Ruling on women studying medicine

Question 30: I have a daughter in the second year of the Faculty of Medicine. She stopped studying this year, because she believed that going out of home for education is Haraam (prohibited) for a woman. She was studying for a profession in medicine, with the intention of treating Muslim women by specializing in gynecology and wanting to treat poor women for free. This was her intention when she entered the Faculty of Medicine to study to be a doctor, and this is still her intention. In fact her belief in this has increased and she loves medicine, but she fears Allaah and fears that by going for education, she will be committing a sin, even though she goes to the faculty in full Islaamic clothing, wearing a Niqaab (face veil).

Answer: Learning medicine is a collective obligation on Muslim men and women as they are both needed to provide medical treatment for men and women. If women go out of their homes dressed immodestly or semi-naked, in violation of the Islaamic dress code, or making a public display of their adornment or charms, this is Haraam (prohibited)... read more here.

Ruling on girls joining the all-female housing complexes on university campus?

Question 29: What is the ruling on girls joining the all-female housing complexes on university campus?

Answer: If the reality is as mentioned and the university residence halls are all-female, their joining them is unobjectionable... read more here.

Should a woman whose late husband forbade her to study continue to refrain after his death?

Question 28: A woman inquires about the ruling on her thinking about resuming study after the death of dead husband, who, while alive, did not agree to her resuming study, and declared his disagreement with it before death.

Answer: It is unobjectionable that a woman studies fields of knowledge beneficial to her as far as her religion and worldly life are concerned. She may do so when possible provided that modesty and non-mixing with men is observed... read more here.

Girls writing letters to boys and Vice-versa

Question 27: Many young girls correspond with boys. In their letters they write things that I would not dare to write or mention. This phenomenon is widespread in this society. Hence, we earnestly hope that you can do us the favor of writing a letter, supported by evidence, about how we should solve this problem. I have told many of them about how serious this matter is, but I cannot do much as I do not have deep knowledge, so I failed to convince them despite my repeated attempts.

Answer: One of the essential aims of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is to protect people’s lineage and honor. For this reason, Allaah (Exalted be He) has forbidden Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage) and ordered that it be punished by whipping or stoning... read more here.

Buying a car in installments and being forced to pay insurance

Question 26: A man bought a car in installments, as he was unable to pay its price in cash. The car agency demanded him to pay car insurance. Respected Shaykh, what is your ruling on paying this insurance and other types of insurance such as life insurance?

Answer: It is permissible to buy a car in installments; if the car and the price are agreed upon as well as the amount of each installment and its due date of payment are fixed. As for paying car insurance, this is Haraam (prohibited)... read more here.

Is it permissible for my wife to visit women who do not offer Salaah?

Question 25: Is it permissible for my wife to visit women who do not offer Salaah (Prayer), bearing in mind that their husbands also do not pray and that perhaps they intermix with female visitors?

Answer: If there is a benefit of your wife visiting these ladies, such as calling them to the Way of Allaah (Exalted be He) and advising them to carry out the obligations of Islaam and there is no Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) involved, like being intermixed with men, it is permissible for her to visit them. Otherwise, it is impermissible... read more here.

What does Sharee`ah-based policy mean?

Question 24: What is meant by Al-Siyaasah Al-Shar`iyyah (Sharee`ah-based policy)?

Answer: Al-Siyaasah Al-Shar`iyyah is that policy which is based on the Qur’aan and Sunnah by the ruler applying justice and the ruled giving their loyalty and obedience. It is explained by the Saying of Allaah (Exalted be He).. read more here.

A mother donating her womb to her daughter

Question 23: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ received the letter that was sent to His Honor the Mufty from the questioner, Dr. Faysal `Abdul-Raheem Shaaheen, the Director General of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation. The letter was transferred to the Committee by the Secretariat-General of the Council of Senior Scholars under no. 4596 dated 07/09/1420 A.H. Following is the text of the question:

I hope that Your Honor will answer this question that is raised in the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation: A mother would like to donate her womb, but not the ovaries which carry the hereditary characteristics, to her daughter. The womb will only act as a place for the baby to develop in while the ovum will be taken from the ovary of the woman to whom the womb is donated. The sperm will be taken from the husband of the daughter. Is this womb transplantation permissible?

