Selling a commodity for someone who asks for it before buying and possessing it

Question 50: I agreed with someone to buy a car for him. I told him that its price in the agency is 50,000 riyals and that I would take 60,000 riyals if I got it for him. Is this lawful?

Answer: There is no problem in selling the car or any other commodity after you have bought it and kept it in your possession. You can sell it for an instant payment or for a higher deferred payment, whether by installments or not. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …whereas Allaah has permitted trading and: O you who believe! When you contract a debt for a fixed period, write it down. This includes deferred payment… read more here.

Life, organ and purchase insurance and all other types of commercial insurance

Question 49: A man bought a car in installments for being unable to pay its price in cash. The car agency demanded him to pay car insurance. Respected Shaykh, what is your ruling on paying this insurance and other types of insurance, such as life insurance?

Answer: It is permissible to buy a car in installments, if the car and the price are agreed upon, and the amount of each installment and the due dates of payments are fixed. Car insurance, is Haraam (prohibited). Similarly, insurance on life, organs, merchandise, and all types of commercial insurance are Haram. They involve Gharaar (fraudulent transaction where details about the sold item are unknown or uncertain), gambling, and unjustly taking people’s money… read more here.

Ruling on Automobile insurance

Question 48: A man bought a car in installments for being unable to pay its price in cash. The car agency demanded him to pay car insurance. Respected Shaykh, what is your ruling on paying this insurance and other types of insurance, such as life insurance?

Answer: It is permissible to buy a car in installments, if the car and the price are agreed upon, and the amount of each installment and the due dates of payments are fixed. Car insurance, is Haraam (prohibited). Similarly, insurance on life, organs, merchandise, and all types of commercial insurance are Haram. They involve Gharaar (fraudulent transaction where details about the sold item are unknown or uncertain), gambling, and unjustly taking people’s money… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person who has given a gift to buy it from the one gifted?

Question 47: A man gave his brother a car as a present, then the person to whom the car was given wanted to sell it. Is it permissible for the person who gave it to buy it again?

Answer: It is not permissible for the person who gave the gift to buy what he had given to his brother. `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated: I donated a horse in the path of Allah. Its owner made it languish. I thought that he would sell it at a cheap price. I asked Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) about it, whereupon he said: Do not buy it and do not take back your charity, for one who takes back a charity is like a dog which swallows its vomit. (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Ruling on `Inah sale (sale with immediate cash repurchase for profit)

Question 46: If I sell a car to a person in installments, given that this increases its price, and then he asked me to buy it from him for less than the price I sold it to him for, what is the ruling on this?

Answer: This is called `Inah sale (selling and delivering something to another person in installments but repurchasing it with less immediate cash). It is Haram (prohibited), according to the Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) evidence on its prohibition… read more here.

Selling stamps for more than their actual price written on the stamps

Question 45:  I work in the postal service and I sell stamps. What is the ruling on selling stamps for more than their actual price?

Answer: It is not permissible for a person who is working in the post office to sell stamps with a price that is more than their actual price. He has to sell them according to the price written on the stamps without any increase or decrease. He is considered to be a trustee for doing that. Selling them for a price more than the price written on them is a betrayal of the trust he was given… read more here.

Down payment sale

Question 44: Is it permissible for the seller to obtain a `Urbun (down payment) from the purchaser? If the purchaser withdraws, is it permissible for the seller to keep the `Urbun for themselves and not return it?

Answer: If the reality is exactly as what is mentioned in the question, it is permissible for the seller to keep the `Urbun for themselves and not to return it to the purchaser provided that both sides agreed on this… read more here.

Ruling on Auctioning

Question 43:  Is selling by public auction Haraam (prohibited)?

Answer: It is permissible to sell through a public auction; there is nothing wrong with this… read more here.

Ruling on receiving sellers on the street before they enter the market and buying their goods?

Question 42: What is the ruling on receiving sellers on the street before they enter the market and buying their goods?

