Where should a person in Salaah place his hands after rising from Rukoo`?

All praise be to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family, and Companions. Many people from here and abroad inquire about the position of placing the hands after Rukoo` (bowing). Thus, I opine to give a detailed answer for this out of sincere advice for Muslims, to display the truth, clarify ambiguity, and propagate the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). In explanation, I can say that it was authentically established in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) that he used to place his right hand on his left forearm when he was standing in Salaah (Prayer) and that he (peace be upon him) used to command Muslims to do so.

It was stated by Imaam Al-Bukhaaree (may Allaah be merciful to him) in his Saheeh Book of Hadeeth (in the chapter entitled placing the right hand upon the left one) that `Abdullaah ibn Maslamah reported from Maalik, from Aboo Hazim that Sahl ibn Sa`d (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in Salaah (Prayer). Aboo Hazim remarked: “I do not know except that he attributed it (i.e., the report) to the Prophet (peace be upon him).”

We can infer from this authentic Hadeeth that it an act of Sunnah to place the right hand upon the left one while standing in Salaah both before and after Rukoo` (bowing) through the fact that Sahl said that people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in Salaah. It is known that it is an act of Sunnah for the one who is performing Salaah to place the palms on the knees when in a state of Rukoo`, and to place them on the floor by his shoulders or his ears when in the state of Sujood (prostration), and to place them on both his thighs and knees while in both the states of sitting between the two prostrations and reciting Tashah-hud (a recitation in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) according to what is explained in the Sunnah of the Prophet in this regard. Thus, it is only the position of standing that is not mentioned. Accordingly, it is concluded from the report of Sahl that it is such position that is meant. Thus, it should be clear that it is an act of Sunnah for the one who is performing Salaah to place his right hand over his left forearm while in the state of standing up in his Salaah, whether standing both before or after performing Rukoo`, because it was not reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he differentiated between them as far as we know. As for a person who differentiates between them, he has to bring evidence for this… read more here.

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Saying: Those who shave their beard are Faasiq

Question 180Is a person who shaves his beard considered a Faasiq (someone flagrantly violating Islaamic law)?

Answer: Anyone who shaves his beard willingly despite knowing that it is impermissible and insists on that sin is a Faasiq and should repent to Allaah for such a sin and ask His Forgiveness… read more here.

What is the ruling on shaving the hair on the neck?

Question 179What is the ruling on shaving the hair of the neck? Is it considered part of the beard?

Answer: The hair that grows on the neck is not considered part of the beard and thus it is permissible for you to shave it. It is worth mentioning that the part of the beard whose shaving is Haraam (prohibited) is the hair which grows on the cheeks and chin. And Allaah knows best… read more here.

What is the ruling on female circumcision?

Question 178What is the ruling on the circumcision of girls? If it is permissible, at what age should they be circumcised? What is the Islaamic way to do it? I have a 9 year-old girl whom I want to circumcise. Can I do it while she is at this age?

Answer: Circumcision is one of Sunan-ul-Fitrah (natural hygiene), according to the Hadeeth narrated by ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Five practices are characteristics of Fitrah (natural disposition): circumcision, shaving the pubic region, plucking the armpit hair, clipping the nails and cutting the moustaches short.… read more here.

Is it permissible to use Miswaak (tooth-cleansing stick) during Salaah?

Question 177If a person pronounces Takbeerat-ul-Ihraam (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]” upon starting Prayer), whether in an obligatory or supererogatory Salaah (Prayer), and then remembers they have forgotten to use Siwaak (tooth-cleansing stick), is it permissible to use Siwaak after pronouncing Takbeer or not?

Answer: It is Mustahab (desirable) to use Siwaak before Salaah, not during it, as it entails some kind of movement. Also, it was not reported to have been used this way. The Hadeeth states… read more here.

Is Istinjaa’ sufficient for fluids discharged with urine?

Question 176When I go to the toilet, may Allaah honor you, I find a drop or two drops of a yellow fluid that comes out with urine. Should I make Ghusl (full ritual bath) whenever these drops come out?

Answer: It is a must to clean oneself from anything that comes out of the front and back passage (urethra and anus), except for gas, by performing Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)… read more here.

Performing Tayammum instead of Istinjaa’

Question 175When we go for training in the desert, most ofthe soldiers perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) because of the cold weather, and sometimes due to the difficulty of making Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) as there is no place to screen yourself in such open areas. Since some scholars consider making Istinjaa’ one of the obligatory steps of Wudoo’ (ablution), could you please elaborate on this ruling?

