Ruling on turning the radio on in the Masjid before the time of Salaah

Question: We live in a small village whose people adhere to the Sunnah from a long time ago. This is from the virtue of Allaah, and then the efforts of our ancestors (may Allaah be merciful with them). I accompanied some of them, and Allaah made them a reason for my guidance. I tried my best, praise be to Allaah, to spread the Sunnah in the country, and work for Da`wah (call to Allaah) to the utmost of my ability. I lead people in Salaah (prayer) since 1977, and after the incidents that have happened in Egypt recently, the ministry of Waqfs (Endowments) sent a Khateeb (preacher) to the Masjid (mosque) of our village. At the beginning, this Khateeb convinced us that he would pursue the same Manhaj (methodology) we adopt, and after he became firmly established in the Masjid, he began propagating the idea of putting a radio in the Masjid for people to listen to the recitation of the Qur’an before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer, as is done in other Masjids in Egypt. Of course, there were many ignorant followers who agreed with him, and they put a radio connected to a loudspeakers before Salah. I personally tried to prevent him from this act.

I even exposed him to the evidences stating the impermissibility of reciting the Qur’aan loudly where people offer their Salaah, and that such a deed is nothing but reviving a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) and nullifying an act of Sunnah. He responded by arguing that if this was prohibited, then why is it widespread in all Masjids of Egypt? The matter has gone so far that they placed the body of a dead person in the bier right in front of the people before Jumu`ah Prayer, and after finishing it, we offered Funeral Prayer for him. I tried to prevent him from doing this before Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer due to the impermissibility of such a deed, but he refused and said that this is the opinion of Imaam Maalik who sees that it as a lesson for the living. I told him that Imam Malik regarded offering Funeral prayer in all Masjids as Makrooh (disliked). However, he remained deaf to my opinion, and was apparently convinced of his own. The path for newly invented Bid`ahs has been paved by the coming of this Khateeb, and there will be more of such Bid`ahs. I am really perplexed and do not know what to do, especially that there are those who want to adhere to the Sunnah, and shun the way to Bid`ah. It should be taken into consideration that this is the only Masjid in the village, and I am thinking of deserting this Masjid, and offering Salaah in one of the Sunni Masjids in Alexandria. However, if I do that, more kinds of Bid`ahs will find their way, and those willing to adhere to the Sunnah will be without help, not to mention their inability to offer Salaah in other Sunni Masjids due to their scarcity in the rural areas and the countryside.

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to put a radio or the like to listen to the recitation of the Qur’aan loudly in the Masjid on Friday before the Imaam ascends the pulpit… read more here.

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Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan and supplicating before the Athaan

Question: At the time of Fajr prayer, Qur’aan, and some supplications are recited and then Athaan (call to Prayer) is pronounced. Is this an act of Sunnah or not? What is the ruling on it?

Answer: Persistence in doing what is mentioned, i.e. Reciting Qur’aan and some supplications before the Athaan of Fajr Prayer is not an act of Sunnah but rather an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’

Question: We have some prevailing customs that after Du`aa’ (supplication), the Imaam recites Soorah Al-Faatihah, and raises his hands with the Ma’moomeen (those being led by an Imaam in Prayer), and one of them recites Al-Fatihah. Upon finishing his recitation, they all say ‘Aameen’ while placing their hands over their faces.

Answer: It is not permissible to recite Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’, because this was neither reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), nor the Rightly-Guided Caliphs… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah after Salaah

Question: Is it an act of Sunnah or is it permissible to recite Soorah Al-Faatihah after performing the obligatory Salaah individually or in congregation? Appreciate your guidance, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is not an act of Sunnah to recite Soorah Al-Faatihah after performing the obligatory Salaah whether individually or in congregation… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah and concluding by reciting, “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power”

Question: We are a group of Muslim immigrants who work in France. We were gathered on Taqwaa (fear/wariness of offending Allaah) and following the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We, by Allaah’s Will, managed to assign a hall to perform the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers. We chose an Imaam, may Allaah help him with this burden.

