Question: Will you please explain the aforementioned comment of Shaykh Al-Islaam. Was his comment based on the fact that the Hadeeth was authentically reported on the authority of Imaam Ahmad (may Allaah be pleased with him) or due to the fact that the passive voice is used to imply its weakness, as is evident from the wording?
Answer: We explained the meaning in our answer to the third question. As for what was reported on the authority of Imaam Ahmad... read more here.
Question: Would you please give us your opinion on the letter sent by Shaykh Sulaymaan ibn Sahman to Shaykh `Alee ibn `Abd-Allaah ibn `Eesaa in which he refutes the claim of those who say that it is permissible to perform Tawassul (supplicate to Allaah through a means), such as by the rights of prophets and pious people and to ask their help. He stated that Shaykh Al-Islaam said that he knew no opinion permitting it, and that it is also not permissible to swear by our Prophet (peace be upon him), contrary to what was mentioned by Al-`Iz ibn `Abdul-Salaam, due to the evaluation of the authenticity of the Hadeeth.
Answer: Shaykh Sulaymaan ibn Sahman quoted that Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said, “I know no juristic opinion permitting it and it is also not permissible to swear by our Prophet (peace be upon him), contrary to what was mentioned by Al-`Iz ibn `Abdul-Salaam… read more here.
Question: What is your opinion regarding what Imaam Ibn Taymiyyah (Shaykh Al-Islaam) says in his book “Iqtidaa’ Al-Siraat Al-Mustaqeem”, “There is no disagreement among scholars except in respect to taking oaths by the Prophet (peace be upon him).” There are two juristic opinions cited from the Math-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of Imaam Ahmad. It is related that Imaam Ahmad said about the issue of Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by means) through the Prophet in Al-Maruthee’s book, “Mansak” that taking an oath by the Prophet (peace be upon him) is valid. However, the sound view states that taking an oath by the Prophet (peace be upon him) is invalid, and thus ineffective.
Imaam Ahmad also says in “Majmoo’ Al-Fataawaa” that if we do not ask Allaah by means of supplicating to them (prophets and righteous men) nor by means of our deeds, but by virtue of their personalities, that will not be a reason for answering our supplications. Therefore, we are performing Tawassul through a fruitless means. That is why we find no authentic report from the Prophet (peace be upon him) or even a narration transmitted from the Salaf (righteous predecessors) in support of this practice. However, in “Mansak”, Al-Maruthee related from Imaam Ahmad one supplication including Tawassul by the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Answer: What is reported by Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him) from the leading jurists in his two books on the topic is variance in wording while bearing the same meaning… read more here.
Question: Please clarify to us the difference between a believer and a Mushrik (one who associates others in worship with Allaah) keeping into account that there are some people who perform Salaah (prayer), Sawm (fasting), Hajj and all good deeds, but they make Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by prophets and righteous people. Is this permissible or not?
Answer: If a Muslim practices an act of Kufr (disbelief), such as invoking the dead to cure the sick, enlarge the provision or grant offspring, they will be out of the pale of Islaam. All their deeds of Salaah, Sawm and the like will be in vain if they die on this status. But if a believer commits a misdeed that is not tantamount to Kufr, like robbery or dealing in Ribaa (usury), their affair will be left to Allaah, if He wills, He may forgive them and if He wills, He may punish them… read more here.
Question: What is the ruling on reading the book entitled “Dalaa’il Al-Khayrat” by Imaam Muhammad ibn Sulaymaan Al-Jazoolee which contains daily Awrad (oft-recited invocations) that include beseeching and seeking to approach Allaah (Tawassul) by means of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and begging him for his Shafaa‘ah (intercession), such as saying, “O Muhammad! O our beloved! We are beseeching your Lord in your name, so please intercede for us with the Great Lord” and also, “O Allaah! We seek by his virtue his intercession for us with You; for he is the most eminent intercessor with You. We adjure You by him, as he is the greatest one to adjure You by his right. We seek to draw close to You through him, as he is the nearest means to You, descendant of the most noble origin.”
