Some advice and a reminder to the patients in Bahnas Hospital in Lebanon

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to whoever this message may reach of Muslim brothers in Bahnas Hospital, may Allaah cure them of their heart and body diseases, endear to them the faith, and make disbelief, wickedness, and disobedience hateful to them; Aaameeen. May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you.

It is quite manifest that Allaah (Exalted be He) has created humans and the Jinn to worship Him Alone and to associate none with Him in His Divinity, to obey His Commands, and to avoid what He prohibited at every time and place. Therefore, He sent Messengers and Books to illustrate this great matter and call to it, as He (Exalted be He) says: And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). He (Exalted be He) also says: And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).” Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: (This is) a Book, the Verses whereof are perfected (in every sphere of knowledge), and then explained in detail from One (Allaah), Who is All-Wise, Well-Acquainted (with all things). (Saying) worship none but Allaah. Verily, I (Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) am unto you from Him a warner and a bringer of glad tidings. And (commanding you): “Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding Grace to every owner of grace (i.e. the one who helps and serves the needy and deserving, physically and with his wealth, and even with good words). But if you turn away, then I fear for you the torment of a Great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: And perform Al-Salaat (Iqaamat-al-Salaat), and give Zakaat and obey the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) that you may receive mercy (from Allaah). Moreover, He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

General advice to Muslims by Imaam Ibn Baaz

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to my fellow Muslims. May Allaah guide them and me to walk in the path of His believing servants and to hold fast to the truth and correct knowledge of religion, and may Allaah safeguard them and me from the path of those who earned His Anger, nor of those who went astray, Aaameeen!

al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you).

I render this advice and reminder to you as a duty ordained in the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) that reads: And remind (by preaching the Qur’aan, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), for verily, the reminding profits the believers. And in another Aayah in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Help you one another in Al-Birr and Al-Taqwaa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. Also, the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, Religion is sincerity (in advice, actions and so on).’ It was asked, ‘To whom, O Messenger of Allaah?’ He (peace be upon him) replied, ‘To Allaah, His Book, His Messenger, and the leaders of Muslims and their common people.’ 

According to another Hadeeth: ‘A faithful believer to a faithful believer is like the bricks of a wall, enforcing each other.’ While saying so, the Prophet (peace be upon him) clasped his hands, by interlacing his fingers. He (peace be upon him) is also reported in another Hadeeth to have said: The similitude of believers in regard to their mutual love, mercy, and compassion is that of the body; when any of its parts complains, the whole body calls upon one another (sharing) with (it) sleeplessness and fever. Everyone is familiar about the heedlessness and apathy that have befallen the Muslims toward the purpose for which they have been created, and the devotion of most of them to living this worldly life and enjoying its transient pleasures and spending all their time on its various paths and activities. They, on the other hand, have forgotten the Hereafter and preparing for it. As a consequence, this has led them to split, have differences, and suffer enmity and feud among themselves.

Furthermore, attitudes of loyalty and disassociation for Allaah’s Sake have come to be based on the transient interests of the worldly life, disregarding the Hereafter and the necessary provision for it… read more here.

General advice for Muslim rulers and peoples

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

I hereby advise my fellow Muslims everywhere, whether they are government officials, or common subjects, to fear Allaah (Exalted be He) in all matters, since it is the Advice of Allaah (Exalted be He) and of His Trustworthy Prophet (peace be upon him). Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: And verily, We have recommended to the people of the Scripture before you, and to you (O Muslims) that you (all) fear Allaah He (Exalted be He) also says, O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Aadam) The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to advise his Ummah during his sermons to fear Allaah. Taqwaa (fear or wariness of offending Allaah) is an all-inclusive term that sums up the elements of Islam, and ensures the protection of one’s interests in this worldly life and in the Hereafter. It embraces the entire religion. It implies righteousness, Eemaan (belief), Islaam, guidance, and uprightness. Allaah (Exalted be He) has named His Religion “Taqwaa”, since the one who adheres to and persists in it, Allaah will protect him from evil consequences in worldly life and in the Hereafter. The most important aspect of Taqwaa is sincerity in worshiping Allaah Alone, following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him), applying the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law), and being aware of all that contradicts it, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him) He (Exalted be He) also says…read more here.

General advice on some of the major sins

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to those who see it of my Muslim brothers, may Allaah grant me and them success in fulfilling what pleases Him, and keep us away from disobeying Him, Aaameeen!

al-salaamu `Alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). To proceed:

I advise every Muslim to have Taqwaa (fear or wariness of offending Allaah) in all circumstances and guard his tongue from saying anything other than that which is useful, because Mubaah (permissible) talk may lead to what is Haraam (prohibited) or Makrooh (disliked), and this is common among people. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those one will be questioned (by Allaah). The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said in the Hadeeth agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim and narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): Anyone who believes in Allaah and the Last Day should either utter good words or stay silent.

There are bad things that talking may lead people to commit and should be warned against, for they constitute major sins, which would bring down Allaah’s Anger and His Punishment. These things have become commonly widespread in some communities and they include the following:

1- Backbiting: That is talking about your brother or sister in a way that they would dislike, if they heard about it, whether by talking about their shape, family, character, actions, sayings or about their religion or life, or even talking ill about their clothes,home or car. Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘Do you know what backbiting is?’ His companions replied, ‘Allaah and His Messenger know best.’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘It is to say something about your brother that he would dislike.’ Someone asked, ‘But what if what I say about my brother is true?’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘If what you say about him is true, then you have backbitten him, but if it is not true, then you have slandered him.’ (Related by Muslim) read more here.

Islaamic ruling on those who renounce polygyny

In the Name of Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah.

I have reviewed the article published in Al-Yamaamah magazine, issue dated 18 Rabee` Awwal, 1385 A.H. entitled The problem of the week, and read the solution offered by Mr. Naasir ibn `Abdullaah for the problem of sister M. A. L. referred to in the issue of 11 Rabee` Awwal, 1385 A.H., under the title:

Take me to light

I also read the solution presented by Ibn Al-Sarah for the same problem. Thus, I discovered that what was written by Mr. Naasir was a good solution that conforms to the right and should be adopted by the sister facing this problem. She should adhere to good manners, noble character, and graceful patience, and thus, she would overcome all the difficulties and would see good consequences.

If she suffers harm and injustice at the hand of her husband, she should gently, amiably, and patiently ask him to set matters fairly. We wish she could realize her request and stay home with her husband, for this is nearest to justice In-Shaa’ Allaah (if Allaah wills).

Yet, if the harm is inflicted by her co-wife, then the husband should prevent this harm providing a separate place for the wronged wife with the necessary maintenance and finding a female companion for her if she cannot stay at home alone. The husband should also be objective, seek fairness, and keep away from all forms of harm; otherwise – and in case none of his relatives or friends could solve the problem – she has nothing left to do but to take the matter to court.

Before that, however, she should supplicate to Allaah (Exalted be He) and sincerely ask Him to relieve her of her distress, facilitate her affairs, and guide her husband and co-wife to what is right and fair… read more here.