I would like here to refer to the Fatwaa’ issued by the Islaamic Fiqh Academy Council decree no. 6/8/59 that was held in the Sixth Conference Session in Jeddah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the year 1410 A.H. (attached is a photocopy of the concerned decree). The Islaamic Fiqh Academy Council held that the transplantation of testicles or ovaries is Haraam (prohibited) as doctors warn that this will lead to lineage confusion. However, it regarded the transplantation of other inner organs of the reproductive system as being Mubah (permissible). Nevertheless, a ruling on womb transplantation was not decided by the concerned Council. It considered the transplanted womb a part of the woman to whom it was transferred, but it did not tell whether the baby will be a Mahram (non-marriageable relative) to the woman who donated her womb. Jurists of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy and some other jurists have discussed this problem in detail during their discussion of the problem of surrogate mothers. Please accept my best regards. May Allaah keep and protect you.

Answer: After the Committee studied the question, it decided that it is impermissible for the concerned mother to donate her womb to her daughter as this leads to Haraam (prohibited) matters... read more here.

Having a television set in the house

Question 22: In our city, some people who are not scholars, but who mix with scholars and learn from them, deem the television to be unlawful. They say that by having a television set in the house, the husband, wife and children are as sinful as those who commit Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), Allaah forbid! Is having a television set at home and watching it Haraam (prohibited) or not?

Answer: Watching television becomes permissible when a Muslim is watching something lawful, such as Qur’aan recitation, religious talks, business reports and political news. It becomes impermissible when watching something unlawful, such as dissolute songs with evil lyrics, when men listen to women singers even if it is while performing decent songs and when watching men sway and dance while singing. In general, having a television set and watching it depends on the ruling on what is watched, whether lawful or unlawful... read more here.

Advice for Muslim teenagers

Question 21: What is your advice to young people who go astray during adolescence?

Answer: Young people should be mindful of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) in all their matters and live according to the pillars of Islam. They also have to abide by the Sunnah of their Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)... read more here.

Universality of the Message of Islaam

Question 20: Is the Message of Islaam in Saudi Arabia restricted to the people living in Saudi Arabia and not expanded to other Muslim countries? Was this the case in the era of our noble Prophet Muhammad ibn `Abdullaah (peace be upon him)?

Answer: The Message of Islaam in Saudi Arabia is not restricted to it. The callers to the Way of Allaah (Exalted be He) must perform their duty of Da`wah (calling to Islaam) and guidance in Saudi Arabia as well as other countries in all continents of the world according to their abilities... read more here.

What is the best approach to follow while practicing Da`wah?

Question 19:  As beginners in the field of Da`wah (calling to Islaam), what is the best approach to follow while practicing Da`wah?

Answer: First: You should equip yourself with beneficial knowledge derived from the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Invite (mankind, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islaam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’aan) and fair preaching Wisdom denotes knowledge... read more here.

Preachers have to start with the most important issues, then move to those that matter less

Question 18:  Today many youth believe that we should abandon some acts of Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) in order to avoid disagreement among the people. For example, placing the right hand on the left hand in Salaah, positions of raising the hands (in Salaah), and Jalsat-ul-Istiraahah (a brief sitting after prostration and before standing during the Prayer). They argue that Islaam has many priorities and these matters come in later stages and not in the first stages in the life of a Da`ee (caller to Islaam); especially Jalsat-ul-Istiraahah.

They believe that if you apply an act of Sunnah and people start to look at you with discontent, it will be a Fitnah (sedition). They began to use the following Aayah as a proof: “Fitnah is worse than killing.” And the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Fitnah is in a sleep, Allaah has cursed those who awaken it.”

These are legal proofs to be followed. The Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded us to follow his Sunnah, especially at times of disagreements. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said in the Hadeeth of Al-`Irbaad ibn Sariyah after he mentioned some matters: Whoever lives after me, will see a lot of disagreements, so keep to my Sunnah and the practices of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs who will come after me. . . and so on. Please advise.

