Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram) on its own?

Question 94: Is it permissible to observe Sawm (Fast) on the day of `Ashoorah’ (the 10th day of the month of Al-Muharam) alone?

Answer: It is permissible to observe Sawm on the day of `Ashoorah’ only but it is better to observe Sawm one day before or after it… read more here.

Is Zaakat-ul-Fitr due on the Day of `Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram)?

Question 93: What is obligatory for a Muslim to do on the Day of ‘Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram)? Should they pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on that day?

Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to observe Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Ashoorah’. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered his Sahaabah (Companions) to observe Sawm on that day… read more here.

Fasting on the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah, Is it a Sunnah?

Question 92: Is the Prophet (peace be upon him) authentically reported to have observed Sawm for the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) observed Sawm the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah – better described as the nine days preceding `Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice)… read more here.

Keeping voluntary Sawm and delaying making up for the missed obligatory Sawm

Question 91: What is the ruling on observing the optional Sawm (fast) of the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) while one has yet to make up for days of Sawm missed during Ramadaan?

Answer: If someone observes Sawm on the Day of `Arafah voluntarily while one has to make up for days of Sawm missed during Ramadaan, his Sawm is valid… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dul-Hijjah) if it occurs on Saturday

Question 90: People here differed regarding observing Sawm (Fast) on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dul-Hijjah) this year as it coincides with Saturday. Some said they observed Sawm on the Day of `Arafah because it was the Day of `Arafah not because it was Saturday on which observance of Sawm is prohibited. Others did not observe Sawm because it was Saturday, the Jewish day of worship, and they wanted to act in contradiction to the Jews. As for myself, I was of the latter opinion. I am confused as to what the Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ruling is on this issue. I researched it in many religious and Sharee`ah books; however, I did not reach a decisive ruling on observing Sawm on such a day. I hope that Your Honor will guide me to the Shar`ee ruling and send it me in a written document. May Allaah reward you for this in this life and the Hereafter and for the beneficial knowledge you give to all Muslims.

Answer: Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah on its own, whether it coincides with Saturday or otherwise, is permissible… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) if it occurs on Friday

Question 89: Controversy arose among the seekers of religious knowledge, not to mention the masses, regarding observing Sawm (fast) on Friday if it coincides with the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah). Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday? Or, should a person observe Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it, bearing in mind that the former case conflicts with the Hadeeth prohibiting the observance of Sawm on Friday alone? We hope that Your Eminence will make this issue clear providing the sound Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ruling. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday without observing Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it as the Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have urged people to observe Sawm on this day highlighting its superiority and the great reward for observing Sawm on it… read more here.

What is the ruling on breaking voluntary Sawm (fast), Is it a sin?

Question 88: What is the ruling on breaking voluntary Sawm (fast); is it a sin?

Answer: A person observing voluntary Sawm may break it and will not have to make up for it… read more here.

Days that are most recommendable to observe voluntary Sawm (fast) thereon

Question 87: Which days are most recommendable to observe voluntary Sawm (Fast) and which months are most recommendable to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: The most recommendable days to observe voluntary Sawm are Mondays, Thursdays, the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree [lunar] month), the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah, especially the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah)… read more here.

Observing Sawm voluntarily with the intention of observing a voluntary Sawm Plus making up for a missed obligatory Sawm

Question 86:  Is it permissible to observe voluntary Sawm (Fast) with two intentions: the first to make up for missed days of Ramadaan and the second to apply an act of Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet)? Is the Sawm of a traveler or an ill person who can fast valid or not?

Answer: It is not permissible to observe voluntary Sawm with two intentions: one to make up for missed fasts and another to perform an act of Sunnah. It is better for a person who is traveling a distance over which it is permissible to shorten Salaah (Prayer) not to observe Sawm… read more here.

A person observes voluntary Sawm before making up for a missed obligatory Sawm

Question 85: A person had to make up for days missed in Ramadaan but instead he fasted voluntarily, later he made up for the missed days, is this sufficient for him?

