan? What is the ruling on kissing and engaging in foreplay?

Answer: First, If the reality is as you mentioned, and you intentionally had sexual intercourse with your wife during the daytime in Ramadaan while you were observing Sawm (Fasting), both of you have to make up for that day and perform Kaffaarah (expiation). The Kaffaarah is to free a believing slave, and if this is not possible, you have to observe Sawm for two successive months; any one of you who cannot observe Sawm must feed sixty poor people thirty Sa‘s (1 Sa‘ = 2.172 kg) of wheat, dates, rice, or foodstuffs similar to that which you provide for your own family; giving each poor person half a Sa‘. Second: If the reality is as you mentioned and you engaged in foreplay with your wife during the daytime of Ramadaan while fasting until you ejaculated, you also have to make up for that day. Your wife also has to make up for the day if she experienced ejaculation without having conjugal intercourse… read more here.

Applying perfume while fasting

Question: Is it permissible to wash the body with water and soap during the day of Ramadaan? Does having a wet dream invalidate Sawm (Fast)? Also, does applying perfume invalidate Sawm?

Answer: Firstly: It is permissible for the fasting person to wash their body during the day of Ramadan with water and soap. Secondly: If someone has a wet dream during the day of Ramadaan while fasting, this does not invalidate their Sawm; but they should perform Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity) if Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) is ejaculated. Thirdly: Sawm is not invalidated by applying any kind of perfume during the day of Ramadaan while fasting, but one should not inhale incense or powdered perfumes such as musk… read more here.

Fasting person masturbating

Question: I used to masturbate during the daytime in Ramadaan when I was fourteen and fifteen years old. I do not remember how many days I did that. At that time I was not aware that this is Haraam (prohibited); whether in Ramadaan or at any other time. I even did not realize that this is what is known as the secret habit (masturbation). I would then perform Wudoo’ (ablution) and offer Salaah (Prayer) without Ghusl (full ritual bath) following major ritual impurity. What is the religious ruling on my Salaah and Sawm (Fasting)? Do I have to repeat them, taking into consideration that I do not know how many days that I committed this act? What should I do?

Answer: First, practicing masturbation is Haraam (prohibited) and it is even more sinful during the day in Ramadaan. Second, it is obligatory to make up for the days on which you broke your Sawm because masturbation invalidates Sawm. You should try to estimate how many days this occurred. Third, it is also obligatory to pay Kaffaarah (expiation) which is giving a needy person half a Sa‘ (1 Sa‘ = 2.172 kg) of wheat and the like of the staple food of your area for each day that you missed if you delay making up for it until the next Ramadaan arrives… read more here.

Sawm (fast) in the case of a seriously ill person

Question: I suffered from a serious disease in the last ten days of Ramadaan, 1395 A.H. I broke the Sawm (Fast) for four days in this blessed month because of my sickness. I hoped that I could make up for these days when I restore my health, but I am still ill up to now and the coming Ramadaan is about to start. I am unable to make up for these days and to fast the next Ramadaan. Additionally, I am not sure that I will restore my health later. Would you please tell in writing what I should do and the cash value of feeding at present? If there are a few poor persons in our village, shall I repeat paying this value to these poor people?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, you have to be patient until Allaah cures you of your illness.You then can make up for the days you missed in the months of Ramadaan. The basic rule in this respect is the Saying of Allaah (Exalted be He): …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Your uncertainty of recovery cannot be a basis for deciding that your healing is hopeless or set you free from liability for making up and permit you to the act of feeding the poor for the missed fasts. Rather, you should think good of Allaah and hope for recovery while getting ready for the Hereafter… read more here.

Little blood taken for testing: Does it invalidate Sawm (fast)?

Question: A man had to go to the hospital during the month of Ramadaan while he was fasting. When he was there, they took blood from him. Does this invalidate his Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: If the amount of blood taken from the person is customarily considered a small amount, then it is not obligatory on him to make up for that day. However, if the amount of blood taken from him is customarily considered a large amount, then he should make up for that day to avoid an area of scholarly disagreement and to be on the safe side through discharging one’s responsibility… read more here.

