Is the book, “Safwat al-Tafaaseer” by Muhammad `Alee Al-Saaboonee a reliable Tafseer?

Question 140: Is the book “Safwat Al-Tafaaseer” authored by Shaykh Muhammad `Alee Al-Saaboonee considered a good reference in Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan)?

Answer: It is not a good reference because of the points of criticism of the book which the scholars have pointed out... read more here.

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What is the linguistic and Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) meaning of Wa’d?

Question 139: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (the meanings of which are translated as): And when the female (infant) buried alive (as the pagan Arabs used to do) is questioned: What is the linguistic and Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) meaning of Wa’d? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Wa’d is burying alive a female infant. The Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) mentioned in the question refers to what the pagan Arabs of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) used to do by burying their female infants alive because of their hatred of girls... read more here.

The story of Tha’labah ibn Haatib who refused to pay Zakaah during the lifetime of the Prophet

Question 138: Al-Ittihaad Journal published in its special edition of Ramadaan under a competition entitled, “Names to remember in the Qur’aan”, a question (no. 22) that reads as follows: A Sahaabee (Companion) asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) to supplicate to Allaah to provide him with wealth but when he became wealthy, the Messenger (peace be upon him) asked him to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity) but he refused to pay. After the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him), this Sahaabee sent Zakaah to Aboo Bakr but he did not accept it. Again he sent it in the caliphate of `Umar but he did not accept it either. Later on, he died in the caliphate of `Uthmaan.

What is the true story of this Sahaabee? Should not a Fatwaa’ (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) be issued to deny or confirm this story?

Answer: Tha`labah ibn Haatib or ibn Aboo Haatib Al-Awsee Al-Ansaaree is one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) who witnessed the Battles of Badr and Uhud. He (may Allah be pleased with him) is innocent of what has been ascribed to him. According to a false story, he came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) to supplicate to Allaah for him to provide him with wealth. The Prophet (peace be upon him) supplicated to Allaah for him and Allaah made him wealthy but he refused to pay Zakaah, and thus the Aayah of Soorah Al-Tawbah was revealed... read more here.

In which Soorah is the order of purifying oneself of Janaabah mentioned?

Question 137: In which Soorah (Qur’aanic chapter) is the order of purifying oneself of Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge) mentioned?

Answer: The order of purifying oneself of Janaabah is stated in Allaah’s saying: If you are in a state of Janaabah (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body). It can be found in Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) no. 43 from Soorah Al-Nisaa’ and Aayah no. 6 from Soorah Al-Maa’idah... read more here.

Hadeeth, “Reciting Soorah Al-Takaathur equals the recitation of thousand Aayaat”

Question 136: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said,  “Can one of you not read a thousand Aayaat every night?” They said, “Who can afford this O Allaah’s Messenger?” He (peace be upon him) said, “Can one of you not read The mutual rivalry (for piling up of worldly things) diverts you, ? What is the degree of the authenticity of this Hadeeth?

Answer: We do not find any reference of this saying to the Prophet (peace be upon him)... read more here.

Hadeeth, “Soorah Al-Zalzalah equals half of the Qur’aan and Soorah Al-Kaafiroon equals one fourth of the Qur’aan”

Question 135: 1. It was related on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said:  Anyone who recites it (i.e. Soorah Al-Zalzalah) in a night it is as if they have recited half of the Qur’aan. 

Answer: 1. The first Hadeeth was related by Ibn Al-Sunnee on the authority of `Ubays ibn Maymoon who said: “Yahyaa ibn Aboo Katheer narrated from Aboo Salamah ibn `Abdul-Rahmaan from Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said... read more here.

Hadeeth, “Anyone who reads the last Aayaat of Soorah Al-Hashr on the day …”

Question 134: “Anyone who reads the last Aayaat of Soorah Al-Hashr on the day or at night and died on that day or night, Allaah will admit them to Paradise.”

