What is the ruling on people having no access to Divine Messages?

Question 549: Is it correct that Ahl al-Fatrah (people having no access to Divine Messages) will be saved from Hell and that the parents of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were among them and will therefore be saved from Hell and enter Paradise? If this is not correct, how can we rebut this claim? What is the ruling of Islaam on this claim? Please advise!

Answer:  Scholars held different opinions on Ahl al-Fatrah, and the preponderant opinion is that they will be tried on the Day of Resurrection; those who will respond to the order will be saved; and those who refuse will be doomed. This was authentically narrated on the authority of Al-Aswad ibn Sari` Al-Tameemee Al-Sa`dee and others. Parents of the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not belong to Ahl al-Fatrah because the Arabs followed the faith of Ibraaheem (peace be upon him), particularly the people in the lands of Hijaz... read more here.

What is the fate of the children of non-Muslims on the Day of Resurrection?

Question 548: What is the ruling on non-Muslim children who die in childhood? Will they be admitted to Paradise or Hellfire?

Answer:  The non-Muslim children in this world fall under the same ruling as their fathers; but as for the Hereafter, the correct scholarly opinions in this regard are two:

The first is that they will be put through the test of whether or not they will accept Islaam. They will be called to embrace Islam; whoever accepts will be saved and admitted to Paradise, whereas those who refuse will dwell in Hellfire… read more here.

What is the ruling on the children of non-Muslims in this world?

Question 547: What is the ruling on non-Muslim children who die in childhood? Will they be admitted to Paradise or Hellfire?

Answer:  The non-Muslim children in this world fall under the same ruling as their fathers; but as for the Hereafter, the correct scholarly opinions in this regard are two:

The first is that they will be put through the test of whether or not they will accept Islaam. They will be called to embrace Islam; whoever accepts will be saved and admitted to Paradise, whereas those who refuse will dwell in Hellfire… read more here.

Will the believing Jinn enter Paradise?

Question 546: Allaah (Exalted be He) stated, And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) stated,“All people will enter Paradise except those who refuse.” Then it was asked, “O Messenger of Allaah, who may ever refuse?” He said, “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me will enter Hellfire.” We know that the Jinn and mankind worship Allaah Who promised Paradise to those who worship Him. Then, why are not the Jinn mentioned here given that they worship Allaah as well? We ask that Your Honor clarify this point substantiated by evidence.

Answer:  The correct opinion is that the believing Jinn will enter Paradise. In this context, Allaah (Exalted be He) says, But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise). Whoever meets this description by having firm faith and performing righteous deeds is a believer... read more here.

Will we meet with our offspring in the Hereafter?

Question 545: Will we meet with our offspring in the Hereafter? I do hope so. Please clarify this for us and guide us to what is right. May Allaah reward you!

Answer:  Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), out of His Grace and Generosity, has informed us that the offspring of believing parents will be elevated to their rank in Paradise, even if their deeds do not qualify them for such a higher rank. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says... read more here.

Do righteous people intercede on the Day of Resurrection, and on behalf of whom?

Question 544: Do righteous people intercede on the Day of Resurrection, and for whom? How is the intercession carried out?

Answer:  Righteous people intercede, if Allaah wills them to, and if the ones interceded for are Muslims. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased. He (Exalted be He) also says: Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission However, no intercession can avail a Kaafir (disbeliever)... read more here.

Is this Hadeeth Saheeh: “My intercession will be for those among my Ummah who have committed major sins”

Question 543: I would like to ask about a Hadeeth which I heard, but I do not know whether it is Saheeh (authentic), Hasan (good), or Mawdoo` (fabricated). The Hadeeth says that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: My Shafaa`ah (intercession) will be for those among my Ummah who have committed major sins. May Allaah reward you with the best for enlightening us. Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you).

Answer: The Hadeeth mentioned above concerning the Prophet’s Shafaa`ah (intercession) for the believers who have committed major sins is Saheeh (authentic)... read more here.

