The Prophet attending Al-Mawlid celebrations

Question: What is the ruling on celebrating Al-Mawlid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s birthday)? Is it true that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) attends it in person?

Answer: Honoring the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) can be achieved by believing in his Message and acting according to the Law revealed by Allaah through him, whereas celebrating his birthday is an act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

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Sharee`ah violations during Al-Mawlid celebrations

Question: Dear Chairman and members of the Fatwaa Committee, there are some villages here in Jordan, particularly in my village of Kharja, where they continually read the birth story of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the following manner:

1. A group of men, which sometimes also includes some women, read the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). In this story there are claims such as: “Anyone whose name is Muhammad will be called by a summoner from Allaah on the Day of Resurrection, and it will be said to them: Enter Paradise in honor of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him),” and “Anyone who invokes blessings upon Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) thousand times, Allaah will prohibit the Fire from touching their body,” and “When `Abdullaah, the father of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), married Aminah one hundred women in Makkah died, because they had not married `Abdullaah.” Also, when the narrator reaches the part relating the Prophet’s mother giving birth to him, everyone stands up; and when they read the part about his birth, they recite it, to show respect for Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). There are even more exaggerated acts performed in a birthday commemoration called Mawlid Al-‘Arawy.

2. They put some barley in the middle of the gathering and burn incense. After the recitation, everyone takes a small amount of the barley, over which the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is recited, to be used in treating any illness.

3. During the celebrations, some women utter Zagharid (trilling cries of joy) by the door of the room where the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is being told, to express their happiness at the recitation, in front of the men. No one objects to any of this, except me.I, on my part, have objected and denounced their acts, for I have heard many of your Fataawaa (legal opinions issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) on the radio, but they do not listen to me.

Answer: Firstly, it is permissible and encouraged to read the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography) to learn the rites and acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to perform, in words and deeds, and learn about his noble manners. However, gathering regularly at a certain date to relate the Prophet’s birth narrative is a detestable Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that neither took place during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) nor that of the first three generations of Islaam, which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) attested to their being the best of all… read more here.

Ruling on offices and schools taking the day of the Mawlid as a holiday

Question: May Allaah keep you as a pillar supporting the Muslim Ummah (nation based on one creed). What is your opinion on schools and factories taking holidays or giving Khutbah (sermons), lectures, and so on, as we do here in Africa on the occasion of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: Celebrating Mawlid and taking holidays on this occasion are acts of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Neither the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) nor his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them) did this… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid and Israa’ and Mi`raaj

Question: What is the ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) and the night of Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven) with the purpose of calling to Islaam and showing the rites of Islaam as is done in Indonesia?

Answer: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) called to Islaam through words, deeds and Jihaad (striving in the Cause of Allaah). Although he was the most knowledgeable about the ways of Da‘wah (Call to Allaah) and how to spread Islaam and show its rites, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not ever celebrate his birthday or the night of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj while he was the most aware and appreciative of the value of these days… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Prophet’s Mawlid during Rabee‘ Al-Awwal in his honor

Question: Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in Rabee‘ Al-Awwal as a tribute to the Prophet (peace & blessings of Allaah be upon him)?

Answer: Paying tribute to the Prophet (peace & blessings of Allaah be upon him) and respecting him should be expressed by belief in all that was revealed to him from Allaah; following his Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) in beliefs, words, deeds and manners; and by shunning Bid‘ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

The Sunnah of placing the deceased in the grave

Question: In our country, when a Muslim dies, people supplicate to Allaah to have mercy upon that dead Muslim on the same day of death, then after seven days, and then after forty days, repeating it thrice. Some scholars have said that in their country when a Muslim dies and is placed into the grave, people just say, “May peace and blessings be upon the noble Prophet,” and then they return home, without any Du‘aa’ (supplication). They just supplicate to Allaah for the dead while offering Funeral Prayer. We want to know what invocatory practices of Sunnah we should follow for the dead Muslims.

Answer: First, dedicating the first day or the first seven days after death, or the fortieth day to supplicate to Allaah for the dead is an act which has no base in the Qur’aan or the Sunnah. This was not a practice of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) or any of the Salaf (righteous predecessors); it is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stated… read more here.

Celebrating the Prophet’s Birthday (Mawlid)

Question: The people here hold an eleven-day celebration in commemoration of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in Rabee‘ Al-Awwal. They gather the Muslims together and do acts that express joy until the day of the event. However, some scholars say that there is no good in this. I would, therefore, like to ask you what the ruling on this is; do you do in your country anything in celebration of his birthday?

