Is chemistry different from alchemy?

Question: I have read in some books that Al-Kimya’ i.e. chemistry; is a type of magic. Is this right? I also heard about a book written by Ibn Al-Qayyim, entitled: Butlan Al-Kimya’ Min Arba`ina Wajhan. I wonder whether it is unlawful to conduct experiments at schools and universities to study the elements and materials since chemistry is said to be a type of magic. I have conducted some experiments at school and found no aspect of magic therein unlike the intervention of Jinn (creatures created from fire), use of talisman, etc. Please advice.

Answer: The science of chemistry taught to students at schools is totally different to the alchemy that is regarded as an unlawful practice by scholars. They consider alchemy a type of magic, warn people against, and cite religious evidence in support of its invalidity… read more here.

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Testing the earth with modern equipment and instruments

Question: In light of the spread of the phenomenon of ground water prospecting and well digging in primitive ways relying on what they call “Al-Murzim” or “Al-Mosmi`” i.e. Those who reveal the existence of wells in a particular place. If Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` finds a good environment, they do not ascribe the knowledge of underground water passages to themselves but refer the matter to Allaah’s knowledge. If they find another environment, they indicate the underground streams of water, its paths, and colors of the earth layers which the digger will encounter and such like Ghayb (the Unseen) matters, which cannot be assigned to proficiency and experience. People are often fascinated by their sayings when they come true. Furthermore, I do not know anyone who does not rely on the statements of Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` and their like. Indeed, this belief is firm in the hearts of the people and even in the minds of many intellectuals. Although soothsaying and fortunetelling have been rejected in the creedal books, many continue to believe that the prohibition does not apply to Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` as they call them.

Therefore, we hope that Your Eminence will advise, guide, and clarify the ruling on this question with reference to those who die on this belief. Finally, what are the ways we can use other than Al-Musmi` or Al-Murzim and their likes?

Answer: If testing the earth is intended for discovering what is hidden in its depths by modern equipment and instruments based on experiments conducted on the layers of the earth and previous experience, it is not a part of soothsaying or knowledge of Ghayb, but it is a part of knowing the causes just as doctors diagnose the type of disease through modern medical equipment. Such cases are approved because they are in conformity with the laws of causality that Allaah places in the universe… read more here.

Talking to the dead

Question: I read in some of the books written by Shaykh Al-Islaam about talking to the dead. He said that it is Satan who comes out of the grave and talks to those who have come to him, and some other related things. Does the story of Mutarrif, which was mentioned by Ibn Al-Qayyim, belong to this category? Is there a limit for talking to the dead, if in fact it is Shaytaan who responds?

Answer: The souls of the dead approaching their graves on Thursday night or Friday morning, recognizing those who visit or pass them and greet them more clearly than other times, and meeting of the living with the dead on this day are all matters that belong to the Ghayb (Unseen), which is known exclusively by Allaah and therefore can only be known about through a revelation from Him to one of his prophets… read more here.

Using jinn and conjuring them by means of supplications and charms

Question: What is the phenomenon of conjuration, which is belief in the possibility of conjuring the spirit of a dead person through a medium? What is the attitude of Islaam toward this phenomenon? Is it a true phenomenon? Please support your answer with Aayaat, Hadeeths or authentic narrations.

Answer: This phenomenon is the known practice of using a Jinnee (creature created from fire) and conjuring it by means of invocations and charms practiced by a conjurer… read more here.

Going to charlatans for treatment

Question: My father is suffering from a chronic disease, we tried very hard to treat him but it was in vain. When doctors failed to treat him, the family resorted to some charlatans seeking a treatment. I refused and did not let them continue on this track, for I am sure that it is forbidden. I warned them that this is Haraam (prohibited), but they did not consider my warnings. They argued that I know nothing about the matter and that those charlatans are righteous people. They believe that this is religiously lawful. In fact, it was only when I was informed of the way they treat the patient that I became really against their acts. I know that their acts are baseless. Some of their ways are as follows:One of them asked my family to bring my father’s headdress. Thereupon, he described the disease of my father without examining him.

Another charlatan also says on seeing the patient: “O So and So! You have a good horoscope” exactly in this manner. A third one orders the family of the patient to slaughter a black sheep, collect some of its hooves or horns then put them inside the slain sheep and place it in an isolated area where no one can see or reach it. The charlatan also stipulates that the slaughtered animal should be kept out of sight, claiming that the influence of the treatment will be ineffective if anyone sees the slaughtered animal specified for treatment.

There are many other acts that some people believe. Therefore, I am sending my question hoping that you will clarify the ruling on this matter. I hope that Allaah, the Most High, the All-Powerful renders us from those who hear the word (Good advice) and follow the best thereof. And Allaah is the grantor of success.

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to go to charlatans for treatment. The ways of treatment you mentioned are charlatanic and superstitious. Their only aim is to unjustly seize people’s money… read more here.

Sufi Tariqahs and charlatanism

Question: There are many followers of Sufi Tariqahs (orders) these days who perform questionable acts, such as hitting the sick with Al-Shish (a thin iron stick) to cure them, eating glass, and piercing themselves with daggers. What is the legal ruling on these acts, bearing in mind that they claim to be Allaah’s Awliyaa’ (pious people) and consider such acts as Karaamahs (extraordinary events performed by a pious people)?

