Saluting the leaders and the presidents like non-Muslims do

Question: What is the ruling on those who work for the Egyptian Army as a source of their sustenance where the military rules and regulations force them to salute one another as the non-Muslims do or in a manner unlike that ordered by Allaah and His Prophet. Also, they have to salute the state flag and submit to the Military laws instead of the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

Answer: It is not permissible to salute the flag. Rather, you should abide by the Islaamic Sharee`ah and resort to it for judgment. It is not permissible for a Muslim to salute leaders and presidents like the non-Muslims do for there are some reports that prohibit imitating them and saluting leaders in such ways is a kind of extreme glorification to them… read more here.

Saluting the flag, honoring officers, and shaving beards when in the army

Question: What is the ruling on saluting the flag, honoring officers, and shaving beards when in the army?

Answer:  Saluting the flag is not permissible; it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) and the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Anyone who does something in this matter of ours (the religion) that is not from it, it will be rejected. Related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. However, honoring officers, or anybody else, by paying them their due respect without being excessive is permissible… read more here.

Standing up as a way of honoring the national anthem or flag

Question: Is it permissible to stand in honor of a national anthem or flag?

Answer: It is not permissible for a Muslim to stand in honor of a national anthem or flag; this is a repudiated Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) as it did not happen during the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) or that of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs (may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Students standing up when their teacher enters the classroom

Question: It is reported that the Messenger (peace be upon him) came out leaning on a walking stick towards some of his Sahaabah (Companions). They stood for him and he said to them: Do not stand up as non-Arabs do to show respect to one another.

(A) What is the ruling on students standing up when their teachers enter the classroom?
(B) Is it permissible for people to stand up to greet and shake each others’ hands in meetings?

Answer: The best guidance is that of Muhammad (peace be upon him), and the worst matters are the Bid`ahs (innovations in religion). The best generation is the generation when the Messenger (peace be upon him) lived and those who came after them as it is authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Is it permissible to bow to greet a Muslim or a non-Muslim?

Question: We joined a Karate Club in America. The coach said: “You should bow when your opponent bows to you”. We refused and explained that this is against our religion. He agreed but said: “You should only gesture by your heads, for an opponent initiates a greeting by bowing and you should greet him back”. What is your opinion on this?

Answer: It’s not permissible to bow to greet a Muslim or a non-Muslim whether by the upper part of the body or with the head, because bowing is a religious act of `Ibaadah (worship) and `Ibaadah should be devoted to Allaah Alone… read more here.

Bowing or removing shoes to greet others

Question: Is it permissible to bow before a Muslim brother or to take your shoes off out of glorifying him upon greeting him? This was the habit of our forefathers. Therefore, I would like you to point out the truth for us.

Answer: It is not permissible to bow or take your shoes off to greet others… read more here.

Welcoming a coming person by Standing up and Kissing them

Question: What is the ruling on welcoming an approaching person by standing up and kissing them?

Answer: Firstly, With regard to standing up for an approaching person, Ibn Taymiyyah gave a detailed reply in this regard based on Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) evidence. It may be proper to cite these pieces of evidence here as they are of much benefit. He (may Allaah be merciful to him) said… read more here.