Is this Hadeeth Saheeh: “Seven (types of people) whom Allaah will shade.”

Question 542: What is meant by the shade mentioned in the Hadeeth: Seven (types of people) whom Allaah will shade with His Shade on the Day when there is no shade but His.

Answer: It is the shade of the `Arsh (Throne) of Allaah, the Most Merciful (Blessed and Exalted be He). This explanation is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Salmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) in the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) of Sa`eed ibn Mansoor that states: Seven (types of people) whom Allaah will shade with the Shade of His `Arsh… Al-Haafid ibn Hajar (may Allaah be merciful to him) ranked its Isnaad (chain of narration) as Hasan (contains a narrator with weak exactitude, but is free from eccentricity or blemish); al-Fath vol. 2, p.144... read more here.

Will a person be held accountable for their inner thoughts?

Question 541: Will a person be called to account for their inner thoughts?

Answer: Allaah is Gracious and Merciful to His Servants. He, out of His Mercy, does not impose upon them what they cannot bear. No one will be called to account for their inner thoughts, based on the Hadeeth authentically reported on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

What is the punishment in the grave? Is it physical or spiritual?

Question 540: What is the punishment in the grave? Is it physical or spiritual? Does it afflict the body, the soul or both?

Answer: A person physically experiences the punishment in the grave, although the living people do not notice it. It is for both the body and the soul, as proven by the apparent textual meanings contained in the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: The Fire, they are exposed to it, morning and afternoon. And on the Day when the Hour will be established (it will be said to the angels): “Cause Fir‘awn’s (Pharaoh) people to enter the severest torment!”… read more here.

Claiming that ” `Alee deserved the caliphate, not ‘Aboo Bakr, Umar and Uthmaan after the Prophet’s demise.”

Question 539: One of the beliefs of al-Zaydiyyah is that the caliphate was for `Alee ibn Aboo Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him), but the Companions wronged him and usurped his right to the caliphate, and that the Messenger (peace be upon him) willed the caliphate for him after his death.

Answer: After the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the caliphate was the right of Aboo Bakr then `Umar then `Uthmaan then `Alee (may Allaah be pleased with them all) according to a general consensus of Muslim scholars. Whoever opposes the caliphate of any one of them goes against the beliefs of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) from the Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them), and their followers with good conduct… read more here.

Ruling on describing the Prophet as “The One who resolved the confusion”

Question 538: The Khateebs (preachers) often describe the Prophet (peace be upon him) as “The One Removing the Grief”. Is it permissible to describe the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) as such?

Answer: It is permissible to describe the Prophet as “The One Removing the Grief”. Allaah has saved people by him from Hell-fire and led them from the darkness of disbelief and polytheism to the belief in His Oneness. Describing His Prophet (peace be upon him), Allaah (Glorified be He) says… read more here.

How did Prophet Muhammad lead other prophets in Salaah in al-Israa’ Wa al-Mi`raaj?

Question 537: In the story of al-Israa’ (night journey), it was narrated that the Messenger (peace be upon him) led the Prophets in Salaah (prayer); how did this take place while they were already dead?

Answer: His leading other the Prophets in Salaah during Al-Israa’ is authentically proven and we should believe in it. As to how they attended, it is of the knowledge of Ghayb (Unseen) that no one knows but Allaah, and He is Able to do all things..read more here.

Did Prophet `Eesaa (Jesus) foretell the coming of Prophet Muhammad?

Question 536: Did Prophet `Eesaa (peace be upon him) foretell the coming of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Yes, he did. Prophet `Eesaa (peace be upon him) gave glad tidings of the coming of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), as Allaah (Glorified be He) says in the Qur’aan: And (remember) when ‘Eesaa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said: “O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allâh unto you, confirming the Tauraat [(Torah) which came] before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad. But when he (Ahmad i.e. Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) came to them with clear proofs, they said: “This is plain magic.”..read more here.