Answer: First, Du`aah (callers) to the Way of Allaah (Exalted be He) should start with the most important issues, then the less important and so on as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said when he sent Mu`aad to Yemen... read more here.

Is there a specific number of Rak`ahs for optional Qiyaam al-Layl

Question 17:  Is it necessary to offer a specific number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) for Qiyaam-ul-Layl (standing for optional Prayer at night) every night or is it done according to one’s ability?

Answer: It is prescribed for a Muslim to offer eleven Rak`ahs on standing for optional night Salaah (Prayer), as this was the number mostly observed by the Prophet (peace be upon him). It was authentically reported that `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said... read more here.

Gradual communication of the teachings of Islaam

Question 16:  Has the gradual communication of the Islamic legislation ended by the completion of delivering the Message? Is it permissible for a Daa`ee (caller to Islaam) to tell a new Muslim about the commands and the prohibitions of Islaam gradually, so that they are not shocked?

Answer: It is permissible to convey the Message of Islaam to others gradually, acting upon the Hadeeth of Mu`aad when he was sent by the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Yemen. The Six Hadeeth Compilers (Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, ‘Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmidee, Al-Nasaa’ee, and Ibn Maajah) reported from Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them both) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) told Mu`aad ibn Jabal when he sent him to Yemen… read more here.

Calling people to Allaah in cafes and clubs

Question 15: Some people go to cafes and clubs on the pretext of calling people to Allaah. Is it Islaamically permissible to go to places where vice reigns, with the intention of spreading Islaamic teachings among people who are obviously reluctant to abide by them?

Answer: In this case, if it is likely that there will be a good response on the part of the attendants, one should sit with them to guide them to the truth and advise them. Doing so fulfills the duty of conveying the Message of Islaam and thus, leaving them no excuse of ignorance… read more here.

What are the means for a Da`wah to become successful ?

Question 14: What are the means for a Da`wah (calling to Islaam) to become successful and from where should they be deduced? What are the essential characteristics of a Da`ee (caller to Islaam)? We hope that you will mention some of the important books in this field.

Answer: First, the successful Da`wah is the one that is accompanied by knowledge of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) and deep insight, for Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Advice for someone who aspires to become a Daa`ee

Question 13: I am hoping that Allaah will help me become a Daa`ee (caller to Islaam), what is your advice to me?

Answer: We hope that Allaah will make your wish come true. We advise you to learn, act upon what you learn and invite others to learn in the best of manners, while holding good intentions and patiently enduring any harm that may befall you… read more here.

Failing to practice what one preaches

Question 12: I sometimes used to lead the people of my village in Salaah (Prayer). Many times, I deliver Khutbah (sermon) of Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer from books prepared for that purpose. I know, all praise be to Allaah, my position in people’s hearts. But the devil, sometimes, overcomes me and I follow my desires and whims. I feel great embarrassment when I commit any sin, because I know what is right and what is wrong. I ask people to avoid sins and evils though I commit these sins. Moreover, I know Allaah’s Saying: Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Allaah) on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture [the Tauraat (Torah)]! Have you then no sense? I do not know when I can overcome these whims and desires. Moreover, I am a young man who is unmarried.

Answer: We advise you to continue advising people in your village and to increase your knowledge of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) as much as you can. You also have to strive hard to avoid sins and your actions should be consistent with what you preach as much as possible… read more here.

What should a Muslim do who has a non-Muslim relative?

Question 11: What should a Muslim who has a non-Muslim sibling or child do?

Answer: Muslims should invite their non-Muslim relatives and others to Islaam and explain to them the virtues of Islaam and its beneficent laws and rulings. They should emphasize that Allaah will not accept from any person a religion other than Islaam (submission and resignation to Allaah alone) on the Day of Resurrection… read more here.

Necessary decorum when preaching and reminding

Question 10: I heard a sermon delivered by a Khateeb (preacher). He spoke about Muraqabah (knowing that Allah is observing man’s deeds). He said, “Verily, Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds has surveillance cameras that He uses to observe His servants.” Discussing the issue of guidance, he said, “When Allaah guides someone through you, you will receive a photo of so and so and gratitude from Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds because He has guided someone through you.”

