Ihraam from Jeddah in case of non-residents

Question 30:  First: I noticed that many of my countrymen who have performed Hajj or ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) wore the clothes of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah), i.e., entered the state of Ihraam once they arrived at the Hajj city and some of them even entered the state of Ihram in hotels or homes of relatives and friends in Jeddah. I cannot read Arabic and, therefore, I hope you will provide me with some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) along with their English translation clarifying or indicating that their Meeqaat (site for entering the ceremonial state for Hajj and ‘Umrah for Hajj and ‘Umrah) is not Jeddah.

Second: Those I mentioned base their assuming Ihram as such on the following reasons:

A- They are adherents of the Al-Shaafi`ee school of Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), which differs from all others schools of Fiqh in that it understands the Meeqaat requirements differently and somehow strictly.

B- Since the Hajj city now in Jeddah is more than two Marhalahs (a distance of about one kilometer) away from Makkah, they consider the Hajj city a Meeqaat.

C- When told that they have passed their Miqat on their way to Jeddah, they argued that they no longer use the old road to Yalamlam as they travel by air.

D- Those who consider the city of Jeddah their Miqat support their claim by the fact they had stayed in the homes of their relatives and friends for a period of two or three days before heading to Makkah. Thus, according to them, their short stay in Jeddah must have given them the status of residents or visitors of Jeddah, although they have visas for Hajj or ‘Umrah. In other words, according to them also, the issue of Meeqaat marking the intention to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah starts only when they utter such an intention and declare it, which may take place after wearing the clothes of Ihram in Jeddah.

Third: Some pilgrims head to Al-Madeenah once they arrive at the Kingdom without assuming the state of Ihram and then wear the clothes of Ihram in Al-Madinah before moving to Makkah. Please, inform us whether it is permissible.

Fourth: I would appreciate it if you could provide me with the necessary answers along with their supporting evidence quoted from the Qur’aan so that I may deliver them to Islaamic institutions in Singapore. I hope that you, moreover, highlight misinterpretations if there are any.

I am looking forward to your prompt reply. Best regards!

Answer: First, The sacred Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) has defined all Meeqaats. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have specified the relevant Meeqaat of each destination. It is recorded in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with both of them) that he said... read more here.

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Ruling on saying Talbiyah in unison

Question 29:  What is the ruling on pilgrims who say Talbiyah (devotional expressions chanted at certain times during Hajj and ‘Umrah) in unison, where one of them says it and the others repeat after him?

Answer: This is not permissible, because it is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) or any of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs (may Allaah be pleased with them) who succeeded him, did that; rather, it is a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion)... read more here.

Validity of Hajj before marriage

Question 28:  What is the religious opinion on the people who perform Hajj, but are not paying for it out of their own money? Is it valid for a young person to perform Hajj before getting married?

Answer: First: There is nothing wrong in the Hajj if its cost is paid for by other people as a Sadaqah (voluntary charity). However, if the money is Haraam (unlawful), their Hajj is still valid, but they must make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for that. 

Second: The Hajj performed by a young person before getting married is valid, and we do not know of any disagreement among the scholars in this regard... read more here.

Does traveling to Madeenah remove the obligation of Hady from a Mutamatti‘?

Question 27:  Some Muslims perform ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) in Shawwaal, and then go to Al-Madeenah for a visit. After this, they perform Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only) without offering a Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims).

Answer: It is obligatory on everyone who performs ‘Umrah in Shawwaal, Dul-Qa‘dah, or the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah and then enters Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) to perform Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only), whether from the Miqat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) for Al-Madeenah or any other place, or from Makkah, to offer a Hady for Tamattu‘ Hajj (`Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between). The Hady should either be one sheep or goat, or one-seventh of a camel or a cow, which fulfills the conditions for an Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims). This is because they are under the ruling of Tamattu‘ Hajj. Allaah (Glorified be He) says: Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs the ‘Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu‘ and Al-Qiraan), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford... read more here.