Sharee`ah gathers between strictness and leniency, each in its proper place

Conclusion: The Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) advises leniency in its proper place and also advises strictness in its proper place. Thus, the Muslims should not ignore that or be lenient when should be strict or vice-versa. Besides, they should not claim that the Sharee`ah acknowledges leniency only or strictness only, for it is a wise code of law that is suitable for every place and time and is capable of reforming the whole Ummah (nation based on one creed). That is why it uses both leniency and strictness. It is marked for justice, wisdom, and tolerance. Hence, it is a tolerant Sharee`ah in its rulings and it does not burden anyone beyond his scope. It is also tolerant, because it begins by calling people with leniency, wisdom and clemency; but when this does not influence people and they overstep the limits and tyrannize, it powerfully and harshly restricts them and treats them in a way that deters them and that enlightens them about their wrongdoings.

Whoever meditates on the biography of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Rightly-guided Caliphs, his well-pleased Companions, and the succeeding Imams of guidance would perceive the correctness of what we are saying.

Texts that order leniency in its proper place

Among the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) revealed on leniency, Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And by the Mercy of Allaah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allaah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. 

Allaah (Exalted be He) says regarding the story of Moosaa (Moses) and Haaroon when He sent them to Pharaoh: “And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear (Allaah).”

Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: Invite (mankind, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islaam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’aan) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better.

Texts that order strictness in its proper place

On the other hand, the Aayaat quoted above also include reference to strictness… read more here.

Clarification on the perfection of Sharee`ah without any excess or deficiency

In the Name of Allaah, the All-Merciful, the Ever-Merciful

All praise be to Allaah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed:

I have perused the article published in Al-Bilad magazine, issue no. (1909), dated 12 Muharram, 1385 A.H. Entitled, “Beware of Immoderation”.

Unjustified Accusation

I found that the writer (may Allaah pardon him) thought ill of the volunteering people managing Da`wah (the call to the Way of Allaah), enjoining good and forbidding evil.

He accused them of being deceived, extremists, and opponents to new matters, and mistakenly hurled other accusations at them.

Thus, I deemed it necessary to point out, in this comment, the serious mistakes in the published article to advise the writer and the whole Ummah and defend our fellow brothers against accusations of which, we are quite sure, they are innocent. It also implies an attempt to urge the writer and other writers to make sure of what they say, observe moderation in judging (others), and guard themselves against baseless mistrust.

Here is a detailed elaboration on the mistakes committed by the writer in the article mentioned above. Such mistakes should be highlighted while the one who claims them should be condemned. Hence, seeking the Help of Allaah and depending on Him – as there is no might or power except with Him – we present the following argument:

Showing that Sharee`ah is perfectly moderate

As for what the writer mentioned about the disadvantages of immoderation and excessiveness, it is quite right... read more here.

Ruling on mocking at the Qur’aan and its followers

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

To proceed: I have reviewed the article that has been published in Al-Da`wah Magazine in its issue released on Monday, 27/1/1397 A.H., under the title “A local newspaper mocks at the Qur’aan and its followers.” This article includes the following: The above-mentioned newspaper, in its issue released in 7/4/1397 A.H., published an article that mocks at the Qur’aan and its followers, stating:

(Men believe that a woman is a different creature. According to them, she is imperfect in mind and religion. They also believe that men are in charge of women). End of the statement of Al-Da`wah Magazine.

I was astonished at this heinous article and was very surprised at publishing such a statement in the cradle of Islaam and in the hearing and sight of a Muslim country making Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) its judge and calling to it. I was very amazed at the boldness of those in charge of this newspaper because of their publishing of this article, which contains absolute disbelief, misguidance, mockery of the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him) and challenging them. However, this is not a new thing from those in charge of this newspaper, since it is known for its publishing of articles calling to immorality and atheism that cause great harm to the society. It is alsoknown for its grudge against Muslim scholars, insulting them and telling lies about them, because those in charge of this newspaper have no belief in Allaah to restrain them and no official prevents them from doing this. Therefore, it dared to commit this disbelief and misguidance in this article, which cannot be written or published by whoever believes in Allaah and the Last Day and cannot be written or published by whoever respects the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace be upon him)... read more here.

Ruling on the deceased children of the Mushriks

A questioner from Riyadh asks:
What is the ruling on a child who, being born to two disbelieving parents, dies before reaching the age of Takleef (meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for actions)? Is the child a Muslim in the Sight of Allaah, knowing that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Every child is born on Fitrah (divinely bestowed natural disposition of Islaam). ?

If the child is a Muslim, should the Muslims wash the dead body and perform the Funeral Prayer over the child? Please enlighten us. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: If a child of two disbelieving parents dies before reaching the age of Takleef, they fall under the same the rulings applied to them in the worldly life, and consequently, the corpse is not washed. Moreover, they are neither entitled to a Funeral Prayer nor to be buried in the Muslims’ graveyards. Yet, in the Hereafter, the judgment concerning them rests with Allaah (Glorified be He). It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him), when asked about the children of the Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), said: Allaah knows what sort of deeds they would have done. Some religious scholars viewed that the Knowledge of Allaah (Glorified be He) about them is manifested on the Day of Resurrection, and that they will be tested in the way of Ahl-ul-Fatrah (people having no access to Divine Messages)... read more here.

Refuting and criticizing an article published in “Al-Musawwir” magazine

All praise be to Allaah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family, his Companions, and those who follow his guidance.

“Al-Musawwir” magazine has published an article in its issue no. 2166 on Friday April 15, 1966 A.D./1385 A.H., page 15 under the title:

The imported principles by Ahmad Bahaa’ Al-Deen

He wrote: “News from Saudi Arabia declares that the vice president of the Islaamic University there published an article two months ago in all newspapers in which he deemed lawful to kill anyone who says that the earth is round or that the earth circulates around the sun and not the opposite. To announce such an opinion in 1966, seems bizarre, especially in the age of space. The holder of that opinion has only one merit counted for him; that this opinion seems to be reasonable in light of the thoughts and opinions spreading in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia nowadays. The rulers of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have nothing to worry about but the imported ideologies and ideas. They only call for Islaamic alliance under the pretext of guarding Muslims against the danger of the extrinsic ideas, while, for sure, they intend socialism. They do not bother themselves to study the concept of socialism or social equity; rather, they adamantly reject it on the grounds of being imported…and so on.” 

In reply to this, I say that this is a great lie. The article referred to by the author was published in all local newspaper in Ramadaan 1385 A.H. and read by all inside and outside the Kingdom. There is no mention in it of the earth’s roundness or that it is lawful to kill whoever holds this. The quotation I cited from the speech of the great scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) includes proof that the earth is round. Thus, how on earth could Ahmad Bahaa’ Al-Deen or those who have transmitted this news to him propagate such falsehood and attribute it to an article that was published and read by people everywhere, may Allaah be Glorified! I wonder how brazen-faced is that slanderer! However, there is no wonder that such a lie is being woven by advocates of atheism and destructive ideologies. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: It is only those who believe not in the Aayaat (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allaah, who fabricate falsehood, and it is they who are liars. It is also authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Three are the signs of a hypocrite: when they speak, they tell lies; when they promise, they break their promise; and when they are entrusted, they betray. I only deemed it lawful to kill whoever claims that the sun is static and refuses to repent of this after clarification. This is because denying the circulation of the sun constitutes a denial of Allaah (Glorified be He), His Great Book, and His Honorable Messenger. It is well established in the Deen (religion of Islaam) by way of decisive evidence and Ijmaa` (consensus) of scholars that whoever denies Allaah, His Messenger, or His Book is a Kaafir (disbeliever) and their blood and wealth become violable. It is the duty of the responsible authority to ask them to repent of this; either they repent or be executed. Thanks to Allaah that this issue is not debatable among scholars... read more here.

