A scholar is commended for his conformity with the Qur’aan and Sunnah

A scholar is commended for his conformity with the Qur’aan and Sunnah”

18- Al-Saaboonee reported in his sixth article as well as in some of his previous articles from the Shaykh of Islaam, Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him), saying: “Scholars are the advocates of `Uloom-ul-Deen (sciences of the religion) and Al-Asha`irah are the advocates of Usool-ul-Deen (principles of the religion).”

He then added that this statement is quoted from the fourth volume of Al-Fataawaa. Yet, referring to Al-Fataawaa (vol. 4, p. 16), it was discovered that this statement belongs to Jurist ‘Aboo Muhammad and not to the Shaykh of Islaam. Thus, the mistake of Al-Saaboonee as regards the misquotation becomes manifest. Supposing his words are true, they do not prove that Al-Asha`irah are not to be condemned for their mistakes. For the Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) rule – which is pointed out by the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him) and other scholars – dictate that a scholar is praised for the matters in which he conforms to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and is condemned for things in which he disagrees with the Qura’an and the Sunnah. This statement of the Shaykh of Islaam (may Allah be merciful to him) is the truth, which is adopted by Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) for Al-Asha`irah and others are to be praised for what they stated and wrote in support of truth in Usul-ul-Din as well as in other fields but they are blamed for their mistakes in order to affirm the truth and refute the falsehood, so that less enlightened people would not be confused. Allah is the One sought for help… read more here.

Impermissibility of ascribing Ta’weel of Allaah’s Attributes to the Salaf

Impermissibility of ascribing Ta’weel of Allaah’s Attributes to the Salaf:

It is also impermissible to ascribe Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah) as this is contrary to their Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence). Rather, Ta’weel is ascribed to Al-Asha`irah (a Muslim group that bases its creedal issues on logic) and other innovators in religion, who allegorically interpreted texts, giving them incorrect meaning. As for the examples quoted by fellow Al-Saaboonee that refer to Ta’weel with regard to Ahl-ul-Sunnah, they bear no argument in this point. The statements of quoted scholars do not involve Ta’weel but explain the meanings and remove any confusion that may affect some people as regards their denotation.

As for, Allaah’s Saying: They have forgotten Allaah, so He has forgotten them. Forgetting here is not equivalent in meaning to that mentioned in Allaah’s Saying: …and your Lord is never forgetful Or in His Saying: …in a Record. My Lord neither errs nor He forgets. It has a different meaning from the confirmed forgetting in Allaah’s Saying: They have forgotten Allaah, so He has forgotten them. It means that Allaah (Exalted be He) left them in their aberration and abandoned them because they neglected His Commands and turned away from His Religion due to their hypocrisy and denial. The kind of forgetting that is negated with regard to Allaah (Exalted be He) is that which denotes inattention and oblivion; for Allaah (Exalted be He) is far above such forgetting due to His Perfect Omniscience and Encompassing Knowledge of all the affairs and conditions of His slaves. Indeed, He is the Ever-Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists; no slumber or sleep overtakes Him. Glorified and Exalted be He above all this… read more here.

Al-Asha`irah are not considered of Ahl-ul-Sunnah because they do not affirm Allaah’s Attributes

Al-Asha`irah are not considered of Ahl-ul-Sunnah because they do not affirm Allaah’s Attributes:

17- Al-Saaboonee mentioned in his sixth article, which opens with his saying: “This is a plain statement for mankind. The Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) of some Aayaahs and Hadeeths on Attributes does not rule the Muslim out of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream), since some of them are wrong while some others are right. Moreover, there are explicit Aayaahs on Ta’weel that were allegorically interpreted by the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet), and the Salafee scholars. No one could dare accuse them of aberration or rule them out of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah.” Then he gave examples of this, including Allaah’s saying: They have forgotten Allaah, so He has forgotten them. The examples also include Aayaahs on Allaah mocking at the mockers, scoffing at the scoffers, and planning against the plotters, and also the authentic Hadeeth about Allaah’s saying: I was sick but you did not visit Me and I was hungry but you did not feed Me. He went on to say: “Thus, the case is not like what some people think, namely, that the Madh-hab of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) does not involve Ta’weel at all. Rather, the Madh-hab of the Salaf requires allegorical interpretation of what should inevitably be allegorically interpreted.”

