Studying philosophy and theories that mock Allaah’s Aayaat

Question: Is it permissible to study philosophy, logic, and theories that mock Allaah’s Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses)? Is it permissible to attend places that offer these studies or is it included in this Aayah: And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur’aan) that when you hear the Aayaat of Allaah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them.

Answer: If a person is knowledgeable enough and confident in themselves to the extent that they are not afraid that reading these subjects or sitting with their adherents will cause a Fitnah (trial) to their religion… read more here.

Wrong ijtihaad and its limits

Question: Some contemporary religious youths say that most or all those who fall into Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) in the Muslim world today are not Mushrikeen (one who associates others with Allaah in worship). They defend them saying that they are either noble scholars who, through Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings), come up with views like the permissibility of Istighaathah (beseeching help) from other than Allaah, as did Al-Suyootee, Al-Nabahaanee, and others. Those great scholars will get a double reward if their view is correct and a single reward if their view is wrong. As for ordinary imitating people, they have done the best they can.

Answer: The people who are excused in the case of mistaken inference, are the Mujtahideen (scholars qualified to exercise juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in speculative discretionary issues only, and not people who reach erroneous views on issues authentically established by clear scriptural texts, or well known basic principles of the religion… read more here.

Does coercion by threat or use of force justify one to profess Kufr (disbelief)?

Question: Does coercion by threat or use of force justify one to profess Kufr (disbelief)?

Answer: It is permissible to profess Kufr if actually forced into it, while the heart of the coerced Muslim rests secure with firm faith… read more here.

Someone who denies some Ahaadeeth

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on offering Salaah (prayer) behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) who denies some of the Prophet’s Hadeeth such as the Hadeeth stating that magic was cast on the Prophet (peace be upon him) or the one prophesying the descent of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him) near the end of time?

Answer: The one who denies the Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), such as the two Ahaadeeth referred to above, is a liar and may be judged either to be a Faasiq (someone openly and flagrantly violating Islaamic law) or a Kaafir (disbeliever), according to that person’s state… read more here.

Can a person who says “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah” be a disbeliever?

Question: Can a person be a disbeliever in spite of verbally saying: “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah” (There is no god in truth but Allaah)?

Answer: A person can be a disbeliever in the Sight of Allaah in spite of saying, “There is no god  in truth but Allaah”, as the hypocrites who say it only by tongue, but their hearts have not believed in it, such as ‘Abdullaah ibn Ubay ibn Salool and suchlike… read more here.

Dealing with someone who denies some Ahaadeeth

Question: What is the ruling on those who refute some of the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth related in the Two Saheeh Books of Hadeeth (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), such as the Hadeeth about the punishment and bliss in the grave, the Mi`raj (Ascension to Heaven), Sihr (sorcery), Shafaa`ah (intercession), and getting out of the Fire? What is the ruling on performing Salaah (Prayer) behind them and exchanging greetings with them or is it better to disassociate from them?

Answer: The scholars of Hadeeth should discuss the Riwaayah (the study of the text of a Hadith and how to apply it) and Diraayah (the study of the principles set to verify whether a Hadeeth is acceptable or not in terms of text and chain of narrators) of these Hadeeth with them to explain their authenticity and meanings… read more here.

Offering Salaah behind a beardless Imaam

Question: What is the ruling on offering Salaah (prayer) behind a clean-shaven Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) who also mocks bearded men and orders them to shave their beard off?

Answer: It is not permissible to mock a bearded man as he grows his beard in compliance with the command of the Prophet (peace be upon him) thereof. Moreover, the mocker should be advised and instructed… read more here.

Calling people to regularly observe Salaah

Question: Many of our colleagues do not offer Salaah (Prayer).Perhaps they used to offer Salaah regularly before leaving their homeland, but as soon as they indulged in the American life style, they abandoned Salaah and Sawm (Fast) and forgot Islaam. Some other colleagues and I advised them and called them to pray, but they did not respond. Are we absolved of liability before Allaah, especially that we live with them in the same accommodation?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, you are free from liability and there is nothing wrong with living with them in case of necessity. You should keep advising them and call them to adhere to the Islaamic obligations with wisdom and good instruction, and debate with them in the best and most constructive way… read more here.

