Does the word ‘Asbaat’ (Descendants of Jacob) mentioned in the Qur’aan include Prophet Yoosuf’s brothers’ who threw him into the bottom of a well?

Question: Does the word Asbaat (Descendants of Jacob) mentioned in the Qur’aan include Prophet Yoosuf’s (Joseph) brothers who threw him into the bottom of a well? If they were Prophets, how could their course of action with Yoosuf be justified? Or did they plot against him before they were chosen for prophethood?

Answer: Yoosuf (peace of Allaah be upon him) and his brothers are the sons of Ya`qoob (Jacob) – also known as Israel – (peace of Allaah be upon him). In the Qur’aan, the word “Al-Asbaat” refers to the grandchildren of Ya`qoob and his twelve sons, only of whom Yoosuf (peace be upon him) was a Prophet… read more here.

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The grave of Ismaa`eel (peace of Allaah be upon him)

Question: It is mentioned in the books of the biographies of the Prophet that Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) (peace of Allaah be upon him) was buried in Al-Haatim in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. If the grave is in Al-Haatim, how is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) there?

Answer: The claim that Ismaa`eel (peace of Allaah be upon him) was buried in Al-Haatim is incorrect and totally unreliable… read more here.

The name of Ibraaheem’s father

Question: Was the father of Ibraaheem (Abraham) Al-Khaleel (The Close Servant) (peace be upon him) called Aazar or Aazar? Is it derived, as some people claim, from a past tense verb meaning “committed a sin” – that is to say, disobeying Ibraaheem (Abraham) Al-Khaleel, or from the noun “wizr” (sin)? Which of them is correct?

Answer: Aazar is a Persian name of the father of Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) according to the most authentic scholars’ opinions. Linguistically, “Aazar” is an Apposition to the word “father” or an Explanatory Apposition, not a past tense verb derived from “wizr” (sin), for the past tense of “wizr” is “wazara”, a triliteral verb meaning “to commit (a sin); to bear.”… read more here.

Ibraaheem’s rescue from his enemies

Question: I would like to benefit from the knowledge of Your Eminence to clear my heart, Allaah (Exalted and Glorified be He) says: So ask the people of the Scripture, if you do not know. Allaah (Exalted be He), is the Protector of the Truth and Rightness, and to Him is the resort and return. After I studied various branches of Islamic religion, such as sciences of Hadeeth and Qur’aan, I became certain that the person who threw Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham) (peace be upon him and our prophet) in fire was not Al-Namrood who – as known and mentioned in exegesis and history books of Islaamic scholars – reigned the earth at the time.

Rather, he was thrown in by his own people, because whenever the incident is mentioned in the Great Qur’aan to which Falsehood cannot come from before or behind, there is a declaration that this incident took place with his people and father, as they were idol worshipers. Ibraaheem (peace be upon him and our Prophet) kept preventing them to do so till he broke their idols into pieces. Consequently, they punished him by throwing him into the fire.

Allaah (Exalted be He) says: They said: “Build for him a building (it is said that the building was like a furnace) and throw him into the blazing fire!” in addition to other Aayaat. The people who approved and implemented this punishment after discussing it with him were his people according to the context, in addition to the fact that the reference of pronouns to them declares that this incident took place with his people not with Al-Namrood. It is right that the incident stated in Allaah’s saying (Exalted be He): Have you not looked at him who disputed with Ibraaheem (Abraham)indicates its occurrence with Al-Namrood not with Ibraaheem’s people, even though it is historically known that Al-Namrood was not from the people of Ibraaheem (peace be upon him). In light of the unquestionable Qur’aanic context, as well as books of history, exegesis and weak Ahaadeeth, I have become worried and confused. I have checked books of exegesis, but never found a solution to this dilemma.