Answer: This is a false Hadeeth narrated by Ibn `Adee in Al-Kaamil and Al-Bayhaaqee in Al-Shu`ab on the authority of Sulaym ibn `Uthmaan Al-Fawzee from Muhammad ibn Ziyad Al-Alhaanee from Aboo Umamah. Ibn `Adee said in the biography of Sulaym ibn `Uthmaan: “He reported from Muhammad ibn Ziyad Al-Alhaanee Hadeeths Munkar (rejected Hadeeths reported by a weak narrator whose narration conflicts with an authentic Hadeeth).”... read more here.

Hadeeth, “I wish that it (Soorah Yaa-Seeen) were instilled in the heart of every person in my Ummah”

Question 133: 

1.  If anyone recites Soorah Yaa-Seeen, it will be recorded for him as reciting the Qur’aan ten times. 

2. If anyone recites Soorah Yaa-Seeen at a night, his sins will be forgiven in the morning.

3. Recite (Soorah) Yaa-Seeen over your dead.

4. I wish that it (Soorah Yaa-Seeen) is in the heart of every person in my Ummah (Muslim nation). What is the degree of authenticity of these Hadeeths?

Answer: 1. The first Hadeeth is reported by Al-Tirmidee, Al-Daarimee and Al-Bayhaaqee. It is ranked as Da`eef (weak) by Al-Tirmidee who said: “This is Hadeeth Ghareeb (a Hadeeth with a single narrator usually at the beginning of the chain of narration).”... read more here.

Hadeeth, “Recite (Soorah) Yaa-Seeen over your dead”?

Question 132: 

1.  If anyone recites Soorah Yaa-Seeen, it will be recorded for him as reciting the Qur’aan ten times. 

2. If anyone recites Soorah Yaa-Seeen at a night, his sins will be forgiven in the morning.

3. Recite (Soorah) Yaa-Seeen over your dead.

4. I wish that it (Soorah Yaa-Seeen) is in the heart of every person in my Ummah (Muslim nation). What is the degree of authenticity of these Hadeeths?

Answer: 1. The first Hadeeth is reported by Al-Tirmidee, Al-Daarimee and Al-Bayhaaqee. It is ranked as Da`eef (weak) by Al-Tirmidee who said: “This is Hadeeth Ghareeb (a Hadeeth with a single narrator usually at the beginning of the chain of narration).”... read more here.

Hadeeth: “Anyone who recites Soorah Yaa-Seeen in a night, their sins will be forgiven in the morning.”

Question 131: 

1.  If anyone recites Soorah Yaa-Seeen, it will be recorded for him as reciting the Qur’aan ten times. 

2. If anyone recites Soorah Yaa-Seeen at a night, his sins will be forgiven in the morning.

3. Recite (Soorah) Yaa-Seeen over your dead.

4. I wish that it (Soorah Yaa-Seeen) is in the heart of every person in my Ummah (Muslim nation). What is the degree of authenticity of these Hadeeths?

Answer: 1. The first Hadeeth is reported by Al-Tirmidee, Al-Daarimee and Al-Bayhaaqee. It is ranked as Da`eef (weak) by Al-Tirmidee who said: “This is Hadeeth Ghareeb (a Hadeeth with a single narrator usually at the beginning of the chain of narration).”... read more here.

Are some Aayaat and Soorahs of the Qur’aan superior to others?

Question 130: Is it true that reciting some Soorahs (Qur’aanic chapters) and contemplating their meanings has a greater reward and merits than other Soorahs, such as Soorah Yaa-Seeen? What are these merits?

Answer: Superiority of some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) and Soorahs over others is well confirmed in the Sunnah, such as the virtue of Soorah Al-Faatihah, Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’aanic Verse of Allaah’s Chair, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255), Soorah Al-Ikhlaas and others, taking into account that all Soorahs are the True Words of Allaah. The superiority of some Soorahs and Aayaat over others is attributed to the special meanings contained within each and the confirmation of their excellence by the Sunnah... read more here.

Ruling on ruling explaining the meaning of Zalzalah in Soorah al-Zalzalah by shaking grains of sand

Question 129: In kindergarten, female teachers teach the children some short Soorahs (Qur’aanic chapters) and explain the meaning of some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) using sensory means to illustrate the meaning. For instance:

– In Soorah Al-Qaari`ah, for the Aayah in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says, …like carded wool. We show the children some wool.