Was Luqmaan a Prophet or merely a righteous man?

Question 535: Was Luqmaan a Prophet or merely a righteous man?

Answer: Luqmaan was a righteous man whom Allaah gave wisdom. Allaah (Exalted be He) says, And indeed We bestowed upon Luqmaan Al-Hikmah (wisdom and religious understanding)..read more here.

Was Ya`qoob (Jacob) a Prophet or a pious Servant of Allaah?

Question 534: Was Ya`qoob (Jacob) a Prophet or a pious Slave of Allaah?

Answer: Ya`qoob (peace be upon him) is one of the Prophets of the Children of Israel. Allah (Exalted be He) states: Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “We believe in Allaah and in what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down to Ibraaheem (Abraham), Ismaa‘eel (Ishmael), Is-haaq (Isaac), Ya‘qoob (Jacob). The Aayah confirms that Revelation was sent to him, so he was one of the Prophets. Allsah (Exalted be He) states: Verily, We have sent the revelation to you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) as We sent the revelation to Nooh (Noah) and the Prophets after him; We (also) sent the revelation to Ibraaheem (Abraham), Ismaa‘eel (Ishmael), Ishaaq (Isaac), Ya‘qoob (Jacob), and Al-Asbaat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya‘qoob (Jacob)]...read more here.

Do the Prophet’s bodies decompose in graves?

Question 533: Do the Prophet’s bodies decompose in graves?

Answer: Allaah prohibited the Earth to decompose dead bodies of the Prophets and Messengers. Therefore the dead bodies of Prophets never decompose; they stay alive in their graves and lead another life in Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection). Allaah Alone knows about such a life. Such a life is different from life in this world. The souls of Prophets are in Paradise and the same applies to the souls of believers and our Prophet Muhammad whose soul is with the Higher Companion in Paradise according to the Hadeeth narrated by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad, Vol 4, page 8, from Aws ibn Aboo Awsin the end of which he mentioned: Allaah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets (peace be upon them). Narrated by ‘Aboo Daawood, and Ibn Maajah in their Sunan with a similar wording but an authentic Isnaad (chain of narrators)..read more here.

Why wasn’t there another name for the prophet that came after `Eesaa other than Rooh al-Qudus?

Question 532: Why wasn’t there another name for the prophet that came after `Eesaa (Jesus, peace be upon him) other than Rooh al-Qudus, i.e. (the Holy Spirit)?

Answer: Rooh al-Qudus (The Holy Spirit) is the name of Jibreel (peace be upon him). `Isa (peace be upon him) is Allaah’s Slave, Messenger and Word, which Allaah bestowed upon Maryam (Mary) and a spirit created by Allaah. `Eesaa was called Rooh (Spirit) because Allaah created him without a father. In fact Allaah created him with the mere word ‘Be’ from the Spirit which the angel blew into Maryam (Mary) without a father..read more here.

Is prophet `Eesaa (Jesus) better than other Prophets, he had no father?

Question 531: Is prophet `Eesaa (Jesus, peace be upon him) better than other Prophets because he was born like no other human, and because he did not die like other Prophets?

Answer: That `Eesaa (Jesus, peace be upon him) was born to no father and that he was raised to heaven, does not mean that he is better than other Prophets. The proof is the fact that the two Khaleels (beloved, close elect) of Allaah, the Merciful, namely Ibraaheem (i.e. Abraham) and Muhammad (peace be upon them) were not blessed with any such miracles. However, they are surely better than `Eesaa. In fact they are the best Prophets ever (peace and blessings be upon them all)..read more here.

What is the difference between Prophets and Messengers?

Question 530: What is the difference between prophets and messengers?

Answer: A Prophet is the one to whom Allaah revealed Shar` (Law) but he was not commanded to convey it. A Messenger is the one to whom Allaah revealed Shar` (Law) and Allaah sent him to the people to call them to the Sharee`ah (Islaamic laws) and rulings revealed to him..read more here.