A general advice on the Day of Salaat-ul-Istisqaa’

All praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Words, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

Muslims in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will offer Salaat-ul-Istisqaa’ (Prayer for rain) on Monday 27 Shawwaal 1386 A.H., so I decided to draw the attention of my fellow Muslim brothers to some matters which every Muslim should consider. Muslims should bring themselves to account, strive against their souls to achieve prosperity and salvation, do what pleases Allaah, and protect themselves from anything that is harmful to their lives and the Hereafter. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: O you who believe! Fear Allaah and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what you do. And be not like those who forgot Allaah (i.e. became disobedient to Allaah), and He caused them to forget their ownselves, (let them to forget to do righteous deeds). Those are the Faasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah). In this Noble Aayah (Qur’aanic verse), Allaah orders the believers to fear Him and consider the deeds they have brought forth for the Day of Resurrection in order to hold fast to what benefits them and pleases Allaah (Exalted be He), and to beware of deeds which incur Allaah’s Wrath. This is the great benefit of contemplating the deeds which one has sent forth for the Day of Resurrection. Allaah (Glorified be He) has clarified that He is All-Aware of the deeds of His servants as no secret is hidden from Him, and that we must fear Him and reform our inner and outer deeds. He (Exalted be He) repeatedly orders them to have Taqwaa (fear or wariness of offending Allaah) as it is the only means to happiness and well-being... read more here.

Worries and doubts afflicting Eemaan

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets.

In its second edition, Al-Rayaa magazine published a message by the Islaamic Center in Geneva, including many inquiries starting with Eemaan (faith or belief), as many people are suffering from doubts and worries. Is it true? A reply came from brother Dr. Sa`eed Ramadaan, who said after praising Allaah: “It is well known that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) innately created all humankind with belief in Him as the Lord, God and Controller of their affairs to be feared, beseeched for help, and approached through various acts of worship. Allaah (Exalted be He) said: So set you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) your face towards the religion (of pure Islaamic Monotheism) Haneef (worship none but Allaah Alone). Allaah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allaah’s Islaamic Monotheism) with which He has created mankind. In an authentic Hadeeth, the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: Allaah states: I have created my servants naturally inclined to the Truth, but devils deceived them, led them astray from their religion, and commanded them to associate partners with Me for which I sent down no evidence.True Eemaan is to believe in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Last Day and divine decree in prosperity and adversity. This was the Prophet’s reply to Jibreel’s (Gabriel) question about Eemaan, which consists of more than seventy branches (i.e. parts), the highest of which is testifying that there is no god but Allaah and the lowest rank is removing harmful objects from the road. Eemaan also increases through obedience and decreases due to disobedience, as clearly pointed out in Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses), prophetic Hadeeths and the way followed by the Salaf (righteous predecessors). After this introduction and definition of Eemaan, we say that it is subject to worries and doubts for many reasons.

1- Ignorance about prerequisites and evidence of Eemaan.

2- Failure to apply what you know, and this gradually leads to weakness of Eemaan, until it totally vanishes and is replaced with doubts. This fact is supported by actual occurrences as well as Islaamic texts.

3- Being in an environment devoid of Eemaan, which feeds suspicion and doubt, thus leading to wavering Eemaan and weakness in the face of temptation and deviant impulses; especially if one is of little knowledge and does not have good companions who can help them remain steadfast. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Hasten to perform (good) deeds before trials which are as dark as night, where one can be a believer in the morning and a disbeliever at night, or a believer at night and a disbeliever in the morning, who barters Eemaan for the perishable goods of this life... read more here.

Ruling on swearing by other than Allaah

Question: Is it permissible to swear by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)?

Answer: It is not permissible to swear by any creature, including the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Ka`bah, honesty, or anything else according to the majority of scholars. Rather, some scholars reported a consensus that this is prohibited. An odd view, however, is reported about the permissibility of swearing by the Prophet (peace be upon him), which is a groundless opinion. In fact, it is an invalid view that contradicts the preceding consensus of scholars and authentic Hadeeths mentioned on this issue. Among these Hadeeths is the one related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim on the authority of Ameer Al-Mu’mineen (Commander of the Believers), `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Verily! Allaah forbids you to swear by your fathers. If one has to take an oath, they should swear by Allaah or else keep silent. It is also related in the Two Saheeh Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever swears, saying (by error) in their oath ‘By Al-Laat and Al-`Uzzaa,’ they should say, ‘Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah).’read more here.

The grave worshippers claim that they call dead only to bring them near to Allaah

Question: What about the questioner’s saying that such worshippers claimed that they worshipped them only to bring them near to Allaah, thus acknowledging their worship of them, while the latter (group) claimed that they did not worship them but only sought their blessings?

Answer: Consideration is given to facts and meaning and not to words. Thus, if they say that they do not worship them but rather seek their blessings, it would not avail them as long as they perform the practices of the Mushriks preceding them, even if they do not call it worship (as they call it seeking their intercession or blessings). Seeking other than Allaah and invoking the dead, the prophets, and the righteous, and offering sacrifices to them, prostrating to or calling for their help – are all acts of worship, even if they call it service or anything else, since what count are facts and not names, as explained above… read more here.

Are Qubooriyyoon (grave worshippers) Mushriks, although they only seek blessings through them?

Question: It is said that the early Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) admitted that they worshipped their gods only to bring them near to Allaah. They were in fact idol worshippers, so how can you declare those you call Qubooriyyoon (i.e.) grave worshippers, to be Mushriks although they do not worship idols or claim that the dead should be worshipped, but they only seek blessings through them?

Answer: Worship is not defined through people’s views but it is determined through Allaah’s Judgment (Glorified and Exalted be He). The early Mushriks are divided into different categories, such as those who worshipped idols, those who worshipped prophets, those who worshipped righteous people, those who worshipped trees, those who worshipped stones, and those who worshipped other things. Thus, they are not on an equal level. However, Allaah declared them all to be disbelievers until they enter His Religion and worship Him Alone. He (Exalted be He) says: Nor would he order you to take angels and Prophets for lords (gods). Would he order you to disbelieve after you have submitted to Allaah’s Will? (Tafseer al-Tabaree). Thus, He declared those who worship the prophets and angels disbelievers if they do not submit to what is right. Moreover, it is well known thatthe people of Al-Ta’eef worshipped Al-Laat, who was a righteous man. However, Allah declared them to be disbelievers until they entered Islaam. Likewise, the Christians would worship the Messiah (Jesus) and his mother, while he was a Prophet and his mother was a Siddeeqah [i.e. she believed in the Words of Allaah and His Books], and in turn they (Christians) were declared disbelievers. The same applies to the Jews who worshipped their rabbis and their monks and worshipped ‘Uzayr (Ezra) claiming that he was the son of the Lord, and in turn they became disbelievers… read more here.

