Ruling on celebrating on occasions like: weddings, moving to a new house, birthdays

Question 16: What is the ruling on the joyful celebrations held by Muslims in Trinidad on particular occasions; such as weddings, moving to a new house, birthdays, and many others? They celebrate them by reciting the Qur’aan, singing eulogies to the honorable Prophet (peace be upon him) and at the end of the celebration they stand out of respect and appreciation to the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Answer: Firstly, the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade secret marriages and ordered people to announce weddings. This announcement involves celebrating the wedding and moving the bride to the groom’s house. Thus, it is permissible to hold these celebrations so long as they contain no unacceptable songs, are in a place where there is no mixing between women and men, or what is similar to these forbidden things... read more here.

Athaan for the two `Eed Prayers

Question 15: What is the opinion on using a microphone to call people to come to `Eed Prayers, i.e. ‘Eed al-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) and `Eed al-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice)? Also, what is the opinion on teaching them that this Salaah (Prayer) is obligatory and includes reciting the Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”) six times?

Answer: The guidance and teachings of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) indicate that there should be no Athaan (call to Prayer) before either Prayer of `Eed-ul-Fitr or `Eed-ul-Ad-haa to summon people to the Musallah (place for Prayer) or to teach them the ruling on this Salaah. It should not be done by either a microphone or anything else, as its time is known – Al-Hamdu lillaah (all praise be to Allaah). Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allaah and the Last Day The rulers and scholars should clarify the ruling on this Salaah to all Muslims before the day of `Eed. They should explain how it is to be performed and what is to be done before and after it, so the people can prepare themselves to go to the Musallah on time and perform the Salaah in accordance with the Islaamic prescribed way... read more here.

Takbeer on the Days of Tashreeq days

Question 14:  Allaah (Exalted be He) has commanded us to engage ourselves in continuous Dikr (Remembrance of Allaah) during the Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dul-Hijjah). What is the evidence for this, how is it performed, and how many times should it be done?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) orders us to remember Him unlimitedly on the Days of Tashreeq, saying (what means): And remember Allâh during the appointed Days. There is nothing in the Qur’aan or the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that specifies the number or the form of Dikr to be recited after the Five Obligatory Prayers on the Days of Tashreeq. One of the most authentic reports concerning the formula of Takbeer (Magnification of Allaah) during that time is what was narrated by `Abdul-Razzaaq, with an authentic Sanad (chain of narrators), on the authority of Salmaan Al-Faarisee (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said,”Say: ‘Allaahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar! Allaahu Akbar! Allaahu Akbaru Kabeeraa! (Allah is the Greatest! Allaah is the Greatest! Allaah is the Greatest! Allah is the Greatest of all Greatness!)'” It was said that the Takbeer should be recited twice followed by: “Laa ilaaha illaa-Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar! Allaahu Akbar, wa lillaahi’l-hamd (There is no god but Allaah. Allaah is the Greatest! Allaah is the Greatest, and all praise is due to Allaah).” This was reported on the authority of `Umar and Ibn Mas`ood (may Allaah be pleased with them both)... read more here.

General Takbeer at `Eed Al-Ad-haa

Question 13:  What is your opinion regarding offering general Takbeer at `Eed Al-Ad-haa? Does it continue until the thirteenth day of Thul-Hijjah? Is there any difference between a person who is performing Hajj and a person who is not?

Answer: One should continue offering general Takbeer until the end of the thirteenth day of Thul-Hijjah. There is no difference in this regard between a person who is performing Hajj and others. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and mention the Name of Allaah on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th day of Thul-Hijjah) and And remember Allaah during the appointed Days. Al-Bukhaaree reported that Ibn `Abbaas said: “Al-Ayyaam Al-Ma`loomaat (appointed days) are the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah and Al-Ayyaam Al-Ma`doodaat (appointed days) are 11th, 12th and 13th day of Thul-Hijjah.” Al-Bukhaaree also said that Ibn `Umar and Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with them both) used to go to the market in the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah in order to offer Takbeer. People used to follow their example in offering Takbeer... read more here.

Making up for the missed `Eed Prayers

Question 12:  On the morning of `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) when we arrived at the Prayer place in one of the suburbs of the city of Al-Taa’if, in the area of Banoo Malik, we found that the Imam had finished the Salaah (Prayer) and was about to finish the Khutbah (sermon). The latecomers asked one of them to lead Salaah. Their number exceeded fifty people, so he led them in a two unit Salaah during the Khutbah. After the end of the Salah,a dispute arose on the validity of their Salaah. Some said that the Salaah was valid. Could you please advise us? Was this Salaah valid or not? May Allaah guide you to good. Al-Salaam Alaykum!