Answer: Performing Istinjaa’ is not necessary for making Wudoo’; rather, it is obligatory after passing urine or stools. Moreover, it is not permissible to perform Tayammum in the presence of water, even if the weather is very cold unless one fears getting severely ill by using water. Also, it is not permissible to resort to Tayammum due to the lack of a covered place, as your colleague can cover you with a piece of cloth or the like when necessity demands it… read more here.

Should a person cleanse their anus after they urinate?

Question 174If a person performs Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) and cleanses both the front and back passage (urethra and anus), then some waste matter is released from either, will he be required to wash the front and back private parts again or only the one involved?

Answer: If some waste matter is released from the front passage it must be cleansed, and one need not wash the back passage also, because nothing was discharged from it… read more here.

Having drops of urine discharge after performing Istinjaa’

Question 173My problem is that during the winter, sometimes drops of urine are discharged in my clothes after Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) or Wudoo’ (ablution) because of the cold weather. What is the ruling on this? Is my Salaah (Prayer) valid although my clothes are Najis (ritually impure) because of this urine?

Answer: If you are sure that drops of urine come out after Wudoo’, you should perform Istinjaa’ and then perform Wudoo’ again. The validity of Wudoo’ depends on the cessation of things that invalidate it. You should also wash your clothes and your body if they are affected by urine… read more here.

Confining oneself to Istijmaar

Question 172Is offering Salaah (Prayer) after having performed Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) valid? Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar in the absence of water? If water later becomes available, should I make Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: If Istijmaar is made thrice using a pure solid object, with the exception of bones or dung, it is permissible to perform Salaah, and one need not perform Istinjaa’ even if water becomes available. This was done by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and is according to the Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars) held on this point… read more here.

Hemorrhoid patients who cannot perform Istinjaa’

Question 171A person suffers external hemorrhoids and bleeding and cannot perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), so he only performs Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) with pebbles. Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar with pebbles despite the presence of traces of blood after performing Wudoo’ (ablution), or should he perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth)?

Answer: It is permissible to perform Istijmaar with pure pebbles and the like provided that they are clean and can purify the opening of the anus like dry tissues. This replaces water if the opening of the anus becomes clean after rubbing it thrice or more until it is purified, provided that the pebbles contain no bones or dung… read more here.

Inserting the finger into the anus to clean fecal matter

Question 170What is the ruling on inserting one’s finger into the anus to clean it when performing Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: It is not permissible to insert the finger into the anus to clean it. This is a forbidden extreme and one should perform Istinjaa’ cleaning the external private parts only… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Istinjaa’ in front of others?

Question 169Many Muslims in Yemen have basins in front of the Masjids (mosques) where they perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) in front of the people and then resume their Wudoo’ (ablution). Is their Salaah (Prayer) valid? What is the ruling on Istinjaa’ in front of the people?

Answer: A person who wants to perform Istinjaa’ should screen himself and not reveal his `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public) in front of the people. It is not permissible to perform Istinjaa’ and Wudoo’ inside these small basins. A person should rather perform Istinjaa’ and Wudoo’ outside them, so as not to cause the water to become Najis (ritually impure) or dirty… read more here.

Facing Qiblah or back during the call of nature in the open space

Question 168Your Eminence, we are about to build administrative buildings in Al-Saleel district. We have disagreed with the person in charge with regard to building the toilets in the direction of Makkah. It should be taken into consideration that all the toilets are inside the buildings and not outdoors. The toilets will be used by men only. Please tell us if it is permissible to assume a sitting position while answering the call of nature. Is it permissible to answer the call of nature in any direction in these toilets? Please advise.

Answer: It is permissible to sit while answering the call of nature in bathrooms inside buildings in any direction as evidence of the case can be found in texts authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, it is preferable not to face the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer) or turn the back towards it when answering the call of nature indoors, if possible, to avoid the divergent opinions of scholars… read more here.

Facing Qiblah or back during the call of nature in toilets

Question 167Your Eminence, we are about to build administrative buildings in Al-Saleel district. We have disagreed with the person in charge with regard to building the toilets in the direction of Makkah. It should be taken into consideration that all the toilets are inside the buildings and not outdoors. The toilets will be used by men only. Please tell us if it is permissible to assume a sitting position while answering the call of nature. Is it permissible to answer the call of nature in any direction in these toilets? Please advise.

Answer: It is permissible to sit while answering the call of nature in bathrooms inside buildings in any direction as evidence of the case can be found in texts authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, it is preferable not to face the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer) or turn the back towards it when answering the call of nature indoors, if possible, to avoid the divergent opinions of scholars… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ in the bathroom?

