Ruling on sitting with Sufi orders making Thikr while swaying

Question: Praise be to Allaah, I like to follow the example of the Messenger (peace be upon him) and the Salaf (the pious predecessors). I attended some Sufi sessions just to know what is happening there and I was astonished by the movements and the dances which are not in conformity with human reverence, shyness and dignity, to say the least. They interpret static things and focus their worship around torturing themselves by several means. Most of their worship depends on Thikr.

They frequently mention the names of the pious people and believe in them more than they believe in Allaah and His Messenger. They have some views, most of which attack the pious Salaf who adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

However, they have some views which are in conformity with the Sunnah as understood by the Salaf. I sat with them more than once trying to figure out the secrets of this world. Most of the people are of the first social class; professors, doctors, engineers, employees, ordinary people and a lot of youth.

Am I committing a sin by sitting with them despite what I have mentioned? I wish you could clarify the matter of Sufi Orders and their dogmas, specially now that they’ve became organized in bodies and organizations recognized by the state.

Answer: It is well known about all Sufi orders and sects that they mention Allaah through Bid`ah (innovation in religion). They mention, dance, sway and totter right and left, up and down. They call Allaah during their Thikr with names unlike the names He set for Himself or set by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) such as “Hee, Hee, Hee”, “Ah, Ah” or mention Him by name such as “Allaah, Allaah, Allaah, Allaah”. They call Him by “Mentioning by the heart” Naqshabandi Order does… read more here.

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Ruling on offering salaah in a Masjid that has a Sufi Tariqah

Question: In the suburb where I live there is a Masjid (mosque) with a Zawiyah (corner, prayer room) reserved to a Tareeqah (Sufi order). Is it permissible to pray in it?

Answer: Do not pray with these Sufis in their Zawiyah, and beware of keeping company with them and mixing with them, lest you should be influenced by their acts… read more here.

Ruling on the so-called “Hizb Al-Amaan”, “Salaah Al-Nuqtah” and “Al-Salaah Al-Lahutiyyah”

Question: What is your opinion concerning these things written in the attached paper: “Hizb Al-Amaan”, “Raqam 2”, “Salaah Al-Nuqtah” and “Salaah Al-Lahutiyyah”?

Answer: What has been mentioned in the attached paper with your question; Hizb Al-Amaan, Salaah Al-Nuqtah, and the Salaah Al-Lahutiyyah etc. Are kinds of Sufi Bid`ah (innovations in religion) and doing them is not permissible… read more here.

Ruling on some Sufi orders such as Izaalaat Al-Bida` and Al-Qaadiriyyah

Question: A questioner states that there are three religious groups in his country, namely:

(1) The Group of Izaalaat Al-Bida` wa Iqaamat Al-Sunnah (Bid`ah Elimination and Sunnah Establishment),

(2) Sufi orders, and

(3) Al-Qadiriyyah (Sufi order).

He asks that you shed light on these three groups and clarify their position with respect to the Noble Qur’an and the honorable Sunnah of the Prophet.

Answer: First, whoever calls to (adherence to) Allaah’s Book (Exalted be He) and to what is authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), acts accordingly, denies whatsoever opposes them, tries to remove innovated acts of Bid`ah, cooperates with and befriends the people of Sunnah, refutes the people of Bid`ah, and rejects their innovations in Islaam with sure knowledge and upon clear proof, will be of Ahl Al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community)… read more here.

The Bid`ah related to Sufi Thikr said in one voice while swaying

Question: Is the way of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) prevailing now among the people of the Sufi orders right or wrong? Is it reported in the Sunnah? Supposing that it is reported in the Sunnah, what is the supporting evidence, because it is the cause of many conflicts among people?

Answer: Making Thikr by the Sufis in one voice while swaying is an act of Bid`ah. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on delaying slaughtering the sacrificial animals three days after the `Eed

Question: I live near the Egyptian-Sudanese borders. There are many Sufi orders that have gone astray and led people astray there. Some people delay slaughtering their sacrificial animals three days after `Eid-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice), so the Sufi people may eat from them when they come to perform their empty rituals. People think by doing so they are doing something religious. Is their sacrifice valid? Or is it mere meat as stated in the Hadeeth?

Answer: Indeed, you told the truth about the deviation and innovations of the Sufi orders… read more here.

The Bid`ah of chanting Thikr in various ways after Salaah

Question: I came from North Africa to work here in the KSA. I ask Your Eminence to enlighten me. I am a Sufi; one of my shaykhs has ordered me to glorify Allaah after Subh and Maghrib prayers. The group of this shaykh form circles of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) that begin after `Ishaa’ prayer.