In addition, we arranged to hold sessions on preaching and guidance from time to time. However, this group has started to gradually break up because each one of us says after Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), “Subhaan Allah [Glory be to Allaah]” thirty-three times, “Al-hamdu lillaah [All praise is due to Allaah]” thirty-three times, and Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]” thirty-three times,” as an implementation of the Prophet’s Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah, The poor people went to the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and said, “The wealthy have obtained the highest ranks and lasting bliss. They perform Salaah (Prayer) as we perform Salaah, and they observe Sawm (Fasting) as we observe Sawm, but they have more wealth with which they perform Hajj and `Umrah, and give Sadaqah (voluntary charity).” He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Shall I tell you something that if you act upon it you will catch up with those who are ahead of you, and you will get ahead of those who are behind you? No one will be better than you, except those who do as you do. Say, “Subhan Allaah (Glory be to Allaah),” “Al-hamdu lillaah (All praise is due to Allaah),” and “Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest)” thirty-three times after every Salaah.” Each one of us says the formula mentioned in the Hadeeth subvocally. After that we recite Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah (the second part of Tashahhud) in congregation and end our gathering by reciting, “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praise and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” Some of the fellow brothers dissociated themselves from this practice. They said that it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), which we will bear its sin and the sin of those who follow us until the Day of Resurrection.

Please give us a Fatwaa regarding this matter. Is the recitation of Al-Faatihah, Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, and the last three Aayaat of Soorah Al-Saaffaat (180-182) in congregation good or is it a Bid`ah? Those fellow men do not perform Salaah with us anymore until we abandon this practice.There should be a Fatwaa to end this disagreement.

In case we are wrong, we will abstain from it and ask Allaah to forgive us but in case we are right, we invoke Allaah to guide those fellow brothers. We hope there will be no cause for disagreements, which destroy and shatter Muslims’ unity.

Answer: It is not permissible to recite Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, and end the gathering with reciting the last three Aayaat of Soorah Al-Saffat because it is Bid`ah. This is not reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Ruling on offering Du`aa’ for the dead before moving the body, after the Funeral Prayer and after burial

Question: Before someone is buried, much attention is paid to washing their body, and before they are taken to the grave, people offer Du`aa’ (supplication) for them. When they reach the grave, people conduct the Funeral Prayer. After this, people offer Du`aa’ again for the dead and then the body is placed into the grave. The earth is heaped on the grave till the body is covered completely, water is splattered on it, a Soorah of the Qur’aan is recited, and people make another Du`aa’ for the third time.

Answer: Offering Du`aa’ for the dead when washing or enshrouding them is permissible, for Du`aa’ benefits the dead… read more here.

Making Thikr by only uttering the Shahaadah

Question: Is it permissible to make Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) by uttering Laa ilaaha illa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah) in addition to Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah? And what is the ruling on making Thikr by these words on a regular basis?

Answer: Bearing witness to the Oneness of Allaah, and to the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is obligatory and without which one cannot be called a Muslim… read more here.

Allocating specific Thikr for a certain day in the name of Salafiyyah

Question: Some brothers in Pakistan claim that they are Salafee Muslims (those acting upon the views of Salaf [righteous predecessors]) but they always hold sessions for Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah) on Thursdays after the `Asr (afternoon) Prayers. They think the time after `Asr Prayer is a suitable time, if not the most suitable time, for Thikr. As to the manner in which they perform Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah), it is as follows: One of them sits in front of the group and starts saying “Allaah” in a loud voice.

Other people repeat after him in a lower voice. Then he says, “Subhaan Allaah” (Glory be to Allaah) or “Al-Hamdu-lillaah” (Praise be to Allaah), and so on, and they repeat after him. These brothers think that in this way they are purifying their souls. They quote some of the Ahaadeeth that encourage holding sessions of Thikr to justify this practice. What is the ruling on them?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, these people are not Salafees’. Their practice does not belong to Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) either. In fact they are committing Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on making Thikr loudly while swaying

Question: What is the ruling on those who make Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in unison and raise their voices while jumping and swaying from side to side?

Answer: It is not permissible to do this, for this way is Bid`ah (innovation in religion). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on saying Thikr collectively between Taraaweeh prayers

Question: In Ramadan We find people in some Masjids (mosques) who invoke Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet, the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, the Mothers of the Believers, and the Ten Sahaabah (Companions) given the glad tidings of entering Jannah (Paradise) loudly in congregation. They do this following each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) of Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) in a specific order known to them. What is the ruling on this? How many Rak`ahs are there in Taraaweeh prayer? When is it performed? Is it performed on the night of the first or the second day of Ramadaan? What is the ruling on some Imaams reciting half an Aayah, one, or two short Aayaat in Taraaweeh and Maghrib prayer especially in Ramadaan?