Q 2: What is the ruling on rejoicing at the occasion of celebrating the Mawlid in this month?

Answer: Celebrating the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

The heavens and the earth were created for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Is it true?

Question: Muslim brothers, I want you to enlighten me and answer a question that worries me greatly about the beloved and chosen Messenger of Allaah, Muhammad, may peace and blessings be upon him, his family and Companions. Muslim brothers, I heard some Shaykhs in the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) ceremonies saying that if it were not for Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), the heavens and the earth would not have been created, and that Allaah created him (the Prophet) before Adam (peace be upon him) by thousands of years. They also say that Allaah (Exalted and Glorified be He) has created the sun from the light of the Prophet’s forehead, the stars from the light of his teeth, and many other similar things which I cannot recall. I also hear that “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah, Muhammad Rasoolul-Allaah” (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah) is written on the gate of Jannah (Paradise). I have asked some scholars about these sayings, some confirmed them, but others did not. This has put me in confusion; which of the two parties should I believe? I feel afraid and always distracted. I remember when I went this year on the occasion of the Prophet’s birth to Daar Al-Qur’aan in Amman to celebrate this blessed night.

Shaykh Hazim Abu Ghazalah was narrating part of the Prophet’s biography (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), saying that whenever he visits the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) he approaches the iron window surrounding it, pretending to remove dust, but he in fact distracts the attention of guards to seek blessings. He added that one of his friends once brought him some dust from the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and that the smell of this dust is more fragrant than perfume.

As I heard this story, I remembered an incident that happened to me ten years ago when I went with some friends to visit the Church of the Resurrection. The purpose of the visit was to have fun and flirt with foreign Christian women there, may Allaah forgive us all. There, in that church, we met one of the monks who offered us some perfume and told us it was the water with which Al-Maseeh (Jesus, peace be upon him) was baptized. I do not know what made me link between these two incidents in my mind, but I really suffered.

Back to the Shaykh, he then started celebrating with the attendees by standing, jumping, and bending in irregular movements to the extent that Allaah’s Words, which they were reciting, were hardly heard from them. I did not like this scene, so I left. But doubts started to afflict me whether I did right or wrong. The same incident was repeated on Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) and all other religious ceremonies.

I beseech you by Allaah to guide me as I am suffering greatly. I would also like to ask Your Eminence: Am I or any Muslim permitted to see the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) from the window? I was lucky enough to visit it and stand by the window. I wished I were a butterfly to be able to draw closer to his grave, not for any other reason but to be close to him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). I believe that the grave is made of dust and that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and his Messenger are in the heart of every believer. I wish I can visit the sacred places just to watch the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), the Sacred Rawdah (the area between the Prophet’s pulpit and grave)and the Sacred Ka‘bah, but I cannot afford the journey, and Allaah burdens not a person beyond their capability.

Answer: Firstly, Celebrating the birth of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is an act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that was not observed by him (peace be upon him), any of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, or his Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Innovations during the 17th night of Ramadaan

Question: Some People recite the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and Soorah Yaaseen and Soorah Al-Faatihah, dedicating them to those who were martyred in the Battle of Badr on the 17th day of Ramadaan. They gather in the Hanafee Masjid and supplicate to Allaah for their sake. They also recite the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), Soorah Yaaseen and Soorah Al-Faatihah then make supplication. Is doing so sanctioned by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) or not? Please, show us the truth about this matter with citing evidence! May Allaah reward you!

Answer: Texts of Sharee‘ah denote the sublimity of the status of our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his lofty position. He is the Khaleel (close friend) of Allaah and His most beloved one. He is the last of Allaah’s Messengers and the best of all His creatures. They also indicate that none will truly believe until his love for Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is superior to his love for himself, parents, children and all mankind. There is no other Shar‘ (law) except that with which he was sent and he conveyed to his Ummah (nation). Allaah did not take his soul except after religion was completed and the grace of Allaah upon His servants was perfected… read more here.

Claiming that the heavens and earth were created for the Prophet and the ruling on seeking blessings from the dust at his grave

Question: There is a widely-circulated tradition observed by common Muslim people in our country and some of the upper class as well. They hold an annul remembrance gathering to commemorate the Mawlid (birthday) of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Someone starts the gathering by reciting some Aayaat of the Noble Qur’aan while sitting and then some scholars speak about the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) until the end when they tell people to stand up in reverence of Ahmad (one of the names of the Prophet, peace be upon him). They believe that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is not like humans, for – they believe, he is created from Allaah’s own Light, that he is present everywhere, seeing everything, and that he is everywhere, witnessing festivals of his birthday and listening to what they say. They stand up and chant:

O Prophet, peace be upon you!