Truck drivers travel during Ramadaan, can they skip the fasting?

Question: Some truck drivers travel all year long due to the nature of their work. Is it permissible for them not to observe Sawm (Fast) during the month of Ramadaan? When are they required to make up for these missed days of Sawm? Or are they not permitted to break their Sawm during Ramadaan?

Answer: If the distance they travel is equal to the distance over which it is permissible to shorten Salaah (Prayers)… read more here.

Kidney dialysis invalidates Sawm (fast)

Question: Some patients – may Allaah cure them – suffer from renal failure, so they need to go through kidney dialysis (wash), which is an artificial kidney used to purify the blood from waste products two or three times a week. All the patient’s blood is passed through this artificial kidney, cleansed, and then returned to the body. Some purifying substances are added to the blood inside the artificial kidney; otherwise the patient’s life will be endangered because of the renal dysfunction.

The question is whether this process invalidates Sawm (Fasting), given that it is a necessity. It is so hard for the patients to break their Sawm and make up for it later, while their bodies gain nothing except having the blood cleaned from impurities. This is a question asked by many people. Please advise concerning this, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: His Eminence the Manager of King Faysal Hospital and His Eminence the Manager of the Military Hospital in Riyadh were addressed by letters no. 1756/2 dated 14/8/1406 and 1757/2 dated 4/8/1406 respectively to inquire about the nature of the process of kidney dialysis, whether it involves mixing chemicals, and whether it includes nutrients.

They replied with letters no. 5693 dated 27/8/1406 and 10/16/7807 dated 19/8/1406 respectively clarifying that kidney dialysis is transfusion of the patient’s blood to a machine (an artificial kidney) which purifies it and then returns it to the body. Some chemicals and nutrients are added to the blood, such as carbohydrates, salts and others… read more here.

Intravenous and intramuscular injections during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on having injections during the daytime in Ramadaan, whether for the purpose of nutrition or treatment?

Answer: It is permissible for a person who is observing Sawm (Fast) to be treated by injections, whether intravenous or intramuscular, during the day in Ramadan. But it is impermissible to have nutritive injections, as they come under the same ruling as having food and drinks… read more here.

15 year old youth breaks Sawm during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on a 15-year-old youth who breaks his Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan, under the excuse that he is very tired and cannot complete his Sawm on that day? If he is required to make up for that day, can he make up for it after yet another Ramadaan passes?

Answer: It is prohibited for a Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) – someone who is a sane, adult, healthy, resident (non-traveling) Muslim – to break their Sawm during the daytime in Ramadaan. If they experience hardship and are forced by to break their Sawm, exactly as someone who is forced by necessity to eat dead meat, they may only eat as much as is needed to remove the hardship. Then they have to abstain from all that breaks Sawm (Fast) for the rest of the day, and make up for that day after Ramadaan. If they delay making up for it until the following Ramadaan with no legitimate excuse, then they have to make up for that day and also feed a needy person for every day not fasted. Anyone who has fully attained fifteen years of age is an adult person… read more here.

Obligation to pay Zakaah is not restricted to Ramadaan

Question: When does Zakaah (obligatory charity) become obligatory? When should it be paid and who are its deserving recipients?

Answer: Zakah on wealth becomes obligatory if a Muslim possesses the Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due) and it is kept in possession for a Hawl (one lunar year calculated from the time a property reaches the minimum amount upon which Zakaah is due), provided that the owner is a free person. The amount of Nisaab for gold is twenty Mithqaal (1 Mithqaal = 4.25 grams) which is equal to approximately 92 gm. while the Nisaab for silver is 200 Dirhams which is equal to 56 Saudi Riyals. If a person possesses the Nisaab and kept it for a full lunar year, Zakaah becomes due on it, which is one quarter of one tenth. For example, the Zakaah of 100 Riyals is 2.5 Riyals and for 1000 Riyals it is 25 Riyals, and so on… read more here.