Question 166The bathrooms that are built nowadays in houses contain a place for a toilet, shower and basin for making Wudoo’ (ablution). Is it permissible to mention Allaah while making Wudoo’ and bathing or talking about daily matters if the toilet is far away?

Answer: It is Makrooh (disliked) to mention Allaah (Exalted be He) where one relieves oneself, as He is above being mentioned in places of filth. Moreover, it is Makrooh for a person to speak while relieving oneself because of the Hadeeth which says… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person to say Tasmiyah in the Wudoo’ specified area on commencing Wudoo’ ?

Question 165What is the ruling on Tasmiyah (saying, “Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah]”) two meters away from the toilet in a Masjid (mosque)? Is that permissible or not?

Answer: Part of the Islaamic etiquette of entering the toilet is to enter with the left foot first and mention the Name of Allaah before entering, saying: “Bismillaah, Allaahumma innee a`oodu bika min al-khubthi wa al-khabbaa’ith [In the Name of Allaah. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from male and female devils].” If one wants to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) in the Wudoo’ area… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person whose right arm is amputated to use their left for doing everything?

Question 164A man had his right arm amputated so he uses the left for doing everything, such as Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), Madmadah (rinsing the mouth), and so on. Is doing so permissible? Also, this man cannot wash all the parts of his back when performing Ghusl (full ritual bath). Is it permissible for him to perform Ghusl with the help of his wife?

Answer: The general ruling regarding Istinjaa’ according to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is that people use their left hand. However, Madmadah and Istinshaq (sniffing water into the nose and then expelling it) are to be done with the right hand. This is to honor the right hand and protect it from filth. A proof of this is the Hadeeth narrated by `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said… read more here.

Does a small amount of Najaasah render a pig pool Najis?

Question 163We have a swimming pool at home, but some Najaasah (ritual impurity) fell into it. It was a small amount, only filling a teacup. The swimming pool is twelve meters. Would its water be Najis (ritually impure) and should not be used for swimming? Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Water is judged to be Najis if its color, taste, or smell changes due to Najaasah… read more here.

Is it permissible to use water mixed with Javelle water for Wudoo’?

Question 162Is it permissible to use water mixed with Javelle water (used as a disinfectant) for Wudoo’ (ablution)? What is the ruling if no other water is available?

Answer: If such substance which is mixed with water is not Najis (ritually impure) and does not cause the water to be given a different name, it does not cause water to lose its purity, and consequently a person may use it to perform Wudoo’… read more here.

Wudoo’ made from a tank, in which a pigeon has died and the smell of water has changed

Question 161What is the ruling on the Wudoo’ (ablution) of some people who used water from a tank, then after a week discovered a dead pigeon inside it? They kept using water from the tank for Wudoo’ and Tahaarah (ritual purification) for a week before they discovered the dead pigeon until the smell of water changed. We appreciate your advice. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: All the people who performed Wudoo’ from the water referred to in the question, after its characteristics had changed due to the death of a pigeon inside the tank, have to repeat the Salaahs (Prayers) for which they performed Wudoo’ from that altered water. This is because they have been performing Wudoo’ from Najis (ritually impure) water which does not remove the state of Hadath (ritual impurity that invalidates ablution). And Allaah knows best… read more here.

Performing Wudoo’ with leftover drinking water from animals lawful to eat?

Question 160Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) with drinking water left over by animals, such as cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep, and donkeys, even if this water is placed in a container?

Answer: If this foam, which is mixed with water and used in putting out fires, is made of impure substances that change the characteristics of water, it will not be permissible to use it in performing Wudoo’… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ with water mixed with foam, which is used in putting out fires?

Question 159The barrels which are used in putting out fire are filled with water and sometimes it is mixed with foam, which changes its characteristics. Is it permissible to use this water in performing Wudoo’ (ablution)? It is worth mentioning that this foam is made of organic substances such as the wastes of animals.

Answer: If this foam, which is mixed with water and used in putting out fires, is made of impure substances that change the characteristics of water, it will not be permissible to use it in performing Wudoo’… read more here.

Does water lose its purity when a person places his hand into it upon waking up?