What is the ruling on that? Is it included in the prohibited personification of Allaah (Exalted be He) stated in His saying: There is nothing like Him; and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. Is there any proof from the Qur’aan or Sunnah saying that Allaah (Exalted be He) has surveillance cameras or that He sends a photo to so and so because Allaah guided someone through him? Please advise. May Allaah reward and protect you. Al-salaamu `Alaykum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

Answer: It is necessary when delivering a sermon or giving admonition to follow the permissible Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ways. The best of these ways is to admonish and exhort through the Qur’aan. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Way to teach non-Arabic speaking Muslims their Deen

Question 9: I have relatives in France who will come to spend their summer vacation with us that extends to two months or a month and a half. What is your advice with regard to teaching them the Deen (religion) of Islaam? They are Muslims but they do not master the Arabic language, orally or written. Should I begin with teaching them Arabic and then give them books, or should I teach them all about Tawheed (monotheism), or should I teach them Salaah (Prayer), Tahaarah (ritual purification), Zakaah (obligatory charity) and Sawm (Fast)? Please advise us of a way to convey the Deen of Islaam. May Allaah guide us and guide others through us!

Answer: If you are not qualified to teach them in their own language yourself nor do you know of others who can teach them matters of their Deen in their own language, then you should teach them how to speak and write Arabic first.They should have a level that is sufficient for teaching them the principles of their Deen… read more here.

Hiring a maid to help a working wife

Question 8: My wife is a teacher and the mother of six children.She exerts a lot of effort at work, in taking care of the children, the housework, and many of our relatives visit us. My question is: Is it permissible to hire a Muslim maid to help my wife and make things easy for her. Please advise us, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: We advise you not to hire a maid as long as the situation is as you have described. Your wife should stay at home to bring up her children, fulfill her duties towards you, and the needs of her home… read more here.

Participation in competitions that stipulate sending coupons

Question 7: Some Islamic and non-Islaamic magazines and newspapers hold meaningful competitions, which include various questions that require readers to give correct answers to them to get prizes. The prizes are given to the winning participants by drawing lots. However, it is a condition of these competitions that the answers have to be sent attached to coupons that are cut out of a magazine or the newspaper, which obliges participants to buy the magazine or the newspaper to get this coupon, and they may win or lose.

What is the ruling of the Sharee’ah (Islaamic law) on participating in competitions that stipulate sending these coupons along with the answers, which entails buying the magazine in order to win? Is this considered to be a form of gambling or lottery, or not? May Allaah reward you with the best! I hope that you will answer mentioning the evidence and discuss it. Al-salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa baraakatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

Answer: This transaction is a form of gambling, because the participants may win or lose. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Abiding by the government regulations

Question 6: It is well-known that treatment in the hospitals of the Ministry of Health is free for certain segments of society. Assuming that there are poor people who cannot afford the costs of treatment in private hospitals, am I sinful if I examine patients who do not deserve the free treatment that is given in public hospitals?

Answer: You have to abide by the regulations and the policies set by the government for hospitals to achieve benefit and ward off evil… read more here.

Legality of insurance contracts in the light of Sharee’ah

Question 5: Modern insurance contracts imported from the West have become very widespread in our countries, so a good deal of Muslims subscribe to them. Many insurance companies and offices have also been founded. Furthermore, many Muslim merchants, factory owners and businessmen have subscribed in them as a guarantee for their imported goods and to redress any of their damaged or stolen goods or in case an accident occurs during construction operations, to factories or to workers in terms of destruction, loss, murder or harm.

Insurance may also compensate for the loss arising from accidents, robbery or damage that may happen to cars and may pay for the collapse of wells or mines and thus, the insurer escapes financial responsibility. Also, through life insurance the insurer’s heirs will receive compensation in case of his death.

In fact, there are many other fields of insurance which are classified, defined, specific conditions which are stipulated and for which annual installments are paid by the insurer to the company in defined amounts. Moreover, insurance companies organize insurance contracts pursuant to their own laws which are adopted and recognized by governments.

We would like your answer to our question regarding the legality of insurance contracts in the light of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) and to explain the ruling on working for such companies.