Answer: Whoever observes voluntary Sawm (Fast) before making up for the missed days of Ramadaan, then compensates for the obligatory days, there is nothing wrong with that… read more here.

A person does not observe Sawm as he cannot afford it for being sick

Question 84: Praise be to Allaah, and may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has read the question submitted by the Head of the Commission for the Promotion of Virtue in Badr to His Honor Chairman which is referred to it from the General Secretariat with the number 1938/2, in 23/11/1396 A.H. The question is: A woman was afflicted with a psychological disorder whose symptoms included fever, nervousness, and other problems. Thus, she stopped Sawm (fasting) for four years. Must she make up for Sawm in this case or not? What is the ruling on this?

Answer: The Committee gave the following answer:

If that woman stopped Sawm because she was unable to, she must make up for these days when she becomes able to do… read more here.

Can woman make missed fasts of Ramadaan without asking husbands approval?

Question 83: What is the ruling regarding a woman who fasts two days that she missed of Ramadaan without her husband’s permission i.e. without telling him. She felt shy to tell her husband. If it was not permissible for her to do this, should she expiate (offer Kaffaarah) for it?

Answer: A woman has to make up for the days that she did not fast in Ramadaan even if it is without her husband’s knowledge… read more here.

Making up for a Ramadaan missed Sawm on Friday (Jumu’ah)

Question 82: If someone has to make up for a day that he missed during Ramadaan, is it permissible for him to make up for that day on a Friday? If he had already observed it on Friday, should he make it up again?

Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to single out Friday to make up a day missed in Ramadaan… read more here.

Fasting on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) with the intention of making up for a missed Ramadaan Sawm

Question 81: I fasted on the day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) intending to make up for a day I missed in Ramadaan. Does fasting the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) suffice, if I intended it to make up for the missed day or not?

Answer: It is permissible for you to fast the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) intending to make up for a missed day of Ramadaan… read more here.

Making up for missed Ramadaan Sawms (fasts) non-consecutively

Question 80: Is it permissible to make up for missed days of Ramadaan non-consecutively?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to make up for missed Sawm (Fast) on non-consecutive days, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

A person finds nothing but water to break Sawm (fast) in Ramadaan

Question 79: If someone is observing Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan and is traveling to another country and has nothing but water, how will he break his Sawm?

Answer: If someone is observing Sawm and the sun sets while he has nothing but water, he should break his Sawm by drinking the water since breaking Sawm by having dates is Mustahab (desirable) but not obligatory… read more here.

Women who taste food which they prepare while fasting, is their fast valid?

Question 78: Some scholars maintain that it is permissible for a woman to taste the food she is preparing while fasting to see if it is seasoned properly, on condition that nothing reaches her throat. Is this view correct?

Answer: It is permissible for a fasting person to taste the food during the daytime in Ramadaan, if necessary, and their Sawm (Fast) is still valid as long as they do not deliberately swallow anything of it… read more here.

Sawm (fast) of a person who was Junub (in major ritual impurity) and has sexual intercourse with his wife

Question 77: Is it permissible for a person to fast while in a state of Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge) caused by intercourse with one’s spouse during the night or anything else?

Answer: The Sawm (Fast) of a Junub (person in a state of post-sexual ritual impurity) due to sexual intercourse during the night without taking Ghusl (ritual bath) until after daybreak is valid… read more here.

Does the monthly periods of women break the succession of Kaffaarah (expiatory) Sawm (fast)?

Question 76: A person had intercourse with his wife who willingly went to bed with him during the day in Ramadaan. After doing this act, they regretted it and performed Tawbah (repentance to Allaah). They asked a shaykh in their area about the ruling on this act who told them that each one of them has to fast two consecutive months. It is not necessary to begin Sawm (fast) once the crescent rises, rather they are allowed to fast on any day provided that they complete two consecutive months. The husband began his Sawm from 16/6/1410 to 17/8/1410 AH, is his Sawm valid? As for the wife, she did not fast because of her monthly period which prevents her from fasting consecutively. How can she fast two consecutive months? Please clarify in detail, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Whoever has intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramadaan is obliged to free a slave, and if this is not possible, he should fast for two consecutive months. If he begins Sawm on the fifteenth day of the month and completes two consecutive months, it will be sufficient… read more here.