O Prophet, peace be upon you!

O Messenger, peace be upon you!

O beloved, peace be upon you!

Allaah’s Blessings be upon you!

Was this present wide-spread custom practiced at the time of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and their Taabi‘oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) or not?

Is remembering the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) using these words and paying him reverence when mentioning his birth something good or bad? Sunnah or Bid‘ah (innovation in religion)? Right or Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)?

Please, elaborate on the topic by citing examples of the practices of the Sahabah and their Taabi‘oon (may Allaah be pleased with them all).

Answer: First, holding a celebration to commemorate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) is a Bid‘ah that goes against the guidance of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Rightly-guided Caliphs and the Sahaabah (Companions), may Allaah be pleased with them all.

It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam), will have it rejected. His Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz issued a detailed Fatwaa concerning the ruling on celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Greeting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) at his grave

Question: Did the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) use to stand when greeting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? When is it permissible to greet the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while standing? If greeting him while standing is permissible at the blessed Rawdah (the area between the Prophet’s pulpit and grave), why it is not permissible if a person is away from it?

Answer: Standing in an upright position beside the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when greeting him with peace is not for the sake of paying salutation to measure against it the necessity of standing up when greeting him at any other place… read more here.

Ruling on standing up when greeting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)

Question: Did the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) forbid the people from standing to greet the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?

Answer: It was never the habit of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) to stand up when greeting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), when visiting his grave, or at any other time… read more here.

Permissibility of sending peace and blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)

Question: If paying salutation is Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), can we prevent people from invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the honorable Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?

Answer: Invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon our Prophet and his fellow Prophets is not Bid‘ah as was mentioned by the questioner. They are lawful acts as evident from the previously stated proofs… read more here.

Greeting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) more than once

Question: Some people believe that it is obligatory to invoke peace and blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) once in their lifetime and anything that exceeds this is Mustahab (desirable).

Answer: Invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet is Fard (obligatory, based on a definitive text), for Allaah’s Command in His Saying (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Prophet’s birthday (Mawlid)

Question: Celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday): a meeting is held in commemoration of that occasion in which people talk about the life of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), offer prayer, mention the qualities of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and invoke Allaah’s blessings on him. They recite an invocation of blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by heart (they stand, stretching their arms, and recite an invocation of blessings upon him by heart).

Answer: Holding a celebration to commemorate the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is impermissible, for being a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that was never done by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), the Rightly-guided Caliphs, or any of the scholars of the best three generations… read more here.

Death of the disobedient amongst the inmates of Hellfire

Question: Will Allaah cause the disobedient people of this Ummah (Nation) to suffer real death, if they enter Hellfire? What is the meaning of “They will never taste death therein”? Has this been mentioned in a Hadeeth?

Answer: (a) Neither Kuffaar (disbelievers) nor Mu’mineen (believers) or the disobedient among believers will die after their first death when their time comes in the Worldly life, whether it is real death or unreal death like sleeping… read more here.

People in Barzakh

Question: Is the Hadeeth stating that the People of Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection) see and speak to each other authentic?

Answer: We know of no reliable report from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) concerning this issue… read more here.

The return of the soul in the Worldly life

Question: I would like to tell Your Eminence that I have read the book entitled Al-Qawl Al-Jalee fee Hukm Al-Tawassul bil-Nabee wa Al-Waliy by the Salafee Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Salaam Khadir. This book was corrected, and some comments were added to it by Shaykh Ismaa`eel Al-Ansaree, and it was printed by the press of Presidency of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Ifta’, Da`wah and Guidance in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. On the twelfth page I found the following narration: What is reported by Ibn Abul-Dunya with his Sanad on the authority of Thaabit on the authority of Anas who said: We visited a man from Al-Ansaar, and he was sick and unable to move, so we did not leave till he died, we covered his body with some of his clothes. He then said: I unveiled his face, and we did not leave until we ate with him.

Kindly, what is your opinion regarding this? Is it possible to return the soul by seeking the help of one of the `Awliya’? I hope you explain this issue in the light of texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, may Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) guide and bless you and us with good, and make the Hereafter better for you than this worldly life.

Answer: Firstly, this story is utterly baseless, for which we know not any evidence. Supposing that it is valid, it could be said that the act of death that happened was not real as far as these people are concerned, and that his soul was not really captured, such as in the case of those suffering heart failure. In this case the soul of the patient is not captured, rather he enters a state of stillness followed by movement of the body once more, and here people think that his soul returned to him contrary to the reality that it was not really captured… read more here.