Is Eemaan a whole which can never be divided?

Question 529: Is Eemaan (Faith) a whole which can never be divided? When a part of it is lost, is the rest lost too? If this is true, how can we reconcile between this claim and the fact that Eemaan is subject to increase and decrease?

Answer: Eemaan is divisible, as it increases and decreases. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …And when His Verses (this Qur’aan) are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone). Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: And Allaah increases in guidance those who walk aright. Loosing some of your Eemaan does not mean losing all of it; because the opinion that inclines to the loss of all of one’s Eemaan due to the loss of part of it is the doctrine of Al-Khawaarij (separatist group that believes committing a major sin amounts to disbelief)..read more here.

Who are the Awliyaa’ of Allaah and who are the Awliyaa’ of Shaytaan?

Question 528: Who are the righteous and pious Slaves of Allaah and the allies of Satan?

Answer:  The Awliyaa’ (pious people) of Allaah are the pious believers as Allaah (Exalted be He) says in the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) which states: No doubt! Verily, the Awliyaa’ of Allaah [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allaah and fear Allaah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allaah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve. Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islaamic Monotheism), and used to fear Allaah much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds)...read more here.

What are the effects of Tawheed on people in the life of this World?

Question 527: What are the effects of Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) on people in the life of this World?

Answer:  The influence of Tawheed i.e., worshipping Allaah Alone in this life, has been manifested in the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Allaah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the land, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islaam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me...read more here.

Satan tries to make me doubtful about my `Aqeedah. Will I be accountable for this?

Question 526: Sometimes Satan insinuates to me with some (evil) thoughts, as he tries to make me doubtful about my `Aqeedah (creed). I am ashamed to mention such thoughts, so I would like to ask: Will I be accountable for this?

Answer:  You must not persist in thinking about such doubts and insinuations created by Satan, aiming to fill you with doubts about your Islaamic creed. Whenever any such thoughts come to your mind, you should seek refuge with Allaah from the accursed Satan. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaytaan (Satan), then seek refuge with Allaah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower. If you stop thinking about such insinuations and you neither act according to them nor speak about them, you will not be sinful. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allaah forgave my people the evil promptings which arise within their hearts as long as they did not speak about them or did not act upon them...read more here.

Does Eemaan increase and decrease depending upon one’s deeds?

Question 525: Does Eemaan (Faith) increase with acts of obedience and decrease with acts of disobedience? Please support your answer with evidence. What is the ruling on those who deny that?

Answer: It is true that Eemaan increases with acts of obedience and decreases with acts of disobedience. This is confirmed by the unanimous agreement of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) including the Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) and the scholars and the religious figures who followed their path. Allaah, the Exalted, says, And Allaah increases in guidance those who walk aright. Moreover He, the Exalted, says..read more here.

How can Muslims strengthen their Eemaan (Faith)?

Question 524: What are the means of strengthening Muslims Eemaan (Faith)? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Some of the means through which you can strengthen your Eemaan and deepen your Yaqeen (certainty), are your decisive belief in the six pillars of Eemaan in addition to your deeds which deepen your Eemaan. The pillars of Eemaan are: The belief in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), His angels, His Messengers, His Books, in the Last Day and in the Divine Decree whether good or bad..read more here.

Is Iblees (Satan) one of the Jinn or one of the angels?

Question 523: Is Iblees (Satan) an angel or a Jinnee? And are the Jinn (creatures created from fire) his offspring or were he and his offspring created from them?

Answer: Iblees is one of the Jinn as Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves unto Aadam.” So they prostrated themselves except Iblees (Satan). He was one of the jinn; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. He is not an angel. Moreover, he was created from fire while angels were created from light. This is mentioned in the Aayaat (Qur’aanic Verses) talking about the creation of Iblees. Besides, this is proven in the Hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) narrated by `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) in which he said: Angels were created from light, Jinn were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and Aadam was created from that which you have been told (i.e., sounding clay like the clay of pottery) Related by Imaam Muslim in his Saheeh..read more here.

