Should Ramal (rapid ritual walk for men) also be done when returning to Saffaa?

Question 50:  Ramal (rapid ritual walk for men) should be done when going to Marwah, should it also be done when returning to Saffaa?

Answer: Yes, Ramal should be done when going from Marwah to Saffaa, as it is done when going from Saffaa to Marwah. An authentic Hadeeth indicates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did this… read more here.

Offering a sacrifice to make up for missing Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah

Question 49: I performed Hajj with my father and family last year, 1403 A.H. – praise be to Allaah – however my father was not able to perform Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah (final obligatory circumambulation around the Ka‘bah in Hajj) as he could not walk. I asked in the Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah) and was told that I should offer a sacrificial animal. However, due to my circumstances, I did not offer a sacrifice at the time. I left Makkah and I still have not offered this sacrifice that was obligatory on my father until now. Please advise me, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If the Tawaaf that your father missed was Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah (the Tawaf of Hajj), which is one of the Pillars of Hajj that the pilgrim should perform after leaving Muzdalifah, a sacrifice will not suffice for this. Your father must go back to Makkah to perform this Tawaaf (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah), whether he does it walking or carried… read more here.

Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah is sufficient, instead of Tawaaf-ul-Wadaa`

Question 48: A pilgrim performed all the pillars and obligations of Hajj except for Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah (final obligatory circumambulation of the Ka`bah in Hajj) and Tawaaf-ul-Wadaa`(circumambulation around the Ka`bah on leaving Makkah). He only performed Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah on the last day of Hajj; that is in the twelfth day of Dul-Hajjah, saying that it is sufficient for him even though he is not from the people of Makkah. He is from another city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. What is the ruling on him?

Answer: If the reality is as mentioned and he traveled from Makkah after performing Tawaaf Al-Ifaadah, it will be sufficient for him instead of both Tawaaf Al-Ifaadah and Tawaaf Al-Wadaa` if he had thrown Al-Jamaraat (stone pillars at which pebbles are thrown during Hajj)… read more here.

Missing one or more rounds of Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah)

Question 47:  If a pilgrim forgets to perform one of the rounds of Tawaaf-ul-ifaadah (final obligatory circumambulation around the Ka‘bah in Hajj) and does not realize it until leaving Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), what is the ruling on this? What should they do if they realize it after the minor Tahaalul (partial ending of the state of Ihraam through shaving the head and throwing pebbles at Jamaraat-ul-‘Aqabah before performing Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah), as this Tawaaf is one of the two acts that achieve minor Tahaalul?

Answer: If a pilgrim performs Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah and forgets one of the rounds of Tawaaf, and the period between the Tawaaf and remembering is long, they should perform the whole Tawaaf again… read more here.

A menstruating woman performing Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah)

Question 46:  Is it permissible for a menstruating woman to perform Tawaaf (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah)? I do not want to just hear the answer, because I already know it, but I would like to know the evidence on this. May Allaah guide you to what pleases Him!

Answer: Tawaf around Al-Bayt Al-`Ateeq (the Ka`bah) is the same as Salaah (Prayer), so it has the same conditions. The only difference between them is the permissibility of talking during Tawaaf. Therefore, Tahaarah (ritual purification) is a condition for the validity of Tawaf… read more here.

Performing Salaah and Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah) without Wudoo’ (ablution)

Question 45: One year, I performed `Umrah during Ramadaan. I assumed Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) from the Meeqaat (sites for entering the ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah ) and then performed all the rituals of `Umrah. However, when I reached Al-Tan`im in Makkah Al-Mukarramah I was in a state of minor impurity. Unfortunately, it was possible for me to perform Wudoo (ablution) then. When I entered the Sacred Mosque, I performed congregational Salaah. After Salaah, I performed Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah) and Sa`ee (going between Saffaa and Marwah during Hajj) while in a state of minor impurity. After that I cut my hair and removed the state of Ihraam. The question now is, what should I do, given that I am now far from the Sacred Mosque? What is the expiation required? I appreciate your advice! May Allaah reward you best!

Answer: First, it is unlawful for you to offer Salaah or Tawaaf while you are in a state of impurity. Hence, it is obligatory for you to make up for the Salaah you offered in a state of impurity, and to repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) and seek His Forgiveness for what happened… read more here.