Ruling on turning the radio on in the Masjid before the time of Salaah

Question: We live in a small village whose people adhere to the Sunnah from a long time ago. This is from the virtue of Allaah, and then the efforts of our ancestors (may Allaah be merciful with them). I accompanied some of them, and Allaah made them a reason for my guidance. I tried my best, praise be to Allaah, to spread the Sunnah in the country, and work for Da`wah (call to Allaah) to the utmost of my ability. I lead people in Salaah (prayer) since 1977, and after the incidents that have happened in Egypt recently, the ministry of Waqfs (Endowments) sent a Khateeb (preacher) to the Masjid (mosque) of our village. At the beginning, this Khateeb convinced us that he would pursue the same Manhaj (methodology) we adopt, and after he became firmly established in the Masjid, he began propagating the idea of putting a radio in the Masjid for people to listen to the recitation of the Qur’an before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer, as is done in other Masjids in Egypt. Of course, there were many ignorant followers who agreed with him, and they put a radio connected to a loudspeakers before Salah. I personally tried to prevent him from this act.

I even exposed him to the evidences stating the impermissibility of reciting the Qur’aan loudly where people offer their Salaah, and that such a deed is nothing but reviving a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) and nullifying an act of Sunnah. He responded by arguing that if this was prohibited, then why is it widespread in all Masjids of Egypt? The matter has gone so far that they placed the body of a dead person in the bier right in front of the people before Jumu`ah Prayer, and after finishing it, we offered Funeral Prayer for him. I tried to prevent him from doing this before Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer due to the impermissibility of such a deed, but he refused and said that this is the opinion of Imaam Maalik who sees that it as a lesson for the living. I told him that Imam Malik regarded offering Funeral prayer in all Masjids as Makrooh (disliked). However, he remained deaf to my opinion, and was apparently convinced of his own. The path for newly invented Bid`ahs has been paved by the coming of this Khateeb, and there will be more of such Bid`ahs. I am really perplexed and do not know what to do, especially that there are those who want to adhere to the Sunnah, and shun the way to Bid`ah. It should be taken into consideration that this is the only Masjid in the village, and I am thinking of deserting this Masjid, and offering Salaah in one of the Sunni Masjids in Alexandria. However, if I do that, more kinds of Bid`ahs will find their way, and those willing to adhere to the Sunnah will be without help, not to mention their inability to offer Salaah in other Sunni Masjids due to their scarcity in the rural areas and the countryside.

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to put a radio or the like to listen to the recitation of the Qur’aan loudly in the Masjid on Friday before the Imaam ascends the pulpit… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan and supplicating before the Athaan

Question: At the time of Fajr prayer, Qur’aan, and some supplications are recited and then Athaan (call to Prayer) is pronounced. Is this an act of Sunnah or not? What is the ruling on it?

Answer: Persistence in doing what is mentioned, i.e. Reciting Qur’aan and some supplications before the Athaan of Fajr Prayer is not an act of Sunnah but rather an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’

Question: We have some prevailing customs that after Du`aa’ (supplication), the Imaam recites Soorah Al-Faatihah, and raises his hands with the Ma’moomeen (those being led by an Imaam in Prayer), and one of them recites Al-Fatihah. Upon finishing his recitation, they all say ‘Aameen’ while placing their hands over their faces.

Answer: It is not permissible to recite Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’, because this was neither reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), nor the Rightly-Guided Caliphs… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah after Salaah

Question: Is it an act of Sunnah or is it permissible to recite Soorah Al-Faatihah after performing the obligatory Salaah individually or in congregation? Appreciate your guidance, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is not an act of Sunnah to recite Soorah Al-Faatihah after performing the obligatory Salaah whether individually or in congregation… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah and concluding by reciting, “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power”

Question: We are a group of Muslim immigrants who work in France. We were gathered on Taqwaa (fear/wariness of offending Allaah) and following the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We, by Allaah’s Will, managed to assign a hall to perform the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers. We chose an Imaam, may Allaah help him with this burden.

