Seeking help from living humans regarding those things that they are able to do

Question: A righteous scholar told us: “Awliyaa’ (pious people) fulfill the needs of people who invoke them instead of Allaah”. To support his view, he quoted the following Hadeeth in which the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Allaah has some servants to whom people will turn for fulfilling their needs. Such are those who will be safe (from the torment) on the Day of Resurrection.

Answer: Seeking help from a live person who is present and can fulfill a need is permissible like asking someone to lend you some money or seeking his help to restore one of your lost rights or to remove something wrong that was done to you… read more here.

Seeking the help of the prophets and Awliyaa’

Question: Two groups holding opposing views: the first group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliyaa’ (pious people) constitutes Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship); they give evidence from Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) in support of their view. The second group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliyaa’ is permissible because they are the chosen, sincere Servants of Allaah (Exalted be He). Which of the two is correct?

Answer: Asking anyone other than Allaah for help, to bring healing, to make it rain, to prolong one’s life, or similar requests that lie in the Power of Allaah Alone is a form of major Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship that takes a Muslim out of Islam)… read more here.

Seeking help from the dead who were known to be pious

Question: A pious man died in India and was buried in a town called Aghmiz. Is it permissible to seek his aid? Does he truly help anyone who seeks his help and turns down no one?

Answer: The answer to this is the same as the fifth question, as seeking help from the dead is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Supplicating to and seeking the help of Al-Khadir

Question: Is Al-Khadir (peace be upon him) a guardian of rivers and deserts? And does he help anyone who loses his way if he calls on him?

Answer: The correct scholarly opinion is that Al-Khadir (peace be upon him) had already died before the mission of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), for Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Can `Alee ibn Abee Taalib aid anyone after his death?

Question: Can `Alee, (may Allaah be pleased with him) aid anyone in times of distress?

Answer: `Alee, (may Allaah be pleased with him) was killed and was not even aware of his killer’s plot, nor was he able to protect himself from it… read more here.

Can the Awliyaa’ help whoever seeks their help concerning normal needs?

Question: Is it possible for a Walee (a pious person) to help someone who is very far from him? For example, if a person lives in India while the Waliy lives in Saudi Arabia, can the Waliy offer physical help to the Indian despite being in Saudi Arabia, while the other is in India?

Answer: Living people whether they are Awliyaa’ or not can help anyone who seeks their help concerning normal needs, such as providing money, interceding with someone in authority, saving someone from evil or any other need that is within the normal power of human beings… read more here.

Invoking and asking the prophets and the righteous people for protection and help

Question: There is a Muslim who claims to acknowledge the fundamentals of monotheism, but when he sees something falling and he does not want it to be broken or damaged, he seeks help saying, “O Messenger of Allaah” or “O Shaykh Ahmad Al-Teejaanee.” Are his words counted as Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or in worship)? Or speaking such words incurs no guilt and the person who says them will not be regarded as a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and his deeds will not turn fruitless because of saying them?Please provide your legal opinion in writing and furnish it with evidence from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him).

Answer: We should be fully aware that Allah (Exalted be He) Alone is the Guardian over everything, the All-Knower of everything. If a person wants to be safe when falling or fears that he or one of his relatives may be afflicted with a calamity, regardless of the conditions, he should resort to Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Invoking the Messenger or other people when standing up or sitting down

Question: There is a Muslim who testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah but when standing up or sitting down, he says: ‘O Messenger of Allaah’, ‘O Aboo Al-Qaasim’, or ‘O Shaykh `Abdul-Qaadir’, and such words of seeking help from people other than Allaah. What is the ruling on doing so?

Answer: The person who invokes Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) or other people such as `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee or Ahmad Al-Teejaanee when standing up or sitting down, and whoever beseeches them for help whether to bring good or ward off harm is committing an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah). These acts were common during Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance)… read more here.

Seeking help from the jinn to fulfill one’s needs

Question: What is the ruling on invoking the Jinn (creatures created from fire) against a certain person to harm them, like saying, “Take so-and-so” or “Harm them”? What is the ruling on someone who does that? I heard someone say that whoever seeks the help of the Jinn, their Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast) will not be accepted. In addition, when they die, funeral prayer should not be offered for them, their funeral should not be followed and they should not be buried in the Muslim graveyards.

