Changing one’s name after performing Hajj

Question: What is the ruling on changing one’s name like most of the Indonesian pilgrims do? Indonesians usually change their names when they go to Makkah Al-Mukarramah or Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah. Is this Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) or not?

Answer: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to change bad names to good ones. If the Indonesian pilgrims are changing their names for this purpose, and not for finishing the rituals of Hajj or their visiting Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) and offering Salaah therein, then this is permissible… read more here.

Setting aside a certain bed or a Sofa until a pilgrim comes back to use it

Question: In our country, the family of a pilgrim sets aside for him a bed or a sofa. They cover it with clean and perfumed coverlets and place money and bottles of perfume around it. They prevent people from using it telling them that they cannot sit on it until the pilgrim returns from Hajj and use it first. After the pilgrim uses it, others may then sit on it. I hope that you can inform us about this practice. Many thanks to you, may Allaah benefit Muslims with your knowledge!

Answer: The actions mentioned above done by the family of a person intending to perform Hajj is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Setting aside a bed, washing it, covering and perfuming it and preventing people from sitting on it till the pilgrim returns from Hajj to be the first to sit on it, are acts of Bid`ah and instituting in religion that which Allaah has not ordained… read more here.

Saying: The door of the Ka`bah will not open if anyone other than Banoo Shaybah tries to open it

Question: One of my friends said that Banoo Shaybah are the custodians of the Ka`bah and that no one can open the door of the Ka`bah even if he has the keys unless he is one of them. He told me that a person who is not from Banoo Shaybah took the keys and tried to open the door, but the door would not open until they brought a baby from Banoo Shaybah and placed his hand on the key. Is this true?

Answer: Banoo Shaybah are the custodians of the Ka`bah. It is not true that the door of the Ka`bah will not open if anyone other than Banoo Shaybah tries to open it. What is mentioned about someone other than Banoo Shaybah who tried to open the door but failed to do so until they brought a baby from Banoo Shaybah who put his hand on the key and the door was opened is not true… read more here.

Fasting (Sawm) during Rajab and Sha‘ban

Question: I know people who always perform Sawm (Fast) for the whole months of Rajab and Sha‘baan until Ramadaan without break. Is there any Hadeeth regarding this practice? If there is any, kindly provide the text?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) used to fast the entire month of Rajab or Sha‘baan… read more here.

Observing Sawm on certain days in Rajab

Question: There are days on which we voluntarily observe Sawm (Fast) during Rajab. Should these days be in the beginning, middle, or end of the month?

Answer: No specific Ahaadeeth were authentically reported about the merit of Sawm in Rajab, except that which was related by Al-Nasaa’ee and Aboo Daawood, and ranked as Saheeh (authentic) by Ibn Khuzaymah, on the authority of Usaamah who said… read more here.

Ruling on sending blessings on the Prophet loudly before or after the Athaan

Question: Even though Pakistan, our country, is a Muslim state, some A’immah insist on saying: “Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah, and beloved to Allaah” before they say the Athaan (call to Prayer). They never stop doing so. I pray behind those A’immah. Is my Salaah (Prayer) behind them valid or not? What should I do? What is the ruling on these A’immah?

Answer: Firstly, invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Messenger before and after the Athaan and saying it aloud after or during the Athaan is one of the innovated Bid`ahs in religion… read more here.

Ruling on pronouncing additional words before or after Athaan

Question: We notice that when Fajr Prayer time is due, and prior to the Athaan (call to Prayer), some Mu’ath-thins (callers to Prayer) on the mosque’s minaret pronounce some words like: “Pray” or “Prayer” two or three times; afterwards, they begin pronouncing the Athaan. Is their act valid? Or should they be reprimanded?

Answer: It is well known that Islaam is based on adherence rather than innovation. This is supported by the Prophet’s statement (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Whoever introduces a practice into this affair of ours that is not of it, it is to be rejected. According to another narration: If anybody introduces a practice which is not religiously authenticated, it is to be rejected. He also stated… read more here.

Ruling on performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times after completion of its building

Question: When people in the north of our country build a Masjid (mosque), they perform Tawaaf (circumambulation) seven times around it on the day they inaugurate it. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or not? What is the evidence?

Answer: Performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times is an abominable act of Bid`ah, whether this is done on the opening day or any other day. Tawaaf is only lawful when performed around the Ka`bah (in Makkah) and nowhere else… read more here.

Ruling on rubbing oneself against the walls of Mosques at Al-Rahmah Mountain in `Arafah

Question: In the area of Al-Rahmah Mount in `Arafah there are three adjacent Masjids (mosques) with their Mihrabs without ceilings. The pilgrims go to these Masjids to rub themselves against their walls and Mihrabs. Sometimes, they put money at the Mihrabs. They offer two Rak`ahs at each one of these Masjids. Sometimes they perform Salaah at these Masjids at times when prayer is prohibited. Also men and women mingle in crowds there. The pilgrims do all these acts during the days immediately preceding the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah. We hope that Your Eminence will inform us of the legal ruling on these acts, may Allaah reward you with best reward!

