Swearing inwardly without uttering an oath

Question 30:  I swore secretly without uttering the words of the oath that I would not have sexual intercourse with my wife for a week, but I did. What should I do?

Answer: Nothing (no expiation) is required from you as long as you did not verbally utter the oath, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Allaah has pardoned the acts of my Ummah done mistakenly or out of forgetfulness

Question 29: What is the meaning of the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allaah has pardoned my Ummah (nation based on one creed) what they commit by mistake, out of forgetfulness, or out of compulsion. ?

Answer: The above-mentioned Hadeeth is reported by Ibn Maajah on the authority of ‘Aboo Darr Al-Ghiffaaree (may Allaah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Moreover, it was narrated by Al-Tabaraanee in his book “Al-Kabeer” and by Al-Hakeem in his book “Al-Mustadrak”… read more here.

Sacrificing an animal at specific times every year

Question 28: What is the ruling on sacrificing an animal at a specific date and time every year? Many people believe that slaughtering on the 27th of Rajab, 6th of Safar, 15th of Shawwaal and 10th of Muharram draw them close to Allaah and is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship). Are these acts valid? Are they acts of Sunnah or Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that contradicts Islam and its doer will not be rewarded for them?

Answer: All acts of ‘Ibaadah that draw a Muslim close to Allaah are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion)… read more here.

Bid‘ahs related to certain nights and days

Question 27: It is a custom here that women engage in playful entertainment from the end of Rajab until the middle of Sha‘baan. They beat the drums, dance, and sing in a loud voice after ‘Ishaa’ (Night) Prayer from 8 to 10 p.m. What is the ruling on this matter?

Answer: This is a bad custom and they should not be permitted to do so, for the evil and unlawful kind of amusement it involves… read more here.

Celebrating the anniversary of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj: Is participation impermissible?

Question 26: From Muhammad ibn Ibraheem to his Excellency the General Secretary of the Islaamic World League,

Al-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaah wabarakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you):
I have read your letter no. 682, dated 4/7/85 A.H. with regard to the invitation you received from the Grand judge of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to attend the celebration of Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven) anniversary. You asked about our opinion in this regard. 

Answer: I opine that celebrating the anniversary of Isra’ and Mi‘raj is a null and void Bid‘ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Slaughtering a sacrificial animal on the Night of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj is a sin

Question 25: From Muhammad ibn Ibrahim to our respected brother, May Allah preserve you!

Al-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaah wabarakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

Your letter to us dated on 21/7/1387 A.H. reached us. In this letter you stated that after giving birth to a child in Sha‘baan, your mother vowed to offer a sacrificial animal on the 27th of Rajab every year. She has continued fulfilling her vow for 28 years. Now she is asking about the ruling on this vow.

Answer: This is an invalid vow that must not be fulfilled because it involves the following sin:The month of Rajab used to be glorified by the people of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance)… read more here.

Yearly sacrifice on the 27th of Rajab

Question 24: Every time I used to give birth to a baby boy, he would die. When I once gave birth to a baby boy, I vowed that if he lived, I would offer a yearly sacrifice on the 27th of Rajab, which is what people call Rajabiyyah. I then fulfilled the vow for years until I knew that this sacrifice is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). Now, I fear that my choice of this day may be sinful. Is it permissible for me to fulfill my vow on this day specifically or should I change it or there is nothing wrong with this? Please, advise. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: You must slaughter the animal and offer its meat to the poor and the needy each year as you vowed, out of gratitude to Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Celebrating Israa’ and Mi‘raaj is not Islaamically permissible

Question 23: From Muhammad ibn Ibraheem to his Highness the Secretary General of the Muslim World League, may Allaah preserve you!

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaah wabarakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you)!

With reference to your letter no. 9/3/2/2939 dated on 11/8/1388 A.H. attached with the card from the Islamic Union in the West which reads:This is an invitation to all Muslims in Rome to attend the headquarters of the Islamic Union in the West at 7.15 PM. on the evening of Saturday 19/10/1968 on the occasion of the honorable anniversary of Isra’ (Night Journey) and Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven) on the 27th night of Rajab of the eleventh year of the Message of Islam, where the trustworthy Angel Jibreel (Gabriel), who is entrusted with delivering the Revelations, came to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and ascended with Al-Mustafa (the chosen one, Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him) in body and soul to Al-Aqsa Mosque i.e. the injured Al-Quds (Jerusalem). The master of the Prophets (Muhammad, peace be upon him) offered Salaah (Prayer) there and then was taken up to the heaven to be shown the Greatest Signs of his Lord.