Spending the night in Muzdalifah on the days of Mina because there is no place in Mina to stay in

Question 44: I performed Hajj with six men and seven women, and we all entered Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) for `Umrah from Abyar `Alee. Upon reaching Al-Bayt-ul-Haram (the Sacred House, another name for the Ka`bah) and before entering, we were overtaken by the crowds so that we feared losing sight of the women. Before passing through the door of Al-Bayt-ul-Haram, I told my father that we have to perform Wudoo’ (ablution), because I did not perform it, and neither did three of the women who were with me. However, my father reproached me and said that we could perform Wudoo’ inside, but I already knew that there were no places to perform Wudoo’ inside and I told him that. However, he continued reproaching me so I remained silent.

After that we entered Al-Bayt-ul-Haram and I said to him, “Where is the place of Wudoo?” He replied, ‘Just do Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah).’ I told him that it was impermissible to do Tawaaf without Wudoo’, but in vain. When I realized that there was no way that I could convince him and his company, I went outside Al-Haram and performed Wudu’, then I came back and performed Tawaaf, Sa`ee (going between Saffaa and Marwah during Hajj), and then I cut my hair short and left Al-Haram, unlike the three other women who did Tawaf and Sa`y without Wudoo’ and ended the state of Ihram based on that. On the eighth day we entered Ihram and on the ninth day headed to `Arafah. By sunset of the day of `Arafah we took the buses and went to Muzdalifah where we arrived at approximately nine pm, and performed Maghrib (Sunset) and `Ishaa’ (Night) prayers shortened and combined. However, my father and his company said that we should move from this place due to the foul odor they perceived. Therefore, we got on the buses and found ourselves on the highway where the return direction was closed. This made us go all the way back until we reached `Arafah about twelve o’clock. We returned through this road to Muzdalifah but the road was densely crowded with cars, and we were trapped there until sunrise and we arrived at Muzdalifah once again. However, we could not find a place to sit, because there were tents everywhere, and so we had to set up our own tent in Muzdalifah. We all went to throw the first Jamrah (stone pillars at which pebbles are thrown during Hajj) except for the women who delegated others to do that on their behalf. The whole group spent the eleventh night at Muzdalifah as well as the twelfth night, except for me as I spent it in Mina alone after feeling tired as a result of searching the whole night for a place where I could spend the night.

After the first and second days of Tashreeq (11th and 12th of Dul-Hijjah) were over, and throwing Jamaarat as well as performing Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah (final obligatory circumambulation of the Ka`bah in Hajj), I went with the three other women who made Tawaf without Wudu’, and told them to enter Ihram from Al-Tan`im, make Tawaaf, Sa`ee and do Taqseer (taking a finger-tip length from each tuft of hair). At night we all did Tawaaf-ul-Wadaa` (circumambulation of the Ka`bah on leaving Makkah) and returned to our family. Please advise me regarding the validity of this Hajj! May Allaah reward you the best. What should we do? Kindly give us you Fatwaa!

Answer: First, you do not have to slaughter a sacrificial animal for not spending the night in Muzdalifah, because this happened against your will. Second, you are not required to offer a sacrificial animal for spending the night in Muzdalifah on the days of Mina if you did not find a place to stay in while you were there… read more here.

Tahaarah (ritual purity) is a condition for the validity of Tawaaf

Question 43: Last Ramadaan, I performed Ghusl (ritual bath) to assume Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) at the Meeqaat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah), but I forgot to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) after the Ghusl. I then performed Salaah (Prayer) at the Meeqaat, Tawaaf (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah), and the Duhr (Noon) Prayer. When I was in the al-Haram (the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah), I remembered that I had not performed Wudoo’. I searched for a Muftee (Islamic scholar qualified to issue legal opinions), but I did not find one at that time. One of the soldiers there told me about a man who could give me a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar). I went and asked him about the Salaah and Tawaaf that I performed with that Ghusl but without Wudoo’, and he told me that they were valid. Is this true?

And if Ghusl does not suffice instead of Wudoo’, what should I do about the Duhr Prayer and Tawaaf, and is my ‘Umrah valid?