Answer: First, `Arafah is a place where one of the rituals of Hajj is to be performed according to Allaah’s orders. This ritual is staying at `Arafah on the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah and the night of `Eed-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan before the arrival of the Imaam on Friday

Question: Is it permissible for a person to recite Qur’aan in the Masjid (mosque) on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam (the person who leads congregational Salaah)? Is this one of the polite manners of Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer, or a denounced Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: There is no evidence on the legitimacy of a person reciting Qur’aan on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam while people listen to him, and when the Imaam arrives, that person stops recitation… read more here.

Ruling on Bid`ah in “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab”

Question: Is the book “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab (Answered Supplication)” by Ahmad `Abdul-Jawwad a reliable reference? I read in it, “There are twelve Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during the day or night and the Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) should be performed between each pair. While sitting for the final Tashahhud, praise Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and invoke Allaah’s Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon him). While in Sujud (prostration), Soorah Al-Faatihah should be recited seven times, Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’anic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) seven times, and the phrase: “Laa ilaaha illa Allaah wahdahoo la shareeka lahoo… (There is no god but Allaah Alone and He has no partner…)” should be recited ten times. This Du`aa’ (supplication) should then be recited: “O Allaah! I ask you by the glory of Your Throne, by the utmost mercy of Your Book, and by Your Greatest Name, Your Highest Glory, and Your Perfect Words,” and then ask Allaah for whatever you need. After this, raise your head and say the Taslim (salutation of peace ending the Prayer).” (Related by Al-Haakim on the authority of Ibn Mas`ood [may Allaah be pleased with him]). Is this a Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth? There is a Hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade `Alee from reciting the Qur’aan during a Rak`ah (bowing) or Sujood.

Answer: Do not depend on this book, as it contains many Da`eef (weak) and Mawdoo` (fabricated) Hadeeth, one of them being the one you mentioned in your question that you read about the twelve Rak`ah in Salah (Prayer) in the manner mentioned… read more here.

Ruling on Nafilah prayer offered on the last Wednesday of Safar

Question: Some of the scholars in our country claim that in Islaam there is a Nafilah (supererogatory Prayer) offered on the last Wednesday of Safar, at the time of Salaat-ul-Duha (supererogatory Prayer before noon). This Salaah consists of four Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with one Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer). In each Rak‘ah a person should recite Soorah Al-Faatihah and Soorah Al-Kawthar seventeen times, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas fifty times and Al-Mu‘awwidhatayn (Suwar Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) one time each. This is done in each Rak‘ah, then one says Tasleem after which it is prescribed to recite: And Allaah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not. 360 times, and Jawharat-ul-Kamal (a special Sufi formula) three times, and to conclude by saying: “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power. Exalted is He from all that they ascribe to Him. And peace be on the Messengers. And all the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds.” They should also give some bread to the poor as a charity. They say that this Aayah is especially recited for warding off the calamities that are send down on the last Wednesday of Safar. They say that every year 320,000 calamities come down, and all of them come down on the last Wednesday of Safar. Therefore, that day is regarded as the most difficult day throughout the year. But whoever offers this Salaah in the above mentioned manner, Allaah will protect them by His Bounty from all the calamities that come down on that day. They, as well as those who could not offer it, such as children, will benefit from this Salaah. Is this permissible or not?

Answer: There is no evidence from the Qur’aan or Sunnah that supports the validity of the Nafilah mentioned in the question. We have no proof that anyone among the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) or the righteous people of the later generations performed this Nafilah… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan through microphones and the Ibtihalat

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on reciting Qur’aan before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer using microphones? When a person objects to this act as not related in the Sunnah, they accuse him of preventing the recitation of the Qur’aan. What about the Ibtihalat (religious hymns) heard on microphones shortly before the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? When objecting to this baseless act, it is said that it is a good deed aiming at awakening the people for the Fajr Prayer.

Answer: There is no evidence supporting that such acts were committed during the lifetime of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions). The same goes for the Ibtihalat heard before the Fajr Prayer through microphones… read more here.

Ruling on the way of starting Taraaweeh

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)? How should it be offered? There is much controversy about this issue; some A’immah (those who lead congregational Prayer) start it by saying “Rise for Qiyaam (stand for optional Prayer at night), may Allaah reward you!”, and then offer two Rak’ahs (units of Prayer), after which they say, “O, Allaah! Send Your peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad” in a loud voice. When the Imaam says this, all the Ma’mooms (persons being led by an Imaam in Prayer) repeat it after him. In the second two Rak’ahs, he reads Suwar Al-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu`awwidhatayn (Soorah Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) in a loud voice, and the Ma’moom also repeat it after him. On finishing Taraaweeh, he does the same thing three times. If a person tells them that this act was not reported, they reply that it is a good deed and a good Bid`ah (innovation in religion).