Are al-Ash`ariyyah sect from the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamaa`ah?

Question 522: Does Al-Ash`ariyyah group (a Muslim group that bases issues of faith on logic) belong to Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream)?

Answer: Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamaa`ah are defined as those who hold fast to the Book of Allaah, the Exalted, the Sunnah of their Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) regarding all their `Aqeedah (beliefs) and Islamic principles. They never oppose the texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah for rational argumentation or personal preference; rather, they stick to the principles of Eemaan (belief) and pillars of Islaam observed by the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet). They are represented in the leading guides and callers to goodness and success, such as Al-Hasan Al-Basree, Sa`eed ibn Al-Musayyib, Mujaahid, Aboo Haneefah, Maalik, Al-Shaafi`ee, Al-Awzaa`ee, Ahmad, Al-Bukhaaree and those who took their path and followed their example by promoting their `Aqeedah and way of seeking proofs..read more here.

Welcoming guests by saying: “O guest of the Most Merciful! May Allaah safeguard you!”

Question 521: Some people welcome their guests saying: “O guest of the Most Merciful! May Allaah safeguard you!” or “O aged of the Most Merciful! May Allaah safeguard you!” What is the ruling on this?

Answer: It is permissible to welcome guests and others saying: “O guests of the Most Merciful!”, “Oaged people of the Most Merciful!”, or by making Du`aa’ (supplication) for them such as invoking: “May Allaah safeguard you!” This is because this ascription is meant only for honoring the concerned person. This is similar to saying: “the house of Allaah”, “the she-camel of Allaah” etc..read more here.

What is the ruling on attributing injustice to Allaah?

Question 517: What is the ruling on those who say to their daughters when their husbands die while they have young children, or if anything bad happens to them that Allaah has treated them unjustly, and say so out of ignorance? Is this a statement of polytheism, or what do you think? May Allaah reward you!

Answer: Attributing injustice to Allaah is a great sacrilege. Allaah has denied oppression from Himself in His Statement: Truly! Allâh wrongs not mankind in aught; but mankind wrong themselves. Allaah also states in the Hadeeth Quddsee (Revelation from Allaah in the Prophet’s words): O My Slaves, I have made injustice unlawful for Me and made it unlawful for you, so do not wrong one another. Allaah’s Decree is entirely based on the perfection of His Wisdom, Justice, Mercy and Knowledge..read more here.

Is it permissible to say “Allaah is the Architect of the universe”?

Question 520: Will the last people who will come out of Hell-fire and enter Jannah (Paradise) see Allaah according to Allaah’s Statement, For those who have done good is the best (reward, i.e. Paradise) and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah جل جلاله). ?

Answer: Truly, the religion with Allaah is Islaam. This means that Allaah has chosen Islaam to be His Religionand Law which He has revealed to His Messenger and Slave Muhammad (peace be upon him). Islam is the final religion and law and its followers are the Muslims who have not deviated from its course by following a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion), act of misguidance or a personal desire. These are the Muslim main body that can be called any of these synonymous names: “Ahl-ul-Sunnah”, “Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah”, “Ahl-ul-Hadeeth” and “Al-Salafiyyoon”..read more here.

Is it permissible to say, “Allaah is the Founder of the Salafi movement”?

Question 519: Will the last people who will come out of Hell-fire and enter Jannah (Paradise) see Allaah according to Allaah’s Statement, For those who have done good is the best (reward, i.e. Paradise) and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah جل جلاله). ?