Offering Taraaaweeeh Prayer at home

Question:  The month of Ramadaan has come and it is time to offer Taraaaweeeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan), is it better to go and attend it in the Masjid (Mosque) or offer it at home? I am not an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer), but a Ma’moom (person being led by an Imaam in Prayer). I love to recite the Qur’aan and prefer reciting to listening. Is there any sin if I pray Taraaaweeeh at home?

Answer: There is no sin on you if you offer Taraaaweeeh at home, because it is a Nafilah (supererogatory prayer). However, it is better to pray it with the Imaam in the Masjid following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them). When the Prophet (peace be upon him) led his Sahaabah in Taraaaweeeh on some nights until the end of the first third of the night, one of them said to him: We wish that you would lead us in Nafilah Prayer for the rest of the night. He (peace be upon him) replied: Anyone who prays Qiyaam (optional Night Prayer) with the Imam until he finishes, it will be recorded for him as spending the whole night in prayer. (Related by Ahmad and the Compilers of the Sunan through a good Isnad [chain of narrators] from the Hadeeth of ‘Aboo Dar)… read more here.

Leaving to say Du’aa al-Qunoot during some Taraaaweeh Prayers

Question: Is true that Du‘aa’-ul-Qunoot (supplication recited while standing after bowing in the last unit of Prayer) should not be constantly made in Ramadaan i.e. the Imaam can supplicate once or twice during the same night either in the first, middle, or last ten nights of Ramadaan? Did that happen during the lifetime of the Messenger (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions)? What is actually followed in Madeenah, Makkah the central city of Masjids (mosques), and Riyadh? If Du‘aa’-ul-Qunoot is permissible once or twice during Ramadaan, please explain this to the Ummah (nation based on one creed) to be made clear in every Masjid no matter big or small.

Answer: Du‘aa’-ul-Qunoot in Witr (Prayer with an odd number of units) is Mustahab (desirable) because of the Hadeeth reported by Al-Hasan ibn ‘Alee (may Allaah be pleased with them) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) taught me some words to say during Qunoot in the Witr Prayer. They are, ‘Allaahumma ihdinee feeman hadayta, wa ‘aafinee feeman ‘aafayta, wa tawallanee feeman tawallayta, wa baarik lee feemaa a‘tayta, wa qinee sharra maa qadayta, fa inaka taqdee wa la yuqdaa ‘alaik, wa inahoo laa yadilu man waalayta, tabaarakta Rabbaanaa wa ta‘aalayta [O Allaah! Guide me among those You have guided. Protect me among those You have protected. Take me into Your Care among those You have taken into Your Care. Bless me in what You have bestowed (on me). Guard me from the evil of what You have decreed, for You are the One Who decrees, and none can decree over You. Truly, the one whom You patronize can never be abased. Blessed and Exalted are You, our Lord].’ (Related by Ahl-ul-Sunan [authors of Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes: ‘Aboo Daawood, Ibn Maajah, Al-Tirmidee and Al-Nasaa’ee])… read more here.

Experiencing Istihaadah during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on the blood that comes out of a woman outside the menstrual or post-partum period? Should she make up later for the days in which she experiences such blood during the daytime of Ramadaan?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

If the blood referred to above comes out of her during the daytime in Ramadaan and it is not menstrual blood or postpartum blood, she is obliged to observe Sawm (Fasting) and Salaah (Prayer). She must not stop observing Sawm or Salaah, and she does not need to make up later for the days in which she observed Sawm and Salaah while having Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period)… read more here.

The ruling on Taraaaweeeh Salaah, its number of Rak’ahs

Question: What is the opinion of the Fuqahaa’ (Muslim jurists) and scholars of religion on Taraaaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)? Is it twenty or eight Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) – according to the Sunnah? If the Sunnah is to offer it as eight Rak‘ahs, why is it offered as twenty Rak‘ahs in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah)? Most people conclude from that it is the Sunnah to offer it as twenty Rak‘ahs.