Changing Ihraam clothing with another

Question 26:  Is it permissible for someone who has entered the actual state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) to change the garments of Ihraam, whether during the time of Hajj or `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage)?

Answer: It is permissible for someone who has entered the actual state of Ihraam to take off the garments of Ihraam and wear other garments, regardless of whether they are performing Hajj or `Umrah..read more here.

A menstruating woman entering the state of Ihraam

Question 25: What is the ruling on a menstruating woman performing Hajj?

Answer:  A menstruating woman is not forbidden to perform Hajj. The woman who assumes Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) while she is menstruating has to do all the rituals of Hajj, except that she should not circumambulate the Ka‘bah until her period ends and she performs Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity). The same applies to a newly-delivered woman. If she performs all the essential parts of Hajj, her Hajj will be valid... read more here.

Types of Ihraam

Question 24: I have read many books on the rituals of Hajj and I nearly have enough information about them now, but despite this, there are still some subjects that I cannot understand correctly due to the conflicting opinions and juristic views. One of these subjects is making intention for Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only); one opinion says that it is not required to offer a sacrificial animal and another says that it is required; which of these two opinions should I follow? I have not read one book that satisfied me about Hajj or Hajj as performed by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with all of them). I would like you to clarify these matters in a simple and clear way. May Allaah reward you with the best!Could you do that in the light of the Qur’aan and the authentic Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). Al-salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

Answer: There are three types of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah): 

The first: assuming Ihram just for performing Hajj. It is obligatory on the pilgrim performing Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only) to offer Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims). 

The second: assuming Ihraam for Hajj and ‘Umrah together. This type of Hajj is called Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between) and also Tamattu‘ Hajj (`Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between). It is obligatory to offer a Hady in Qiran Hajj. 

The third: assuming Ihraam to perform ‘Umrah during the months of Hajj. In this case, Ihram is assumed for ‘Umrah and then ended, and Hajj is performed in the same year. This type of Hajj is called Tamattu‘ Hajj and it is obligatory to offer a Hady in this type of Hajj. Anyone who cannot afford a Hady should observe Sawm (Fast) for three days during Hajj and then seven days when they return home. 

The best of the three types is: Tamattu‘ Hajj, performing ‘Umrah (during the months of Hajj) followed by Hajj (in the same year)… read more here.

Assuming Ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah on board the plane

Question 23: If a person intends to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) and finds difficulty in assuming Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) on the plane and does not know where the Meeqaat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) is, can he delay assuming Ihraam until he reaches Jeddah or not?

Answer: If a person intends to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah and wants to assume Ihram while on board the plane, he can perform Ghusl (full ritual bath)at home and wears the Izaar (garment worn below the waist) and Rida’ (garment worn around the upper part of the body), if he would like to, and when only little remains before getting close to the Miqat he can assume Ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah; there is no difficulty in doing this. If he does not know where the Meeqaat is, he can ask the captain, the cabin crew, one of the air stewards, or a trustworthy passenger who is knowledgeable about that… read more here.

‘Umrah permissible round the year?

Question 22: ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) is prescribed to be performed only once in one’s lifetime, so is it permissible to do it any time during the year, or only in the months of Hajj?

Answer: It is permissible to perform ‘Umrah at any time of the year including the months of Hajj. If a Muslim performs it in the months of Hajj before the rites of Hajj, then they have performed what is called Tamattu‘ Hajj (`Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between). If they incorporated the rites of ‘Umrah and Hajj, this is called Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between). Both the Mutamatti‘ (pilgrim performing Tamattu‘ Hajj) and Qarin (pilgrim performing Qiran Hajj) should offer Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims) meeting the same conditions for Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), if they are not residing at Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), i.e. non-resident of Makkah. If the pilgrim performs ‘Umrah in Dul-Hijjah after the Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dul-Hijjah), it is valid and no Hady is required… read more here.

Tawaaf with woman’s face uncovered

Question 21: Is it permissible for women who are performing Hajj or ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) to uncover their faces while they are making Tawaaf (circumambulation) around the Ka‘bah in the presence of non-Mahrams (men other than woman’s spouse or unmarriageable relatives)?