– In Soorah Al-`Aadiyat, we show the children pictures of some horses. – In Soorah Al-Zalzalah, we bring the children a piece of wood on which we put some grains of sand and shake them in order to explain the meaning of Al-Zalzalah (earthquake). In the story of Aadam’s creation (peace be upon him) from clay, we show the children a lump of clay. Is it permissible for us to do that knowing that most of the female teachers have little knowledge about Tawheed al-Asmaa’ wa al-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes)? Please advise! May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: You must stop explaining the meaning of the Qur’aan in the way mentioned above for the following reasons: First: Muslims in the past and present did not adopt that way in explaining the Glorious Qur’aan. Scholars unanimously held that the Qur’aan is to be explained through writing and orally, which were proved to be sufficient for the person whom Allaah willed to guide and benefit... read more here.

Ruling on showing the children pictures of some horses when explaining Soorah al-`Aadiyat

Question 128: In kindergarten, female teachers teach the children some short Soorahs (Qur’aanic chapters) and explain the meaning of some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) using sensory means to illustrate the meaning. For instance:

– In Soorah Al-Qaari`ah, for the Aayah in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says, …like carded wool. We show the children some wool.

– In Soorah Al-`Aadiyat, we show the children pictures of some horses. – In Soorah Al-Zalzalah, we bring the children a piece of wood on which we put some grains of sand and shake them in order to explain the meaning of Al-Zalzalah (earthquake). – In the story of Aadam’s creation (peace be upon him) from clay, we show the children a lump of clay. Is it permissible for us to do that knowing that most of the female teachers have little knowledge about Tawheed al-Asmaa’ wa al-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes)? Please advise! May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: You must stop explaining the meaning of the Qur’aan in the way mentioned above for the following reasons: First: Muslims in the past and present did not adopt that way in explaining the Glorious Qur’aan. Scholars unanimously held that the Qur’aan is to be explained through writing and orally, which were proved to be sufficient for the person whom Allaah willed to guide and benefit... read more here.

Showing the children some wool when explaining the Aayah in which Allaah says, “like carded wool” in al-Qaari`ah

Question 127: In kindergarten, female teachers teach the children some short Soorahs (Qur’aanic chapters) and explain the meaning of some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) using sensory means to illustrate the meaning. For instance:

– In Soorah Al-Qaari`ah, for the Aayah in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says, …like carded wool. We show the children some wool.

– In Soorah Al-`Aadiyat, we show the children pictures of some horses.

– In Soorah Al-Zalzalah, we bring the children a piece of wood on which we put some grains of sand and shake them in order to explain the meaning of Al-Zalzalah (earthquake).

– In the story of Aadam’s creation (peace be upon him) from clay, we show the children a lump of clay.

Is it permissible for us to do that knowing that most of the female teachers have little knowledge about Tawheed al-Asmaa’ wa al-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes)? Please advise! May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: You must stop explaining the meaning of the Qur’aan in the way mentioned above for the following reasons: First: Muslims in the past and present did not adopt that way in explaining the Glorious Qur’aan. Scholars unanimously held that the Qur’aan is to be explained through writing and orally, which were proved to be sufficient for the person whom Allaah willed to guide and benefit... read more here.

Is it permissible for Muslims to read the Injeel (Gospel) to know how far it is evil?

Question 126: Is it permissible for Muslims to read the Injeel (Gospel) to know how far it is distorted?

Answer: It is not permissible for a believer to read the Tawraah (Torah) and Injeel, for their texts have been distorted and changed, and Allaah (Glorified be He) has spared Muslims any need for them by revealing the Noble Qur’aan, which has been preserved from any change or distortion... read more here.

What is the ruling on swaying while reciting the Qur’aan?

Question 125: What is the ruling on some people who sway from right to left and backwards and forwards while reciting the Qur’aan? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Swaying while reciting the Qur’aan is one of the habits that should be abandoned. It contradicts the etiquettes required when reciting the Qur’aan. When reciting or listening to the Qur’aan, a person should listen carefully and not play with things so that the listener and the reciter ponder over the meanings of the Qur’aan and their hearts be submissive to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)... read more here.

