Is it permissible for a person to begin I`tikaaf at any time?

Question: Is it permissible for a person to begin I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) at any time other than the last ten days of Ramadaan?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to begin I`tikaaf at any time, but the best time is the last ten days of Ramadaan in keeping with the tradition of Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) and his Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) began I`tikaaf during the month of Shawwaal in some years… read more here.

How to spend Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) in worship?

Question: How to spend Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) in worship. Is it by offering Salaah (Prayer), reciting the Qur’aan, reading the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography), listening to lectures and lessons, or celebrating it in the Masjid (mosque)?

Answer: Firstly, the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to be exceptionally diligent in his worship during the last ten days of Ramadaan, more than at any other time, praying, reciting the Qur’aan, and supplicating. It was reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased upon her) that… read more here.

Specifying a day to observe I`tikaaf

Question: Is it permissible to single out a certain day for observing I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid)?

Answer: It is impermissible to single out a certain day for observing I`tikaaf. However, one should be keen to observe it during the last ten days of Ramadaan following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

I broke my fast because I thought that day was the first of Shawwaal when one is not permitted to fast

Question: I am a resident of Kuwait and was observing I`tikaf (seclusion in the mosque for worship) during the last ten days of Ramadaan. When I heard that the sighting of the new moon (of Shawwaal) in Saudi Arabia and other countries had been confirmed, I ended my I`tikaaf. I went home, had sexual intercourse with my wife and broke my fast because I thought that day was the first of Shawwaal when one is not permitted to fast. What is the legal ruling in this case? What compensation should I and my wife pay? Would you kindly advise and cite the proofs? May Allaah reward you!

Answer: You did the right thing when you broke your Sawm (fast) on Friday and ending your I`tikaaf because it is the day of `Eed-ul-Fitr. The sighting of the crescent of Shawwaal was confirmed on the night of Friday. It is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he stated… read more here.

Hadeeth: “Whoever does I’tikaaf of one day for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will keep him away from Hell-fire at a distance of three trenches…”

Question: Who narrated the following Hadeeth Whoever practices I’tikaaf of only one day for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will keep him away from Hell-fire at a distance of three trenches, the distance of each trench is like the distance between the East and the West’. And what is the degree of the Hadeeth in terms of authenticity? If a person wants to observe I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a mosque during Ramadaan) for one day, when should he begin I`tikaaf and when should he end it? Similarly, if he wants to observe I`tikaaf for two days, when should he begin I`tikaaf and when should he end it?

Answer: The Hadeeth is Da’eef. I`tikaaf begins after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and ends at sunset whether a day or two… read more here.

Observing I`tikaaf inside the rooms of Masjid

Question: Is it permissible to begin I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) in the security office or in the Zakaah Committee room which are both in the Masjid (mosque)? It should be noted that the doors of these rooms are inside the Masjid.

Answer: The rooms whose doors lead to the Masjid take on the same ruling as the Masjid. If the rooms were outside the Masjid, then they would not be considered a part of the Masjid even if their doors lead to the Masjid… read more here.

What is the time of beginning I‘tikaaf in the Masjid and the time of ending it?

Question: When someone wants to observe I‘tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) during the last ten days of Ramadaan, what is the time of beginning I‘tikaaf in the Masjid (mosque) and the time of ending it?

Answer: Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim (may Allaah be merciful to them) narrated on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that when the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) wanted to observe I‘tikaaf, he would offer the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer then go to his place of I‘tikaaf. The period of I‘tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadaan ends with the setting of the sun of the last day of the month… read more here.

What are the conditions of observing the I‘tikaaf ?

Question: What are the conditions of I‘tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid)? Is Sawm (Fast) a condition of I‘tikaaf? Is it permissible for a Mu‘takif (one who observes I‘tikaaf) to visit a sick person, accept an invitation, tend to his family’s needs, attend a funeral, or go to work?

Answer: It is legislated to observe I‘tikaaf in a Masjid (mosque) in which congregational Salaahs are held. If the Mu‘takif is one of those for whom Jumu‘ah (Friday) Prayer is obligatory and the period of I‘tikaaf will include a Friday, it is better for him to stay in a Masjid where Jumu‘ah Prayer is observed. It is not a condition for the Mu‘takif to be fasting… read more here.