Answer: These acts are charlatanry or magic, and are used as means to deceive people; they are therefore Haram (prohibited)… read more here.

Consulting charlatans and wearing amulets

Question: A Muslim Arab doctor visited frequently by many people to whom he says: “You should know that recovery is up to Allaah Alone and I am just a reason leading to recovery.” He prescribes permissible medicines to them and some leaves to be soaked in water then drunk or an ointment to be applied. But I was against one of his prescriptions, as he told someone to put a piece of paper inside the skin of a donkey then to use it as an amulet to be protected from the affliction of Umm Al-Sibyaan (a female Jinnee ‘a creature created from fire’). What is your view on this? It should be noted that the piece of paper is hung only during the period of pregnancy then removed.

Answer: Firstly, it is not permissible to go to this man you mentioned because he is a charlatan… read more here.

The Awliyaa’ of Allaah and the Awliyaa’ of Shaytaan

Question: Among us are some members of a dervish order; one of them is a relative of ours. He is an illiterate man, not gifted by any agility or wit, but he drank a sip of water from the hands of the head of this order to be able to perform charlatan tricks and sorcery before the people. He can strike his stomach with every cutting weapon such as daggers, swords, pieces of wood, bullets, etc. He is neither a practicing Muslim, nor does he perform the obligatory acts of worship enjoined by Allaah such as Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fasting) and others.

Please clarify the opinion of Islaam regarding this matter. What is the secret of his ability to strike himself in this manner? Please reply in writing, as this phenomenon takes place in our country and in other Arab and Muslim countries as well.

Answer: Allaah sent Muhammad (peace be upon him) as the Final Messenger, on the authority of Qur’aanic texts and Ijmaa‘ (scholarly consensus), as Allaah says (what means)… read more here.

Weather forecast: Only a guess based on the universal Laws of Allaah

Question: The meteorological observatories say that the weather during the coming twenty four hours is expected to be sunny, cloudy, or accompanied by thunder storms. It might rain here or there, and there will be southern or northern winds, and so on.

Answer: Predicting weather conditions or forecasting winds, storms, clouds, or rainfall in some places is based upon knowledge of the universal laws of Allaah… read more here.

Knowing the time of solar and lunar eclipses through the calculation of planetary movements

Question: We have read what was published by Al-Madeenah Newspaper, Issue No. 5402 in 4/1402 A.H. that there will be a full lunar eclipse next Saturday. It will start from 8:30 PM and the partial eclipse ends on Sunday at 12:38 PM. The moon comes out from the penumbra of the earth at 1:37 AM. The phenomenon happened exactly as the Newspaper mentioned.

Answer: The times of lunar and solar eclipses are known through calculation of the planet movements by which we can know whether it is full or partial… read more here.

Relying on the calendar to determine the beginning of Ramadaan

Question: 1: What is the ruling on relying on a calendar to determine the beginning of Ramadaan?

Q 2: If the calendar shows that Sha`baan is twenty nine days, then on the twenty-ninth of Sha`baan it gets cloudy and rain falls to a degree that we cannot sight the new moon of Ramadaan and we don’t hear anything about it, should people begin fasting or not?

Q 3: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: We are an unlettered Ummah ‘nation’; we do not write or calculate. What is meant by this Hadeeth?

Q 4: The Messenger of Allaah said that whoever believes what the soothsayer says is a disbeliever in what was revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him), and Shaykh Aboo Bakr Al-Jazaa’iree explained that the sorcerer is someone who foretells the unknown future. So what is the ruling on the calendar which determines the whole year, day by day?

Q 5: The Messenger said that we should complete the month of Sha`baan thirty days when we are unable to sight the new moon of Ramadaan. Should we follow that method or the calendar?

Q 6: What is the difference between the stars and the calendar as far as Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) is concerned?

Q 7: The Qur’aan forbids following Taghoot (false gods), then what is the ruling on the makers of calendars?

Answer: Firstly: The Council of Senior Scholars in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have previously discussed the question of sighting the new moon by means of calculations, and issued a decree, which reads the following: The Council of Senior Scholars considered the matter of depending upon calculations in sighting the new moon, and all the relevant evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet)… read more here.

Reconciling science and religion in issues that appear to be contradictory

Question: How can we reconcile Deen (religion) and science when it comes to issues that appear to be contradictory to one another? For example, we know through Deen that stars were created for three reasons: beautification of the sky, missiles aimed at devils, and guiding signs. But in geography we read that they are a set of celestial bodies that have a special system in their rotation and what we see blazing and falling at night are meteors and shooting stars that exit from a certain gravitation to the gravity of the earth. Therefore, they burn and fall. The falling speed of these shooting stars is 45 miles per second.

Answer: It is only Allaah, the All-Knower; the All-Wise, Who revealed the Glorious Qur’aan and the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) to His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). He created the heavens and the earth and created everything and subdued it to achieve the purpose for which it was created. He knows the special characteristics and unknown things he gives to it. Therefore, there is no contradiction between what Allaah tells us or legislates and what He has created for His servants. All these things are compatible with each other. In other words, what Allaah says is compatible with scientific facts… read more here.