Some acts of Kufr take a person out of Islaam

Question: Some scholars consider a person who abandons Salaah (Prayer) as committing Kufr ‘Amalee (disbelief in actions), and Kufr ‘Amalee does not put one beyond the pale of Islam except in exceptional cases like cursing Allaah (Exalted be He) and similar acts. Is a person abandoning Salaah considered an exception? If so, why is he considered an exception?

Answer: Not all the types of Kufr ‘Amalee (disbelief in actions) do not put one beyond the pale of Islaam… read more here.

Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam

Question: They interpret Kufr (disbelief) that takes a person out of Islaam as denial only, whereas a person who abandons Salaah (prayer) out of negligence is not a denier of its obligation. Or is there another type of Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam without involving denial?

Answer: Confining the Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam to denial only is incorrect… read more here.

Is this man still judged to be a Muslim or outside the pale of Islaam?

Question: What is the opinion of the knowledgeable scholars on a man who contradicts decisive texts from the Qur’aan and authentic Hadeeth? Upon receiving advice and admonition, he says: “There is nothing wrong with what I do.” If he judges among people, he gives false judgments contradicting the Qur’aan and Hadeeth. This ruler rarely performs Salaah (Prayer) or Sawm (Fast). Moreover, he allies himself with disbelievers, wicked people and followers of corrupted creeds. He permits what has been forbidden by Allaah, like vowing to other than Allaah, drinking alcohol, dealing in Ribaa (usury/interest), taking bribes, dishonest and illegal transactions. He also mocks the religiously committed sincere scholars. He says that they are crazy people. Moreover, he seeks to be a ruler by rallying people around him, through lavish spending on them.People are inclined in his favor because he brings them benefits such as acquitting criminals, jailing their opponents and punishing innocent people. After winning, he makes illegal intercession with judges to acquit criminals and punish innocent people. He lavishes his money on evil things. People come to congratulate him, singing and beating drums. Is supporting or allying oneself with such a person permissible or prohibited in the purified Sharee‘ah? Is this man still judged to be a Muslim or outside the pale of Islaam? Guide us to the truth! May Allaah grant you the best reward in the everlasting abode. I am submitting this question to spread your answer on it all over Pakistan. Therefore, we beg for a speedy answer from your eminence.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, then the person in question who has such a character is a Kaafir (disbeliever), whose Kufr (disbelief) has cast him outside the pale of Islaam. It is unlawful to support or ally oneself with him… read more here.

Are Muslims to be excused for ignorantly performing acts of Kufr and Shirk?

Question: Is the person who ignorantly commits any act of Kufr (disbelief) or Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)? Can they be excused because of their ignorance? Please, provide us with evidence.

Answer: A Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) cannot be excused for worshipping other than Allaah, or offering sacrifices as a means of drawing closer to other than Allaah, or making a vow to other than Allaah, and other acts of worship that should be devoted to Allaah alone… read more here.

Telling jokes of blasphemous or dissolute content

Question: Some people speak words that are tantamount to Kufr (disbelief) or Fisq (flagrant violation of Islaamic law) and justify it by saying: “I am just joking.” Are such people pardoned for doing so, if they are only joking?

Answer: It is strictly prohibited to tell blasphemous or bawdy jokes. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Dealing with someone who abandons Salaah and Sawm

Question: A person who is a Muslim on both his mother’s and father’s side of the family, but refuses to pray or fast, and refrains from other acts of worship? Is it permissible to treat him like Muslims; to eat with him and so on?

Answer: If the state of this person is, as you mentioned; he refuses to pray, fast, or do other rituals of Islaam, he will be considered a Kaafir (disbeliever), which will put him beyond the pale of Islaam, according to the more correct of the two scholarly views. He should be asked to repent to Allaah for three days… read more here.