Is it permissible to punish those who do not follow the Qur’aan?

Question 124: Is it permissible to punish those who do not apply the Qur’aan?

Answer: The ruler should discipline them with what they legally deserve, according to the extent to which they neglect to follow the Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet)... read more here.

Is it permissible to read the Qur’aan in English?

Question 123: A friend told me that anyone who reads the translated meanings of the Qur’aan in English will have no reward, is this true?

Answer: The Qur’aan can only be recited in Arabic, the language in which it was revealed, because it is miraculous and no other language can provide the equivalent vocabulary. There is nothing wrong with translating the meanings of its words to those who need it and the translation shall take the same ruling as Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan)... read more here.

Tape-recording the Qur’aan starting with Soorah al-Naas until reaching Soorah Al-Baqarah

Question 122: Some education departments are asking about the possibility of tape-recording the Noble Qur’aan in an ascending order starting with short Soorahs (Qur’aanic chapters). This means to tape-record the Qur’aan starting with Al-Faatihah, since it is the opening chapter of the Qur’aan, and then Soorahs Al-Naas, Al-Falaq, Al-Ikhlaas, Al-Masad, Al-Nasr, Al-Kaafiroon, and so on until reaching Soorah Al-Baqarah…

Answer: It is not permissible to tape-record the Qur’aan in a reverse Surah order, by starting with Soorah Al-Naas and ending with Soorah Al-Baqarah, because the Surahs were given the current order due to the efforts exerted by the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) during the era of `Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him). Muslims have been using this order since then, even when teaching the Qur’aan to their children... read more here.

Is recording the recitation of the Qur’aan on cassette tapes lawful or not?

Question 121: Is the recitation of the Qur’aan through a recorder lawful or not?

Answer: Correct recitation of the Qur’aan slowly without Lahn (incorrect recitation due to mispronunciation of letters or grammatical mistakes) nor prolongation of vowels that changes the meaning of the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) is permissible whether the recitation is recorded on cassette tapes like that of the Imaams of the Sacred Masjid (mosque) in Makkah, or the recitations of Shaykh Al-Hudayfee and Shaykh Al-Husaree, or not recorded. There is nothing wrong with all this... read more here.

Participating in reciting Qur’aan into microphones and receiving fees for recitation…

Question 120: I am a Qur’aan reciter and I participate in evening shows during Ramadaan. The fee that I receive is not more than twenty Egyptian pounds for one show, including the expenses of the speaker. However, one of my colleagues told me that the recitation that I do is Haraam (prohibited) and accordingly the fee that I receive is Haraam. He quoted in support of his view the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Recite the Qur’aan but do not use it as a means of obtaining worldly benefits or earning your living.

Answer: This act that you do is not permissible. This is because it is considered Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) and a way of helping others in sin and transgression. Moreover, it is Haraam to receive a fee for reciting Qur’aan on such shows that propagate Bidd`ah, or on behalf of deceased people... read more here.

Dedicating the reward of Qur’aanic recitation to the dead or at graveyards

Question 119: What is the ruling on taking money in return for reciting the Qur’aan? Is there a special event that falls due on the fortieth day or one year following the death of a person as people in Egypt believe? Was this common in the era of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or was it introduced by the later generations?

Answer: Reciting the Qur’aan for the souls of the dead or reciting it in the graves or hiring someone to recite it is an act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) and is not permissible. Neither the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor his Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) did so... read more here.

Qur’aan reciters going around houses on the 23rd of Ramadaan to recite Qur’aan

Question 118: Here in Pakistan, in Deir city, some Qur’aan reciters go from one house to another to recite Qur’aan on the 23rd night of Ramadaan. They especially recite Soorahs (Qur’aanic chapters) Yaa-Seeen, Al-`Ankaboot, and Taa-Haa in return for a sum of money. What is the ruling on this matter?

Answer: This is an act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) that has no origin in the Qur’aan or the Sunnah. It is obligatory to quit it and warn people against it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who does an action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam) will have it rejected. And: Every newly-introduced matter is a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion), and every Bidd`ah is a Dalaalah (deviation from what is right). (Related by Muslim in his Saheeh)... read more here.

