Intending to observe supererogatory Sawm on a particular day

Question: With regard to supererogatory Sawm (Fast), one may have the intention to observe Sawm on a particular day but when they get up in the morning, they find themselves in a state of Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge). What is the ruling on this matter? Should they complete the Sawm?

Answer: If one observes Sawm at the time when abstention from all that breaks Sawm is due, while they are in a state of Janaabah, their Sawm is valid. This ruling is based on the Hadeeth related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim on the authority of Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she said... read more here.

Committing Zinaa before Fajr salaah, not performing Janaabah Ghusl, having Suhoor, and observing Sawm

Question: Is it permissible for a person who gets up Junub (person in a state of major ritual impurity) to observe Sawm (Fast) What was reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this regard?

Answer: It is permissible for a person to intend Sawm while he is Junub, and he can take Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge) afterwards. It was reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) would sometimes get up at the appointed time of Fajr (Dawn) Prayer while he was Junub and would intend Sawm, and then perform Ghusl... read more here.

Committing Zinaa before Fajr salaah, not performing Janaabah Ghusl, having Suhoor, and observing Sawm

Question: A young man committed the sin of Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage) two hours before the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer. He could not perform Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge), but he had Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast) and intended to observe Sawm (Fast). Three hours and a half before the Thuhr (Noon) Prayer, he performed the Janaabah Ghusl. What is the ruling on his Sawm?

Answer: There is no doubt that Zinaa is major act of disobedience and an abominable sin. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And come not near to unlawful sex. Verily, it is a Faahishah (i.e. anything that transgresses its limits: a great sin), and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allaah forgives him).... read more here.

If a fasting person gets up in a state of Janaabah

Question: Is it permissible for a couple to observe Sawm (Fast) after having sexual intercourse even though they slept until the break of dawn without taking Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge)?

Answer: When a couple have sexual intercourse during the last part of the night before the break of dawn and then hold the intention of Sawm at dawn even before taking Ghusl, their intention of Sawm is valid and they can take Janabah Ghusl afterwards... read more here.

A woman putting her hand into her vagina for cleansing

Question:  I am a woman who was ignorant that when a woman puts her hand into her vagina for cleansing, this renders Sawm (Fast) invalid. I continued to do so for many years. Now I am making up for the missed days of Ramadaan. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on me to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) by feeding the needy? What is the amount of such a Kaffaarah? It is worth mentioning that I did so out of ignorance and I cannot observe Sawm except in winter.

Answer: The act of putting the hand into the vagina does not render Sawm invalid unless it results in sexual discharge out of sexual desire. When it results in sexual discharge, it renders Sawm invalid, and it is Waajib on a woman to make up for it only... read more here.

Does Madee invalidate one’s Sawm?

Question: During last Ramadaan, my wife and I would sleep in bed and talk to each other while fasting. Sometimes I would have an erection and feel excited, then I would slip away but a small viscous and colorless spot would come out of my penis. Please take into consideration that when I have an erection when I am not with my wife, the same viscous colorless spot comes out after five minutes. Does this invalidate Sawm (Fast) and should I take Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge)? I hope you could clarify this point for me.

Answer: Discharge of Madee (thin white viscid fluid secreted due to sexual thoughts or desire) does not invalid Sawm according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions. What you asked about is Madee and when it is emitted... read more here.

Ejaculation due to sexual thoughts

Question: I have committed a sin and I ask Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to help me find a solution to my problem with Your Eminence. I am a young man with a burning sexual desire. During the month of Ramadaan, Satan tempted me and made me ejaculate semen after I had imagined there was a woman before me during the day of Ramadaan while I was observing Sawm (Fast) though I am unmarried and I am about to take the second term exams. I am still a university student. I ask Allaah Almighty to help me find a solution to my problem. What should I do? What is the solution to my problem? Is it Waajib (obligatory) on me to make up for this day and offer a Kaffaarah (expiation)? I would be grateful if you could give me the ruling on this case, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: If you ejaculate semen during the day of Ramadaan after imagining that there is a woman before you, there is no sin on you, but you have to dismiss such thoughts and seek to safeguard yourself through marriage because Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error... read more here.