The Islamic Union in the West invites every Muslim to perform 12 Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) at their home and then come to the headquarters of the Union to contribute in reciting the supplication specific to this anniversary: “Subhan Allaah (Glory be to Allaah), I seek Allaah’s forgiveness, O Allaah, send Your Mercy on…,” repeating it after Shaykh Bakir, the Imaam of the Islaamic Union in the West. The ceremony will end with a brief recitation of Qur’aanic Aayahs. You request our opinion on this matter.

Answer: This is not permissible based on evidence from the Book, the Sunnah, Istis-hab (presumption of continuity) and reason. In the Qur’an, Allah (Glorified be He) says… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the 27th night of Rajab

Question 22: Regarding the night of the twenty-seventh of Rajab and the night of the middle of Sha‘baan, Muslims are used to celebrating them every year where they serve greasy foods and suchlike. What is your opinion regarding this?

Answer: These are two Bid‘ahs (innovations in religion): Celebrating the night of the twenty-seventh of Rajab and the night of the middle of Sha‘baan are two Bid‘ahs based on no evidence… read more here.

Ruling on sacrificing an animal on the 27th night of Rajab

Question 21: There is a custom in our country to slaughter sacrificial animals in occasions like the middle of Sha‘baan, the first day of Ramadaan, the twenty-seventh of Rajab. Is it permissible to eat from these slaughtered animals?

Answer: With regard to slaughtering sacrificial animals in the middle of Sha‘baan or the twenty-seventh of Rajab, this is a baseless Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that is neither permissible for one to do nor for anyone to eat from it, because of the lack of evidence… read more here.

Dancing and Swaying of Soofis: Is it a form of thikr?

Question 20: What is the ruling on the dancing, singing, and swaying of Soofis during what they call circles of thikr (Remembrance of Allaah)?

Answer: The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace be upon him). The most evil of things are those which have been newly invented (in religion)… read more here.

Kaffaarah for a false Oath

Question 19: What is the Kaffaarah (expiation) for a false oath?

Answer: The false oath refers to the oath sworn by a person that they did or did not do something in the past while they know they are lying… read more here.

Sharee’ah ruling on making a will

Question 18: What is the Islaamic ruling on the will a person makes before death? How should it be formed? What should be included in the will?

Answer: Anyone who wishes to bequeath a part of their property must write their will as soon as possible before death overtakes them. They must care to register it and have witnesses to it. There are two types of wills… read more here.

Ruling on swearing oaths frequently

Question 17: It is my habit that I swear oaths whenever I get angry or upset at work or home and I do this for any reason. Thus, I say: “My wife will be considered divorced or unlawful to me if so and so…” I repeat such oaths continuously in the daytime and at night. I tried to stop this habit but in vain. What should I do? Also, what is the ruling on such oaths?

Answer: I advise you to avoid taking a lot of oaths. You should not make it a habit to take oaths. Moreover, you must stop taking an oath of Talaq (divorce) and making your wife unlawful to you… read more here.

Sawm during the months, Rajab and Sha‘baan

Question 16:  I know people who always perform Sawm (Fast) in Rajab and Sha‘baan and connect them to Ramadaan without breaking fast. Is there any Hadeeth regarding this practice? If there is any, kindly provide the text?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) or any of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them) used to fast the entire month of Rajab or Sha‘baan… read more here.

Categories of Bid‘ahs (innovation in religion; Are the Harakaat in the Qur’aan a Bid’ah?

Question 15: How many types of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) are there? Is every Bid‘ah misguidance? If yes, are the diacritical marks used in the writing of the Qur’aan, such as Dammah (a small curl-like diacritic standing for the short vowel /u/), Fathah (a small diagonal line placed above a letter to stand for the short vowel /a/), Kasrah (a small diagonal line placed below a letter to stand for the short vowel /i/), Sukoon (a circle-shaped diacritic placed above a letter with no vowel), Nuqtah (dots and diuresis placed above and below Arabic letters to distinguish between them) or Nabrah (a carrier on which the letter Hamzah is placed in cases of Kasr) an act of Bid‘ah, as the Qur’aan was written during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) without any diacritical marks? Is the writing of these marks an act of Bid‘ah? Is this Bid‘ah misguidance?