Answer: Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet in congregation after Fard (obligatory) or Nafilah (supererogatory) prayer, or following each two Rak`ahs of Taraaweeh is Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Reciting Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’

Question: Did the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recite Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’ (supplication)?

Answer: It is not reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him be upon him) used to recite Al-Faatihah after du`aa’, as far as we know. So, this is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on invoking blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) aloud and making collective Du`aa’ after Salaah

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling on the following: Invoking peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after the congregational Salaah (Prayers), making Du`aa’ (supplication) collectively after offering Salaah, reciting a Hizb (a 60th portion of the Qur’aan) collectively, singing in different styles, and praying behind a blind Imaam who sometimes makes mistakes in recitation?

Answer: Firstly, invoking peace and blessing upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is greatly rewarded and enjoined by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Glorious Qur’aan. Additionally, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) encourages Muslims to conduct this practice as it entails double reward based on the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) Hadeeth… read more here.

Ruling on a Khateeb and listener talking during the Khutbah

Question: We saw an Imaam in Al-Bulaydah who, while standing above the pulpit, said to the worshippers: “Say that there is no god but Allaah”. Therefore, people pronounced Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”) and Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”). Is it right for the Imaam to say that? Is it right for the followers to pronounce Tahleel? What is the meaning of the Hadeeth that says: “If you (even) ask your companion to be quiet on Friday while the Imaam is delivering the sermon, you have in fact talked irrelevance.” We would like an answer for this questions.

Answer: First, If the Khateeb (preacher) intends by saying to the listeners: “Say that Allah is One,” to guide them to what is obligatory upon them concerning Tawheed Al-`Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship), Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship) and Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ wal-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes), he will not be blamed even if they misunderstood him and pronounced Tahleel and Takbeer in loud voices. But they have committed a mistake due to their misunderstanding and in raising their voices… read more here.

Reciting selected lines of poetry after Friday Salaah

Question: After every Friday Prayer, people in our country recite the following lines of poetry. Is this permissible?

These lines read:
O Lord, I deserve not in Paradise to dwell
Nor can I endure the fire of Hell
So may you my repentance accept and my sins obliterate
For indeed You forgive sins, no matter how great.

Answer: A Muslim is allowed to make Du`aa’ (supplication) and to beseech Allaah humbly at any time and in all circumstances. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah for the dead and otherwise

Question: Some people may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for the soul of so-and-so!” or “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for Allaah to make such-and-such work easy for us!” People then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Besides, a person may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah” after he finishes reciting the Qur’aan. The listeners then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Also it is a habit of some people to recite Al-Faatihah as a betrothal ceremony. What is the ruling on all these deeds?

Answer: Reciting Al-Faatihah by the listeners after invoking Allaah, reciting the Qur’aan or as a betrothal ceremony is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). None of these deeds is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions) (may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Desirability of observing the Sharee`ah way of Thikr

Question: What is the ruling on saying any formula of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) in a specific number of times? How can it be impermissible while there are the two following Hadeeth: If anyone invokes blessings on me once on Friday, Allaah will bless them ten times, and whoever invokes blessings on me ten times, Allaah will bless them one hundred times and Whoever says: ‘There is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah. He is alone, Who has no partner. To Him belongs the sovereignty and to Him praise is due. He gives life and causes death and He is Potent over everything,’ a hundred times every day, they will get the reward of emancipating one thousand persons from the progeny of Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) ?

Answer: It is desirable to say the formulae of Thikr for a specific number of times, if this is stated in the Share`ah (Islaamic law). Regarding the formulae of Thikr for which there is no mention of a specific number of times, it is permissible to say them without being bound by a specific number. Accordingly, this permissibility does not contradict the authenticity of the Ahaadeeth mentioned above… read more here.

Repetition of the phrase: “Yaa Lateef”

Question: There is a group of people in our Masjid (mosque) who always repeat the phrase “Yaa Lateef” (O Most Kind and Gentle) 122 times after reciting Allaah’s Noble Names. Is this valid?

Answer: This is impermissible, because this has not been reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who stated in an authentic Hadeeth… read more here.

Swaying while saying Dhikr

Question: Some people in Egypt and its rural areas say Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) collectively while swaying. Does this act have an origin in Islaam?

Answer: This act has no origin in Islaam. Rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), which contradicts the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)… read more here.

