Question 30: It is a habit of the people in my country to hold various celebrations when a woman is in her seventh month of pregnancy. These celebrations vary from one city to another. Also, after a woman gives birth, they recite the Prophet’s birth narrative.
The question is: What is your opinion on this and is there any religious proof on these practices?
Answer: Celebrating a certain period of pregnancy and reciting the Prophet’s birth narrative after delivery are both Bidd‘ahs (innovations in religion) that have no basis in Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law). What is Mashroo‘ (Islaamically permissible) is to offer ‘Aqeeqah (sacrifice for a newborn); two sheep for the male baby and one for the female baby. The sacrificial animals are to be slaughtered on the seventh day after birth. The baby should be given a name and the head of a male newborn should be shaved... read more here.
Question 29: What is the ruling on insurance such as cars, goods, workers and factories? Sometimes the person applies for insurance willingly. Other times they are forced to have insurance. For example a car dealer may stipulate that the customers must insure the new cars they purchase by installments. The same applies when a person sends goods from another country.We would like to know whether there are lawful and unlawful types of insurance. Is insurance considered a type of Ribaa (usury/interest)?
Answer: The type of insurance mentioned in the question, known as commercial insurance, is unlawful because it involves Gharaar sale (fraudulent transaction where details about the sold item are unknown or uncertain) and Jahaalah sale (sale with lack of knowledge) that cannot be overlooked. It also involves gambling, taking people’s money unjustly and Ribaa, which are all proved to be Haraam (prohibited) transactions according to religious evidence…. read more here.
Question 28: What is the ruling on telling lies that do not harm anyone?
Answer: Lying is absolutely Haraam (prohibited) except in the cases that are excluded by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law), which does not include what is mentioned in the question. This prohibition is based on the general meaning of evidence, such as Allaah’s Statement: O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). Moreover, it is related in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and other books of Hadeeth on the authority of `Abdullaah ibn Mas`ood, (may Allaah be pleased with Him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said... read more here.
Question 27: What is the ruling on a man who swore that his wife would be unlawful for him if she entered her maternal uncle’s house, then after some time she went there with his consent?
Answer: If the husband’s intention when he swore that oath was only to forbid his wife from entering her maternal uncle’s house, and she did enter it, he must offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for breaking an oath. The Kaffaarah is to feed ten Miskeens (needy people) the average meal that one feeds their family, or to provide them with clothing, or to emancipate a believing slave. In case he is unable to carry out any of these, he must observe Sawm (Fast) for three days... read more here.
Question 26: A married woman vowed that if Allaah would restore her son to health, she would observe Sawm (Fasting) every Monday and Thursday of every week of her life. However, her husband did not give her permission to do so, for he feared that her Sawm could have a negative effect on him, as it might subject him to Fitnah (temptation).
– Does she have to make Kaffaarah (expiation) for her vow due to her husband’s rights, as he may be harmed by her Sawm or not?
– If she has to make Kaffarah, should she offer a general one for her vow or one for every day she does not observe Sawm?
– What type of Kaffaarah should she offer: the one for breaking Sawm or other than that?
– If she is allowed to make Kaffaarah and she is able to observe Sawm for a few days, will it be necessary for her to do so on days that her husband permits her to do so or when he is traveling?
– If it is obligatory on her to fulfill the vow she made, will her husband be sinful if he forces her not to fast or has conjugal intercourse with her while she is fasting?
Answer: If the reality is as was mentioned and the woman vowed to observe Sawm every Monday and Thursday of every week if Allaah would restore her son to health and Allaah has cured her son, and if she is married, and her husband has not given his permission, as this vow will harm the lawful marital rights of her husband – the Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) ruling is that it is obligatory on her to fulfill the vow she made as it is a vow of obedience... read more here.
Question 25: Is it lawful to ask Allaah to grant the reward of a vow to Imams? For example, is it permissible to say: “I make this vow for the sake of Allaah Whom I ask to give its reward to so-and- so?
Answer: This is a broad question. Vows are of two types: The first type is the Shar‘ee (Islaamically lawful) vow which is made with the intention of getting closer to Allaah. Making vows is basically commanded against. This is based on the reported Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Anyone who makes a vow by which they intend to obey Allaah, must obey Him (i.e., fulfill their vow), and anyone who makes a vow by which they intend to disobey Allaah, must not disobey Him (i.e., must not fulfill their vow). Thus, the act itself of making vows must be abandoned by a Mu’min (believer). When the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about vow-making, he replied: Do not make vows, for a vow prevent nothing from the Decree of Allaah. Rather, they merely cause a miser to give (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)... read more here.