Helping Apostates to change their names

Question: I received a question from one of the employees in the identity card department stating that the people who newly embrace Islaam sometimes need to change their names especially if their meaning contradict Islaamic beliefs.It sometimes happens that some of them apostatize from Islaam. This requires the re-changing of their names again to the previous ones before Islaam. There are many Islaamic and non-Islaamic rulings that are dependent upon these changes like inheritance, marriage and personal status. Now, since the person asking this question works in the Civil Affairs Department, Identity Card Branch, will he be committing a sin if he changes the names of such persons? Does his work count as support to them in their Riddah (apostasy)? Moreover, he receives commands from his supervisors to do so. What is the ruling on this issue?

Answer: If you are aware that the person who wants to change his name is leaving Islaam and reverting to disbelief, you should not offer him any kind of help even though your supervisor orders you to do so… read more here.

Has the evidence of Allaah been established against the people of modern times?

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning). Has Proof from Allaah been established against the people of the present time, leaving them no excuse for disbelief, or it still has not been established and scholars have to establish it?

Answer: If the Da‘wah (Call to Islaam) reaches anyone among the people living at this time, Proof from Allaah has been established against them (leaving them no excuse for disbelief and entailing punishment)… read more here.

Apostasy renders good deeds worthless if no repentance follows

Question: The year before last, I intended to perform Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah simultaneously). Once I reached Allaah’s Sacred House, I performed ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) and Tawaaf-ul-Qudum (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah on arrival in Makkah) at the same time. I had never visited the Ka‘bah before then. A day after this, I performed ‘Umrah on behalf of my dead mother. Since I had a lot of time before leaving to Minaa on the Day of Tarwiyah (8th of Dhul-Hijjah), the people whom I stayed with advised me to start Tahalul (removal of the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) and I did. On going to Mina, I assumed the state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) anew and offered two Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with the intention of Ihraam for Hajj only in Masjid (mosque of) Tan‘im. I then changed my intention from Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah simultaneously) to Tamattu‘ Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah with a break in between). Is there anything wrong with my Hajj even though I slaughtered a Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims)? Is the Umrah I performed on behalf of my mother valid or is it impermissible to perform two Umrahs during the same Hajj season? Does any sin a pilgrim may commit after Hajj nullify his Hajj, given that to err is human?

Answer: The Hajj you have offered is Tamattu‘ Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah with a break in between) and you did well when you removed the ritual state for ‘Umrah… read more here.

Abandoning Salaah and mocking Islaam or the Sunnah

Question: What is the ruling on a person who abandons Salaah (prayer), does not observe Sawm (fasting) during Ramadaan and makes a mockery of religious obligations and Sunnah such as growing a beard and shortening one’s garment (for men: to avoid the trailing of garment on the ground out of pride)? Please, clarify how to deal with such a person whether he is a brother, a father, or a friend?

Answer: The person who intentionally abandons Salaah may do so either out of negligence or out of denying its obligation. If he denies its obligation, he is a Kaafir (disbeliever) by scholarly consensus… read more here.

Mocking bearded Muslims

Question: What is the ruling on a person who scorns one of the Sunan (traditions) of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)? For example, a person who scorns the beard or bearded people and mockingly call them, “O bearded”. We hope your eminence will explain to us the ruling on the person who says so.

Answer: Scorning the beard is an act greatly disapproved of by Islaamic law. If the person who says, “O bearded” intends to scorn the Sunnah, it is considered Kufr (disbelief). If he says it just to specify the person he is calling, it is not considered Kufr (disbelief)… read more here.

Difference regarding letting the beard grow

Question: Growing a beard is one of the Sunnahs of the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, many Muslims shave it, others pluck it, others trim it and others even deny its being an act of Sunnah. Others say that it is an act of Sunnah which is rewardable if observed and not punishable if abandoned. Some foolish people say that if there had been any good in growing one’s beard, it would not have grown in the place of pubic hair. What is the ruling of Islaam on each of these people and their different viewpoints? What is the ruling on one who denies one of the Prophet’s acts of Sunnah?