Answer: Seeking the help of the Jinn and turning to them to fulfill needs, such as asking them to harm or benefit a person, is an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). It is a kind of mutual benefiting between Jinn and mankind; the Jinn fulfill the human’s needs and in return they get the human’s veneration, trust, and reliance. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah calling Him by “O Mu‘een, “O Muyassir”, “O Musahhil”

Question: Is it permissible to say when seeking the help of Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, “O Mu‘een (Supporter)! O Lord!” or to say when asking to make easy what is difficult, “O Musahhil (He who facilitates)! O Muyassir (He who makes easy)! O Lord”? What is the governing principle in this regard? And what is the ruling on a person who says so inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately?

Answer: It is permissible to say what you have mentioned, because the One referred to by the “Supporter” and “He who makes easy” is Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, as you have declared at the end of your supplication, saying, “O Lord!”, whether you said it inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately… read more here.

Allaah has prescribed Du`aa’ and ordered people to observe it

Question: Does Du‘aa’ (supplication) avert Divine Decree?

Answer: Allaah, Exalted be He, has ordained Du‘aa’ and He commands us to call upon Him, saying (what means)… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah by His Most Beautiful Names

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them How can Allaah be supplicated to by His Most Beautiful Names; should He be supplicated to by ten of His Names or more, or can it be just by the Name befitting the reason for the Du‘aa’ (supplication)?

Answer: It is lawful to supplicate to Allaah and seek to draw close to Him by His Most Beautiful Names, as Allah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Slaughtering for other than Allaah and seeking the help of the dead and the absent

Question: There are many shaykhs in my country who do the following things: They play Duffs (tambourine-like instruments without bells) and go to graves where they slaughter sheep, camels, and cows, and they cook food there. Is this Haraam (prohibited) or not? They have also constructed a dome outside the city where they play Duffs and drums, and shout loudly: “Help us, O our Shaykh Jeelaanee!” They also invoke the help of other shaykhs.

In addition to this, they walk among the people collecting money from them, and say that it is to visit Shaykh so-and-so and for other matters. If someone falls ill, they take them to these shaykhs who recite Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) over them, and ask them to bring a ram, a bull, a camel, or other animals. People pay them large sums of money over the year and they go to them. Are these practices prohibited according to our Deen (religion)?

Answer: Firstly, it is not permissible to slaughter camels, cows, sheep, or anything else on graves… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: A person testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and offers Salaah (prayer) on time, however, he invokes (calls upon) other than Allaah. When that person dies, is it permissible to attend his funeral or not?

Answer: Asking Du’aa is a form of worship. Thus, directing any of it to anyone or anything other than Allaah is a major form of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes one out of the fold of Islaam. Allaah the Exalted says (what means)… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of the Messenger, the Sahaabah, or others

Question: During Ramadaan, some worshippers follow each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during Tarawih (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) with a Du`aa’ (supplication) to Allaah through one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet).

For example, they say, “By the honor of the venerable Sahaabee (Companion) so-and-so, we ask Allaah to accept our Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast).” I have advised them, but it was in vain. I now perform the (Taraaaweeeh) Salaah by myself in a corner of the Masjid (mosque). Should I perform Salaah with them or do it by myself as I am doing? Please give me a Fatwaa on this and may Allaah reward you with the best reward.

Answer: Making Du`aa’ to Allaah through the honor or life of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Sahaabah, or others is not permissible, because acts of `Ibaadah (worship) are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Allaah did not permit that to be done… read more here.

Ruling on seeking the help of other than Allaah when stricken by misfortune

Question: What is the ruling on those who call upon the Awliyaa’ (pious people) and invoke their help when afflicted by some misfortune?

Answer: Anyone who calls upon the Awliyaa’ (pious people) after their death or when they are absent is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), who is committing an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or in worship). Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Can the dead hear people’s talk?

Question: Do the Awliyaa’ (righteous people), hear the call of those who make Du`aa’ (supplication) to them? What is the meaning of the Saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): By Allaah, the dead hear your footsteps. We appreciate your guidance.