Question 158The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: When any of you wakes up from sleep, he must not put his hand in the bowl (of water) until he has washed it three times, for he does not know where his hand was during the night. (Related by Muslim)

Does a person placing his hand in a bowl containing water upon waking up at night defile the purity of the water, in which case he will not be permitted to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) with it? Or does it maintain its state of purity, and therefore it will be permissible for him to perform Wudoo’ with it? Which is correct and preferable? We appreciate your advice. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Compliance with the prohibition stated in this Hadeeth is Ta`abbudee (a devotional obedience; the reason of its legislation lies beyond rational analysis). A person placing his hand in water upon waking up does not necessarily defile the purity of the water. The correct opinion is that it is permissible to perform Wudoo’ with such water… read more here.

Miscarriage during the fourth month of pregnancy

Question 157Is a woman who miscarries during the first four months of pregnancy considered to be in a postpartum state or should she perform Salaah (prayer) regularly?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a woman miscarries in the fourth month in which the fetus’s features can be identified, then the discharge is considered postpartum bleeding. She should not perform Salaah (Prayer) or Sawm (Fast) until she is purified, nor should she have sex with her husband… read more here.

Miscarriage during the first three months of pregnancy

Question 156Is a woman who miscarries during the first four months of pregnancy considered to be in a postpartum state or should she perform Salaah (prayer) regularly?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a woman miscarries in the fourth month in which the fetus’s features can be identified, then the discharge is considered postpartum bleeding. She should not perform Salaah (Prayer) or Sawm (Fast) until she is purified, nor should she have sex with her husband… read more here.

Should a woman make up for what she missed of days of Sawm and Salaah after giving birth to a baby?

Question 155Does a woman have to make up for Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (fasting) after she gives birth or not?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. A woman must not observe Salaah or Sawm while she is menstruating or in her postpartum period. If menstrual or postpartum bleeding stops during the days of her menstruation or postpartum period, she should take Ghusl (ritual bath), perform Wudoo’ (ablution), offer the Salaah that is due at that time and observe Sawm… read more here.

Foreplaying with one’s wife in her postpartum period before her completing forty days

Question 154Is it permissible for a husband to be intimate with his wife, without having vaginal intercourse with her, during the postpartum period before the passage of forty days, even if she is still bleeding?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Yes! It is permissible to do so. But the Sunnah in this regard is to ask her to tie a waist-wrapper, for it was reported that `Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “During my menses, the Messenger (peace be upon him) used to ask me to wear an Izaar (garment worn below the waist), and then he would fondle me.”… read more here.

After her delivery, she does not experience postpartum bleeding, is it permissible for her to perform Salaah etc?

Question 153If after a pregnant woman gives birth to her baby she does not experience postpartum bleeding, is it permissible for her husband to have sexual intercourse with her? Can she offer Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fasting) or not?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a pregnant woman gives birth without postpartum bleeding, she should perform Ghusl (ritual bath), offer Salaah and observe Sawm. Her husband can have sexual intercourse with her but after she takes Ghusl (ritual bath), because in most cases there is usually some blood, even if it is little, which is discharged while or after giving birth to a baby… read more here.

If postpartum bleeding stops before the completion of forty days, is it permissible for a woman to perform Salaah and observe Sawm?

Question 152If postpartum bleeding stops before the completion of forty days, is a woman permitted to perform Ghusl (ritual bath) and offer Salaah (Prayer) even if this bleeding returns before the forty days are over?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a woman in the postpartum period sees that she has become pure before the forty days are over, she should take Ghusl and then observe Salah and Sawm (Fasting), and her husband may have sexual intercourse with her. If the bleeding continues after the fortieth day, she should consider herself as having the same ruling as Taahir (ritually pure) women, because forty days is the maximum postpartum period length according to the more correct of the two scholarly views… read more here.

Sexual intercourse with a woman who is in her postpartum period if blood ceases before completing forty days

Question 151After twenty-two days of postpartum hemorrhage, he had sexual intercourse with his wife. Later, he heard some shaykhs of Masjids (mosques) saying that a woman who has not completed the period of postnatal bleeding but the bleeding has stopped, may perform Ghusl (ritual bath) and observe Salaah (prayer). He is asking about the ruling on having sexual intercourse with the wife before the end of her postpartum period?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The majority of scholars are of the opinion that the longest postpartum period is forty days and their nights, based on the report of ‘Aboo Daawood and Al-Tirmidee on the authority of Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she said… read more here.

Applying henna to hands and hair during menstruation

Question 150Is it permissible for me to apply henna to my hands and hair during the time of my menstrual period?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. It is permissible for you, for the basic principle in this regard is permissibility since there is no Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) text to the effect of prohibition… read more here.