Speaking, supplicating, or whispering to stones

Question: What is the ransom that someone should offer if they happened to have talked to a stone when they were young and unaware of what is right or wrong? How could a stone hear people! What should they do after growing up and knowing the gravity of their actions? They hope for Allaah’s Forgiveness and Pardon and do not want to visit soothsayers and fortunetellers or prepare a meal for a stone that doesn’t even have a mouth to eat.

Answer: Speaking, making Du`aa’ (supplication), or whispering to a stone is an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Also offering a sacrifice or food to a stone is an act of Shirk… read more here.

Do astrologers know the Ghayb?

Question: Can fortunetellers tell the truth? Are they capable of knowing anything of the Ghayb (unseen)? Can magic affect a person?

Answer: Fortunetellers do not know the Ghayb. In fact, fortunetelling primarily depends on guessing and lying. It is, thus, prohibited, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Prediction of natural phenomena based on the positions of celestial bodies

Question: What is the ruling on those who predict the future by the stars, for example, if someone says: “If this star is in this position, there will be heavy rain?”.

Answer: Making predictions according to the positions of stars, as explained in the question, is not permissible… read more here.

Confusion between two Ahaadeeth regarding soothsayer and fortuneteller

Question: How can we reconcile the following two Ahaadeeth:

1Whoever visits a fortuneteller (`Arraf), asks him about anything, and believes in their words, their Salaah (Prayer) shall not be accepted for forty days.(Related by Muslim in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth)

2- Whoever visits a fortuneteller believing his saying has indeed disbelieved in the revelation sent down to Muhammad. (Related by Aboo Daawood)

Answer: There is no conflict between the two Ahaadeeth. As for the Hadeeth.read more here.

Consulting a person who claims knowledge of Ghayb

Question: On the eighth of Thul-Hijjah 1403 AH, I got married to my maternal cousin. On the first day of Ramadaan 1405 AH, Allah blessed me with a boy whom I called Moosaa. In Sha`baan, 1406 AH my wife miscarried a fetus after the third month.

In Rabee` Al-Awwal, 1407 AH, Allaah caused my son Moosaa to die. After my son Moosaa died, my maternal aunt, who is also my mother-in-law, came to me and said that she had gone to a man who has “knowledge of the book.” That man told my maternal aunt that a female devil is to be blamed for the death of my children, prompted by her envy and grudge of my wife. He further alleged that he could get rid of this female devil.

I did not listen to what she said. Last year, on the third day of Sha`baan, 1407 AH, Allaah blessed me with a daughter whom I called Masturah, but Allaah caused her to die the day she was born. My maternal aunt came again and blamed me for not going to the man she had mentioned before. She, along with my father, insisted that I should go to him. I asked them to wait a little, so that perhaps Allaah would guide me to something better. Praise be to Allaah, I finally decided to write this letter to you, in the hope that Allaah will enable you to advise us on this matter, knowing that it is causing me constant anguish.

Answer: You have done well by refusing to go with your maternal aunt – your mother-in-law – to a man who claims to have “knowledge of the book,” because he is a sorcerer. You have also done well by asking the people of knowledge for the right answer..read more here.

Consulting a doctor who treats patients with Arabic medicines

Question: Some people in our village go to a doctor for treatment. They ask him about the cause of their illnesses and he tells them that they were caused by this or that. Is this Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Please enlighten us and may Allaah enlighten you!

Answer: Consulting a doctor who treats patients with Arabic medicine is permissible, unless that person is a soothsayer, who claims to know the Ghayb (Unseen) or seeks help from the Jinn. If this is the case, it is not permissible to go to see him or seek his treatment..read more here.

Consulting those who claim to have knowledge of the Ghayb

Question: What is the ruling on sending a piece of clothing or a shirt to those who claim knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen) to use for determining an ailment and prescribing suitable treatment?

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to consult those who claim knowledge of the Ghayb. It is not permissible to send to them a piece of clothing, a shirt, or anything else. It is also Haraam to believe what they say, according to the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth that have been reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this regard..read more here.

Breaking spells using the method of numbers

Question: What is the ruling on a person who removes magic spells using numbers such as: 21, 31, 137, 121, 25; he looks at these numbers in a way which, he claims, belongs to Yoonus (Jonah, peace be upon him)? It should be minded that this man does not know how to undo magic. He claims he can conjure spirits, which enables him to know the zodiac of the person before him and whether he has been bewitched. If not, he says to him, “Your zodiac is zero” after having taken the name of the bewitched person and his mother’s as well. Is this practice permissible and attributable to Yoonus (peace be upon him), or is it against the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and have not been reported from the Salaf (righteous predecessors)? What is the ruling on a person who goes to those who claim to remove spells using this way and believes in its validity? Please reply with evidence.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, such a person is a soothsayer. There is no evidence that this method is attributed to Yoonus (peace be upon him). This is not Islaamically sanctioned and one should not consult these people, rather they must be denounced, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated, Whoever goes to a diviner and asks him about any matter, his Salaah (prayer) will not be accepted for forty nights. Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth. The Prophet (peace be upon him) also stated Whoever goes to a soothsayer or a diviner and believes what he says, has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad. Narrated by Imaam Ahmad and the Four Compilers of Hadeeth with a Saheeh (authentic) Isnaad (chain of narration).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) also stated Anyone who acquires any knowledge of astrology has acquired a branch of magic. Narrated by Aboo Daawood from Ibn ‘Abbaas with a Saheeh Isnaad..read more here.