Answer: This claim requires detail. It combines truth and falsehood, for his claim that applying Ta’weel to some of Allaah’s Attributes does not remove a Muslim from Ahl-ul-Sunnah is generally true, since the person who applies Ta’weel to some of Allah’s Attributes, such as Al-Asha`irah, is not consequently removed from the Muslims or Ahl-ul-Sunnah, as regards matters other than the Attributes. Yet, he is not included in Ahl-ul-Sunnah when it comes to affirmation of the Attributes and disaffirmation of Ta’weel. Al-Asha`irah and their like are not included in Ahl-ul-Sunnah as regards the affirmation of the Attributes, since they disagree with them in this matter and assume different approach. This, however, requires repudiating them, exposing their mistake as regards Ta’weel, and explaining that it contradicts the approach of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah, as is already stated in the first of the present notes. There is no problem in saying that Al-Asha`irah are not among Ahl-ul-Sunnah as regards Divine Names and Attributes, even though they are among them as regards other matters. In this way, anyone reviewing their Madh-hab would recognize that they make a mistake when they applied Ta’weel to some Attributes and thus disagreed with the Sahabah and those who righteously followed them in this matter. This, in turn, would imply confirmation of truth and setting Ahl-ul-Sunnah and Al-Asha`irah in the positions where they really are… read more here.

Ibn Hajar and other scholars who slipped into Ta’weel are not declared to be disbelievers …

Ibn Hajar and other scholars who slipped into Ta’weel are not declared to be disbelievers and the Madh-hab of the scholar is that which he holds before death:

16- Al-Saaboonee then stated in his fifth article (may Allaah guide him and grant him success): “Yet, hope Salafee brothers would escape the burden of misleading the Ummah and declaring the Imaams of the Muslims and scholars of Fiqh, Hadeeth, and Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) who follow the Madh-hab of Al-Asha`irah, to be disbelievers. What would we gain if we split the line of the Muslims and accuse someone like the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaanee, the commentator of Al-Bukhaaree, of disbelief? He then referred to some other scholars and said: “All those and other revered Imaams followed the Madh-hab of Imaam Al-Ash`aree … “

Answer: None of the Salafee scholars declares the scholars concerned to be disbelievers. Rather, they uncover their mistakes as regards Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) of many Attributes and explain that they are contrary to the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah). Thus, they do not declare them to be disbelievers or disrupt the unity of the Ummah or even split their lines. Rather, this is advice for the sake of Allaah and His slaves, an illustration of the truth, refutation of the claims of their opponents through textual and logical evidence, performance of what Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) obliged scholars to do, including explaining the truth, carrying out Da`wah (calling to Islaam), and guiding to Allaah’s Way. Hence, if the advocates of truth refrain from unfolding the truth, those on the wrong side will persist in their mistakes and others would imitate them in their mistakes. In turn, those who refrain from unfolding the truth would draw on themselves the sin of withholding the truth, a sin that Allaah (Glorified be He) warned those who commit it in His saying: Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidence and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allaah and cursed by the cursers. Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. Moreover, Allaah (Exalted be He) took the covenant from the People of the Book to make the truth known and clear to mankind, and condemned them for throwing it away behind their backs and also warned us against following them… read more here.

The Salaf neither allegorically interpreted Allaah’s Attributes nor engaged in anthropomorphism

The Salaf neither allegorically interpreted Allaah’s Attributes nor engaged in anthropomorphism since this is an innovation in religion that finds no support in the Qur’aan or Sunnah:

15- Al-Saaboonee stated in his fifth article that it is not the Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) – which we already discussed in preceding articles, on the topic of the Attributes of the Creator (Glorified and Exalted be He) – to absolutely leave the issue of Attributes to Allaah, as some people say. Rather, it is another approach that indicates perspicacity and sound and straight understanding of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah texts. This way and approach could be summarized through the following points:

First: Applying Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) to the Aayahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadeeths on Attributes where Ta’weel is inescapable due to linguistic, Shar`ee (Islaamic legal), or creedal reasons.

Second: Acknowledging what the Glorious Qur’aan or the Purified Sunnah established of the Attributes of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), such as hearing, sight, speech, love, contentment, Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne in a manner that befits Him), descending, coming, approaching and other attributes, and believing in them in the way they are intended by Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), thus confirming them to be true and leaving them to Allaah without Tashbeeh (comparison), Ta`teel (negation of the meaning or function of Allaah’s Attributes), Tajseem (anthropomorphism) or Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation).

Answer: The claim that this is the view of the Madh-hab of the Salaf is baseless, since it is not the Madh-hab of the Salaf to leave the issue of Allaah’s Names and Attributes to Allaah, neither generally nor specifically. Rather, they leave the issue of Takyeef (descriptive designation of Allaah’s Attributes) as previously explained and as was stated by Maalik, Ahmad and others, and – before them – by Ummi Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) and Rabee`ah ibn ‘Aboo `Abdul-Rahmaan,the Shaykh of Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with them all). It is also not the Madh-hab of the Salaf to interpret the attributes. Rather, they accept them as they are stated and believe in their meanings in the way that befits Allaah’s Glory without Tahreef (distortion of the meaning), Ta`teel, Takyeef, or Tamtheel as repeatedly mentioned above… read more here.