Is there anything called a good Bid`ah in Islaam? What is your view on this? How should this Salaah be offered? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Saying: “Rise for Qiyaam (standing for optional Prayer at night), may Allaah reward you!”; the saying of the Imaam: “O, Allaah! Send Your peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad” in a loud voice; repeating this by the Ma’mooms; and reciting Suwar Al-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu’awwidhatayn in a loud voice after offering two Rak’ahs, are all Bid`ah… read more here.

Putting the hand on the head after Salaah

Question: Some people put their hands on their heads after Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), claiming it to be an act of Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet).

Answer: It is not an act of Sunnah to put the hand on head after Tasleem. In fact, this is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison on Friday before the Imaam enters

Question: What is the ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison on Friday before the Imam enters the masjid?

Answer: This is impermissible, and confining this to Friday before the Imaam’s entry is introducing a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison after the prayer

Question: Some Moroccans are accustomed to reciting the Qur’aan collectively after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Indeed, the regular custom of reciting Qur’aan collectively after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or after any other prayer is an act of Bid`ah… read more here.

Gathering for reciting the Qur’aan

Question: What is your opinion (may Allaah safeguard you) of a man who gathers a number of people in his house to recite some verses of the Qur’aan, supplicate Allaah (Exalted be He) for themselves and for all Muslims, eat food that he prepared beforehand then depart?

At the same time, the person who invites, distributes separate parts of the Qur’aan to his guests so that once each person finishes his part, having thus finished the whole Qur’aan, one of them supplicates Allaah (Exalted be He) for themselves and for all the Muslims. By doing so, they consider that they have recited the whole Qur’aan seeking the blessing thereof.

Answer: First, gathering to recite and learn the Qur’aan by having someone to recite while others listen to it, mutually studying and trying to understand the meanings of it, is permissible… read more here.

Washing hands after Qur’aan recitation

Question: After reciting the Glorious Qur’aan, is it permissible to go directly to the bathroom or should we wash our hands first before entering the bathroom? It is worth mentioning that the water drained from the washbowl and the bathroom is carried off into the same sewer.

Answer: It is not legally required to wash hands after reciting the Qur’aan, or in the washbowl or the bathroom… read more here.

Ruling on writing Aayaat on a paper and putting it in water then drinking it to facilitate memorizing Qur’aan

Question: Some people of different nationalities in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) write down Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) on a paper, put it in water, and then drink it to facilitate memorizing Qur’aan. They claim that this helps them to easily memorize the Qur’aan; however, we do not know whether this is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or not? What is the Islaamic ruling on this?

Answer: This act is an act of Bid`ah… read more here.

Ruling on distributing food and drink following Khatmah

Question: Dear scholars, what is the ruling on the following question:

Did the Prophet (peace be upon him), any of his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them), the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet), their successors, or the Salaf (righteous predecessors) distribute food, drinks, or desserts following Khatmah (completing of one reading of the whole Qur’aan) during Qiyaam-ul-Layl (optional Prayer at night) in Ramadaan?

If this was an established custom that was practiced during the time of the early generations of Islaam, please tell us the book, page number, volume, and edition that proves this. If this is not confirmed, please give us evidence to show whether or not this is permissible, knowing that this is done as a duty believing that the food, drinks, and desserts will bring blessings.

Answer: As far as we know, it is not authentically related that the Prophet (peace be upon him), any of his Sahaabah, the Taabi`oon, or the A’immah of the Salaf distributed food, drinks, or desserts following Khatmah of the Qur’aan during Qiyaam-ul-Layl in Ramadaan and made this a duty… read more here.

Preparing banquets for completing the recitation of the Qur’aan

Question: Is it permissible to prepare banquets upon completing the recitation of the Qur’aan?

Answer: It is permissible to prepare banquets for wedding occasions. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn `Awf when the latter told him of his marriage: Prepare a banquet even if with one sheep. The Prophet himself used to prepare banquets for such occasions… read more here.

Gathering people to recite the Qur’aan with the intention of gaining more of Allaah’s provision

Question: In Uganda, when someone wants to supplicate Allaah to bestow more provisions on him, he invites some learned people who come to him each carrying a Mus-haf. They then start reciting; one of them recites Soorah Yaaseen as it is the heart of the Qur’aan, another recites Soorah Al-Kahf and a third recites Soorah Al-Waaqi’ah, Al-Rahmaan, Al-Dukhaan, Al-Ma’aarij, Al-Qalam, Al-Mulk, Muhammad, Al-Fath or some other Suwar. However, they do not recite any verses of Soorah Al-Baqarah and Soorah Al-Nisaa’. Is this Islaamic? If not, please tell us about the correct Islamic behavior with evidence.

