Addressing, attributing and giving thanks to “Nature” as a metaphor for Allaah

Question: A bottled water company wrote a strange sentence on a roadside advertising billboard. It says: “There are still some gifts granted by nature in our world,” and beside it is a picture of flowing water from somewhere. I told them that this is not permissible according to the Sharee`ah (Islaamic Law), because it is Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) Who gives us the gift of water, and not nature as the communists say – may Allaah destroy them. And what is this nature that they claim has the ability to give water or prevent it? However, they argued that the words are metaphoric, in the same way as you would say: “The prince built the city.” So what is ruling on this sentence?

Please, explain this to us, as people see this by day and night, and some of them might think that there is nothing wrong with it, and this may be dangerous for their `Aqeedah (creed). May Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) help Muslims understand their religion well, and have a correct `Aqeedah in which there is no doubt.

Answer: It is not permissible to say this sentence: “There are still some natural gifts in our world,” or to write it, even if it is claimed to be metaphorical, because it causes confusion… read more here.

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Please advise me about a statement in the book “Al-Tawheed” by Muhammad Qutb

Question: I am a teacher at a night secondary school. When I read: “Al-Tawheed (Monotheism),” there was a phrase that I was uncertain about and have no knowledge. Would you please tell me how accurate it is and whether it is suitable for the status of Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds? It is mentioned in “Al-Tawheed” by Muhammad Qutb, a book we study in the second grade of the secondary school, p. 23, line 17: “When the Messenger is sent by Allaah, he says, ‘O people! Worship Allah as you have no other deity but Him.’ This is what was said by all Allaah’s Messengers to their people. The Messenger is calling to return the usurped authority to Allaah, the True Owner, the Only Lawgiver for the people, Who determines the lawful and the prohibited, the permissible and the impermissible.” In the third grade book written by the same author, p. 82 in the last three lines, he mentions the meaning of La ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah) saying: “Returning the usurped authority, by which people subjugate others, to Allaah (Praised and Exalted be He), the Lord of all.” He was then silent and did not describe it by its permissibility or lack of it. Please, advise me.

Answer: We cannot see any harm in what you have mentioned regarding the meaning, but the style is not respectful to Allaah, because no one is able to overwhelm Him (Glorified be He) to take His Right. He is the Subduer over His Servants… read more here.

Most Sinful: The eye or the mouth?

Question: What is the most sinful; the eye or the mouth?

Answer: The sins committed by people’s mouths may be more grievous than the sins committed by their eyes. A person may commit Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), which is the ever grievous sin whereby Allaah is disobeyed, with the person’s tongue… read more here.

Ruling on saying: “Allaah knows” or “Allaah forbid” or “Allaah knows that…”

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling in your opinion on saying these phrases: “Allaah knows that…,” “Allaah forbid!” “Allaah’s Will,” and “Allaah and His Messenger know the best”?

Answer: There is no harm in saying “Allaah knows that…” if the person is saying the truth… read more here.

Calling a deceased “Al-Marhoom” and “Al-Maghfoor Lahoo” or “inhabitant of the Jannah”

Question: I often hear people say some words about which I would like to know the Islaamic viewpoint. For example, when a person dies some people call him “Al-Marhoom” (The person upon whom Allaah’s mercy is bestowed). And if the person is of a high rank, they say, “Al-Maghfoor Lahoo (The Forgiven) such and such.” Have they looked into Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooth (The Preserved Tablet) to know that someone is forgiven or has been granted Allaah’s Mercy? This is why I am inquiring about this issue. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated in His Glorious Book: (And remember) when Allaah took a covenant from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) to make it (the news of the coming of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and the religious knowledge) known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it I would appreciate your guidance in this matter.

Answer: Confirming Allaah’s Mercy or Forgiveness (Glorified be He) for a deceased person is of the Ghayb (unseen) affairs which no one knows except Allaah (Exalted be He), and those informed by Allaah from amongst His angels, messengers, or prophets. Thus, it is impermissible for anyone other than those previously mentioned to declare that Allaah has bestowed forgiveness or mercy upon a deceased person unless there is a clear text from the infallible one (Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him)… read more here.

Addressing someone as: “O Sayyid”

Question: Is it permissible to say to a police or armed forces officer: “Yes, Sayyid (master)!”?

Answer: It is permissible to say the “Yes,” but it is not permissible to say the “Sayyid.” When some of Sahaabah (Companions) said to the Prophet (peace be upon him), “You are our Master,” he (peace be upon him) said, “The Master is Allaah, the Blessed and Exalted.”… read more here.

Saying: “There is one death, but it has several causes”

Question: Is it permissible to say: “There is one death, but it has several causes”?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to say this expression and there is no harm in it, In Shaa’ Allah (if Allaah wills)… read more here.

Concluding letters with: “May you last forever”

Question: What is the ruling on concluding letters and petitions with the phrase “May you last forever”?

Answer: It is a reprehensible act, for immortality belongs to Allaah (Praised be He) alone and creatures do not live forever… read more here.

The use of the phrase: “Islaamic Customs and Traditions”

Question: Some phrases are used in Muslim societies to distinguish these societies’ way of life as following the Islaamic teachings. For example, it is said, ‘In conformity with Islaamic customs and traditions, we adopt so and so.’ Contemporary scholars have different views on the permissibility of using this phrase. Some maintain that it is impermissible to use this phrase because Islaam is different from customs and traditions. They protracted discussions on reasons of prohibition until they claimed that it is an extraneous phrase that found its way into our life at the hands of the enemies of Islaam.

Others argue that there is no harm in using this phrase, for it indicates the Muslim’s submission to the commandments of His Lord (Glorified and Exalted be He) and that of the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) regardless of any other commandments. Indeed, this is the essence of worship according to the scholar’s definition of the traditions in religious books.

Please, present a careful argument of the legal decision in this regard;whether we can use this phrase or not?

Answer: Islaam is different from customs and traditions; it is Allaah’s Revelation to His Messengers and for which Allaah revealed His Divine Books. If Muslims act upon Islaamic teachings, these teachings will be part of their identity. All Muslims know that Islaam is not a system derived from habits and traditions. This knowledge is a must for Muslims to have perfect faith in Allaah, His Messengers and the rest of the basic rules of the Islamic Sharee`ah. But it becomes common on the radio, newspapers, and magazines to use phrases like the one mentioned in the question: (In conformity with Islaamic customs and traditions). Ordinary people use this phrase with good intentions to convey their surrender to the teachings and ruling principles of Islaam… read more here.