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to receive sellers in the streets before they reach the places prepared for displaying and selling goods, for this takes the same ruling of receiving trade caravans, and this is forbidden. It is mentioned in a Hadeeth related by Imaam Ahmad that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Do not receive caravans (to buy their goods), (but wait) until they reach the market.” (Related by Al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh Book of authentic Hadeeth on the authority of`Abdullaah ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both), vol. 4, p. 373)… read more here.

An urbanite selling on behalf of a Bedouin and receiving caravans at the outskirts of the town

Question 41: What is the ruling on a town dweller selling goods on behalf of a desert dweller? What is the ruling on receiving trade caravans (to buy from them before they reach the market)?

Answer: It is not permissible for a town dweller to sell goods on behalf of a desert dweller and it is similarly impermissible to receive trade caravans before they arrive at the market with a view to buying their goods at a lower price and then reselling them in the market at a higher price… read more here.

Bidding for commodities

Question 40: Is bidding the price of commodities permissible in Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) or not?

Answer: It is permissible to bid the price of commodities to preserve the seller’s right, unless the seller accepts the outbidding of one of the bidders, in which case further outbidding becomes impermissible, in order to protect the right of the person who made an agreed bid. This is what is meant by forbidding outbidding the bid of one’s brother… read more here.

Selling musical instruments, cigarettes, and hookahs

Question 39: Sometimes we obtain goods that contain some musical instruments, smoking tools (water pipes), or vessels used for smoking such as lighters and ashtrays. Should we get rid of these things or are we permitted to sell them? Please provide me with your beneficial answer. May Allaah reward you with the best. Is it permissible to sell embodied or mummified objects (idols) of animals?

Answer: Selling musical instruments and the tools used for smoking or water pipes and other means of disobedience and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) such as idols; whether embodied or mummified animals is Haraam (prohibited). This is because whatever is Haraam to be benefited from is Haraam to be sold and selling these things is considered helping a Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) and corruption as well as facilitation to indulge in Bid`ahs (innovations in the religion) and Shirk… read more here.

Ruling on selling tight trousers and short or transparent clothes for women

Question 38: Please, Your Eminence, advise us concerning the ruling on selling tight trousers worn by women, such as jeans and stretch, outfits that consist of trousers and blouses, high-heel shoes, hair dyes of different colors, especially those for women, transparent clothes known as chiffon, half-sleeve women dresses, and short dresses and skirts.

Answer: Anything that is probably used in an unlawful way is Haraam (prohibited) to make, import, sell and promote among Muslims. This includes what many women wear nowadays, may Allaah guide them to what is right, of transparent, tight and revealing clothes. This leads to showing their charms and revealing the contours of their bodies in front of non-Mahrams (not a spouse or a permanently unmarriageable relative). Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him) said, “It is impermissible to sell any clothes that are probably used in committing a sin. In this case, it is impermissible to sell or make them. Thus, it is Makrooh (disliked) to sell bread and meat to those who drink Khamr (intoxicants) with it; it is also Makrooh to sell basil to those who use it in drinking Khamr. This applies to anything that is originally Mubaah (permissible)which is known to be used in committing a sin.”… read more here.

Selling grapes to those who use them in the manufacture of wine

Question 37: Is it permissible for a Muslim to pick or harvest grapes, which are used for making Khamr (intoxicant) and are not fit for eating? I am talking about a Muslim, who has no other source of income and who receives a small social assistance that is of no avail. Please bear in mind that the season of picking grapes lasts from one to three weeks every year and this Muslim participates only when it is necessary.

Answer: It is not permissible to sell grapes to those who use them in making Khamr, and it is similarly impermissible to pick or prepare them for those who make Khamr. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …but do not help one another in sin and transgression. The Prophet (peace be upon him) cursed Khamr, its consumer, its presser, the one for whom it is pressed, its seller, its buyer, the one who benefits from its price, its carrier, and the one to whom it is carried, for they all help one another in sin and transgression… read more here.

Selling goods for someone while knowing a 100% that the buyer will use them in the manufacture of wine

Question 36: Our relatives here in Sudan sell dates and yeast as their main form of trade. They are fully aware that the buyer will use them to make Khamr (intoxicants) and they gain a lot from this trade. What is the Sharee`ah ruling on this? Are the profits accrued from this trade lawful? Please guide us. May Allaah guide you!