Answer: Bid‘ah (i.e., invented or newly introduced thing) is divided into Bid‘ah in religion and ordinary Bid‘ah… read more here.

Making up missed fasts of Ramadaan in Rajab: Is it permissible?

Question 14: Please, inform me about the months during which one can make up for the missed fasts of Ramadan. What are the Pillars of Eemaan (Faith)? How can one be a sinless Muslim? I have a brother who did not fast the last days of Ramadan i.e. 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30. Now, he wants to make up for them in Rajab, so what is your opinion?

Answer: It is obligatory for your brother to make up for the days he did not fast in Ramadan… read more here.

Bid‘ahs (innovations in the Deen) practiced in the month of Rajab

Question 13: Some people single out the month of Rajab for offering some acts of worship like performing Salaat-ul-Raghaa’ib (Prayer for great bestowals or wishes) or celebrating a certain night of this month. Is there any proof in the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic Law) to support such practices? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is an act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) to single out the month of Rajab for offering Salaat-ul-Ragha’ib or for celebrating the 27th night, which people believe to have been the night when Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven) took place… read more here.

Ruling on consecration of special acts of worship during Rajab

Question 12: Practicing of Bid‘ahs (innovations in religion) notably increase in the month of Rajab. Respected Shaykh, is there a piece of advice that you can give to those inventing practices and acts of worship in this month?

Answer: The month of Rajab has no Sunnan (supererogatory acts of worship following the example of the Prophet) specifically for it… read more here.

‘Umrah of the Messenger of Allaah in Rajab

Question 11: Is it correct that the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed ‘Umrah in the month of Rajab?

Answer: The widely known opinion of the scholars is that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) did not perform ‘Umrah in the month of Rajab… read more here.

Kaffaarah for breaking an oath instead of fulfilling a planned Sawm (fast) of Rajab

Question 10: A man vowed to observe Sawm (Fasting) for one month for the Sake of Allaah (Exalted be He), but without determining within himself whether he would fast it successively or separately. What is the ruling of Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) on this? Is it obligatory for him to fast it successively or is he permitted to fast it separately?

Answer: If the person who made the vow to observe Sawm for one month did not specify how he would fast it… read more here

No Saheeh Hadeeth urges to fast the month of Rajab

Question 9:  It is reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) exhorted the youth, saying: Al-Bukhaaree, Saheeh, Book on marriage, no. 5066; Muslim, Saheeh, Book on marriage, no. 1400; Al-Tirmidee, Sunan, Book on marriage, no. 1081; Al-Nasaa’ee, Sunan, Book on marriage, no. 3208; ‘Aboo Daawood, Sunan, Book on marriage, no. 2046; Ibn Maajah, Sunan, Book on marriage, no. 1845; Ahmad, Musnad, vol. 1, p. 432; and Al-Daarimee, Sunan, Book on marriage, no. 2165.… and whoever is not able (to marry), let him observe Sawm (Fasting). Does it mean that one should observe the same Sawm of Ramadaan all through the year, or else this has nothing to do with food and one should just abstain from Haraam (prohibited) matters? Is it reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) observed Sawm during the months of Rajab and Sha‘baan before Ramadaan, the ten days of Dul-Hijjah, and the first day of Muharram? May Allaah guide you!

Answer: First, The Sawm meant in the above-quoted Hadith is:The Shar‘ee (Islaamically prescribed) Sawm, which is abstention from all that breaks Sawm from the onset of the second dawn (true dawn) to sunset… read more here.

Observing Sawm (fast) during the whole month of Rajab every year

Question 8: I am a twenty-seven-year-old Saudi man. I went to prison and I began to worship Allaah. I observe Sawm (fasting) on Monday and Thursday of every week, on three days of every month, the whole month of Rajab; nine days of Dul-Hijjah; the ninth, tenth and eleventh of Muharram (i.e. the day of ‘Ashoora’, a day before and a day after); six days of Shawwaal, and the middle of Sha‘baan. It is claimed that Sawm should be observed in Ramadaan only, and the rest is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), and there is no Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth that proves them. But I found a Saheeh Hadeeth which states this in the book entitled “Tanbih Al-Ghafilin” by Shaykh ‘Aboo Al-Layth Al-Samarqandee. Please advise whether Sawm on these days is really a Bid‘ah, given that my colleagues in prison say so.

Answer: Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays, three days of every month (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month), the ninth of Dul-Hijjah, the tenth of Muharram, in addition to a day before or after it… read more here.