Answer: A woman’s face is part of her ‘Awrah (private parts of the body that must be covered in public) which is impermissible to be uncovered before all non-Mahrams, whether she is performing Tawaaf or at other times and whether she is a Muhrim (pilgrim in the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) or not. If a lady makes Tawaaf with her face uncovered, she is considered sinful even though her Tawaaf is valid. Regardless, women have to cover their faces with something other than Niqaab (face veil) when they are in Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah)… read more here.

The Meeqaat for Australians

Question 20: We live in Australia. This year, a large group of Muslims in Australia want to perform Hajj. We always depart from Sydney and land in either of the following three airports: Jeddah, Abu Dhabi, or Bahrain. We would like to know where our Meeqaat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah for Hajj and ‘Umrah) should be? Should we assume Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) from Sydney or is there another place to assume Ihraam from? Please answer us, many thanks.

Answer: Neither Sydney, Abu Dhabi, nor Bahrain are to be considered a Meeqaat for Hajj or ‘Umrah, nor even Jeddah can be a Meeqaat for you, as Jeddah is the Meeqaat for its inhabitants. You should assume Ihram if you pass by air over the first Meeqaat that you meet while heading for Makkah, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said on setting the Miqats: These Meeqaats are for the people of these very places and also for non-indigenous people who come through these places with the intention of performing Hajj and ‘Umrah. Therefore, you can ask the air host before passing by it, and if you intend on assuming Ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah, and pronounce Talbiyah (devotional expressions chanted at certain times during Hajj and ‘Umrah) before passing by the Meeqaat lest you should pass it without assuming Ihraam, there is nothing wrong in that. Whereas getting ready for Ihraam by cleansing, washing or wearing the clothes of Ihraam is permissible anywhere… read more here.

Ihraam for Hajj after performing ‘Umrah in Dul-Qa‘dah

Question 19: I want to perform Tamattu‘ Hajj (‘Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between). I have performed an ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) in Dul-Qa‘dah after which I returned to Jeddah, the place of my residence. What should I do when assuming the state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj or ‘Umrah) for Hajj?

Answer: If your place of residence is Jeddah, and you have assumed the state of Ihram for ‘Umrah and then you returned to the place of your residence, in Jeddah, then you have broken your Tamattu‘ Hajj. If you assume the state of Ihram for Hajj, then you are performing Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only) and there is no obligation on you to offer Dam (atonement required of a pilgrim for a willful violation of a prohibition or obligation while in the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah)…. read more here.

Assuming Ihram from Jeddah

Question 18: In the past Al-Juhfah was the boundary where the Sudanese pilgrims used to assume Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah), and the ship used to blow a whistle to announce that the boundary was reached to assume Ihraam. But since the time of air travel, the Sudanese pilgrims assume Ihraam from Jeddah. When they arrive in Jeddah, they stay there for many days, wearing their normal clothes. My question is: Is it permissible to assume Ihram from Jeddah Is it permissible for them to assume Ihraam on the day of arrival or according to what they think is suitable?

Answer: Jeddah is a Meeqaat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) only for its citizens, or residents there, or those who arrive in it for some reason other than intending Hajj or ‘Umrah and then decide to perform either of them. As for those who have a Meeqaat before Jeddah, such as Dul-Hulayfah appointed for the people of Al-Madeenah and what is beyond it, or those who come in line with it, whether by land or by plane; or Al-Juhfah appointed for the people who live there and those who come in line with it, whether by land, by sea, or by air; and Yalamlam likewise, it is obligatory on them to assume Ihraam from their own Meeqaat or when they come in line with it whether traveling by air, sea, or land… read more here.