The requisites of unity and holding fast to the Rope of Allaah

14- In his fourth article, he called for uniting Muslims and making collaborative efforts to stand against the enemies of Islaam. He also mentioned that this is not the right time to attack the followers of the Madh-habs, Al-Asha`irah, the Muslim Brotherhood, or even the Sufi’s.

Answer: Undoubtedly, the Muslims must unite their lines, adhere to the truth, and help one another in righteousness and piety against the enemies of Islaam, as Allaah (Glorified be He) has commanded them when He (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur’aan), and be not divided among yourselves He (Glorified be He) also warned them against division, saying: And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. However, the necessity of the unity of the Muslims, their cooperative efforts in adherence to the word of truth and their holding fast to the Rope of Allaah do not mean that they neglect denouncing abominable acts or beliefs of the Sufi’s or others… read more here.

Reality of the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah

Reality of the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah:

8- Al-Saaboonee mentioned in his second article that Ahl-ul-Sunnah has two famous Madh-habs: First: the Madh-hab of the Salaf (righteous predecessors). Second: the Madh-hab of the Khalaf (successors of the Salaf).

Answer: This is a manifest mistake that – as far as I know – has no precedent. Indeed, the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah is only one Madh-hab which embodies the traditions of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and those who righteously followed them, namely acknowledging the Names and Attributes of Allaah (Exalted be He), accepting them just as they are mentioned and believing that they are true and that Allaah (Exalted be He) is described by them in a way that befits His Majesty, with no Tahreef (distortion of their meaning), Ta`teel (negation of the meaning or function of Allaah’s Attributes), Takyeef (descriptive designation of Allaah’s Attributes), Tamtheel (likening them to those of His Creation), or Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) that puts them out of their literal meaning, or even Tafweed (leaving the issue of their meanings to Allaah). Rather, they believe that their meanings are known, that they truly befit Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and that nothing of them could be likened to any of Allaah’s creation. The Madh-hab of Khalaf is the opposite to this, as is known to anyone who reads both sides… read more here.

Censure of dissension and referring disputes to the Qur’aan and Sunnah

Censure of dissension and referring disputes to the Qur’aan and Sunnah:

7- In his second article, the writer, Shaykh Muhammad `Alee Al-Saaboonee censured the division of Muslims into Salafee’s, Ash`aree’s, Sufis, Maturidee’s, and so on. Well, this dispersion undoubtedly grieves every Muslim, and the Muslims should unite for the cause of truth and help one another in righteousness and piety. However, Allaah (Exalted be He) has predestined that for the Ummah due to great wisdom and commendable purposes, for which He (Exalted be He) is to be praised and the details of which are only known to Him. Among them is discrimination between His Awliyaa’ (pious servants) and His enemies, and between those who earnestly seek the truth and those who dissent and turn away from it and follow their own vain desires. This also implies an attestation that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is truly the Messenger of Allaah, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) informed Muslims of this separation before it took place. Indeed, it occurred just as he foretold. He (peace be upon him) said: ‘My Ummah (nation based on one creed) will split into seventy-three sects, all of which will be in Hellfire except one.’ They asked, ‘Who is that sect, O Messenger?’ He (peace be upon him) replied, ‘That is Al-Jamaa`ah (the true followers of the actions and creed of the Prophet and his Companions).’ According to another version, he (peace be upon him) replied: Those who follow the path which I and my Companions are on today. This obligates Muslims to gather for the cause of truth and refer every disputable matter to Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Correct Tafweed is related to the manner, not the meaning

Correct Tafweed is related to the manner, not the meaning:

5- In his first article, after the introduction he said: You should not put them – referring to Al-Asha`irah and Al-Matroodiyyah – in the same boat with Al-Rawafeed, Al-Mu`tazilah and Al-Khawaarij, who dissented from (the path of) Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). The most we can say is that we judge them as being mistaken in their Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) because it is safer to leave the issue of Attributes to Allaah, from Whom no secret is hidden. End of quote.

Answer: The sects that differ from Ahl-ul-Sunnah vary in their errors; the error of Al-Asha`irah, is not like that of Al-Khawaarij, Al-Mu`tazilah, or Al-Jahmiyyah. Yet, this does not preclude exposing the error of Al-Asha`irah as regards their disagreement with Ahl-ul-Sunnah, in the way he exposed the errors of other sects, for the sake of revealing the truth and unveiling the falsehood of other claims to convey the Message of Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him) and escape the warning mentioned in Allaah’s saying: Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidence and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allaah and cursed by the cursers. Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.read more here.

Male Qawwaamah, is it a form of duty and not an elevation?

4- He said that the male Qawwaamah (the right of the man upon the woman resulting from the duties imposed upon him towards her) over women is a form of duty and not an elevation.

Answer: This is a mistake and the correct opinion is that men’s Qawwaamah over women is both a duty and an elevation, since Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allaah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Hence, Allaah (Glorified be He) makes it clear that He has granted men Qawwaamah over women due to two points. 