Answer: If the reality is as you have mentioned, it is not permissible to sell them, for Allaah (Exalted be He) says, Help you one another in Al-Birr and Al-Taqwaa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is Severe in punishment.read more here.

Buying and Selling goods at the door of a Masjid

Question 35: What is the ruling on selling things at the gate of the Masjid (mosque), especially before and after the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer, since we have some people who sell things at the gate of the Masjid until the Friday Sermon starts and then enter the Masjid? If the merchandise are Siwaak (tooth-cleansing sticks) or perfume, then what is the ruling?

Answer: Selling at gate of the Masjid from outside is permissible, if it is done before the second Adaan (call to the prayer) which is called while the Imaam is sitting on the pulpit, but if it is after the second Adaan, then it is not allowed, because Allaah [Exalted and Sublime be He] prohibited it, saying: O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaat (prayer) on Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah [Jumu‘ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaat (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing).read more here.

Is it permissible to sell goods for a price higher than the one fixed by authorities?

Question 34: My father owns several shops. I withdrew from my school and worked with him. After a while, my father ordered me to increase the prices of some commodities and to give less in measure and weight. I am not pleased with this but I am forced to do it as I did not complete my education. If I leave work and emigrate to another place, my father will search for me and will beat me when he finds me as he is a harsh and rough man. I am now supposed to be doing military service and my father found a way to let me go to work even though I am doing the service. He did this through his acquaintances. Your Eminence, could you tell me whether I am committing a sin by doing this or is my father the sinner? It is worth mentioning that this issue tortures me day and night and I am innocent from these deeds. To relieve myself from this ill-gotten money, I do not eat a lot and I fast some days. May Allaah reward you with the best, and guide you to what is good, and grant you Paradise.

Answer: It is not permissible for you to increase the prices which are fixed by the authorities. It is also not permissible for you to give less in measure and weight even if your father orders you to do so as there can be no obedience to any creature which involves disobedience to the Creator… read more here.

Limiting or specifying a profit margin

Question 33: Is there a set rate of profit in business or not? Also, take into consideration the high amount of taxes business owners pay each year.

Answer: It is permissible for a person who sells a product for profit whether immediate or deferred to sell it at a higher price. We do not know of any limit on profit but one should be moderate, as there are reports which encourage that. However, if the product is known locally to be of a certain price, a Muslim should not sell it for more to one who is unaware of that without telling him of this fact. Inflating prices is a kind of deceit. A Muslim is a brother of his fellow-Muslim, thus he should not wrong him, abandon him, cheat him, or betray him, rather he should advise him sincerely wherever he is. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: “Religion is dependent on advising one another.” The Hadeeth related by Muslim in his Saheeh. And in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of Jareer ibn `Abdullaah Al-Yamanee that he said… read more here.

Buying the crop yield for the many years in advance

Question 32: I gave a sum of money to a fruit merchant to trade with it and give me my profit. Then, I knew that he buys the yield of the farms for many years in advance, because this gives him a discount. Is this profit Halaal (lawful), given that I am ready to bear the consequences, whether gain or loss, with him?

Answer: It is impermissible to buy the yield of a farm for five years in advance, as this entails Jahaalah (lack of knowledge) and Gharaar (uncertainty). Thus, it is impermissible for you to enter into partnership with the mentioned merchant or take profit in return for this trade, even if you are ready to bear the risk… read more here.

Buying or Selling a Visa

Question 31: I wish Your Eminence would guide me to the right path and good deeds. I brought in some foreign workers about eight years ago, and sold the visas to another person here; he was from Pakistan or from Egypt. This was on the basis that he would bring in the workers and they would do whatever work he wanted, meaning, they would not be working with me in my corporation. This was a condition between me and them, and we agreed that they would pay a portion of their salary to me at the end of each month, but this was not binding. I repent to Allaah for doing this. Some of the workers have returned to their country, and I do not have their address, and some of them are still here and I do not take any money from them; shall I ask them to forgive me for this deed?My brother was and still is responsible for them and I was his authorized agent. What is the ruling on the money which I have taken for selling the visas and the money I have taken from the workers?