Answer: Truly, the religion with Allaah is Islaam. This means that Allaah has chosen Islaam to be His Religionand Law which He has revealed to His Messenger and Slave Muhammad (peace be upon him). Islam is the final religion and law and its followers are the Muslims who have not deviated from its course by following a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion), act of misguidance or a personal desire. These are the Muslim main body that can be called any of these synonymous names: “Ahl-ul-Sunnah”, “Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah”, “Ahl-ul-Hadeeth” and “Al-Salafiyyoon”..read more here.

Will the last people who will come out of the Fire and enter Paradise see Allaah?

Question 518: Will the last people who will come out of Hell-fire and enter Jannah (Paradise) see Allaah according to Allaah’s Statement, For those who have done good is the best (reward, i.e. Paradise) and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah جل جلاله). ?

Answer: Anyone who enters Jannah will see Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), as seeing Allaah is the greatest bliss of the people of Jannah. However, the Mu’minoon (believers) vary in seeing Allaah; some of them enjoy the privilege of seeing Allaah all the time according to Allaah’s Statement, For those who have done good is the best (reward, i.e. Paradise) and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah جل جلاله)...read more here.

Is it correct to say, “Allaahu Ya`rif (is aware) of what is in the hearts”?

Question 516: Some people say, “Indeed, Allaah is aware of what is in the hearts.” Is this saying correct? Was it circulated among the Salaf (righteous predecessors, may Allaah be pleased with them)?

Answer: It is correct to say, “Allaah is aware of what is in the hearts.” Allaah (Exalted be He) said,…and Allaah is All-Knower of what is in (your) breasts. He also said, Allaah knows what is in your hearts. And Allaah is Ever All-Knowing, Most Forbearing...read more here.

Ruling on anyone who claims that “Allaah exists everywhere”?

Question 515: What is the ruling on those who claim that Allaah exists everywhere?

Answer: Allaah (Glorified be He) is high above His Creatures, above His Heavens and is settled on His Throne. This is clearly supported by the Qur’aan and Sunnah texts as well as the consensus of all Muslims. Thus, whoever believes that Allaah indwells everywhere is a Kaafir (disbeliever) for belying Allaah, His Messenger and the consensus of all Muslims..read more here.

Saying: “Allaah is in the hearts of believers”?

Question 514: The saying: “Allaah is in the hearts of believers.” Does it indicate that the one who says it is a believer in Hulool (a Sufi term meaning indwelling)? What is the deviating sect that believes in such a saying?

Answer: It is more proper not to say “Allaah is in the hearts of believers” as it may allude to a belief in Hulool. Alternatively, one can say, “Believers love Allaah.” Allah (Exalted be He) says: But those who believe, love Allaah more (than anything else). He (Glorified be He) also says: Allaah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him However, if, by saying such a statement, one means that Allaah’s love is dominating the hearts of believers and that they fear Him, it will be alright as it is a sound meaning..read more here.

Salaah behind a person who believes that “Allaah is everywhere”

Question 513: There is a person who leads the people in Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer, and he believes that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)exists everywhere. We showed him clear pieces of evidence in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah that Allaah exists everywhere with His knowledge, but His Entity is above everything. He totally refused this belief. Is our Salaah (Prayer) behind him valid or not?

Answer: The belief of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) is that Allaah (Glorified be He) is high above His Creatures, rising over His Throne and separated from His Creation. Allaah (Exalted be He) says, Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allaah), will not cause the earth to sink with you, and then it should quake?He (Exalted be He) also says..read more here.

Saying: “Allaah is everywhere.”

Question 512: What is the ruling on saying that Allaah (Glorified be He) exists everywhere?

Answer: Saying that Allaah exists in all places is the saying of the atheist Al-Hulooliyyah (a Sufi sect that believes in indwelling). The foregoing is a false saying and it is tantamount to Kufr (disbelief) in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). This is because Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is above His heavens rising over the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He (Exalted be He) is too exalted for indwelling in any of His Creatures. He is free of all wants and needs, while all His Creatures stand in need of Him. He (Exalted be He) says..read more here.

Where is Allaah physically?

Question 511: Where is Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) in Person?

