Giving restaurants and shops names like “Alhamdulillaah”, “Tawakkul `Alaa Allaah” and “Bismillaah”

Question 26: Praise be to Allaah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has reviewed the question presented by the secretary representative of the Secretariat of services of Riyadh to his Eminence, Chairman referred to the committee under no.139, dated08/01/1409 A.H. It reads:

I would like to tell Your Eminence that the Secretariat noted that some restaurants and butcher shops have taken names for themselves of which we doubt their validity. This happened in some of the parts of the city of Riyadh. Such names include; Al-Hamdulillaah (Praise be to Allaah) restaurant, Bismillaah (In the name of Allaah) butcher shop, and Tawakkul `Alaa Allaah (putting one’s trust in Allaah) butcher shop. We would like to enquire about the permissibility of using such names for shops and restaurants. Kindly give us your Fatwaa in this regard!

The Committee’s answer is as follows:

Answer: It is impermissible to name shops and restaurants using these names. This is because it implies a kind of disregard of the formulae of Allaah’s Remembrance and Names… read more here.

Naming someone as “Abdul-Deen” (Servant of the Religion)

Question 25: When I was young I was named `Abdul-Deen (servant of the religion) after my grandfather. Now, I am nineteen years old and some people criticize this name which I already doubt is appropriate. However, I have not found a suitable way to inform my father and grandfather about this. Is it permissible to name a person `Abddul-Deen. Kindly give us your Fatwaa! May Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is not permissible to use names such as`Abdul-Deen. You should make an effort to substitute that name with `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah, or any other permissible names… read more here.

Naming someone “Qamar-ul-Anbiyaa'” (lit. Moon of Prophets)

Question 24: My name is Qamar-ul Anbiyaa’ Al-Sanusee. I worked as an auditor in Jeddah eight years ago. When I went to renew my identity card, they asked me to change my name orto bring a legal Fatwaa that permits me to use this name. We consider this name to be a compound name like Sayf-ul-Islaam, in Sudan. This name is one of the attributes of the Prophet (peace be upon him). It means that he is the moon of the prophets. It is similar to other names of the Prophet (peace be upon him) as ‘Aboo Al-Qaasim. I Would like to know the ruling in this regard as all my papers bear this name such as the university certificate, birth certificate, identity card, and passport.

Answer: It is not permissible to call yourself by this name. You have to take the proper measures to change your name to another one that is not legally prohibited according to official bodies such as Abdullaah, Abdul-Rahmaan and the like… read more here.

Being called as “Abdul-Mu`tanee”

Question 23: I wish you would give your opinion concerning my name as I do not know whether it is one of the Names of Allaah (Exalted be He) or not. Is using this name permissible or should I change it? My name is Abdul Mu`tanee. I appreciate your guidance.

Answer: You have to change your name as it is not authentically reported that Al-Mu`tanee (careful) is one of the Names of Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Changing the names of new converts to Islaam

Question 22: There are many Kaafirs (disbelievers) in our country who do not offer Salaah (Prayer). Allaah (Exalted be He) guides some of them to Tawheed (Monotheism) through listening to sermons or through keeping good company. After they embrace Islaam, they go to scholars and ask them to change their names to Islaamic names. Is this Waajib (obligatory) or not?

Answer: It is not Waajib to change the names of the new convert to Islaam unless these names are unacceptable by Islaamic law such as: `Abd Yaghooth, `Abdul Hussayn, `Abdul `Uza, or `Abd Manaat… read more here.

Being called as “Subhaan Allaah” (Glory be to Allaah)

Question 21: This request is submitted to Your Honor by Mr. Subhaan Allaah (lit. Glory be to Allaah) Mianqil, a Pakistani residing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the city of Jeddah. I work as a Mu’addin (caller to Prayer) under the Saudi Ministry of Islaamic Affairs, Endowments, Da`wah and Guidance. The department of Hajj and Endowments has objected to my name. I hope that Your Honor will give me a fatwa on whether such a name is permissible from a Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) viewpoint. If impermissible, please give me a written petition so that I can change my name at the Passport Authority. Thank you very much!

Answer: You must change such a name as your personality does not denote Subhaan Allaah. Rather, Subhaan Allaah (Glory be to Allaah) is an utterance of Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah)… read more here.