Therefore, I hope that Your Eminence will relieve my worries by answering this question according to authentic Ahaadeeth and opinions of great scholars in this regard. Appreciate your guidance, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) cites in Soorah Al-Baqarah the story of the man who disputed with Ibraaheem about his Lord (Allaah), and concludes it with Ibraaheem’s triumph over him and refutation of his suspicious argument. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: So the disbeliever was utterly defeated. And Allaah guides not the people, who are Thaalimoon (wrong-doers.). However, Allaah (Glorified be He) does not mention that Ibrahim was hurt or warned of any harm by the man in this story… read more here.

Is Aadam a prophet or a messenger?

Question: Is it from the articles of faith to believe that Aadam was the first prophet as was pointed out by Allaah’s saying in the Qur’aan: Then Aadam received from his Lord Words. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). ? What are the clear proofs of the prophethood of Aadam?

Answer: The first messenger to be sent was Nooh (Noah) as was mentioned in the Hadeeth of the intercession reported in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Was there any messenger before Nooh?

Question: Allaah sent 313 messengers; the first of them was Nooh (Noah) and the last was Muhammad. Was there a messenger sent before Nooh?

Answer: Prophet Nooh was the first messenger sent to the people on earth after Aadam. This is based on the long Hadeeth of intercession narrated in the Two Ahaadeeth. The believers went to Nooh and said to him: You are the first Messenger that Allaah has sent on earth, so can you intercede for us…… read more here.

Can people other than prophets and messengers receive revelation?

Question: Did Allaah reveal anything to any of His creatures other than His Prophets?

Answer:We do not know that Allah revealed legislation to any one other than His prophets and messengers (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them). But as to inspiration, Allaah inspired Umm Moosaa and the bees. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

The meaning of evil in the Aayah: “Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for…”

Question: A debate took place between me and a Christian man. He surprised me by saying that there is an Aayah in the Qur’aan in which Allaah says, Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for bad statements (or bad men for bad women). Good statements are for good people (or good women for good men) and good people for good statements (or good men for good women) and another Aayah in which Allaah says, O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true and, O Nooh (Noah)! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous Allaah says in another Aayah, Allaah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve: the wife of Nooh (Noah) and the wife of Loot (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed them (their husbands by rejecting their doctrine). So they [Nooh (Noah) and Loot (Lot) عليهما السلام] availed them (their respective wives) not against Allaah and it was said: “Enter the Fire along with those who enter!” And Allaah has set forth an example for those who believe: the wife of Fir‘awn (Pharaoh), when she said: “My Lord! Build for me a home with You in Paradise” as he claims, there is contradiction between these Ayahs. How can Allaah (Exalted be He) say, Good statements are for good people (or good women for good men) although the wives of the prophets of Allaah, Nooh and Loot were evil, and on the other hand, the wife of Fir`awn was a good woman? As I do not have a convincing answer, please advise me about this. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer:First, Allaah (Exalted be He) says, Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for bad statements (or bad men for bad women). Good statements are for good people (or good women for good men) and good people for good statements (or good men for good women): such (good people) are innocent of (every) bad statement which they say; for them is Forgiveness, and Rizqun Kareem (generous provision i.e. Paradise). This aayah comes after the Aayaat which were revealed on the occasion of slander to confirm the innocence of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) of the guilt that she was falsely charged with by `Abdullaah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, the chief of hypocrites, and in order to show her inherent chastity which was intensified by her relation to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Acting the Sahaabah and the Tabi`oon

Question: What is the ruling on taking on acting roles as prophets (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them), the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), and the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet)?

Answer: First, what is customary in plays is considered as amusement and an embellishment of speech and actions to attract the attention and hearts of the audience and to overpower their feelings. While doing this the actors twist words of those they are portraying, misrepresent them, or make additions to them… read more here.

Is it permissible to act prophets and messengers?

Question: Dear brother, Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn Baaz I am a director and scenarist. I recently thought of producing a new movie entitled (A Man from Babel) about the life story of Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham, peace be upon him). After reading the book written by Tunisian writers and other nationals, I wrote the scenario and the script for the movie. Then I heard in the Saudi Educational Centre in Tunisia that the Deputy Minister of Information is visiting Tunisia to attend a meeting held by the Arab Broadcasting Corporation, so I welcomed him.