In such circles they do the following: they start saying Allaah’s greatest Name, i.e. Allaah, prolonging and accenting it along with some other utterances of Thikr. Afterwards, we stand up on the rooftop and chant the word “Allaah” till its letters fade away to merely become “Ah Ah”. I, like some friends of mine, became charmed with it. People used to call us the Kittah party.

Kindly, guide me, is Thikr in such a manner correct that I may go on doing it or I had better abandon it? People claim that there is no mention of this Kittah in the Qur’aan or Sunnah.

Answer: It is impermissible to follow the way of the Shaykh you mentioned above or to glorify Allaah in such a manner, for this is one of the Bid‘ah (innovations) introduced into the religion… read more here.

Invoking Allaah in the single pronoun formula – “Yaa Hoo”

Question: Is it permissible to invoke Allaah saying “Yaa Hoo” i.e. referring to Allaah with He meaning: “He is Allaah”?

Answer: Single pronouns refer to the speaker, the addressee or the absent. They are not names of Allaah in the lingual or the Shar`ee meaning because He does not name Himself by it. So, invoking Him with them is nomination, calling and mentioning Him with anything other than His names which is not permissible… read more here.

The Bid`ah of holding banquets on birthdays celebrating the Prophet and righteous people

Question: In Tanzania we hold a banquet in a special location in our town where we gather and say: “This banquet is offered by the founder of Qaadiriyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order).”

Is this act regarded as Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or does it comply with the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him)? We do not visit the Masaajid (mosques), unless we make this banquet and recite the birth narrative of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Is there anything wrong with these practices?

Answer: No banquets were held for honoring any of the late righteous men during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), or the Salaf (righteous predecessors… read more here.

Ruling on following some Sufi Tariqahs such as Al-Shaadhiliyyah

Question: Is there any harm if a Muslim follows the Tareeqah (Sufi order) ascribed to shaykh `Abd Al-Qaadir or Aboo Al-Hasan Al-Shaadhlee? Is it a Sunnah (a commendable act) or a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: It is narrated by ‘Aboo Daawood and other Compilers of the Sunan on the authority of Al-`Irbaad Ibn Saariyah who said… read more here.

Invalidity of the permission granted by a shaykh to his follower and claiming so

Question: Some Sufis say that the permission granted by one of their shuyookh to his disciple is done by saying: “O Follower, I permit you to recite in His remembrance ‘Laa Ilaaha Illaa Allaah’ (There is no deity except Allaah) 140 times reported through chains of transmission to the Prophet (peace be upon him), then to Jibreel (Gabriel) and then to Allaah (Exalted be He)”.

Is this saying valid or not? Is this permission authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) or is it an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Remembrance of Allaah (Praised be He) is to recite His Book and authentic remembrance formulas reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him); whether by Tasbeeh (Saying Subhaan Allah [Glory is due to Allaah]), Tahmeed (saying Al-Hamdullilaah [Praise is due to Allaah]), Takbeer (Saying Allaah Akbar [Allaah is Most Great]) or Tahleel (Saying La Ilaaha Illaa Allaah [There is no deity except Allaah]), as has been ordained by Allaah and recommended by His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Falsity of claiming that Thikr is better than the obligatory Salaah and refuting it

Question: Some Sufis say that Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) is better than the obligatory Salaah. Allah says: …and the remembering (praising) of (you by) Allaah (in front of the angels) is greater Is Thikr of Allaah better than Salaah as they say?

Answer: Allaah orders us to offer Thikr. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: O you who believe! Remember Allaah with much remembrance. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers]. He (Exalted be He) points out that hearts receive tranquility and rest by remembering Him… read more here.

Is the dead body of a Walee (pious person) raised to heaven after his death?

Question: It is said that when a Walee (pious person) dies and is buried in a grave, the angels come to take his body out and raise it to heaven. Is this statement true?

Answer: No, it is not true. Rather, the soul is raised to heaven and its doors will be opened if the soul belongs to a believer… read more here.

Ruling on following Sufi Tariqahs spreading in our times

Question: What is the opinion of your Eminence on the current widespread Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) like Al-Naqshabandiyyah, Al-Qaadiriyyah. In our land in the Far Maghrib, Sufi orders like Al-Jilaniyyah Al-Tijaniyyah, Al-Harqawiyyah, Al-Wazzaniyyah, Al-Dilaaniyyah, Al-Nasiriyyah, Al-`Alawiyyah, Al-Kattaniyyah, and many others exist. They recite almost the same Wird (practice of repeating the Name of Allaah, and a set of invocations assigned to the Mureed by his shaykh or deputy as a liturgy of communion).