Financial compensation for performing Hajj on behalf of another

Question 17: My husband (may Allaah be merciful to him) passed away, and I would like to commission someone to perform Hajj on his behalf this year. Is it permissible for the one who will perform Hajj on behalf of my husband to receive a financial payment in compensation for their efforts, apart from the money for the transportation, food and drink, etc., or not? Please advise us and may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is permissible for the one who is commissioned to perform Hajj on behalf of another person to receive compensation for it, even if this is more than what they have actually spent on the transportation, food and drink, and other needs required to perform Hajj. It is prescribed that their intention in performing this should be to participate in doing good and also do whatever acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) that Allaah may help them offer while in Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah). Their intention should not be just to receive the money… read more here.

Multiplied rewards for Salaah offered in the Sanctuary of Makkah

Question 16: Does offering Salaah (Prayer) in any Masjid (mosque) in Makkah Al-Mukarramah (Makkah, the Honored) have the same reward as offering it in Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah)? Is all Makkah considered a sanctuary?

Answer: The reward of Salaah is increased and multiplied when it is offered at any part of Al-Haram-ul-Makkee (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah) and in all Masjids of Makkah. However, offering Salaah at the Ka`bah is much superior… read more here.

Obligation on the financially and physically able person to hasten to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah

Question 15: Is it obligatory for the financially and physically able person to hasten to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah?

Answer: All praises be to Allaah, the Lord of Existence, and peace and blessings be upon the Noblest of the Prophets and Messengers. I advise any Muslim who did not perform Hajj to hurry to perform the obligatory Hajj in Islaam as it is obligatory on all Muslims who are able to do so. Allaah (Glorified be He) says: And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for one’s conveyance, provision and residence) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Islaam is based on five (pillars): the testimony that there is no deity but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah; performing Salaah (Prayers) regularly, giving Zakaah (obligatory charity); fasting Ramadaan; and going on Hajj to the Bayt (the Ka‘bah). The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: Allaah has enjoined Hajj upon you, so perform Hajj.read more here.

Ihraam from the Meeqaat when intending Hajj and ‘Umrah

Question 14: What is the opinion of Your Eminence if an employee was on a business trip from Tabook to Makkah for some official work, and he had to enter Makkah without assuming Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah), and then he returned to Jeddah for a short period of time and assumed Ihram from Jeddah and returned all the way back to Makkah to perform ‘Umrah? Does this count as ‘Umrah?

Answer: Anyone who passes through one of the Meeqaats (sites for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah for Hajj and ‘Umrah) authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) or passes along a route in line with or parallel to the Meeqaat, whether by air, land, or sea, and he has the intention to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah, is obliged to enter the state of Ihraam. If he does not want to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah, he does not have to enter Ihram. If he has stepped beyond the Miqat without the intention of making Hajj or ‘Umrah, then he later intended to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah while in Makkah or Jeddah, he may enter Ihraam for Hajj from where he intended in Makkah or Jeddah, for example. As for ‘Umrah, if he intends it outside Al-Haram (all areas within the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah), he is entitled to enter Ihraam from where he makes the intention, and if he intends it inside Al-Haram, he should leave and enter Ihraam for ‘Umrah from the closest Hil (all areas outside the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah). This is the basic rule as far as the Meeqaat for Ihraam is concerned. If the said person intended to perform ‘Umrah while in Jeddah and not when passing by the Meeqaat, then his ‘Umrah is valid and nothing is required of him… read more here.

Husband’s permission to perform obligatory Hajj

Question 13: What is the ruling on a wife’s traveling to perform the obligatory Hajj without her husband’s permission?

Answer: The obligatory Hajj is Waajib (obligatory) when the conditions of ability are fulfilled. The husband’s permission is not one of them. It is not permissible for him to forbid her; rather, it is prescribed for him to cooperate with her in fulfilling this duty… read more here.

Hajj done by minors

Question 12: If a young boy or girl performs the obligatory Hajj, is it sufficient to discharge the duty on their part or is it just considered a voluntary form of ‘Ibaadah (worship) whose reward goes to their parents?

Answer: If a minor performs ‘Umrah or Hajj, it is considered a voluntary form of ‘Ibaadah, and it does not exempt them from performing the obligatory Hajj and ‘Umrah after reaching adulthood… read more here.