Answer: Reciting the Qur’aan and reflecting on its meanings is one of the best deeds that draw a person close to Allaah. Moreover, supplicating to Allaah and resorting to Him to grant success to do more good, for provisions and for gaining other kinds of bounties is a permissible act of worship… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah during school’s morning assembly

Question: Some girls’ schools ask us about the ruling on girls’ reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah aloud at the school’s morning assembly. Being a matter of importance, kindly inform us of the ruling so we can circulate it among the schools.

Answer: It is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) that school boys and girls recite Soorah Al-Faatihah during the school’s morning assembly. The Prophet is reported to have said: Whoever does an act extraneous to ours (religious acts), his act is rejected. Narrated by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslimread more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah after offering Witr following `Ishaa’ Salaah

Question: Please, your honor, give me a Fatwaa on reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah after the ‘Ishaa’ (Night) Prayer, i.e. after the Witr (Prayer with an odd number of units) for a non-specific number of times such as a hundred times, more or less, without specifying a certain time. I always recite the Qur’aan hoping for more rewards from Allaah. Is this considered a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) given that after reciting Al-Faatihah, I ask Allaah for forgiveness and guidance. May Allaah guide you to serve Islam and the Muslims.

Answer: The Qur’aan is the word of Allaah (Exalted be He); the superiority of Allah’s words over the words of people is similar to the superiority of Allaah over people. The reward of reciting the Qur’aan is great, which no one can measure except Allaah… read more here.

The permissibility of gathering people to recite the Qur’aan for a particular person

Question: Is it permissible for anyone to gather people and ask them to recite the Qur’aan for him on a certain occasion? For instance, that person wants to change his career and wants to get blessings in his new job.

Answer: Allaah revealed the Qur’aan, so that people would recite it as a form of ‘Ibaadah (worship) and apply its rulings. It is a miracle which proves the prophethood of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). As for the practice that you are inquiring about,it is not legislated by Allaah… read more here.

Specifying some Soorah of the Qur’aan as the “Saving Soorah”

Question: Some students of Daar Al-Hadeeth in Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah came to me and gave me a booklet called: “The Saving Surahs” including Suwar Al-Kahf, Al-Sajdah, Yaaseen, Fussilat, Al-Dukhaan, Al-Waaqi`ah, Al-Hashr, and Al-Mulk. They said that they have distributed many copies in Makkah, Al-Madeenah, and other places. Is there any evidence that they can be given this name and description?

Answer: All Suwar and Aayaat of the Qur’aan are healing for the diseases of the heart, guidance, and a mercy for the believers. They save those who adhere to them and are guided by them from Kufr (disbelief), misguidance, and painful torture. The Prophet (peace be upon him) clarified this through his words, deeds, and approval of the permissibility of Ruqyah (reciting Qur’aan and saying supplications over the sick seeking healing)… read more here.

Books free from Bid`ahs and warning against Bid`ah-tinged Tareeqah

Question: First: We live in a village called Baqur in Aboo Tij town, Asyut Governorate. We live in worry due to the innovation of new matters that are far from religion. We would like a decisive answer for the things that have been innovated to avoid indulging in them, to apply the principles of Islaam with deep insight and to reject Bid`ahs (innovations in religion). What are the books that point out these matters for us? May Allaah guide you and us to goodness and guidance!

Second:
We are young men who are keen to know our religion in spite of what we find of obstinacy and stubbornness of our fathers who have become busy with material life and neglect their religion. What are the recommended books that are free from Bid`ahs, and what are the means to help guide us to the truth? Moreover, our parents deprived us of our allowance due to our religious behavior. They do so because we deny their ignorance and innovation in religion. We would like you to give us a list of useful books so that we can buy some of them and worship Allaah with deep insight and knowledge. Are there weak and fabricated Ahaadeeth? How can we know these kinds of Ahaadeeth especially if they are circulated among some Imaams?

Third:
What is the reality of the Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) we have like Al-Shaadhooliyyah, Al-Ahmadiyyah, Al-Sa`diyyah, Al-Burhaaniyyah and the like? How can we refute their allegations? What books are considered to be decisive in this regard? Are they following the truth as they claim?

Fourth:
We find that some Imaams follow a juristic school that is different from others. Differences among them usually end in quarrel that leads some of the worshippers to give up prayer. We would like a decisive answer in this regard. Can we follow only one of these juristic schools? How can we bring about agreement between these juristic schools in order to restore order?