Naming a newborn “Abdul Nabee”, “Abdul Maseeh”, “Abdul Rasool”

Question 20: What is the ruling on naming children : `Abdul Nabee (lit. Servant of the Prophet), `Abdul Maseeh (lit. Servant of Christ), and `Abdul Rasool (lit. Servant of the Messenger)?

Answer: It is impermissible as it is a form of deification of prophets and others causing people to worship them and as such entitling them untruthfully and falsely to one of the rights of Allaah… read more here.

Naming someone as “Ghulaam-ul-Rasool” Or “Ghulaam-ul-Nabee”

Question 19: In brief, some one was granted Saudi nationality under his name, i.e. Ghulaamul Rasool (lit. Servant of the Messenger). However, he does not feel comfortable with this name and wishes to change it unless it is permissible to be called as such.

Answer: Apparently, Ghulaam according to the dialect of those who name their children as such means servant. Thus, Ghulaamul-Rasul means servant (worshipper) of the Messenger. It is well-known that names such as Abdul-Rahmaan (lit. Servant of the Merciful), Abdullaah (lit. Servant of Allaah) and the like symbolizes the servant’s attachment to his Lord in the aspects of worship and submissiveness… read more here.

Naming someone as “Awnullaah”

Question 18: I am a man called `Awnullaah Ibn Raashid Al-`Utaybee. I have seen in a dream twice a voice calling me O Abdul-Mu`een! O, Abdul-Mu`een. Thus, I thought that my current name is a Makrooh (disliked) name that would be better changed. Is the name of `Awnullaah (lit. Allaah’s help) Makrooh and should it be changed? If so, may I change it to the name I was called in the dream, i.e. Abdul-Mu`een? Or, is it permissible to drop the sacred name (Allaah) turning my name into `Awn Ibn Raashid? Please, give me a Fatwaa!

Answer: Being called `Awnullaah is neither prohibited nor Makrooh according to Sharee`ah. The name, in fact, means help from Allaah, a meaning approved by and in line with the objectives of Sharee`ah. Accordingly, you need not change your name or any part of it… read more here.

Is it permissible to change a person’s name?

Question 17: I would like a Fatwaa from your Eminence with regard to my daughter. She is 4 years old now. When she was being delivered, her mother saw a vision during the pains of labor. She saw a man with a bright face and white clothes saying to her literally: “O my daughter, verily, along with every hardship is relief.” After that he asked her to name her daughter Yusraa (i.e., relief). I did not listen to her thinking that she could not have seen a good vision during the pains of labor. Therefore, I named her Faatimah. But she likes the name Yusraa more. When we call her by her name, she gets upset and cries. Her younger siblings aged 1,5 years and 3 years call her Yusraa. I hope you will issue a Fatwaa for me whether I can change her name from Faatimah to Yusraa according to the vision her mother saw during the pains of labor or not? May Allaah reward you in this world and in the Hereafter!

Answer: It is permissible for you to change your daughter’s name from Faatimah to Yusraa whether the vision her mother saw was true or not… read more here.

Naming someone as “Aboo Sakhr”

Question 16: I had a baby whom I named Sakhr (i.e. rock). Is it permissible to give him this name? If it is not permissible, should I offer a new `Aqeeqah (sacrifice for a newborn) for giving him a new name? Awaiting your reply as this is important.

Answer: There is no harm in the name you have mentioned and it is the same as the name of the noble Sahaabee (Companion of the Prophet), ‘Aboo Soofyaan ibn Harb… read more here.

Is it permissible to name someone Al-`Alee (The Most High)?

Question 15: I am submitting my inquiry to your Eminence, to inform you that I have torn my identity card which includes my full name that includes one of Allah’s Names which is “Al-`Alyy” (The Most High) written in this form: `Alee Sa`d Hasan Al-`Alee Al-Zahraanee. And since Highness is only due to Allaah (Exalted be He), this name is troubling me. Therefore, would you please advise me in this regard, so that my heart can rest in peace? May Allaah reward you the best of everything on behalf of all Muslims!

Answer: If the reality is as you have mentioned, there is no blame on you, for this name is your grandfather’s not yours, and because this name is meant for `Alee’s family not for Allaah’s Name “Al-`Alyy”… read more here.

Is it permissible to name a newborn as “Abdul Shaahid”?

