Ruling on turning the radio on in the Masjid before the time of Salaah

Question: We live in a small village whose people adhere to the Sunnah from a long time ago. This is from the virtue of Allaah, and then the efforts of our ancestors (may Allaah be merciful with them). I accompanied some of them, and Allaah made them a reason for my guidance. I tried my best, praise be to Allaah, to spread the Sunnah in the country, and work for Da`wah (call to Allaah) to the utmost of my ability. I lead people in Salaah (prayer) since 1977, and after the incidents that have happened in Egypt recently, the ministry of Waqfs (Endowments) sent a Khateeb (preacher) to the Masjid (mosque) of our village. At the beginning, this Khateeb convinced us that he would pursue the same Manhaj (methodology) we adopt, and after he became firmly established in the Masjid, he began propagating the idea of putting a radio in the Masjid for people to listen to the recitation of the Qur’an before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer, as is done in other Masjids in Egypt. Of course, there were many ignorant followers who agreed with him, and they put a radio connected to a loudspeakers before Salah. I personally tried to prevent him from this act.

I even exposed him to the evidences stating the impermissibility of reciting the Qur’aan loudly where people offer their Salaah, and that such a deed is nothing but reviving a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) and nullifying an act of Sunnah. He responded by arguing that if this was prohibited, then why is it widespread in all Masjids of Egypt? The matter has gone so far that they placed the body of a dead person in the bier right in front of the people before Jumu`ah Prayer, and after finishing it, we offered Funeral Prayer for him. I tried to prevent him from doing this before Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer due to the impermissibility of such a deed, but he refused and said that this is the opinion of Imaam Maalik who sees that it as a lesson for the living. I told him that Imam Malik regarded offering Funeral prayer in all Masjids as Makrooh (disliked). However, he remained deaf to my opinion, and was apparently convinced of his own. The path for newly invented Bid`ahs has been paved by the coming of this Khateeb, and there will be more of such Bid`ahs. I am really perplexed and do not know what to do, especially that there are those who want to adhere to the Sunnah, and shun the way to Bid`ah. It should be taken into consideration that this is the only Masjid in the village, and I am thinking of deserting this Masjid, and offering Salaah in one of the Sunni Masjids in Alexandria. However, if I do that, more kinds of Bid`ahs will find their way, and those willing to adhere to the Sunnah will be without help, not to mention their inability to offer Salaah in other Sunni Masjids due to their scarcity in the rural areas and the countryside.

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to put a radio or the like to listen to the recitation of the Qur’aan loudly in the Masjid on Friday before the Imaam ascends the pulpit… read more here.

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Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan and supplicating before the Athaan

Question: At the time of Fajr prayer, Qur’aan, and some supplications are recited and then Athaan (call to Prayer) is pronounced. Is this an act of Sunnah or not? What is the ruling on it?

Answer: Persistence in doing what is mentioned, i.e. Reciting Qur’aan and some supplications before the Athaan of Fajr Prayer is not an act of Sunnah but rather an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’

Question: We have some prevailing customs that after Du`aa’ (supplication), the Imaam recites Soorah Al-Faatihah, and raises his hands with the Ma’moomeen (those being led by an Imaam in Prayer), and one of them recites Al-Fatihah. Upon finishing his recitation, they all say ‘Aameen’ while placing their hands over their faces.

Answer: It is not permissible to recite Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’, because this was neither reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), nor the Rightly-Guided Caliphs… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah after Salaah

Question: Is it an act of Sunnah or is it permissible to recite Soorah Al-Faatihah after performing the obligatory Salaah individually or in congregation? Appreciate your guidance, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is not an act of Sunnah to recite Soorah Al-Faatihah after performing the obligatory Salaah whether individually or in congregation… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah and concluding by reciting, “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power”

Question: We are a group of Muslim immigrants who work in France. We were gathered on Taqwaa (fear/wariness of offending Allaah) and following the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We, by Allaah’s Will, managed to assign a hall to perform the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers. We chose an Imaam, may Allaah help him with this burden.

In addition, we arranged to hold sessions on preaching and guidance from time to time. However, this group has started to gradually break up because each one of us says after Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), “Subhaan Allah [Glory be to Allaah]” thirty-three times, “Al-hamdu lillaah [All praise is due to Allaah]” thirty-three times, and Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]” thirty-three times,” as an implementation of the Prophet’s Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah, The poor people went to the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and said, “The wealthy have obtained the highest ranks and lasting bliss. They perform Salaah (Prayer) as we perform Salaah, and they observe Sawm (Fasting) as we observe Sawm, but they have more wealth with which they perform Hajj and `Umrah, and give Sadaqah (voluntary charity).” He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Shall I tell you something that if you act upon it you will catch up with those who are ahead of you, and you will get ahead of those who are behind you? No one will be better than you, except those who do as you do. Say, “Subhan Allaah (Glory be to Allaah),” “Al-hamdu lillaah (All praise is due to Allaah),” and “Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest)” thirty-three times after every Salaah.” Each one of us says the formula mentioned in the Hadeeth subvocally. After that we recite Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah (the second part of Tashahhud) in congregation and end our gathering by reciting, “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praise and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” Some of the fellow brothers dissociated themselves from this practice. They said that it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), which we will bear its sin and the sin of those who follow us until the Day of Resurrection.

