Reciting certain Aayaat for healing

Question 30: We notice that by reciting certain Aayaat (Aayah (Qur’aanic verses) for patients, they tend to be affected by them. Should we recite these Aayaat even if it has not been reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him), his Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), or any of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) ever did this, or should we only adhere to authentic reports in this issue?

Answer: The whole Noble Qur’aan provides guidance and remedy. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Say: “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing.” He (Glorified be He) says: And We send down of the Qur’aan that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe (in Islaamic Monotheism and act on it) more here.

What is the ruling on plastic surgery ?

Question 29: What is the ruling on plastic surgery, performed on a patient to cure a certain handicap, where the surgeon may change some of the natural appearance of the patient? Is this regarded as changing the Creation of Allaah?

Answer: The plastic surgery mentioned above is permissible and is not regarded as changing the Creation of more here.

Following the correct order of steps when performing Wudoo’

Question 28: Some people said that it is not necessary to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) in order, so it is permissible to wash the feet before the hands or face. They also claimed that Istinjaa’ (cleansing one’s private parts with water after urination or defecation) is not necessary as long as one has not urinated.

Likewise, it is not required to be done on waking up from sleep. We hope that your Eminence will enlighten us concerning this issue, so that we will be sure of matters of importance in our religion. May Allaah grant you success!

Answer: It is obligatory to follow the prescribed order of Wudu’ starting with washing the face, two hands and elbows, wiping the head and two ears and then washing the feet and heels as related in the honorable Aayah (Al-Maa’idah: 6) and in accordance with what the Prophet (peace be upon him) did. Moreover, the Prophet (peace be upon him) more here.

A man who treats patients by making predictions and signs

Question 27: A man claims that he treats patients by just looking at them without prescribing any medicines. He only points to the right side to tell that a patient has recovered or to the left side to tell that they have not. Is such treatment permissible? Is it permissible to be treated by such a man?

Answer: It is not permissible to go to this man who treats by signs, for he is a liar and a charlatan. Moreover, he may be a soothsayer who seeks the help of Jinn (creatures created from fire). It is worth mentioning that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Anyone who goes to a diviner or a soothsayer and believes in what they say has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad.” Thus, receiving treatment is only Mubaah (permissible) when it is done by lawful Ruqyah (reciting Qur’aan and supplications over the sick as a cure), or by known, Mubaah, tried more here.

Dutifulness to parents after their death

Question 26: Is it permissible to show dutifulness to parents after their death?

Answer: Proofs from the Sunnah indicate that dutifulness can be shown to parents after their death by supplicating to Allaah for them, executing their will, maintaining ties of kinship, and being generous to their friends. It is reported in (Sunan ‘Aboo Daawood) on the authority of ‘Aboo Usayd Al-Sa`eedee (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he more here.

Knowing the sex of a baby

Question 25: There is a kind of a table circulated widely among women bearing the so-called “Chinese Gender Prediction Calculator”. It specifies whether the fetus is male or female through the age of the mother and the solar month in which conception took place (a copy of the paper is attached to the question).

Is it possible for doctors to determine the gender of the fetus? What is the ruling on such and similar calculators? May Allaah reward you with the best for benefiting Islaam and Muslims.

Answer:  No one but Allaah (Glorified be He) can know the gender of the fetus before it is fully formed. However, after the fetus is fully formed, its gender can be identified through medical rays, something which Allaah made within the boundaries of human more here.

Can a vow-maker eat from the food he offered in fulfillment of his vow?

Question 24: If a person offers food for the poor in fulfillment of his vow, is it permissible for him to eat from that food?

Answer:  The basic ruling is that if the thing that is offered in fulfillment of a vow is permissible, it will be a must to spend it on the channels specified by the person who made the vow. If he did not specify a channel, it should be considered as Sadaqah (voluntary charity) that is to be spent on the poor and more here.

Contribution to building a Masjid: Is this considered Sadaqah al-Jaariyah ?

Question 23: If a person donated a sum of money on behalf of himself and his family as a contribution with some people for building a Masjid (mosque), is this to be considered a Sadaqah Jaariyah (ongoing charity) for every one of them?

Answer:  Spending money on building a Masjid or participating in building it comes under Sadaqah Jaariyah whose reward will be deserved by its doer or by whoever it is done on behalf of, provided that there is a sincere intention and that this money is earned more here.