Answer: The two `Eed Prayers are a collective duty. When a group of people offer it, others are exempted from sin. As in the case in question, offering what is obligatory had been done by those who offered Salaah first and attended the Khutbah of the Imaam. Whoever missed it and wished to make up for it may do so without a Khutbah after. This is the saying of Imaam Maalik, Al-Shaafi`ee, Ahmad, Al-Nakh`ee, and other scholars. The origin in this regard is the Prophet’s saying (peace be upon him) When you head for prayer, come to it walking with tranquility, and pray the Rak`ahs that you have caught of Salaah, and complete what you have missed. It is narrated that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) used to gather his family and his servants for Salaah, when he would miss the two `Eed Prayers then his servant `Abdullaah ibn Aboo `Utbah would lead them in Salaah where he says: Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]”). Those who attend the `Eed Prayer while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah have to listen to the Khutbah and then make up for the Salaah afterwards so as to combine both benefits... read more here.

Offering Tahiyyat Al-Masjid in the place where `Eed Prayer is held

Question 11:  As the places where `Eed Prayer and Salaat-ul-Istisqaa’ (Prayer for rain) are offered become known Masjids (mosques), are fenced, and a part of Muslims’ inviolable endowments. There is a big dispute regarding Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid (two-unit Prayer to honor the mosque) whether it is desirable or forbidden, due to the authentic Hadeeth related by Al-Bukhaaree: The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not offer supererogatory Salaah before or after the `Eed. We wish to refer this issue to his highness Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn Baaz to clarify the matter and explain the soundest opinion of scholars. Should we offer Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid on entering these Masjids (mosques)? What is the ruling if `Eed Prayer was performed in a Masjid where Jumu`ah (Friday) Salaah is performed? We wish you would clarify this and the ruling on offering a supererogatory Salaah in the `Eed Masjid before or after the Salaah. If it is prohibited, is it prohibited for both the Imam and the follower or only for the Imaam? May Allaah preserve you!

Answer: When Muslims offer `Eed Prayer or Salaat-ul-Istisqaa’ outside their residence; it is not permissible for the people who come to the praying place to offer supererogatory Salaah; whether Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid or any other Salaah. This is confirmed by the Hadeeth related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim on the authority of Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them): The Prophet (peace be upon him) came out on the Day of `Eed Al-Fitr and prayed two Raka`ahs without performing any Prayer before or after them. If the `Eed Prayer or Salaat-ul-Istisqaa’ is observed in one of the usual Masjids, there is no harm in offering Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid upon entering the Masjid and no other supererogatory Salaah is required therein... read more here.

Du`aa’ (invocation) in `Eed Prayer

Question 10:  What is the Du`aa’ to be said in `Eed Prayer?

Answer: We do not know of any particular Du`aa’ to be said by Muslims in Salaat-ul-`Eed or the day of `Eed (Festival). However, it is recommended for them to recite Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”), Tasbeeh (saying: “Subhaan Allaah [Glory be to Allaah]”), Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”), and Tahmeed (saying: “Al-hamdu lillaah [All praise is due to Allaah]”) during the two nights before `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) and `Eed-ul-Ad-ha (the Festival of the Sacrifice), the day of `Eed-ul-Fitr until the Khutbah (sermon) finishes, the days of `Eed-ul-Ad-ha until the end of Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dul-Hijjah), and the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah for Allaah (Glorified be He) says regarding `Eed-ul-Fitr: (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allaah [i.e. to say Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar; Allaah is the Most Great)] for having guided you There are also some Hadeeths and Athaar (narrations from the Companions) to the same effect... read more here.

What is said between the Takbeer in `Eed Prayer

Question 9: What should a Ma’moom (a person being led by an Imam in Prayer) and Imaam say between the seven Takbeers in the first Rak`ah (unit of Prayer) and the five Takbeers in the second Rak`ah in Salaat-ul-`Eed? Can one say: “Subhaan Allaah (Glory be to Allaah), Al-hamdu lillaah (Praise be to Allaah), Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (There is no god but Allaah), and Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest)”?

Answer: A person is required to say Takbeer seven times in the first Rak`ah of `Eid Prayer at the beginning of his Salaah. A person is also required to say Takbeer five times in the second Rak`ah raising his hands for every Takbeer. One is legally permitted also to say Tahmeed (saying: “Al-hamdu lillaah [All praise is due to Allaah]”), Tasbeeh (saying: “Subhaan Allaah [Glory be to Allaah]”) and Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”). One is permitted also to ask Allaah to confer peace and blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) between every Takbeer and the other... read more here.

Takbeer of `Eed Salaah (Prayer)

Question 8: Why is it Sunnah to utter Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”) twelve times before we recite Soorah Al-Faatihah in `Eed Prayer? And what is the benefit of this and why do we do it in `Eed Prayer and not in the Five Obligatory Prayers?