Reply given by Shaykh Ibn Baaz to written questions posed by a Shaykh from outside the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to my esteemed brother, may Allaah guide you to useful knowledge and to act upon it! Aaameeen. Peace be upon you!
I have received your letter dated 2/3/1394 A.H. May Allaah guide you and grant you success! It included three questions about Wahhaabism. Following is my answer:
Question 24: You asked about Wahhabism and whether it is a fifth Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) or follows one of the four Madh-habs.
Answer: The term Wahhaabism is used by many people to refer to the call initiated by Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhab ibn Sulayman Al-Tameemee Al-Hanbalee (may Allaah be merciful to him). He is called along with his followers ‘Wahhabis’. Every knowledgeable person must have heard about Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhab’s movement (may Allah be merciful to him). He called for pure Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) and warned people against all forms of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), such as supplicating to the dead, trees, rocks or the like. He (may Allaah be merciful to him) followed in creedal matters the Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) while in subsidiary matters he followed the Madh-hab of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal Al-Shaybaanee (may Allaah be merciful to him)... read more here.
Question 23: A man entered the Masjid (mosque) after the first congregational Salaah (Prayer) was over to find another congregational Salaah led by an illiterate Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer). Such a person who is well-aware of the proper recitation of Qur’aan thought it was not right to join this congregational Salaah. Should he have joined them? If he had joined them to attain the reward of offering congregational Salaah, would his Salaah have been valid?
Answer: If the unlettered Imaam performs Salaah tranquility and properly making no mistake in Soorah Al-Faatihah (Opening Chapter of the Qur’aan) in a way that changes the meanings, he may join Salaah with this Imaam to attain the reward of congregational Salaah. Otherwise, he may wait for others to pray with to maintain the observance of Salaah in congregation, if possible... read more here.
Question 22: A Ma’moom (person being led by an Imaam in Prayer) joined ‘Asr (Afternoon) Prayer during the fourth Rak‘ah (unit of Prayer) then another man came and started praying behind him. Is it thus permissible for the first praying person to change his intention from being a Ma’moom to being an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer)?
Answer: It is permissible for whoever misses congregational Salaah (Prayer) and cannot find anybody else to start a new congregation with, to pray (as a Ma’moom) behind a person who is making up for the Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) that they missed after the Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer) of the Imaam. Proof for the foregoing is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was offering Salaah during the night and Ibn ‘Abbaas came and prayed behind him. Moreover, offering Salaah in congregation is more rewarded... read more here.
Question 21: Is it permissible for a male Muslim not to attend the congregational Salaah (Prayer) due to being busy with his studies and class times?
Answer: Male Muslims have to perform Fard (obligatory) Salaah at the Masjid (mosque) with the congregation. They are not permitted to miss the congregational Salaah except for a Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) excuse such as illness or fear. Accordingly, being busy with studies is not a valid excuse for missing the congregational Salaah... read more here.
Question 20: If a person joins Salaah (Prayer) during the last Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the last unit of Prayer) before the Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) pronounces Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), will they get the reward of offering congregational Salaah? Or will they get the reward of praying individually? What is the best course of action upon entering the Masjid (mosque) and finding the Imaam in the last Tashahhud? Should a person complete the Tashahhud, or should they wait for others to come and pray with?
Answer: Anyone who joins the Imaam during the last Tashahhud will not be considered to have caught the congregational Salaah, but they will get the reward of whatever parts of Salaah they pray with the Imaam. To be considered having joined the congregational Salaah, a latecomer should offer at least one Rak`ah (unit of Prayer) with the Imaam, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said... read more here.
Question 19: What is the ruling on certain people reciting Qur’aan over Zamzam Water (well that sprung up under the Prophet Isma’eel when he was a baby, near the Ka‘bah), then giving it to someone to drink in order to be granted specific wishes or for healing?
Answer: It is reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) drank from Zamzam Water, used to carry it with him, and encouraged people to drink it saying: Zamzam Water is for whatever it is drunk for. On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas... read more here.
Question 17: What is the religious ruling on observing Sawm (Fasting) on the last Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah and the whole of the months of Muharram and Sha‘baan? Answer us, may Allaah confer His Blessings upon you!
Answer: Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah] and all praise is due to Him. It is Mashroo‘ (Islaamically permissible) to fast in the month of Muharram and Sha‘baan. As for the last Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah, there is no evidence concerning fasting on them; but there is nothing wrong with fasting on them without having the belief that they have certain specialty or fasting is recommended on them in particular.The Prophet (peace be upon him) said concerning the month of Muharram: The best Sawm after Ramadaan, is the Month of Allaah: Muharram.Therefore, it is recommendable to fast the whole of Muharram and it is Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) to fast on the ninth, the tenth and the eleventh of it... read more here.