Fifth:
Some of them may insult the Qur’aan by interpreting some Aayaah (verses) according to their desires and whims in order to mislead people. They interpret, for example, Allaah’s saying in Soorah Al-‘Imraan: Those who remember Allaah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides as those who offer Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) while dancing and swaying to their left and right sides humming unknown words and saying: “Alla Hayy” and other things. Moreover, they permit birth control, women’s singing and praising the Messenger of Allaah by using musical instruments. We would like you to guide us to the truth in matters of our religion in order to refute the claims of those who innovate in matters of their religion.

Answer: Firstly: You did not mention the Bid’ahs you want to ask us about in order to answer you. We would like to bring to your attention a great rule concerning acts of worship. The basis of all acts of worship is that you should not do them unless there is evidence that denotes them. A person should not say that this worship is legal according to its origin, number, or manner except with legal proof for it.… read more here.

Deeds are to be judged according to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah

Question: What is the ruling on a man who introduces acts or things for which there is no precedent in Islaam, and he deems them praiseworthy claiming that he has done nothing related to Bid`ah?

Answer: The deeds of this man are to be judged according to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Whatever goes in accordance with them is correct and permissible, otherwise it is rejected and should be abandoned. However, you did not mention any of said person’s deeds so that we may know whether it is Bid`ah or an act of Sunnah.… read more here.

Two Ahaadeeth: “Whoever innovates anything in this matter” and “Whoever introduces some good practice”

Question: I would like Your Eminence to explain the two Ahaadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in detail: Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (Islaam) which is not a part of it will have it rejected and Whoever introduces some good practice in Islaam which is followed after him (by people) will be assured of reward like one who follows it (until the Day of the Resurrection)…”

 

Answer: The first Hadeeth means that when someone introduces a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) to be counterpart to what Allaah has legislated, it will not be accepted and he will be a sinner.… read more here.

Ruling on making Thikr and reciting Aayatul-Kursee loudly after Salaah

Question: In Damascus, at one of its Masaajid (mosques), after every obligatory Salaah, a person is entrusted with reciting Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’aanic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) loudly, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas (112) and Muawwidhatayn (Soorah Al-Falaq and Al-Naas). Once this person finishes the recitation, every one who offered Salaah re-recites Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Muawwidhatayn altogether.

Is the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) reported to have done so, or is it a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Knowing that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is authentically reported to have recited Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Mu`awwidhatayn after Salaah, should I do as they do and do this regularly?

Is it permissible for a person who is offering obligatory Salaah to recite Aayat-ul-Kursee or other verses loudly with the intention of teaching those who do not know how to recite Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Mu`awwidhatayn?

Answer: It is impermissible for a certain person who is offering Salaah or for all of those offering Salaah to recite the above-mentioned verses after the Salaah loudly; not even with the intention of teaching.… read more here.

Good and evil Bid`ah

Question: Some of my colleagues said: “Bidah (innovation in religion) falls into two categories. The first is a good one and a person can work accordingly. The second is the evil one." I believe that this division is invalid relying on the Hadeeth that says: <img src="http://www.alifta.net/_layouts/images/UserControl-Images/MEDIA-H2.GIF" align="middle" border="0" /><a name="Themostevilofaffairsarenovelties;"></a><span id="ContentParagraph" class="HarfBody">The most evil of affairs are novelties; every novelty is a Bidah (innovation in religion); every Bid`ah is misguidance; and every misguidance is in Hellfire. What is the viewpoint of jurists and Imams of Islaam concerning this point in light of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah?

Answer: This explanation is not valid because of the general meaning of the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The most evil affairs are their novelties; and every innovation is an error. This Hadeeth was reported by Muslim in his Saheh. There are many Ahaadeeth in this topic that denote the same meaning.… read more here.

Is Dammah, Fathah and Kasrah considered to be Bid`ah in the Qur’aan?

Question: How many types of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) are there? Is every Bid‘ah misguidance? If yes, are the diacritical marks used in the writing of the Qur’aan, such as Dammah (a small curl-like diacritic standing for the short vowel /u/), Fathah (a small diagonal line placed above a letter to stand for the short vowel /a/), Kasrah (a small diagonal line placed below a letter to stand for the short vowel /i/), Sukoon (a circle-shaped diacritic placed above a letter with no vowel), Nuqtah (dots and diereses placed above and below Arabic letters to distinguish between them) or Nabrah (a carrier on which the letter Hamzah is placed in cases of Kasr) an act of Bid‘ah, as the Qur’aan was written during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) without any diacritical marks? Is the writing of these marks an act of Bid‘ah? Is this Bid‘ah a deviation from what is right?

Answer: Bid‘ah (i.e. An invented or newly introduced thing) is divided into Bid‘ah in religion and ordinary Bid‘ah. The ordinary Bid‘ah includes all newly manufactured products and inventions… read more here.