Answer: The Fatwaa that you mentioned is not correct; you are still in Ihraam for ‘Umrah; if you have not yet returned to repeat the Tawaf while you are Taahir (ritually pure), you have to do the following: Go to Makkah as soon as possible as you are still in Ihraam, perform Tawaaf and Sa‘ee (going between Safa and Marwah during Hajj), and then shave or cut your hair… read more here.

Passing through Hijr Ismaa`eel while performing Tawaaf

Question 42: Is it permissible for a pilgrim, whether performing Hajj or `Umrah, to pass through Hijr Ismaa`eel (semi-circular short wall adjacent to the Ka`bah and considered part of it) during Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah)?

Answer: It is not permissible for a pilgrim, either performing Hajj or `Umrah, to pass through Hijr Ismaa`eel during Tawaaf, even if it is supererogatory Tawaaf. It will not discharge the obligation if they do; because Tawaaf is to circumambulate the Ka`bah, while the Hijr is part of the Ka`bah. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Performing Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah) in the upper floor

Question 41: I performed Hajj last year, 1400 A.H. When I returned from Mina on the second of the Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dul-Hijjah) just after midday, I went to perform tawaf-ul-Wada‘ (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah on leaving Makkah). We had walked from our tents, which were at the furthest part of Mina, to the Jamaraat (stone pillars at which pebbles are thrown during Hajj) and then to the Ka‘bah. When we arrived at Al-Haram (the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah), we found a huge crowd of people circumambulating the Ka‘bah who almost reached the corridors of the Masjid (mosque). It was midday and we were very tired from all the walking we did. My friend said to me, “Come, let us perform Tawaaf (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah) upstairs to avoid the crowds and the heat of the sun.” We performed Tawaaf and then returned to country. This year, when we came to perform Hajj, I asked about that some shaykhs at the Department of Scholarly Research, Ifta’, Daw‘ah, and Guidance in Mina. Some of them said that due to the crowds performing Tawaf downstairs, there was nothing wrong with our performing it upstairs. Others said that it was not permissible, because the second floor is higher than the Ka`bah. I hope that you will explain this point!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, there is no blame on you and your Tawaaf is valid… read more here.

Interruption during tawaaf of the Ka`bah

Question 40: A person was performing Tawaaf and before completing the fifth round, the Iqaamah (call to start the Prayer) was called, and as such, he performed the congregational Salaah and then began to complete his rounds of Tawaaf. Should this person complete the rounds of Tawaaf from the point where he stopped, or start all over again, beginning from Al-Hajar Al-Aswad (the Black Stone in a corner of the Ka`bah)?

Answer: The correct view in this case is that he does not cancel the 5th round; rather, he should complete it from where he stopped due to his Salaah with the Imaam… read more here.

Should Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar) be said by the Black Stone upon ending Tawaaf?

Question 39: Should Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”) by the Black Stone be said upon ending Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah) as was said upon beginning it?

Answer: Tawaaf of the Ka`bah is purely an act of worship. The basic principle regarding all acts of worship is that they are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) matters. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have said Takbeer while performing Tawaaf whenever he came across the Black Stone… read more here.

Cutting short the hair circularly on the lower sides only

Question 38: When some people shorten their hair after Hajj or`Umrah, they only shorten the back and the sides. When we advised them to shorten all the hair, they replied that this is not necessary? Now, we would like to know what is the proper way to fulfill this obligation?

Answer: It is obligatory to shorten or shave all the head after performing Hajj or `Umrah. What you have mentioned is not sufficient according to the soundest opinions of the scholars and it is not an act of the Prophet’s Sunnah… read more here.

Not spending the night in Muzdaifah and staying outside it till the `Eed morning because of the crowd