Answer: The basic rule states that the dead people, pious or not, do not hear people’s talk. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Visiting the graves of pious people and seeking help from them in cases of sickness

Question: In times of calamities and disasters, some people invoke the Messenger of Allaah and the Awliya’ (pious people). Also, if they are afflicted with illness, they visit the graves of the Awliyaa’ and seek help from them. Such people claim that Allaah (Exalted be He) removes affliction by virtue of the dead who are buried in these graves. They allegedly ask their help only as a means while keeping in mind that Allaah (Exalted be He) has control over everything. Is such an act counted as Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? It is important to note that those people offer Salah (Prayer), recite Qur’aan and do other good deeds.

Answer: What these people are doing is Shirk, similar to that practiced by the people of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance), who used to invoke and seek help from idols such as: Al-Laat, Al-‘Uzza, Manaat and others, which they glorified, hoping that they would bring them nearer to Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

None but Allaah can relieve distress and ward off evil

Question: Is there anyone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) who has the ability to relieve hardship, distress or can ward off affliction? This question implies further ten questions, as many people belonging to various Math-hab (School of jurisprudence) ask the same question.

This question is crucial but no answer is provided for it and it may lead someone to think about the different means that enable anyone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) to remove hardship. This question has different forms and we hope that our scholars can provide us with a clear answer. For example, is it wrong if a person has some difficulty and asks someone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) to remove it?

1- If there is any being other than Allaah (Exalted be He) who can remove hardship, can it hear and respond to the supplicant during the supplicant’s life or after their death, at a far distance that separates between them and which is only known by Allaah?

2- If we assume that this being can hear from such a far distance, another question arises: Can it understand the languages of all people who are invoking it, such as English, German or any other language?

3- If the answer is in the affirmative, this means that such being understands the languages of all people on earth, which leads to another question: If millions of people speaking various languages and having various needs put forward their demands and requirements, can it hear them and respond to them at the same time, or does it need to appoint a specific time for every request successively?

4- Is this being that people invoke overtaken by slumber or sleep? If yes, people must be provided with a schedule of its rest hours unless it has the ability to hear while asleep?

5- If there is someone who can not talk and express his needs and so supplicates with his heart, does that being respond to this heart-based supplication?

6- People face minor and major problems from the time of their birth to their death, and if Allaah is the One Who resolves these problems, then there is no need to resort to anyone other than Him. However, if anyone other than Him can solve these problems, then there would be no use in resorting to Allaah (Exalted be He).

7- If the other being is not able to solve all kinds of problems, then it will be said that some problems can be solved by the Lord of the Worlds and others can be solved by other than Him. Thus, the people who have needs must have a list of what is for Allaah and what is for other than Him so as to avoid submitting to Allaah a problem that is not for Allaah and vice versa.

8- Can the one who has the ability to remove adversity from people bring it to them? Or can that being only remove it without bringing it? If the latter is true, then who is the one with the ability to bring about harm?

9- In brief, if we assume that Allaah is the One Who brings about harm and there is another who removes it, what happens in case Allaah wishes to bring about harm and the other wants to ward it off and each one of them insists on his position?

10- If someone wishes to ask for forgiveness for a good or a wrong-doer, then who is to be invoked?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) is the Only One that neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him, and He Alone is the One Who hears the invocations of those who supplicate wherever they are and whatever language they speak… read more here.

Tawassul by other than Allaah and wiping the graves for blessing

Question: An illiterate man who testifies that, “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah, Muhammad Rasoolullaah (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His Messenger)” but makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by other than Allaah saying: “O Badawee, O Husayn, help me”. He also offers vows to people other than Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and seeks blessings by touching the graves. He commits Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) over and above Al-Shirk Al-Asghar (minor form of associating others in worship with Allaah). Is it permissible to call him a Kaafir (disbeliever) or he is only ignorant of Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah/ monotheism) and should not be accused of Kufr (disbelief)? Is it permissible to perform Salaah (Prayer) behind him, marry him, and eat from his sacrificed animals as he mentions the Name of Allaah on it? Please reply, may Allaah grant you success!