Making up for the missed days of Sawm, but having a wet dream after performing the Fajr Prayer

Question: If a person is making up for the missed days of Sawm (Fast) of the blessed Ramadaan and after he performs the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and goes to bed, he has a wet dream; does he have to perform Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge) when he wakes up and complete his Sawm or break his Sawm and make up for it the following day?

Answer: If a person is observing obligatory or supererogatory Sawm and after he goes to sleep he has a wet dream, this has nothing to do with his Sawm and does not render it invalid. The person has to perform Janaabah Ghusl to be able to perform Salah (Prayer) provided that he sees semen. If he does not see semen, he is not required to perform Janabah Ghusl. As for the Sawm itself, it is valid in any case as having a wet dream occurs unwillingly... read more here.

A fasting person having sexual dreams

Question: One morning in Ramadaan, I had a sexual dream after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maniy (sperm released on orgasm) was discharged. I know that masturbation in Ramadaan is Haraam (prohibited), but I cannot control these sexual dreams. I hope Your Eminence will answer my question whether my Sawm (Fast) was invalidated and if it was, am I a sinner and should I make up for this day? What else should I do to expiate breaking Sawm on this day?

Answer: Having a sexual dream does not invalidate one’s Sawm because it was out of your control. However, you should take Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge) to be ready for the Salaah (Prayer). The ruling on having a sexual dream is not the same as that of masturbation because masturbation is done willingly while sexual dreams are not... read more here.

The release of Maniy invalidates Sawm

Question: I forgot that I was in Ramadaan and was observing Sawm (Fast) when I sat beside a woman, and I later ejaculated, what should I do?

Answer: If you have Maniy (sperm released on orgasm) during the daytime of Ramadaan without having intercourse, you should repent, ask for Allaah’s Forgiveness, and make up for this day because the release of Maniy invalidates Sawm. But, you do not have to offer Kaffaarah (expiation)... read more here.

A person willingly exposed himself to sexual excitement during the day of Ramadaan and masturbated

Question: What is the ruling on the person who willingly exposed himself to sexual excitement during the day of Ramadaan, so he could not control himself and performed the act of masturbation? Does he have to offer any Kaffaarah (expiation) for that?

Answer: It is impermissible for a fasting person to intentionally break their obligatory Sawm (Fast)... read more here.

Masturbating at night during Ramadaan

Question: A Muslim fellow, may Allaah guide him, asked me about the ruling on performing the act of masturbation during the night of Ramadaan. He wants to know if the ruling on this is like the ruling on performing the act of masturbation during the day of Ramadaan.

Answer: The act of masturbation is forbidden, so it is impermissible to perform it by day or by night. It is more offensive and detestable to do that in Ramadaan because the act of masturbation is considered a violation of the sacredness and honor of such a sacred month. If a person performs the act of masturbation during the day of Ramadaan, the following things are Waajib (obligatory) on them... read more here.

Masturbating during the day in Ramadaan while being unable to offer Kaffaarah

Question: A person performed the act of masturbation during the day in Ramadaan and he could not emancipate a slave, observe Sawm (Fast) for two successive months, or feed sixty needy persons as a Kaffaarah (expiation). It is worth mentioning that this person performed this act more than once during the day in Ramadaan. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: Whoever performs the act of masturbation while observing Sawm during Ramadaan commits a forbidden sin which renders Sawm invalid. Therefore, this person has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for and make up for that day, but he does not have to offer any Kaffaarah (expiation) as the Kaffaarah is prescribed in Islaam for the act of sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadan. The act of masturbation is not deemed as an act of sexual intercourse... read more here.

Masturbation during Sawm before the Fajr Prayer

Question: During Ramadaan, as soon as I reached my house before the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, I could not do anything except after performing the act of masturbation. I would begin performing the act of masturbation before the Fajr Prayer, but I would not finish and satisfy my sexual desire except after the Athaan. The worst matter is that I would sleep without performing the Fajr Prayer despite that I would observe Sawm (Fast). It is worth mentioning that I performed the act of masturbation for twenty nights in Ramadaan. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on me to make up for the Sawm of those days? If so, how can I make up for those days? I would like to tell you that I have given up this practice completely, and all praise be to Allaah. I would be grateful if you could guide me to the right practice with regard to this matter.