I am a fourth-class public servant whose salary is 4462 Riyals. I have to pay for a car and house in installments. Therefore, I can not afford any further installments. This is my financial position.

I also used the money I took from the workers in my marriage, and this matter causes me severe pain. Is there any wrong concerning this? Now, with Allaah’s favor I have a child who represents the turning point in my life. What should I do? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Selling visas is not permissible, because it involves telling lies, breaking the law and deceiving the authorities, and it is consumption of wealth by means of falsehood. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And eat up not one another’s property unjustly (in any illegal way e.g. stealing, robbing, deceiving, etc.), nor give bribery to the rulers (judges before presenting your cases) Accordingly, the money you earned from selling the visas and the money you took from the workers is ill-gotten, so you have to get rid of it and clear yourself of it. You should spend any money that you have obtained by selling visas,in charitable ways such as giving to the poor and building facilities that will benefit the Muslims… read more here.

Using magazines containing pictures of women wearing fashionable clothing

Question 30: What is the ruling on buying magazines containing pictures of women to wear fashionable clothing which are in line with our revered Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) and leave what contradicts it?

Answer: It is impermissible for you to buy such magazines containing pictures of different dress fashions as it may cause temptation and it helps promote these harmful magazines… read more here.

Selling 3D gold handicrafts depicting animated beings

Question 29: Is it permissible to sell gold shaped in the form of an animal and gold coins engraved with a picture of half a man?

Answer: Selling and buying pictures of animate beings is impermissible. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have stated: Allaah and His Messenger made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols. (Narrated by both Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). This also may cause deifying those pictured as was the case with the people of Nooh (Noah, peace be upon him). It is recorded in the Saheeh (authentic book of Sunnah) of Imaam Al-Bukhaaree (may Allaah be merciful to him) on the authority of Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) on explaining the statement of Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Selling dead animals

Question 28: Is it permissible to sell a dead animal and take a price in return?

Answer: Flesh of dead animals is prohibited according to the statement of Allaah (Exalted be He): Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytah (the dead animals – cattle – beast not slaughtered) Because it is prohibited to be eaten, it may not be sold or bought. Moreover, profiting from its sale is considered ill-gotten gains. Furthermore, one may not eat it unless in the case of dire necessity… read more here.

Making jewelry bearing symbols of disbelief such as ‘the Cross’

Question 27: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Selling gold rings for men

Question 26: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Making three-dimensional handicrafts symbolizing Zodiac signs like: Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc

Question 25: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Engraving metals and stones with Aayaat and the Glorified Name of Allaah

Question 24: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Selling handicrafts and coins on which animated beings are depicted

Question 23: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Trading in Mus-hafs (printed copies of the Qur’aan) and Qur’aan tapes

Question 22:  What is the ruling on trading in Mushafs (printed copies of the Qur’aan) and Qur’aan tapes?

Answer: It is a permissible business as it falls under cooperation in righteousness and piety… read more here.

Buying flowers to present them to hospital patients, etc

Question 21: Recently, selling flowers near hospital entrances has become quite common with prices ranging from 50 to 1000 riyals, and even 2000 riyals. People buy flowers for hospital patients which is an imitation of what non-Muslims do in non-Muslim countries. Moreover, people have begun to boast about it spending lots of money even though flowers wither in no time and are then thrown away as rubbish. Your Honor, we fear that this may lead to people placing flowers on the graves of the dead as practiced in the West and in some Arab countries. We know that flower shops are usually located near churches in non-Muslim countries. We hope that Your Eminence issue a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) on the issue in an attempt to give an end to such a practice.

Answer: Based on the above mentioned facts, the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ issues the Fatwaa that this practice is impermissible as it entails wasting money on non-useful purposes and imitating Allaah’s adversaries in this custom… read more here.

Is it permissible to obey my father’s order to buy him tobacco?

Question 20: Is it permissible to buy tobacco for my father as he asks me to do so?

Answer: It is not permissible to buy anything prohibited for the sake of your father whether it is tobacco, opium, hashish, alcohol or the like even if he asks you to do so. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Islamic ruling on planting tobacco

Question 19: What is the ruling of Islaam on growing tobacco seeds and on the money earned by the farmers through selling it?