In addition, we arranged to hold sessions on preaching and guidance from time to time. However, this group has started to gradually break up because each one of us says after Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), “Subhaan Allah [Glory be to Allaah]” thirty-three times, “Al-hamdu lillaah [All praise is due to Allaah]” thirty-three times, and Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]” thirty-three times,” as an implementation of the Prophet’s Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah, The poor people went to the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and said, “The wealthy have obtained the highest ranks and lasting bliss. They perform Salaah (Prayer) as we perform Salaah, and they observe Sawm (Fasting) as we observe Sawm, but they have more wealth with which they perform Hajj and `Umrah, and give Sadaqah (voluntary charity).” He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Shall I tell you something that if you act upon it you will catch up with those who are ahead of you, and you will get ahead of those who are behind you? No one will be better than you, except those who do as you do. Say, “Subhan Allaah (Glory be to Allaah),” “Al-hamdu lillaah (All praise is due to Allaah),” and “Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest)” thirty-three times after every Salaah.” Each one of us says the formula mentioned in the Hadeeth subvocally. After that we recite Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah (the second part of Tashahhud) in congregation and end our gathering by reciting, “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praise and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” Some of the fellow brothers dissociated themselves from this practice. They said that it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), which we will bear its sin and the sin of those who follow us until the Day of Resurrection.

Please give us a Fatwaa regarding this matter. Is the recitation of Al-Faatihah, Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, and the last three Aayaat of Soorah Al-Saaffaat (180-182) in congregation good or is it a Bid`ah? Those fellow men do not perform Salaah with us anymore until we abandon this practice.There should be a Fatwaa to end this disagreement.

In case we are wrong, we will abstain from it and ask Allaah to forgive us but in case we are right, we invoke Allaah to guide those fellow brothers. We hope there will be no cause for disagreements, which destroy and shatter Muslims’ unity.

Answer: It is not permissible to recite Al-Faatihah and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, and end the gathering with reciting the last three Aayaat of Soorah Al-Saffat because it is Bid`ah. This is not reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Ruling on offering Du`aa’ for the dead before moving the body, after the Funeral Prayer and after burial

Question: Before someone is buried, much attention is paid to washing their body, and before they are taken to the grave, people offer Du`aa’ (supplication) for them. When they reach the grave, people conduct the Funeral Prayer. After this, people offer Du`aa’ again for the dead and then the body is placed into the grave. The earth is heaped on the grave till the body is covered completely, water is splattered on it, a Soorah of the Qur’aan is recited, and people make another Du`aa’ for the third time.

Answer: Offering Du`aa’ for the dead when washing or enshrouding them is permissible, for Du`aa’ benefits the dead… read more here.

Making Thikr by only uttering the Shahaadah

Question: Is it permissible to make Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) by uttering Laa ilaaha illa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah) in addition to Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah? And what is the ruling on making Thikr by these words on a regular basis?

Answer: Bearing witness to the Oneness of Allaah, and to the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is obligatory and without which one cannot be called a Muslim… read more here.

Allocating specific Thikr for a certain day in the name of Salafiyyah

Question: Some brothers in Pakistan claim that they are Salafee Muslims (those acting upon the views of Salaf [righteous predecessors]) but they always hold sessions for Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah) on Thursdays after the `Asr (afternoon) Prayers. They think the time after `Asr Prayer is a suitable time, if not the most suitable time, for Thikr. As to the manner in which they perform Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah), it is as follows: One of them sits in front of the group and starts saying “Allaah” in a loud voice.

Other people repeat after him in a lower voice. Then he says, “Subhaan Allaah” (Glory be to Allaah) or “Al-Hamdu-lillaah” (Praise be to Allaah), and so on, and they repeat after him. These brothers think that in this way they are purifying their souls. They quote some of the Ahaadeeth that encourage holding sessions of Thikr to justify this practice. What is the ruling on them?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, these people are not Salafees’. Their practice does not belong to Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) either. In fact they are committing Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on making Thikr loudly while swaying

Question: What is the ruling on those who make Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in unison and raise their voices while jumping and swaying from side to side?

Answer: It is not permissible to do this, for this way is Bid`ah (innovation in religion). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on saying Thikr collectively between Taraaweeh prayers

Question: In Ramadan We find people in some Masjids (mosques) who invoke Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet, the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, the Mothers of the Believers, and the Ten Sahaabah (Companions) given the glad tidings of entering Jannah (Paradise) loudly in congregation. They do this following each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) of Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) in a specific order known to them. What is the ruling on this? How many Rak`ahs are there in Taraaweeh prayer? When is it performed? Is it performed on the night of the first or the second day of Ramadaan? What is the ruling on some Imaams reciting half an Aayah, one, or two short Aayaat in Taraaweeh and Maghrib prayer especially in Ramadaan?

Answer: Dhikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet in congregation after Fard (obligatory) or Nafilah (supererogatory) prayer, or following each two Rak`ahs of Taraaweeh is Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Reciting Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’

Question: Did the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recite Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’ (supplication)?