Answer: Making Du`aa’ (supplication) to anyone other than Allaah is an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: My father believes in the righteousness of a dead shaykh known as a Waliy (a pious person). He makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by this shaykh and associates him with Allah in Du`aa’ (supplication), for example, he says: “O Allaah! O master Abdul-Salaam!” What is the ruling on this, taking into account that my father performs Salah (Prayer), observes Sawm (Fast) and, pays Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du`aa’ to others instead of Allaah such as Awliyaa’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And the mosques are for Allaah (Alone): so invoke not anyone along with Allaah. He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Supplicating to the Awliyaa’ to ward off evil and pretending to know the Ghayb

Question: There is a righteous person or so we call him who lives at my residence.He is still alive and people honor him greatly. He has yearly banquets prepared by the rich men of the tribes for him. One person may come and say: ‘O sir, you will have dinner with me’ as a matter of blessing. Another says: ‘O sir, you will have lunch with me.’ As for the banquet, they slaughter one or two animals. About fifty or sixty people gather at the banquet and recite formulae of Thikr (Remembrance of Allah) in the nightly banquet. The cost of the banquet may be around one hundred pounds. When the pious man leaves, the owner of the banquet follows him and gives him from twenty to fifty pounds. This happens every year by the well-to-do people. He knows that people make Du`a’ (supplication) to Allaah by means of his position or honor in his absence. For example, when a person who thinks highly of this man’s piety, falls into distress, he says: ‘O sir so and so, by your position and dignity with Allaah, relieve my distress, whether it be sickness, fear of a road, or darkness at night, etc. After Du`aa’, the person says: ‘I will give you five pounds when you cure my sickness or relieve my fear.’ All this happens in the absence of this righteous man. On meeting the righteous man, a person says: ‘Here is one pound.’ Thereupon, the pious man says: ‘Give me the five pounds you mentioned in your distress.’ The distressed person wonders as this has happened in the absence of this man.Does this indicate the righteousness of this man? Or is it a fortune-teller’s act, which is forbidden? We hope you explain this matter and identify its essence; is it an act of righteousness, or a forbidden act?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du`aa’ to others instead of Allaah such as Awliyaa’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And the mosques are for Allaah (Alone): so invoke not anyone along with Allaah. He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Ruling on collective Thikr as done by Sufi orders

Question: Please give us your Fatwaa concerning a group of people who sit in circles in Masjids (mosques) in which they observe remembrance of Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger. Sometimes in their Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), they say things that are contrary to Tawheed (Oneness of Allaah). An example of what they say is: “Help us, O Messenger of Allaah!” They repeat these words while their leader says: “O, you (the Prophet) are the key of Allaah’s treasures. O you are the Ka`bah of Allaah’s appearance. O you are the throne of Allaah’s leveling and O you are the chair of Allaah’s descent! Suffice us, O Messenger of Allaah. O Allaah’s beloved! You are the intended one. It is you, O Messenger of Allaah,” and other similar words of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship).

Answer: First of all, collective Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) like what is done in the Sufi orders is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It was stated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Asking for the help of the dead or the absent

Question: What is the ruling on seeking help from the dead, such as saying, “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, or seeking help from the living who are absent and do not hear the one calling for their help?

Answer: First, if one calls upon a dead person for help saying: “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, they must be advised and warned that this is Haraam (prohibited); it is even an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Ignorance of the Mukallaf of the fundamentals of Eemaan is no excuse

Question: Can someone who worships or invokes other than Allaah or offers a sacrificial animal to some shaykh, such as happens in Egypt, be excused for being ignorant or not? If they cannot be excused for being ignorant, how do you explain the story of Dhat Anwat? Please enlighten us, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: A Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) cannot be excused for worshipping other than Allaah, or offering sacrifices as a means of drawing closer to other than Allaah, or making a vow to other than Allaah, and other acts of worship that should be devoted to Allaah alone… read more here.

