Does Madhee (thin white viscid fluid) invalidate Sawm?

Question: One Ramadaan day, I sat beside my wife for about half an hour while we were both fasting. We were having fun with each other. After I left her, I found wet traces of a liquid on my pants discharged from my penis. Actually, this happened more than once. I would like to know if I am liable for Kaffaarah (expiation) for doing so.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, you do not have to make up for the Sawm of that day or offer a Kaffaarah, keeping to the basis that Sawm continues to be valid (as long as nothing has happened to invalidate it, i.e, since the discharge was Madhee [thin white viscid fluid secreted due to sexual thoughts or desire]), unless it is proven that the liquid you discharged was Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions that are released on orgasm), in which case you must perform Ghusl (full ritual bath) and make up for the Sawm of that day, but you do not have to offer a Kaffaarah..read more here.

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Ruling on smelling perfume or insecticide while fasting

Question: If a person is observing Sawm (Fast) and they smell perfumes or insecticide, does this invalidate their Sawm during Ramadaan or at any other time?

Answer:  Smelling perfumes or other substances does not invalidate a person’s Sawm, whether in Ramadaan or during a voluntary Sawm..read more here.

A fasting person forgetfully eating and drinking

Question: If one eats or drinks forgetfully during a day in Ramadaan, should one make up for the Sawm (Fast) of that day? The Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Anyone who forgets that they are fasting and eats or drinks…”? He (peace be upon him) also said: My Ummah (nation based on one creed) has been pardoned for what they do by mistake, forgetfully, or under duress.

Answer:  Anyone who eats or drinks forgetfully during the daytime in Ramadaan is not sinful and should complete their Sawm and not break it. Moreover, they need not make up for the Sawm of the day in question, according to the more correct of the two opinions maintained by scholars..read more here.

Blood coming out of a fasting person intentionally or unintentionally

Question: One day in Ramadaan, I accidentally touched my nose and this caused few drops of blood to come out of it. Does this bleeding affectmy Sawm? Is my Sawm that day counted or I am supposed to make up for that day?

Answer:  If the reality is as you mentioned, then your Sawm is counted and you do not need to make up for that day, as you have not done anything that might render your Sawm invalid..read more here.

Cupping and phlebotomy for a person observing fast

Question: Does cupping during the daytime in Ramadan invalidate the Sawm (Fast) of both the cupper and the one who is cupped? Should they break their Sawm and make up for the Sawm of the day in question at a later date? Please answer my question!

Answer:  The Sawm of the cupper and the one being cupped is invalidated by doing so. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The cupper and the cupped have broken their Sawm...read more here.

Masturbation of a fasting person

Question: If a Muslim is so sexually excited during the daytime in Ramadaan that he cannot help masturbating, does this invalidate Sawm? Does doing so necessitate making up for the day (or days) or offering a Kaffaarah (expiation)?

Answer: Masturbation during Ramadaan and at other times is Haraam. It is unlawful to do so based on the Saying of Allaah: And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts from illegal sexual acts). Except from their wives or the (women slaves) whom their right hands possess – for (then) they are not blameworthy. But whosoever seeks beyond that, then it is those who are trespassers. Anyone who practices it during the daytime in Ramadaan while fasting has to repent to Allaah and make up for the Sawm of the respective day. However, it does not necessitate Kaffaraah because it is prescribed specifically in the case of sexual intercourse..read more here.

Shaving hair and cutting nails during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: Does shaving one’s hair and cutting one’s nails during the day of Ramadaan render one’s Sawm (Fast) invalid?

Answer: Shaving hair, cutting nails, plucking out the armpit hair, and shaving pubic hair do not break one’s Sawm..read more here.

A fasting person using liquid perfume in a bottle

Question: Does applying liquid perfumes to hands, face, body or clothing invalidate one’s Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: Applying perfumes in the way mentioned does not invalidate one’s Sawm..read more here.

Making up fasts due to involuntarily vomitting

Question: If a fasting person vomits involuntarily during the daytime in Ramadaan, should they make up for that day?

Answer: Involuntary vomiting does not invalidate Sawm (Fast); consequently, experiencing it while fasting does not require that the day be made up because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever vomits involuntarily is not required to make up the fast, but whoever vomits deliberately, must make up the missed fast. (Related by Imaam Ahmad and the Compilers of the Sunan [Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, Al-Nasaa’ee and Ibn Maajah] through an authentic Isnaad [chain of narrators])..read more here.

Vomiting during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on the fasting person who has vomited and then swallowed a little of his vomit, though unintentionally?

Answer: If the fasting person has vomited deliberately, then his Sawm (Fast) is invalidated. However, if he could not help it, then his Sawm (Fast) is not invalidated. Similarly, Sawm (Fast) is not invalidated by his swallowing some of one’s vomit as long as it was not deliberate..read more here.

Washing the hair while observing Sawm

Question: An Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) of a Masjid (mosque) told me that if someone washes their head during the day of Ramadaan, their Sawm (Fast) will be broken because water will seep into the pores of the hair. What is your opinion on this subject?

Answer: Washing one’s hair while observing Sawm does not render that Sawm invalid. Water does not enter one’s body through the pores. Thus, whoever told you this is wrong as the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to wash his entire body while observing Sawm..read more here.

A fasting person applying kohl

Question: Does using kohl affect one’s fasting?

