Ruling on advance or deferred payment of Mahr

Question 4: Is it Waajib (obligatory) that a woman’s Mahr (mandatory gift to a bride from her groom) be paid once it is defined, at the time of concluding the contract of marriage? Or is it sufficient to define it, then the payment may be deferred to a later time after the consummation of marriage? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: It depends on the agreement between the husband and the wife or her Waliy (a legally accountable person acting for a woman regarding marriage). Whatever they agree on, whether advancing or deferring the payment of Mahr, is permissible for the matter is flexible; all praise be to Allaah Alone... read more here.

Mahr is the right of the bride

Question 3: If a person proposes to marry my daughter and gives her a Mahr (mandatory gift to a bride from her groom) of about fifty thousand Riyals, shall I give it back to him and keep only twothousand of it as some people do? Shall I do this while it is my daughter’s right? If I help her in buying some of her trousseau, will that be regarded as helping my sons? Please advise us concerning what we should do with these affairs as necessity arises. Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you)

Answer: You should not give back any part of her Mahr unless she permits you to do so if she was of legal age as it is her right. It is permissible for you to help her in some marriage affairs if necessity arises as you helped her brothers... read more here.

Permissibility of specifying a certain amount of Mahr by a tribe

Question 2: Our tribe agreed that Mahr (mandatory gift to a bride from her groom) is to be twenty five thousand riyals only. If the bride’s brother or father receives more than this, the tribe takes the extra amount of money and put sit in a tribe box which is allocated for helping the Miskeen (needy) people. Is it then permissible to take this extra sum as a sort of punishing whomever violates the convention set by the tribe?

Answer: If the concerned tribe agreed on a certain Mahr for the interest of the young boys and girls amongst them, no one is allowed to violate such an agreement. This is because such violation is to threaten the general interest of the people of the town or the tribe... read more here.

Reprehensibility of exaggeration in Mahr

Question 1: Is it permissible for women’s families to exaggerate in their dowries? Is it allowed for them to eat it all up? What is the evidence?

Answer: It is reprehensible to exaggerate in women’s dowries and one should make it easy but the Mahr (mandatory gift to a bride from her groom) is not prohibited for a woman to take even if it was overstated as Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and you have given one of them a Qintaar (of gold i.e. a great amount as Mahr) Qintaar… read more here.

Putting water on the grave of the first wife on the wedding night with the second is a Bidd‘ah

Question 9: In our village, when a wife dies and her husband marries a new one, they go to her grave on the wedding day and pour water on her grave, what is the ruling on that? 

Answer: There is no ground for that and it is Bidd`ah (innovation in religion)... read more here.

Females are permitted to beat the Duff during wedding

Question 8: What is the Duff (a tambourine-like instrument without bells)? Is it permissible for women to use Duff and sing on any occasion other than weddings? What is the drum and is it permissible to use it in weddings or other occasions?

Answer: Scholars mentioned that Duff is a tambourine that has two faces; one face covered and the second face is open. It is used by women in weddings. This is permissible in weddings as it is a way of announcing wedding. Women may sing usual songs with the Duff by which they praise the bride, bridegroom and their families or the like... read more here.

Is dancing and free intermixing of men and women, whether Mahrams or non-Mahrams, permissible in weddings?

Question 7: Is free intermixing (of men and women) in weddings permissible? What is the ruling on men’s dancing with a Mahram (spouse or permanently unmarriageable relative) and non-Mahram (not a spouse or an unmarriageable relative) women? Moreover, if men are alone, will there be any problem?

Answer: It is permissible in marriage to declare and announce it by using Duff (a tambourine-like instrument without bells) from the part of women. But free intermixing is not permissible if they are non-Mahrams. This is a Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) that should be removed... read more here.

What is the ruling on listening to music?

Question 6: What is the ruling on listening to music?

Answer: Music and musical instruments are all evil, but they are things that Satan makes appear attractive and enjoyable, and he calls people to them so as to distract them from the truth by means of falsehood... read more here.

What is the ruling on listening to songs?

Question 5: What is the ruling on listening to songs?

Answer: Listening to songs is undoubtedly Haraam (prohibited), as it might lead to other sins and temptations such as committing the unlawful act of Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), sodomy, or drinking Khamr (intoxicant), gambling, and befriending bad people... read more here.

Evidence from the Qur’aan and Sunnah prohibiting and warning against singing and musical instruments

I have looked into the report published by Al-Ra’id Magazine (67th and 68th issues) by Aboo Turaab Al-Zhaahiree entitled “The Book and Sunnah did not forbid singing and using and listening to musical instruments.” I considered carefully the Hadeeth and reports that he mentioned and relied upon in permitting singing and musical instruments in accordance with his Imaam Aboo Muhammad ibn Hazm Al-Zhaahiree. I was astonished at his extreme daring following his Imaam Aboo Muhammad to claim that all the Hadeeths reported prohibiting singing and musical instruments are weak... read more here.

Reminding of Allaah and advising people in wedding occasions

Question 3: Is it allowable to utilize wedding ceremonies to advise people in them for many people are present and a great deal of those people in particular do not listen to religious information except rarely? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: In fact, it is strongly recommend to remind people in weddings of what is obligatory on them concerning Allaah’s Right, obedience to Him, co-operation in righteousness and piety and advising one another to observe right and avoid the forbidden matters. Also, people should be encouraged to marry and reduce the costs of marriage so that marriage increases and chastity spreads among Muslims... read more here.

Celebrating wedding parties in hotels and halls is extravagance

Question2: Are the parties held in hotels that cost a lot of money considered a form of extravagance? If so, please advise us about this.

Answer: Parties that are held in hotels include many mistakes. First, they usually involve unnecessary extravagance. Second, they lead to overbearingness in setting banquets, in addition to the attendance of unnecessary people. Third, this leads to outrageous free intermixing (of men and women), whether the hotel employees or others... read more here.

