Fast of a menstruating woman who is purified before dawn

Question: What is the ruling on a menstruating woman who becomes pure before Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? Should she fast this day?

Answer: She should fast this day and perform Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity) even after the light of Fajr appears.Postponing performing Ghusl until after the light of Fajr appears does not affect Sawm (Fast) more here.

Is it permissible for a person to fast while in a state of Janaabah?

Question: Is it permissible for a person to fast while in a state of Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge) caused by intercourse with one’s spouse during the night or anything else?

Answer: The Sawm (Fast) of a Junub (person in a state of post-sexual ritual impurity) due to sexual intercourse during the night without taking Ghusl (ritual bath) until after daybreak is valid. Likewise, the Sawm of a Junub due to a wet dream that takes place during the day or the night is valid, even if making Ghusl is delayed until after daybreak. Only sexual intercourse that takes place between daybreak and sunset invalidates more here.

Sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: It occurred that during one of the days of the blessed month of Ramadaan, I was overwhelmed by desire and had sexual intercourse with my wife after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? What is the ruling on this?

Answer: As for the questioner who said that he was so overwhelmed by his desire that he had sexual intercourse with his wife after Fajr Prayer in Ramadaan, he is obliged to emancipate a believing slave, and if that is not possible, he must fast for two consecutive months. Again, if he is not able to fast, then he must feed sixty poor persons each a Mudd (a dry measure of half bushel, 543 grams) of wheat as well as making up for that day. As for the woman, she also has to make a similar Kaffaarah (expiation) if she was a consenting partner in the act of intercourse during the day in Ramadaan. If, however, this took place against her will, she will not be obliged to make up for that more here.

Causes necessitating making up missed days and Kaffaarah

Question: I would like to know the causes necessitating making up missed days in addition to the expiation when breaking fast in Ramadaan? I have studied the matter and found that there are two opinions:

The first: Only sexual intercourse requires the making up for the day violated along with an expiation. The evidence in support of this judgment is known from the Sunnah.

The second: Making up and expiation are required in cases of sexual intercourse and the intentional admittance of any food or drink into the stomach. However, I did not find any evidence in support of this opinion in the Qur’aan or Sunnah.

Thus, please provide a detailed answer supported by evidence of the Qur’aan and Sunnah. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: The Prophet (peace be upon him) judged that a Bedouin who had intercourse with his wife deliberately during the day in Ramadan must offer an expiation. Thus, he (peace be upon him) explained the basis for the judgment and stated the effective cause thereof. Muslim jurists unanimously agree that being a Bedouin has no effect on the legal ruling. Therefore, the same ruling of expiation should be applicable to this act regardless of the doer e.g. Turkish, Persian, more here.