Seeking the help of the jinn or angels

Question: Is it permissible for Muslims to write spiritual names (the names of Jinn or angels), or the Most Beautiful Names of Allaah, or other charms or spells that are well-known by the spiritualists, to be used for protection against the evils of the Jinn, Satan, or witchcraft?

Answer: Seeking help from the Jinn or angels, and calling upon them to ward off evil or bring good fortune, or for protection against the evils of the Jinn, are acts of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) that takes the doer out of the Deen (religion) of Islaam – may Allaah forbid… read more here.

Invoking the Servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names to fulfill one’s needs

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim, while making Du`aa’ (supplication) to Allaah, to say: “O servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names, answer and fulfill my needs.”?

Answer: Calling the servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names to fulfill one’s needs is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), for it involves calling imaginary servants beside Allaah; a matter for which we know no evidence; Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Supplicating to the dead and the absent and seeking their help

Question: These days we see Muslim groups who exceed the limits in loving the dead; they supplicate to them, ask them to meet their needs, and complain to them about their distresses, believing that if they supplicate to them, they will attend their gatherings and relieve their sufferings. One of their prevailing customs is to gather at night in a dark room and supplicate to `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times, believing that he had ordered them to do so and that he will, consequently, come to them and meet their needs. They draw their conclusions from the following verses of poetry, which they read with great submission, Khushoo` (their hearts being attuned to the act of worship), love, and humility. Some of those verses are: 

O axis of the heaven and the earth, who gives them succor,
Who floods my eyes, who gives them existence and succor.
O son of the two highest, who preserves their heritage,
O best of those known as Muhyy Al-Deen.
O great provider of succor of every age and time,
The superior Waliy (pious person) of arbitration and consolidation.
The most in need of the Lord, and poor,
You who are named after the Deen (religion) as Muhyy Al-Deen.
Allah addressed you and you listened:
“O great provider of succor, be near to those gathering,
You are My Shining Successor in the universe;
The one who was given the great name of Muhyy Al-Deen.”

 
Other verses read: 

Whoever calls my name a thousand times in their seclusion,
with resolve and determination, forsaking their slumber,
I will hasten to answer their call.
So call: “O `Abdul-Qaadir Muhyy Al-Deen,
O great provider of succor, servant of the Swift Provider,
O master, come to me, O Muhyy Al-Deen.”

 
And yet other verses say: 

O my master, supporter, and provider of succor, O my helper,
Be my defender and reinforcement against my enemies.
Protect my honor and take my extended hand, and help me,
For you Muhyy Al-Deen are Allaah’s Successor,
The cavern of the grieving, shelter for confused hearts,
Refuge for the weak, and guarantor of vows,
The provider of succor for those lost at sea,
O `Abdul-Qaadir, master of the slaves of the Provider.

They read these verses and supplicate to Muhyy Al-Deen `Abdul-Qaadir a thousand times. Here, in the town of Nahur, there is the grave of a Waliy upon whom Muslims call with great Khushoo` and humility in their gatherings, using the following verses: 

O friend of Al-Nahur, support me
In my hearing, limbs, and good vision.
Extend my life, don’t give me few years,
O gather of all the good, `Abdul-Qaadir.
Be my refuge the day the proud are full of pride,
And from the distress of this world on another day.

There are many of these poems, and no house is free from them, even if it does not contain a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). People read these poems during every celebration and party, and the religious scholars even take part in these readings, and permit them. Would you please, consider the meanings of these poems and then answer the following questions, supporting the answer with clear evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah? We would like to publish and circulate the answers among the Muslims to establish the truth and destroy falsehoods. May it be a means of guiding the people! 

Q 1: Is it permissible for Muslims to read such poems as acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and believe in their meanings?

Q 2: Is it permissible for Muslims to call upon `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times in a dark room with all Khushoo` and humility, and ask for his presence? 

Q 3: What is the Islaamic ruling on doing such acts? 

Q 4: Is it permissible for a Muslim to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind someone who professes such beliefs and participates in these occasions? What are Muslims obligated to do regarding them?