Answer:  It is not permissible to act the messengers and the prophets, which will be necessary to film their stories. Therefore, it is not permissible to do so, because of the evil consequences it produces… read more here.

Raising of the bodies of the prophets and messengers to the heavens or their annihilation

Question: It is well known that all the prophets have died. However, during the journey of Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven), the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw a prophet in each heaven and led them in Salaah (Prayer). Does this imply that Awliyaa’ (pious people) are also raised to heaven? A few days ago, I read in a book, the title of which I forget, that the bodies of messengers are still intact and do not decay after death. I mean that these bodies are not eaten by worms as is the case with other bodies. What is your opinion?

Answer:  Regardless of being a Walee or not, if a person dies, the body does not ascend to heaven, but is kept on Earth. However, the soul is raised to heaven if it was that of a believer. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Number of prophets and messengers

Question: How many Prophets and Messengers (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them) were there?

Answer:  No one knows their number except Allaah, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And, indeed We have sent Messengers before you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): of some of them We have related to you their story. And of some We have not related to you their story Those who are known are those who are mentioned in the Qur’aan or authentically reported in the Sunnah… read more here.

The prophets and messengers’ mistakes

Question: Some people, including heretics, claim that the prophets and messengers might have made mistakes like all humans, they are liable to err e.g. Cain, the son of Aadam, murdered his brother Abel, when the two angels came to David (Daawood), he listened to the first and did not listen to what the second had to say, the story of Yoonus (John) when the whale swallowed him, and the story of the Messenger with Zayd ibn Haarithah. They say that he concealed something which he should have declared openly. Similarly, he once said to some of his companions, “You know better about your worldly affairs,” after giving advice that proved harmful, thus he made a mistake in this regard. His account with the blind man as referred to in the Aayah: (The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم) frowned and turned away. Because there came to him the blind man (i.e. ‘Abdullaah bin Umm-Maktoom, who came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم while he was preaching to one or some of the Quraysh chiefs). Did the prophets and messengers really make mistakes? How can we respond to the sinners who say these things?

Answer:  Yes, the prophets and messengers might have made some mistakes, but Allaah did not approve of their mistakes. Rather, He pointed out their mistakes as Mercy to them and their nations, forgave their mistakes, and accepted their repentance as Grace and Mercy, for Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful… read more here.

Making distinctions between the prophets and deeming one of them to be superior to others

Question: I would like to inquire about making distinctions between the messengers of Allaah and who has the highest position (in the sight of Allaah)?

Answer:  We should believe in the mission of any messenger that has been authentically reported in the Qur’aan or Sunnah to have had a mission. Whoever believes in some of them and disbelieves in others is considered a Kaafir (disbeliever), for Allaah’s Saying (Exalted be He)… read more here.

The prophet sent before Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)

Question: Who was the prophet and messenger sent before the Last Messenger; our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?

Answer:  He was Jesus (`Eesaa), the son of Maryam (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

The wisdom behind sending messengers over sporadic periods

Question: What is the wisdom behind sending the prophets and messengers over sporadic periods of time? Why were they not sent in the same time period?

Answer:  Allaah (Exalted be He) is All-Wise, thus He sent His prophets and messengers over periods of time. He chose them and sent them whenever people were in need of them to guide whoever had gone astray and save them from Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and mischief spreading among them… read more here.

People’s need for Allaah’s Messengers

Question: In light of being honored with faculties of reason and natural disposition, do humans stand in need of Prophets? If ‘yes’, why are the prophets human beings?

Answer:  Indeed, humankind are in dire need for the messengers, as human beings minds differ greatly in reason. Moreover, they are unable to recognize – independently – the words and deeds that please or displease Allaah (Glorified be He). It was for this reason that Allaah sent forth His Messengers starting with Nooh (Noah) (peace be upon him) up to Muhammad, the seal of Prophets… read more here.