Answer: It is impermissible to grow, sell or use tobacco, as it is Haraam (prohibited) in many aspects, due to its dangerous effects on health, its harmfulness and uselessness… read more here.

Trading in tobacco products

Question 18: What is the ruling on selling tobacco products and the like? Is it permissible to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity), perform Hajj and other acts of righteousness from these revenues and profits?

Answer: It is not permissible to deal in tobacco or any other unlawful substance, because they are evil and filthy in addition to the physical, spiritual, and financial harm they cause. If a person wants to give Sadaqah, perform Hajj, or do some acts of righteousness, then he should strive to make his earnings Halaal… read more here.

Buying alcohol for using it as fuel or in some industries

Question 17: Is it permissible to sell alcohol (which is an intoxicant) for the sake of using it as fuel or in other industries? Is it permissible to sell it to those who will also use it as fuel?

Answer: Selling alcohol or any intoxicant is prohibited. Whoever has any of these things should destroy them as he is not permitted to sell them. This is due to Allaah’s saying… read more here.

Selling live chickens by weight

Question 16: What is the ruling on selling live chickens by weight, and on selling vinegar that contains 6% alcohol?

Answer: First, it is permissible to buy chickens by weight. This is the basic principle and we do not know of any evidence to the contrary. Second, it was authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said… read more here.

Selling pork and wine

Question 15: I live in a tribe in Morocco. Most of the inhabitants of this tribe work in France and most of them own grocery stores where wine and pork are sold. They say that if they abstain from selling wine and pork, no one will buy from them because they do business with the French. Is it permissible to accept their gifts, and eat or drink with them? Is it permissible to marry their daughters even if they are relatives? We would like to know your view on this as we are confused. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is not permissible for a Muslim to sell wine, pork or to take their prices. Allaah (Exalted be He) makes them unlawful and when He makes something unlawful, He makes its price unlawful as mentioned in an authentic Hadeeth. If all the money of the people mentioned is unlawful, then it is not permissible to accept their gifts or eat from their food… read more here.

Selling foods that contain pork or alcoholic ingredients

Question 14: Is it permissible to sell food which contains pork or alcohol? There are many Muslims in America who own grocery stores where they sell beer, pork, and tobacco, or they work in such stores.

Answer: It is not permissible to sell items that are forbidden to eat or use including the items mentioned in the question… read more here.

Purchasing entertainment devices

Question 13: Is it permissible to purchase a television for my home in order to watch all types of drama series and game shows? Is it permissible to purchase a cassette recorder and listen to songs on it? Or is it impermissible during Salaah (Prayer) time or any other time?

Answer: Most television programs are a waste of time and are evil. Thus, when the evil of a thing outweighs its good, it becomes impermissible… read more here.

Is it permissible to have a cassette recorder?

Question 12: Is it lawful to buy a cassette recorder?

Answer: There is no wrong in buying and listening to a cassette recorder if the person buys it to record or listen to recitation of the Qur’aan, lectures or religious speeches or the like… read more here.

Helping father in his trade that involves dealing in some illicit transactions

Question 11: My father is a merchant and I help him in his trade, but his trade involves some unlawful things such as selling recorded tapes which publicly declare all kinds of enmity towards Allaah and unspeakable Fisq (flagrant violation of Islaamic law) in addition to selling cigarettes. The earnings of such item sare at least half the profit of the shop. I use this money for my personal needs and sell such things under duress as my father orders me to do such-and-such. I hope that you will give me a relevant Fatwaa concerning this matter.

Answer: It is not permissible to collaborate with your father or help him or anyone else in selling forbidden items, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Submission is obligatory only in what is good (and reasonable). And he (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Buying and selling the wild animals

Question 10: I would like to ask your Eminence about the ruling on trading in and possessing animals and birds for the purpose of having a hobby or for decorative purposes. 

These include for example:

1- Decorative birds such as parrots and other colorful birds

2- Reptiles such as snakes and lizards

3- Predators such as wolves, lions, foxes, and so on. 