Consulting diviners and soothsayers and wearing amulets

Question: Allaah has willed for me to write this message in which I ask for your advice and clarification with regard to an illness called epilepsy.

My mother suffers from this disease. She was possessed at first by Jinn (creatures created from fire). We brought her an Imaam who was able to exorcise Jinn possessing her. Then she suffered from epilepsy for a week. Whenever we brought the Imaam, she would be well. But when he left, she would return to the same suffering. Then she recovered and led a stable life for a period of time. It was not long before she suffered possession again by a female Jinnee (a creature created from fire). She suffered for about the same period of time. We brought the Imaam once again and he expelled the evil spirit. Then, she suffered again. We brought another Imaam who exorcised her again. This continued for a period of time, whenever she would suffer, we would bring someone to treat her.

Once, my mother asked me to bring the Imaam who treated her the first time. This man said that he was told by the female Jinnee that the room is filled with Jinn, so we moved her to another room. Unfortunately, she remained in the same condition. Then, she asked me to take her to some tombs. I did so but she remained in the same state. We took her to one merchant and he gave her some amulets and drugs. He asked her to wear some of the amulets, put the rest in some water before she washes her body therewith, and to take the drugs. There are still some Jinn in the room. I would like to know if doing this is correct or if it contradicts Sharee`ah (Islaamic law). Please guide me to the truth.

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to consult soothsayers and fortune-tellers. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

Giving soothsayers money to avoid their harm

Question: If a person tried to leave them (soothsayers), they might prevent him. So, is it permissible to give them money to avoid them? And if one is able to do without their medications and magic acts, is it permissible to salute them or should they be deserted all together?

Answer: Firstly, it is forbidden to give them money in return for their evil acts they do when one visits them. Yet, there is no harm in giving them money to ward off their evil... read more here.

Harm or benefit only by the Will of Allaah

Question: If it happens that a patient seeks treatment from such a woman or one of those who claim to practice ancient medicine, they deem that the patient, whether cured or not, has no choice except to continue treatment with them. They decide the mode of treatment for him; they might even prevent him from seeking treatment with somebody else. If he goes without consulting them, they think they can influence him, and they threaten him with diseases or insanity. The patient may submit to their command out of fear of their doing harm to him. Do they have the influence they claim to have?

Please advise, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: No one can harm or benefit anybody except by the will of Allaah. Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated… read more here.

Going to and believing soothsayers

Question: The second, third, fourth, fifth, and seventh questions of Fatwaa No. 8071

Q2: There is a woman here who performs all the obligatory acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and also the supererogatory acts, such as Qiyam-ul-Layl (optional Prayer at night), Salaat-ul-Duhaa (supererogatory Prayer after sunrise), and fasts for three days of every month. However, she goes to an Arabian woman doctor for treatment of her psychological illnesses. Is it permissible for her to go to that woman? What advice would you give her?

Q3: If this woman, who regularly performs the acts of `Ibaadah, dies in this condition, what effect will this woman going to have on her deeds?

Q4: Many people come to ask a woman called: “The Absent One,” about matters taking place far away from her. For example, a man goes to her in her village and asks whether his pregnant daughter, who lives in another country, has delivered yet. The woman always gives a decisive answer, whether yes or no, and never says “Allaah knows best.” Is it permissible to ask her questions such as this? Please advise us.

Answer – 2, 3, 4: It is Haraam (prohibited) to go to soothsayers and to believe them. Accordingly, it is not permissible to visit this woman, who claims to know the Ghayb (Unseen), because she is a Kaafir (disbeliever)... read more here.

Going to soothsayers for treatment

Question: What is the ruling on visiting soothsayers?

Answer: It is prohibited to go to soothsayers for the sake of treatment and the like even if someone believes that the cure is from Allaah Alone and visiting soothsayers is only a means. This is proved by explicit and authentic evidence reported in this regard... read more here.

Seeking healing from soothsayers

Question: I live in a village where most of the villagers seek healing from the soothsayers who treat them by talismans, scattered letters, and some vegetarian recipes which if they are mixed, would cause a very rotten smell. They also use something called “Hujbah” where a sick person has to remain hidden for more than 40 days in a black chamber and no one is allowed to visit him. They ask people to slaughter specific offerings such as a black goat or a black ox. Most, if not all of them, believe that soothsayers are aware of those who mention bad things about them and will punish them with sickness and insanity.

They trace back the causes of some diseases to the revenge of the soothsayer. I want to tell Your Eminence that the issue of their confidence in the soothsayers is unquestionable; it is fruitless to argue with them over this blind attachment.

Now, is it permissible for me to accept the invitation of these villagers and eat the meat they offer in ceremonies such as feasts and marriage ceremonies? Likewise, am I permitted to share their food and assemblies? Do the acts mentioned drive them out of Islam or they are excused for their ignorance of the rulings of religion?