Answer: Allaah (Glorified be He) is rising over His `Arsh (Allaah’s Throne) by His Self and is separated from His Creation. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: The Most Gracious (Allaah) rose over (Istawâ) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then rose over (Istawaa’) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He knows what goes into the earth and what comes forth from it, and what descends from the heaven and what ascends thereto. And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wheresoever you may be. And Allaah is the All-Seer of what you do...read more here.

What does it mean that Allaah is Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne)?

Question 510: Is it permissible to understand the meaning of Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne in a manner that befits Him) as straightness?

Answer: The `Aqeedah (creed) of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) concerning the Names and Attributes of Allaah (Exalted be He) states the following..read more here.

Is the guardian of Paradise called Radwaan?

Question 509: Is the guardian of Jannah (Paradise) called Radwaan? Where was his name mentioned?

Answer: It is known among the scholars that the guardian of Jannah is called Radwaan. His name was mentioned in some Hadeeths but their authenticity is controversial. And Allaah knows best..read more here.

Is Al-Fard (The Absolutely Independent One) one of the Allaah’s Names?

Question 508: Is Al-Fard one of the Names of Allaah?

Answer: Allaah’s Names are Tawqeefiyyah (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). The Name “Al-Fard” was not mentioned in the Qur’aan or in the Sunnah, so it is not considered one of Allaah’s Names; it is just used to refer to Him..read more here.

Does Allaah have only 99 names?

Question 507: The Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allaah has ninety-nine Names, i.e. one-hundred minus one…” What is the meaning of this Hadeeth? Does this mean we should just memorize Allaah’s Names or act according to them as well?

Answer: First, the mentioned number does not mean that Allaah (Exalted be He) does not have other than these ninety-nine Names, but the meaning is that anyone who memorizes these Names will enter Jannah (Paradise). Thus, the meaning is to inform people that memorizing them will cause admittance to Jannah and not to count all the Names..read more here.

Is it true that Allaah’s Attributes are restricted only to 20 or any other number?

Question 506: It is mentioned in the book of “Sameer Al-Mu’mineen fi Al-Mawaa`izh Wal-Hikam Wal-Qasas” by Muhammad Al-Hajjar, (fifth edition, published by Dar Al-Nafis in 1406 A.H./pp. 171-172): “… And that Allaah (Exalted be He) has twenty Attributes, which are all affirmed by the Qur’aan, Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet), and Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars). Scholars of Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) divided such Attributes into four categories:

1- Sifah Nafsiyyah (Attribute of Allaah’s Essence or Being): which is His Existence.

2- Sifah Salbiyyah (negating attributes of imperfection and asserting their opposites): Oneness, Eternity, Permanence without beginning, Absolute Independence, Dissimilarity to creation.

3- Sifah Al-Ma`anee (Abstract Attributes): Knowledge, Will, Power, Hearing, Seeing, Speech, and Life.

4- Sifah Ma`naawiyyah (Attributes derived from ideas): Allaah is Knowing, Willful, Powerful, Hearing, Seeing, Speaking, and Living.”

My question is whether is it true that Allaah’s Attributes are only twenty? Is such a division correct and proven by the Qur’aan, Sunnah, and Ijmaa`?

Answer: It is untrue to confine Allaah’s Attributes to a certain number; be it twenty or any other number. This is because Allaah has many Attributes that no one can count except Him (Exalted be He). All Allaah’s Attributes are Perfect and we have to believe in all the Attributes which are mentioned in the Qur’aan or Sunnah..read more here.

Chanting “Allaahu Akbar” 129 times before Friday Athaan

Question 505: In some of the Masjids (mosques) here in the district of Bashshar, people repeat Al-Lateef (i.e. The Kindest), one of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names, every Friday after finishing the study circle before the Athaan (Call to Prayer) and the two sermons of Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer. They repeat this Name 129 times. I asked the Imaam about this practice and he told me that they do so for Allaah to save them from His Wrath. What is your view and explanation of this practice?