A woman who died and bequeathed her modest wealth to Sadaqah Jaariyah

Question 22: My mother died leaving behind a small amount of money which she bequeathed to be given as Sadaqah Jaariyah (ongoing charity). She, whose mother is still alive, has sons and daughters, some of them are needy and the others are not. I hope Your Honor will advise me on whether I should spend all the money on Sadaqah Jariyah or to spend only part of it on this? Please advise on how I can donate this money in the way that pleases Allaah.

Answer:  The lawful bequest must not exceed the maximum limit, namely one third of the estate. This is based on the report related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim in their Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth on the authority of Sa`d ibn ‘Aboo Waqqaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) visited me during my illness which brought me near death in the year of Farewell more here.

Reciting Al-Faatihah for bestowing mercy on a deceased relative

Question 21: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: When a person dies, their (righteous) deeds come to an end, except three: Sadaqah Jariyah (ongoing charity), knowledge that is being benefited from, or a righteous son who supplicates (to Allaah) for them. 

Is it permissible to recite Al-Faatihah (Opening Chapter of the Qur’aan) so that Allaah may have mercy on my paternal aunt and her son? If this is not permissible, what are the suitable Du‘aa’s (supplications) in such cases?

Answer: It is not permissible for you to recite Al-Faatihah or any other Soorah (Qur’aanic chapter) for them, because there is no evidence substantiating this. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam) will have it rejected. (Related by Muslim)... read more here.

Receiving a Social Security subsidy

Question 20: In 1383 A.H., I applied to receive a Social Security subsidy as I was providing for a family of four and was going through difficult financial times. I was granted a monthly subsidy and now my sons are grown up and my daughters have married. I now support my wife and myself from a business that produces some income. Is it permissible for me to receive the subsidy given by Social Security? Please advise, may Allaah grant you success!

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned in your question, that when you were in financial difficulties you applied for Social Security to help you support your wife and young children, the money you received from the Social Security in this case was Halaal (lawful) more here.

Ruling on publishing obituaries in newspapers

Question 19: What is the ruling on publishing obituaries in newspapers?

Answer: This is a debatable matter for it usually involves exaggeration. It may be lawful if they are sincere and contain no exaggeration, but it is better to avoid them to be on the safe side. If someone wants to offer condolences, they can write a letter or call by the phone or visit the deceased’s family, this is more more here.

Looking at photos of women in newspapers

Question 18: Does looking at photos of women in newspapers and magazines take the same ruling as looking at them in the street or in the house?

Answer: Looking at pictures of women in newspapers or anywhere else is a means of getting enjoyment from them and trying to know who the women in the picture are and contemplating their more here.

What should be said at times of adversity ?

Question 17: I live with my parents, brothers, and sisters. We all love and respect each other; praise be to Allaah. I love my family very much and this makes me very worried when any member of my family falls sick to the extent that I can not speak of anything. I only sometimes make Du`aa’ (supplication), but at other times I keep silent. I often think that one of them may die at any time and I fear trials of faith and inability to be patient, may Allaah protect us! I would like your Eminence to give me some advice in this regard that I may never forget.

Answer: Our advice to you is to say at times of adversity: “Innaa lillaahi wa innaa ilayhi raaji`oon; Allaahumma ‘ajurnee fi museebatee wa-khluf li khayran minhaa [Verily, to Allaah we belong, and unto Him is our return. O Allaah! Reward me for my calamity and compensate me with something better than it].” more here.

Ruling on throwing leftover food in the garbage and spreading newspapers to eat on

Question 16: Is it permissible to spread newspapers and put food on them. If it is not allowed, what should we do after reading them?

As for leftover food, some people put it in boxes, etc., and then put it out on the street for animals to eat; however, trash collectors put it in garbage cans with other trash. The question is: Is it permissible to throw out the food with other trash?

Answer: 1: It is not allowed to spread the newspapers and eat on them or wrap things in them or humiliating them by any means if they contain some Aayaat (Qur’aanic aayah) or any mention of Allaah (Exalted be He). If the case is as mentioned, then it is obligatory to keep them in a proper place, burn them, or bury them in clean earth... read more here.

What is the alternative when one is unable to use water because of old age?

Question 15: A ninety year old crippled woman experiences great hardship when performing Wudoo’ (ablution) and Ghusl (full ritual bath), especially in times of severe cold. Since the place of Wudoo’ is far, is she permitted to perform either Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) for every Salaah (prayer) or combine Salaahs with one Wudoo’?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed:

If the case is as mentioned, this woman should try to perform Wudoo’ as her ability allows, even by having water brought to her place if possible. However, if she is not able to do this by herself or with the help of others, it is permissible for her to perform Tayammum, for Allaah (may He be Exalted and Glorified) says (what means) read more here.