Answer: The Saheeh (authentic) Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) indicates that it is obligatory to leave the beard as it is and let it grow long and that it is prohibited to cut or shave it. It is narrated in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Abstaining from performance of the practical pillars of Islaam

Question: If someone testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, but does not observe the four Pillars of Islaam, i.e. Salaah (Prayer), Zakaah (obligatory charity), Sawm (Fasting), and Hajj, and the other acts prescribed by the Islaamic Sharee`ah, do they deserve the intercession of the Prophet (peace be upon him) on the Day of Resurrection to escape the punishment of Hellfire, even for a limited time?

Answer: Anyone who bears witness that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, but abstains from performing Salaah, Zakah, Sawm, and Hajj, denying the obligation of these four Pillars, or any one of them after being told about them, is regarded as a Murtad (apostate) from Islaam… read more here.

Denying authentic Ahaadeeth and interpreting Aayaat about Allaah’s Names and Attributes

Question: Among the Masjids (mosques) built by religious organizations are some belonging to Muslim sects like those who call for the arbitration or exercise of human reason in judging the Prophetic Ahaadeeth and hence deny thousands of authentic Hadeeths. Or sects that divert the Names of Allaah and His Attributes from their original meaning. They circulate the wicked phrase: “The Salaf (Predecessors) are Ahkaam (more precise and nearest to the truth) and the Khalaf (Successors) are more knowledgeable.” They also promulgate among the public a phrase that states, “Allaah is there, everywhere.” Is it permissible to offer Salaah (prayer) in one of these Masjids behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) from these sects?

What if the Imaam of one of these Masjids recants this, should I demand from him to declare himself no longer affiliated to such sects or his saying so is deemed sufficient?

Answer: Those who deny the sound Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and reject their meanings, are wrongful sinners; but declaring them to be disbelievers, is a matter of detail… read more here.

A Muslim opposing an established ruling supported with a clear text

Question: In our town, Pattani, which lies in the south of Thailand, big problems have been caused by the issue of the bereaved family making food for the condolers.I hope, Your Eminence, will clarify this issue and the following issues:

The rules of religious obligations are classified into: Waajib (obligatory), Mandoob (commendable), Jaa’iz (permissible), Makrooh (disliked) and Mahdhoor (prohibited).

What is the ruling on a person who denies one of the mentioned rules by saying instead that:
1- The obligatory is rather commendable, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
2- The commendable is rather obligatory, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
3- The permissible is rather obligatory, commendable, reprehensible or prohibited;
4- The reprehensible is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or prohibited;
5- The prohibited is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or reprehensible.

For instance, the knowledgeable scholars said, “It is Makrooh that people should be entertained with food served by the family of the deceased, because this is legitimate only in the time of happiness, not sorrow; it is a loathsome Bid‘ah (innovation in religion).”They also said, “It is Makrooh to serve food on the first, second and third days, until a week passes.” They also said, “The four Imaams (Aboo Haneefah, Maalik, Al-Shaafi‘ee, and Ahmad) are agreed that it is Makrooh that the family of the deceased should make food for the people to gather and eat,” and similar scholarly opinions.

However, in our town, Pattani, most of the scholars stated the opposite of the previously mentioned; some of them said it is Sunnah; others said it is permissible; and a few of them said it is obligatory. Hajj ‘Abdullaah Al-Haj Muhammad Saalih, `Abdul-Rahmaan Jafakiya and I hold the same opinion of the former knowledgeable scholars.

Thus, because of this issue they accuse one another of Kufr (disbelief), they do not eat from one another’s sacrificed animals; nor do they marry from one another’s families. I wish Your Eminence would send us a written Fatwaa so that we can print and distribute it freely among all the people, In sha’a-Allaah (if Allaah wills).

Answer: First: the authentic Sunnah indicates that the family of the deceased are not the ones who should make food, but it is their Muslim brothers who should make food for them as a form of support and showing condolences, as they might be too grieved to think of food… read more here.

Judging the People of the Book who do not believe in the mission of Muhammad to be Kuffaar

Question: The Glorious Qur’aan explicitly declares the People of the Book to be disbelievers except for those among them who have believed in the Message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) (i.e. the Qur’aan). The Jews claimed that ‘Uzayr (Ezra) is the son of Allaah, whereas the Christians claimed that Jesus Christ is the son of Allaah, on account of which the Qur’aan has explicitly declared them to be disbelievers, stating (what means): Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allaah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).”