Answer: Firstly, supplicating to other than Allaah, such as to dead or absent people, and seeking their help to drive away grief, relieve a distress, cure a sick person, or anything similar, is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Performing Salaah behind an Imaam who seeks the help of the dead

Question: An Imam of a Masjid (mosque) seeks help from dead people in their graves, claiming that these are the graves of Awliyaa’ (pious people) to whom we should resort. He says that they may act as mediators between us and Allaah (Exalted be He). Am I allowed to perform congregational Salaah (Prayer) behind this Imaam, despite the fact that I call for Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah)? Could you please also clarify such questions as making vows, seeking help from other than Allaah, and Tawassul (seeking to draw close to Allaah) through a means.

Answer: If you are sure that the Imaam you mentioned seeks help from the dead or vows to them, then it is not permissible to perform Salaah behind him because he is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Repentance from Bid`ahs and sins

Question: What is your ruling on an innovator in religion, who invents a Bid`ah Shirkiyyah (rejected innovation in religion which is tantamount to associating others in worship with Allaah), in which he seeks help from the dead Awliyaa’ (pious people) and prays in their shrines, hoping that they will give him their blessing. He married a woman, after her last husband divorced her; he used to have sexual intercourse with her secretly time after time, until she got pregnant by him, so he quickly contracted marriage with her after her pregnancy became obvious. This marriage was carried out without Guidance from Allaah. She gave birth to a baby girl, who is two years old now, then he repented to Allaah from such Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) and firmly adhered to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him) and read, “Fath Al-Majeed Sharh Kitaab Al-Tawheed” and other books by Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). He has repented for having committed Zinaa (illegal sexual intercourse) and other abominations. His wife is now pregnant and he is asking about what should he do? Is there any expiation for committing Zinaa?

What should he do with his relatives who are still adhering to their Bid`ahs Shirkiyyah (rejected innovations in religion which are tantamount to associating others in worship with Allaah)? Please give me your legal opinion.

Answer: Firstly, Undoubtedly, Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) is the gravest of major sins and Bid`ahs introduced into religion and is one of the most hideous crimes. Zinaa is one of the abominations and among the gravest of major sins; whoever has committed it should rid themselves of it, shun it completely and beg forgiveness from Allaah. They should repent for the crimes in which they indulged; perhaps Allaah may accept their Tawbah (repentance to Allaah)… read more here.

Refuting claims about supplicating to the deceased and the diacritical marks and dots of the Qur’aan

Question: Some of the followers of Bid`ahs (innovations in religion), from among those who call upon the dead, wondered: “How can you claim that the dead avail nothing, although Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him) availed us and he was the reason behind reducing the daily obligatory prayers from fifty to five.” Others also said: “How can you say that every Bid`ah (innovation in religion) is a misguidance! Then what do you say about those who added diacritical marks and dots to the Qur’aan, and it all happened after the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)?” How can we answer them?

Answer: Firstly, The original ruling is that the dead do not hear the call of people who call upon them and they cannot answer these calls or talk to the living, even if they were prophets… read more here.

Hadeeth of the blind man who sought the help of the Prophet after his death

Question: There is a severe attack against the Salafists (those following the way of the righteous predecessors); they are accused of denying and not loving Awliyaa’ (pious people). A piece of evidence their accusers cite to prove that seeking the help of Allaah through dead people is permissible is the Hadeeth about the blind man who invoked Allaah through the Prophet (Peace be upon him) after his death. I have been informed that this Hadeeth is Saheeh (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish), a fact that confuses some people deeply. I hope you enlighten us on this important issue.

Answer: After studying the question, the Committee’s answer is as follows: The Hadeeth of the blind man’s story is narrated by Imaam Al-Tirmithee with his Sanad (chain of narrators) on the authority of `Uthmaan ibn Hunayf (may Allaah be pleased with him)… read more here.

Seeking the help of the dead or the absent is major Shirk

Question: Is seeking help from someone who is absent or dead considered an act of major Kufr (disbelief)?

Answer: Yes, seeking help from someone who is dead or absent is considered an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and doing so puts the doer outside the fold of Islaam, for Allaah (Glorified be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Ruling on seeking the help of other than Allaah

Question: Sufis claim that their seeking help from and calling upon the righteous servants of Allaah is only metaphorical, and that in reality, Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is the One from Whom they are seeking help. How should we answer them, considering that they justify their practice by citing the Aayah (which means): You killed them not How do you refute this claim?