In the morning and evening Wird, they recite prayers of forgiveness a hundred times and invoke Allah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet a hundred times using any formula of Thikr. They also recite ‘laa Ilaaha Illaa Alalah’ (there is no god in truth but Allaah) a hundred times. They perform Salaah (Prayer) on time as it is an essential requirement for reception of Wird. Some Scholars of Al-Ikhwaan Al-Muslimoon (the Muslim Brotherhood) say: “Any one who follows any of the Sufi orders is a Mubtadi’ (one who introduces a rejected innovation in religion) and a Mushrik (polytheist) as no Sufi orders existed during the time of the Prophet and his Sahaabah (Companions).

Please, give an elaborate answer on this issue, for ascribing people to polytheism is seriously dangerous; polytheists are denied Paradise and consigned to hell-fire.

Answer: The Shuyookh of Sufi Tareeqahs (orders) are well-known for their ascetic practices and devoutness. However, superstitions and Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) creep into their rituals and ceremonial practices like the Bid`ah of repeated mentioning of the proper Name of Allaah and His Attributes saying… read more here.

Islaam does not tolerate Sufi Tariqahs

Question: What is the Islaamic viewpoint on the existence of Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) like Al-Shaadhooliyyah and Al-Khalwatiyyah, etc.? If they are tolerated, what is the evidence in support of them? What is the meaning of Allaah’s saying: “And verily, this (i.e. Allaah’s Commandments mentioned in the above two Verses 151 and 152) is My Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious – see V.2:2).” ?

Also, what is the interpretation of His Saying: And upon Allaah is the responsibility to explain the Straight Path. But there are ways that turn aside (such as Paganism, Judaism and Christianity). And had He willed, He would have guided you all (mankind). What are the ways that turn aside?

What is the Straight Path of Allaah? What is the interpretation of the Saying of the Messenger (peace be upon him) in the Hadeeth narrated by Ibn Mas`ood: He (peace be upon him) drew a line and said: This is the way of guidance. Then, he (peace be upon him) drew other lines; on the right and the left and said: These are ways on each one of them there is a devil who calls to it. ?

Answer: The Tareeqah (Sufi orders) you mentioned are not recognized in Islaam nor are the likes of it. The only recognized way in Islaam is that mentioned in the two Aayaat (Qur’aanic Verses) and in the Hadeeth you mentioned. These orders find some repulsive implication in the Saying of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Religion of Sufism: Pledges, Calling onto Husayn, Zaynab, Badawee, Awliyaa, the Messenger of Allaah

Question: The shaykhs of Sufi Tariqahs (orders) are found in some countries; they give pledges to their disciples, and those who take the pledge should never break it. They decide on nights for congregational Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) with specific names, such as: Allaah, Hayy (Ever-Living), Qayyoom (the One who sustains and protects everything), or Ah in the form of circles or lines, standing or sitting.

They sway to the right and left, and a group of them chant praising the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the rest of the prophets and righteous people, usually accompanied with drums, tambourines and Mizmaar. Some of the attendees pay money known as Nuqtah. Sometimes, there are no tambourines, Mazaamir or Nuqtah.

The chanters say, “O, Sayyidunaa Al-Husayn! Help us!

O, Sayyidah Zaynab! Help us!

O, Badawee! Help us!

O, my grandfather, the Messenger of Allaah! Help us!

O, Awliyaa’ (pious people) of Allaah! Help us!”

Some people make a vow to sacrifice a sheep, pay money and so on to Badawee, Al-Husayn, Lady Zaynab or others. A ram might be slaughtered by the shrine of the shaykh whom the vow is made to and the money put in the box at the shrine.

Are such deeds permissible or prohibited? Please advise, may Allaah reward you of the best.

Answer: First, the Muslim men and women used to pledge allegiance to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on accepting Islaam, whether `Aqeedah (Islaamic Creed), sayings or deeds. Allaah (Exalted be He) ordered them to obey him in everything he tells them of Qur’aan and Ahaadeeth authentically reported to him… read more here.

Sufis claiming to see the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while awake

Question: Is it true that a person can see the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while they are awake as claimed by the Sufis?

Answer: Though the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is dead, he is alive in his grave in the sense of the Barzakh life (period between death and the Resurrection). This life is known to none but Allaah alone… read more here.

Sufis claim that, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) knew the Qur’aan before it was revealed

Question: Did the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) know the Qur’aan before it was revealed upon him as alleged by Sufis?

Answer: The Qur’aan is the word of Allaah with its letters and meanings. The first thing revealed from the Qur’aan upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was ” Iqra’ ” (read). The Qur’aan was revealed in portions for about twenty three years… read more here.