Islaamic unity, Sufi groups, spread of Bid`ahs and misguidance, and the duties of Ahl-al-Sunnah towards them

Al-Tadamun Al-Islami Magazine had the honor of making interview with His Excellency, Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz, Chairman of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Iftaa’, Da`wah, and Guidance.

His Excellency, Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz was one of the scholars of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Islaamic Ummah (nation based on one creed). He is a remarkable authority in Islaamic education and one of the great figures of the Islaamic thought in this age. Moreover, he exerted great efforts in promulgating the pure Islaamic creed, removing the misconceptions, spreading the Islaamic Da`wah (Call) all over the world.

His Excellency kindly answered the questions of the reporter of Al-Tadamun Al-Islami Magazine about many issues that concern the Islamic Ummah.

Following is the account of this view:

The issue of Al-Quds and Afghanistan:

Talking about the impact of Islamic conferences and meetings headed by his Excellency on the Islaamic work, Islamic creed, and on particular the Islamic awakening, he said:

In the Name of Allaah, the All-Merciful, the Ever-Merciful. May the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon Allaah’s Messenger, and upon all his family and Companions.

We gather in these meetings with fellow Muslims working for the sake of Islaam and Islaamic scholars and intellectuals from all the countries of the world. Through these meetings, we wish welfare and prosperity for Muslims as such meetings are for the sake of Islaam and its followers.

Among the most important of these meetings is that of the members of the founding council of the Muslim World League, which is being held these days for the sake of discussing the issues concerning the Muslims and exerting every possible effort in an attempt to illustrate and bring about sound solutions, in the hope that they might benefit the Muslims and solve their problems.

The most important issue that concerns the Muslims is the issue of the Middle East. It is a chronic issue and the issue of Palestine and Al-Quds (Jerusalem). The late events of Lebanon took place at the hands of the enemies of Allaah from the Jews, and the struggle among the Lebanese themselves, made things even worse and aggravated the catastrophe.

The future is for the Mujaahids:

The founding council of the Muslim World League pays great attention to these two issues, about which they issued resolutions and recommendations that they deemed appropriate. I ask Allaah (Exalted be He) to benefit the Muslims through this.

Another issue that concerns the Muslims is that of the ongoing war between the Afghani Mujaahids (those fighting in the Cause of Allaah) and the hireling communist government in Kabul.

This Jihaad (fighting or striving in the Cause of Allah) undoubtedly concerns all the Muslims. Thanks to Allaah, the realities augur well and the victories of the Afghani Muslim Mujaahids are successive, since their lands were occupied and they were oppressed in their religion. Thus, we wish victory for them and ask Allaah to grant them good endings. All current good omens indicate that the future bodes well in favor of the Mujahids, and that Allaah will grant them victory over their enemy and return them successful, triumphant and high-mettled to their countries. It also indicates that Allaah will humiliate their hireling enemy and those who helped and assisted it… read more here.

Ruling on people whom the call of Islaam does not reach

Question: There are millions of people around the world whom the Da`wah (call to Islaam) does not reach. What is the religious ruling on them? Will their fate be Hellfire? If the answer is yes, what is their guilt if the Message of Islaam did not reach them? Will they enter Paradise? How could they enter into it while they did not perform the obligations imposed on them in this worldly life by their Lord? I hope you could explain this matter to me. May Allaah reward you the best!

Answer: The most preponderant opinion regarding this category of people is that they will be tested on the Day of Judgment; those who follow the command will enter Paradise, whereas those who disobey it will enter the Hellfire, as Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).

The eminent scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) expatiated upon this category in the last chapter of his book, Tareeq al-Hijratayn [The Way of the Two Hijrahs] within a discussion on the categories of the Mukallafs (people meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions). For more information, you can refer to it, since it includes a comprehensive answer to the question... read more here.

Impact of Da`wah on the spread of Islaam (The Merits of Da`wah)

All praise be to Allaah. We glorify Him and seek His Help and Forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evils of ourselves and the bad consequences of our deeds. Those whom Allaah guides, there is none that can lead them astray; and those whom Allaah leads astray, there is none that can guide them. I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah Alone without any partner. I also bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May peace and blessings be upon the Prophet of Allaah, his family, his Companions, whoever follows his way and whoever is guided by his guidance until the Day of Judgment.

I would like to thank the officials of the Muslim League for inviting me to participate in the cultural season of 1391 A.H.

I ask Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to benefit Muslims with this cultural season, give success to the efforts of the organizers, and reward them much. Allaah is the Best One to be asked.

The officials of the League suggested that I speak about the impact of Da`wah (calling others to Allaah) on the spread of Islaam. I accepted their suggestion; thus, the title of the lecture is “The Merits of Da`wah”.

This lecture has two parts; First: The merits of Da`wah. Second: The impact of Da`wah on the spread of Islaam... read more here.

General and important advice By Shaykh Ibn Baaz

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, and his family and Companions.

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to whoever reads this of the Muslims. May Allaah guide me and them to comprehension of religious knowledge and conduct me and them along His Straight Path.

May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!

This advice intends to draw attention to some abominable acts ignorantly committed by many people as a result of Satanic temptation and corruption of their minds and thoughts in submission to the whim of those who commit it.

Among these acts is that which I was informed about; that some people call others to worship them, alleging things that could delude the common people into the belief that they could dispose of the affairs of the universe or that they are qualified to be invoked in order to benefit or to harm. Such an act on the part of those aberrant people is an imitation Fir`awn (Pharaoh) and similar evil disbelievers, since Allaah Alone – and none else – deserves to be worshipped due to His Omnipotence, Prescience, and not being in need of any of His creatures. For worship of Allaah Alone is the purpose of sending Messengers and Books and for which Allaah created the jinn and mankind and legislated Jihaad (fighting or striving in the Cause of Allaah). Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).read more here.

Islaam in words, actions and beliefs

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, our Prophet and Imaam, Muhammad, and upon his family and Companions.

In issue no. 1590, dated December 17, 1983, Al-Nadwaa Journal, the editor published an article titled “These Islaamic Pages.” In this article, he stated: “Almost all journals here and in most of the Islaamic countries persist in devoting some pages or columns to talks on Islaam every now and then. Well, why is that? Are not they Muslims who testify that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, even if in words only? Do they not heartily believe that they are Muslims and carry birth certificates and identity cards that say they are Muslims? (Surely, the answer is yes) even, the constitutions of almost all their countries state that their religion is Islaam. Why then do they talk much about Islaam? What is the objective of these journals or these pages? Do they call for Prayers? The mosques are full with praying persons who know well how to straighten the lines and who reply to the Imam ‘our lines are straightened’. Is it a call, for example, for Hajj? Indeed, most of the Muslims hasten to perform Hajj and Allaah is more aware of intentions. Is it a call for Zakaah (obligatory charity)? Indeed, many of them pay Zakaah, voluntarily or involuntarily. Verily, Islaam about which people talk much implies all these pillars. Yet, it implies them as rules upon which is based a whole system of life; life with all of its activities, values, and visions that clarify that Islaam in essence isa life system that is built on a special conception of life with all of its values. On this sound basis, all the systems of government, economy, education, morality, and international relations between the Muslim country and the rest of the world are established. Moreover, Da`wah to Islam must run according to this conception alone and – In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills) – we will try to make this page conform to such conception. Here, we invite the readers, when they write to us to take this conception into consideration and through this view.” All these are the words of the editor as published in Al-Nadwaa Journal… read more here.

