Reciting Qur’aan at night for wages

Question: Is it permissible or not to stay up through the night during Ramadaan with people who are paid to devotionally celebrate the nights of Ramadaan? Is it Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited)? Please support the answer with evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, because I stay up the nights of Ramadaan with some people every year and I have decided to stop doing it this year until I know the evidence. Please advise me and may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) orders His servants to worship Him and encourages them to recite His Book and study it, which is all the more stressed during the nights of Ramadaan. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Anyone who stands the night in prayer during Ramadaan out of Eemaan (faith) and hoping for Allaah’s Reward, their previous sins will be forgiven.” When the last ten days of Ramadaan arrived, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would stay up all night in worship and encouraged his family and his Ummah (nation) to do the same… read more here.

Singling out some days for performing acts of worship

Question: What is the ruling on choosing the nights of the fourteenth and the twenty seventh of Ramadaan as festivals before `Eed Al-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast), and studying and meditating in them, while excluding the rest of the month?

Answer: As for the fourteenth day, it is groundless to dedicate it to `Ibaadah (worship) while excluding the rest of the month. As for the twenty seventh night, there is no harm in seeking Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) on that night. However, a Muslim should seek it in the odd nights of the last ten days in Ramadaan, as it has great merit… read more here.

Fasting on the day of `Eed

Question: What is the ruling on someone who fasts on the Day of ‘Eed despite knowing that it is the Day of ‘Eed?

Answer: It is not permissible to fast on the Day of ‘Eed based on the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeths reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that forbid observing Sawm (Fast) on the days of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) and ‘Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice). Muslim scholars have agreed by Ijma‘ (consensus) on the prohibition of this. Anyone who does this should make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and resolve never to do it again… read more here.

Sleeping all day during Ramadaan

Question: Is it valid for a person observing Sawm (Fast) to have Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast) and perform the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, then sleep till the time of Duhr (Noon) Prayer, then wake up to pray then sleep till `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer, then wake up to pray `Asr then sleep till the time of Iftaar (breaking the Fast)?

Answer: If the circumstances are as you have mentioned, then your Sawm is valid. But continuously sleeping during the day of Ramadaan is a form of negligence as Ramadaan is a special time that one should benefit from by reading the Qur’aan, seeking sustenance, and learning… read more here.

Ruling on Sawm of those who are always travelling

Question: I am a businessman constantly travelling to earn a living. I combine Salaah (Prayers) during my journeys and I do not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan. Am I permitted to do so or not?

Answer: While travelling, you are permitted to shorten any four-Rak`ah Salaah (Prayer consisting of four units). You are also allowed to offer the Duhr (Noon) and the `Asr (Afternoon) Prayers at the time of one of them, and the same applies to the Maghrib (Sunset) and the `Ishaa’ (Night) Prayers… read more here.

Non-observance of Sawm by a traveller staying for some days abroad

Question: Is it permissible for a traveller not to fast during Ramadaan while staying for several days in a city similar to the allowance made for a traveller to shorten the prayers?

Answer: Yes, a traveller is allowed not to fast while travelling, as they are allowed to shorten the prayer on a journey or while staying in a city for a maximum of 4 days. If however the person intends to remain somewhere for more than four days, then they must offer prayers in full and fast Ramadaan according to the opinion of most scholars… read more here.

Observance or non-observance of Sawm for a traveler to perform `Umrah

Question: During the month of Ramadaan, some Muslims need totravel to perform `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) or for various other reasons. Is it better for the fasting person to fast or not to fast while traveling to perform `Umrah? I hope to receive your answer in detail regarding this issue. I would also like to know whether it is better for someone who is performing `Umrah to stay as long as possible in order to pray as many of the obligatory prayers as they can at Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), or to travel directly to their country after completing the `Umrah.

Answer: Firstly: It is an act of Sunnah (a commendable act) not to fast while travelling to perform `Umrah during Ramadaan, as Allaah has made a concession for travellers exempting them from fasting. Allaah loves that His servants accept His concessions just as He hates that they disobey him in what He has prohibited them from doing. However, if someone chooses to fast, they are not to be blamed for doing so… read more here.

A traveller abstaining from all that breaks Sawm upon reaching his homeland

Question: A man broke his Sawm (fast) while on a journey. What should he do upon reaching his home country; observe Sawm or unobjectionably eat? Please provide evidence!

Answer: Breaking one’s Sawm while on a journey is a Rukhsah (concession) Allaah enacted to alleviate the suffering of His servants. Therefore, once the cause behind enacting such a Rukhsah is no longer in effect, it becomes consequently ineffective… read more here.

Observance or nonobservance of Sawm during travel

Question: Which is better, observing Sawm (fasting) or breaking Sawm while travelling?

Answer: Many Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeths which reported the sayings and the deeds of the Prophet (peace be upon him) proved that it is better for a traveller to break Sawm, whether there is hardship in travel or not. However, it is permissible for a traveller to observe Sawm. It was narrated by Imaam Muslim (may Allaah be merciful to him), from Hamzah ibn `Amr Al-Aslamee that he said… read more here.

The conditions of the concession to break Sawm in travel

Question: Does the exemption that allows a traveller not to fast during Ramadaan while they are travelling stipulate that one must be travelling on foot or riding a pack animal? Is there any difference between travelling on foot or riding a pack animal, and travelling by car or plane? Is there a condition that states that the difficulty of the travel must be more than the fasting person can endure? Is it better to fast while travelling if one is able to do so?

Answer: If one is travelling a distance whereby they are allowed to shorten the prayer, then they are also allowed to break their fast – whether they are travelling on foot, or by any other means such as by car, plane, etc. A traveller is also allowed to break their fast regardless of whether they face hardship, hunger or thirst. This is because Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) has made allowances for anyone who is on a journey equal in distance to that whereby a person may shorten their prayers. These allowances include not being obliged to fast during Ramadaan, and being allowed to shorten prayers… read more here.

The distance allowing shortening Salaah during travel

Question: I own a vineyard that is about 500 kilometers out of the town. Is it permissible for me not to observe Sawm (fasting) during the daytime of Ramadaan during my travels to and from my vineyard, bearing in mind that I have an air-conditioned car, and to make up for the days of Sawm that I missed during the winter?

Answer: If the situation is as you mentioned, that there is a far distance between your vineyard and the town, it is permissible for you not to observe Sawm when you are travelling during the daytime of Ramadaan and to make up for the days that you missed before the next Ramadaan, whether this is done in the winter or another season, because of the generality of the meaning of Allaah’s Words (Exalted be He)… read more here.

The duration of shortening Salaah

Question: I moved from my country to another country travelling a distance that allows the shortening of Salaah (Prayer). I stayed there for three days. I had intended to stay that period before I started the journey. Should I observe Sawm (fast), if I went on this journey during the month of Ramadaan? Should I shorten Salaah or complete it?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned; you travelled a distance of shortening Salaah then stayed there for three days given that you had that intention before you travelled, then it is permissible for you to break your Sawm and to shorten the four-Rak`ah Salaah (Prayer consisting of four units) during these three days… read more here.