Taking pills for restoring menstural periods

Question 149My wife has not had her monthly period for over five months, and she is not pregnant according to tests and medical examinations. The doctor has prescribed pills for her so that she can have her period. Can she take these pills?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. It is permissible for her to take the pills as long as the doctor affirms that they do not have effects that are more harmful than or equal to the benefit of taking them… read more here.

What is the ruling on the menstruating woman entering a Masjid?

Question 148Is it permissible for a menstruating woman to enter the Masjid (mosque)? What is the evidence for this?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. A menstruating woman is not permitted to enter the Masjid, except by way of passing by or crossing through it, if she needs to, like the case of a person who is junub (in a state of major ritual impurity), for Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Is it permissible for a menstruating woman to perform Salaah?

Question 147Is it permissible for a menstruating woman to offer Salaah (Prayer)? Is it permissible for a person to have conjugal intercourse with his wife on the night of ‘Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) and that of Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree)? When is it unlawful for a Muslim husband to have intercourse with his wife?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Firstly: It is not permissible for a menstruating woman to offer Salaah as long as she is menstruating. A menstruating woman is exempted from the duty of offering Salaah and she is not required to make up for the Salaah she missed after the end of menstruation. Once the menstruation period ends, the woman has to perform Ghusl (ritual bath) and offer the duly current Salaah… read more here.

When is it unlawful for a man to have intercourse with his wife?

Question 146Is it permissible for a menstruating woman to offer Salaah (Prayer)? Is it permissible for a person to have conjugal intercourse with his wife on the night of ‘Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) and that of Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree)? When is it unlawful for a Muslim husband to have intercourse with his wife?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Firstly: It is not permissible for a menstruating woman to offer Salaah as long as she is menstruating. A menstruating woman is exempted from the duty of offering Salaah and she is not required to make up for the Salaah she missed after the end of menstruation. Once the menstruation period ends, the woman has to perform Ghusl (ritual bath) and offer the duly current Salaah… read more here.

Using pills to stop my menstrual period during the month of Ramadaan?

Question 144Usually my monthly period lasts for nine or ten days. After I become pure and start doing the house chores, I bleed once more but intermittently, which confuses me. Therefore, I would like to know the exact duration of the menstrual period. If it comes back after elapse of the time stated in Sharee‘ah that a period may last, is it permissible for me to fast, pray, and go to the Haraam to make ‘Umrah (Lesser pilgrimage)? Is it permissible for me to use pills to stop my menstrual period during the month of Ramadaan. Is this permissible or Haraam (prohibited)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. First: The duration of your menstrual period is the length of time your period usually lasts, which in your case is nine or ten days. When the bleeding ceases after these nine or ten days, you should take Ghusl (ritual bath) and then you can pray, fast, or circumambulate the Ka‘bah during Hajj or ‘Umrah, or do any supererogatory acts of worship… read more here.

Performing Saalah in sheep pens

Question 143Is it permissible to wash the head using camel urine and to offer Salaah (Prayer) with it on the head? 

Question 142: Is it permissible to wash the head using sheep urine and to offer Salaah with it on the head?

Question 142: Is it permissible to perform Salaah in sheep pens?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. First: The urine of animals whose meat is permissible to eat is Taahir (pure) and if it is used on the body for some purpose, there is nothing wrong with praying while having it on… read more here.

If a pregnant woman bleeds, is she permitted to perform Salaah and Sawm?

Question 145A pregnant woman experiences non-menstrual bleeding during the noble month of Ramadaan. In spite of that she continues to offer Salaah (Prayer) and observe Sawm (Fast), is this right?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The blood that a pregnant woman discharges is not menstrual; rather it is irregular non-menstrual vaginal bleeding. Thus, this woman has to perform Wudoo’ after the start of the due time of every Salaah and offer Salaah. It is also permissible for her husband to have conjugal intercourse with her. She should fast Ramadaan and not make it up later… read more here.

Washing head with camel’s urine

Question 142Is it permissible to wash the head using camel urine and to offer Salaah (Prayer) with it on the head? 

Question 142: Is it permissible to wash the head using sheep urine and to offer Salaah with it on the head?

Question 142: Is it permissible to perform Salaah in sheep pens?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. First: The urine of animals whose meat is permissible to eat is Taahir (pure) and if it is used on the body for some purpose, there is nothing wrong with praying while having it on… read more here.

Is the blood of legally edible animals pure or not?

Question 141 Is the blood of animals that are lawful to be eaten according to Islaamic law, such as sheep and cows, Najis (impure)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The Masfooh (spilled, poured forth) blood of slaughtered animals whose meat is lawful to be eaten like sheep and cows is Najis (impure); whereas, the blood remaining in the veins and meat of the slaughtered animal is Taahir (pure)… read more here.