May Allaah Almighty make all that you offer to the Muslim nation and the Muslims in the record of your deeds.

Answer: The act of masturbation you performed after the Athaan of the Fajr Prayer renders your Sawm invalid; Therefore, you have to make up for the days when you performed the act of masturbation after the Athaan of the Fajr Prayer, along with offering Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) regarding this practice... read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with an animal while observing Sawm

Question: A young man says that at some point in the distant past he wronged himself and could not control his sexual desire, and Satan enticed him to have sexual intercourse with an animal. Rather, he used to perform the act of masturbation. He adds that he practiced masturbation while he was observing Sawm (Fast) during the month of Ramadaan. He says that he knows masturbation is forbidden, but he did not know that it renders Sawm invalid. He adds that he would keep observing Sawm by abstaining from food and drink during the day, enduring the hot weather and offering Salaah (Prayer). His question is as follows:

1- Does he have to do anything with regard to Sawm of the days on which he practiced masturbation while observing Sawm? It should be taken into account that he does not know the exact number of those days.

2- Is it obligatory on him to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) for having sex with the animal?

These are the very words of his question. I would be grateful if Your Eminence could send us a clear and confidential answer to this question as I see him distressed and displeased with what he did. May Allaah protect you as pride for all Muslims.

Answer: This young man has to turn to Allaah in repentance for having sex with the animal and performing the act of masturbation. He should seek Forgiveness of his Lord. Besides, he must make up for the days on which he rendered his Sawm invalid by committing such sins... read more here.

Masturbation during Sawm

Question: What is the juristic ruling on what I did last Ramadaan as I masturbated on two days in the early morning? I was not ignorant about the punishment of its act, but I did it because I could not overcome my sexual desire, so I ask this question; what should I do now?

Answer: You should turn to Allaah (Exalted be He) in repentance and seek His Forgiveness with regard to masturbation as it is a forbidden practice,particularly during the day of Ramadaan. Moreover, you have to make up for the two days on which you broke your Sawm (Fast) after having masturbated... read more here.

Engaging in foreplay with the wife and discharging semen while observing Sawm

Question: While a man was observing Sawm (Fast) during the month of Ramadaan, he engaged in foreplay with his wife without penetrating her until he discharged a few drops of semen; what should he do?

Answer: If a man engages in foreplay with his wife and discharges semen while observing Sawm in Ramadaan, his Sawm is invalid. He has to make up for this day and abstain from food, drink, and sexual intercourse on this day until sunset. In addition, he has to turn to Allaah (Exalted be He) in repentance for doing so and be determined not to do this again... read more here.

Kissing and fondling during Sawm

Question: Does kissing one’s wife during the day in Ramadaan without having sexual desire break Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: When a fasting person kisses his wife, this does not break his Sawm. This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to kiss his wives while he was observing Sawm. However, if anyone fears that his sexual desire may be aroused, he should not kiss his wife so as to keep his Sawm away from anything that might render it invalid... read more here.

Fondling his wife, he had an erection and ejaculated while fasting

Question: Does an erection due to kissing one’s wife render Wudoo’ and Sawm (Fast) Baatil (null and void) or Wudoo’ only? Another question: What is the ruling on wearing perfume while fasting; is it Haraam (prohibited) or Makrooh (disliked)?

Answer: Generally, as a fasting person, you should keep yourself away from acts which render Sawm incomplete or Baatil. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: When any one of you is fasting, he should neither have sexual relations with his wife nor behave impudently; and if anyone abuses him or quarrels with him he should say: “I am fasting.”(Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)... read more here.

What did `Aa’ishah mean when she said: He used to kiss and fondle me?