Answer: It is not reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him be upon him) used to recite Al-Faatihah after du`aa’, as far as we know. So, this is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on invoking blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) aloud and making collective Du`aa’ after Salaah

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling on the following: Invoking peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after the congregational Salaah (Prayers), making Du`aa’ (supplication) collectively after offering Salaah, reciting a Hizb (a 60th portion of the Qur’aan) collectively, singing in different styles, and praying behind a blind Imaam who sometimes makes mistakes in recitation?

Answer: Firstly, invoking peace and blessing upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is greatly rewarded and enjoined by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Glorious Qur’aan. Additionally, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) encourages Muslims to conduct this practice as it entails double reward based on the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) Hadeeth… read more here.

Ruling on a Khateeb and listener talking during the Khutbah

Question: We saw an Imaam in Al-Bulaydah who, while standing above the pulpit, said to the worshippers: “Say that there is no god but Allaah”. Therefore, people pronounced Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”) and Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”). Is it right for the Imaam to say that? Is it right for the followers to pronounce Tahleel? What is the meaning of the Hadeeth that says: “If you (even) ask your companion to be quiet on Friday while the Imaam is delivering the sermon, you have in fact talked irrelevance.” We would like an answer for this questions.

Answer: First, If the Khateeb (preacher) intends by saying to the listeners: “Say that Allah is One,” to guide them to what is obligatory upon them concerning Tawheed Al-`Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship), Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship) and Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ wal-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes), he will not be blamed even if they misunderstood him and pronounced Tahleel and Takbeer in loud voices. But they have committed a mistake due to their misunderstanding and in raising their voices… read more here.

Reciting selected lines of poetry after Friday Salaah

Question: After every Friday Prayer, people in our country recite the following lines of poetry. Is this permissible?

These lines read:
O Lord, I deserve not in Paradise to dwell
Nor can I endure the fire of Hell
So may you my repentance accept and my sins obliterate
For indeed You forgive sins, no matter how great.

Answer: A Muslim is allowed to make Du`aa’ (supplication) and to beseech Allaah humbly at any time and in all circumstances. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah for the dead and otherwise

Question: Some people may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for the soul of so-and-so!” or “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for Allaah to make such-and-such work easy for us!” People then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Besides, a person may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah” after he finishes reciting the Qur’aan. The listeners then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Also it is a habit of some people to recite Al-Faatihah as a betrothal ceremony. What is the ruling on all these deeds?

Answer: Reciting Al-Faatihah by the listeners after invoking Allaah, reciting the Qur’aan or as a betrothal ceremony is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). None of these deeds is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions) (may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Desirability of observing the Sharee`ah way of Thikr

Question: What is the ruling on saying any formula of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) in a specific number of times? How can it be impermissible while there are the two following Hadeeth: If anyone invokes blessings on me once on Friday, Allaah will bless them ten times, and whoever invokes blessings on me ten times, Allaah will bless them one hundred times and Whoever says: ‘There is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah. He is alone, Who has no partner. To Him belongs the sovereignty and to Him praise is due. He gives life and causes death and He is Potent over everything,’ a hundred times every day, they will get the reward of emancipating one thousand persons from the progeny of Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) ?

Answer: It is desirable to say the formulae of Thikr for a specific number of times, if this is stated in the Share`ah (Islaamic law). Regarding the formulae of Thikr for which there is no mention of a specific number of times, it is permissible to say them without being bound by a specific number. Accordingly, this permissibility does not contradict the authenticity of the Ahaadeeth mentioned above… read more here.

Repetition of the phrase: “Yaa Lateef”

Question: There is a group of people in our Masjid (mosque) who always repeat the phrase “Yaa Lateef” (O Most Kind and Gentle) 122 times after reciting Allaah’s Noble Names. Is this valid?

Answer: This is impermissible, because this has not been reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who stated in an authentic Hadeeth… read more here.

Swaying while saying Dhikr

Question: Some people in Egypt and its rural areas say Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) collectively while swaying. Does this act have an origin in Islaam?

Answer: This act has no origin in Islaam. Rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), which contradicts the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)… read more here.

Making Thikr collectively and reciting the entire Qur’aan together in one voice

Question: What is the ruling on making Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) collectively in one voice as done by the followers of Sufi orders in Al-Hadrah (A Sufi session of Thikr) or as called in Morocco, Al-`Imaarah, and the collective recitation of the Qur’aan in one voice in Masaajid (mosques), houses and celebrations.