Performing Salaah while one’s body and clothes stained with blood of an animal ?

Question 140Some Muslims come to the Masjid (mosque) to offer Salaah (Prayer) while their clothes are stained with blood. When they are advised to remove the blood, they reply that it is the blood of a sacrificial animal whose meat is Halaal (lawful) and its blood does not invalidate Salaah. Is this statement true or not? Is it permissible to offer Salaah when a person’s skin or clothes have been stained with blood or not?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Tahaarah (purity) as well as permissibility are the basic rule of things. Nothing should be declared Haraam (forbidden) or Najis (impure) unless there is evidence for it. There is no absolute correlation between what is forbidden and what is impure; everything impure is forbidden, but not everything forbidden is impure… read more here.

Does wiping off the Najaasah that may fall on furniture or carpets many times make it pure?

Question 139Is it sufficient to wipe off the Najaasah (impurity) that may fall on furniture or carpets three times with a sponge, or what should a Muslim do?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. It is not sufficient to just wipe off the Najaasah that falls on the domestic items mentioned above; rather, abundant water must be poured over it until it overrides the urine or similar impurity that fell on it. In addition, if the Najaasah is solid, it must be removed… read more here.

Is the small amount of Najaasah as blood, pus, and matter excused?

Question 138What is the ruling on a small amount of Najaasah (impurity); for example a drop of blood that is similar, in size, to a grain of pearl millet?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Najaasah – whether a small or large amount – excluding blood, pus and matter, is not excused. With regard to blood, pus and matter, a small amount of them is excused, if they come out of any part of the body other than the private parts… read more here.

Does the elapse of Salaah time invalidate Tayammum ?

Question 137The time of Duhr (Noon) Prayer was due when I was at a place where there was no water, so I offered Duhr Prayer after performing Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth). After Salaah, I was sure that my Tayammum had not been invalidated until the time of ‘Asr (Afternoon) Prayer was due, so I offered Salaah without performing Tayammum again. Is the second Salaah valid or not? Should I perform Tayammum after the time of each prayer is due?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The sound view of scholars is that Tayammum is not invalidated by the end of the prayer time for which a person performed Tayammum; rather it is invalidated when water is present or by the occurrence of any of the annulments of Wudoo’ (ablution)… read more here.

Does one Tayammum suffice instead of both: Ghusl and Wudoo’ ?

Question 136Does one Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) suffice instead of both: Ghusl (ritual bath) and Wudoo’ (ablution)? Or should a person perform Tayammum twice?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Only one Tayammum is sufficient for all major and minor impurities if the intention is made for that… read more here.

What is the extent of sickness that permits a person to perform Tayammum, even if water is available?

Question 135What is the extent of sickness that permits a person to perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth), even if water is available?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The extent of any sickness in which it is permissible for a person to perform Tayammum, is if using water may aggravate the sickness or delay the process of the healing of wounds… read more here.

Is it permissible for a traveler to perform many obligatory Salaahs with one Tayammum

Question 134Since travelers are permitted to shorten Salaah (Prayers) and perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth), are they also permitted to perform one Tayammum for the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers or should they perform Tayammum for every prayer?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. It is sufficient for them to perform Tayammum once for offering more than one obligatory Salaah or supererogatory ones as long as they remain in a state of Tahaarah (ritual purification) [have not invalidated Tayammum] and cannot find water. This is according to the more correct of the two opinions held by the scholars… read more here.

Is it permissible for the one who performs Tayammum to touch Mus-haf?

Question 133We live in the desert and I love reciting the Qur’aan. However, sometimes and due to the lack of water, I put the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan) on the ground, and perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) before touching it. Is it permissible for a person who has made Tayammum to touch the Qur’aan, or not? Please enlighten us, may Allaah enlighten you and reward you with good.

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a Muslim cannot use or find water, they are permitted to make Tayammum and then to touch the Mus-haf… read more here.

Performing Tayammum instead of Wudoo’ to catch the congregational Salaah

Question 132In a case where someone comes to the Masjid (mosque) after Iqaamah (call to start the Prayer) has already been called, is it permissible for them to perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) to catch the congregational Salaah (prayer)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. It is not permissible to perform Tayammum (instead of Wudoo’) to catch the congregational Salaah. Tahaarah (ritual purification) with water must be performed, even if doing so will result in missing the prayer in congregation… read more here.