Village’s tradition of charging a sum of money if the husband is not an inhabitant is condemned

Question 1: Your Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz (may Allaah protect him)
Al-Salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

We have an old tradition in some villages in the Southern Region. Anyone who marries his daughter or any one of his relatives to a man who is not from his village is obliged to pay two thousand Riyals which is called Maksar to his villagers to attend the Waleemah (wedding dinner) served in the husband’s village. If he refuses to pay the money, none of the villagers, males and females, goes with him or accepts his invitation to Waleemah. Anyone who goes with him will be fined and regarded as disobedient to the villagers.

It should be noted that this sum of money may be taken from the wife’s Mahr (mandatory gift to a bride from her groom) or from the property of the bride’s father. He pays it unwillingly only for the villagers to accompany him to the groom’s village. Please advise! May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Wa `alaykum al-salaamu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you too). To proceed:

This tradition is Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) and unjust… read more here.

Your husband’s sons from earlier or later marriages are Mahrams to you

Question 16: A woman got married to a man who had sons from another wife. He divorced her and married another wife who begot him a son.He asked her to raise this son. She did, but did not breastfeed him. Are all the husband’s sons regarded her Mahrams (permanently unmarriageable relative)?

Answer: All your husband’s sons from earlier or later marriage are regarded as Mahrams. You, therefore, do not have to wear Hijaab before them as Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says in Soorah Al-Noor… read more here.

Wearing Hijaab in front of son-in-law

Question 15: I have eight daughters. Four of them got married. I observe Hijaab (veil) before two of my sons-in-law and do not observe it before the others. Please advise whether it is permissible for me not to wear Hijaab before them.

Answer: Your sons-in-law are Mahrams (permanently unmarriageable relatives) for you. Therefore, you are permitted to uncover your face, hands and feet before them. But it is not an obligation. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Take advantage of the concessions which Allaah has given to you. He (peace be upon him) also said… read more here.

A son-in-law is a Mahram

Question 14: There is a woman who has a married daughter. This woman veils herself before the husband of her daughter; she does not eat with him; and she does not shake hands with him even on occasions. What is the ruling on this? 

Answer: A son-in-law is a Mahram (permanently unmarriageable relative) for his mother-in-law. Allaah (Glorified be He) says about unmarriageable relatives from among women: …your wives’ mothers This matter is unanimously agreed upon among scholars… read more here.

Being raised with someone does not make him a Mahram

Question 13: From `Abd-Al-`Azeez ibn `Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz to the honorable brother the questioner, may Allaah keep you safe.

Al-Salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!) To proceed:

With reference to your asking for Fatwaa’ registered in the Departments of Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ with No. (513), dated 5/2/1407 A.H., in which you asked a few questions,

I would like to inform you that you have to prevent your wife from attending parties which entail free intermixing of women with non-Mahram men (not a spouse or a permanently unmarriageable relative), even if her father does not agree to preventing her from that as there is no obedience to a creature in disobeying the Creator. Hence, it is incumbent upon you to inform the concerned body; the Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice to prevent the free intermixing of men and women in parties… read more here.

Invalidity of marriage to a fifth wife or more

Question 12: If a person is married to four wives and marries a fifth wife later and she gives birth to one baby, will the baby belong to this father? 

Answer: There is no doubt that marriage to a fifth wife is Baatil (null and void) as agreed upon unanimously by scholars (may Allaah be merciful with them). Al-Haafid Ibn Katheer (may Allaah be merciful to him) mentioned in his Tafseer (explanation of the meanings of the Qur’aan) that scholars, except Shiites, unanimously agreed that it is prohibited to marry a fifth wife… read more here.

Ruling on marrying a divorcee and her ex-husband’s daughter at the same time

Question 11: Is it permissible for a man to marry a divorcee and her stepdaughter at the same time? What is Your Eminence’s opinion on the juristic rule that states, “It is Haraam (prohibited) to combine in marriage two women at the same time such that if one of them (these two women) had been a man, it would not have been permissible for him to marry the other woman”?

Answer: In the chapter on women unlawful for marriage, scholars discussed this matter and stated that it is permissible for a man to marry a widow or a divorcee and her stepdaughter at the same time. They supported their view with the fact that `Abdullaah ibn Ja`far ibn ‘Aboo Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with them both) married one of the widows of his paternal uncle `Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him) and his daughter from another wife… read more here.

The stepson of a brother is not a Mahram to his sisters

Question 10: My brother got married to a woman who had a son from a previous marriage. My brother brought up this stepson, who was an orphan, since the latter was only two years old. He is twenty five years old now. Do I have to wear Hijaab (veil) in front of him bearing in mind that my brother took charge of him and raised him in his orphanage?

Answer: The concerned boy is not your brother’s son unless your brother’s wife breastfed him after being married to your brother or that your father’s wife did so. In such a case, the boy referred to in the question is considered your foster brother… read more here.

A stepmother is not a Mahram to her stepdaughter’s husband

Question 9: My father married a second woman and begot a son from her, can my husband be her Mahram (permanently unmarriageable relative) and see her without Hijaab (veil)? It is worth mentioning that my father is my husband’s maternal uncle and so she is the wife of my husband’s maternal uncle. Give us your Fatwaa’ (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) in this regard, may Allaah reward you with the best. 

Answer: The stepmother is not a Mahram for the husband of the stepdaughter. The Mahram relationship exists between the wife’s mother and the husband of her own daughter. Pointing out the female Mahrams, Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: …your wives’ mothers The stepmother is not a mother of the husband’s daughter of a previous wife… read more here.

Is the ex-husband a Mahram to the daughter of his divorced wife?

Question 8: I got married to a woman and then divorced her. This woman got married to another man and had a daughter. Am I a Mahram (permanently unmarriageable relative) for this daughter? It is worth mentioning that I am no longer a Mahram for her mother since I have divorced her. Does it make any difference if it was the first, second or third divorce? If I am a Mahram for her, may you provide me with conclusive evidence on that? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: If you consummated your marriage with a woman, the daughters of this woman from another man would be considered your stepdaughters. In this case, they are Mahrams for you. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says when identifying Mahrams from among women in Soorah Al-Nisaa’… read more here.