Rejected and accepted Bid`ah

Question: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever introduces in our matter i.e. religion, things extraneous to it, will be rejected. Does Allaah reject all acts of a Mubtadi(one who introduces rejected innovations in religion) or only the acts of the Bidah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Some Bidahs are incongruous with the fundamental articles of Islaam. Others are related to the descriptive manner of acts of worship. A third type of Bidah involves the introduction of unsanctioned practices… read more here.

Meaning and types of Bid`ah

Question: We would like you to explain the meaning and types of Bid’ah (innovation in religion) in detail for us.

Answer: Bid’ah is an act of worship that was not legislated by Allaah such as celebrating the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), Israa’ (Night Journey), and Mi’raaj (Ascension to Heaven) and the raising of the Mu’ath-thiin’s (caller to Prayer) voice in offering peace and blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) after pronouncing Athaan (call to prayer) and the like… read more here.

Someone who recites the Qur’aan over the dead before and after burial, and does Talqeen to dead

Question: What is the ruling on a person who persists in committing Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) like reciting Qur’aan over the dead before and after burial, slaughtering a sheep to prepare food for the attendees of the funeral, reciting the supplication of Al-Qadiriyyah Order “O Allaah, for the sake of Ahmad’s honor, facilitate our mission!”, burning incense in their gatherings, reciting Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”) while walking in the funeral procession. They also practice Talqeen to the dead (standing by their grave in an attempt to remind them to say: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”)? Consequently, Fitnah (hostile divisions) arises due to people’s rejection of the acts of Sunnah which contradict their desires.

Some scholars say that people who commit these Bidahs are disbelievers, as they do not abide by the Prophet's warning against Bidahs. Other scholars view that those people are sinners, but are not taken out of Islaam.

Answer: Bidahs are not all equal in evil. Some Bidahs represent sins that are lesser than Kufr (disbelief). For example reciting the Qur’aan over the dead before or after their burial and slaughtering a sheep to prepare food for the attendees of the funeral are Bidahs. Reciting Tahleel while walking in the funeral procession and Talqeen to the dead person at the grave are Bidahs… read more here.

Ways of denouncing Bid`ah (innovation in religion)

Question: Some people prefer to avoid discussing subjects related to Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) or acts of Sunnah. According to them, discussing these matters may lead parties to fall into troubles that may further develop into clashes with the audience who are ignorant of the Prophet’s Sunnah. Consequently, Fitnah (hostile divisions) arises due to people’s rejection of the acts of Sunnah which contradict their desires.

Is it true that a person who purifies Aqeedah (Islaamic creed) from Bid'ahs is a troublemaker? Or is this nickname applied to a person who violates the norms of Shareeah?

Answer: The Islaamic Daa`iyah (caller) should be both knowledgeable and wise enough when enjoining right or forbidding wrong. He should also balance between the public interests of people, giving precedence to the preponderant interest over the preponderated one… read more here.

The meaning of “Newly invented things” (innovation in religion)

Question: What are the “Newly invented things” (mentioned in a Hadeeth)?

Answer: The Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Beware of newly invented things (in religion) includes all things which people have introduced into the Islaamic religion. They are the acts of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) in creed, worship, and all things that are neither mentioned in the Qur’an nor in the authentically reported Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him); however, people have taken them as religious rites in worshipping Allaah… read more here.

Meaning of Bid‘ah Al-Hasanah and Bid‘ah As-Sayyi’ah (good innovation and evil innovation)

Question: Scholars hold different opinions concerning Bid‘ah (innovation in religion); some of them say that there is a good Bid‘ah and a bad one. Is this true?

Answer: Bid‘ah, it can be defined as all things invented or acts done for which there is no precedent. It can be either related to the dealings and affairs of worldly life, such as inventing planes, cars, trains, electrical devices, cooking utensils, air conditioners used for warming and cooling, and even war machines such as bombs, submarines, tanks, and other objects made to serve people in this world. Such things in themselves are permissible and there is no sin in inventing them… read more here.

Validity of the theory of evolution

Question: Some people claim that long ago humans were apes, and then later evolved into the current form. Is this true? Is there evidence for this?

Answer: This claim is not true. The evidence is found in the Quraan’ where Allaah describes the stages of Aadam’s creation, as He states, Verily, the likeness of ‘Eesaa (Jesus) before Allaah is the likeness of Aadam. He created him from dust (Soorah Aal-‘Imraan, 3: 59)… read more here.

Movement of a soul (Rooh) from one person to another

Question: Our philosophy teacher told us that the soul moves from one person to another. Is this correct? If this is correct, then how can the soul of one person be called to account and punished then moved to another person who will also be brought to account because of the deeds of the same soul?

Answer: It is not true that the soul moves from one person to another as is claimed by this philosophy teacher. This is based on the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Aadam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam’s loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): “Am I not your Lord?” They said: “Yes! We testify,” lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: “Verily, we have been unaware of this.”