Answer: There is no blame upon the person who is fasting if they use kohl so long as it is not felt in the throat. If it can be felt in the throat, then the day of fasting should be made up just to be on the safe side and it is better if the person who is fasting avoids using kohl during the day while they are fasting..read more here.

Applying kohl or cosmetic creams during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: Does using kohl or cosmetic creams break one’s fast during the day of Ramadaan?

Answer: Using kohl or applying cream to the head while fasting does not invalidate one’s Sawm (Fast) in any way..read more here.

A fasting person being treated with injections, intravenous or intramuscular, during the day of Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on having injection during the daytime in Ramadaan, whether for nutrition or treatment?

Answer: It is permissible for a person observing Sawm (Fast) to be treated by injections, whether intravenous or intramuscular, during the day in Ramadaan. But it is not permissible to have nutritive injections, as they come under the same ruling as having food and drinks..read more here.

Diabetes injection during Ramadaan

Question: I am a diabetic and I have to have a hypodermic injection on a daily basis. When I do not have this injection my blood sugar level rises. To get straight to the point, is it permissible for me to have such an injection during Ramadaan? It may be worth mentioning that my health condition deteriorates every Ramadaan because I stop taking the injection. I thus remain at the hospital and break my Sawm (Fast) for about ten days which I make up later on. Please advise. What should I do bearing in mind that such an injection is not effective when it is taken during the night?

Answer: It is permissible for you to have the injection referred to in the question in the daytime without being required to make up for the Sawm of any days. However, if you can take the injection during the night-time without facing any hardship, this will be more proper..read more here.

Vaccinating students during Ramadaan

Question: All praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon the servant and Messenger of Allaah, our Prophet Muhammad, and upon his family and Companions!

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ read question no. 11/2704 that was sent in 29/8/1410 A.H. to the Chairman of the Permanent Committee by the General Manager of Education in Riyadh. This question was referred to the Permanent Committee by the General Secretariat of the Council of Senior Scholars under the number 5010 in 2/9/1410 A.H. The text of the question is:

We would like to inform you that the school health care units will launch a campaign, In-Shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills), to vaccinate students in the primary and secondary schools against meningitis in preparation for the season of Hajj (pilgrimage) this year. This campaign will be launched because of the circulated notice no. 32/148 that has been released in 8/8/1410 A.H. by the under-secretary of the Ministry of Education in response to the circulated notice no. 19/1184 that has been issued in 15/7/1410 A.H. by the under-secretary of the Ministry of Health.

Please inform us whether it is possible to carry out this campaign during Ramadaan and whether or not the inoculation will have any effect upon Sawm (Fast).

Answer: After studying the subject, the Committee finds that there is no problem in doing so. However, it would be better to do so during the night if it is possible..read more here.

Using eye drops during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: Is it permissible to use eye drops during the daytime hours of the month of Ramadaan?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible, as eye drops do not break one’s fast according to the most correct of the two opinions of scholars..read more here.

Giving injections during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: Suffering from some diseases, I visited the hospital where the doctor who examined me administered the required medicine that included intramuscular penicillin injections which I received in the morning and evening. I told him that I did not want to break my Sawm (Fast) and that I fear the injections would nullify my Sawm (Fast). However, he told me that this type of injection does not invalidate the Sawm (Fast). Thus, I continued to take the injections for two days in the morning and evening as specified by the doctor. However – and to my surprise- some colleagues told me that all types of injections invalidate one’s Sawm (Fast) and their use is Makrooh (disliked) during midday hours in Ramadaan, which made me very confused.

I hope that Your Eminence will advise me on whether they invalidate the Sawm (Fast), and whether I should make up for the two days which I took these injections; even though I used them without knowing that they invalidate the Sawm (Fast) and did so under doctors orders which I know for sure are instructed by hospitals regarding treatments. I hope you will reply promptly. May Allaah protect you and reward you with the best reward!

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, then there is nothing wrong in your taking these injections, and you need not make up for the two days which you took them. However, regarding such matters in the future, it is preferable to take this treatment in the evening, if possible, in order to be on the safe side..read more here.

Swallowing one’s saliva while fasting

Question: Does swallowing one’s saliva during the daytime in Ramadaan invalidate one’s Sawm (Fast)? My mouth produces too much saliva, especially while I am reciting the Qur’aan in the Masjid (mosque), which causes me embarrassment.

Answer:  Swallowing one’s saliva does not break one’s Sawm even if in a large amount, whether this happens frequently, and whether one is in the Masjid or elsewhere. However, if a person has thick phlegm, they should not swallow it; they should spit it in a handkerchief or tissue, if in the Masjid..read more here.

Intentionally eating during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on a fasting person who eats deliberately during the daytime in Ramadaan and then repents to Allaah? Is their Tawbah (repentance) acceptable?

Answer: Yes, their Tawbah will be accepted if all the Tawbah conditions are met, which are: feeling deep remorse for the sin committed, refraining absolutely from it and firmly resolving never to do it again..read more here.

Intentionally drinking water during fasting

Question: What is the ruling on intentionally drinking water during Sawm time on feeling very tired? Does doing so necessitate making up for the Sawm of that day?

Answer: Drinking water intentionally during the daytime in Ramadaan invalidates Sawm. Therefore, a fasting person who drinks water due to feeling extremely tired should make up for the Sawm of that day in addition to repenting to Allaah (Glorified be He)..read more here.