The first husband of the mother is a Mahram to her daughters from her second husband

Question 7: The questioner is from Riyadh. He says in his inquiry:A man got married to a woman and had a son. Then, this woman got married to another man and had two daughters. Are the two daughters Mahrams (permanently unmarriageable relatives) to the ex-husband of their mother who is the father of their maternal half-brother? Please answer my question. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If a man got married to a woman, consummated the marriage, then divorced her and she got married to another man, her daughters from the second husband are Mahrams for the ex-husband of their mother. Allaah (Glorified be He) says in pointing out the prohibitions in marriage in Soorah An-Nisaa’… read more here.

Impermissibility of marrying the daughter of a wife divorced after consummation of marriage

Question 6: Please advise us about a person who married the daughter of his divorcee, is this permissible?

Answer: It is not permissible for a man to marry the daughter of his divorced wife if he consummated his marriage with the mother, since she is considered his stepdaughter. Allaah prohibits men from marrying their stepdaughters. Allaah (Exalted be He) says when showing unmarriageable persons from among women… read more here.

Ruling on a man who married the daughter of the woman who breastfed him while she was married to a man before the father of his wife

Question 5: From `Abd-al-`Azeez ibn `Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz, to the honorable brother the inquirer, may Allaah guide him to every goodness. Aameen.

Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa baraakatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!) To proceed:

Our beloved brother! We have received your message dated 19/12/1388 A.H. May Allaah guide you to His Straight Path. You inquire about the ruling on a man who married a woman but he was breastfed by her mother while the latter was married to a man other than the father of the former. Your inquiry about the ruling on such an issue is known to us.

Answer: This marriage is null and void since the man referred to in the question is a brother to the woman he got married to since he had been breastfed from her mother. This prohibition is quite evident in the Qur’aan, Sunnah and Ijmaa` (consensus) of Muslim scholars provided that her mother had breastfed him five times while he was in the first two years… read more here.

Breastfeeding relationships are equal to blood relationships in rendering marriage unlawful

Question 4: A brother from Tunisia inquires: I am a 24 year-old man. When I wanted to propose to my paternal cousin, I was surprised by everybody to know that I am her paternal uncle by breastfeeding; as my elder sister was breastfed with my uncle -the girl’s father- and he breastfed with her as well, i.e., from my mother. Is it Shar`ee (Islaamically legal) permissible for me to marry her? I hope that you wouldpromptly answer me, for I am very confused about that. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: If it is proven that her father breastfed from your mother five times or more during the first two years of birth, you are to be considered as a brother to him through breastfeeding, and a paternal uncle to his daughter… read more here.

Ruling on marrying the daughter of one’s wife’s brother through breastfeeding

Question 3: A man wants to marry his wife’s foster niece. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: It is impermissible for him to do so unless he divorces his wife and she finishes her `Iddah (woman’s prescribed waiting period after divorce or widowhood), because it is impermissible to marry a woman and her paternal or maternal aunt at the same time… read more here.

Marrying a woman and her paternal or maternal aunt at the same time

Question 2: One of the readers from Makkah asks: Is it permissible for a person to marry his wife’s niece?

Answer: It is not permissible for one to marry his wife’s niece, whether on the maternal or paternal side, if he is still married to her aunt. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has prohibited marrying a woman and her maternal or paternal aunt at the same time… read more here.

Can a man divorce his wife to marry her sister while his divorcee is still in her ‘Iddah ?

Question 1: If a person divorces his wife and she is still in her `Iddah (woman’s prescribed waiting period after divorce or widowhood), is it permissible for him to marry her sister? If his wife dies, is it permissible to marry her sister shortly after? May Allaah benefit us and you!

Answer: If a person divorces his wife, it is not permissible for him to marry her sister or maternal or paternal aunt unless the `Iddah is over if the divorce is revocable as agreed by all Muslim scholars. If the divorce is revocable, then she is still his wife as long as the `Iddah is not over. But if it is irrevocable divorce, such as being the third divorce or Kul` (divorce initiated by a wife for a consideration), this is a controversial matter among scholars… read more here.

Some advice and a reminder to the patients in Bahnas Hospital in Lebanon

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to whoever this message may reach of Muslim brothers in Bahnas Hospital, may Allaah cure them of their heart and body diseases, endear to them the faith, and make disbelief, wickedness, and disobedience hateful to them; Aaameeen. May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you.

It is quite manifest that Allaah (Exalted be He) has created humans and the Jinn to worship Him Alone and to associate none with Him in His Divinity, to obey His Commands, and to avoid what He prohibited at every time and place. Therefore, He sent Messengers and Books to illustrate this great matter and call to it, as He (Exalted be He) says: And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). He (Exalted be He) also says: And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).” Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: (This is) a Book, the Verses whereof are perfected (in every sphere of knowledge), and then explained in detail from One (Allaah), Who is All-Wise, Well-Acquainted (with all things). (Saying) worship none but Allaah. Verily, I (Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) am unto you from Him a warner and a bringer of glad tidings. And (commanding you): “Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding Grace to every owner of grace (i.e. the one who helps and serves the needy and deserving, physically and with his wealth, and even with good words). But if you turn away, then I fear for you the torment of a Great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: And perform Al-Salaat (Iqaamat-al-Salaat), and give Zakaat and obey the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) that you may receive mercy (from Allaah). Moreover, He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

General advice to Muslims by Imaam Ibn Baaz

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to my fellow Muslims. May Allaah guide them and me to walk in the path of His believing servants and to hold fast to the truth and correct knowledge of religion, and may Allaah safeguard them and me from the path of those who earned His Anger, nor of those who went astray, Aaameeen!

al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you).

I render this advice and reminder to you as a duty ordained in the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) that reads: And remind (by preaching the Qur’aan, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), for verily, the reminding profits the believers. And in another Aayah in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Help you one another in Al-Birr and Al-Taqwaa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. Also, the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, Religion is sincerity (in advice, actions and so on).’ It was asked, ‘To whom, O Messenger of Allaah?’ He (peace be upon him) replied, ‘To Allaah, His Book, His Messenger, and the leaders of Muslims and their common people.’ 