Tafseer of the Aayah: “The Hand of Allaah is over their hands”

Tafseer of the Aayah: The Hand of Allaah is over their hands.

From `Abd-al-`Azeez Ibn `Abd-Allaah Ibn Baaz to the respected brother, al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). To proceed:

With reference to your Fatwaa’ request registered in the Department of Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ no. 3137 dated 11/7/1408 A.H., it reads: We attended a Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) seminar held in a Masjid (mosque) called Abu Al-Haytham ibn Al-Tayhan and located in Salibiayh district in Kuwait. The Shaykh interpreted the Saying of Allaah (whose meanings are translated as): The Hand of Allaah is over their hands. He said that this Aayah has more than one meaning. It can be Allaah’s Help given to them, Allaah’s Power with them, or Allaah’s Knowledge of their conditions and intentions. After the seminar finished, one brother told the Shaykh that his interpretation of this Aayah goes against `Aqeedah (creed) of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and complies with the views of Al-Asha`irah (a Muslim group that bases its creedal issues on logic). The Shaykh was annoyed and replied that Al-Mawaardee and Ibn Katheer mentioned this interpretation in their books. The man corrected him saying that Ibn Katheer did not state that, but it is Al-Mawaardee who advocated Asha`irah. The debate heated and people behaved aggressively labeling the man a Christian and Buddhist and they were about to beat him but some protected him. Allaah knows that this man wanted to explain the truth out of his jealousy for the Muslim `Aqeedah and the impermissibility of delaying the correction of an error beyond the proper time. The man suggested that the issue should be referred to you and they agreed. Would you please enlighten us. May Allaah reward you the best. Waiting for your reply.

Please be informed that our `Aqeedah is to affirm Allaah’s Attribute of having a Hand and the other attributes stated by Him in His Noble Book or by His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the purified Sunnah. However, this Hand is such as befits Allaah’s Majesty without Takyeef (descriptive designation of Allaah’s Attributes) or Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation) or Tahreef (distortion of the meaning) or Ta`teel (denial of Allaah’s Attributes). We believe that there is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. We do not deny any of His Attributes with which He described Himself. We do not remove the words from their correct places. We do not discuss the nature of His Attributes or liken His Attributes to those of His creation, because there is nothing that can be compared to Him, and He has no peer, equal or rival. Just as He (Glorified be He) has a true “Being” which is not similar to that of His creatures, He does not resemble any of His creatures in any of His Attributes. Confirming the Attributes of the Creator does not entail comparing them to those of the created. This is the doctrine of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) including the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) and their followers from the best three generations of Islaam and their successors to this day… read more here.

Islaam in words, actions and beliefs

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, our Prophet and Imaam, Muhammad, and upon his family and Companions.

In issue no. 1590, dated December 17, 1983, Al-Nadwa Journal, the editor published an article titled “These Islaamic Pages.” In this article, he stated: “Almost all journals here and in most of the Islamic countries persist in devoting some pages or columns to talks on Islam every now and then. Well, why is that? Are not they Muslims who testify that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, even if in words only? Do they not heartily believe that they are Muslims and carry birth certificates and identity cards that say they are Muslims? (Surely, the answer is yes) even, the constitutions of almost all their countries state that their religion is Islaam. Why then do they talk much about Islaam? What is the objective of these journals or these pages? Do they call for Prayers? The mosques are full with praying persons who know well how to straighten the lines and who reply to the Imaam ‘our lines are straightened’. Is it a call, for example, for Hajj? Indeed, most of the Muslims hasten to perform Hajj and Allaah is more aware of intentions. Is it a call for Zakaah (obligatory charity)? Indeed, many of them pay Zakaah, voluntarily or involuntarily. Verily, Islaam about which people talk much implies all these pillars. Yet, it implies them as rules upon which is based a whole system of life; life with all of its activities, values, and visions that clarify that Islaam in essence is a life system that is built on a special conception of life with all of its values. On this sound basis, all the systems of government, economy, education, morality, and international relations between the Muslim country and the rest of the world are established. Moreover, Da`wah to Islaam must run according to this conception alone and – In-shaa’-Allah (if Allaah wills) – we will try to make this page conform to such conception. Here, we invite the readers, when they write to us to take this conception into consideration and through this view.” All these are the words of the editor as published in Al-Nadwaa Journal… read more here.

Tafseer of the Qur’aanic Aayah: “The Hand of Allaah is over their hands”

Tafseer of the Aayah: The Hand of Allaah is over their hands.

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to the respected brother, Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). To proceed:

With reference to your Fatwaa request registered in the Department of Scholarly Research and Ifta’ no. 3137 dated 11/7/1408 A.H., it reads: We attended a Tafsir (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’an) seminar held in a Masjid (mosque) called Abu Al-Haytham ibn Al-Tayhan and located in Salibiayh district in Kuwait. The Shaykh interpreted the Saying of Allah (whose meanings are translated as): The Hand of Allaah is over their hands. He said that this Aayah has more than one meaning. It can be Allaah’s Help given to them, Allaah’s Power with them, or Allaah’s Knowledge of their conditions and intentions. After the seminar finished, one brother told the Shaykh that his interpretation of this Aayah goes against `Aqeedah (creed) of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and complies with the views of Al-Asha`irah (a Muslim group that bases its creedal issues on logic). The Shaykh was annoyed and replied that Al-Mawardee and Ibn Katheer mentioned this interpretation in their books. The man corrected him saying that Ibn Katheer did not state that, but it is Al-Mawardee who advocated Asha`irah. The debate heated and people behaved aggressively labeling the man a Christian and Buddhist and they were about to beat him but some protected him. Allaah knows that this man wanted to explain the truth out of his jealousy for the Muslim `Aqeedah and the impermissibility of delaying the correction of an error beyond the proper time. The man suggested that the issue should be referred to you and they agreed. Would you please enlighten us. May Allaah reward you the best. Waiting for your reply… read more here.

A scholar is commended for his conformity with the Qur’aan and Sunnah

A scholar is commended for his conformity with the Qur’aan and Sunnah”

18- Al-Saaboonee reported in his sixth article as well as in some of his previous articles from the Shaykh of Islaam, Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him), saying: “Scholars are the advocates of `Uloom-ul-Deen (sciences of the religion) and Al-Asha`irah are the advocates of Usool-ul-Deen (principles of the religion).”

He then added that this statement is quoted from the fourth volume of Al-Fataawaa. Yet, referring to Al-Fataawaa (vol. 4, p. 16), it was discovered that this statement belongs to Jurist ‘Aboo Muhammad and not to the Shaykh of Islaam. Thus, the mistake of Al-Saaboonee as regards the misquotation becomes manifest. Supposing his words are true, they do not prove that Al-Asha`irah are not to be condemned for their mistakes. For the Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) rule – which is pointed out by the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him) and other scholars – dictate that a scholar is praised for the matters in which he conforms to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and is condemned for things in which he disagrees with the Qura’an and the Sunnah. This statement of the Shaykh of Islaam (may Allah be merciful to him) is the truth, which is adopted by Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) for Al-Asha`irah and others are to be praised for what they stated and wrote in support of truth in Usul-ul-Din as well as in other fields but they are blamed for their mistakes in order to affirm the truth and refute the falsehood, so that less enlightened people would not be confused. Allah is the One sought for help… read more here.