Answer: Making collective Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), reciting the entire Qur’aan together in Al-Hadrah (Sufi session of Thikr) and reciting the entire Qur’aan in one voice in the Masaajid (mosques), houses, celebrations, and funerals, all have no origin in the Sharee`ah… read more here.

Assigning someone to recite the daily Wird of the morning and the evening

Question: When some Muslim brothers set out on a journey or to perform `Umrah, they ask one of them to recite the Wird (portion recited with consistency) of the morning and the evening reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), while the rest of the group listen to him. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say certain forms of Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and Du`aa’ (supplication) through which he supplicated to Allaah every night and day in private… read more here.

Changing one’s name after performing Hajj

Question: What is the ruling on changing one’s name like most of the Indonesian pilgrims do? Indonesians usually change their names when they go to Makkah Al-Mukarramah or Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah. Is this Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) or not?

Answer: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to change bad names to good ones. If the Indonesian pilgrims are changing their names for this purpose, and not for finishing the rituals of Hajj or their visiting Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) and offering Salaah therein, then this is permissible… read more here.

Setting aside a certain bed or a Sofa until a pilgrim comes back to use it

Question: In our country, the family of a pilgrim sets aside for him a bed or a sofa. They cover it with clean and perfumed coverlets and place money and bottles of perfume around it. They prevent people from using it telling them that they cannot sit on it until the pilgrim returns from Hajj and use it first. After the pilgrim uses it, others may then sit on it. I hope that you can inform us about this practice. Many thanks to you, may Allaah benefit Muslims with your knowledge!

Answer: The actions mentioned above done by the family of a person intending to perform Hajj is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Setting aside a bed, washing it, covering and perfuming it and preventing people from sitting on it till the pilgrim returns from Hajj to be the first to sit on it, are acts of Bid`ah and instituting in religion that which Allaah has not ordained… read more here.

Saying: The door of the Ka`bah will not open if anyone other than Banoo Shaybah tries to open it

Question: One of my friends said that Banoo Shaybah are the custodians of the Ka`bah and that no one can open the door of the Ka`bah even if he has the keys unless he is one of them. He told me that a person who is not from Banoo Shaybah took the keys and tried to open the door, but the door would not open until they brought a baby from Banoo Shaybah and placed his hand on the key. Is this true?

Answer: Banoo Shaybah are the custodians of the Ka`bah. It is not true that the door of the Ka`bah will not open if anyone other than Banoo Shaybah tries to open it. What is mentioned about someone other than Banoo Shaybah who tried to open the door but failed to do so until they brought a baby from Banoo Shaybah who put his hand on the key and the door was opened is not true… read more here.

Fasting (Sawm) during Rajab and Sha‘ban

Question: I know people who always perform Sawm (Fast) for the whole months of Rajab and Sha‘baan until Ramadaan without break. Is there any Hadeeth regarding this practice? If there is any, kindly provide the text?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) used to fast the entire month of Rajab or Sha‘baan… read more here.

Observing Sawm on certain days in Rajab

Question: There are days on which we voluntarily observe Sawm (Fast) during Rajab. Should these days be in the beginning, middle, or end of the month?

Answer: No specific Ahaadeeth were authentically reported about the merit of Sawm in Rajab, except that which was related by Al-Nasaa’ee and Aboo Daawood, and ranked as Saheeh (authentic) by Ibn Khuzaymah, on the authority of Usaamah who said… read more here.

Ruling on sending blessings on the Prophet loudly before or after the Athaan

Question: Even though Pakistan, our country, is a Muslim state, some A’immah insist on saying: “Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah, and beloved to Allaah” before they say the Athaan (call to Prayer). They never stop doing so. I pray behind those A’immah. Is my Salaah (Prayer) behind them valid or not? What should I do? What is the ruling on these A’immah?

Answer: Firstly, invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Messenger before and after the Athaan and saying it aloud after or during the Athaan is one of the innovated Bid`ahs in religion… read more here.

Ruling on pronouncing additional words before or after Athaan

Question: We notice that when Fajr Prayer time is due, and prior to the Athaan (call to Prayer), some Mu’ath-thins (callers to Prayer) on the mosque’s minaret pronounce some words like: “Pray” or “Prayer” two or three times; afterwards, they begin pronouncing the Athaan. Is their act valid? Or should they be reprimanded?

Answer: It is well known that Islaam is based on adherence rather than innovation. This is supported by the Prophet’s statement (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Whoever introduces a practice into this affair of ours that is not of it, it is to be rejected. According to another narration: If anybody introduces a practice which is not religiously authenticated, it is to be rejected. He also stated… read more here.