When should be the consecutively 60 days Sawm be observed in the lunar calendar for Kaffaarah?

Question 75: A person had intercourse with his wife who willingly went to bed with him during the day in Ramadaan. After doing this act, they regretted it and performed Tawbah (repentance to Allaah). They asked a shaykh in their area about the ruling on this act who told them that each one of them has to fast two consecutive months. It is not necessary to begin Sawm (fast) once the crescent rises, rather they are allowed to fast on any day provided that they complete two consecutive months. The husband began his Sawm from 16/6/1410 to 17/8/1410 AH, is his Sawm valid? As for the wife, she did not fast because of her monthly period which prevents her from fasting consecutively. How can she fast two consecutive months? Please clarify in detail, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Whoever has intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramadaan is obliged to free a slave, and if this is not possible, he should fast for two consecutive months. If he begins Sawm on the fifteenth day of the month and completes two consecutive months, it will be sufficient… read more here.

If a person cannot find any poor person to feed, can he/she pay an equal amount of money in charity

Question 74: It is of common knowledge that the ruling on whoever has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan is to emancipate a believing slave, fasting for two consecutive months or feed sixty poor persons.

The question is:

1. If the man has sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on different days, will he be obliged to fast two months as an expiation for each day on which he broke his Sawm, or that one-time expiation will be sufficient for any number of days on which he did that act?
2. If the husband who did that act is ignorant of the religious ruling on this question, and that he only thought he would make up for each missed day with one in return, what is the ruling accordingly?
3. Does the same ruling apply to the wife as well?
4. Is it permissible for the husband to pay money instead of feeding poor people?
5. Is the husband permitted to feed one poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?
6. If the husband cannot find sixty poor persons to feed, is it permissible for him to pay equal money for a charitable organization, such as the al-Birr Society in Riyadh or any other charitable organization?

Answer: Cases when observing expiatory Sawm (Fast) becomes obligatoryFirstly, if the said husband had intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan once or more during the daytime of Ramadaan, then he is obliged to make one Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

Is it permissible for a husband to feed one poor person as a Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?

Question 73: It is of common knowledge that the ruling on whoever has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan is to emancipate a believing slave, fasting for two consecutive months or feed sixty poor persons.

The question is:

1. If the man has sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on different days, will he be obliged to fast two months as an expiation for each day on which he broke his Sawm, or that one-time expiation will be sufficient for any number of days on which he did that act?
2. If the husband who did that act is ignorant of the religious ruling on this question, and that he only thought he would make up for each missed day with one in return, what is the ruling accordingly?
3. Does the same ruling apply to the wife as well?
4. Is it permissible for the husband to pay money instead of feeding poor people?
5. Is the husband permitted to feed one poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?
6. If the husband cannot find sixty poor persons to feed, is it permissible for him to pay equal money for a charitable organization, such as the al-Birr Society in Riyadh or any other charitable organization?

Answer: Cases when observing expiatory Sawm (Fast) becomes obligatoryFirstly, if the said husband had intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan once or more during the daytime of Ramadaan, then he is obliged to make one Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

A person has sexual intercourse with his wife on different days of Ramadaan

Question 72: It is of common knowledge that the ruling on whoever has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan is to emancipate a believing slave, fasting for two consecutive months or feed sixty poor persons.