Question 37: After the sunset of the day of `Arafah on 9 Dul-Hijjah, 1404 A.H., my friend and I drove two cars, each of which was loaded with women and some men and boys. We moved from `Arafah to Al-Muzdalifah with other Hajeej (pilgrims). After part of the night had elapsed and before midnight, we reached Al-Muzdalifah, but the authorities did not allow us to enter the borderlines of the open areas there, and security soldiers kept telling us: ” Move it! Move ahead!”, so that when we reached the middle of Al-Muzdalifah, we did not find any entrances to these open areas, as the entrances were closed with the cars of the pilgrims – there were few entrances – and the other sides were blocked by iron road-blocks through which the cars could not pass, it was also impermissible for us to stand in front of these blocks, for the police kept preventing us and our cars,then they made us get out of it (Al-Muzdalifah) before offering Maghrib (Sunset) and `Ishaa’ (Night) Prayers, although we delayed them until it was almost midnight. After leaving Muzdalifah, we unwillingly lost each other. My friend went to throw Jamarat (stone pillars at which pebbles are thrown during Hajj) Al-`Aqabah and perform Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah (final obligatory circumambulation of the Ka`bah in Hajj), for he was not able to return to Muzdalifah as he did not know the way back. But I, following the traffic line, went toMina, then Makkah and thereof, I headed for `Arafah then I finally dismounted once again to Muzdalifah, nearly at the end of night after tiresome and exhausting efforts.

My question is:

1- should my friend and his companions expiate for not spending the night at Muzdalifah or not, although it was out of his hands? 

2- Should I also expiate even though I kept wandering all night, and despite the great trouble that I suffered without properly spending the night as it should be spent, for it was only a little part of the night?

Please enlighten us, knowing that there were many available places that we could not reach due to roadblocks  tents and other barriers!

Answer: If the case is as mentioned, none of you or your companions should expiate for not spending the night at Muzdalifah, for you did your best to spend the night there, but you could not make it, Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope. And:Allaah does not want to place you in difficulty and He (Exalted be He) also says… read more here.

What is the ruling on leaving Muzdalifah at midnight on the part of those who accompany their families?

Question 36: I performed Hajj with some families who hired my van for the Hajj journey. We left `Arafah at 9:00 P.M. And reached Muzdalifah at 2:00 A.M. But they insisted on not staying the night in al-Muzdalifah because they had their families with them and the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) permits them this. So we did not stay in Muzdalifah more than a quarter of an hour. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, that they had families with them and they were worried about their staying there throughout the night until dawn, there is no sin on you or on them for leaving, if you left Muzdalifah at 2 A.M… read more here.

If the Day of ‘Arafah coincides with Friday, will I receive the reward of performing Hajj 7 times?

Question 35: Some people say that if the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dul-Hijjah) coincides with Friday, as it is this year, anyone who performs Hajj that year will receive the reward of performing Hajj seven times. Is there any evidence for that from the Sunnah?

Answer: There is no authentic evidence for that. There are also some people who claim that it will be equal to performing Hajj seventy or seventy-two times, but there is no authentic evidence for that either… read more here.

Going to `Arafah before dawn for fear of crowd

Question 34: I went for Hajj with a Hajj campaign and we stayed in Mina during the night before the ninth of Dul-Hijjah, and then we left it to head towards `Arafah before Fajr (Dawn) Prayer. We prayed Fajr in `Arafah, because the people in charge of the campaign did this for fear of the crowds. Must we do any expiatory act?

Answer: You do not have to do anything, but it is better for the pilgrim to go from Mina to `Arafah after sunrise on the ninth day of Dul-Hijjah… read more here.

Permissible things for someone offering Hajj Tamattu` during the termination period

Question 33: I hope you can mention to me the permissible things for the pilgrim after ending the state of Ihraam for `Umrah in Tamattu` Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah with a break in between).

Answer: Anyone who enters Ihram for Tamattu` Hajj then performs the rituals of `Umrah, namely Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah), Sa`ee (going between Saffaa and Marwah) and shaving the head or cutting the hair short, can exit Ihram for his `Umrah and everything becomes permissible to him… read more here.

A woman performing Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah) with her face Uncovered

Question 32: Is it permissible for women who are performing Hajj or `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) to uncover their faces while they are making Tawaaf(circumambulation of the Ka`bah) in the presence of Ajaanib (men other than a husband or permanently unmarriageable male relatives)?

Answer: A woman’s face is part of her `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public) which is impermissible to be uncovered in the presence of non-Mahrams (not a spouse or unmarriageable relatives), whether she is performing Tawaaf or at other times, and… read more here.