Impermissibility of ascribing Ta’weel of Allaah’s Attributes to the Salaf

Impermissibility of ascribing Ta’weel of Allaah’s Attributes to the Salaf:

It is also impermissible to ascribe Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah) as this is contrary to their Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence). Rather, Ta’weel is ascribed to Al-Asha`irah (a Muslim group that bases its creedal issues on logic) and other innovators in religion, who allegorically interpreted texts, giving them incorrect meaning. As for the examples quoted by fellow Al-Saaboonee that refer to Ta’weel with regard to Ahl-ul-Sunnah, they bear no argument in this point. The statements of quoted scholars do not involve Ta’weel but explain the meanings and remove any confusion that may affect some people as regards their denotation.

As for, Allaah’s Saying: They have forgotten Allaah, so He has forgotten them. Forgetting here is not equivalent in meaning to that mentioned in Allaah’s Saying: …and your Lord is never forgetful Or in His Saying: …in a Record. My Lord neither errs nor He forgets. It has a different meaning from the confirmed forgetting in Allaah’s Saying: They have forgotten Allaah, so He has forgotten them. It means that Allaah (Exalted be He) left them in their aberration and abandoned them because they neglected His Commands and turned away from His Religion due to their hypocrisy and denial. The kind of forgetting that is negated with regard to Allaah (Exalted be He) is that which denotes inattention and oblivion; for Allaah (Exalted be He) is far above such forgetting due to His Perfect Omniscience and Encompassing Knowledge of all the affairs and conditions of His slaves. Indeed, He is the Ever-Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists; no slumber or sleep overtakes Him. Glorified and Exalted be He above all this… read more here.

Al-Asha`irah are not considered of Ahl-ul-Sunnah because they do not affirm Allaah’s Attributes

Al-Asha`irah are not considered of Ahl-ul-Sunnah because they do not affirm Allaah’s Attributes:

17- Al-Saaboonee mentioned in his sixth article, which opens with his saying: “This is a plain statement for mankind. The Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) of some Aayaahs and Hadeeths on Attributes does not rule the Muslim out of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream), since some of them are wrong while some others are right. Moreover, there are explicit Aayaahs on Ta’weel that were allegorically interpreted by the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet), and the Salafee scholars. No one could dare accuse them of aberration or rule them out of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah.” Then he gave examples of this, including Allaah’s saying: They have forgotten Allaah, so He has forgotten them. The examples also include Aayaahs on Allaah mocking at the mockers, scoffing at the scoffers, and planning against the plotters, and also the authentic Hadeeth about Allaah’s saying: I was sick but you did not visit Me and I was hungry but you did not feed Me. He went on to say: “Thus, the case is not like what some people think, namely, that the Madh-hab of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) does not involve Ta’weel at all. Rather, the Madh-hab of the Salaf requires allegorical interpretation of what should inevitably be allegorically interpreted.”

Answer: This claim requires detail. It combines truth and falsehood, for his claim that applying Ta’weel to some of Allaah’s Attributes does not remove a Muslim from Ahl-ul-Sunnah is generally true, since the person who applies Ta’weel to some of Allah’s Attributes, such as Al-Asha`irah, is not consequently removed from the Muslims or Ahl-ul-Sunnah, as regards matters other than the Attributes. Yet, he is not included in Ahl-ul-Sunnah when it comes to affirmation of the Attributes and disaffirmation of Ta’weel. Al-Asha`irah and their like are not included in Ahl-ul-Sunnah as regards the affirmation of the Attributes, since they disagree with them in this matter and assume different approach. This, however, requires repudiating them, exposing their mistake as regards Ta’weel, and explaining that it contradicts the approach of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah, as is already stated in the first of the present notes. There is no problem in saying that Al-Asha`irah are not among Ahl-ul-Sunnah as regards Divine Names and Attributes, even though they are among them as regards other matters. In this way, anyone reviewing their Madh-hab would recognize that they make a mistake when they applied Ta’weel to some Attributes and thus disagreed with the Sahabah and those who righteously followed them in this matter. This, in turn, would imply confirmation of truth and setting Ahl-ul-Sunnah and Al-Asha`irah in the positions where they really are… read more here.

Ibn Hajar and other scholars who slipped into Ta’weel are not declared to be disbelievers …

Ibn Hajar and other scholars who slipped into Ta’weel are not declared to be disbelievers and the Madh-hab of the scholar is that which he holds before death:

16- Al-Saaboonee then stated in his fifth article (may Allaah guide him and grant him success): “Yet, hope Salafee brothers would escape the burden of misleading the Ummah and declaring the Imaams of the Muslims and scholars of Fiqh, Hadeeth, and Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) who follow the Madh-hab of Al-Asha`irah, to be disbelievers. What would we gain if we split the line of the Muslims and accuse someone like the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaanee, the commentator of Al-Bukhaaree, of disbelief? He then referred to some other scholars and said: “All those and other revered Imaams followed the Madh-hab of Imaam Al-Ash`aree … “

Answer: None of the Salafee scholars declares the scholars concerned to be disbelievers. Rather, they uncover their mistakes as regards Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) of many Attributes and explain that they are contrary to the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah). Thus, they do not declare them to be disbelievers or disrupt the unity of the Ummah or even split their lines. Rather, this is advice for the sake of Allaah and His slaves, an illustration of the truth, refutation of the claims of their opponents through textual and logical evidence, performance of what Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) obliged scholars to do, including explaining the truth, carrying out Da`wah (calling to Islaam), and guiding to Allaah’s Way. Hence, if the advocates of truth refrain from unfolding the truth, those on the wrong side will persist in their mistakes and others would imitate them in their mistakes. In turn, those who refrain from unfolding the truth would draw on themselves the sin of withholding the truth, a sin that Allaah (Glorified be He) warned those who commit it in His saying: Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidence and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allaah and cursed by the cursers. Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. Moreover, Allaah (Exalted be He) took the covenant from the People of the Book to make the truth known and clear to mankind, and condemned them for throwing it away behind their backs and also warned us against following them… read more here.

The Salaf neither allegorically interpreted Allaah’s Attributes nor engaged in anthropomorphism

The Salaf neither allegorically interpreted Allaah’s Attributes nor engaged in anthropomorphism since this is an innovation in religion that finds no support in the Qur’aan or Sunnah:

15- Al-Saaboonee stated in his fifth article that it is not the Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) – which we already discussed in preceding articles, on the topic of the Attributes of the Creator (Glorified and Exalted be He) – to absolutely leave the issue of Attributes to Allaah, as some people say. Rather, it is another approach that indicates perspicacity and sound and straight understanding of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah texts. This way and approach could be summarized through the following points:

First: Applying Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) to the Aayahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadeeths on Attributes where Ta’weel is inescapable due to linguistic, Shar`ee (Islaamic legal), or creedal reasons.