Answer: Taraaaweeeh is a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) initiated by the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). There are proofs that he (peace be upon him) never offered more than eleven Rak‘ahs, whether in Ramadaan or at any other time. ‘Aboo Salamah asked `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) about the manner in which the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to offer supererogatory Salaah (Prayer) in Ramadaan. She said, ‘The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) did not pray more than eleven Rak’ahs in Ramadaan or at any other time. He would pray four Rak‘ahs, and do not ask about their beauty and length, then he would pray four Rak‘ahs, and do not ask about their beauty and length, then he would pray three Rak‘ahs.’ `Aa’ishah added, ‘I asked: O Messenger of Allaah! Will you sleep before offering the Witr (Prayer with an odd number of units)?’ He said, ‘O `Aa’ishah! My eyes sleep but my heart does not.’ (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) It was also authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to offer thirteen Rak‘ahs on some nights… read more here.

Intention to fast must be formed before Fajr

Question: Should the intention to observe Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan be made at night, or is it permissible to make it during the daytime? To give an example, if someone is informed at forenoon that today is Ramadaan, should they make up for the Sawm of that day later?

Answer: It is obligatory to make the intention to fast on any day of Ramadaan in the preceding night before dawn. Thus, starting the Sawm in the daytime without making the intention in the preceding night does not discharge the obligation. Accordingly, if someone knows at forenoon that today is a Ramadaan day and then makes the intention to fast, it is obligatory on them to abstain from all invalidators of Sawm until sunset. They also have to make up for the Sawm of that day later. This is based on the Hadeeth related by Ibn `Umar on the authority of Hafsah (may Allaah be pleased with them both) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Ahmad, vol. 6, p. 287; ‘Aboo Daawood, vol. 2, pp. 823- 824, no. 2454; Al-Tirmidee, vol. 3, p. 108, no. 730; Al-Nasaa’ee, vol. 4, pp. 196-198, nos. 2331- 2343; Ibn Maajah, vol. 1, p. 542, no. 1700; Al-Daarimee, vol. 2, p. 7; Al-Daraqootnee, vol. 2, pp. 172-173; Ibn Khuzaymah, vol. 3, p. 212, no. 1933; Al-Tahawy, Sharh Ma`anee Al-Athar, vol. 2, p. 54; Al-Bayhaaqee, vol. 4, pp. 202, 203, and 221; and Al-Baghawee, Sharh Al-Sunnah, vol. 6, p. 268, no. 1744. Anyone who has not made the intention to fast before Fajr no Sawm counts for them. (Related by Imaam Ahmad, the Compilers of the Sunan [Imaams ‘Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmidee, Al-Nasaa’ee and Ibn Maajah], Ibn Khuzaymah, and Ibn Hibbaan… read more here.

Merit of fasting Ramadaan and spending the nights in worship with important rulings

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to all Muslims, may Allaah lead me and them in the path of believers, and guide me and them to deep comprehension of the Sunnah and the Qur’aan, Aaameeen!

Al-salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

This is some brief advice concerning the Sawm (Fasting) of Ramadaan, spending its nights in prayer, the virtue of competing to do good deeds in it, with an explanation of some important rulings that some people may not know.

It was authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) that he used to herald the glad tidings of the advent of the month of Ramadaan to his Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and inform them that all the doors of mercy and Paradise are opened in this month, the doors of Hell are closed, and devils are chained in fetters. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: When it is the first night of the month of Ramadaan, the devils and rebellious jinn are chained up and the gates of Hell are closed, and not one gate of it is opened. The gates of Paradise are opened, and not one gate of it is closed. And a caller cries out: ‘O seeker of good, proceed; O seeker of evil, desist.’ And Allaah has those whom He redeems from the Fire, and that happens every night. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There has come to you the month of Ramadaan, a month of blessing, in which Allaah covers you with grace, sending down mercy, forgiving sins and answering supplication. Allaah looks at your competition in doing good therein, and boasts of you before His angels. So show Allaah goodness from yourselves, for truly the wretched person is the one who is deprived of the Mercy of Allaah during this month.read more here.