A woman wearing gold while in the state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah)

Question 31: Is it permissible for the women to wear Burqu` (face veil) while in the state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah)? My wife wore it during the Hajj and when she returned from Hajj she was told that her Hajj is invalid because she wore the Burqu`. Is it permissible for the woman to apply perfume while in the state of Ihraam? Is it permissible for the woman to take contraceptive pills to stop menstruation during Hajj? Is it permissible for her to hold the hand of a man who is not a Mahram (spouse or permanently unmarriageable relative) of the people in their company for Hajj because of it being over-crowded and lest she gets lost? Is it permissible for her to assume Ihraam while wearing her gold jewels?

Answer: A – It is not permissible for the woman to wear Burqu` while in the state of Ihram. This is according to the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): A woman in the state of Ihram should not cover her face, or wear gloves. (Related by Al-Bukhaaree) If the woman did not know that wearing Burqu` in the state of Ihraam is not allowed, her Hajj is valid… read more here.

Someone in the state of Ihraam treading on grass, destroys a tree or some plants of the Haram with his car

Question 30: If a person in a state of Ihram destroys a tree or some plants of the Haram with his car, will there be any liability imposed upon him for this?

Answer: If someone destroys a tree or a plant outside the boundaries of Al-Haram, there will be no liability imposed upon him, except for paying its value to its owner, if there was any… read more here.

A bald man covering his head because direct contact with sunlight causes him harm

Question 29:  I want to perform Hajj In-Shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). My problem is that I am a bald man and my skin is very sensitive. Any sunlight affects my health and causes a severe rash on my scalp, and it makes the veins stand out on my head in general and on my face in particular. As you know, covering the head is one of the prohibited acts during Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah). Please, advise me in this case, knowing that I am a short man, and I cannot carry an umbrella, because it will harm the people around me. May Allaah protect and grant you success!

Answer: If the matter is as you describe, then you may cover your head whilst you are in Ihraam, and expiate for that by sacrificing a sheep and giving it to the poor in Makkah or by feeding six poor people in the sanctuary, giving each one half a Saa` (1 Sa`=3 kg. Approx.)… read more here.

A menstruating woman performing Hajj

Question 28: What is the ruling on a menstruating woman performing Hajj?

Answer: A menstruating woman is not forbidden to perform Hajj… read more here.

Wearing a sewn leather belt and stitched shoes while Ihraam is assumed

Question 27: What is the ruling on wearing a leather belt sewn by a sewing machine and stitched shoes?

Answer: It is permissible for someone who entered Ihraam for Hajj or `Umrah to wear a belt and a pair of shoes, even if they were sewn by a sewing machine… read more here.

Decisive determination to discontinue Hajj

Question 26: I went from Jeddah for Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only) on the eighth of Dul-Hijjah.I started Tawaaf-ul-Qudum (circumambulation of the Ka`bah on arrival in Makkah) and Sa`ee (going between Safaa and Marwah) but I was compelled to discontinue Tawaaf-ul-Qudum because of the crowds and I spent the night in Mina. By midday of the eighth of Dul-Hijjah and while I was still in Mina, I was struck by severe fever. I felt tired and I was in pain while looking for a shady place and so I intended to discontinue my Hajj and return home to Jeddah. I started my journey to Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah) intending to discontinue Hajj but I did not remove my Ihraam (cloth to be worn upon entering ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah). I reached Al-Haram and prayed the `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer of the eighth of Dul-Hijjah. Afterwards I was relaxed and since I was still in Ihraam, I returned to Mina and completed my Hajj. So, what is the ruling on intending to discontinue Hajj then going back to complete it?

Answer: The intention you made to discontinue Hajj does not affect your Hajj for you had already resumed Hajj… read more here.

Is it permissible for us to appoint a group leader during the Hajj journey?

Question 25: Is it permissible for us to appoint a leader during the Hajj journey or not?

Answer: It is prescribed for a group of three or more travelers to appoint one of them as the leader. It was reported in the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) of ‘Aboo Daawood, on the authority of ‘Aboo Sa‘eed Al-Khudree (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

A Muslim died and did not perform the obligatory Hajj, having met all obligation requirements

Question 24: A man died without having performed the obligation of Hajj and left a will that a part of his wealth should be used to perform Hajj on his behalf. My question is about the validity of such a Hajj; is performing Hajj on behalf of someone else equal to performing Hajj for oneself?