Question 14: Is it permissible to name someone `Abdul-Shaahid (i.e., Servant of The Ever-Witnessing) or not?

Answer: It is permissible to name someone `Abdul-Shaahid and there is no harm in that. Allaah (Exalted be He) is described as and has the name of Al-Shaahid (The Ever-Witnessing) in many of the Qur’aanic Aayahs (Verses)… read more here.

Raqeeb (Sergeant) as an army rank; is it permissible?

Question 13: “Raqeeb (the Watchful)” is one the Most Beautiful Names of Allaah (Exalted be He), however, there is a military rank called “Raqeeb (sergeant)” and it is known that it is impermissible to liken or to allegorically interpret the Names of Allaah.

Answer: There is no harm in calling a person ‘Raqeeb’, as this does not imply likening a creature to Allaah (Exalted be He), for the meaning that applies to Allaah (Exalted be He) is completely different from that of His creatures… read more here.

Is it permissible to name newborns as Basheer, Nadheer, Siraaj, and Muneer?

Question 12: I have four children; I became doubtful whether their names are permissible or not. They are consecutively: Basheer, Nadheer, Siraaj, and Muneer. Please advise me whether these names are permissible or not. May Allaah reward you with all good!

Answer: There is no harm in calling your children the mentioned names for they are of the fine names… read more here.

Naming a newborn baby as “Fath-ul-Baaree”

Question 11: I named my son ‘Fath-ul-Baaree’ and he is now ten years old. I am inquiring about the ruling on his name as to whether it is permissible or prohibited. Is it obligatory according to Shar` (Islaamic law) that we change a compound name into a normal name such as ‘Nayeef’, ‘Thawaab’, or ‘Fathi’ bearing in mind that the current name has already been registered in the official documents? Please provide us with your beneficial answer!

Answer: It is permissible to use the name which is mentioned in the question ‘Fath-ul-Baaree’. This name is not prohibited because it means Fadl (a favor) or Fath (a victory) from the Creator (Glorified and Exalted be He)… read more here.

Is it permissible to name a newborn Qasamullaah?

Question 10: I am a Sudanese young man. My name is ‘Qasamullaah’ however, I do not know whether this name is derived from the verb ‘Qasama’ (divided) whose form in the present tense is ‘Yaqsimoo’ (to divide); in the verbal noun form is ‘Taqseem’ (division); and in the object form is ‘Maqsoom’ (divided); or if it is derived from ‘Qassama’ (distributed) whose form in the present tense is ‘Yuqassimoo’ (to distribute); and in the verbal noun form is ‘Qasman’ (portion); or if it is derived from the meanings of ‘Qismah’ and ‘Naseeb’ (fate). Generally, I do not know exactly from which stem my name is derived. However, my colleagues in the office told me that my name implies Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). This seemed strange for me and thus, I was encouraged to ask for your guidance. So please provide me with your Fatwa in this regard.

Answer: ‘Qasamullaah’ means Allaah’s `Ataa’ (grant) because ‘Qasman’ means `Ata’ and it is the verbal noun of ‘Qassama’ and ‘Yuqassimoo’… read more here.

Is it permissible to name a newborn Haadee?

Question 9: My name is ‘Haadee’ (the guide). Since the One Who guides is Only Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), is it permissible for me to retain my name or should I change it?

Answer: It is not prohibited to retain your name because the word ‘Haadee’ is a joint word that can be used for Allaah (Exalted be He) and for others who guide people to that which benefits them, such as messengers as in Allaah’s saying… read more here.

Naming a newborn ‘Abdul-Muttalib

Question 8: My name is `Abdul-Muttalib Ahmad Muhammad `Abdul-Kareem and I am Sudanese. I would like to have a Fatwaa concerning my name as it has caused me some problems.I have been to the Islamic legal Court in Riyad to issue a legal proxy but my request was stopped until a Fatwaa is issued to legalize my first name, `Abdul-Muttalib. Please guide us in this regard!

Answer: There should be no inconvenience in naming somebody `Abdul-Muttalib. It is narrated by Abu Muhammad `Alee ibn Hazm that scholars agreed that every name which shows servitude to other than Allah (Exalted be He) is prohibited, Ibn Hazm said… read more here.