These animals and birds are possessed either for their beauty or for their fur.It should be noted that they are very expensive and will be kept behind bars, but dealing in them is very profitable.

Answer: First, selling decorative birds like parrots, colorful birds and nightingales for their voices is permissible because looking at and listening to them is permissible… read more here.

Selling ornamental birds, such as parrots and colorful birds

Question 9: I would like to ask your Eminence about the ruling on trading in and possessing animals and birds for the purpose of having a hobby or for decorative purposes. 

These include for example:

1- Decorative birds such as parrots and other colorful birds

2- Reptiles such as snakes and lizards

3- Predators such as wolves, lions, foxes, and so on. 

These animals and birds are possessed either for their beauty or for their fur.It should be noted that they are very expensive and will be kept behind bars, but dealing in them is very profitable.

Answer: First, selling decorative birds like parrots, colorful birds and nightingales for their voices is permissible because looking at and listening to them is permissible… read more here.

Selling monkeys and cats

Question 8: I would like to work in the field of trading in tame animals such as cats and birds. One of these animals is monkeys that are trained and used for the sake of amusement and attracting customers to shops. Moreover, these kinds of animals are used for amusement and attracting customers in order to increase sales. But these animals are very expensive.Some people told me that trading in monkeys is prohibited as they are a sign for Allaah’s Wrath and Punishment; they are not created to be used this way; and this is a waste of money. I would like you to guide me to the truth in this regard. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Selling cats, monkeys, dogs and other beasts with canine teeth is prohibited… read more here.

Selling guard dogs or hunting dogs

Question 7: What is the ruling on trading in guard dogs that have special characteristics?

Answer: It is not permissible to sell dogs, and their price is not Halaal (lawful), whether they are guard dogs, hunting dogs or any other kind… read more here.

Selling date palm pollen tube

Question 6: I have a plantation of palm trees on my farm and their branches grow with seeds in clusters known by people of the south as “seminal clusters.” The cluster contains a farinaceous substance and can fertilize more than 3 palm trees. Is it permissible for me to sell date-palm seminal clusters to people who grow such trees so that they can fertilize their own, knowing that I do not sell the trees themselves; rather, the pollen or raceme of fertilization? Kindly give us your Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) on the permissibility of that.

Answer: There is no impediment to sell the seminal cluster of the palm-trees, because of its benefit… read more here.

Trading (buying and selling) in sparrows

Question 5: My brother trades in sparrows; is this permissible?

Answer: Selling sparrows is permissible, as they have not been exempted from the general ruling of permissibility of selling… read more here.

Trading (buying and selling) in tobacco, cigarettes and the likes

Question 4: What is the ruling on selling tobacco (cigarettes) that is sold through permission from a tobacco company?

Answer: Smoking is forbidden. Moreover, planting and selling tobacco is also prohibited because of the great harm it causes… read more here.

Buying from non-Muslim merchants when there are Muslim merchants

Question 3: What is the ruling on Muslims who abandon cooperation with one another by their dislike of buying from Muslim traders and preferring instead the stores owned by Kaafirs (disbelievers), is this Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited)?

Answer: The basic principle is that it is permissible for Muslims to buy whatever they need of the things that Allaah has permitted whether from a Muslim or a Kaafir. The Prophet (peace be upon him) bought from the Jews… read more here.

Can I sell items on a higher price tag, when in reality their cost is less?

Question 2: A person says: “This item costs me such and such,” when in fact it costs him less. He only says this because he wants to increase his profits. There are some people who swear by Allaah that this is the price they paid. What is the ruling on that?

Answer: If a person buys a product and offers it for sale, and says, “It costs me such and such” but he is lying; saying that he paid more for it than he really did, then he is doing something that is Haraam (prohibited) and he is definitely committing a sin… read more here.

Is it permissible to take oaths while buying and selling if one is truthful?

Question 1: Is it permissible to make oaths while buying and selling if one is truthful?

Answer: Making oaths in buying and selling is Makrooh (disliked) in general, whether one is truthful or not. If a person lies in his oath then it is Makrooh in the sense of being Haraam (forbidden); the sin is greater and the punishment is more severe because it is a false oath… read more here.