Ruling on performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times after completion of its building

Question: When people in the north of our country build a Masjid (mosque), they perform Tawaaf (circumambulation) seven times around it on the day they inaugurate it. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or not? What is the evidence?

Answer: Performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times is an abominable act of Bid`ah, whether this is done on the opening day or any other day. Tawaaf is only lawful when performed around the Ka`bah (in Makkah) and nowhere else… read more here.

Ruling on rubbing oneself against the walls of Mosques at Al-Rahmah Mountain in `Arafah

Question: In the area of Al-Rahmah Mount in `Arafah there are three adjacent Masjids (mosques) with their Mihrabs without ceilings. The pilgrims go to these Masjids to rub themselves against their walls and Mihrabs. Sometimes, they put money at the Mihrabs. They offer two Rak`ahs at each one of these Masjids. Sometimes they perform Salaah at these Masjids at times when prayer is prohibited. Also men and women mingle in crowds there. The pilgrims do all these acts during the days immediately preceding the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah. We hope that Your Eminence will inform us of the legal ruling on these acts, may Allaah reward you with best reward!

Answer: First, `Arafah is a place where one of the rituals of Hajj is to be performed according to Allaah’s orders. This ritual is staying at `Arafah on the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah and the night of `Eed-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan before the arrival of the Imaam on Friday

Question: Is it permissible for a person to recite Qur’aan in the Masjid (mosque) on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam (the person who leads congregational Salaah)? Is this one of the polite manners of Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer, or a denounced Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: There is no evidence on the legitimacy of a person reciting Qur’aan on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam while people listen to him, and when the Imaam arrives, that person stops recitation… read more here.

Ruling on Bid`ah in “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab”

Question: Is the book “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab (Answered Supplication)” by Ahmad `Abdul-Jawwad a reliable reference? I read in it, “There are twelve Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during the day or night and the Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) should be performed between each pair. While sitting for the final Tashahhud, praise Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and invoke Allaah’s Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon him). While in Sujud (prostration), Soorah Al-Faatihah should be recited seven times, Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’anic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) seven times, and the phrase: “Laa ilaaha illa Allaah wahdahoo la shareeka lahoo… (There is no god but Allaah Alone and He has no partner…)” should be recited ten times. This Du`aa’ (supplication) should then be recited: “O Allaah! I ask you by the glory of Your Throne, by the utmost mercy of Your Book, and by Your Greatest Name, Your Highest Glory, and Your Perfect Words,” and then ask Allaah for whatever you need. After this, raise your head and say the Taslim (salutation of peace ending the Prayer).” (Related by Al-Haakim on the authority of Ibn Mas`ood [may Allaah be pleased with him]). Is this a Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth? There is a Hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade `Alee from reciting the Qur’aan during a Rak`ah (bowing) or Sujood.

Answer: Do not depend on this book, as it contains many Da`eef (weak) and Mawdoo` (fabricated) Hadeeth, one of them being the one you mentioned in your question that you read about the twelve Rak`ah in Salah (Prayer) in the manner mentioned… read more here.

Ruling on Nafilah prayer offered on the last Wednesday of Safar

Question: Some of the scholars in our country claim that in Islaam there is a Nafilah (supererogatory Prayer) offered on the last Wednesday of Safar, at the time of Salaat-ul-Duha (supererogatory Prayer before noon). This Salaah consists of four Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with one Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer). In each Rak‘ah a person should recite Soorah Al-Faatihah and Soorah Al-Kawthar seventeen times, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas fifty times and Al-Mu‘awwidhatayn (Suwar Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) one time each. This is done in each Rak‘ah, then one says Tasleem after which it is prescribed to recite: And Allaah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not. 360 times, and Jawharat-ul-Kamal (a special Sufi formula) three times, and to conclude by saying: “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power. Exalted is He from all that they ascribe to Him. And peace be on the Messengers. And all the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds.” They should also give some bread to the poor as a charity. They say that this Aayah is especially recited for warding off the calamities that are send down on the last Wednesday of Safar. They say that every year 320,000 calamities come down, and all of them come down on the last Wednesday of Safar. Therefore, that day is regarded as the most difficult day throughout the year. But whoever offers this Salaah in the above mentioned manner, Allaah will protect them by His Bounty from all the calamities that come down on that day. They, as well as those who could not offer it, such as children, will benefit from this Salaah. Is this permissible or not?

Answer: There is no evidence from the Qur’aan or Sunnah that supports the validity of the Nafilah mentioned in the question. We have no proof that anyone among the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) or the righteous people of the later generations performed this Nafilah… read more here.