Making Thikr collectively and reciting the entire Qur’aan together in one voice

Question: What is the ruling on making Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) collectively in one voice as done by the followers of Sufi orders in Al-Hadrah (A Sufi session of Thikr) or as called in Morocco, Al-`Imaarah, and the collective recitation of the Qur’aan in one voice in Masaajid (mosques), houses and celebrations.

Answer: Making collective Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), reciting the entire Qur’aan together in Al-Hadrah (Sufi session of Thikr) and reciting the entire Qur’aan in one voice in the Masaajid (mosques), houses, celebrations, and funerals, all have no origin in the Sharee`ah… read more here.

Assigning someone to recite the daily Wird of the morning and the evening

Question: When some Muslim brothers set out on a journey or to perform `Umrah, they ask one of them to recite the Wird (portion recited with consistency) of the morning and the evening reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), while the rest of the group listen to him. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say certain forms of Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and Du`aa’ (supplication) through which he supplicated to Allaah every night and day in private… read more here.

Changing one’s name after performing Hajj

Question: What is the ruling on changing one’s name like most of the Indonesian pilgrims do? Indonesians usually change their names when they go to Makkah Al-Mukarramah or Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah. Is this Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) or not?

Answer: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to change bad names to good ones. If the Indonesian pilgrims are changing their names for this purpose, and not for finishing the rituals of Hajj or their visiting Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) and offering Salaah therein, then this is permissible… read more here.

Setting aside a certain bed or a Sofa until a pilgrim comes back to use it

Question: In our country, the family of a pilgrim sets aside for him a bed or a sofa. They cover it with clean and perfumed coverlets and place money and bottles of perfume around it. They prevent people from using it telling them that they cannot sit on it until the pilgrim returns from Hajj and use it first. After the pilgrim uses it, others may then sit on it. I hope that you can inform us about this practice. Many thanks to you, may Allaah benefit Muslims with your knowledge!

Answer: The actions mentioned above done by the family of a person intending to perform Hajj is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Setting aside a bed, washing it, covering and perfuming it and preventing people from sitting on it till the pilgrim returns from Hajj to be the first to sit on it, are acts of Bid`ah and instituting in religion that which Allaah has not ordained… read more here.

Saying: The door of the Ka`bah will not open if anyone other than Banoo Shaybah tries to open it

Question: One of my friends said that Banoo Shaybah are the custodians of the Ka`bah and that no one can open the door of the Ka`bah even if he has the keys unless he is one of them. He told me that a person who is not from Banoo Shaybah took the keys and tried to open the door, but the door would not open until they brought a baby from Banoo Shaybah and placed his hand on the key. Is this true?

Answer: Banoo Shaybah are the custodians of the Ka`bah. It is not true that the door of the Ka`bah will not open if anyone other than Banoo Shaybah tries to open it. What is mentioned about someone other than Banoo Shaybah who tried to open the door but failed to do so until they brought a baby from Banoo Shaybah who put his hand on the key and the door was opened is not true… read more here.

Fasting (Sawm) during Rajab and Sha‘ban

Question: I know people who always perform Sawm (Fast) for the whole months of Rajab and Sha‘baan until Ramadaan without break. Is there any Hadeeth regarding this practice? If there is any, kindly provide the text?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) used to fast the entire month of Rajab or Sha‘baan… read more here.

Observing Sawm on certain days in Rajab

Question: There are days on which we voluntarily observe Sawm (Fast) during Rajab. Should these days be in the beginning, middle, or end of the month?

Answer: No specific Ahaadeeth were authentically reported about the merit of Sawm in Rajab, except that which was related by Al-Nasaa’ee and Aboo Daawood, and ranked as Saheeh (authentic) by Ibn Khuzaymah, on the authority of Usaamah who said… read more here.

Ruling on sending blessings on the Prophet loudly before or after the Athaan

Question: Even though Pakistan, our country, is a Muslim state, some A’immah insist on saying: “Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah, and beloved to Allaah” before they say the Athaan (call to Prayer). They never stop doing so. I pray behind those A’immah. Is my Salaah (Prayer) behind them valid or not? What should I do? What is the ruling on these A’immah?

Answer: Firstly, invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Messenger before and after the Athaan and saying it aloud after or during the Athaan is one of the innovated Bid`ahs in religion… read more here.