According to another Hadeeth: ‘A faithful believer to a faithful believer is like the bricks of a wall, enforcing each other.’ While saying so, the Prophet (peace be upon him) clasped his hands, by interlacing his fingers. He (peace be upon him) is also reported in another Hadeeth to have said: The similitude of believers in regard to their mutual love, mercy, and compassion is that of the body; when any of its parts complains, the whole body calls upon one another (sharing) with (it) sleeplessness and fever. Everyone is familiar about the heedlessness and apathy that have befallen the Muslims toward the purpose for which they have been created, and the devotion of most of them to living this worldly life and enjoying its transient pleasures and spending all their time on its various paths and activities. They, on the other hand, have forgotten the Hereafter and preparing for it. As a consequence, this has led them to split, have differences, and suffer enmity and feud among themselves.

Furthermore, attitudes of loyalty and disassociation for Allaah’s Sake have come to be based on the transient interests of the worldly life, disregarding the Hereafter and the necessary provision for it… read more here.

General advice for Muslim rulers and peoples

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

I hereby advise my fellow Muslims everywhere, whether they are government officials, or common subjects, to fear Allaah (Exalted be He) in all matters, since it is the Advice of Allaah (Exalted be He) and of His Trustworthy Prophet (peace be upon him). Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: And verily, We have recommended to the people of the Scripture before you, and to you (O Muslims) that you (all) fear Allaah He (Exalted be He) also says, O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Aadam) The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to advise his Ummah during his sermons to fear Allaah. Taqwaa (fear or wariness of offending Allaah) is an all-inclusive term that sums up the elements of Islam, and ensures the protection of one’s interests in this worldly life and in the Hereafter. It embraces the entire religion. It implies righteousness, Eemaan (belief), Islaam, guidance, and uprightness. Allaah (Exalted be He) has named His Religion “Taqwaa”, since the one who adheres to and persists in it, Allaah will protect him from evil consequences in worldly life and in the Hereafter. The most important aspect of Taqwaa is sincerity in worshiping Allaah Alone, following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him), applying the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law), and being aware of all that contradicts it, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him) He (Exalted be He) also says…read more here.

General advice on some of the major sins

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to those who see it of my Muslim brothers, may Allaah grant me and them success in fulfilling what pleases Him, and keep us away from disobeying Him, Aaameeen!

al-salaamu `Alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). To proceed:

I advise every Muslim to have Taqwaa (fear or wariness of offending Allaah) in all circumstances and guard his tongue from saying anything other than that which is useful, because Mubaah (permissible) talk may lead to what is Haraam (prohibited) or Makrooh (disliked), and this is common among people. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those one will be questioned (by Allaah). The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said in the Hadeeth agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim and narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): Anyone who believes in Allaah and the Last Day should either utter good words or stay silent.

There are bad things that talking may lead people to commit and should be warned against, for they constitute major sins, which would bring down Allaah’s Anger and His Punishment. These things have become commonly widespread in some communities and they include the following:

1- Backbiting: That is talking about your brother or sister in a way that they would dislike, if they heard about it, whether by talking about their shape, family, character, actions, sayings or about their religion or life, or even talking ill about their clothes,home or car. Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘Do you know what backbiting is?’ His companions replied, ‘Allaah and His Messenger know best.’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘It is to say something about your brother that he would dislike.’ Someone asked, ‘But what if what I say about my brother is true?’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘If what you say about him is true, then you have backbitten him, but if it is not true, then you have slandered him.’ (Related by Muslim) read more here.

Islaamic ruling on those who renounce polygyny

In the Name of Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah.

I have reviewed the article published in Al-Yamaamah magazine, issue dated 18 Rabee` Awwal, 1385 A.H. entitled The problem of the week, and read the solution offered by Mr. Naasir ibn `Abdullaah for the problem of sister M. A. L. referred to in the issue of 11 Rabee` Awwal, 1385 A.H., under the title:

Take me to light

I also read the solution presented by Ibn Al-Sarah for the same problem. Thus, I discovered that what was written by Mr. Naasir was a good solution that conforms to the right and should be adopted by the sister facing this problem. She should adhere to good manners, noble character, and graceful patience, and thus, she would overcome all the difficulties and would see good consequences.

If she suffers harm and injustice at the hand of her husband, she should gently, amiably, and patiently ask him to set matters fairly. We wish she could realize her request and stay home with her husband, for this is nearest to justice In-Shaa’ Allaah (if Allaah wills).

Yet, if the harm is inflicted by her co-wife, then the husband should prevent this harm providing a separate place for the wronged wife with the necessary maintenance and finding a female companion for her if she cannot stay at home alone. The husband should also be objective, seek fairness, and keep away from all forms of harm; otherwise – and in case none of his relatives or friends could solve the problem – she has nothing left to do but to take the matter to court.

Before that, however, she should supplicate to Allaah (Exalted be He) and sincerely ask Him to relieve her of her distress, facilitate her affairs, and guide her husband and co-wife to what is right and fair… read more here.

Sharee`ah gathers between strictness and leniency, each in its proper place

Conclusion: The Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) advises leniency in its proper place and also advises strictness in its proper place. Thus, the Muslims should not ignore that or be lenient when should be strict or vice-versa. Besides, they should not claim that the Sharee`ah acknowledges leniency only or strictness only, for it is a wise code of law that is suitable for every place and time and is capable of reforming the whole Ummah (nation based on one creed). That is why it uses both leniency and strictness. It is marked for justice, wisdom, and tolerance. Hence, it is a tolerant Sharee`ah in its rulings and it does not burden anyone beyond his scope. It is also tolerant, because it begins by calling people with leniency, wisdom and clemency; but when this does not influence people and they overstep the limits and tyrannize, it powerfully and harshly restricts them and treats them in a way that deters them and that enlightens them about their wrongdoings.