Ruling on saying Tasmiyah in the toilet

Question 14: What is the ruling on Tasmiyah (saying, “Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah]”) two meters away from the toilet in a Masjid (mosque)? Is that permissible or not?

Answer: One of the Islaamic etiquettes of entering the toilet is to enter with the left foot first and mention the Name of Allaah before entering, saying: Bismillaah, Allaahumma innee A`oodu bika min al-khubbthi wal-khabaa’ith (In the Name of Allaah! O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from male and female devils).… read more here.

Regret of a son who used to answer his mother back toughly

Question 13: I was at the age of thirty when my mother was living with me and I was supporting her and providing everything she asked for. However, she (may Allaah be merciful to her) was very short-tempered to the extent that she would always quarrel with me for the slightest reason. Sometimes, I would get angry at her words and her yelling at me that I yelled back at her and said inappropriate things.

Although she died around twenty years ago, I still cry and my conscience still pricks me, makes me sleepless, and casts a shadow. I shall cry for the great sin I committed against my mother and atone for it until I die. I have performed Hajj twice on behalf of my mother and a third one for her mother, paid Sadaqah (voluntary charity) on her behalf, and dedicated part of the revenue from my palm-trees for the Sake of Allaah, on her behalf.

Will my Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) be accepted? What other deeds can I do to dedicate to her their Thawab (reward from Allaah) and what are the conditions of Tawbah for someone whose parents have died?

 First: You have done wrong by yelling at your mother and speaking inappropriately to her, because this is an act of undutifulness (impiety) to parents. Allaah obligated to be dutiful to parents and forbade impiety towards them in His Book and on the tongue of His Messenger (peace be upon him). You have done right to regret what you did and make Tawbah for it. We ask Allaah to accept your Tawbah and forgive your sin.
.. read more here.

Does touching one’s wife invalidate Wudoo’ ?

Question 12: Some of the contemporary scholars argue that touching one’s wife does not nullify Wudoo’ (ablution). Their view rests on the Hadeeth reported by ‘Aboo Daawood on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went out to offer Salaah (Prayer) without performing Wudoo’ again. Could this be a supporting evidence to the holders of this view or is this act peculiar to the Prophet (peace be upon him) on account that he did not declare this? `Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) also narrated: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to kiss (his wives) while observing Sawm (Fast); and he had the greatest control over his desire (as compared with you).

As for Wudoo’ being nullified by what comes out of the urethra and anus through an opening in the stomach, there is no disagreement regarding this except what was stated by the Shaykh of Islaam and Al-Muwaffaq in “Al-Mughnee” from some of the Maalikee jurists. There is no disagreement that Wudoo’ is nullified by what comes out of the urethra and anus. Ibn Taymiyyah stated: “If a person has a disease that prevents the urine and stool from coming out of the urethra and anus and another opening is made in their body for the discharge of their excretions as is the case with some people, this does not nullify Wudoo’.” Accordingly, is Wudoo’ Mustahab (desirable) or Waajib (obligatory) in this case?

 First, according to the most correct opinion maintained by scholars, if a man touches his wife directly, this does not nullify Wudoo’, whether he touches her lustfully or not, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went for Salaah without performing Wudoo’ again.
.. read more here.

Does passing wind necessitate Istinjaa’?

Question 11: If it happens that I have performed Wudoo’ (ablution) then I pass wind, must I wash the front and back passage (urethra and anus) or is it sufficient to perform Wudoo’ without washing my private parts?

Having slept heavily after being in a state of Wudoo’, is it enough to perform Wudoo’ when I wake up or is it necessary that I wash my private parts before performing Wudoo’?

 To ritually purify oneself after passing wind or sleeping, it is sufficient to perform Wudoo’ only and it is not necessary to wash the front and back passage.
.. read more here.

Performing Wudoo’ and forgetting to perform Tayammum for the wounded area

Question 10: A person performed Wudoo’ (ablution), and because of a wound in his hand that should not be exposed to water, he performed Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) for that area. It happened that he once forgot to do Tayamum for the wounded area, but during Salaah (Prayer) he remembered, so he performed Tayammum without interrupting the Salaah and continued praying. What is the ruling on this Salaah? Is it valid or not?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed: If one of the body parts required to be washed in Wudoo’ sustains a wound that must not be washed or wiped with water, as this may worsen the wound or slow the healing, the person should perform Tayammum... read more here.

Ruling on Blood donation or blood transfusion

Question 9: A man suffers anemia and the doctors in the hospital requested a blood transfusion for him. Knowing that blood is impure, is there any Rukhsah (concession) in Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) for a person who wants to donate blood for a patient who is in dire need of it? Is blood transfusion prohibited?