Ruling on pronouncing additional words before or after Athaan

Question: We notice that when Fajr Prayer time is due, and prior to the Athaan (call to Prayer), some Mu’ath-thins (callers to Prayer) on the mosque’s minaret pronounce some words like: “Pray” or “Prayer” two or three times; afterwards, they begin pronouncing the Athaan. Is their act valid? Or should they be reprimanded?

Answer: It is well known that Islaam is based on adherence rather than innovation. This is supported by the Prophet’s statement (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Whoever introduces a practice into this affair of ours that is not of it, it is to be rejected. According to another narration: If anybody introduces a practice which is not religiously authenticated, it is to be rejected. He also stated… read more here.

Ruling on performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times after completion of its building

Question: When people in the north of our country build a Masjid (mosque), they perform Tawaaf (circumambulation) seven times around it on the day they inaugurate it. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or not? What is the evidence?

Answer: Performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times is an abominable act of Bid`ah, whether this is done on the opening day or any other day. Tawaaf is only lawful when performed around the Ka`bah (in Makkah) and nowhere else… read more here.

Ruling on rubbing oneself against the walls of Mosques at Al-Rahmah Mountain in `Arafah

Question: In the area of Al-Rahmah Mount in `Arafah there are three adjacent Masjids (mosques) with their Mihrabs without ceilings. The pilgrims go to these Masjids to rub themselves against their walls and Mihrabs. Sometimes, they put money at the Mihrabs. They offer two Rak`ahs at each one of these Masjids. Sometimes they perform Salaah at these Masjids at times when prayer is prohibited. Also men and women mingle in crowds there. The pilgrims do all these acts during the days immediately preceding the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah. We hope that Your Eminence will inform us of the legal ruling on these acts, may Allaah reward you with best reward!

Answer: First, `Arafah is a place where one of the rituals of Hajj is to be performed according to Allaah’s orders. This ritual is staying at `Arafah on the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah and the night of `Eed-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan before the arrival of the Imaam on Friday

Question: Is it permissible for a person to recite Qur’aan in the Masjid (mosque) on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam (the person who leads congregational Salaah)? Is this one of the polite manners of Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer, or a denounced Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: There is no evidence on the legitimacy of a person reciting Qur’aan on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam while people listen to him, and when the Imaam arrives, that person stops recitation… read more here.

Ruling on Bid`ah in “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab”

Question: Is the book “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab (Answered Supplication)” by Ahmad `Abdul-Jawwad a reliable reference? I read in it, “There are twelve Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during the day or night and the Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) should be performed between each pair. While sitting for the final Tashahhud, praise Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and invoke Allaah’s Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon him). While in Sujud (prostration), Soorah Al-Faatihah should be recited seven times, Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’anic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) seven times, and the phrase: “Laa ilaaha illa Allaah wahdahoo la shareeka lahoo… (There is no god but Allaah Alone and He has no partner…)” should be recited ten times. This Du`aa’ (supplication) should then be recited: “O Allaah! I ask you by the glory of Your Throne, by the utmost mercy of Your Book, and by Your Greatest Name, Your Highest Glory, and Your Perfect Words,” and then ask Allaah for whatever you need. After this, raise your head and say the Taslim (salutation of peace ending the Prayer).” (Related by Al-Haakim on the authority of Ibn Mas`ood [may Allaah be pleased with him]). Is this a Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth? There is a Hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade `Alee from reciting the Qur’aan during a Rak`ah (bowing) or Sujood.

Answer: Do not depend on this book, as it contains many Da`eef (weak) and Mawdoo` (fabricated) Hadeeth, one of them being the one you mentioned in your question that you read about the twelve Rak`ah in Salah (Prayer) in the manner mentioned… read more here.

Ruling on Nafilah prayer offered on the last Wednesday of Safar

Question: Some of the scholars in our country claim that in Islaam there is a Nafilah (supererogatory Prayer) offered on the last Wednesday of Safar, at the time of Salaat-ul-Duha (supererogatory Prayer before noon). This Salaah consists of four Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with one Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer). In each Rak‘ah a person should recite Soorah Al-Faatihah and Soorah Al-Kawthar seventeen times, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas fifty times and Al-Mu‘awwidhatayn (Suwar Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) one time each. This is done in each Rak‘ah, then one says Tasleem after which it is prescribed to recite: And Allaah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not. 360 times, and Jawharat-ul-Kamal (a special Sufi formula) three times, and to conclude by saying: “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power. Exalted is He from all that they ascribe to Him. And peace be on the Messengers. And all the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds.” They should also give some bread to the poor as a charity. They say that this Aayah is especially recited for warding off the calamities that are send down on the last Wednesday of Safar. They say that every year 320,000 calamities come down, and all of them come down on the last Wednesday of Safar. Therefore, that day is regarded as the most difficult day throughout the year. But whoever offers this Salaah in the above mentioned manner, Allaah will protect them by His Bounty from all the calamities that come down on that day. They, as well as those who could not offer it, such as children, will benefit from this Salaah. Is this permissible or not?