Answer: Firstly, If this is the case, they are Kuffaar (disbelievers) and whoever goes to them seeking recovery believing in their soothsaying is a Kaafir (disbeliever) as well.

Secondly: It is not permissible to accept the invitation of these people or to eat the meat of the animals they slaughter in feasts, marriage ceremonies, and the like, for they are Kuffaar, and thus their slaughtered animals cannot be eaten until they sincerely make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah)… read more here.

Going to someone who claims to know place of the lost items by reading the Qur’aan and Hadeeth

Question: In your answer to my previous question no. 30, in Fatwaa no. 6505, dated 19/12/1403 AH., p. 4, you stated that going to fore-tellers is not permissible because they are sorcerers.

I wanted to mention that the people we go to are known for their adherence to the teachings of Islaam. They do not recite anything except the Qur’aan and Hadeeth in these matters, such as those I mentioned in my question. So what is the ruling on consulting them?

Answer: Simply reciting the Qur’aan and Hadeeth will not show them where a lost item is or bring it back. Anyone who consults someone who claims to know where lost items are, just by reading Qur’aan and Hadeeth is consulting a swindling soothsayer, even if they claim to be righteous and adhering to the Deen (religion)… read more here.

Going to soothsayers to identify a thief

Question: Sometimes we lose a sum of money or gold in the house and we think it has been stolen. We go to someone called “Al-Mukhbir” i.e. the soothsayer, and explain to him what has happened. He gives us glad tidings. Sometimes, what we lost is returned and sometimes it is not. What is the ruling on going to such people?

Answer: It is not permissible to go to him because he is a soothsayer. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited going to soothsayers and their like to ask them anything or believe in them… read more here.

Going to soothsayers, diviners, and sorcerers, and asking them about the Ghayb

Question: Some people claim that they treat the insane, establish the ties of intimacy or cause separation between spouses. It is said that they invoke Allaah for the barren to provide them with offspring. They have a lot of superstitions but their actions and beliefs are free from Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship).

What is the ruling on them and on the people who go to them? Could you please answer me! May Allaah guide you and help us benefit from your knowledge!

Answer: It is not permissible to go to soothsayers, fortune-tellers, and sorcerers, ask them about unseen matter, or believe in what they say. It is also impermissible to act according to their opinions because it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited going to them or believing them… read more here.

Going to and seeking the help of soothsayers and diviners

Question: There was a disagreement between two people over a religious matter. One of them said that they had heard that it is not a problem if someone goes to see a doctor to treat their illness, and if they are prescribed an ointment, a syrup, cauterization, or Hijaamah (cupping), they can use any one of these. They claimed that these things can be used, even if they are prescribed by a sorcerer as long as the treatment is Mubaah (permissible), because deeds are judged by intentions.

The other person disagreed, as they believed that consulting those who are knowledgeable in sorcery and trickery was nothing other than Kufr (disbelief) or a means of nullifying one’s good deeds, regardless of whether the treatment prescribed is Mubaah or not, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Anyone who resorts to a soothsayer or a diviner and believes what they say has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad. They maintained that if someone who is ill consults a soothsayer – even if they do not believe what they say – their Salaah (Prayer) will not be accepted for forty days, and this means that their good deeds will also not be accepted for forty days. We urgently need a Fatwaa from you to resolve this problem.

Answer: Going to soothsayers and diviners and the like, and seeking their help is not permissible, and believing in what they say is an even greater sin, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Going to those who seek the help of jinn to cure diseases

Question: Please be notified that I live in Zambia where there is a Muslim claiming to usethe Jinn. People visit him seeking treatment from their diseases by (the power of) the Jinn, is this permissible?

When I come to tell people that this is impermissible, they get angry with me. So, I hope that Your Eminence would kindly answer me as soon as possible.

Answer: It is not permissible for this man to use Jinn. It is also not permissible for people to go to him and follow his ways whether to seek treatment or to fulfill their needs. Instead, they may resort to permissible methods of treatment such as visiting doctors and taking permissible medication… read more here.

Seeking help from the jinn to fulfill one’s needs

Question: What is the ruling on Tandhir (Invoking Jinn and devils against someone to do him harm) like saying, “Take so-and-so” or “Harm them”? What is the ruling on someone who does that? I heard someone say that whoever seeks the help of the Jinn, their Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast) will not be accepted. In addition, when they die, funeral prayer should not be offered for them, their funeral should not be followed and they should not be buried in the Muslim graveyards.

Answer: Seeking the help of the Jinn and turning to them to fulfill someone’s needs, such as asking them to harm or benefit a person, is an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Funeral Prayer offered for soothsayers

Question: Is it permissible to perform the Funeral Prayer for a soothsayer or a foreteller when they die, if they used to perform Salaah (Prayer)?

Answer: If a soothsayer or a foreteller dies while known to be in that same state,and they still claim knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen), it is not permissible to perform the Funeral Prayer for them, even if they performed Salaah regularly… read more here.