Answer: If a Muslim dies without having performed the obligation of Hajj, and they satisfy all the conditions that make Hajj obligatory on them, it is obligatory to perform Hajj on their behalf with the money they left, whether they left a will stating this or not. If another person performs Hajj on behalf of the deceased, provided that it is valid for them to perform Hajj (satisfy the conditions of being Muslim, sane, adult)… read more here.

A woman traveling to perform Hajj in the company of non-Mahram (spouse or unmarriageable relative)

Question 23: A middle-aged to elderly woman from Sheba, known for her piety, wants to perform Hajj, but she does not have a Mahram (spouse or permanently unmarriageable relative). There is a wealthy, pious man in the town, who wants to perform Hajj with some of his female Mahrams. Can this woman perform Hajj with that kind man and his female relatives, as she will stay in the company of the women and the man will only watch over, or is she exempted from Hajj due to the lack of a Mahram to accompany her, although she is financially able to go? Please give us a Fatwaa on this, as there is a disagreement over this issue among some of our brothers. May Allaah bless you!

Answer: A woman who does not have a Mahram is not obligated to perform Hajj, because having a Mahram is part of the means that render woman able to perform Hajj, and ability for it is one of the conditions that must be met in Hajj to make it obligatory. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

A woman, who did not perform the obligatory Hajj, deputized someone to perform Hajj on behalf of her mother

Question 22: A woman who has not performed Hajj for herself wants to pay someone from her money to perform Hajj on behalf of her mother. Is it permissible for her to give money to someone else to perform Hajj for her mother? She has not performed Hajj herself, because her husband and sons refuse to accompany her to perform it. Please advise us!

Answer: It is permissible for the woman mentioned in the question to pay an amount of money to be used for performing Hajj on behalf of her mother, if her mother has passed away or is unable to perform Hajj by herself due to her old age or incurable disease… read more here.

Is it obligatory on pilgrims to perform `Eed-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice) Prayer?

Question 21: some people take money (between 3,000 and 4,000 Saudi Riyals) to perform Hajj on behalf of another person, either because of illness or death of the person on whose behalf the Hajj is to be performed. The family of the person for whom a proxy Hajj is requested pays a sum of money to someone else to discharge this obligation on the part of their relative.The person performing the Hajj spends the usual sum on the Hajj expenses, such as buying the Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims) and other expenses, and takes the rest for themselves to pay their personal expenses, such as to buy provisions and suchlike. Is this correct? Is it permissible for a woman to perform such a Hajj? Also, should pilgrims offer Salaat-ul-‘Eed-ul-Adha (the Prayer for the Festival of the Sacrifice)?

Answer: It is permissible for someone to give another person a sum of money to perform Hajj on their behalf, either because they are unable to perform Hajj for themselves or for a deceased person, if the deputized person has already performed Hajj for themselves… read more here.

Deputizing someone to perform Hajj on behalf of a husband on the day of ‘Arafah

Question 20: My mother performed Hajj several years ago. On the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dul-Hijjah) she deputized someone to perform Hajj on behalf of my late father, as he did not perform Hajj during his lifetime. Is this a complete Hajj? The person began performing the Hajj from`Arafah. Is it permissible for us to perform another Hajj to be sure about it?

Answer: Assuming Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) on the Day of ‘Arafah, whether at `Arafah or other areas by the person deputized to perform Hajj on behalf of your father is valid… read more here.

Performing Hajj on behalf of one’s full sister who died

Question 19:  My sister died a long time ago, and I would like to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah and visit the Prophet’s grave on her behalf. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: If she was a legally competent person, you can perform Hajj and `Umrah on her behalf, provided that you have performed Hajj and `Umrah yourself… read more here.

Is it sinful to perform Hajj on behalf of a mother but not a father?

Question 18:  I performed Hajj on behalf of my deceased mother, but I did not perform Hajj on behalf of my deceased father, am I sinful not to perform Hajj for my father?

Answer: There is no sin on you for not performing Hajj for your father, because it is not obligatory on you to perform it on his behalf… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Hajj on behalf of someone who died before performing it?

Question 17: Should I perform Hajj on behalf of my parents who died without performing Hajj, for being financially unable to afford it due to their poverty? I intend to perform Hajj for myself and I would like to know the ruling of the Sharee`ah on this regard.

Answer: It is permissible for you to perform Hajj on their behalf, if you have previously performed Hajj or you may nominate someone else to perform Hajj for them by proxy, provided that this person has performed Hajj for himself… read more here.