What is the ruling on receiving fees for teaching the Qur’aan?

Question 117: I work at Al-Saharaa’ School where we teach the Qur’aan to children in return for fees. Is it permissible to take fees for teaching the Qur’aan beside other subjects such as math, history, and so on? I teach the Qur’aan without Tajweed (reciting the Qur’aan following the rules of recitation), is this permissible? Please advise us.

Answer: It is permissible to take fees for teaching the Qur’aan besides the other subjects... read more here.

I teach children to memorize the Qur’aan in the Masjid but my mother refuses

Question 116: I wanted to work at a Masjid (mosque) to teach children memorization of the Qur’aan. I urged the parents and they did send their children. The problem is that my mother reproached me saying I have nothing to do with others as long as I offer my prayers and rely on Allaah. She asked me to leave other people’s children alone. So I explained to her the great reward of teaching the Qur’aan, but she was not convinced. She asked me why I wanted to sit with young children and be seen with them giving people reason to laugh at me. She said that people will go around saying I was sitting with the children of so-and-so. What should I do? Please enlighten me, may Allaah enlighten you!

Answer: Teaching the Glorious Qur’aan to children in the Masjid is a noble deed and you deserve to be thanked for doing it. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: The best among you are those who learn the Qur’aan and teach it. So continue your efforts to teach children having a sincere intention. Try to convince your mother by talking kindly and leniently to her about the excellence of what you are doing... read more here.

Ruling on granting prizes for memorizing the Qur’aan

Question 115: The people in charge of Qur’aan memorization lessons at a charitable school give prizes as incentives. They reward the students with tapes of scholars’ lectures or a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan) to encourage them to memorize the Qur’aan. What is the ruling on such gifts? It is worth mentioning that some people claim that students only memorize the Qur’aan for the sake of gaining these prizes, and this leads to not being sincere to Allaah with regard to their intention. Please advise, may Allaah reward you the best!

Answer: It is permissible to offer monetary prizes to students to encourage them to memorize the Qur’aan. However, the students’ attention should be directed to the necessity of making their intentions sincerely for the Sake of Allaah with regard to memorizing the Qur’aan, with the knowledge that prizes come as a consequence. Accordingly, receiving these gifts should not be the reason for memorizing the Qur’aan... read more here.

What is the end of Aayah al-Kursee (Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) ?

Question 114: When I recite Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’aanic Verse of Allaah’s Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255), should I stop at Allaah’s Statement: And He is the Most High, the Most Great. Or should I complete the recitation to the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse): There is no compulsion in religion.

Answer: Aayat-ul-Kursee is only Allaah’s Statement: Allaah! Laa ilaahaa illaa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists). Up to the end of the Aayah, which is Allaah’s Statement: And He is the Most High, the Most Great.... read more here.

Reciting the Soorahs order in backwards, from al-Naas onwards

Question 113: I am a teacher of Qur’aan in a circle for memorizing the Qur’aan in a Masjid (mosque) in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. I have a question whose answer I would like your Eminence to send to the Islaamic Propagation Office in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. The question is: I teach children the short Soorahs (Qur’aanic Chapter). They recite to me what they have memorized in the following order: Soorah Al-Naas then Soorah Al-Falaq then Soorah Al-Ikhlaas and so on until Soorah Al-Duhaa, for example. Is there anything wrong with reciting the Qur’aan according to this order?

Answer: There is nothing wrong with doing so... read more here.

I was advised not to memorize the Qur’aan without the assistance of a shaykh

Question 112: One of my teachers advised me not to go far in memorizing the Qur’aan without having a shaykh in order to avoid making mistakes. Is this true?

Answer: It is better to learn and memorize the Qur’aan at the hand of a good reciter who can recite well, if this is possible. If it is not, you should try to recite the Qur’aan according to you ability, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope. The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: The person who recites the Qur’aan with difficulty and falters in it shall have a double reward.... read more here.

Is it permissible to memorize the Qur’aan without learning Tajweed or Tafseer?

Question 111: Some young men and I have started to memorize the Qur’aan, but some of us do this without knowing the rules of Tarteel (slow recitation of the Qur’aan) or Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan). Is this act permissible?