Whoever meditates on the biography of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Rightly-guided Caliphs, his well-pleased Companions, and the succeeding Imams of guidance would perceive the correctness of what we are saying.

Texts that order leniency in its proper place

Among the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) revealed on leniency, Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And by the Mercy of Allaah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allaah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. 

Allaah (Exalted be He) says regarding the story of Moosaa (Moses) and Haaroon when He sent them to Pharaoh: “And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear (Allaah).”

Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: Invite (mankind, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islaam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’aan) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better.

Texts that order strictness in its proper place

On the other hand, the Aayaat quoted above also include reference to strictness… read more here.

Clarification on the perfection of Sharee`ah without any excess or deficiency

In the Name of Allaah, the All-Merciful, the Ever-Merciful

All praise be to Allaah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed:

I have perused the article published in Al-Bilad magazine, issue no. (1909), dated 12 Muharram, 1385 A.H. Entitled, “Beware of Immoderation”.

Unjustified Accusation

I found that the writer (may Allaah pardon him) thought ill of the volunteering people managing Da`wah (the call to the Way of Allaah), enjoining good and forbidding evil.

He accused them of being deceived, extremists, and opponents to new matters, and mistakenly hurled other accusations at them.

Thus, I deemed it necessary to point out, in this comment, the serious mistakes in the published article to advise the writer and the whole Ummah and defend our fellow brothers against accusations of which, we are quite sure, they are innocent. It also implies an attempt to urge the writer and other writers to make sure of what they say, observe moderation in judging (others), and guard themselves against baseless mistrust.

Here is a detailed elaboration on the mistakes committed by the writer in the article mentioned above. Such mistakes should be highlighted while the one who claims them should be condemned. Hence, seeking the Help of Allaah and depending on Him – as there is no might or power except with Him – we present the following argument:

Showing that Sharee`ah is perfectly moderate

As for what the writer mentioned about the disadvantages of immoderation and excessiveness, it is quite right... read more here.

Ruling on mocking at the Qur’aan and its followers

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

To proceed: I have reviewed the article that has been published in Al-Da`wah Magazine in its issue released on Monday, 27/1/1397 A.H., under the title “A local newspaper mocks at the Qur’aan and its followers.” This article includes the following: The above-mentioned newspaper, in its issue released in 7/4/1397 A.H., published an article that mocks at the Qur’aan and its followers, stating:

(Men believe that a woman is a different creature. According to them, she is imperfect in mind and religion. They also believe that men are in charge of women). End of the statement of Al-Da`wah Magazine.

I was astonished at this heinous article and was very surprised at publishing such a statement in the cradle of Islaam and in the hearing and sight of a Muslim country making Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) its judge and calling to it. I was very amazed at the boldness of those in charge of this newspaper because of their publishing of this article, which contains absolute disbelief, misguidance, mockery of the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him) and challenging them. However, this is not a new thing from those in charge of this newspaper, since it is known for its publishing of articles calling to immorality and atheism that cause great harm to the society. It is alsoknown for its grudge against Muslim scholars, insulting them and telling lies about them, because those in charge of this newspaper have no belief in Allaah to restrain them and no official prevents them from doing this. Therefore, it dared to commit this disbelief and misguidance in this article, which cannot be written or published by whoever believes in Allaah and the Last Day and cannot be written or published by whoever respects the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace be upon him)... read more here.

Ruling on the deceased children of the Mushriks

A questioner from Riyadh asks:
What is the ruling on a child who, being born to two disbelieving parents, dies before reaching the age of Takleef (meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for actions)? Is the child a Muslim in the Sight of Allaah, knowing that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Every child is born on Fitrah (divinely bestowed natural disposition of Islaam). ?

If the child is a Muslim, should the Muslims wash the dead body and perform the Funeral Prayer over the child? Please enlighten us. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: If a child of two disbelieving parents dies before reaching the age of Takleef, they fall under the same the rulings applied to them in the worldly life, and consequently, the corpse is not washed. Moreover, they are neither entitled to a Funeral Prayer nor to be buried in the Muslims’ graveyards. Yet, in the Hereafter, the judgment concerning them rests with Allaah (Glorified be He). It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him), when asked about the children of the Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), said: Allaah knows what sort of deeds they would have done. Some religious scholars viewed that the Knowledge of Allaah (Glorified be He) about them is manifested on the Day of Resurrection, and that they will be tested in the way of Ahl-ul-Fatrah (people having no access to Divine Messages)... read more here.

Refuting and criticizing an article published in “Al-Musawwir” magazine

All praise be to Allaah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family, his Companions, and those who follow his guidance.

“Al-Musawwir” magazine has published an article in its issue no. 2166 on Friday April 15, 1966 A.D./1385 A.H., page 15 under the title:

The imported principles by Ahmad Bahaa’ Al-Deen

He wrote: “News from Saudi Arabia declares that the vice president of the Islaamic University there published an article two months ago in all newspapers in which he deemed lawful to kill anyone who says that the earth is round or that the earth circulates around the sun and not the opposite. To announce such an opinion in 1966, seems bizarre, especially in the age of space. The holder of that opinion has only one merit counted for him; that this opinion seems to be reasonable in light of the thoughts and opinions spreading in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia nowadays. The rulers of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have nothing to worry about but the imported ideologies and ideas. They only call for Islaamic alliance under the pretext of guarding Muslims against the danger of the extrinsic ideas, while, for sure, they intend socialism. They do not bother themselves to study the concept of socialism or social equity; rather, they adamantly reject it on the grounds of being imported…and so on.” 