What is the ruling on the dancing, singing, and swaying of Sufis during Thikr?

Question: What is the ruling on the dancing, singing, and swaying of Sufis during what they call circles of Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah)?

Answer: The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The most evil of things are those which have been newly invented in religion… read more here.

Can an ordinary person receive revelation directly from Allaah?

Question: Can a person reach the degree of receiving revelation directly from Allaah while they are neither a prophet nor a messenger?

Answer: No human can receive revelation directly from Allaah whether news or legislation except the prophets and messengers (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them), else it will be a true vision which is only seen by a pious person or someone sees it about another during sleep… read more here.

Sufi saying: “So-and-so is the owner of time and can dispose of people’s affairs”

Question: What is the meaning of this saying said by Sufis: “So-and-so is the owner of time and one of those who disposes of people’s affairs”? What is the ruling on a person who believes in this saying? Is it permissible to perform Salaah as a Ma’moom (a person being led by an Imaam in Prayer) behind this person who holds these views?

Answer: So-and-so is the owner of the time… etc. Means, there is a person who disposes the affairs of mankind by driving away their hardships, rescuing them from distress and bringing them what they want of benefits… read more here.

Are the Sufi orders such as Al-Shadhooliyyah and Al-Rifaa`iyyah following the right way?

Question: Are the Sufi orders such as Al-Shadhooliyyah and Al-Rifaa`iyyah following the right way, or are they people of division and misguidance? Is it permissible to join any of these orders?

Answer: All the orders of Sufism (rejected innovations in religion) mostly involve Bid`ah and deviate from the Sharee`ah… read more here.

What is the religious opinion on the prevailing Sufism of today?

Question: What is the religious opinion on the prevailing Sufism of today?

Answer: First, it is wrong to say: the religious opinion on…? What should be said is: What is the Islaamic ruling on…?

Second: Usually those who are called Sufis nowadays commit acts of Bid`ah (rejected innovation in religion) that leads to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) as well as other kinds of Bid`ah… read more here.

What is the ruling of Islaam on the Sufi orders that exist today?

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on the Sufi orders that exist today?

Answer: Working according to Bid`ah (innovations in religion) prevails in most of the Sufi orders… read more here.

Litanies and Sufi innovations

Question: What is the ruling on the Sufi orders and the litanies they recite before the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and after the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer?

What is the ruling on one who claims to have watched and greeted the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saying: Peace be upon you! O light of eyes and relief of souls?

Answer: The Sufi orders and the litanies are considered acts of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) like the famous religious orders of Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Kattaniyyah. Only litanies that conform with the Qur’aan and authentic Sunnah of the Prophet are allowed to be recited… read more here.

Sufism and the Islaamic attitude towards it

Question: The Problem of Sufism: What does it mean and what is the attitude of Islaam toward it? I mean Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah (a deviant sect that claims Allaah has no power over His Creation and humans are independent of Him), as well as the Shee`ah. These sects are centralized in Nigeria. For example, the Al-Teejaniyyah Sufi order has a sort of Salaah (prayer) called Bakriyyah that starts with: “O Allaah, convey Your blessings on our master Muhammad, the Opener of what is closed… As much as his great rank and high esteem.” This invocation is superior to Al-Salaah Al-Ibraheemiyyah (The invocation pronounced in the second part of Tashah-hud). We have read this (invocation) in their book titled “Jawaahir Al-Ma`aanee” (The Jewels of Meanings) Part 1, page 136. Is this correct?

Answer: It is said that Sufism is ascribed to Ahl Al-Suffah (at the time of the Prophet) who was a poor group of Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) that used to take shelter in Al-Suffah (a section inside the Prophet’s Masjid during the Prophet’s time)… read more here.

What is the reality of Sufism, and ruling upon the dome on the grave of the Prophet is no pretext

Question: What is the reality of Sufism? Does it comprise both good and bad aspects? Is Sufism completely independent from Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence)?

I hope Your Eminence will discuss the Sufi concept of “Al-Hadrah Al-Nabawiyyah” (seeking the presence of the Prophet). Is it a proper practice?

We have in Sudan some Sufi men who take the dome built on the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as evidence for the permissibility of building domes on graves. What is the Islaamic ruling on this?

What is the reality of the Sufi concepts of Ghawth (spiritual helper), Qutb (spiritual pole) and Rijaal Al-Kawn (Men of the Universe)?

Answer: First, you may consult the books “Madaarij As-Salikeen” by Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah, and the book “Haathihee Hiya Al-Soofiyyah” (Such is Sufism) by `Abd Ar-Rahmaan Al-Wakeel for information on Sufi-related inquiries… read more here.