Answer: Muslims are required to memorize the Qur’aan in a way that is free from Lahn (incorrect recitation due to mispronunciation of letters or grammatical mistakes). However, memorizing the Qur’aan according to Tajweed (reciting the Qur’aan following the rules of recitation) is one of the complementary factors that contribute to perfect recitation, which is to be applied as long as this is possible... read more here.

Is it Fard (obligatory) to memorize the Qur’aan?

Question 110: Is it Fard (obligatory) to memorize the Ever-Glorious Qur’aan?

Answer: Memorizing the Ever-Glorious Qur’aan is a collective obligation. It is not obligatory upon every individual in the Ummah (Muslim nation) to memorize it. However, memorizing the Qur’aan is one of the best Qurbah (good deeds by which Allaah’s Pleasure is sought). It is a great virtue, provided that the Muslim acts upon its rulings and abides by its Hudood (limits)... read more here.

Which is better; to listen to the Qur’aan or to recite it?

Question 109: Which is better; to listen to the Qur’aan or to recite it? What is the ruling in this regard?

Answer: Both reciting the Ever-Glorious Qur’aan and listening to it are of the good deeds. The Prophet (peace be upon him) heard the Qur’aan from Ibn Mas`ood and others. However, reciting the Ever-Glorious Qur’aan brings a greater reward, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said... read more here.

I do not want to memorize Qur’aan because of fearing of falling into Riyaa’ (showing-off)

Question 108: I love to recite and memorize the Qur’aan but whenever I remember Riyaa’ (showing-off), I fear to commit it, so I stop memorizing for fear of that. Could you kindly advise?

Answer: Seek Allaah’s Help, be sincere to Allaah, and start memorizing the Book of Allaah without hesitation. Resist and ward off Waswasah (insinuating thoughts from Satan), for they are tricks that frustrate and drive people away from doing good deeds... read more here.

Is it permissible for a Muslim to memorize Al-Faatihah, Al-Falaq and Al-Naas only?

Question 107: Is it permissible for a Muslim not to memorize anything but Soorahs Al-Faatihah and Al-Mu`awwidhatayn (two Soorah Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) without any attempt to memorize more Soorahs?

Enlighten us with your Fatwaa’, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: A Muslim should recite the Qur’aan frequently with contemplation and act according to its teachings. A Muslim should also memorize as much as he can of the Qur’aan and regularly revise the memorized portions in order not to forget them. Indeed, this contains great benefit... read more here.

Gathering the family to supplicate after completing a recitation of the entire Qur’aan

Question 106: Upon completing reciting the entire Qur’aan, I gather my family and say the known Du`aa’ Khatm Al-Qur’aan (supplication upon completing the reading of the entire Qur’aan) while they say “Aameeen.” After finishing this collective supplication, each one supplicates to Allaah for himself. Is this act Mustahab (desirable), which I should keep doing or is it a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion), which I should leave? Should I say Du`aa’ Khatm Al-Qur’aan for myself only? Or should I refrain from this supplication and recite the Qur’aan only?

Enlighten us with your Fatwaa’, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: The Glorious Qur’aan is the best Dikr (Remembrance of Allaah), for it is the Words of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). Allaah commands us to recite the Qur’aan, contemplate it, and act according to it. Supplicating to Allaah after performing Dikr makes it more likely for the supplications to be answered... read more here.

Du’aa’ after Khatm al-Qur’aan ascribed to Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah

Question 105: Is Du`aa’ Khatm Al-Qur’aan (supplication upon completing the reading of the entire Qur’aan) that is ascribed to the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah valid? According to the Sunnah, what should be done upon completing a Khatmah (one complete reading of the entire Qur’aan)?

Answer: We know of no authentic foundation for ascribing this Du`aa’ to the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. Furthermore, we did not read it in any of his books. However, it is widely ascribed to him. We do not know of anything wrong with it. It is also permissible for a Muslim to say other supplications, for there is no evidence in respect of singling out a certain Du`aa’ to be said upon completing a Khatmah... read more here.

Is it permissible to pause before ending a long Aayah to take a breath?