In spite of the above-mentioned decisive textual evidence, some scholars claim that the People of the Book are not disbelievers and are to be called the “People of the Book” and nothing more. Please, enlighten us on this issue.

Answer: Those who hold such a view are disbelievers, for they deny the explicit texts in the Qur‘aan and Sunnah judging the People of the Book to be disbelievers. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Rendering Haraam as Halaal and Halaal as Haraam

Question: A dispute has arisen between our Muslim brothers in Turkey, regarding the Hadeeth that states, “Whoever renders Haraam (the prohibited) to be Halaal (lawful) and Halaal to be Haraam has become a Kaafir (disbeliever).” If a person renders Haraam as Halaal or vice versa, will they be considered as a Kaafir or a sinner? What does the word “Kafara (become a Kaafir)” mean in the Hadeeth or is there no difference between its meaning and the meaning of the word “Kaafir”? We hope that Your Eminence will give us a convincing answer regarding this Hadeeth.

Answer: Firstly, we do not know the basis of this Hadeeth and none of the well-known Imaams (compilers of Hadeeth) related it, whether by a Sanad (chain of narrators) that is considered Saheeh (authentic) or Da`eef (weak). In this case, it is not to be relied or acted upon… read more here.

Ruling on women who are scantily dressed

Question: Is it permissible to consider scantily-dressed women as Kuffaar (disbelievers), for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said about them: They will not enter Jannah (Paradise) or even smell its fragrance… ?

Answer: If the woman believes that this is lawful, after being advised and informed of the ruling, she is considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)… read more here.

Cursing Time

Question: Do not curse time, as I am Time; I turn around… Is this a Hadeeth? If so, is this its authentic text? What does it mean?

Answer: Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim related on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Mocking Hijaab

Question: What is the ruling on someone who mocks a Muslim woman wearing the proper Islaamic Hijaab (veil) or describes her as being a ghost or a moving tent and other such insulting words?

Answer: Anyone who mocks a Muslim man or woman for adhering to the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) is a Kaafir (disbeliever), whether the object of ridicule is Islaamic Hijaab or any other matter of Islaam… read more here.

The excuse of being ignorant in insulting and fighting religious rituals

Question: The issue of (insulting religion): Can we immediately judge a person who insults religion to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)? What is the ruling on women and children who insults religion?

(2) The issue of (excuse for ignorance): about ridiculing the beard, the Niqaab (face veil), the Qamees (long shirt), or the Muslims; also the issue of insulting religion: Can people be excused for being ignorant if they commit these things?

(3) The issue of (excuse for ignorance): about matters related to worshiping graves or Taaghoot (false gods). Can the people who worship graves and Taaghoot be excused for being ignorant in this regard? We would like you to guide us to the truth on this issue and also on the issue of (fighting religious activity): Are those who are employed for that purpose excused for being ignorant in this regard?

(4) The process of argumentation against a Muslim who offers sacrifices to other than Allaah, or invokes other than Allaah, or helps tyrants: Can any Muslim who has knowledge about these issues argue against those who do such things? Are there any other conditions for establishing evidence against them?

Answer: Firstly: Inviting others to the Way of Allaah must be done with wisdom, good admonition, arguing with them in the best constructive way. This is an obligation enjoined by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law). Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Insulting religion and building Masjids over graves

Question: What is the ruling on those who commit blasphemy? What if they are first degree of kinship such as the father or the brother? What is the ruling on shrines like Ibraaheem Al-Dusuqee, Al-Sayyid Al-Badawee, Al-Husayn, etc. What about the Masjids (mosques) built around these graves? Do they fall under the Prophet’s Hadeeth, Allaah curses the Jews and the Christians, for they have taken the graves of their Prophets as places of worship. ?

Answer: First, blasphemy is an act of apostasy if a blasphemer is a Muslim. It is the duty of whoever knows that to forbid the Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) and advise them for they hopefully may accept the advice, stop doing Munkar, and repent to Allaah… read more here.