Answer: The basic ruling in acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) is that they are Tawqeef (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). We should worship Allaah in the manner He (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him) told us to, whether we know the wisdom behind this or not. This is especially so regarding acts of ‘Ibaadah, such as Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fasting), and Hajj, as the intellect has no role to play in these. It also includes what the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordained in regard to saying Takbeer six or seven times after the Takbeeraat-ul-Ihraam (saying: “Allaahu Akbar” upon starting Prayer) before reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah in the first Rak`ah (unit of Prayer) of the Two `Eed Prayers, and saying it five times before reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah in the second Rak`ah of the Two `Eed Prayers, which is different from the Five Obligatory Prayers. We have to believe in whatever Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him) prescribed for us, surrender to Him, and listen and obey... read more here.

Offering the two `Eed Prayer in a sports club

Question 7: What is the ruling on the following deed: some youth invited people to offer the `Eed Prayer at one of the sports club as an act of reviving the Sunnah.It would be taken into consideration that the clubs are surrounded with houses and the place allocated for Salaah is fenced. Indeed, these playgrounds are not designated for Salaah but for play and amusement.

Answer: Performing Salaah in such places is valid. You should contact the competent authority e.g. The Ministry of Endowment and Islaamic Affairs, and relate the matter to them, as this is one of its responsibilities. They should set places for the `Eed Prayer for the people of the country. If they are already fixed, they should prevent these youth from offering the `Eed Prayer in the clubs so that they will offer it with Muslims in the designated Masjids (mosques) for this purpose... read more here.

Preparing more than one place to offer `Eed Prayers in one city

Question 6: The Muslim Association hires a large hall to use as a place for the Two `Eed Prayers. Is it permissible for a group of Muslims who are about thirty miles away from that hall to make the `Eed Prayer in their Masjid (mosque) bearing in mind that means of transportation are available? Is it preferred that the majority of Muslims pray in one hall instead of offering the `Eed Prayer in more than one congregation?

Answer: It is preferred for the majority of Muslims to pray if they are able to do so. However, if there is difficulty to gather in one place; they may offer the Salaah (Prayer) in their town which is about thirty miles away from the place in which the `Eed Prayer is established... read more here.

Places for praying the two `Eed Prayers

Question 5: Q 1: Should the place chosen for the Two `Eed Prayers be Waqf (endowment) land for the Muslims or it can be performed anywhere?

Q 2: Should the place for the two `Eed Prayers be far from the city or the village?

Q 3: What if there is a big city that has no specific place outside the city for the two `Eed Prayers, but there are many spaces inside the city that the non-Muslim government owns and they give permission to hold the two `Eed Prayers there?

Q 4: How many Takbeers (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”) are there in the `Eed Prayer and in what positions are they uttered during the Salaah, according to the Sunnah of the Messenger (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Firstly: the two `Eed Prayers should be offered in open areas, but it is not necessary for the place to be Waqf land for the Muslims, nor be far from the city or the village.

Secondly: If there is no specific place for Muslims to offer the two `Eid Prayers and there is a place where it can be held, which is owned by a non-Muslim government that permits the Muslim residents to offer Salah (Prayer) there, it is permissible to perform the Salaah there, and there is no harm in doing so, if Allaah so wills.

Thirdly: The number of Takbeers during the `Eed Prayer is seven in the first Rak`ah (unit of Prayer), including the opening Takbeeraat-ul-Ihraam (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]” upon starting the Prayer), and five in the second Rak`ah, not including the Takbeer said upon rising from Sujood (prostration) to offer the second Rak`ah. The positions of saying Takbeer: in the first Rak`ah after Takbeeraat-ul-Ihraam, and in the second: after the Takbeer said upon standing up from Sujood for offering the second Rak`ah... read more here.

Postponing the ‘Eed Prayer to the following day

Question 4: Is it permissible to delay performing the `Eed Prayer to the second day of sighting the new moon of Shawwaal in order that all Muslim workers can take leave to attend it? Due to the fact that the `Eed day is not previously known,it is very difficult for them to inform those who are responsible about taking a certain day off for vacation.

Answer: The `Eed Prayer is a collective duty. If a group of people perform it, there will be no blame on others. A group of scholars said that it is an individual duty as Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer. As long as the Islaamic center performs the `Eed Prayer due to sighting the new moon, therefore, the Salaah performed in the Islaamic center is sufficient for those who do not attend it. It is not permissible to delay it until the second or third day of Shawwaal in order that all Muslims in London can attend it. Delaying it to the second or third day of Shawwaal contradicts what is unanimously agreed upon among the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and those who came after them. There is no scholar who held this view according to our knowledge. But they are permitted to delay it until the second day if they did not know, until Zawaal (midday), that this day is `Eed… read more here.