Salaah behind an immoral soothsayer who claims to have knowledge of the Ghayb

Question: Is it permissible for a fortuneteller or a soothsayer to lead people in congregational Salaah (Prayer)? What is the ruling on offering Salaah behind an immoral fortuneteller who claims knowledge of Ghayb (the Unseen)? There is a group of scholars in South Africa who are fortunetellers, deceiving millions of ignorant Muslims and cheating them out of their money by sorcery, soothsaying, writing talismans and using the Jinn (creatures created from fire). Some Indians and Pakistani’s have some strands of hair which they claim belong to the Prophet (peace be upon him) which they use to deceive the people.They sell this hair in the district of Lance for 30 or 100 pounds. Is this permissible? We denounce this practice, so please advise!

Answer: A fortuneteller or a soothsayer who claims knowledge of the Ghayb through divining, calling upon the Jinn, and the like is considered a Kaafir (disbeliever), as Allaah states (what means)… read more here.

Ruling on dealing with soothsayers and diviners

Question: I am a Muslim woman. I am an orphan as my father and mother died a long time ago. I am 31 years old. I act upon the commands of Allaah and the commands of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) as much as I can. I have lived with my maternal grandmother since I was born and until now. My problem is that my grandmother is a diviner or a soothsayer. She slaughters animals for people other than Allaah and keeps the blood of these animals. Allaah knows what she uses it for. She asks people to bring chickens in order to take their feathers. She inflames incense and puts the scales of fish and other reptiles in them. Moreover, she believes that dead people can bring benefit or cause harm. She earns her living doing this. At the time, I was not able to differentiate between what is lawful and what is unlawful. I tried to stay away from what is unlawful including receiving and welcoming those who come to visit her. But this was in vain as I know what Allaah says in His Glorious Book and what is reported from the Messenger (peace be upon him) in this regard. Not only women deal with her but men as well. All my relatives believe her and are afraid to talk to her as she becomes angry with them. They said to me: “She is like your mother and she has the same rights of obedience as your parents do. Moreover, she is a very old woman and she will not live for longer than a few years.” I abstained from helping her with the housework and from eating with her fearing that I may be helping her with her work. Lately, I have not been talking to her or even greeting her. I know that a person is not allowed to greet Kuffaar (disbelievers). I read in one book that a person is not allowed to help these people even by giving them a piece of paper or a cup of water. Some of my relatives and sisters in Islam said to me: “If she gives you anything, take it and then you can throw it in the garbage and if she gives you money, take it and give it as charity.” The house where I live belongs to my grandmother and she has the right to permit anyone to visit her even those who are not Mahrams (spouse or unmarriageable relatives). She says to me: “I will not forgive you and I will call you to account before Allaah on the Day of Resurrection.” There is no other house to live in as there are no Mahrams who fear Allaah. No Muslim man has proposed to marry me as I have a dark skin and I have become old. I would like to know what I should do.

1- What is the ruling on behaving in such a way with my grandmother with regard to the housework, talking and eating with her?

2- Does she have the same rights as my parents or not, as I fear Allaah’s punishment in this regard?

3- Should I sever my ties with my aunts and relatives as they believe her in all that she does, though they know that this is prohibited and I have told them so? Moreover, they perform Salaah, but they are Mushrikoon (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) as they go to diviners and to the graves of Awliyaa’ (pious people).

4- Is it permissible to eat from the animals slaughtered by men who do so for the sake of this woman if the meat is lawful?

5- Is it permissible to eat from the animal slaughtered by a Mushrik who believes that Awliyaa’ can bring benefit or cause harm and those who commit Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

6- What is the ruling on eating from the food of those who receive sustenance from my grandmother?

7- Can I accept the presents she gives me for the sake of the Hadeeth of Asma’ when she accepted the present of her mother even though she was not Muslim?

8- Is it permissible to marry a man who performs Salaah (Prayer) but is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) for the reasons mentioned above?

9- Can anyone of my guardians who do not perform Salaah be my Walee (a legally accountable person acting for a woman regarding marriage) or not? What should I do if there is no Islaamic judiciary?

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to work in fortunetelling and soothsaying due to the Ahaadeeth reported in this regard… read more here.

Seeking help from the jinn to know the Ghayb and the ruling on hypnosis

Question: What is the ruling on a person who seeks help from Jinn (creatures created from fire) to know the Ghayb (the unseen), by means of,), for example, Darb Al-Mandal (Necromancy)?

What is the ruling on hypnosis through which the hypnotist possess power over the hypnotized and have the ability to dominate them and make them abandon a forbidden act, cure them from a psychological disturbance, or make them carry out their (the hypnotist) orders?

What is the ruling on saying “By the rank of so and so…”? Is this a sort of an oath or not? Please, advise us!

Answer: Firstly, knowledge of Ghayb is attributed only to Allaah (Exalted be He). None of His creation, whether Jinn or human, knows Ghayb except for what He reveals to whomever He wills from among His Angels or Messengers… read more here.

Ruling on fortunetelling

Question: When a baby is born, the father calls one of the shaykhs to foretell the newborn’s future through signs of zodiac and consult on its name. If a suggested name suits the baby’s future, the shaykh will be silent, otherwise he will ask for it to be changed, and it often happens that people here end up with multiple names. It is authentically related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered some offensive names to be changed; if a name is not offensive, is it permissible to change it?