Hajj at the expense of another: Does it discharge the duty?

Question 11: A woman traveled to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and fulfilled the Islaamic obligation of Hajj at the expense of another person. She asks whether this Hajj absolves her of the religious duty?

Answer: If this woman spent only a small amount of money on her journey to make Hajj, or did not even cover any of its expenses, the validity of her Hajj is not affected. Accordingly, when she fulfilled all the essential requirements of performing Hajj, she is considered to have absolved herself of this obligatory duty. It does not matter whether it was she or someone else who assumed the expenses of the journey… read more here.

Maids performing Hajj with campaigns without Mahrams

Question 10: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has examined the request submitted to His Eminence Chief Muftee by His Excellency the Minister of Hajj that was referred to the Committee by the general secretary of the Council of Senior Scholars, no. (2313),dated 9/6/1415 A.H. in which His Excellency asked the following question:

I would like to inform Your Eminence that I received a letter from His Excellency the president of the Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice, no. (6531/9), dated 26/11/1414 A.H. a copy of which is attached. The letter indicates that local Hajj institutions dispatch campaigns including female servants and suchlike without Mahrams (men other than woman’s spouse or unmarriageable relatives), which is impermissible according to Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law), which forbids that a woman travels without a Mahram. His Excellency demanded that such campaigns be banned from taking women without a Mahram.

We replied to His Excellency through our letter no. (6313/414/B/H), dated 4/12/1414 A.H. indicating that the relevant authority that authorizes local Hajj institution was instructed to take into consideration the facts referred to by His Excellency. On 13/4/1415 A.H., His Excellency Deputy Minister submitted a letter no. (2505 / 1 / 17) indicating that some local Hajj institutions specify tents for women who come collectively from within the Kingdom without Mahram. He is of the opinion that putting such a Fatwaa’ into force means depriving all women coming to the Kingdom for work without a Mahram from performing Hajj while most of them have lived and worked in the Kingdom for many years and wait for such an opportunity to perform Hajj. In fact, some of them go to perform Hajj with their sponsors while others perform Hajj with local Hajj institutions. He also referred to the Fatwaa’ of some scholars who were of the opinion that it is permissible for women to travel without a Mahram as long as they are in the company of people and can travel safely and be secure in their accommodation.

Wishing to avoid arousing exclamation or wondering about such a ban on the part of some Muslim countries, we deemed it necessary to inform Your Eminence so that you may express your opinion on this. I hope that you will examine the issue and tell me your opinion, may Allaah guide you to truth!

Answer: After examining the Fatwaa’ request, the Committee replied: It is an established Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) rule that it is impermissible for a woman to travel without a Mahram, based on the evidence that the Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have forbidden it. Under travel, as a general term, falls all kinds of travel, i.e. regardless of whether it is for a permissible, obligatory or recommendable purpose. We have issued a Fatwaa’, no. (16042), to the same effect stating: It is impermissible for a woman to travel without a Mahram, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas: A woman should not travel except with a Mahram (her husband or an unmarriageable male relative) (Related by Ahmad, Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) Moreover, Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said that he heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) say while delivering a sermon: No man should be alone with a woman unless she has a Mahram present with her, and no woman should travel except with a Mahram.’ A man got up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! My wife has set out for Hajj and I have enlisted in such-and-such expedition.’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘Go and perform Hajj with your wife.’ (Related by Ahmad, Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)read more here.

Is it obligatory for a husband to cover Hajj expenses for his wife?

Question 9: A wife cannot afford Hajj, however her husband is rich. Should he pay for her Hajj?

Answer: A husband is not obliged by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) to cover the expenses of his wife’s Hajj, even if he is rich. This is done by way of kind treatment and she is not obliged to perform Hajj, because she cannot afford it.