The question is:

1. If the man has sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on different days, will he be obliged to fast two months as an expiation for each day on which he broke his Sawm, or that one-time expiation will be sufficient for any number of days on which he did that act?
2. If the husband who did that act is ignorant of the religious ruling on this question, and that he only thought he would make up for each missed day with one in return, what is the ruling accordingly?
3. Does the same ruling apply to the wife as well?
4. Is it permissible for the husband to pay money instead of feeding poor people?
5. Is the husband permitted to feed one poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?
6. If the husband cannot find sixty poor persons to feed, is it permissible for him to pay equal money for a charitable organization, such as the al-Birr Society in Riyadh or any other charitable organization?

Answer: Cases when observing expiatory Sawm (Fast) becomes obligatoryFirstly, if the said husband had intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan once or more during the daytime of Ramadaan, then he is obliged to make one Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

A person has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan more than once

Question 71: It is of common knowledge that the ruling on whoever has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan is to emancipate a believing slave, fasting for two consecutive months or feed sixty poor persons.

The question is:

1. If the man has sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on different days, will he be obliged to fast two months as an expiation for each day on which he broke his Sawm, or that one-time expiation will be sufficient for any number of days on which he did that act?
2. If the husband who did that act is ignorant of the religious ruling on this question, and that he only thought he would make up for each missed day with one in return, what is the ruling accordingly?
3. Does the same ruling apply to the wife as well?
4. Is it permissible for the husband to pay money instead of feeding poor people?
5. Is the husband permitted to feed one poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?
6. If the husband cannot find sixty poor persons to feed, is it permissible for him to pay equal money for a charitable organization, such as the al-Birr Society in Riyadh or any other charitable organization?

Answer: Cases when observing expiatory Sawm (Fast) becomes obligatoryFirstly, if the said husband had intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan once or more during the daytime of Ramadaan, then he is obliged to make one Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

A person has sexual intercourse with his wife while making up for a Ramadaan Sawm

Question 70: In Shawwal, 1410 A.H., a man was making up for a day that he missed during Ramadaan. His wife, who was not fasting, aroused him so much that he could not help having sexual intercourse with her during that day. What is the ruling on this matter?

Answer: Anyone who breaks his Sawm at a time outside the month of Ramadaan through having intercourse with his wife has to make up for that day… read more here.

A man, on returning home after a journey when he is not observing Sawm, to have sexual intercourse with his wife?

Question 69: Is it permissible for a man who, on returning home after a journey during which he broke the Sawm (fast), finds his wife taking a Ghusl (ritual bath) marking the purification of her menses to immediately have sexual intercourse with her? Or, should he complete the Sawm?

Answer: If a traveler returns home during the daytime of Ramadaan, he must abstain from food, drink and sexual intercourse… read more here.

A man lying in the same bed with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 68: Is it permissible for a man to sleep next to his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan without having sexual intercourse with her?

Answer: It is permissible for a man to sleep next to his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan provided that he can control himself… read more here.

He had sexual intercourse with his wife on the day when Ramadaan began unknowingly

Question 67: In the blessed month of Ramadaan, it was announced that Ramadaan will begin on Friday suggesting that the impossibility of seeing the crescent stands for the evidence in this regard. On Thursday, I had sexual intercourse with my wife i.e. One day before the beginning of the month. After we fasted that month, we were told that we should fast another day because the month was not complete. Can you inform me whether I have to expiate for that day in which I had sexual intercourse with my wife or what should I do?

Answer: If the reality as you have mentioned, there is no expiation or sin upon you. You and your wife are only required to make up for that day that was eventually proven to be a day of Ramadaan… read more here.

A person starts sexual intercourse with his wife on the first day of Ramadaan a short time before dawn

Question 66: On the first day of Ramadaan, I had sexual intercourse with my wife a while before Fajr Prayer, and we did not realize that this day was the first of Ramadaan except after sunrise, knowing that we fasted on this day after recognizing that it was Ramadaan. Please advise me if there is any other expiation for this other than fasting for two consecutive months, as I am an employee, and have no capability to offer Sawm (Fast) at the time being. Please advise me in this regard, May Allaah reward you amply!