Types of Kufr

Question: Kindly, cite all the cases whereby a person is judged to be a Kaafir (disbeliever), outside the Deen (religion) of Islaam. What is the ruling on a person judged as such? Please, give a brief account on Riddah (apostasy), the lower degree of Kufr (disbelief) and love and hate of such a person for Allaah’s Sake.

Answer: The Mukaffiraat (Crimes, the perpetration of which make one a disbeliever) that place a person outside Islaam are many, among them are the following… read more here.

Tearing the Mus-haf

Question: What is the legal ruling on a man who takes hold of a Mus-haf (Qur’aan-book) and starts tearing it page by page despite being fully aware that it is a Mus-haf, and despite being warned by another man standing beside him that it was a Mus-haf? Moreover, what is the ruling on a man who extinguishes a cigarette on the Mus-haf?

Answer: By doing so, they are both judged to be disbelievers, for insulting and desecrating the Book of Allaah (Exalted be He). Their behavior comes under the same ruling as the mockers of its authority… read more here.

Ruling on someone who insults religion

Question: What is the ruling on someone who testifies: “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah,” performs Salaah (Prayer) and all the other religious obligations, but, when they are angry or in a discussion with a certain person, they say some words that I am ashamed to mention or say, except in this type of situation that necessitates me to do so to explain the situation. The things that are said are such as: “Damn your Lord’s Religion” and other similar phrases. Is someone who says such things obliged to perform Ghusl (a ritual bath) and are their deed nullified? Please explain this matter to us.

Answer: What you mentioned about the person saying: “Damn your Lord’s Religion,” this takes them out of Islaam. It is obligatory that they should be advised and guided with wisdom, good advice, and the best arguments, so Allaah may guide them and they will stop saying such things in the future… read more here.

Eating from an animal slaughtered by someone who curses Allaah and the Messenger

Question: Some people do not practice Islaam at all. They do not recite Qur’aan or even know one Aayah of it. They do not offer Salaah (prayer) nor pay Zakaah (obligatory charity). They even curse the religion and the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). What is worse is that they curse Allaah, daily, yet still claim to be Muslims who testify that there is no deity except Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger. Is it permissible to eat the meat of their slaughtered animals, even though in our society there are so many of such people.

Answer: First of all: Abandonment of Salaah and denying its obligation is an act of Kufr (disbelief) according to Ijma‘ (consensus) of scholars. Similarly, the abandonment of Salaah due to laziness and carelessness is also an act of Kufr according to the more preponderant of the two opinions held by the scholars… read more here.

Disbelieving in the Qur’aan and mocking bearded Muslims

Question: What is the ruling on the following categories of people in terms of belief and disbelief?
1- Who says that he does not believe in the Noble Qur’aan or in a verse of it.
2- A person who says that he believes his mind only.
3- A person who says to another, ‘You committed apostasy’ by going out with a girl displaying her charm.
4- A person who says: ‘I am in no need for such-and-such Tafsir (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan).
5- A person who acts as Imaam for his family in Friday Prayer at home and delivers a sermon claiming that he offers Friday Prayer at home. Is his Prayer valid?
6 – A person who says to another, ‘Why do you not let the sideburns grow instead of the beard?’ Does he scorn the Sunnah? The Prophet (peace be upon him) says: Let the beards grow.
7- If a person committing the previous sins is persistent and denies to repent, does he become a disbeliever for his rejection to the Qur’aan and Sunnah?

Answer: First: A person who says that he does not believe in the Noble Qur’aan or in a verse thereof or that he believes only his mind regardless of the Sharee`ah, should be told that this saying is an act of disbelief. If he persists in saying it, he is apostate from Islaam… read more here.

Insulting the Qur’aan and Hadeeth and obtaining unlawful gains

Question: The questioner’s father works as a public servant in the Egyptian government. He accepts bribes and insults Qur’aan and Ahaadeeth. If the Aayaat speaking of Hijaab (veil) are mentioned before him, he says: “Abandon this extremism!” Sometimes he performs Salaah (prayer) in the Masjid (mosque), sometimes in other places. He may also combine the prayers at one time. As for the questioner’s mother, she does not pray at all, but his sisters pray. Is he permitted to live with them? What is the ruling on eating and living off the money earned by this father? Please, give us your legal opinion!