Question 16: Wisdom behind Prophet Muhammad’s practice of polygyny.
Answer: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) married to several wives following his migration to Al-Madeenah. His practice of polygyny was not something novel, as polygyny was widely practiced by all people and nations. Some societies allowed unlimited number of wives until some men had more than seven hundred wives, not including slave women. Some Arabs were reported to have taken in marriage more than ten wives. When Ghaylan ibn Salamah Al-Thaqafee embraced Islaam, he was married to ten wives. The Prophet (peace be upon him) instructed him, saying: Choose four of them (and divorce the rest).
Polygamy was also practiced by the ancient Greeks in Athens, China, Babylonia, Assyria, ancient Egypt, and the Jews were also polygamous. Prophet Sulaymaan (Solomon, peace be upon him) had seven hundred free women as wives and three hundred slave women. Al-Bukhaaree related in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth...read more here.
Question 15: This question is about hunting during Ramadaan, Dul-Qa‘dah, Dul-Hijjah and Muharram. Some people say that it is Haraam (prohibited) to hunt land game, such as birds and rabbits, during these months. I have already hunted during these four Sacred Inviolable Months. Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best!
Answer: There is nothing wrong in hunting land games during Rajab, Dhul-Qa‘dah, Dhul-Hijjah, and Muharram, because although they are Sacred Inviolable Months, the prohibition of hunting land game during them has been abrogated. Furthermore, Ramadaan is not a Sacred Inviolable Month... read more here.
Question 14: If I made a vow to offer a sacrifice in the month of Muharram, Safar, or any other month; is it permissible for me to pay the value of the sacrifice to the needy or do I have to offer the sacrifice and distribute its meat to the needy? Please enlighten us!
Answer: Anyone who makes a vow to offer a sacrifice during a specific time and distribute it to the needy has to fulfill their vow at the specified time. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who vows to obey Allaah should obey Him (i.e., fulfill their vow). It will not be sufficient to pay the value of the sacrifice they vowed to offer to the poor... read more here.
Question 13: During the month of Muharram, women go to the house of a newly married woman and bring water with them. They wear thick clothes to protect themselves against the cold and splash some of that water over the newly married woman and pour the rest over themselves, including young and old women. They do this every year. When we ask them to give up this action, they say that it is part of their habits and traditions.
Answer: This habit is an invented practice from Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) and it is not permissible for a Muslim to do it since it does not have any origin in Allaah’s Purified Shar‘ (Law)... read more here.
Question 10: What is the ruling on sacrificing an animal at a specific date and time every year? Many people believe that slaughtering on the 27th of Rajab, 6th of Safar, 15th of Shawwal and 10th of Muharram draw them close to Allaah and is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship). Are these acts valid? Are they acts of Sunnah or Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion) that contradicts Islaam and its doer will not be rewarded for them?
Answer: All acts of ‘Ibaadah that draw a Muslim close to Allaah are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). There is no textual proof from the Qur’aan or the authentic Sunnah that dictate a particular sacrifice on the mentioned days of these months. The Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet – may Allaah be pleased with them) did not do so either and therefore, this is Bidd‘ah. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. (Related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)... read more here.
Question 9: What is the ruling on observing Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)? Is it better to observe Sawm on the day that precedes it, the day that succeeds it, all the three days, or on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ only? Please clarify the matter. May Allaah reward you with the best!
Answer: It is a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) to observe Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ for the authentic Hadeeths in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated so. The Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned that the Jews used to observe Sawm on that Day because it was the day on which Allaah (Exalted be He) rescued Prophet Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him)and his people and destroyed Pharaoh and his people. Our Prophet Muhammad thus, observed Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ to express his gratitude to Allaah, advised Muslims to do so, and directed us as well to observe Sawm on the day preceding or succeeding it... read more here.
Question 8: I am a young man whom Allaah (Exalted be He) guided to the right path. I like to observe Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram) and on all other virtuous days beside Ramadaan.
My question is whether it is permissible to depend on the calendar to determine the start of Muharram, or is it better to observe Sawm on the two days preceding and succeeding ‘Ashooraa’ to be on the safe side? May Allaah reward you with the best!
Answer: You have to depend on sighting the new moon, but if the efforts to sight the new moon failed, stay on the safer side by completing Dul-Hijjah thirty days... read more here.