Please give us a Fatwaa regarding this matter. Is the recitation of Al-Faatihah, Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, and the last three Aayaat of Soorah Al-Saaffaat (180-182) in congregation good or is it a Bid`ah? Those fellow men do not perform Salaah with us anymore until we abandon this practice.There should be a Fatwaa to end this disagreement.

In case we are wrong, we will abstain from it and ask Allaah to forgive us but in case we are right, we invoke Allaah to guide those fellow brothers. We hope there will be no cause for disagreements, which destroy and shatter Muslims’ unity.

Answer: It is not permissible to recite Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, and end the gathering with reciting the last three Aayaat of Soorah Al-Saffat because it is Bid`ah. This is not reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Ruling on offering Du`aa’ for the dead before moving the body, after the Funeral Prayer and after burial

Question: Before someone is buried, much attention is paid to washing their body, and before they are taken to the grave, people offer Du`aa’ (supplication) for them. When they reach the grave, people conduct the Funeral Prayer. After this, people offer Du`aa’ again for the dead and then the body is placed into the grave. The earth is heaped on the grave till the body is covered completely, water is splattered on it, a Soorah of the Qur’aan is recited, and people make another Du`aa’ for the third time.

Answer: Offering Du`aa’ for the dead when washing or enshrouding them is permissible, for Du`aa’ benefits the dead… read more here.

Making Thikr by only uttering the Shahaadah

Question: Is it permissible to make Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) by uttering Laa ilaaha illa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah) in addition to Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah? And what is the ruling on making Thikr by these words on a regular basis?

Answer: Bearing witness to the Oneness of Allaah, and to the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is obligatory and without which one cannot be called a Muslim… read more here.

Allocating specific Thikr for a certain day in the name of Salafiyyah

Question: Some brothers in Pakistan claim that they are Salafee Muslims (those acting upon the views of Salaf [righteous predecessors]) but they always hold sessions for Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah) on Thursdays after the `Asr (afternoon) Prayers. They think the time after `Asr Prayer is a suitable time, if not the most suitable time, for Thikr. As to the manner in which they perform Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah), it is as follows: One of them sits in front of the group and starts saying “Allaah” in a loud voice.

Other people repeat after him in a lower voice. Then he says, “Subhaan Allaah” (Glory be to Allaah) or “Al-Hamdu-lillaah” (Praise be to Allaah), and so on, and they repeat after him. These brothers think that in this way they are purifying their souls. They quote some of the Ahaadeeth that encourage holding sessions of Thikr to justify this practice. What is the ruling on them?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, these people are not Salafees’. Their practice does not belong to Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) either. In fact they are committing Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on making Thikr loudly while swaying

Question: What is the ruling on those who make Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in unison and raise their voices while jumping and swaying from side to side?

Answer: It is not permissible to do this, for this way is Bid`ah (innovation in religion). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on saying Thikr collectively between Taraaweeh prayers

Question: In Ramadan We find people in some Masjids (mosques) who invoke Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet, the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, the Mothers of the Believers, and the Ten Sahaabah (Companions) given the glad tidings of entering Jannah (Paradise) loudly in congregation. They do this following each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) of Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) in a specific order known to them. What is the ruling on this? How many Rak`ahs are there in Taraaweeh prayer? When is it performed? Is it performed on the night of the first or the second day of Ramadaan? What is the ruling on some Imaams reciting half an Aayah, one, or two short Aayaat in Taraaweeh and Maghrib prayer especially in Ramadaan?

Answer: Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet in congregation after Fard (obligatory) or Nafilah (supererogatory) prayer, or following each two Rak`ahs of Taraaweeh is Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Reciting Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’

Question: Did the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recite Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’ (supplication)?

Answer: It is not reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him be upon him) used to recite Al-Faatihah after du`aa’, as far as we know. So, this is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on invoking blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) aloud and making collective Du`aa’ after Salaah

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling on the following: Invoking peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after the congregational Salaah (Prayers), making Du`aa’ (supplication) collectively after offering Salaah, reciting a Hizb (a 60th portion of the Qur’aan) collectively, singing in different styles, and praying behind a blind Imaam who sometimes makes mistakes in recitation?