Question: What did `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) mean when she said he used to kiss and touch me (Related by Al-Bukhaaree)? What is meant in detail by “touch me” that is mentioned in the Hadeeth? Please guide me. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Anyone who observes Sawm (Fast) has the Rukhsah (concession) to kiss and touch without having intercourse as long as he is able to control his lust. It was authentically reported on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to kiss and touch (his wives) without having intercourse while observing Sawm; but he had the greatest control over his desire (as compared with you).... read more here.

Fondling during the daytime of Ramadaan without intercourse and reaching orgasm

Question: My husband had foreplay with me during the daytime of Ramadaan without intercourse, the matter that caused me to reach orgasm. Actually, I have regretted doing so and repented, but what am I obliged to do?

Answer: You should make up for that day. However, if this happened during Ramadaan of a previous year before 1420 AH, you should make up for that day in addition to feeding a poor person for delaying making it up with no excuse... read more here.

Meaning of fondling one’s wife during Sawm

Question: I am a thirty-year-old young man. I am married and have children, praise be to Allaah. I am, praise be to Allaah, punctual in performing Obligatory Prayers. During Ramadaan, I offer `Ishaa’ (Night) Prayer, Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadan), and Tahajjud (optional late night Prayer) in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah).

One Ramadaan night, however, after performing Tahajjud I went shopping and all of a sudden saw a woman of great charm. To be honest, I was charmed by her but I sought refuge with Allaah from the accursed Satan and went home without committing any sin. Anyway, it was in vain to try to sleep after performing Fajr (Dawn) Prayer as I was totally obsessed by the image of this woman. Meanwhile, my wife was lying beside me and I started foreplay with her with the woman’s picture in my mind. To clarify more, my penis was at that moment between the thighs of my wife which caused me unconsciously to ejaculate. Upon this, I wished I had disappeared off the face of the earth before this could have happened. Please guide me, what should I do?

Actually, I made up for this day but I was told that I have to fast, in addition, for two consecutive months, which I cannot afford.

Please, tell me in detail about the Kaffaarah (expiation). Is it permissible for me to pay the value of food to be given to the poor in cash? If yes, how much does a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) equal in riyals. Please, answer me as soon as possible because I am so confused and Satan whispers many evil thoughts – Allaah only knows how evil they are – to me. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Fast during Ramadaan does not stand for only abstaining from eating and drinking. Rather, it also entails that all the body organs fast, i.e., abstain from all things prohibited by Allaah. Thus, a tongue should fast and abstain from backbiting, gossip, and lying... read more here.

Kissing and fondling during Sawm

Question: What is the ruling on someone who engaged in foreplay with his wife while fasting and ejaculated without intercourse? May Allaah reward you!

Answer: If a husband engages in foreplay with his wife while fasting during Ramadaan and ejaculates without intercourse, his fast will be invalid, and he should abstain from fast invalidators for the rest of the day. Moreover, he has to make up for that day (after Ramadaan) and ask Allaah for forgiveness.

Anyway, he is not liable for a Kaffaarah (expiation). So while fasting, we must guard our fasts against acts or words that nullify it or cause it to be defective. In this regard, a fasting person should abstain from sexual desire, eating, and drinking for the sake of Allaah as authentically narrated from the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Fondling one’s wife while fasting in Ramadaan

Question: Although I have a strong belief in Allaah (Exalted be He), Satan incited me during the blessed month of Ramadaan to engage in foreplay with my wife. We kissed and hugged one another while wearing our clothes, the matter that caused us to reach orgasm. In fact, this took place during the early days of our marriage and we did so on three days of Ramadaan, bearing in mind that we did not break our fast during these days in the sense that we continued fasting without eating or drinking. This took place during the month of Ramadaan, 1410 AH. The present Ramadaan has come while we have not expiated or made up for the mistake we committed during Ramadaan two years ago due to our ignorance regarding the liabilities resulting from such a mistake. Give us a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar), may Allaah reward you!

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, your fast was invalidated and both of you must make up for the days on which this took place. Since you delayed expiation without a legal excuse till a subsequent Ramadaan came, each of you should make up for these days, in addition to feeding one poor person for every day you did so an amount of 1.5 kg of the local staple food. Moreover, you must repent to Allaah and ask His Forgiveness… read more here.