Regarding the interpretation of this Aayah, Maalik related in his Muwatta’ that `Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) was asked about the interpretation of this Aayah… read more here.

Al-Mahdiyyah sect

Question: There is a Sufi Order called “Al-Ansar” (the followers of Al-Mahdee) which is widespread in Western Sudan. The supporters of this order are millions of common people. Al-Mahdee said in his publications: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to walk before my army and give me glad tidings of victory.” What is your opinion about these superstitions and deceit?

Answer: Firstly: The claim that this man is Al-Mahdee and that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to walk before his army and give him glad tidings of triumph is an open lie and contradiction to the Sharee`ah and the realities agreed upon among Muslims… read more here.

Freemasonry

Question:

a) What is the ruling on a man who bequeathed to be buried in a coffin?
b) A Muslim who was a Mason died. The Islaamic Funeral Prayer was observed for him followed by the rites of Freemasonry. What is the Islaamic ruling on this dead person and on those who performed these rites or allowed them to be performed?
c) What is Freemasonry? What is the Islaamic ruling regarding it?

Answer: a) Placing the deceased in a coffin was an unknown practice at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or the time of the Sahaabah (the Companions of the Prophet – may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Druze (Batini Qarmatians)

Question: All praise is due to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon His Prophet, upon his family and Companions.

To proceed:
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ have studied the letter sent by His Excellency the Deputy-Interior Minister to his Eminence the General Chairman No. 2/5400 on 15/5/1397 A.H. The Committee also read the two brochures attached to his letter detailing two alleged debates: The first was held between a durzi student who is studying in Al-Az-har and someone that he claimed to be the Grand Shaykh of Al-Azhar called Mustafa Al-Rafiee. The second was held between a person who ascribed himself (according to the letter) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaaah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community) called Shaykh Al-Haq Al-Husaynee and a durzi professor called Aboo Hasan Hany Zaydan. According to the request of His Excellency to study this letter, the response comes as follows:

Firstly: An abstract about the doctrine of the Druze which unveils their reality.
Secondly: A brief explanation about the two debates explaining their illusion and misconception.

Answer: Druze are a secret sect of the Batini Qarmatians who entertain camouflaging their religious convictions to deceive non-Durzi people. Sometimes, they pretend to be religious, ascetic, pious and show false religious jealousy… read more here.

Barelvi sect

Question: In Pakistan, there is an order known as the Barelvis or the order of Nawaree, as named after its current leader Nuwaree. I ask Your Eminence about the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on this order, its beliefs and the validity of offering Salaah (Prayer) behind one of its members. May your answer relieve many confused hearts that are unaware of the truth! I again remind you of some of their common myths and beliefs, which are:

1- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is alive
2- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) knows the Ghayb (unseen) and is present, especially after the Jumuah (Friday) Prayer
3- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has the right of giving intercession in advance
4- Believing in the Awliyaa' (pious people) and the dead at whose graves they offer Salaah and ask for help
5- Building domes and lighting the graves
6- Repeating their famous supplication: O Muhammad, the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
7- Getting angry with anyone who says Ta'meen (saying: "Aameen" after reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah) aloud and raise their hands in Salah and considering them as belonging to the Wahhabi order
8- Finding it extremely strange that people use Miswaak (tooth-cleansing stick) before offering Salaah
9- Kissing the fingers during Wudoo' (ablution) and Athaan (call to Prayer) as well as after Salaah
10- Their Imaam always recites the following Aayah (Qur'anic verse) after Salaah: Allaah sends His Salaat (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and also His angels (ask Allaah to bless and forgive him). Consequently, the Ma'mums (persons being led by the Imaam in Prayer) invoke Allaah to send peace upon the Prophet collectively and loudly.
11- Gathering in circles after the Jumu
ah Prayer and engaging in loud singing and praise
12- Serving many kinds of food, including desserts, inside the Masjid (mosque) after ending the recitation of the whole Glorious Qur’aan during Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)
13- Building Masjids and being too preoccupied with decorating them in addition to writing on the Mihraab: O Muhammad
14- Considering themselves the followers of the Sunnah and true Aqeedah (creed) and deeming those who do not follow their order as wrong
15- What is the ruling of Sharee
ah (Islaamic law) on offering Salaah behind the members of this order?
It is worth mentioning that I am a medical school student, living in Karachi near a Masjid subject to the supervision of the Barelvi order.

Answer: It is impermissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who adopts such beliefs. If the Ma’mum knows that the Imaam adopts these beliefs, then the Salaah of the former will not be valid. Most of these beliefs entail Kufr (disbelief) and Bid`ah (rejected innovations in religion)… read more here.

Al-Baatiniyyah

Question: What is the view of Sunni scholars regarding Al-Ismaa`iliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan.