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to foretell the future; it is regarded a type of soothsaying. It is also not permissible to change a name if it does not suit predictions, as this involves believing in soothsaying and what soothsayers do… read more here.

Consulting a practitioner of Arab medicine

Question: We know a man who treats sick people using a method called the Arab medicine. I will relate to you what happened to me with him: I went to him when I was ill. He took me to a dark room and started to recite some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) and mention the names of some righteous people. After that I heard the sound of a huge bird inside the room. I heard the sound of its wings without seeing it. Then, I heard a low voice calling my name and greeting me. I did not see anything but I felt a touch on my back during the examination and felt the pains of my severe disease. Then the same voice said to me, ‘Keep remembering Allaah and invoke Allaah’s blessings upon Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).’ After the examination, the voice said to me, ‘You suffer from such-and-such and I do not have its cure. You should consult the public health physician and stay at the hospital.’ Then I went to the hospital and stayed there and recovered by Allaah’s Will. This man has a vast experience in magic. There are some husbands who cannot consummate their marriage. Going to this man, he brings out some spells and throws them in front of the spellbound people who recover afterwards by Allaah’s Will.

The question in this regard is: Is going to this man considered an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), taking into consideration that he does not take money for this?

Answer: This man is a soothsayer and diviner, and the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade Muslims from going to, consulting, or believing diviners… read more here.

Salaah of a person who visits a diviner to consult them

Question: In Pakistan, there is a Shaykh who is apparently righteous, but Allaah knows best. This Shaykh says that he knows righteous Jinn (creatures created from fire) and speaks to them through a personwho suffered from epilepsy and then recovered. They exorcise the Jinn from epileptic people. The Shaykh says that he has a prison in which he imprisons the guilty Jinn through the help of righteous Jinn. He claims that they do not help him with worldly activities and that he is certified to teach Arabs, and that whoever wishes to learn how to deal with Jinn, should learn the following Athkaar (forms of Allaah’s Remembrance): ‘I believe in Allaah, the Ever-Great and disbelieve in Jibt (superstition) and Taaghoot (false gods) and grasp the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allaah is All-Hearer, All-Knower’. A person should say this seven times immediately after Salaah (Prayer) and before moving from their place. Then before going to bed, the person should cup his hands together and blow over them while reciting Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah (the second half of Tashah-hud i.e. invoking Allaah’s peace upon the Prophet), Soorah Al-Kaafiroon, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas, Soorah Al-Naas, the first five Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) of Soorah Al-Baqarh, and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, and then rub his hands against his body. He should repeat this practice for 41 days. If the person makes a mistake, they should repeat it all over again until the 41 days are over. Upon completion, a person should go to the Shaykh who nominates a group of ten males and ten females from Jinn to stay in the person’s company. He calls this group of Jinn from Makkah. The person neither sees this group nor hears their voices, but they follow his orders. However, they do not obey him in doing worldly activities like bringing or lifting something or the like. Jinn only protect him from other evil Jinn and if there is someone suffering from epilepsy, they arrest the evil Jinn possessing him. The Shaykh also says that if any of the imprisoned Jinn professes Islaam, he sends them with the group of good Jinn to Makkah. If the Jinn are faithful, they are allowed to enter Makkah but if they are liars, they are denied entry, becausethere are angels at the doors of Makkah who prevent the unbelieving Jinn from entering it. What is the detailed opinion of Your Eminence on this? What is the ruling on marrying a female Jinnee (a creature created from fire)? Does the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse): …then marry (other) women of your choice refer to human women in particular? As Allaah also calls the male Jinn “men”, so the meaning applies to them. By the same token, would the word ‘women’ be applied to both humans and Jinn? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: After examining the question, the answer of the Committee is as follows: The man you have mentioned is a diviner and soothsayer. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) forbade Muslims to go to, ask, or believe them even if they claim righteous behavior and devotion… read more here.

Predicting the Ghayb by drawing lines on the sand or the like

Question: Is it permissible to pray behind a learned person who claims knowledge of the Ghayb (the Unseen) by means of sand-reading? Is it permissible to eat from the meat of the animals they sacrifice or to shake hands with them?

Answer: Anyone who claims knowledge of the Ghayb, be it through sand-reading, reading in a certain book, astrology, or seeking the help of the Jinn and the like is considered a soothsayer… read more here.

Women going to soothsayers to become pregnant

Question: Some people advise those who have no children to, for example, buy a goat. They suggest the color of the animal e.g. Black, etc., and say: Tie it at home for such and such period. They claim that the reason they do not have children is a female Jinnee (a creature created from fire) called: “Al-Taabi`ah”. They claim that the presence of a goat at home will prevent that female Jinnee from entering the house and by doing that, pregnancy will take place. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: It is not permissible to do this. It is a type of soothsaying. Indeed, it is a baseless practice to which there is no proof to support it; it is but a lie and fabrication… read more here.