In reply to this, I say that this is a great lie. The article referred to by the author was published in all local newspaper in Ramadaan 1385 A.H. and read by all inside and outside the Kingdom. There is no mention in it of the earth’s roundness or that it is lawful to kill whoever holds this. The quotation I cited from the speech of the great scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) includes proof that the earth is round. Thus, how on earth could Ahmad Bahaa’ Al-Deen or those who have transmitted this news to him propagate such falsehood and attribute it to an article that was published and read by people everywhere, may Allaah be Glorified! I wonder how brazen-faced is that slanderer! However, there is no wonder that such a lie is being woven by advocates of atheism and destructive ideologies. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: It is only those who believe not in the Aayaat (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allaah, who fabricate falsehood, and it is they who are liars. It is also authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Three are the signs of a hypocrite: when they speak, they tell lies; when they promise, they break their promise; and when they are entrusted, they betray. I only deemed it lawful to kill whoever claims that the sun is static and refuses to repent of this after clarification. This is because denying the circulation of the sun constitutes a denial of Allaah (Glorified be He), His Great Book, and His Honorable Messenger. It is well established in the Deen (religion of Islaam) by way of decisive evidence and Ijmaa` (consensus) of scholars that whoever denies Allaah, His Messenger, or His Book is a Kaafir (disbeliever) and their blood and wealth become violable. It is the duty of the responsible authority to ask them to repent of this; either they repent or be executed. Thanks to Allaah that this issue is not debatable among scholars... read more here.

A general advice on the Day of Salaat-ul-Istisqaa’

All praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Words, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

Muslims in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will offer Salaat-ul-Istisqaa’ (Prayer for rain) on Monday 27 Shawwaal 1386 A.H., so I decided to draw the attention of my fellow Muslim brothers to some matters which every Muslim should consider. Muslims should bring themselves to account, strive against their souls to achieve prosperity and salvation, do what pleases Allaah, and protect themselves from anything that is harmful to their lives and the Hereafter. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: O you who believe! Fear Allaah and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what you do. And be not like those who forgot Allaah (i.e. became disobedient to Allaah), and He caused them to forget their ownselves, (let them to forget to do righteous deeds). Those are the Faasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah). In this Noble Aayah (Qur’aanic verse), Allaah orders the believers to fear Him and consider the deeds they have brought forth for the Day of Resurrection in order to hold fast to what benefits them and pleases Allaah (Exalted be He), and to beware of deeds which incur Allaah’s Wrath. This is the great benefit of contemplating the deeds which one has sent forth for the Day of Resurrection. Allaah (Glorified be He) has clarified that He is All-Aware of the deeds of His servants as no secret is hidden from Him, and that we must fear Him and reform our inner and outer deeds. He (Exalted be He) repeatedly orders them to have Taqwaa (fear or wariness of offending Allaah) as it is the only means to happiness and well-being... read more here.

Worries and doubts afflicting Eemaan

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets.

In its second edition, Al-Rayaa magazine published a message by the Islaamic Center in Geneva, including many inquiries starting with Eemaan (faith or belief), as many people are suffering from doubts and worries. Is it true? A reply came from brother Dr. Sa`eed Ramadaan, who said after praising Allaah: “It is well known that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) innately created all humankind with belief in Him as the Lord, God and Controller of their affairs to be feared, beseeched for help, and approached through various acts of worship. Allaah (Exalted be He) said: So set you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) your face towards the religion (of pure Islaamic Monotheism) Haneef (worship none but Allaah Alone). Allaah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allaah’s Islaamic Monotheism) with which He has created mankind. In an authentic Hadeeth, the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: Allaah states: I have created my servants naturally inclined to the Truth, but devils deceived them, led them astray from their religion, and commanded them to associate partners with Me for which I sent down no evidence.True Eemaan is to believe in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Last Day and divine decree in prosperity and adversity. This was the Prophet’s reply to Jibreel’s (Gabriel) question about Eemaan, which consists of more than seventy branches (i.e. parts), the highest of which is testifying that there is no god but Allaah and the lowest rank is removing harmful objects from the road. Eemaan also increases through obedience and decreases due to disobedience, as clearly pointed out in Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses), prophetic Hadeeths and the way followed by the Salaf (righteous predecessors). After this introduction and definition of Eemaan, we say that it is subject to worries and doubts for many reasons.

1- Ignorance about prerequisites and evidence of Eemaan.

2- Failure to apply what you know, and this gradually leads to weakness of Eemaan, until it totally vanishes and is replaced with doubts. This fact is supported by actual occurrences as well as Islaamic texts.

3- Being in an environment devoid of Eemaan, which feeds suspicion and doubt, thus leading to wavering Eemaan and weakness in the face of temptation and deviant impulses; especially if one is of little knowledge and does not have good companions who can help them remain steadfast. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Hasten to perform (good) deeds before trials which are as dark as night, where one can be a believer in the morning and a disbeliever at night, or a believer at night and a disbeliever in the morning, who barters Eemaan for the perishable goods of this life... read more here.

Ruling on swearing by other than Allaah

Question: Is it permissible to swear by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)?

Answer: It is not permissible to swear by any creature, including the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Ka`bah, honesty, or anything else according to the majority of scholars. Rather, some scholars reported a consensus that this is prohibited. An odd view, however, is reported about the permissibility of swearing by the Prophet (peace be upon him), which is a groundless opinion. In fact, it is an invalid view that contradicts the preceding consensus of scholars and authentic Hadeeths mentioned on this issue. Among these Hadeeths is the one related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim on the authority of Ameer Al-Mu’mineen (Commander of the Believers), `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Verily! Allaah forbids you to swear by your fathers. If one has to take an oath, they should swear by Allaah or else keep silent. It is also related in the Two Saheeh Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever swears, saying (by error) in their oath ‘By Al-Laat and Al-`Uzzaa,’ they should say, ‘Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah).’read more here.

The grave worshippers claim that they call dead only to bring them near to Allaah

Question: What about the questioner’s saying that such worshippers claimed that they worshipped them only to bring them near to Allaah, thus acknowledging their worship of them, while the latter (group) claimed that they did not worship them but only sought their blessings?