Children going out for ‘Eed Prayer

Question 3: There is a prevalent habit in our town. This habit is related to children who go to the Musalla (a place for Prayer) for `Eid (Festival). They do not offer the Salaah (Prayer), they just sit near the Masjid (mosque) playing and making loud noises expressing their joy for `Eed. Thus, they disturb the worshipers who are not able to follow the Khutbah (sermon). The children continue to play until the worshipers finish their Salah then they return home with the latter. I asked them to stop this bad habit but in vain. Please tell me what is the ruling on this habit that the children of successive generations are following.

Answer: Children who are seven years old or older should not be prevented from coming to the Musalla of `Eed. This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Command your children to pray when they are seven years old, and beat them for (neglecting) it when they are ten years old; and arrange their beds (to sleep) separately. However, children should be advised and guided to follow the etiquettes of Islaam, to adhere to the rights of Salaah and the worshipers, to listen to the Khutbah and admonitions, and not to speak loudly lest they disturb the Khateeb (preacher) and those who are listening to him. On the other hand, the parents and guardians of children should be made aware of that so they may refine their children and discipline them. At the same time, the parents and guardians should be moderate; they should neither repress their children nor give them full rein to play frivolously and disturb the worshipers. Allaah (Exalted be He) is the Only One from whom we should seek help… read more here.

Women going out for ‘Eed prayers

Question 2: Your Eminence, I am the Imam of Al-Masjid Al-Jaami` (the large mosque where Jumu`ah [Friday] Prayers are held) in Al-Far`, a village in the province of Al-`Ayslocated in Yanbu`. People in our neighborhood do not allow women and children to attend Salaat-ul-`Eed (the Festival Prayer). I drew their attention two days in advance before the last `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) that this contradicts the Sunnah and that they should follow the Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and bring women and children to the Musalla (a place for Prayer). I only intended to revive this deserted Sunnah. I started with my family, my wife and children, but unfortunately no other women attended the Salaah. People even criticized me for bringing my children and wife to the `Eed Prayer; some complained to an officer in the Ministry of Endowments in Yanbu` Al Bahr who asked me not to repeat this act again as they claim it distracts those offering Salaah. I would like that your Eminence issue a Fatwaa explaining the ruling regarding this matter and to warn from even more grievous habits such as,women going out and shaking hands with non-Mahram males (not a spouse or an unmarriageable relative), kissing their heads, etc, despite I have been warning them against these habits in Friday Khutbahs (sermons) on every occasion. I would like, your Eminence, that the Fatwa be read to them on Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer before the `Eed. May Allaah reward you and all Muslims!

Answer: Firstly, it is an act of Sunnah that women go out to Salaat-ul-`Eed. It is recorded in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and others on the authority of Umm `Atiyyah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she said: “We are ordered” and in another narration: The Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded us to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the place of Prayer. In another narration: We were ordered to go out (for `Eed) and also to take along with us adolescent girls and virgins staying in seclusion. It was mentioned in the narration of Al-Tirmidee: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to allow the adolescent girls, and virgins staying in seclusion to go out for the two `Eeds. As for the menstruating women, they should keep away from the place of Prayer but they could present themselves at the religious gathering and invocation of Muslims. Upon this one of them (women) said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Is there any harm for a woman to stay at home if she does not have a garment?’ He (peace be upon him) said: ‘Her sister (in Islaam) should lend her a garment.’ In the narration of Al-Nasaa’ee:  Hafsah bint Sireen said that Umm `Atiyyah never mentioned the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) without saying, “May my father be sacrificed for him.” I asked her, “Did you hear the Prophet (peace be upon him) say such and such?” She replied, “Yes, may my father be sacrificed for him, I heard him saying that we should bring out the young girls and those who were secluded, or the young girls who were secluded, and the menstruating women, so that they could witness the blessings of `Eed and see the gathering of the believers, but those who were menstruating were to keep away from the Prayer-place itself.” Therefore, it becomes clear that is a stressed act of Sunnah to let women go out to Salaat-ul-`Eed provided that they go out modestly dressed (in accordance with the Islaamic code of woman’s dress) and do not reveal their attractions, as is known from other evidence… read more here.

Are the two ‘Eed Prayers Fard (obligatory) or Mustahab (encouraged)?

Question 1: Are the two `Eed Prayers obligatory or Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet)? What is the punishment for abandoning them?

Answer: The Two `Eed Prayers, meaning, `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) and `Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) are collective obligations. However, according to some scholars they are individual obligations just like Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer that a believer should not abandon… read more here.