Answer: Firstly, invoking peace and blessing upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is greatly rewarded and enjoined by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Glorious Qur’aan. Additionally, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) encourages Muslims to conduct this practice as it entails double reward based on the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) Hadeeth… read more here.

Ruling on a Khateeb and listener talking during the Khutbah

Question: We saw an Imaam in Al-Bulaydah who, while standing above the pulpit, said to the worshippers: “Say that there is no god but Allaah”. Therefore, people pronounced Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”) and Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”). Is it right for the Imaam to say that? Is it right for the followers to pronounce Tahleel? What is the meaning of the Hadeeth that says: “If you (even) ask your companion to be quiet on Friday while the Imaam is delivering the sermon, you have in fact talked irrelevance.” We would like an answer for this questions.

Answer: First, If the Khateeb (preacher) intends by saying to the listeners: “Say that Allah is One,” to guide them to what is obligatory upon them concerning Tawheed Al-`Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship), Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship) and Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ wal-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes), he will not be blamed even if they misunderstood him and pronounced Tahleel and Takbeer in loud voices. But they have committed a mistake due to their misunderstanding and in raising their voices… read more here.

Reciting selected lines of poetry after Friday Salaah

Question: After every Friday Prayer, people in our country recite the following lines of poetry. Is this permissible?

These lines read:
O Lord, I deserve not in Paradise to dwell
Nor can I endure the fire of Hell
So may you my repentance accept and my sins obliterate
For indeed You forgive sins, no matter how great.

Answer: A Muslim is allowed to make Du`aa’ (supplication) and to beseech Allaah humbly at any time and in all circumstances. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah for the dead and otherwise

Question: Some people may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for the soul of so-and-so!” or “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for Allaah to make such-and-such work easy for us!” People then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Besides, a person may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah” after he finishes reciting the Qur’aan. The listeners then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Also it is a habit of some people to recite Al-Faatihah as a betrothal ceremony. What is the ruling on all these deeds?

Answer: Reciting Al-Faatihah by the listeners after invoking Allaah, reciting the Qur’aan or as a betrothal ceremony is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). None of these deeds is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions) (may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Desirability of observing the Sharee`ah way of Thikr

Question: What is the ruling on saying any formula of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) in a specific number of times? How can it be impermissible while there are the two following Hadeeth: If anyone invokes blessings on me once on Friday, Allaah will bless them ten times, and whoever invokes blessings on me ten times, Allaah will bless them one hundred times and Whoever says: ‘There is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah. He is alone, Who has no partner. To Him belongs the sovereignty and to Him praise is due. He gives life and causes death and He is Potent over everything,’ a hundred times every day, they will get the reward of emancipating one thousand persons from the progeny of Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) ?

Answer: It is desirable to say the formulae of Thikr for a specific number of times, if this is stated in the Share`ah (Islaamic law). Regarding the formulae of Thikr for which there is no mention of a specific number of times, it is permissible to say them without being bound by a specific number. Accordingly, this permissibility does not contradict the authenticity of the Ahaadeeth mentioned above… read more here.

Repetition of the phrase: “Yaa Lateef”

Question: There is a group of people in our Masjid (mosque) who always repeat the phrase “Yaa Lateef” (O Most Kind and Gentle) 122 times after reciting Allaah’s Noble Names. Is this valid?

Answer: This is impermissible, because this has not been reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who stated in an authentic Hadeeth… read more here.

Swaying while saying Dhikr

Question: Some people in Egypt and its rural areas say Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) collectively while swaying. Does this act have an origin in Islaam?

Answer: This act has no origin in Islaam. Rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), which contradicts the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)… read more here.

Making Thikr collectively and reciting the entire Qur’aan together in one voice

Question: What is the ruling on making Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) collectively in one voice as done by the followers of Sufi orders in Al-Hadrah (A Sufi session of Thikr) or as called in Morocco, Al-`Imaarah, and the collective recitation of the Qur’aan in one voice in Masaajid (mosques), houses and celebrations.

Answer: Making collective Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), reciting the entire Qur’aan together in Al-Hadrah (Sufi session of Thikr) and reciting the entire Qur’aan in one voice in the Masaajid (mosques), houses, celebrations, and funerals, all have no origin in the Sharee`ah… read more here.

Assigning someone to recite the daily Wird of the morning and the evening

Question: When some Muslim brothers set out on a journey or to perform `Umrah, they ask one of them to recite the Wird (portion recited with consistency) of the morning and the evening reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), while the rest of the group listen to him. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say certain forms of Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and Du`aa’ (supplication) through which he supplicated to Allaah every night and day in private… read more here.