 Question: I am an Egyptian citizen and the head of a household, with a wife and two children. My salary in Egypt barely covers the necessities of life. I do not have any other income. I worked in one of the the Gulf countries for four years and saved an amount of money which I deposited in one of the Islaamic banks to provide me with an income to help me deal with different burdens of life. My salary and the income from this investment are just sufficient for me and my family. Am I obliged to spend some of this deposited money to perform Hajj in light of these circumstances? It should be noted that if I spend this amount from my bank account on Hajj expenses, this will affect my monthly income and will make things very difficult for me financially. What do you advise me to do? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If your situation is as you describe, you are not obliged to perform Hajj, because you are not able to do so according to the criteria stipulated in Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law). Allah (Glorified be He) says: And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for one’s conveyance, provision and residence) He (Exalted be He) also says: So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can And says: …and has not laid upon you in religion any hardshipread more here.

Hastening to perform the obligatory Hajj

Question 8: May I delay performing Hajj for one or two years, although I can perform it this year, for the sake of visiting my family? If I perform Hajj this year, I will be away from my wife and family for two years. The rites of Hajj will be in the middle of summer vacation and I will not be able to visit my family and perform Hajj at the same time. I will either perform Hajj or visit my family. Can I delay performing Hajj in order to visit my family? May Allaah reward you greatly!

Answer: A Muslim should hasten to perform the obligatory Hajj as soon as one is able to. They do not know what impediments may arise preventing them in the coming years if they delay performing it. Allaah (Exalted be He) states: And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for one’s conveyance, provision and residence) It was also reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Hasten to perform Hajj – meaning the obligatory Hajj – for no one of you knows what will happen to them (to prevent it). (Related by Imaam Ahmad)... read more here.

Conditions of ability of Hajj

Question 7: I am a wealthy man and I have a sister whose husband is poor. He was involved in accident, and, as a result, he became indebted. He is unable to repay his debts, because he has a very large family and he is their sole supporter. I have performed the duty of obligatory Hajj and then I performed Hajj again; I would now like to perform it for a third time and take my sister with me, at my expense, because she is financially unable to perform the obligation of Hajj. Which is better in the Sight of Allaah (Exalted be He), to take my sister with me to Hajj or to settle the debt of her poor husband with the expenditure for Hajj? Please advise me and may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer:  If the situation is as you mentioned, and your sister’s husband is indebted and unable to repay his debts, the priority is to settle his debts with the money that you have and to delay your sister’s Hajj. Settling the debt of your sister’s husband and relieving their distress is more important than helping her to perform Hajj, and more beneficial to them. Hajj is not obligatory upon her until she is able to afford it... read more here.

Definition of the Ability in Hajj

Question 6: Why does Algeria begin fasting a day before Morocco every year? What constitutes the “ability” to perform Hajj? Is there a greater reward in a person’s setting out to Makkah to perform Hajj or in returning home after performing it? Is there a greater reward in returning to one’s homeland, or in remaining there in Makkah?

Answer: The fact that Algeria begins fasting a day before Morocco every year in Ramadan should be referred to the officials in both countries, so that the answer is based on the status quo of both countries, as they know it better. This question should be directed to them, provided that the questioner is sure that it is recurs every year. As for the ability to perform Hajj, it means that a person must be healthy and have a means of transport to Allaah’s Sacred House. One may travel by plane, car, pack animal, or hiring whatever means of travel he can afford (each according to their ability), has enough provisions for the journey, back and forth, that are above what he needs to support his dependents until he returns from his Hajj. A woman must have her husband or a Mahram (unmarriageable male relative) in her travel to Hajj or ‘Umrah... read more here.

The year Hajj was made obligatory

Question 5: In which year following the Hijrah (Prophet’s migration to Madeenah) was Hajj made obligatory? What is the most authentic report in this regard?

Answer: Scholars have differed concerning the year in which Hajj was made obligatory. It was said that it was in the fifth year after Hijrah. Others said that it was in the sixth year after Hijrah. It was also said that it was in the ninth or tenth year after Hijrah. The last two opinions which cite that Hajj was made obligatory in the ninth or tenth year after Hijrah are the most likely to be correct. And Allaah knows bestread more here.