Answer: If this book includes Tawassul by means of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and seeking his intercession with Allah to have one’s requests granted, it is impermissible for you to read it, as Allaah says (what means): Say: “To Allaah belongs all intercession.” (Soorah Al-Zumar, 39: 44)… read more here.
Question: What is the ruling on a person who speaks words like, “In the name of or by the blessing of the Prophet, the shaykh, or the Qur’aan?” Is that person considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) or not?
Answer: First, Tawassul (beseeching Allaah in the name of or by) the blessing of the Qur’aan is permissible and not considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.
Question: Some scholars say that Tawassul (beseeching or seeking to draw close to Allaah) is a matter related to Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence) and not to ‘Aqeedah (creed). Is this true?
Answer: In making Du‘aa’ (supplication), to seek to draw close to Allaah and beseech Him (Tawassul) in the name of the honor of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him), or his person, or his status, is impermissible because it is a means leading to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.
Question: Can a person make Tawassul (beseech Allaah in the name of or by) through the Qur’aan and Islaamic sacred days, such as saying, “O Allaah! I ask you by the virtue of the Day of ‘Arafah” and so on?
Answer: It is permissible to make Tawassul by the Qur’aan, because it is the Speech of Allaah in word and meaning, and His Speech is one of His Attributes, so it is considered as beseeching Allaah by one of His Attributes, which does not contradict Tawheed (monotheism) or is a means to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.
Question: One Friday, the Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) who belongs to a Sufi order delivered the Khutbah (sermon), saying: “We should not say that Allaah is above us, below us, to our left, or to our right.” He, further, called people to perform Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through Allaah’s creatures, like the Prophets and Awliyaa’ (pious people). He learns the Qur’aan from people who do not perform the obligations enjoined by Allaah, destroying families, and shouting at people walking in the streets and beating them; and yet he calls them Awliyaa’. Do these claims represent the ideology of the unity of the universe, immanentism and other many Bid`ahs (rejected innovations in religion)? Is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind such an Imaam or even behind his Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer)? If not, is it permissible to offer the five obligatory daily Salaahs (Prayers) at home? Is it permissible to offer the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer in another Masjid?
Answer: Firstly, according to conclusive evidence, Allaah is above all of His Creation. He has risen over the Throne in a way that suits His Eminence. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.
Question: A dispute arose between a person and me. This person has memorized the Qur’aan and has already performed Hajj to the Sacred House of Allaah. The debate went as follows: I said: Making Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by the status of the Prophet and pious people is permissible as I have read in the book titled: “Al-Fawz wa Al-Najah fee Al-Hijrah ilaa Allaah”. He replied: It is impermissible to make Tawassul by any creature because Allaah says: And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). Allaah doesn’t need a mediator of any kind. Whoever makes Tawassul by Prophets or pious people is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship). He also repeated, “God forbid!”, many times in Moroccan dialect “what can Muhammad give you; we are the ones who help him by invoking blessings upon him.” Is it Riddah (apostasy) to utter such words or not? What about the formula of beseeching Allaah’s help by means of the Messenger or the Prophet as I have mentioned, is it lawful?
Answer: The case of the man you mentioned who rebukes people who seek help from the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death or make Tawassul by his status saying: “what can Muhammad give you; we are the ones who help him by invoking blessings on him”, is extremely indecent and improper for a Muslim to say… read more here.
Question: Some common people, upon rising from their seat, would prop themselves up on their hands and invoke, “Ya Jaah Al-Nabee” or “Ya Jaah Al-Rasool” (In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor, merit, virtue, status, etc.) , or “In the name of pleasing parents”. Scholars say that whoever utters such words is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship), because he is placing an intermediary between Allaah and himself. They base their view on the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), saying, “If you ask, ask Allaah; and if you seek help, seek it from Allaah…”
Answer: Calling, “In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor and status” or “In the name of pleasing parents” when standing up, is a form of supplicating the Prophet or one’s parents for assistance, which is an act of Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), we seek refuge in Allaah… read more here.
