Is it permissible to distribute food offered in fulfillment of a vow made for Awliya’ (pious people)

Question 10: Is it permissible to distribute food offered in fulfillment of a vow made for Awliya’ (pious people) among people? Is it permissible to celebrate this and hang out flags?

Answer: First, Allaah has praised those who fulfill vows of obedience, and promised them good rewards. Allaah says, They (are those who) fulfil (their) vows He also says… read more here.

I made a vow to give all my salary in charity if I became a teacher

Question 9: I made a vow to give all my salary in charity if I became a teacher. It is worth mentioning that I am not quite sure of this vow, but it is most likely true. My question is: What should I do with my salary which is 4,200 Riyals? Am I permitted to take it in order to avoid asking people, especially that I am married and have two kids. My living necessities are many and I am separated from my husband due to Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) reasons, but divorce has not occurred yet. Besides, I have a maid servant.

Answer: It is sufficient to give in charity one third of your salary, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

A person vowed to meet the Custodian of the Two Sacred Mosques, but he did not do that

Question 8: My mother vowed to meet the Custodian of the Two sacred Masjids to explain her personal conditions and her injured son’s conditions. She also vowed to offer a sacrifice as charity for the sake of Allaah because her son survived an accident and got out of the hospital. What should she do?

Answer: Your mother does not need to fulfill her vow of meeting the Custodian of the Two sacred Masjids; because this is a permissible vow… read more here.

A person vowed to hold a banquet if their neighbor was granted a child, but they did not fulfill it

Question 7: More than five years ago, I had a neighbor who lived next door. He and his wife had been receiving treatment for the sake of having children. They remained childless even though they had been married for more than eight years. One day when I was talking to that neighbor, I made a vow that if Allaah (Exalted be He) granted them a child, I would hold a banquet to share the pleasure of having a child. Some time later, Allaah (Exalted be He) granted them a baby girl. When I told him that I was going to fulfill my vow, he refused on account of my poor living conditions. What is the opinion of Your Eminence? What should I do?

Answer: The vow you had made falls under the category of vowing to do a Mubah (permissible) act… read more here.

I vowed to give my daughter in marriage to the first son born to my brother

Question 6: I have a daughter who is now around fourteen years old. I vowed to give her in marriage to the first son born to my brother. My brother got married and had a boy who is now about twelve years old. However, the boy is noticeably much younger than my daughter; literally he looks like an eight-year-old boy, not to mention his immature conduct. My daughter is about to get married, but she is not satisfied with him. I am very confused. I hope that your Eminence will provide me with a Fatwaa on this regard, May Allaah grant you success!

Answer: Your vow is considered valid and you have the choice either to fulfill it or not… read more here.

Should a person who is fifteen or sixteen years old fulfill their vow?

Question 5: When we were about fifteen or sixteen years old, and my colleagues and I made a vow to go on a picnic with our wives when we get married. Afterwards, one of us died without getting married. Now each of us has a wife. Please give us your Fatwaa concerning this. May Allaah reward you best!

Answer: The two who got married have to fulfill their vow, as long as it entails nothing prohibited… read more here.

She vowed to give her share of inheritance as a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) on behalf of herself

Question 4: Praise be to Allaah Alone, and may peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has read the question submitted by His Eminence Head of the Courts of Tabuk, which was referred to the Committee by the General Secretariat of the Council of Senior Scholars, by number (4241), dated 14/7/1421 A.H. His Eminence’s letter included a question submitted by a Muslim sister, which goes as follows:

Please be advised that the lady (…) came to me with her husband (…) and told me that her father died and left money and real estate. She claimed her share in the inheritance. When her mother knew about this, she got angry, thinking that her daughter was avaricious. So, the lady told her mother, “I want to keep aside the share of my handicapped sister and that of my brother, and I concede my share.” However, her mother was not convinced and she disavowed her and everyone that takes their shares. So, the daughter vowed to give her share of the inheritance as a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) on behalf of herself and her father. Her mother refused to shake hands with her and pushed her away. What should she do with that vow? Is it effective? What should she do to clear her conscience? It should be noted that part of her share in the inheritance is a building in which her brother is a partner. Can she take its profits and give them as a Sadaqah? After making this vow, she also said in the same situation, “My share (of the inheritance) is unlawful for me and my children.”

Please advise according to what was mentioned concerning the ruling on this vow and whether it should be fulfilled; keeping her share with her brother and giving the profits as a Sadaqah; and the ruling on declaring this share unlawful for her. May Allaah reward you and protect you. Salam (Islamic greeting of peace).

Answer: Having studied the Fatwa request, the Committee answered that the mentioned vow was made out of anger… read more here.

A person swore to pay a large sum of money that is far beyond their capability

Question 3Several years ago, I took an oath not to do a certain thing, and that I would donate a very large sum of money if I did it. I did this as a way to deter my evil-inclined self, but I broke this oath more than once, and I donated this sum of money, and confirmed the previous oath by another one, with a larger sum of money. What should I do if the latest sum of money is far beyond my capability?

Answer: If you intended by this vow to refrain yourself from doing a certain thing, you have to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) of breaking an oath… read more here.

My father wanted to marry me with Shighaar marriage, I made a vow to observe Sawm (Fast)

Question 2My father wanted to marry me off to someone by way of Shighaar marriage (exchange of daughters or sisters for marriage with no mandatory gift to a bride from her groom). I made a vow to observe Sawm (Fast) for nine months if this marriage did not take place. As the marriage did not really take place, do I have to fulfill the vow I made? I was fourteen when I made the vow and I had not started to menstruate yet. Also, I doubt whether I had other signs of puberty at that time or not. I observed Sawm for a whole month and then stopped. Do I have to fulfill the vow or not? May Allaah safeguard you! Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

Answer: You are not required to fulfill the vow you made because you doubt whether you had reached the age of Takleef… read more here.

I frequently take oaths; some of them deliberately and others unintentionally

Question 1: I frequently take oaths; some of them deliberately and others unintentionally. Must I offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for these oaths? Furthermore, I had an argument with my brother and swore not to enter his house until my death even if one of my relatives would die in his house. I really intended never to enter his house, but I was forced by my mother to enter it, because she told me that she would be angry with me if I did not visit my brother. Also, my brother apologized to me.

Now, should I offer Kaffaarah for the oath I took? I did not enter my brother’s house for one month after the oath I swore, but later I was forced to enter it at my mother’s request. Please answer me. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: When someone takes an oath and breaks it, they have to offer Kaffaarah. Unintentional oaths are pardoned, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.