Answer: Consideration is given to facts and meaning and not to words. Thus, if they say that they do not worship them but rather seek their blessings, it would not avail them as long as they perform the practices of the Mushriks preceding them, even if they do not call it worship (as they call it seeking their intercession or blessings). Seeking other than Allaah and invoking the dead, the prophets, and the righteous, and offering sacrifices to them, prostrating to or calling for their help – are all acts of worship, even if they call it service or anything else, since what count are facts and not names, as explained above… read more here.

Are Qubooriyyoon (grave worshippers) Mushriks, although they only seek blessings through them?

Question: It is said that the early Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) admitted that they worshipped their gods only to bring them near to Allaah. They were in fact idol worshippers, so how can you declare those you call Qubooriyyoon (i.e.) grave worshippers, to be Mushriks although they do not worship idols or claim that the dead should be worshipped, but they only seek blessings through them?

Answer: Worship is not defined through people’s views but it is determined through Allaah’s Judgment (Glorified and Exalted be He). The early Mushriks are divided into different categories, such as those who worshipped idols, those who worshipped prophets, those who worshipped righteous people, those who worshipped trees, those who worshipped stones, and those who worshipped other things. Thus, they are not on an equal level. However, Allaah declared them all to be disbelievers until they enter His Religion and worship Him Alone. He (Exalted be He) says: Nor would he order you to take angels and Prophets for lords (gods). Would he order you to disbelieve after you have submitted to Allaah’s Will? (Tafseer al-Tabaree). Thus, He declared those who worship the prophets and angels disbelievers if they do not submit to what is right. Moreover, it is well known thatthe people of Al-Ta’eef worshipped Al-Laat, who was a righteous man. However, Allah declared them to be disbelievers until they entered Islaam. Likewise, the Christians would worship the Messiah (Jesus) and his mother, while he was a Prophet and his mother was a Siddeeqah [i.e. she believed in the Words of Allaah and His Books], and in turn they (Christians) were declared disbelievers. The same applies to the Jews who worshipped their rabbis and their monks and worshipped ‘Uzayr (Ezra) claiming that he was the son of the Lord, and in turn they became disbelievers… read more here.

Islaamic unity, Sufi groups, spread of Bid`ahs and misguidance, and the duties of Ahl-al-Sunnah towards them

Al-Tadamun Al-Islami Magazine had the honor of making interview with His Excellency, Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz, Chairman of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Iftaa’, Da`wah, and Guidance.

His Excellency, Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz was one of the scholars of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Islaamic Ummah (nation based on one creed). He is a remarkable authority in Islaamic education and one of the great figures of the Islaamic thought in this age. Moreover, he exerted great efforts in promulgating the pure Islaamic creed, removing the misconceptions, spreading the Islaamic Da`wah (Call) all over the world.

His Excellency kindly answered the questions of the reporter of Al-Tadamun Al-Islami Magazine about many issues that concern the Islamic Ummah.

Following is the account of this view:

The issue of Al-Quds and Afghanistan:

Talking about the impact of Islamic conferences and meetings headed by his Excellency on the Islaamic work, Islamic creed, and on particular the Islamic awakening, he said:

In the Name of Allaah, the All-Merciful, the Ever-Merciful. May the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon Allaah’s Messenger, and upon all his family and Companions.

We gather in these meetings with fellow Muslims working for the sake of Islaam and Islaamic scholars and intellectuals from all the countries of the world. Through these meetings, we wish welfare and prosperity for Muslims as such meetings are for the sake of Islaam and its followers.

Among the most important of these meetings is that of the members of the founding council of the Muslim World League, which is being held these days for the sake of discussing the issues concerning the Muslims and exerting every possible effort in an attempt to illustrate and bring about sound solutions, in the hope that they might benefit the Muslims and solve their problems.

The most important issue that concerns the Muslims is the issue of the Middle East. It is a chronic issue and the issue of Palestine and Al-Quds (Jerusalem). The late events of Lebanon took place at the hands of the enemies of Allaah from the Jews, and the struggle among the Lebanese themselves, made things even worse and aggravated the catastrophe.

The future is for the Mujaahids:

The founding council of the Muslim World League pays great attention to these two issues, about which they issued resolutions and recommendations that they deemed appropriate. I ask Allaah (Exalted be He) to benefit the Muslims through this.

Another issue that concerns the Muslims is that of the ongoing war between the Afghani Mujaahids (those fighting in the Cause of Allaah) and the hireling communist government in Kabul.

This Jihaad (fighting or striving in the Cause of Allah) undoubtedly concerns all the Muslims. Thanks to Allaah, the realities augur well and the victories of the Afghani Muslim Mujaahids are successive, since their lands were occupied and they were oppressed in their religion. Thus, we wish victory for them and ask Allaah to grant them good endings. All current good omens indicate that the future bodes well in favor of the Mujahids, and that Allaah will grant them victory over their enemy and return them successful, triumphant and high-mettled to their countries. It also indicates that Allaah will humiliate their hireling enemy and those who helped and assisted it… read more here.

Ruling on people whom the call of Islaam does not reach

Question: There are millions of people around the world whom the Da`wah (call to Islaam) does not reach. What is the religious ruling on them? Will their fate be Hellfire? If the answer is yes, what is their guilt if the Message of Islaam did not reach them? Will they enter Paradise? How could they enter into it while they did not perform the obligations imposed on them in this worldly life by their Lord? I hope you could explain this matter to me. May Allaah reward you the best!

Answer: The most preponderant opinion regarding this category of people is that they will be tested on the Day of Judgment; those who follow the command will enter Paradise, whereas those who disobey it will enter the Hellfire, as Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).

The eminent scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) expatiated upon this category in the last chapter of his book, Tareeq al-Hijratayn [The Way of the Two Hijrahs] within a discussion on the categories of the Mukallafs (people meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions). For more information, you can refer to it, since it includes a comprehensive answer to the question... read more here.

Impact of Da`wah on the spread of Islaam (The Merits of Da`wah)

All praise be to Allaah. We glorify Him and seek His Help and Forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evils of ourselves and the bad consequences of our deeds. Those whom Allaah guides, there is none that can lead them astray; and those whom Allaah leads astray, there is none that can guide them. I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah Alone without any partner. I also bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May peace and blessings be upon the Prophet of Allaah, his family, his Companions, whoever follows his way and whoever is guided by his guidance until the Day of Judgment.