Naming a newborn Husamullaah

Question 7: Allah (Exalted be He) has blessed me with a male child, all praise be to Allaah Alone. I wanted to name my baby ‘Husamullaah’ but the authorities concerned with birth and civil affairs asked me to bring a Fatwa to the effect that this name is appropriate according to Shar` (Islaamic law). We hope that you kindly issue the necessary Fatwaa in this regard. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is not prohibited to name your baby ‘Husamullah’. However, it is better to give him a name that shows his servitude to Allaah (Exalted be He) such as `Abdullah or `Abd-ul-Karim… read more here.

Naming a newborn baby ‘Ula-Allaah

Question 6: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Final Messenger. The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has read the letter that was sent to his Eminence, the Chairman, by the questioner, the Assistant Undersecretary of the Ministry of the Interior for Civil Affairs, that was numbered 8884 in 15/03/1409 A. H. The letter was transferred to the Committee by the Department of Scholarly Research and Ifta’ under number 2276 in 23/03/1409 A. H. The following question was asked: We send to your Eminence the transaction that was sent to us from the Department of Civil Affairs in Jeddah, that was numbered H/11642 in 18/12/1408 A. H. Regarding the request submitted by the citizen, Hamid Muhammad Al-Zahrani to add his Yemeni wife: `Ula-Allaah Ahmad Muhammad Mukarrar.

We hope that you may inform us as to whether the name mentioned above is considered appropriate according to Shar` (Islaamic law). Best regards.

Answer: After the Committee studied the question, it answered: We do not know any reason for banning this name because… read more here.

Naming a newborn Hudaa and Eemaan

Question 5: What are the reprehensible names in Deen (religion of Islaam)? Is it reprehensible to call names like Eemaan (faith) or Hudaa (guidance)? What is the ruling on a man who has a three year old girl named Eemaan? Should he change her name? May Allaah reward you with all good!

Answer: There is nothing in Islaam forbidding people to call their children names like Hudaa and Eemaan as far as we know… read more here.

Is it permissible to name someone ‘Ilaahi Bakhash’?

Question 4: I am a Pakistani citizen bearing the name Illaahi Bakhash. I have been living in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for a long time. I face a lot of problems because of my name. Opposed to my name, many official authorities have requested that I change it. That is why I am asking your opinion about this name of mine and whether I am allowed to change it. I would like to add that my father chose that name according to his Urdu-Islamic culture. In Urdu this name means ‘The gift of Allaah’. It is composed of two words: ‘Allaahi’ which means Allaah and ‘Bakhash’ which means gift. Since word order of the genitive construction in Urdu is the opposite of Arabic word order,the meaning of my full name is ‘the gift of Allaah’. I have already asked the opinion of some scholars who showed no objection to it.

Dear Sir: I am kindly requesting your opinion about this issue which has been and still is a source of trouble for me. May Allaah protect and guard you!

Answer: If the reality is as you have mentioned, there is nothing wrong with being named ‘Illaahi Bakhash’ which in Arabic means ‘`Atiyyat-ul-Allaah’ or ‘the gift of Allaah’. It would still be better to change your name to the equivalent Arabic `Atiyyat-ul-Allaah’… read more here.

Naming a newborn ‘Khaalid’ (the eternal one)

Question 3: What is the ruling on naming someone Khaalid (i.e., the eternal one)? It well known that Eternity is an attribute that is specific to Allaah Alone and not to any of His Creation. Why did the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) not change the name of Khaalid ibn al-Waleed?

Answer: It is permissible to name someone Khalid because eternity here is a relative matter… read more here.

Naming newborn babies in the Masjid (mosque)

Question 2: Is it permissible to give names to newborn babies especially in the Masjid (mosque) or not?

Answer: Giving names to newborn babies is not confined to a specific place… read more here.

Naming a newborn after his father’s name

Question 1: My son died in a car accident. He was married to two women, who were both pregnant when he died. Before his death, he wrote in his will that he wants his son to be named after him “Sarhan”, as his name is “Sarhan ibn Muhammad ibn `Alee”. We took permission from the Court of Qunfudhah to give the boy this name, but the Health Office objected to this, and claimed that it is impermissible to name a boy after his father. Please advise concerning this issue, as the birth certificate of the boy is still in the Health Office, and the boy is now eight months old.

Answer: It is permissible to name a boy after his father, whether he is Sarhan ibn Sarhan, `Abdullaah ibn `Abdullaah or any other name… read more here.