Answer: If the case is as mentioned, then there is no expiation on you for not knowing that the month had begun… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse while wearing one’s clothes during the day of Ramadaan

Question 65: A man had sexual intercourse with his wife during the day of Ramadaan. They kissed, but he did not ejaculate, and she was wearing her clothes. What is the ruling on this? What should he do to expiate for this? Does burning incense invalidate Sawm (fasting)? Please advise, may Allaah bless you!

Answer: First, the man and his wife should repent and ask Allaah to forgive them, as they violated the sacredness of their Sawm in Ramadaan… read more here.

A woman who is forced by her husband to have sexual intercourse in the daytime of Ramadaan

Question 64: A woman lives with her husband who does not observe Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan. On one of the days of Ramadaan he wanted to have sexual intercourse with her, but she refused and locked herself in her room. The husband, due to the fact that he was stronger and was not fasting, compared to her being weak and sick and above all observing Sawm, broke into the room which made her faint. After the woman regained consciousness, he forced her to break her Sawm and had intercourse with her against her will. The next day he had intercourse with her for the second time during the daylight hours of Ramadaan. The woman left the home and went to her father’s and completed her Sawm there. She also made up for the two days during which she was forced to break her Sawm. Now the case is that she is unable to fast for two consecutive months, and at the same time she could not afford the other Kaffaarah, i.e., feeding sixty poor persons, because she is poor. On the other hand, it is not expected from the husband, who does not observe the prescribed Sawm of Ramadaan in the first place, that he will observe the expiatory Sawm or even feed sixty poor persons. What should this woman do?

Answer: As for the woman, she is not obliged to make Kaffaarah, because she was forced to that act, which is not the case with the husband who is obliged to make Kaffaarah for having sexual intercourse with his wife on two consecutive days during daytime in Ramadaan… read more here.

Is it obligatory or optional to abide by the order of the kinds of Kaffaarah (expiation)?

Question 63: I had intercourse with my wife during the daytime in Ramadaan. I was told that I have to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation), which is freeing a slave, observing Sawm (Fast) for two consecutive months, or feeding sixty poor people. However, I do not know whether this order of priority of the required Kaffaarah is obligatory to follow or is optional. Please give us a Fatwaa, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If you intentionally had intercourse with your wife during the daytime in Ramadaan, you have to offer a Kaffaarah – and it is obligatory to follow its order of priority, according to the more correct of the two opinions maintained by scholars… read more here.

The person who has sexual intercourse without ejaculation during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 62: A person is working in the army, and is not permitted to go out except on Thursday evenings and Fridays. Once during the month of Ramadaan, he returned home and played with his wife, then they had sexual intercourse. His wife advised him to stop doing so. He stopped having intercourse without ejaculation. Then he performed it again and continued performing it until she ejaculated in order to satiate her desire. But he did not ejaculate. He thought that having sexual intercourse without ejaculation would not render his Sawm invalid. He did that many times. Moreover, he used to perform Salaah (Prayer) without making Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity). He doubted that this was right and asked some of the scholars who told him that his Sawm was invalid and that he has to observe Sawm for two consecutive months as an expiation along with making up for the day that he had sex with his wife. He said that he could not observe Sawm because he has to perform certain athletics and hard drills. Moreover, there are certain specified times for having meals, sleeping and waking up. If he delays observing Sawm until he finishes the period of his army training, he is not sure that he will live until he makes up for that Sawm or not.

Answer: Anyone who is legally competent to observe Sawm and had intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramadaan while knowing that doing so is prohibited, should offer expiation along with making up for that day even though he did not ejaculate… read more here.

A person breaks his Sawm (fast) thinking that the sun has already set

Question 61: While someone was observing Sawm (Fast) during the month of Ramadaan, there appeared heavy fogs in the sky after `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer. Being in a desert, he thought that the sun had set. After breaking his Sawm, the sun appeared. What is the ruling on his Sawm? Should he complete his Sawm for this day? Is his Sawm rendered invalid? Should he make up for that day? Or should he offer Kaffaarah (expiation)?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, then his Sawm will be invalid and he has to continue his Sawm until sun sets… read more here.