I would like to thank the officials of the Muslim League for inviting me to participate in the cultural season of 1391 A.H.

I ask Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to benefit Muslims with this cultural season, give success to the efforts of the organizers, and reward them much. Allaah is the Best One to be asked.

The officials of the League suggested that I speak about the impact of Da`wah (calling others to Allaah) on the spread of Islaam. I accepted their suggestion; thus, the title of the lecture is “The Merits of Da`wah”.

This lecture has two parts; First: The merits of Da`wah. Second: The impact of Da`wah on the spread of Islaam... read more here.

General and important advice By Shaykh Ibn Baaz

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, and his family and Companions.

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to whoever reads this of the Muslims. May Allaah guide me and them to comprehension of religious knowledge and conduct me and them along His Straight Path.

May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!

This advice intends to draw attention to some abominable acts ignorantly committed by many people as a result of Satanic temptation and corruption of their minds and thoughts in submission to the whim of those who commit it.

Among these acts is that which I was informed about; that some people call others to worship them, alleging things that could delude the common people into the belief that they could dispose of the affairs of the universe or that they are qualified to be invoked in order to benefit or to harm. Such an act on the part of those aberrant people is an imitation Fir`awn (Pharaoh) and similar evil disbelievers, since Allaah Alone – and none else – deserves to be worshipped due to His Omnipotence, Prescience, and not being in need of any of His creatures. For worship of Allaah Alone is the purpose of sending Messengers and Books and for which Allaah created the jinn and mankind and legislated Jihaad (fighting or striving in the Cause of Allaah). Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).read more here.

Islaam in words, actions and beliefs

All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, our Prophet and Imaam, Muhammad, and upon his family and Companions.

In issue no. 1590, dated December 17, 1983, Al-Nadwaa Journal, the editor published an article titled “These Islaamic Pages.” In this article, he stated: “Almost all journals here and in most of the Islaamic countries persist in devoting some pages or columns to talks on Islaam every now and then. Well, why is that? Are not they Muslims who testify that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, even if in words only? Do they not heartily believe that they are Muslims and carry birth certificates and identity cards that say they are Muslims? (Surely, the answer is yes) even, the constitutions of almost all their countries state that their religion is Islaam. Why then do they talk much about Islaam? What is the objective of these journals or these pages? Do they call for Prayers? The mosques are full with praying persons who know well how to straighten the lines and who reply to the Imam ‘our lines are straightened’. Is it a call, for example, for Hajj? Indeed, most of the Muslims hasten to perform Hajj and Allaah is more aware of intentions. Is it a call for Zakaah (obligatory charity)? Indeed, many of them pay Zakaah, voluntarily or involuntarily. Verily, Islaam about which people talk much implies all these pillars. Yet, it implies them as rules upon which is based a whole system of life; life with all of its activities, values, and visions that clarify that Islaam in essence isa life system that is built on a special conception of life with all of its values. On this sound basis, all the systems of government, economy, education, morality, and international relations between the Muslim country and the rest of the world are established. Moreover, Da`wah to Islam must run according to this conception alone and – In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills) – we will try to make this page conform to such conception. Here, we invite the readers, when they write to us to take this conception into consideration and through this view.” All these are the words of the editor as published in Al-Nadwaa Journal… read more here.

Tafseer of the Aayah: “The Hand of Allaah is over their hands”

Tafseer of the Aayah: The Hand of Allaah is over their hands.

From `Abd-al-`Azeez Ibn `Abd-Allaah Ibn Baaz to the respected brother, al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). To proceed:

With reference to your Fatwaa’ request registered in the Department of Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ no. 3137 dated 11/7/1408 A.H., it reads: We attended a Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) seminar held in a Masjid (mosque) called Abu Al-Haytham ibn Al-Tayhan and located in Salibiayh district in Kuwait. The Shaykh interpreted the Saying of Allaah (whose meanings are translated as): The Hand of Allaah is over their hands. He said that this Aayah has more than one meaning. It can be Allaah’s Help given to them, Allaah’s Power with them, or Allaah’s Knowledge of their conditions and intentions. After the seminar finished, one brother told the Shaykh that his interpretation of this Aayah goes against `Aqeedah (creed) of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and complies with the views of Al-Asha`irah (a Muslim group that bases its creedal issues on logic). The Shaykh was annoyed and replied that Al-Mawaardee and Ibn Katheer mentioned this interpretation in their books. The man corrected him saying that Ibn Katheer did not state that, but it is Al-Mawaardee who advocated Asha`irah. The debate heated and people behaved aggressively labeling the man a Christian and Buddhist and they were about to beat him but some protected him. Allaah knows that this man wanted to explain the truth out of his jealousy for the Muslim `Aqeedah and the impermissibility of delaying the correction of an error beyond the proper time. The man suggested that the issue should be referred to you and they agreed. Would you please enlighten us. May Allaah reward you the best. Waiting for your reply.

Please be informed that our `Aqeedah is to affirm Allaah’s Attribute of having a Hand and the other attributes stated by Him in His Noble Book or by His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the purified Sunnah. However, this Hand is such as befits Allaah’s Majesty without Takyeef (descriptive designation of Allaah’s Attributes) or Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation) or Tahreef (distortion of the meaning) or Ta`teel (denial of Allaah’s Attributes). We believe that there is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. We do not deny any of His Attributes with which He described Himself. We do not remove the words from their correct places. We do not discuss the nature of His Attributes or liken His Attributes to those of His creation, because there is nothing that can be compared to Him, and He has no peer, equal or rival. Just as He (Glorified be He) has a true “Being” which is not similar to that of His creatures, He does not resemble any of His creatures in any of His Attributes. Confirming the Attributes of the Creator does not entail comparing them to those of the created. This is the doctrine of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) including the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) and their followers from the best three generations of Islaam and their successors to this day… read more here.