Answer: Firstly, seeking help from and calling upon others besides Allaah, such as the dead, absent people, idols, etc. Is a form of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Similarly, seeking help from or calling upon living people for help in matters that cannot be helped by anyone other than Allaah is also a form of major Shirk which takes one out of the fold of Islaam… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah though observing the pillars of Islaam

Question: There is a man who observes Sawm (fasting), Salaah (Prayer) and all the other Pillars of Islaam, but in spite of that he calls upon other than Allaah, for he beseeches or seeks to draw close to Allaah (Tawassul) by means of Awliyaa’ (pious people) and seeks their help, and believes that they are able to bring benefit and repel harm.

Tell us, may Allaah reward you with good, do their children who believe in the Oneness of Allaah and associate nothing with Him inherit from them? Also, what is the ruling on them?

Answer: If a person observes Sawm, Salaah and all the Pillars of Islaam, but seeks the help of the dead, the absent ones, the angels and so on, he is considered a Mushrik (those who associate others with Allaah in worship)… read more here.

Performing the pillars of Islaam and supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: Is seeking the help of the Prophets, Awliyaa’ (pious people) and good people when they are alive and after their death to lift a person’s affliction, bring good and making Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by them either to fulfill a need or achieve their goals permissible or not?

Answer: As for seeking help of the dead, whether prophets or others, it is not permissible, rather it is an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah). As for seeking the help of living people with whatever they can do, there is no harm in it… read more here.

Seeking the help of and supplicating to the deceased besides Allaah

Question: The Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) in one of the villages in Egypt where we live is a Sufi who follows Al-Shadhuliyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order). This man teaches people to seek to draw close to Allaah (Tawassul) by means of the creatures of Allaah, such as the prophets and the Awliyaa’ (pious people), and he urges them to visit shrines. He tells them it is lawful to swear by the Prophet and the Awliyaa’, and to make Kaffaarah (expiation) if they break an oath made in their name. Our group, which is one of the Islaamic groups, debated with him over the errors he is committing and teaching to the people, but he remained adamant, citing Da‘eef (weak) and Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeths to defend his opinion. Is it permissible to pray behind such a man (when he leads congregational prayers) given we have not yet finished building a Masjid? We have only collected some donations for it, so we still have not built it. We would like to know your Fatwaa concerning this issue.

May Allaah grant us all success. In addition, he declared the great scholars of Islaam, such as the Shaykh of Islaam Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah and Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (may Allaah be pleased and merciful to them) as disbelievers.

Answer: Seeking the help of the dead and calling upon them instead of or along with Allaah are considered acts of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes one out of the fold of Islaam, whether the one whose help is sought is a prophet or otherwise… read more here.

Do Awliyaa’ have authority over anyone?

Question: I hear and see with my own eyes, that people say that Awliyaa’ (pious people) have authority over people in worldly life and they also claim that they have forty forms; sometimes you see them in the form of a man, sometimes a snake, or a lion etc. They go to graveyards and sleep there, and then they set out at nightfall. People relate that they stand near them in sleep and tell them, “Go, you are cured.” Is such talk true or not?

Answer: Awliyaa’ have no authority over anyone; whatever Allaah has given them is merely the ordinary means given to all other humans. They do not have supernatural powers; they cannot take non-human forms, like snakes, lions, monkeys or other animals… read more here.

Performing Salaah behind and befriending an Imaam who seeks the help of other than Allaah

Question: Is it permissible for a man who lives among a community of people who invoke help from other than Allaah to perform Salaah (prayer) behind them (when they lead the congregational prayers)? Is it obligatory to disassociate oneself from them? Is what they are doing count as major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Is making allies of them judged the same as making allies of true Kaafirs (disbelievers)?

Answer: If the state of the people you are living among is as you described: they call upon other than Allaah for help, such as the dead, absent or unseen beings, trees, stones, stars, and the like, they are Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) who are committing major Shirk that take them out of the Deen (religion) of Islaam… read more here.