Answer: The basic ruling is that treatment must be with lawful things, which are permitted by the authority of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)... read more here.

Rules of Tahaarah and the manner of Salaah to be observed by a patient

Question 8: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets! The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ has examined the Fatwa request submitted to his Eminence, the General Muftee, from a sincere brother, and referred to the Committee from the General Secretariat of Council of Senior Scholars under no. 5431 dated 25/12/1414 A.H. The brother states in his message that he detected a lack of knowledge on the part of some patients in a hospital regarding how they should perform Salaah (Prayer) and Wudoo’ (ablution), especially the patients who are unable to move. His desire is to receive a detailed Fatwaa’ on the rulings of Tahaarah (ritual purification) and Salaah of a sick person.

Answer: After examining the information mentioned above, the Committee answered as follows:

First: Tahaarah observed by a sick person:

1. Like a healthy person, a patient has to perform Tahaarah with water to remove both major and minor impurity. A patient has to perform Wudoo’ to remove the state of minor Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates ablution) and Ghusl (full ritual bath) to remove the state of major Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates full bath)… read more here.

Forgetting a part of the body that must be washed in Wudoo’

Question 7: If while performing Wudoo’ (ablution), I forget to wash a small part of a limb that must be washed during Wudoo’, which I remembered immediately after Wudoo’. Should I repeat Wudoo’ in this case, or is it enough to wash the part I forget?

Answer: One of the conditions of Wudoo’ is washing all the parts in close sequence. Thus, if a person forgets to wash a limb required in Wudoo’, or even a small part of it, and remembers it while performing Wudoo’ or immediately after when the washed parts are still wet, they may wash the part they forgot and the subsequent limbs only… read more here.

Hair creams and their effect on the validity of Wudoo’

Question 6: There are many types of hair creams. Do creams and other hair products made of a viscous substance prevent water from reaching the hair, and what then is the ruling on Wudoo’ (ablution)? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: The types of cream that have a density which prevents water from reaching the skin should be removed prior to Wudoo’. On the other hand, those types which have no density do not have any effect on the validity of Wudoo’… read more here.

Ruling on women advertising their desire to marry in newspapers

Question 5: What is the ruling on women advertising in newspapers and magazines their descriptions seeking marriage?

Answer: A woman advertising her desire to marry in newspapers and magazines and listing her descriptions conflicts with chastity, modesty and decency. It is not a Muslim custom at all. Thus, it is obligatory to refrain from doing it… read more here.

Using euthanasia to end suffering

Question 4: I am requesting a Fatwaa’ (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) in regard to a subject that was discussed on a medical program that I listened to. The subject was: Is it permissible for a patient who has no hope in recovering to request to die and should their request be fulfilled to end their suffering? The speaker said that if a cancer patient, for example, has no hope of recovery it is better for them to die. Is it permissible to fulfill a patient’s wish and kill them to end their continual pain? The speaker mentioned a book called, “Al-Huqooq (Rights)”, and said that it is a human right to decide when their life should end, if their life has become a source of pain and suffering to them and others. What is the opinion of Islaam on this matter? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) for a patient to hasten their death, whether by committing suicide or by taking medication to kill themselves. It is also Haraam for a doctor or nurse, or any other person to carry out the patient’s request, even if their disease is incurable… read more here.

Ruling on stopping mechanical ventilation and circulatory support at cessation of heartbeat

Question 3: Doctors may need to lie to the patients concerning their health condition, especially as the patient may get worse if he or she knows their real condition. Is the doctor sinful for doing this?

Answer: If the situation is as you have described, then it is permissible to stop the mechanical ventilator and circulatory support devices, provided that the heart is no longer beating and that the patient breathes only through these apparatuses… read more here.

Doctor lying to a patient

Question 2: Doctors may need to lie to the patients concerning their health condition, especially as the patient may get worse if he or she knows their real condition. Is the doctor sinful for doing this?

Answer: It is permissible to lie to the patient if this will improve their medical condition and will not have harmful consequences to the patient or to others. But if it is possible for the male or female doctors to use equivocation or ambiguous words, without resorting to direct lying, that would be safer and preferable… read more here.

Allaah’s Challenge to those who doubt the revelation of the Qur’aan

Question 1: With what has Allaah challenged those who doubt the revelation of the Qur’aan to the Messenger (peace be upon him)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed: Allaah (Exalted be He) has challenged them to bring the like of the Qur’aan or ten Soorahs or even one Soorah like it, but they could not do that… read more here.