Performing Hajj on behalf of others

Question 16:  If one cannot afford to perform Hajj and is asked to perform Hajj on behalf of one who has passed away, or an old man while he himself has no money except for that of his client, should he perform Hajj on behalf of his client or for himself?

Answer: One is not permitted to perform Hajj on behalf of another person if he did not perform it for himself… read more here.

Performing Hajj with ill-gotten money

Question 15: What is the ruling on the one who performs Hajj using ill-gotten money? Drug traders buy Hajj tickets with the revenues from selling drugs and send these tickets to their parents who know the source of this money. Is this Hajj acceptable or not?

Answer: Performing Hajj with ill-gotten money does not mean that the Hajj is not valid, but the person is sinning because he acquired it unlawfully… read more here.

Hajj is allowed only after depositing a sum of money in a usury-based bank

Question 14: In Turkey, whoever wants to perform Hajj should deposit one thousand Turkish Lira in a bank which is a big sum of money. It is worth mentioning that these banks are usurious and there is no other way to perform Hajj except this. Is Hajj obligatory in this case for the capable Muslim? If the Muslim performs Hajj, is it valid? Taking into consideration that by this they help the usurious banks and the country.

Answer: Hajj will be valid and what you have mentioned is not considered an excuse for postponing Hajj, if the person can perform it… read more here.

A father funding his elder son’s Hajj journey

Question 13: I have a twenty years old son and I own a car which he drives because I do not know how. I want to go for Hajj by car and I think this may be a good chance for my son, who is a student, to perform his obligatory Hajj. However, he heard that a person is not permitted to perform their obligatory Hajj using their father’s money. Rather, they should work to earn the money themselves to cover the cost of their Hajj. It may be worth mentioning that I live comfortably, by the grace of Allaah. Provide me with your beneficial answer. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is permissible for a son to perform Hajj using his father’s money… read more here.

Ruling on Hajj funded by the ruler

Question 12: What is the ruling on a person who performs Hajj on the expense of a ruler? A ruler may give his subjects some money and tell them: Go to Hajj with this money. Is it permissible for them to perform Hajj with it? If they do perform Hajj with it, will that count as the obligatory Hajj? I hope your answer will be supported with proofs.

Answer: It is permissible for them to do that and their Hajj is valid, because of the general relevant proofs in this regard… read more here.

Is the Hajj performed by young people before getting married valid?

Question 11: What is the religious opinion on the people who perform Hajj, but are not paying for it out of their own money?

Question 11: Is it valid for a young person to perform Hajj before getting married?

Answer: Firstly, there is nothing wrong with Hajj performed at the expense of other individuals by way of Sadaqah (voluntary charity)… read more here.

Is it permissible for a new convert to Islaam to enter Haram?

Question 10: Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has read what was sent by to the General Chairman by the Undersecretary of the Foreign Ministry for Political Affairs. This letter was referred to the Committee by the Administration of Scholarly Research and Ifta’. This letter is no. 23l that was sent in 1408 A.H. The Under secretary sent this message: “I have received a request from the Embassy of the Custodian of the Two Sacred Mosques in Bonn. It inquires if it is obligatory upon he who embraces Islaam to change his name in order to be admitted access to the sacred area in order to perform Hajj or not? Can he who does not change his name be admitted entrance to these places? I would like to receive an answer in order to send it to the embassy there.”

Answer: After reviewing the question, the Committee responded that if he confirms that he is a Muslim, he is legally permitted to enter to the sacred precincts regardless of his name… read more here.

Minors performing Hajj or `Umrah

Question 9: If a young boy or girl performs the obligatory Hajj, will it suffice to discharge the duty on their part or is it just considered a voluntary form of ‘Ibaadah (worship) whose reward goes to their parents?

Answer: If a minor performs ‘Umrah or Hajj, it is considered a voluntary form of ‘Ibaadah. It does not exempt them from performing the obligatory Hajj and ‘Umrah after reaching adulthood…. read more here.

Performing Hajj, if not making up for missed fasts of Ramadaan

Question 8: I would like to perform the obligatory duty of Hajj this year, but I have not made up for the days I missed during Ramadaan this year, because I was in my postpartum period and after that I was breastfeeding my baby. I therefore have been unable to make up for the days I missed before the time of Hajj.