Question: Beseeching Allaah (Tawassul) by virtue of one of His creatures. This is a confusing issue for the Ummah (nation), but most of the scholars approved it, including Imaam Ahmad, the Imaam of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah), Ibn Qudaamah, Al-Nawawee, Al-Shawkaanee, Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaaanee ,Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab and many other scholars. Did Shaykh Muhammad support this or not? Where does the truth lie regarding this issue with certified evidence to refute the claim that no one condemned this except Ibn Taymiyyah and Al-Albaanee; the only two scholars who prohibited Tawassul in the name of any of His creatures.
Answer: Beseeching in the name of a person, virtue, status or right of creatures, whether they are prophets or righteous people is a subject of controversy among the scholars. The scholarly opinion of the Jumhoor (dominant majority of scholars) is prohibition, which is the opinion held by the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah and Shaykh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab... read more here.
Question: What are the rulings on the following: Using the Awliyaa’ (pious people) as a means of healing from illnesses, visiting graves, vowing to make sacrifices to the dead, and holding annual Mawlids (celebrations of the birth days) for the Awliyaa’?
Answer: It is forbidden to regard a Walee (pious person) as a means of healing from illnesses by saying, for example, “O Allaah! Cure my patient by the honor of so-and-so the Walee.” This is because it isa means that can lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and an innovated form of Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) that has no origin in the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)… read more here.
Question: I found contradictory and controversial Hadeeth in the book: “Shifaa’ Al-Siqam fee Ziyarat Khayr Al-Anam” by Shaykh Taqee Al-Deen Al-Subkee Al-Shaafi`ee, in the chapter on Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through the Prophet (peace be upon him) and seeking his help and intercession, specifically between pages 160 and 178. Please advise us about this book, especially the chapter on Tawassul.
Answer: Visiting graves is a Sunnah (commendable act) as the Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraged it and frequently visited them himself. It is done to gain warnings and lessons, to remember death, and to supplicate to Allaah to forgive and have mercy upon the dead Muslims… read more here.
Question: What is the Islaamic ruling on Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through prophets and Awliyaa’ (pious people)?
Answer: Tawassul through prophets and Awliyaa’ is a general term that includes many forms, each of which has its own ruling.
To clarify: Firstly: Asking a prophet or a Walee (pious person) while they are alive and present to supplicate to Allaah is permissible… read more here.
Question: What is the ruling on a Muslim who testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, but says in their Du`aa’ (supplication), “O Allaah! Grant me such-and-such from the good of this world and the Hereafter by the honor of the Prophet (peace be upon him),” “By the blessings of the Messenger,” “By the sanctity of Al-Mustafaa (the chosen one i.e. the Prophet),” “By the honor of Shaykh Teejaanee,” “By the blessings of Shaykh `Abdul-Qaadir,” or “By sanctity of Shaykh Al-Saanoosee”?
Answer: It is not permissible to perform Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) to Allaah by the honor, sanctity, or blessings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or by the honor, sanctity, or blessings of any pious people… read more here.
Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to make Tawassul (supplicate to Allaah through a means) by virtue of the status of the prophets and the righteous people? I came across some opinions of scholars that Tawassul through the Awliyaa’ (pious people) is permissible, for Du`aa’ (supplication) in this case is offered to Allaah. However, other scholars said otherwise. What is the Sharee`ah ruling on this matter?
Answer: A Walee (pious person) is someone who believes in Allaah, abides by His obligations and refrains from His prohibitions; the Messengers and the Prophets (peace be upon them) achieved the highest grade in this respect. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.
Question: There is a grave in our village which is said to belong to one of the righteous people. A house was built over this grave and there are two people appointed to take care of it. These people inherited this mission from their fathers. They tell people: “This night, the dweller of this grave said so and so and asked for so and so. They have attracted people’s hearts that live beside the grave. People believe everything that is said by these two people. Therefore, people make Tawaaf (circumambulation) around the grave, sacrifice animals for its sake, etc. What is the ruling on a person who thinks that this Walee (pious person) brings benefit or causes harm? Is it permissible to vow or sacrifice for the sake of this Walee? What should someone do if they know that these things contradict Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) especially if they live with these people?
Answer: The guidance of the Messenger (peace be upon him) in visiting the graves is clear in Saheeh Hadeeths (Hadeeths that have been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish)… read more here.