Hunting during Ramadaan and the Sacred Months

Question 7: This question is about hunting during Ramadaan, Dhul-Qa‘dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram. Some people say that it is Haraam (prohibited) to hunt land game, such as birds and rabbits, during these months.I have already hunted during these four Sacred Inviolable Months. Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: There is nothing wrong in hunting land games during Rajab, Dul-Qa‘dah, Dul-Hijjah, and Muharram, because although they are Sacred Inviolable Months… read more here.

Making a vow to fast the whole month of Rajab

Question 6:  I vowed to fast the whole month of Rajab, as the people in my country are used to honor this month more than any other month, except that of Ramadaan. Since then, I have not fulfilled that vow because of being busy with life matters. Whenever I postpone Sawm (Fast) to the following year, I become more preoccupied and could not fulfill my vow. Now, am I obliged to fast the month of Rajab, or it is permissible for me to fast any other month? I am a diabetic and I become very tired by the time Ramadaan comes to an end. Is it lawful for me to feed Miskins (needy people) as Kaffaarah (expiation) for my unfulfilled vow? I only know one poor family; could I give its member all the food that must be given to ten Miskeens? If not, should I give the food to a charitable society, such as the society of  `Abdul-`Azeez? Is it preferable to pay money or give food such as rice?If feeding is not permissible to expiate for broken vows, is it permissible to observe Sawm for ten separate days each month, for example? Kindly give us your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) in this regard. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: You must offer Kaffaarah for breaking an oath, because singling out Rajab for Sawm is an act of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance)… read more here.

Ruling on observing Sawm (fast) on certain days in Rajab

Question 5: There are days on which we voluntarily observe Sawm (Fasting) in Rajab. Should these days be in the beginning, middle, or end of the month?

Answer: No specific Hadeeths were authentically reported about the merit of Sawm in Rajab, except that which was related by Al-Nasaa’ee and ‘Aboo Daawood, and ranked as Saheeh (authentic) by Ibn Khuzaymah… read more here.

Ruling on offering Salaat-ul-Raghaa’ib and Salaat-ul-Tasaabih on the first Friday eve of Rajab

Question 4: What is the Ruling on Salaat-ul-Raghaa’ib (Prayer for great bounties or wishes) and Salaat-ul-Tasaabih (Prayer of glorification) and how to perform them?

Answer: The original rule concerning acts of worship is that they are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) i.e. a Muslim should only worship Allaah… read more here.

Making a vow to sacrifice an animal and observe Sawm (fast) for ten days in Rajab

Question 3: A woman made a vow to slaughter a sheep and observe Sawm (Fast) for ten days in Rajab on a yearly basis. She managed to fast the ten days for eleven years, but she only slaughtered one sheep. She continued giving Sadaqah (voluntary charity) for not observing the Sawm she vowed for twenty years. Now she is asking about what she has to do. Will paying Sadaqah make up for the days she did not fast or does she have to fast and slaughter a sheep yearly? Is she and her family permitted to eat from the slaughtered animal? Please give me your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar). May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is Makrooh (reprehensible) for a person to make a vow to single out Rajab or some days of it for Sawm or slaughter… read more here.

Is there anything like “Good Bid‘ah” (good innovation in Islaam) as `Umar ibn al-Khattaab said?

Question 2: Is there a good Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that we will not be sinful if we do, or is it that all kinds of Bid‘ahs are the same? Someone cited to me as evidence that after our master `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) completed learning Soorah Al-Baqarah by heart, he slaughtered some she-camels for the sake of Allaah, or he fasted some days, I do not remember exactly. Thus, according to him, ‘Umar has invented a Bid‘ah, which he described as a good Bid‘ah. If we imitate him and distribute meat for the sake of Allaah, we will be doing a good deed? Does this Bid‘ah constitute a deviation from right, which leads to Hellfire? Answer us, may Allaah enlighten you!

Answer: All kinds of Bid‘ah constitute a Dalaalah (deviation from what is right), as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth delivered in Jumu‘ah (Friday) sermon… read more here.

Visiting graves on certain days of the year (first and last day of Rajab)

Question 1: Some people are accustomed to visiting graves on the first and last day of Rajab. Is this permissible?

Answer: It is not permissible to single out a certain day of the year like Friday or the first day of Rajab or any other day for visiting graves as there is no evidence to support this… read more here.