First: The advantage of men over women in general. 

Second: Men’s spending from their means to support women, such as paying Mahr (mandatory gift to the bride from her groom) and other expenditures  read more here.

Is the Madh-hab of Al-Asha`irah (الأشاعرة) upon Truth or Deviance?

Is the Madh-hab of Al-Asha`irah (الأشاعرة) upon truth or deviance:

3. He mentioned that differences in creed are narrow and that the people who claim that the Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of Al-Asha`irah is false should be asked to refer to the Fatwas of Ibn Taymiyyah and read what Ibn Taymiyyah wrote about ‘Aboo Al-Hasan Al-Ash’aree so that we could perceive how ignorant those people are. (End of quote)

Answer: It should be said that many sects undoubtedly went astray due to the difference in creed, such as Al-Mu`tazilah (a deviant Islamic sect claiming that those who commit major sins are in a state between belief and disbelief), Al-Jahmiyyah (a deviant Islaamic sect denying some Attributes of Allaah, claiming they are ascribed to people and cannot be ascribed to Allaah), Al-Raafidah (a Shee`ah group denying the caliphates of ‘Aboo Bakr Al-Siddeeq and `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab and making accusations against them and many other Companions of the Prophet), Al-Qaadariyyah, and others. Likewise, Al-Asha`irah went astray regarding the issues in which they disagreed with the Qur’aan, the Sunnah, and the eminent scholars of this Ummah and the Imams of guidance, i.e. the Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them), the Taabi`oon (the generation after the Companions and the Prophet) and those who righteously followed them, and the guided Imaams. They (Al-Asha`irah) interpreted Allaah’s Names and Attributes wrongly. However, ‘Aboo Al-Hasan Al-Ash’aree (may Allaah be merciful to him) was not one of Al-Asha`irah, even if they associated themselves with him. He gave up their Madh-hab and embraced the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). Thus, the praise of Imams to him is not praise to the Madh-hab of Al-Asha`irah… read more here.

Imitation (Taqleed) of the Four Imaams

Important remarks on the writings of Shaykh Muhammad `Alee Al-Saboonee on the Attributes of Allaah

All praise be to Allaah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family, his Companions, and those who follow his guidance.

I have looked into the interview which Al-Mujtama` Magazine made with His Eminence, Shaykh Muhammad `Alee Al-Saboonee published in issue no. 613, dated 7 Jumaada Al-Thaanee, 1403 A.H. I have also looked into his six articles published in Al-Mujtama` Magazine, issues no. 627 (dated 17 Ramadaan, 1403 A.H.), no. 628 (dated 24 Ramadaan, 1403 A.H.), no. 629 (dated 9 Shawwal, 1403 A.H.), no. 630 (dated 16 Shawwaal, 1403 A.H.), no. 631 (dated 31 Shawwaal, 1403 A.H.), and no. 646 (dated 17 Safar, 1404 A.H.). They included mistakes pointed out by His Eminence, Dr. Saalih ibn Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan, in his article published in Al-Da`wah Magazine, issue 15, no. 904 (dated 29 Shawwaal, 1403 A.H.), and in Al-Mujtama` Magazine, issues no. 646 (dated 17 Safar, 1404 A.H.) and no. 650 (dated 24 Safar, 1404 A.H.). Dr. Saalih’s remarks were accurate and useful (may Allaah reward him and support the truth through him). I thus deemed it necessary to comment on the mistakes of Shaykh Al-Saboonee to confirm what Dr. Saalih mentioned, contribute to good work, propagate the truth, and redress the mistakes that were not discussed by His Eminence Dr. Saalih in his two articles mentioned above. Indeed, Allaah Alone is the Guide to success.

Imitation of the Four Imaams:

1- Shaykh Al-Saboonee’s statement about Taqleed (strictly following a specific School of Jurisprudence) of the Four Imaams (‘Aboo Haneefah, Maalik, Al-Shaafi`ee and Ahmad) that it is among the foremost obligations, is undoubtedly a mistaken generalization, since it is not obligatory to strictly follow one of the four Imaams or anyone else, no matter how knowledgeable they may be. This is because the proper action is to follow the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and not to imitate anyone. Taqleed is only tolerated in case of necessity when the person followed is known for their knowledge, virtue, and upright creed, as explained in detail by the eminent scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) in his book I`laam Al-Mawaqqi`een. The Imaams (may Allaah be merciful to them) would refuse that any of their views be adopted other than those which were in accordance with the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. Imaam Maalik (may Allaah be merciful to him) said: “The view of every one is liable to be accepted or refused except for that of the one [entombed] in this grave (referring to the grave of the Prophet, peace be upon him).” His fellow Imaams also uttered opinions to the same effect… read more here.