Answer: All types of insurance are Haraam (prohibited), as they involve Jahaalah (sale with lack of knowledge) and Gharaar (fraudulent transaction where details about the sold item are unknown or uncertain) – which are unpardonable… read more here.

Ruling on the Internet cafes

Question 4: In recent times, internet cafes have spread everywhere. What is the ruling on investing in this business, given that they involve some harms and forbidden acts as clarified in the following cases:

The first scenario: The user rents the PC by the hour and connects to the Internet. We do not know what he is going to browse on the net. There are so many useful and harmful programs and sites, and some sites can be blocked by king `Abd al- `Azeez City for Science and Technology. However, some users can unblock theses banned sites.
Note: We cannot control a program except by cancelling the service.

The second scenario: There is what is called the Microsoft Chat program that is used for chatting and mailing. Users hold conversations and discussions on useful and scientific matters. Others may be bad users who use vulgar and indecent words. Furthermore, they may send and receive pornographic movies and pictures. It is possible to control sending and receiving of images and movies, but some users manage to break this restriction using devious techniques.

Answer: If such machines give users access to forbidden and indecent materials that contradict Islaamic doctrine or give access to pornographic images, movies and news; or to suspicious conversations or forbidden games, and the owner of the internet cafe cannot prevent such Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) or have control on these devices, then investing in internet cafes is Haraam (prohibited)… read more here.

What is your advice to Muslim youth during this critical period in their life?

Question 3: What is the position of Islaam towards the youth? What is your advice to them during this critical period in their life?

Answer: Muslim youth should hold fast to the Rope of Allaah and adhere to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and also invite others to the Way of Allaah. They should not side with their own view of things, even though the truth is on the other side… read more here.

Selling a part of one’s body such as Kidney, cornea, a lobe of the liver or other organs

Question 2: Allaah has decreed for me to be infected with a malignant disease which is cancer, may Allaah preserve you from its harms. I have been suffering from it a lot since the year 1399 A.H. until now. I have also visited almost all public and private hospitals all over the Kingdom, and spent all the money I had, but to no avail. This urged me to travel abroad for treatment. However, Allaah has bestowed upon me some Muslim fellows who gave me money whether in the form of donation or loan. Allaah (Exalted be He) made it easy for me to acquire treatment and I was cured, all praise be to Allaah. But I am indebted with about five hundred thousand riyals, which I do not know how I can repay since I have no properties, money or relatives to repay them on my behalf. Now, I am obliged to try to pay off people’s money by every possible means, even if I end up becoming crippled, may Allaah reward them the best.

I ask: “Is it legally permissible for me to sell some of my body organs, such as kidney, cornea, a lobe of the liver or other organs that would not medically have a harmful effect after being ablated? The purpose of doing this is to repay my debts since I do not have any other option. It should be mentioned that I earn a sum of 5300 riyals a month, but it does not suffice the cost of treatment, the provisions for my family or the house rent. I am afraid to die without paying back people’s rights, especially as my family membersare mostly women and children. I hope there will be a clear answer, by which I can fulfill people’s rights before it is too late, in order to be relieved from this burden before I stand before Allaah on the Day of Resurrection. May Allaah reward you well!

Answer: It is impermissible for anyone to sell any of their organs to repay their debt or for any other purpose… read more here.

Is running traffic lights, exceeding the speed-limit, haphazard parking permissible?

Question 1: Is running traffic lights and similar traffic offenses such as exceeding the speed-limit inside or outside towns, haphazard parking, especially at times of Salaah (Prayer), and annoying others without reason considered Haraam (prohibited) or just Makrooh (reprehensible)? Kindly, give us the Fatwaa’ in this regard, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Traffic systems are designed and implemented for the common benefit of Muslims. It is thus incumbent upon all drivers to act in accordance with them, as violating them lead to many accidents where people are exposed to injuries and dangers. As for parking nearby Masjids (mosques) for a short period of time, whether to perform Salaah or other reasons without causing annoyance to anyone, it is not a problem, In-shaa’ Allaah (if Allaah wills so)… read more here.