Answer: Recitation of Allaah’s Name (Al-Lateef) 129 times before the Athaan of Jumu`ah Prayer has nothing to do with the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor his Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) nor the Salaf (righteous predecessors). In fact this is one of the Bidd`ahs (innovations in religion) introduced to religion..read more here.

Ruling on writing “Al-Naafi`”, which is the name of a factory owner on a tile?

Question 504: All praise be to Allaah Alone; peace and blessings be upon the last Prophet; to commence:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ looked into the request for Fatwaa’ submitted to his Eminence the Grand Muftee from his Eminence chief of department of Riyadh city, and referred to the Committee from the general secretariat of the Council of Senior Scholars no. 431/2, dated 20/4/1412 A.H. in which a person asks the following question that reads:

We enclose to your Eminence a tile with the name of the owner of the factory written on it. His name is Al-Naafei`, which we think is one of the Attributes of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). We hope you will refer it to the competent Committee and inform us of the ruling. May Allaah protect you and Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you).

Answer: There is no harm in that; because this name is not one of the Names of Allaah that applies only to Him. In fact Allaah (Exalted be He) can be described as Al-Darr (the Distressor) and Al-Naafi` (the Benefactor)..read more here.

What is the ruling on using the name “ `Azeez ”?

Question 503: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ reviewed the request submitted to his Eminence the Grand Muftee (Islaamic scholar qualified to issue legal opinions) from the director of the department responsible for following those who remain illegally in the country after the performance of Hajj or `Umrah and forcing them out in Riyadh, which was referred to the Committee from the General Secretariat of the Council of Senior Scholars with the number (1898) in 14/4/1410 AH. The following question was posed:

There is a company named “`Azeez for Contracting and Trade”. We would like Your Excellence to advise us whether the name of the company is one of the Names of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) or not. We hope Your Eminence will give us an answer to carry out the necessary procedures. With best regards!

Answer: After studying the question, the Committee answered: There is no objection to this name, because the word “`Azeez” is not exclusive to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)..read more here.

Ruling on Taiwan shoes on whose external sides the word “Allaah” is depicted? ?

Question 502: We have shoes imported from Taiwan that have external sides that are, cunningly done, in the shape of the word Allaah (Exalted be He). What do people who bought such shoes unknowingly have to do? Do they have to abstain from using such shoes or should they only efface such sides?

Answer: It is impermissible to use such shoes unless the concerned sides taking the shape of the word Allaah are obliterated first, as they symbolize contempt for the Name of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)..read more here.

Ruling on if Imaam forgets to say: “Sami Allaahu liman hamidah”

Question 501: The Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) forgot to say, “Sami Allaahu liman hamidah (Allaah listens to those who praise Him)” and said instead, “Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest).” Should he perform Sujood-ul-Sahw (Prostrations of Forgetfulness)? I am sending you two books that I would like Your Eminence to give your opinion on!

Answer: Tasmee‘ (saying: “Sami‘a Allaahu liman hamidah [Allaah listens to those who praise Him]”),” when standing after Rukoo‘) is one of the obligatory actions of Salaah (Prayer), because the Prophet (peace be upon him) always did it. If an Imaam or someone offering Salaah individually forgets to say it, then it is obligatory on them to perform Sujood-ul-Sahw to make up for what they missed..read more here.

Are “Al-Khaleefah” and “Al-Saahib” among the Most Magnificent Names of Allaah?

Question 500: Are “Al-Khaleefah” and “Al-Saahib” among the Most Beautiful Names of Allaah?

Answer: Neither “Al-Khaleefah” nor “Al-Saahib” is a Name of Allaah. However, the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Allaahumma Anta Al-Saahib Fee Al-Safar Wal-Khaleefah Fee Al-Ahl (O Allaah, You are the Companion in the journey, and the One Who looks after the family) was by way of informing not calling..read more here.