Answer: Insulting Qur’aan and authentic Ahaadeeth is an act of Kufr (disbelief) that puts the doer outside the pale of Islaam. Abandoning Salaah intentionally is also an act of Kufr. As for accepting bribes, it is one of the major sins… read more here.

Insulting religion

Question: I am living in a house where a man resides with me. He shaves his beard from time to time, lies, and blasphemes. To sum up, he is suffering some signs of hypocrisy, may Allaah protect us! It happened that he blasphemed by insulting religion seven or eight times in ten minutes. Is it permissible to greet him with the salutation of Islaam while I hate him? Should I greet him back when he greets me? Please, tell the legal decision?

Answer: According to the legal texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and the consensus of opinions, blasphemy – Allaah forbid – is an act of open disbelief. Allaah says… read more here.

Nullifiers of Islaam

Question: After establishing the five Pillars mentioned in the Hadeeth, is there anything other than Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) that can render someone a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Islaam means to testify that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, to establish Salaah (Prayer), to give Zakaah, to perform the Sawm (Fast) of Ramadan, and to perform Hajj to the Ka`bah if one is able to do so… read more here.

Making up for missed acts of worship during Riddah

Question: It is said that verbal Riddah (apostasy) takes place by uttering words to that effect such as insulting one’s religion. It is also said that one who apostatizes in word through such insulting or the like annuls whatever good deeds that preceded that apostasy like Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (fasting), Zakaah (obligatory charity), etc, or a vow that was made. Is that person obliged to make up for what was missed or what was annulled because of Riddah or not? If the answer is in the affirmative, should he make up for missed days of fasting consecutively or not?

Answer: Types of Riddah were pointed out earlier; and it is not a condition for it to occur that the Murtad (apostate) says, “I apostatize from Islaam.”… read more here.

Verbal, practical and doctrinal forms of Riddah

Question: It is said that Riddah (apostasy) may be committed either by words or actions. I hope that you briefly clarify for me the verbal, practical and doctrinal forms of Riddah.

Answer: Riddah is reverting to Kufr (disbelief) after accepting Islaam. It may be by word, action, erroneous belief or doubt. Consequently, whoever associates other partners with Allaah; denies His Lordship, His Oneness, one of His Attributes or some of His Books or Messengers… read more here.

Insulting Allaah

Question: Among the widespread major sins common in our country is insulting Allaah. What is the legal decision on that? Will a wife of the wrongdoer be divorced even if he denies committing the sin? Please, give us a Fatwaa, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: Insulting Allaah is one of the major sins. It is apostasy from Islaam. Whoever does that should haste to repent, seek forgiveness and do a lot of good deeds. If they sincerely repent to Allaah, He will forgive them and their wives will be back again to them in marriage… read more here.

Ruling on insulting Allaah’s Being

Question: I am a Muslim lady living in Denmark with my Muslim husband, and we have three children – praise be to Allaah! To maintain my privacy, I will give my name as M.M.M. In a moment of violent anger, I insulted the Being of Allaah, the Most High, the Omnipotent. Since then, my husband has refused to talk to me. He claims that I am an apostate, and that Allaah has nullified my marriage contract; prohibited him from eating meat from any animal I may sacrifice, me from inheriting, anyone from performing the Funeral Prayer for me, my dead body from being washed, shrouded, and buried, and so my body will be left to tempt stray dogs; and my wealth can be plundered by Muslims. I am feeling the deepest regret for what I did, as this is the first time in my life to do such thing. I am cultured and knowledgeable person – praise be to Allaah! – and I know that what I did was detestable. I was advised to write to you concerning my Tawbah (repentance to Allaah). Can I perform Tawbah? And is it permissible for my husband to take me back after what happened, and how should this be done? May Allaah set right your conditions!

Answer: There is no doubt that insulting the Being of Allaah (Glorified be He) is an act of Riddah (apostasy) that takes the one who does it out of the fold of Islaam… read more here.