Question 104: Sometimes, an Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) is very long. Is it permissible to pause before ending the Aayah to take a breath while reciting in Salaah (Prayer), elsewhere, or during memorization?

Answer: There is no objection to pausing while reciting an Aayah to take a breath if there is a need for this, whether this occurs during Salaah or anywhere else. However, if the meaning of the Aayah is not complete or is disrupted because of this pause or because of beginning with what follows after this pause, it is preferable to repeat a part of the Aayah that would complete its meaning... read more here.

Is it permissible to recite the Qur’aan inversely?

Question 103: Is it permissible to recite the Qur’aan inversely in Salaah (Prayer), outside Salaah or when memorizing the Qur’aan?

Answer: It is not permissible to recite the Aayaat or the words of an Aayah inverted. The Aayaat must be recited in the same order as their words and according to their sequence in the Glorious Qur’aan. The order of the Aayaat is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion), as reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)... read more here.

What is the ruling on ‘Hadr recitation’ style of the Qur’aan?

Question 102: What is the opinion of Your Eminence regarding reciting the Qur’aan with the style known as Hadr (reciting the Qur’aan rapidly yet following the rules) that is widespread in Saudi Arabia and the melodious recitation that is widespread in Egypt, which is characterized by protraction?

Answer: It is a prerequisite to recite the Qur’aan in the proper and right way at a slow pace. It is also recommended to recite it in a good voice. Actually, Hadr is a good style for reciting the Qur’aan. However, melodious and very slow-paced recitation is not permissible as it resembles singing. In fact, the Qur’aan should be protected and be far above being recited as such... read more here.

Is it permissible to recite Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) in a converse order?

Question 101: Is it not permissible to recite the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) in a converse order? For example, may I say, “And at the earth, how it was spread out? And at the mountains, how they were firmly set? And at the heaven, how it was raised high? Do they not look.”

Answer: It is not permissible to recite the Qur’aan in such a manner. Actually, Aayaat are divinely ordered, and thus one may not recite them in an order different from that of the Qur’aan... read more here.

What is the ruling on making mistakes while reciting the Qur’aan?

Question 100: What is the ruling on making mistakes while reciting the Qur’aan?

Answer: A Muslim has to do his best to master the recitation of the Qur’aan and seek to recite it correctly. However, it is pardonable to make a mistake unintentionally while learning how to recite it... read more here.

Is it obligatory to recite the Qur’aan with Tajweed (following the rules of recitation)?

Question 99: Is it obligatory on me to recite the Qur’aan according to Tajweed (reciting the Qur’aan following the rules of recitation)?

Answer: Muslims should learn the Book of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) from a knowledgeable person who is well acquainted with the correct way of reciting the Qur’aan... read more here.

Saying “Basmalah” when starting Qur’aan recitation from the middle of a Soorah

Question 98: Should a person who recites from the middle of a Surah say Basmalah (saying, “Bismillaah Al-Rahmaan, Al-Raheem [In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful]”) or just say Isti`aadah (saying: “A`oodu bi-Allaahi Min al-Shaytaan-al-Rajeem [I seek refuge with Allaah from the accursed Satan]”)?

Answer: Anyone who recites the Qur’aan beginning with the middle of a Soorah should start with Isti`aadah and recite without Basmalah. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: So when you want to recite the Qur’aan, seek refuge with Allaah from Shaytaan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).... read more here.

Is it permissible for me to recite the Qur’aan while people are not listening?

Question 97: Is it permissible for me to recite the Qur’aan while people are not listening. Some Muslims say, “Do not raise your voice while reciting the Qur’aan for we do not listen to you, and thus you commit a sin.” Are they right and what should I do concerning this? Do I commit a sin?

Answer: The Glorious Qur’aan is the best Dikr (Remembrance of Allaah), for it is the Words of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). Allaah commands us to recite the Qur’aan, listen to it, contemplate it and act according to it. However, if the people around do not listen to the Qur’aan while being recited due to any reason, it will not be permissible for the reciter to raise his voice when reciting the Qur’aan. This is because raising one’s voice with recitation while those around are not paying attention does not achieve any benefit... read more here.