Second: Acknowledging what the Glorious Qur’aan or the Purified Sunnah established of the Attributes of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), such as hearing, sight, speech, love, contentment, Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne in a manner that befits Him), descending, coming, approaching and other attributes, and believing in them in the way they are intended by Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), thus confirming them to be true and leaving them to Allaah without Tashbeeh (comparison), Ta`teel (negation of the meaning or function of Allaah’s Attributes), Tajseem (anthropomorphism) or Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation).

Answer: The claim that this is the view of the Madh-hab of the Salaf is baseless, since it is not the Madh-hab of the Salaf to leave the issue of Allaah’s Names and Attributes to Allaah, neither generally nor specifically. Rather, they leave the issue of Takyeef (descriptive designation of Allaah’s Attributes) as previously explained and as was stated by Maalik, Ahmad and others, and – before them – by Ummi Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) and Rabee`ah ibn ‘Aboo `Abdul-Rahmaan,the Shaykh of Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with them all). It is also not the Madh-hab of the Salaf to interpret the attributes. Rather, they accept them as they are stated and believe in their meanings in the way that befits Allaah’s Glory without Tahreef (distortion of the meaning), Ta`teel, Takyeef, or Tamtheel as repeatedly mentioned above… read more here.

The requisites of unity and holding fast to the Rope of Allaah

14- In his fourth article, he called for uniting Muslims and making collaborative efforts to stand against the enemies of Islaam. He also mentioned that this is not the right time to attack the followers of the Madh-habs, Al-Asha`irah, the Muslim Brotherhood, or even the Sufi’s.

Answer: Undoubtedly, the Muslims must unite their lines, adhere to the truth, and help one another in righteousness and piety against the enemies of Islaam, as Allaah (Glorified be He) has commanded them when He (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur’aan), and be not divided among yourselves He (Glorified be He) also warned them against division, saying: And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. However, the necessity of the unity of the Muslims, their cooperative efforts in adherence to the word of truth and their holding fast to the Rope of Allaah do not mean that they neglect denouncing abominable acts or beliefs of the Sufi’s or others… read more here.

Reality of the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah

Reality of the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah:

8- Al-Saaboonee mentioned in his second article that Ahl-ul-Sunnah has two famous Madh-habs: First: the Madh-hab of the Salaf (righteous predecessors). Second: the Madh-hab of the Khalaf (successors of the Salaf).

Answer: This is a manifest mistake that – as far as I know – has no precedent. Indeed, the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah is only one Madh-hab which embodies the traditions of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and those who righteously followed them, namely acknowledging the Names and Attributes of Allaah (Exalted be He), accepting them just as they are mentioned and believing that they are true and that Allaah (Exalted be He) is described by them in a way that befits His Majesty, with no Tahreef (distortion of their meaning), Ta`teel (negation of the meaning or function of Allaah’s Attributes), Takyeef (descriptive designation of Allaah’s Attributes), Tamtheel (likening them to those of His Creation), or Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) that puts them out of their literal meaning, or even Tafweed (leaving the issue of their meanings to Allaah). Rather, they believe that their meanings are known, that they truly befit Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and that nothing of them could be likened to any of Allaah’s creation. The Madh-hab of Khalaf is the opposite to this, as is known to anyone who reads both sides… read more here.

Censure of dissension and referring disputes to the Qur’aan and Sunnah

Censure of dissension and referring disputes to the Qur’aan and Sunnah:

7- In his second article, the writer, Shaykh Muhammad `Alee Al-Saaboonee censured the division of Muslims into Salafee’s, Ash`aree’s, Sufis, Maturidee’s, and so on. Well, this dispersion undoubtedly grieves every Muslim, and the Muslims should unite for the cause of truth and help one another in righteousness and piety. However, Allaah (Exalted be He) has predestined that for the Ummah due to great wisdom and commendable purposes, for which He (Exalted be He) is to be praised and the details of which are only known to Him. Among them is discrimination between His Awliyaa’ (pious servants) and His enemies, and between those who earnestly seek the truth and those who dissent and turn away from it and follow their own vain desires. This also implies an attestation that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is truly the Messenger of Allaah, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) informed Muslims of this separation before it took place. Indeed, it occurred just as he foretold. He (peace be upon him) said: ‘My Ummah (nation based on one creed) will split into seventy-three sects, all of which will be in Hellfire except one.’ They asked, ‘Who is that sect, O Messenger?’ He (peace be upon him) replied, ‘That is Al-Jamaa`ah (the true followers of the actions and creed of the Prophet and his Companions).’ According to another version, he (peace be upon him) replied: Those who follow the path which I and my Companions are on today. This obligates Muslims to gather for the cause of truth and refer every disputable matter to Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Correct Tafweed is related to the manner, not the meaning

Correct Tafweed is related to the manner, not the meaning:

5- In his first article, after the introduction he said: You should not put them – referring to Al-Asha`irah and Al-Matroodiyyah – in the same boat with Al-Rawafeed, Al-Mu`tazilah and Al-Khawaarij, who dissented from (the path of) Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). The most we can say is that we judge them as being mistaken in their Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) because it is safer to leave the issue of Attributes to Allaah, from Whom no secret is hidden. End of quote.

Answer: The sects that differ from Ahl-ul-Sunnah vary in their errors; the error of Al-Asha`irah, is not like that of Al-Khawaarij, Al-Mu`tazilah, or Al-Jahmiyyah. Yet, this does not preclude exposing the error of Al-Asha`irah as regards their disagreement with Ahl-ul-Sunnah, in the way he exposed the errors of other sects, for the sake of revealing the truth and unveiling the falsehood of other claims to convey the Message of Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him) and escape the warning mentioned in Allaah’s saying: Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidence and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allaah and cursed by the cursers. Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.read more here.

Male Qawwaamah, is it a form of duty and not an elevation?

4- He said that the male Qawwaamah (the right of the man upon the woman resulting from the duties imposed upon him towards her) over women is a form of duty and not an elevation.

Answer: This is a mistake and the correct opinion is that men’s Qawwaamah over women is both a duty and an elevation, since Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allaah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Hence, Allaah (Glorified be He) makes it clear that He has granted men Qawwaamah over women due to two points. 

First: The advantage of men over women in general. 

Second: Men’s spending from their means to support women, such as paying Mahr (mandatory gift to the bride from her groom) and other expenditures  read more here.

Is the Madh-hab of Al-Asha`irah (الأشاعرة) upon Truth or Deviance?