Answer: There is no evidence from the Qur’aan or Sunnah that supports the validity of the Nafilah mentioned in the question. We have no proof that anyone among the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) or the righteous people of the later generations performed this Nafilah… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan through microphones and the Ibtihalat

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on reciting Qur’aan before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer using microphones? When a person objects to this act as not related in the Sunnah, they accuse him of preventing the recitation of the Qur’aan. What about the Ibtihalat (religious hymns) heard on microphones shortly before the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? When objecting to this baseless act, it is said that it is a good deed aiming at awakening the people for the Fajr Prayer.

Answer: There is no evidence supporting that such acts were committed during the lifetime of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions). The same goes for the Ibtihalat heard before the Fajr Prayer through microphones… read more here.

Ruling on the way of starting Taraaweeh

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)? How should it be offered? There is much controversy about this issue; some A’immah (those who lead congregational Prayer) start it by saying “Rise for Qiyaam (stand for optional Prayer at night), may Allaah reward you!”, and then offer two Rak’ahs (units of Prayer), after which they say, “O, Allaah! Send Your peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad” in a loud voice. When the Imaam says this, all the Ma’mooms (persons being led by an Imaam in Prayer) repeat it after him. In the second two Rak’ahs, he reads Suwar Al-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu`awwidhatayn (Soorah Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) in a loud voice, and the Ma’moom also repeat it after him. On finishing Taraaweeh, he does the same thing three times. If a person tells them that this act was not reported, they reply that it is a good deed and a good Bid`ah (innovation in religion).

Is there anything called a good Bid`ah in Islaam? What is your view on this? How should this Salaah be offered? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Saying: “Rise for Qiyaam (standing for optional Prayer at night), may Allaah reward you!”; the saying of the Imaam: “O, Allaah! Send Your peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad” in a loud voice; repeating this by the Ma’mooms; and reciting Suwar Al-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu’awwidhatayn in a loud voice after offering two Rak’ahs, are all Bid`ah… read more here.

Putting the hand on the head after Salaah

Question: Some people put their hands on their heads after Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), claiming it to be an act of Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet).

Answer: It is not an act of Sunnah to put the hand on head after Tasleem. In fact, this is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison on Friday before the Imaam enters

Question: What is the ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison on Friday before the Imam enters the masjid?

Answer: This is impermissible, and confining this to Friday before the Imaam’s entry is introducing a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison after the prayer

Question: Some Moroccans are accustomed to reciting the Qur’aan collectively after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Indeed, the regular custom of reciting Qur’aan collectively after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or after any other prayer is an act of Bid`ah… read more here.

Gathering for reciting the Qur’aan

Question: What is your opinion (may Allaah safeguard you) of a man who gathers a number of people in his house to recite some verses of the Qur’aan, supplicate Allaah (Exalted be He) for themselves and for all Muslims, eat food that he prepared beforehand then depart?

At the same time, the person who invites, distributes separate parts of the Qur’aan to his guests so that once each person finishes his part, having thus finished the whole Qur’aan, one of them supplicates Allaah (Exalted be He) for themselves and for all the Muslims. By doing so, they consider that they have recited the whole Qur’aan seeking the blessing thereof.

Answer: First, gathering to recite and learn the Qur’aan by having someone to recite while others listen to it, mutually studying and trying to understand the meanings of it, is permissible… read more here.

Washing hands after Qur’aan recitation

Question: After reciting the Glorious Qur’aan, is it permissible to go directly to the bathroom or should we wash our hands first before entering the bathroom? It is worth mentioning that the water drained from the washbowl and the bathroom is carried off into the same sewer.

Answer: It is not legally required to wash hands after reciting the Qur’aan, or in the washbowl or the bathroom… read more here.

