Latest permissible time for Zakaat-ul-Fitr

Question 4:  At the end of the blessed month of Ramadaan 1416 A.H., I did not give Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) that was due on me and my family, as I had work which distracted me from giving it. Actually, I have decided to give it along with this year’s. Is it permissible to do so?

Answer: Zakaat-ul-Fitr becomes obligatory starting from sunset on the night preceding `Eed-ul-Fitr until before Salaat-ul-`Eed (the Festival Prayer). Anyone who delays it beyond its due time without an excuse shall be considered sinful and should still make up for it. However, it will then be regarded as a sort of Sadaqah (voluntary charity) according to the Hadith reported on the authority of Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father): Anyone who gives it out before Salaat-ul-`Eed, it will be accepted as Zakaah. If anyone gives it after Salaat-ul-`Eed, it will be considered Sadaqah. (Related by ‘Aboo Daawood in his Sunan (v. 2, p. 262-263 Hadeeth no. 1609), Ibn Maajah, Al-Daaraqootnee and Al-Haakim have related this Hadeeth with a similar wording)… read more here.

The deceased on whom Zakaat-ul-Fitr is obligatory

Question 3: A man died before sunset of the last day of Ramadaan and another died after sunset; on whom is it obligatory to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast)?

Answer: Zakaat-ul-Fitr is not obligatory on anyone who dies before sunset on the night preceding `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast), as it becomes obligatory only after sunset of the last night of Ramadaan and the man in question died before the set time of Zakaat-ul-Fitr. On the other hand, Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be paid on behalf of the person who died after sunset, for it became obligatory on him as he died in the set time of Zakaat-ul-Fitr… read more here.

Where to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr?

Question 2: I live in Saudi Arabia, while my wife and my son live in Egypt; should I pay Zaakat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on their behalf? Please note that my wife lives with my father, mother, and sisters; should my father pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of me and them in Egypt? Please note that some of our relatives there are deserving recipients of Zakaah.

Answer: You should pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr in the country where you will be staying till the end of Ramadaan. Your father should pay it on behalf of your wife and children in the country where they are staying. However, if you pay their Zakaat-ul-Fitr along with yours in the country where you are staying, there is nothing wrong with this. The same applies if they pay your Zakaat-ul-Fitr in the country where they are staying… read more here.

Paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr in Cash

Question 1: Is it permissible to pay the equivalent of Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) in cash to the needy, by giving them the price of the prescribed amount of staple food, i.e., a Saa` (1 Sa` = 3 kg. approx.)?

Answer: It is not permissible to pay money instead of food as Zakat-ul-Fitr. The Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded the giving of food as Zakaat-ul-Fitr and specified its weight in Saa`, which indicates that it is fixed and that payment of its value does not discharge the obligation. The poor can then sell the food after receiving it and make good use of the money… read more here.