Is the Madh-hab of Al-Asha`irah (الأشاعرة) upon truth or deviance:

3. He mentioned that differences in creed are narrow and that the people who claim that the Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of Al-Asha`irah is false should be asked to refer to the Fatwas of Ibn Taymiyyah and read what Ibn Taymiyyah wrote about ‘Aboo Al-Hasan Al-Ash’aree so that we could perceive how ignorant those people are. (End of quote)

Answer: It should be said that many sects undoubtedly went astray due to the difference in creed, such as Al-Mu`tazilah (a deviant Islamic sect claiming that those who commit major sins are in a state between belief and disbelief), Al-Jahmiyyah (a deviant Islaamic sect denying some Attributes of Allaah, claiming they are ascribed to people and cannot be ascribed to Allaah), Al-Raafidah (a Shee`ah group denying the caliphates of ‘Aboo Bakr Al-Siddeeq and `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab and making accusations against them and many other Companions of the Prophet), Al-Qaadariyyah, and others. Likewise, Al-Asha`irah went astray regarding the issues in which they disagreed with the Qur’aan, the Sunnah, and the eminent scholars of this Ummah and the Imams of guidance, i.e. the Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them), the Taabi`oon (the generation after the Companions and the Prophet) and those who righteously followed them, and the guided Imaams. They (Al-Asha`irah) interpreted Allaah’s Names and Attributes wrongly. However, ‘Aboo Al-Hasan Al-Ash’aree (may Allaah be merciful to him) was not one of Al-Asha`irah, even if they associated themselves with him. He gave up their Madh-hab and embraced the Madh-hab of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). Thus, the praise of Imams to him is not praise to the Madh-hab of Al-Asha`irah… read more here.

Imitation (Taqleed) of the Four Imaams

Important remarks on the writings of Shaykh Muhammad `Alee Al-Saboonee on the Attributes of Allaah

All praise be to Allaah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family, his Companions, and those who follow his guidance.

I have looked into the interview which Al-Mujtama` Magazine made with His Eminence, Shaykh Muhammad `Alee Al-Saboonee published in issue no. 613, dated 7 Jumaada Al-Thaanee, 1403 A.H. I have also looked into his six articles published in Al-Mujtama` Magazine, issues no. 627 (dated 17 Ramadaan, 1403 A.H.), no. 628 (dated 24 Ramadaan, 1403 A.H.), no. 629 (dated 9 Shawwal, 1403 A.H.), no. 630 (dated 16 Shawwaal, 1403 A.H.), no. 631 (dated 31 Shawwaal, 1403 A.H.), and no. 646 (dated 17 Safar, 1404 A.H.). They included mistakes pointed out by His Eminence, Dr. Saalih ibn Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan, in his article published in Al-Da`wah Magazine, issue 15, no. 904 (dated 29 Shawwaal, 1403 A.H.), and in Al-Mujtama` Magazine, issues no. 646 (dated 17 Safar, 1404 A.H.) and no. 650 (dated 24 Safar, 1404 A.H.). Dr. Saalih’s remarks were accurate and useful (may Allaah reward him and support the truth through him). I thus deemed it necessary to comment on the mistakes of Shaykh Al-Saboonee to confirm what Dr. Saalih mentioned, contribute to good work, propagate the truth, and redress the mistakes that were not discussed by His Eminence Dr. Saalih in his two articles mentioned above. Indeed, Allaah Alone is the Guide to success.

Imitation of the Four Imaams:

1- Shaykh Al-Saboonee’s statement about Taqleed (strictly following a specific School of Jurisprudence) of the Four Imaams (‘Aboo Haneefah, Maalik, Al-Shaafi`ee and Ahmad) that it is among the foremost obligations, is undoubtedly a mistaken generalization, since it is not obligatory to strictly follow one of the four Imaams or anyone else, no matter how knowledgeable they may be. This is because the proper action is to follow the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and not to imitate anyone. Taqleed is only tolerated in case of necessity when the person followed is known for their knowledge, virtue, and upright creed, as explained in detail by the eminent scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) in his book I`laam Al-Mawaqqi`een. The Imaams (may Allaah be merciful to them) would refuse that any of their views be adopted other than those which were in accordance with the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. Imaam Maalik (may Allaah be merciful to him) said: “The view of every one is liable to be accepted or refused except for that of the one [entombed] in this grave (referring to the grave of the Prophet, peace be upon him).” His fellow Imaams also uttered opinions to the same effect… read more here.

Conditions of saying ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah’

Question: What are the conditions of saying “Laa ilaaha illaa-Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)”? Is it sufficient to say it without understanding its meaning and its consequences?

Answer: It is necessary to understand and realize the word “Laa ilaaha illaa-Allaah”, which is the best of words and the basis of the religion of Islaam. With it the prophets (peace be upon them) started their mission of guiding their people and it was the first thing that the Messenger (peace be upon him) called his people to say, so that they may succeed and prosper. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) but We revealed to him (saying): Laa ilaaha illaa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allaah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).” Every messenger said to his people: Worship Allaah! You have no other Ilaah (God) but Him. It is the essence of the religion; therefore, the one saying it must understand its meaning… read more here.

Allaah accepts no other religion (Deen) than Islaam

All praise be to Allaah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, and his family and Companions, and whoever is guided by his guidance. I read what was published in issue no. 5785 of the “Al-Madeenah” newspaper on 10 Rabee` Thaanee, 1403 A.H. and the answers given by some writers to the questions asked in the European magazine “Le Viva Romavzin.” I found the following paragraph: “There is a conflict between Christianity and Islaam, which I personally condemn, but I have noticed that some Christian missionaries, who deliver their speeches in Third World countries, distribute publications that criticize Islaam. I also know that some Muslim preachers print and distribute publications that criticize Christianity. This is very regretful, as Islaam and Christianity are two revealed religions, and we both believe in one God. Consequently, we should avoid all conflicts between our two religions and work to create an understanding between Muslims and Christians to serve humanity.” End quote.

As these words contain obvious mistakes and generalizations, it is incumbent upon me, and others like me, to draw attention to these mistakes, which are in violation of the purified Sharee`ah (Divine Law). I, therefore, assert that the conflict between Islaam and false religions, such as Judaism, Christianity, Buddhism and others, has continued from the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) up until now. Islaam criticizes the Jews and Christians, condemns their ugly actions and speaks out against their Kufr (disbelief) to warn Muslims of them… read more here.

A lecture on the fundamentals of Eemaan (belief)

All praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon the Servant of Allaah, His Messenger, the best of His Creatures, and His Trustee over His revelation, our Prophet, Imaam, Muhammad ibn `Abdullaah. May Allaah’s Peace and Blessings be upon his family, Companions, and those who adopt his way and follow his guidance until the Day of Resurrection.

Dear honorable brothers, my address to you will be on the fundamentals of Eemaan (faith). This topic was chosen by the university and I agreed to deliver this speech because it is an exceptionally important matter. It is acknowledged that our religion of Islaam is established upon these tenets, as our Ummah (nation based on one creed) cannot succeed, live in a state of happiness, security, and glory above other nations except through holding fast to these tenets and acting accordingly in terms of its statements, actions, general conduct, transactions, striving, and all its affairs… read more here.

Explanation of the Tawheed of the Prophets and its antithesis in the religions of the Kaafirs and Mushriks

All praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the worlds, and truly the good end shall always be for the righteous. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and upon all Prophets, Messengers, and righteous people.

Allaah (Praised and Exalted be He) sent His Honorable Messengers to guide people to know Him, to call them to Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) and sincere and pure dedication of `Ibaadah (worship) to Allaah Alone, as Allah (Exalted be He) says: And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).”

Allaah (Glorified be He) explains in this glorious Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) that He sent a Messenger for every Ummah (nation based on one creed) to invite them to worship Allaah Alone and avoid worshipping Taaghoot (false gods)… read more here.