Answer: It is obligatory on you to perform Hajj if you are able and you have a Mahram (spouse or permanently unmarriageable relative). You can make up for the missed fasts from Ramadaan afterwards, In-shaa’a-Allaah (if Allaah wills)… read more here.

Perforiming Hajj with brother without husband’s consent

Question 7: My sister performed Hajj without her husband’s permission. He works in the police of Makkah Al-Mukarramah. When I passed by him at his workplace to inform him, he agreed, as he cannot accompany her. She was accompanied by her 18 year old brother. Is the Hajj performed by this woman valid or Baatil (null and void)? I did not know of this matter except after she went. This woman is from the desert and does not know that this act is Haraam (prohibited) and now she is confused. Please, advise us, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, her Hajj is valid for her husband’s permission is not necessary to perform an obligatory act… read more here.

Seeking husband’s permission for Hajj

Question 6: I am a married woman for forty years. I’ve been asking my husband to perform Hajj and he agrees. However, every time he goes to perform Hajj or `Umrah he changes his mind and prevents me from accompanying him to take care of his sheep and cattle. Although he performed Hajj more than five times, he refuses my request to travel with my sons in law. Is it permissible to travel for Hajj with my son in law in spite of my husband’s rejection?

Answer: If your situation with your husband is as you described, you are obliged to travel with the said Mahrams (unmarriageable relatives), even if your husband does not give you the permission and provided that you have never performed the obligatory Hajj… read more here.

If Hajj is only possible in the company of innovators?

Question 5: We would like to inform you that many of our Sunni Muslim brothers who live on the Persian coast are desirous of performing the Islaamic obligation of Hajj. The problem is that they cannot travel in the company of the Shiite Iranians for fear of disputes that might occur during the journey. In addition, the neighboring Arab governments do not allow them to travel via their airways. Is it permissible for them to send expenditures of the journey to other Muslim brothers of another country to perform Hajj on their behalf? Please clarify this matter as you issue your fatwaa. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: They are obliged to perform Hajj if they are financially and physically capable, even if they must travel in the company of the Shiites. However, they should exercise extreme caution lest they be deceived by the false Shiite doctrines… read more here.


Performing the obligatory Hajj straightway

Question 4: May I delay performing Hajj for one or two years, although I can perform it this year, for the sake of visiting my family? If I perform Hajj this year, I will be away from my wife and family for two years. The rites of Hajj will be in the middle of summer vacation and I will not be able to visit my family and perform Hajj at the same time. I will either perform Hajj or visit my family. Can I delay performing Hajj in order to visit my family? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: A Muslim should hasten to perform the obligatory Hajj as soon as one is able to. They do not know what impediments may arise in the coming years if they delay performing it. Allaah (Exalted be He) states: And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty… read more here.

When is trading permissible during the Hajj?

Question 3:  Are major sins forgiven by virtue of Hajj Mabroor (Hajj sincerely done, not mixed with any sin, and is accepted by Allaah)? When is trade permissible in Hajj?

Answer: Firstly, it is authentically reported in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said that he heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) saying, “Anyone who performs Hajj and does not use obscene language nor commits a sin, will return (pure of sin) as on the day their mother gave birth to them.” (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Ruling on the Hajj

Question 2: Some people claim that there is no obligation to go to the holy lands to perform Hajj. They also say that whoever goes there, comes back more coarse and merciless. Most of these people are financially and physically capable of performing Hajj, but they are reluctant. What is the ruling on whoever says this? Do they come under the same mentioned Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) with regard to the fifth nullifier of Islaam?

Answer: Hajj is one of the pillars of Islaam. Whoever denies or resents it after the proof has come to him is a Kaafir (disbeliever) who should be asked to repent; if he repents, all is well and good, otherwise he should be killed… read more here.


When was Hajj prescribed?

Question 1: In which year, following the Hijrah (Prophet’s migration to Madeenah), was Hajj made obligatory? What is the most authentic report in this regard?

Answer: Scholars have differed concerning the year in which Hajj was made obligatory. It was said that it was in the fifth year after Hijrah. Others said that it was in the sixth year after Hijrah. It was also said that it was in the ninth or tenth year after Hijrah… read more here.