Ruling on writing Aayaat on a paper and putting it in water then drinking it to facilitate memorizing Qur’aan

Question: Some people of different nationalities in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) write down Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) on a paper, put it in water, and then drink it to facilitate memorizing Qur’aan. They claim that this helps them to easily memorize the Qur’aan; however, we do not know whether this is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or not? What is the Islaamic ruling on this?

Answer: This act is an act of Bid`ah… read more here.

Ruling on distributing food and drink following Khatmah

Question: Dear scholars, what is the ruling on the following question:

Did the Prophet (peace be upon him), any of his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them), the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet), their successors, or the Salaf (righteous predecessors) distribute food, drinks, or desserts following Khatmah (completing of one reading of the whole Qur’aan) during Qiyaam-ul-Layl (optional Prayer at night) in Ramadaan?

If this was an established custom that was practiced during the time of the early generations of Islaam, please tell us the book, page number, volume, and edition that proves this. If this is not confirmed, please give us evidence to show whether or not this is permissible, knowing that this is done as a duty believing that the food, drinks, and desserts will bring blessings.

Answer: As far as we know, it is not authentically related that the Prophet (peace be upon him), any of his Sahaabah, the Taabi`oon, or the A’immah of the Salaf distributed food, drinks, or desserts following Khatmah of the Qur’aan during Qiyaam-ul-Layl in Ramadaan and made this a duty… read more here.

Preparing banquets for completing the recitation of the Qur’aan

Question: Is it permissible to prepare banquets upon completing the recitation of the Qur’aan?

Answer: It is permissible to prepare banquets for wedding occasions. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn `Awf when the latter told him of his marriage: Prepare a banquet even if with one sheep. The Prophet himself used to prepare banquets for such occasions… read more here.

Gathering people to recite the Qur’aan with the intention of gaining more of Allaah’s provision

Question: In Uganda, when someone wants to supplicate Allaah to bestow more provisions on him, he invites some learned people who come to him each carrying a Mus-haf. They then start reciting; one of them recites Soorah Yaaseen as it is the heart of the Qur’aan, another recites Soorah Al-Kahf and a third recites Soorah Al-Waaqi’ah, Al-Rahmaan, Al-Dukhaan, Al-Ma’aarij, Al-Qalam, Al-Mulk, Muhammad, Al-Fath or some other Suwar. However, they do not recite any verses of Soorah Al-Baqarah and Soorah Al-Nisaa’. Is this Islaamic? If not, please tell us about the correct Islamic behavior with evidence.

Answer: Reciting the Qur’aan and reflecting on its meanings is one of the best deeds that draw a person close to Allaah. Moreover, supplicating to Allaah and resorting to Him to grant success to do more good, for provisions and for gaining other kinds of bounties is a permissible act of worship… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah during school’s morning assembly

Question: Some girls’ schools ask us about the ruling on girls’ reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah aloud at the school’s morning assembly. Being a matter of importance, kindly inform us of the ruling so we can circulate it among the schools.

Answer: It is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) that school boys and girls recite Soorah Al-Faatihah during the school’s morning assembly. The Prophet is reported to have said: Whoever does an act extraneous to ours (religious acts), his act is rejected. Narrated by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslimread more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah after offering Witr following `Ishaa’ Salaah

Question: Please, your honor, give me a Fatwaa on reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah after the ‘Ishaa’ (Night) Prayer, i.e. after the Witr (Prayer with an odd number of units) for a non-specific number of times such as a hundred times, more or less, without specifying a certain time. I always recite the Qur’aan hoping for more rewards from Allaah. Is this considered a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) given that after reciting Al-Faatihah, I ask Allaah for forgiveness and guidance. May Allaah guide you to serve Islam and the Muslims.

Answer: The Qur’aan is the word of Allaah (Exalted be He); the superiority of Allah’s words over the words of people is similar to the superiority of Allaah over people. The reward of reciting the Qur’aan is great, which no one can measure except Allaah… read more here.

The permissibility of gathering people to recite the Qur’aan for a particular person

Question: Is it permissible for anyone to gather people and ask them to recite the Qur’aan for him on a certain occasion? For instance, that person wants to change his career and wants to get blessings in his new job.

Answer: Allaah revealed the Qur’aan, so that people would recite it as a form of ‘Ibaadah (worship) and apply its rulings. It is a miracle which proves the prophethood of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). As for the practice that you are inquiring about,it is not legislated by Allaah… read more here.