Is the reward for listening to recorded Qur’aan the same as for reciting Qur’aan?

Question 96: In my workplace, I listen to Qur’aan tapes and make a Khatmah (one complete reading of the entire Qur’aan) every ten days. Will the reward be equivalent to the tenfold reward given to a person who makes a Khatmah through reciting from the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan)?

Answer: The reward referred to is mentioned in the Hadeeth on the authority of `Abdullaah ibn Mas`ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) in which the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who recites a letter from the Book of Allaah will receive a Hasanah (rewardable good deed), and the Hasanah is multiplied by ten. I do not say that ‘Alif Laaam Meeem’ is a letter, but ‘Alif’ is a letter, ‘Laaam’ is a letter, and ‘Meeem’ is a letter. (Related by Al-Tirmidee) This reward pertains to a reader or reciter of the Qur’aan... read more here.

What is the ruling on listening to the Qur’aan while working?

Question 95: What is the ruling on listening to the Qur’aan while working (not while talking)?

Answer: It is permissible to listen to the Qur’aan while working... read more here.

Finding it hard to recite the Qur’aan due to medical issue? What to do?

Question 94: I am a sick man and I had a stroke that left me with a speech defect. I find difficulty in pronouncing the letters of the Qur’aan and sometimes the meaning changes. Therefore, I recite without pronouncing it out loud for fear of mispronunciation. Am I to be blamed for mispronunciation that results from speech defects?

Answer: You can recite the Qur’aan according to your ability, for Allaah (Exalted be He) says: So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can The Prophet (peace be upon him) says in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth:And anyone who falters while reciting the Qur’aan, and finds it difficult for him, will have a double reward.... read more here.

Is the reward for reciting the Qur’aan based on reading without understanding?

Question 93: Is the reward for reciting the Qur’aan and Dikr (Remembrance of Allaah) based on contemplating it or just on recitation without understanding or contemplation?

Answer: Reciting the Qur’aan along with contemplating it is greater in reward, for this combines a reward for recitation and a reward for contemplation. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …that they may ponder over its Aayaat When a Muslim recites the Qur’aan without understanding or contemplating its meaning, he will get a reward for the recitation. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:Anyone who recites a letter from the Book of Allaah will receive a Hasanah (rewardable good deed), and the Hasanah is multiplied by ten.... read more here.

Reciting the Qur’aan without knowing its Tafseer (interpretation)

Question 92: I heard from seekers of Islaamic knowledge that anyone who recites the Qur’aan without knowing its Tafseer (explanation/exegesis) is a sinner. Your Eminence, what is your opinion concerning this, given that I do not know Tafseer?

Answer: Reciting the Qur’aan, even without understanding its meaning, is considered of the righteous deeds which are rewarded. However, when the Muslim contemplates what he recites and thinks deeply about the meanings of Allaah’s Words, his reward is greater and he is going to be more affected by it. The claim of the person referred to in the question is a clear fault from which he should repent to Allaah (Exalted be He)... read more here.

Reciting the Qur’aan while the Mu’aththin is saying the Athaan

Question 91: When a person comes to the Masjid (mosque) before Athaan (call to Prayer), offers the obligatory Salaah (Prayer), sits to recite the Qur’aan and the Mu’addin (caller to Prayer) announces the Athaan while he is reciting; which is better to recite subvocally while the Mu’adhin is announcing the Athaan until he ends the fourth time of Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar” i.e. Allaah is the Greatest) of the first part of Athaan, then he stops reciting and follows the Mu’aththin from the beginning except when the Mu’aththin says: “Hayyi `Alaa Al-Salaah (Come to Salaah)” and “Hayyi `Alaa Al-Falaah (Come to success).” He would then follow the Mu’aththin until he completes Athaan to get the two rewards: the reward of following the Mu’aththin and that of the recitation done at the beginning of Athaan? Or should a person repeat after the Mu’aththin and stop recitation?

Answer: It is Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) to stop recitation and repeat after the Mu’aththin word by word. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “When you hear the Mu’addin, repeat what he says.” (Agreed upon by Bukhaaree and Muslim)... read more here.