Question: My mother (may Allaah be Merciful to her and admit her into His spacious Paradise) died before the month of Ramadaan this year and her age was roughly one hundred years. In her last days, she said that she had never made up for the days of fast in Ramadaan that she missed because of the period. She was actually unaware of the relevant ruling. Are we duty bound to fast and expiate on her behalf? If yes, please give us Fatwaa on the following, may Allaah reward you with the best:
1. We do not know the number of days she missed; how can we count these days?
2. Is it permissible that anyone other than her heirs fasts on her behalf for a remuneration or for free?
3. What should we do first: Fast or pay charity?
4. Should the Sadaqah (voluntary charity) given as expiation be paid intermittently for each day or be gathered and given out at once?
5. What is the amount of Sadaqah that should be given as expiation? Can we give it out meat with rice or wheat?
6. Can we pay Sadaqah to charities to give it to those who deserve it? It is worth mentioning that some residential buildings for expatriates are nearby, including men, women and children. There is also a garrison nearby, but we do not know whether those people are in need of Sadaqah. We would like to know what we should do. May Allaah reward you.
Answer: You can try and work out the number of days your mother has missed, and then fast these days on her behalf along with feeding a needy person an amount of 1.5 kg of the staple food of the country as expiation for delaying in making up the missed fast... read more here.
Question: A man worked in a non-Muslim country. He was forced not to fast during the month of Ramadaan, and he died after he returned to his country. What is the ruling on this case?
Answer: If a person dies before making up for the days of fast he missed in Ramadaan, then any of his heirs can fast on his/her behalf if they want. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: If anyone dies in a state (that he had to complete) some days of fasting, his heir must fast on his behalf.... read more here.
Question: A man died when he had to make up for 10 days that he missed in Ramadaan. He had recovered in the month of Shawwaal but he was quite negligent in making up for what he missed. Should his heir fast on his behalf or is this only limited to vow and fasts of expiation? If the heir prefers giving food to fasting, is it permissible? In addition, how many Saa`s (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of food should be given? Please answer us, may Allaah reward you with the best.
Answer: It is allowable for his heirs to fast the days he missed on his behalf. This is according to the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him): If anyone dies in a state (that he had to complete) some days of fasting, his heir must fast on his behalf. The Hadeeth is general and includes the fast of Ramadaan, the fast of vows, and the fast of expiation according to the correct opinion maintained by scholars... read more here.
Question: My grandfather died while missing fast of some days in Ramadaan and he did not make up for them because of his illness. What is the ruling on this case?
Answer: If a person dies without making up for the obligatory fast of Ramadaan, because he could not do so, there is no harm on him because he is excused. Yet, if a person was able to make up for the missed fast but neglected it until he passed away, then it is better for his relatives to fast on his behalf... read more here.
Question: My father was ill and died while he had to make up for two days of Ramadaan, This was a year ago. He passed away in Shawwaal and he said that he would feed poor people to make up for the two days. What is obligatory on us regarding him? Should we fast and feed poor people or only feed poor people on his behalf? It is noted that we do not know whether he fed poor people to make up for these days or he fasted them. He was a diabetic and he fasted Ramadaan but with great difficulty.
Answer: If your father was able to make up for the missed days of fasting of the previous Ramadaan but he was careless until another Ramadaan came, after which he passed away, it is better that someone makes up for these two days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.
Question: My wife, may Allaah confer mercy on her, died two weeks ago. She had to make up for seven days of the past Ramadaan in which she had her monthly period and she died without making up for them.
Should I fast on her behalf? Please take into consideration that I have to make up for a month, or should I fast what is required on me first and for her after that?
Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, then it is incumbent on you to make up for your missed fast, and after that it is permissible to fast on behalf of your deceased wife. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.
Question: My mother passed away. Before she died, she mentioned to me that she had to make up for two months of Ramadaan in two years. The month of Ramadaan came while she was in the postpartum period, and she died without making up for them. Women at that time used to be involved in agriculture work in addition to housework. She lived for about 50 years. Should I fast on her behalf or feed sixty poor people and if so, what is the manner of feeding? Should I slaughter some sheep and distribute the meat among sixty poor houses or should I pay the value of food? Please guide us, may Allaah reward you with the best. I want to absolve her.
Answer: It is better to fast on behalf of your mother, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: If anyone dies in a state (that he had to complete) some days of fasting, his heir must fast on his behalf. (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.