Engaging in entertainment and playful activities during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 60: I have these questions: 

A- Is it permissible to practice swimming during Ramadaan?

B- If one has an injury in one’s hand or leg, for example, during Ramadaan, does this nullify one’s Sawm (Fast)?

C- If one wears perfume, does this nullify one’s Sawm?

D- Do cursing and swearing at others nullify one’s Sawm?

E- Is it permissible to play and have fun during daytime in Ramadaan?

Answer: (a) Swimming is permissible during the day in Ramadaan, but the swimmer must take care to avoid letting water reach their stomach… read more here.

Insulting and swearing at others during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 59: I have these questions: 

A- Is it permissible to practice swimming during Ramadaan?

B- If one has an injury in one’s hand or leg, for example, during Ramadaan, does this nullify one’s Sawm (Fast)?

C- If one wears perfume, does this nullify one’s Sawm?

D- Do cursing and swearing at others nullify one’s Sawm?

E- Is it permissible to play and have fun during daytime in Ramadaan?

Answer: (a) Swimming is permissible during the day in Ramadaan, but the swimmer must take care to avoid letting water reach their stomach… read more here.

Getting injury during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 58: I have these questions: 

A- Is it permissible to practice swimming during Ramadaan?

B- If one has an injury in one’s hand or leg, for example, during Ramadaan, does this nullify one’s Sawm (Fast)?

C- If one wears perfume, does this nullify one’s Sawm?

D- Do cursing and swearing at others nullify one’s Sawm?

E- Is it permissible to play and have fun during daytime in Ramadaan?

Answer: (a) Swimming is permissible during the day in Ramadaan, but the swimmer must take care to avoid letting water reach their stomach… read more here.

Discharging Wadee (a thick white secretion discharged after urination) while fasting

Question 57: One day after `Asr during Ramadaan, while fasting, I entered the bathroom intending to perform Wudoo’. After urinating, I squeezed out any remaining urine from my penis and noticed that I had excreted thick sticky liquid without desire. I completed my fast by breaking it after Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer. Does the excretion of this liquid affect my fast and does it require Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity)? If it is obligatory upon me to make up that day and I have not fasted for that day except after the passing of the second Ramadaan, what is the ruling? May Allaah reward you with what is best!

Answer: The excretion of thick, sticky fluid after urination without desire is not Manee (sperm released upon orgasm), rather it is Wadee (a thick white secretion discharged by some men after urination)… read more here.

Discharging semen without erotic stimulation, (i.e.) without having a wet dream or masturbating

Question 56: My concern is that I discharge Manee (sperm/vaginal secretions that are released on orgasm) during daylight hours in Ramadaan without having a wet dream or masturbation. Does this affect my fast? Please, advise me! May Allaah reward you!

Answer: If the situation is as mentioned, then your discharge of semen without desire, during the day in Ramadaan… read more here.

Hunting or killing a game while observing Sawm (fast)

Question 55: I went hunting in the mountains during the daylight hours in the month of Ramadaan. I took my gun and shot some game in order to prepare them for the meal that we eat for Iftaar (breaking the Fast). Have I committed a sin by doing so? Am I supposed to expiate for it? Is it prohibited to hunt during Ramadaan? What should I do if hunting is prohibited while observing Sawm?

Answer: Hunting or killing a game while observing Sawm does not render one’s Sawm invalid… read more here.

Using Miswaak (the tooth-cleansing stick) during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 54: A man used miswaak (tooth stick) while fasting, and then thinking that he had broken his fast, drank and ate afterwards. Is it obligatory upon him to make up for this fast and offer expiation, or (is it sufficient) just to make up for the fast?

Answer : Whoever breaks the fast during Ramadaan, thinking that the use of the miswaak breaks the fast, must make up for this fast, repent to Allah and seek forgiveness from Allaah; perhaps Allaah will forgive them… read more here.