Tafseer of the Aayah: “Hajj is in the well-known months”

Question 4: Could you please tell us the Tafseer (explanation) of Allaah’s Words (the meanings of which are translated as): The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the Islaamic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). ? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Allaah (Glorified be He) says: The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the Islaamic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein (by assuming Ihrâm), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj. And whatever good you do, (be sure) Allaah knows it. And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is Al-Taqwaa (piety, righteousness). So fear Me, O men of understanding! This Aayah means that intention for Hajj is to be made in specific months, i.e. Shawwaal, Dul-Qa‘dah, and the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah.The plural form “months” is used because Arabs generally use the plural when they refer to two and part of a third item. Also, Allaah’s Words: So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein (by assuming Ihrâm) means that whoever intends to perform Hajj during these months must not commit Rafath, Fusooq, or Jidal. Rafath is conjugal intercourse and all that may lead to it. After assuming Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) one must not have intercourse with one’s spouse, or speak words, or do whatever may lead to sexual intercourse. Similarly, a pilgrim should not commit Fusuq which encompasses all sins such as undutifulness to parents, severing ties of kinship, taking or paying Ribaa (usury/interest), consuming orphan’s property, Gheebah (backbiting), Nameemah (tale-bearing), etcread more here.

Ramadaan is the best time to perform ‘Umrah

Question 3: Does performing ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) during the months of Hajj have any particular virtue different from performing it in other months?

Answer: The best month to perform ‘Umrah is during Ramadaan, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘Umrah (performed) in Ramadaan is equal to Hajj (in reward). (Agreed upon its authenticity by Imaams Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) According to another narration by Al-Bukhaaree: It is equivalent to performing Hajj with me. According to the narration by Muslim: It is equivalent to Hajj or Hajj performed with me (in reward). This means that it is equivalent to Hajj or (indicative of uncertainty on the part of the Hadeeth narrator) equivalent to Hajj performed with the Prophet (peace be upon him). Then, comes the ‘Umrah in Dul-Qa‘dah, for all the ‘Umrahs which the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed took place in Dul-Qa‘dah. Allaah (Glorified be He) says: Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) you have a good example to followread more here.

Virtue of offering Salaah in Makkah

Question 2: Is the reward for offering Salaah (Prayer) anywhere in Makkah multiplied as if it is in Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah)? Is the punishment for committing sins in Makkah multiplied just like the reward of good deeds?

Answer: 1- There is a disagreement among the scholars concerning this issue.However, the most preponderant opinion is that reward is multiplied anywhere in the Haram (the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah) because it is all considered Al-Masjid Al-Haram according to the Qur’aan and Sunnah. 

2- As to sins, they are not multiplied in terms of their number either in Makkah or anywhere else. In fact, sins are multiplied in terms of their kind that varies in intensity and gravity depending on the time and place where the sins are committed, for example, if they are committed during Ramadaan, in the Noble Sanctuary, in Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah, and the like. Allaah (Glorified be He) says: Whoever brings a good deed (Islaamic Monotheism and deeds of obedience to Allaah and His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم) shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit, and whoever brings an evil deed (polytheism, disbelief, hypocrisy, and deeds of disobedience to Allaah and His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم) shall have only the recompense of the like thereof There are many Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeths to the same effect… read more here.

Importance of Makkah to Muslims

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Book of Hajj and ‘Umrah
Obligation of and conditions for Hajj and ‘Umrah
Importance of Makkah to Muslims

Question 1: How important is Makkah to the Muslim world?

Answer: Allaah has made Makkah a place of resort for mankind and a place of safety and a noble sanctuary where pilgrims and scholars can gather to perform the rituals of Hajj and ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) in an atmosphere of comfort and tranquility, hoping for Allaah’s Reward and fearing His Punishment (Glorified be He). It is a place where Muslims get to know one another, and advise and consult one another over matters related to their religious and worldly life. It is also a place where the reward for performing Salaah (Prayer) and righteous deeds is multiplied… read more here.