Salaah behind an Imaam who denies the Sunnah and commits Bid`ahs

Question: People in our town do not say Isti`aathah (Seeking refuge with Allaah from Satan), Tasmiyah (saying, “Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah]”), recite Du`aa’ Al-Istiftaah (opening supplication when starting the Prayer), or pause where the Messenger (peace be upon him) used to pause. Many of them, especially the Khateebs (preachers) shave their beards in addition to other Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) such as practicing soothsaying and issuing Baatil (null and void) Fatwas to please others. We have informed them of the Hadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) regarding Salaah (prayer) but they did not accept our advice and said: “This is what we found our fathers following”. Some Imams do not follow Allaah’s commands in bringing up their children. Their daughters go out without wearing Hijaab (veil) and without taking into consideration that their actions contradict Islaam. Khateebs do not forbid Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) committed by these people on Friday. They even narrate Hadeeth and recite Qur’aan before the Khutbah and before the Imaam enters the Masjid (mosque). They also say the Athaan (call to prayer) on Friday three times which is a prevailing phenomenon in our country. Those adhering to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) have advised them.


These practices are some of the Bid`ahs that they commit, which contradict what the Prophet (peace be upon him) has been sent with.


1: Is it permissible for a Muslim to perform Salaah behind these Imaams who commit acts of Bid`ah?


2. Is it permissible to perform Salaah behind an Imaam who denies the Sunnah? Some of them say Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) collectively after every Salaah in a loud voice and always recite a Hizb (a 60th portion of the Qur’aan) collectively after Fajr and Maghrib prayers. They recite Qur’aan in parties, weddings, graveyards, and funerals for money. They also escort the deceased to the graveyard while saying Thikr. We hope that you can explain the ruling on these matters so that we are fully aware of our religion.

Answer: First: It is recommended to say Isti`aathah when starting the recitation of the Qur’aan whether in Salaah or not, for Allaah says: So when you want to recite the Qur’aan, seek refuge with Allaah from Shaytaan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one). But it should be said subvocally like Tasmiyah… read more here.

Allaah’s creation of people with different minds and knowledge

Question: I read the book entitled “Al-Mughnee” by Ibn Qudaamah, but I was surprised to see in it such differences of opinion over a trivial issue, although the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) instructed us to avoid this when he said, Those before you were destroyed by their asking excessive questions.

It is true that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said, “Difference of opinion among my Ummah (nation) is mercy”, but not the way we see nowadays in the books of Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence). Please read page 7 of book “Al-Mughnee”, under the title “Some of his Karaamaat (extraordinary events caused by Allaah for or through a pious person),”

I feel that I am reading a mythical Indian tale, or the legend of Aladdin in “A Thousand and One Nights”. This shaykh even performed acts which the great Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) never did, which is walking on water. These are fairy tales. How can this book be allowed to circulate under the supervision of the Presidency of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Iftaa’, Da‘wah and Guidance? Such anecdotes might lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Please delete this paragraph from that book.

Answer: First, what you have mentioned in your question about controversy over the issues of Fiqh is not something unusual, as the Way of Allaah is that He has created people different from each other in their intellectual capacities, their mentalities, their cognition of auditory evidence, and their perception of the secrets of the universe and the Laws of Allaah in it. It is not surprising to see disagreements on issues related to Universe and Sharee‘ah sciences; this is what wisdom entails – diversity of creation and talents… read more here.

Who are true Awliyaa’ of Allaah?

Question: Is it true what some Muslims claim that the Muslim rulers are Awliyaa’ (pious servants) of Allaah, even if they are the most wicked of the wicked?

Answer: This claim is not true, but evil is evil, whether one is from the first or later generations (who embraced Islaam), a ruler or otherwise. And good is good, whether one is from the first or later generations… read more here.

The truth of Karaamaat of the Awliyaa’ (the righteous people)

Question: Do the Awliyaa’ (pious people) perform Karaamaat (extraordinary events caused by Allaah for or through a pious person)? Can they change anything in the heavens or on earth? Do they intercede with Allaah for others while they are in Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection) or not?

Answer: Karaamah is an extraordinary event which Allaah (Exalted be He) bestows on a pious person as an honor to protect him against harm, benefit him, or help him defend people’s rights… read more here.

Miracles of the Prophets, are these topics not essential to the Muslim’s faith?

Question: A book entitled “Tanabu’aat al-rasool” i.e. (Prophecies of the Prophet), was issued in Thailand a year ago. The book is a translation of a book issued in English entitled ‘Israel and the Prophecies of the Noble Qur’aan’ by `Alee Akbar. The author discussed all the Ahaadeeth of the afflictions, battles, and portents that will precede the Hour, and misinterpreted them. Indeed, his views are dangerous to Muslim youth. For example, Al-Dajjaal (the Antichrist) according to his view refers to the mysteries or the Western civilization.

Likewise, Gog and Magog refer to the super powerful states while `Eesaa (Jesus, peace be upon him) died and will not come back. By the same token, Al-Daabbah (the Beast), metaphorically designates vulgar people or modern inventions, etc. The publishers of the Thai version argue that these topics are not essential to the Muslim faith; there is no difference between those who believe them and those who deny them and they do not affect the Muslim faith. Is this true? How do we answer these people?

Answer: It is enjoined upon Muslims to believe in everything stated by Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) with regard to the portents of the Hour and the like. Verily, Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) describes righteous people in the beginning of Soorah (Qur’aanic chapter) Al-Baqarah as having firm Eemaan (faith) in the unseen praising them and witnessing their guidance and success… read more here.