Question 7: Many Muslims are keen to observe Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram) as Du‘aah (callers to Islaam) always encourage them to do so. Why do you not then direct people to sight the new moon of Muharram then broadcast the news of the confirmed sighting via the media?
Answer: It is a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) to observe Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’, for Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) observed Sawm on that day. Prophet Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him) also observed this Sawm as an expression of gratitude to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). They did so because on that Day Allaah rescued Moosaa and his people and destroyed Pharaoh and his people... read more here.
Question 6: On the ninth and tenth of Muharram, Muslims wake up early, go to rivers and swim there. They claim that Allaah (Exalted be He) replaces the water on this day with fresh water. After sunrise, men and women shake hands. What is the ruling on this in Islaam?
Answer: Men swimming with women and then shaking hands on the ninth and tenth of Muharram is a great Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) and impermissible. Those who do so must be reproved, and the governor should stop them from doing so... read more here.
Question 5: What is obligatory for a Muslim to do on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)? Should they pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on that day?
Answer: It is prescribed for a Muslim to observe Sawm (Fasting) on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’, as it was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered his Sahaabah (Companions) to observe Sawm on that day. However, when the Sawm of Ramadaan was enjoined, it became permissible either to fast or not to fast on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’. No Zakaat-ul-Fitr is to be paid on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ as due on ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) after the month of Ramadaan… read more here.
Question 4: Hadeeth – “Anyone who bathes on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ will not be sick during that whole year.”
Answer: All the Hadeeths mentioned in respect of bathing on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram), wearing Kuhl (antimony powder eyeliner), dying (with Henna), in addition to other acts observed by Ahl-ul-Sunnah (those adhering to the Sunnah) in opposition to the Shiites are Mawdoo‘ (fabricated Hadeeth) except for those mentioned about Sawm (Fast).
Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him) mentioned in “Al-Fataawaa” Volume (4) page (513) what reads: (Some people among those who claim themselves as followers of the Sunnah narrated many Hadeeth Mawdoo‘ on which they based what they made as a slogan for them on that day – meaning the day of ‘Ashooraa’ – with which they also contradicted with those people – meaning Al-Raafidah (a Shiitic group). Therefore, they confronted a void act with another void act, and refuted a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion) by introducing another. Nevertheless, there was one which was indeed more grievous and supportive of the atheists than the other – he meant the Bidd‘ah of Al-Raafidah – such as the long Hadeeth that reads… read more here.
Question 3: Is it permissible to comb the hair during the first ten days of the month of Muharram (New Year)?
Answer: It is permissible to comb the hair on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram), and during the days preceding it in the month of Muharram, as on any other day… read more here.
Question 2: Here in Yemen, we have a printed material that is issued every Hijree (lunar) year entitled: (Calendar of Yemeni Astronomer, known as the calendar of Bayt Al-Faqih), produced by Mahdy Amin. It should be mentioned that this man died, but his grandson, Ahmad Muhammad Mahdy Amin, is still publishing and distributing thousands of copies of this release all over the cities and villages of Yemen. This calendar shows people’s horoscope and luck as well as the future horoscope of people in authority, Yemeni regions and Arab countries, and also shows what will happen in the Hijri months all over the year. Its owner mentions the following in the calendar in page 3 for year 1417 A.H.: (The Yemeni Astronomer looks into your horoscope and luck as well as the future using stars, the sciences of Jafr (knowing the predestination and the Unseen), Al-Zirgah (knowing the answers of certain questions in a certain way) and Sand (knowing the Unseen by drawing some lines in the sand…etc). However, many of the common laymen and semi-educated people believe in and appreciate this calendar. Attached is a copy of it for clarification.
My questions are :
a- Is it permissible to write, publish and distribute it?
b- What is the ruling on whoever distributes, sells, or buys it?
c- Is it permissible to read and believe in all or part of what is mentioned in it? And what should be the response to anyone who claims that some of that which is mentioned in it occurs?
d- What is the ruling on money earned from publishing, writing, printing, distributing or selling it?
Answer: It is impermissible to make, publish, sell or distribute this calendar, for it includes false sayings that denote Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), as it involves claiming the knowledge of Ghayb (the Unseen) and the good or bad future events occurring to countries and people, which is definitely an act of Kufr in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). This also constitutes a false claim of sharing with Allaah (Exalted be He) the Knowledge of the Ghayb that is known only to Him, as He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.
Question 1: Is it permissible to congratulate non-Muslims on the occasion of the new Gregorian year, the new Hijree (lunar) year, and the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?
Answer: It is not permissible to offer congratulations on such occasions; for it is not Mashroo‘ (Islaamically permissible) to celebrate them… read more here.