Following are some of their views that explain their doctrine:

1- The word of Shahaadah: ‘I testify that there is no god but Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and Alee, the Commander of Believers, is Allaah.' The Ismailis and Agha khans say these words are the word of Shahaadat Al-Tawheed i.e. the testimony of belief in monotheism, and the true word of Islaam.
2- The Imaam: They believe that Agha Khan Shah Karim is their Imaam (religious leader) who has dominion over everything; the earth, the heavens, and what is in and between them. They even believe he is the supreme ruler of the whole world.
3- The Shareeah: They do not believe in the truth of Islaamic Shareeah. In fact, they believe that Agha Khan is the embodiment and the true tongue of the Qur’aan. They also believe that he is the “Kabah" and "Al-Bayt-al-Ma'moor" (i.e. Allaah's House in the seventh heaven) and the one to be followed and no one else. Their books say that the word "Allah" mentioned in the Qur'aan is the apparent term used to refer to Imaam Agha Khan.
4- Salaah (Prayer): They do not believe that the Five Prayers are obligatory. Only three formulae of supplication are required instead.
5- The Masjid (mosque): They take a place of worship called Jama
at khanah instead of mosques.
6- Zakaah (obligatory charity): They deny that Zakaah is obligatory. They instead allocate 10% of their wealth to the Agha Khan calling it as “dushond” or “Mal-Al-Waajibat i.e. money for religious obligations”.
7- Sawm (Fast): They deny that it is obligatory to fast the month of Ramadaan.
8- They do not believe that Hajj is obligatory, rather they believe that their belief in Agha Khan is itself Hajj.
9- Salaam (Islaamic greeting): Instead of the Islaamic formula of greeting, they invented a special greeting. When one of them meets another, he says, “Alee madad" (MayAlee help you!). The other replies, “Mawla Alee madad" i.e., (Alee is a sufficient master for help!) This is a brief note about their sayings and the `Aqeedahs (creeds) they adopt.

Now I would like to ask few questions:

1- Are the Isma`ilis considered a Muslim sect or a disbelieving one?

2- Is it permissible to offer Funeral Prayer for their dead people?

3- Is it permissible to bury them in the Muslims’ graves? 4- Is it permissible to intermarry with them?

5- Is the meat of their sacrificed animals lawful for Muslims?

6- Should they be treated like Muslims?

In the Name of Allaah, the Great, we ask you to answer our request for Fatwaa to dispel the doubts in many Muslims’ minds. In the past, the followers of this sect used to hide their false Aqeedah (creed), therefore the early Muslim shaykhs called them Al-Baatiniyyah (those who hide their real faith). Nowadays, they overtly call people to their falseAqeedah (creed) to lead Muslims astray in matters related to `Aqeedah (creed) and for some other purposes we do not yet know.

Answer: First, The belief that Allaah is incarnated in `Alee or in any other being is sheer disbelief that excludes a person from Islaam. Likewise, the belief that any being other than Allaah (Glorified be He) can control the heavens and earth, is disbelief as well. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Ruling on religious persecution in Islaam

Question: Does Islaam permit persecution on a religious basis? Bohras are Muslims who believe in all the teachings of Islaam and the Qur’aan. All Muslims should believe in the Qur’aan.

Answer: Islam does not permit persecution against true Muslims who are truthful in their faith and in following the Qur’aan and the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him. Moreover, doing so is prohibited and may be considered Kufr (disbelief)… read more here.

The leader of Bohras claiming he has the right to socially boycott those who object to him

Question: He claims that he has the right to announce repudiation and social boycott from those who object to these deeds.

Answer: If these are the traits of the senior scholar as is mentioned in the question, Bohras then he is not permitted to announce repudiation from those who object to what he commits of kinds of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

The leader of Bohras claiming he owns all Waqf properties

Question: The leader of Bohras, India, claims that he owns all the Waqf (endowments) properties and he will not be called to account for all the Sadaqah (voluntary charity). He was claimed to be Allaah on earth, by the late scholar, Taahir Sayf Al-Deen, during a case in the High Court of Bombay, who said that he has complete power over his followers.

Answer: What was mentioned in the question, regarding the claims of the leader of Bohras, that he owns all the Waqf properties, that he will not be called to account for all the Sadaqah, and that he is Allaah on earth, all these are false claims, whether they were made by him or by others… read more here.

The grand scholar of Bohras claims to be the overall controller of the soul and eemaan

Question: The grand scholar of Bohras claims to be the overall controller of the soul and faith – meaning, religious beliefs – on behalf of his followers.

Answer: If it is true that the grand scholar of Bohras claims to be as such, his claim is false. However, his claim denotes one of two possible meanings, both of which are false. First, by claiming that he is the controller of the souls and faith he might mean that the hearts and souls are controlled by him so that he directs them wherever he likes either guiding them to faith or leading them astray… read more here.