A fasting person taking a bath during the daytime in Ramadaan without any reason

Question 53: Is it permissible for a fasting person to cool themselves with water after the Duhr (Noon) Prayer during the blessed month of Ramadaan by splashing some on oneself or swimming in a pool? Please enlighten us, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is permissible for a fasting person to do so, which will have no effect on the validity of Sawm (Fast), as it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to take a bath while fasting… read more here.

Workers in desalination plants inhaling the steam (Inhaling vapors while observing Sawm)

Question 52: I work in the General Corporation for Water Desalination. We observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan while we are working,but we are surrounded by steam in the plant where we work. As we often inhale the steam, does this affect the validity of our Sawm? Are we supposed to make up for the days in which we have inhaled the steam while observing Sawm (whether as an obligatory or supererogatory act of worship)? Are we required to pay Sadaqah (voluntary charity) for every day of inhaling steam at work while observing Sawm?

Answer: If the matter is as you mentioned, then your Sawm is valid and you are not required to make up for these days… read more here.

While fasting, accidental swallowing of water during Wudoo’ Or during Ghusl Or with nostrils (Istinshaq)

Question 51: What is the ruling if a person observing Sawm (Fast) accidentally swallows water while performing either Wudoo’ (ablution) or just Madmadah (rinsing the mouth)? What is the ruling if this happens while performing Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity) or just cooling oneself with water during summer? Should they observe Sawm for a full day to make up for this day? Or should they give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) to the poor as Kaffaarah (expiation) for these faults, knowing that the drops of water enter the stomach accidentally. Please give us a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar), may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Whoever performs Ghusl, Madmadah or Istinshaq (sniffing water into the nose and then expelling it) and water enters their stomach accidentally… read more here.

Having a wet dream while observing Sawm during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 50: One Ramadaan day during the daytime, I had a wet dream. What is the ruling on this? Am I liable for Kaffaarah (expiation)?

Answer: Anyone who has a wet dream while fasting or in Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj or `Umrah) is neither sinful nor liable for Kaffarah… read more here.

Watching semi-naked women on streets during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 49: If a Muslim goes out into streets to do some work and inadvertently sees women who are scantily dressed during the day of Ramadaan, is his fast invalidated?

Answer: Doing so does not render one’s fast invalid. However, a Muslim should lower his gaze as much as he can… read more here.

Does Madhee (thin white viscid fluid secreted due to sexual thoughts or desire) invalidate Sawm?

Question 48: One Ramadaan day, I sat beside my wife for about half an hour while we were both fasting. We were having fun with each other. After I left her, I found wet traces of a liquid on my pants discharged from my penis. Actually, this happened more than once. I would like to know if I am liable for Kaffaarah (expiation) for doing so.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, you do not have to make up for the Sawm of that day or offer a Kaffaarah, keeping to the basis that Sawm continues to be valid (as long as nothing has happened to invalidate it, i.e., since the discharge was Madhee [thin white viscid fluid secreted due to sexual thoughts or desire])… read more here.

Having a wet dream during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 47: Is it permissible to wash one’s body with water and soap during the day of Ramadaan? Does having a wet dream or applying perfume invalidate Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: Firstly, it is permissible for a fasting person to wash their body during the daytime of Ramadaan with water and soap… read more here.

Using soap and water while observing Sawm (Fast) during the day of Ramadaan

Question 46: Is it permissible to wash one’s body with water and soap during the day of Ramadaan? Does having a wet dream or applying perfume invalidate Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: Firstly, it is permissible for a fasting person to wash their body during the daytime of Ramadaan with water and soap… read more here.

Wearing perfume while observing Sawm (fast) during Ramadaan or at any other time

Question 45: If a person is observing Sawm (Fast) and they smell perfumes or insecticide, does this invalidate their Sawm during Ramadaan or at any other time?

Answer: Smelling perfumes or other substances does not invalidate a person’s Sawm, whether in Ramadaan or during a voluntary Sawm… read more here.