Specifying some Soorah of the Qur’aan as the “Saving Soorah”

Question: Some students of Daar Al-Hadeeth in Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah came to me and gave me a booklet called: “The Saving Surahs” including Suwar Al-Kahf, Al-Sajdah, Yaaseen, Fussilat, Al-Dukhaan, Al-Waaqi`ah, Al-Hashr, and Al-Mulk. They said that they have distributed many copies in Makkah, Al-Madeenah, and other places. Is there any evidence that they can be given this name and description?

Answer: All Suwar and Aayaat of the Qur’aan are healing for the diseases of the heart, guidance, and a mercy for the believers. They save those who adhere to them and are guided by them from Kufr (disbelief), misguidance, and painful torture. The Prophet (peace be upon him) clarified this through his words, deeds, and approval of the permissibility of Ruqyah (reciting Qur’aan and saying supplications over the sick seeking healing)… read more here.

Books free from Bid`ahs and warning against Bid`ah-tinged Tareeqah

Question: First: We live in a village called Baqur in Aboo Tij town, Asyut Governorate. We live in worry due to the innovation of new matters that are far from religion. We would like a decisive answer for the things that have been innovated to avoid indulging in them, to apply the principles of Islaam with deep insight and to reject Bid`ahs (innovations in religion). What are the books that point out these matters for us? May Allaah guide you and us to goodness and guidance!

Second:
We are young men who are keen to know our religion in spite of what we find of obstinacy and stubbornness of our fathers who have become busy with material life and neglect their religion. What are the recommended books that are free from Bid`ahs, and what are the means to help guide us to the truth? Moreover, our parents deprived us of our allowance due to our religious behavior. They do so because we deny their ignorance and innovation in religion. We would like you to give us a list of useful books so that we can buy some of them and worship Allaah with deep insight and knowledge. Are there weak and fabricated Ahaadeeth? How can we know these kinds of Ahaadeeth especially if they are circulated among some Imaams?

Third:
What is the reality of the Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) we have like Al-Shaadhooliyyah, Al-Ahmadiyyah, Al-Sa`diyyah, Al-Burhaaniyyah and the like? How can we refute their allegations? What books are considered to be decisive in this regard? Are they following the truth as they claim?

Fourth:
We find that some Imaams follow a juristic school that is different from others. Differences among them usually end in quarrel that leads some of the worshippers to give up prayer. We would like a decisive answer in this regard. Can we follow only one of these juristic schools? How can we bring about agreement between these juristic schools in order to restore order?

Fifth:
Some of them may insult the Qur’aan by interpreting some Aayaah (verses) according to their desires and whims in order to mislead people. They interpret, for example, Allaah’s saying in Soorah Al-‘Imraan: Those who remember Allaah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides as those who offer Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) while dancing and swaying to their left and right sides humming unknown words and saying: “Alla Hayy” and other things. Moreover, they permit birth control, women’s singing and praising the Messenger of Allaah by using musical instruments. We would like you to guide us to the truth in matters of our religion in order to refute the claims of those who innovate in matters of their religion.

Answer: Firstly: You did not mention the Bid’ahs you want to ask us about in order to answer you. We would like to bring to your attention a great rule concerning acts of worship. The basis of all acts of worship is that you should not do them unless there is evidence that denotes them. A person should not say that this worship is legal according to its origin, number, or manner except with legal proof for it.… read more here.

Deeds are to be judged according to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah

Question: What is the ruling on a man who introduces acts or things for which there is no precedent in Islaam, and he deems them praiseworthy claiming that he has done nothing related to Bid`ah?

Answer: The deeds of this man are to be judged according to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Whatever goes in accordance with them is correct and permissible, otherwise it is rejected and should be abandoned. However, you did not mention any of said person’s deeds so that we may know whether it is Bid`ah or an act of Sunnah.… read more here.

Two Ahaadeeth: “Whoever innovates anything in this matter” and “Whoever introduces some good practice”

Question: I would like Your Eminence to explain the two Ahaadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in detail: Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (Islaam) which is not a part of it will have it rejected and Whoever introduces some good practice in Islaam which is followed after him (by people) will be assured of reward like one who follows it (until the Day of the Resurrection)…”

 

Answer: The first Hadeeth means that when someone introduces a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) to be counterpart to what Allaah has legislated, it will not be accepted and he will be a sinner.… read more here.