32- Description of the relationship between the mind and the soul

Question: Human beings have both minds and souls. Can the soul oppose or agree with the mind? Is there a relationship between both the soul and the mind? Or does each of them operate independently? 

Answer:  The mind and the soul are one entity. The mind thinks, considers and contemplates through the soul. If the soul departs the body, every other thing stops to be. While the soul is in the body, the mind thinks and distinguishes between good and evil, as the mind operates through the soul. Therefore, one can think, consider, plan, and decide as long as his soul resides in his body. When it is gone, one cannot think anymore… read more here.

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31- Aadam’s place of descent and burial

Question: Is it true that Aadam (peace be upon him) came down in Sri Lanka, which used to be called Serendib?

Answer: There is no basis for such claim, for the location where Aadam descended and the place where he was buried are unknown… read more here.

30- Wisdom behind differences in languages and colors

Question: Why are there different languages although all races have the same origin: Aadam and Hawwa?

Answer: Allaah (Glorified be He) knows best, He is the All-Wise, the All-Knowing. We do not know the wisdom behind having a variety of languages. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing. And: And Allaah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise. read more here.

29- No human being existed before Aadam

Question: Brother M. M. Y. from Al-Judeidah district, the Arab Republic of Yemen, asks: Some people claim that before Aadam there existed a primitive human species, but they then disappeared. Is this correct?

Answer: This claim is a groundless and meaningless superstition because no human being ever existed before Aadam (peace be upon him)… read more here.

28- The claim that man descended from apes is false (Darwinism)

Question: I have read a lot about the theory that humans evolved from an apelike ancestor. The theory proposes that humans went through several stages until they developed into the modern man. Is this true? Are the organs of apes similar to those of humans? Please advise us, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: This statement is false, unacceptable, and contradictory to the Book of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) as well as the Ijmaa` (consensus) of the Salaf (righteous predecessors). This theory which was introduced by Darwin is proven to be a lie, for modern humans originated from a human ancestry, not from an ape or anything else. Allaah created our father Adam (peace be upon him) from clay….read more here.

27- The difference between a “prophet” and a “messenger”

Question: What is the difference between a prophet and a messenger?

Answer: The well-known view of scholars is that a prophet is one to whom a system of law is revealed but was not commanded to convey it. He is ordered to pray and fast, etc., but not commanded to deliver what was revealed to him. If he is ordered to convey a message, then he is considered a prophet and a messenger; such as our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), Moosaa (Moses), `Eesaa (Jesus), Nooh (Noah), Hood, Saalih, etc. Other scholars held that a prophet is one sent with a code similar to that which was revealed to the prophet who preceded him, while a messenger is one sent with a new, different code, such as the prophets who were sent after Moosaa to teach the Tawraah (Torah)… read more here.

26- Definition of a “prophet” and a “messenger”

Question: What is the difference between a prophet and a messenger? Who was the first messenger? May Allaah reward you the best!

Answer: The well-known view of scholars is that a prophet is one to whom a system of law was revealed but was not commanded to convey it, while a messenger was one who was given Divine Law and commanded to convey it…. read more here.

25- The first messenger

Question: A questioner asks: Who was the first prophet: Idrees (Enoch) or Nooh (Noah, peace be upon them)?

Answer: Nooh was the first Prophet to be sent when Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) appeared among the people. Before him was Adam (peace be upon him) who was the first Prophet and Messenger and his descendants followed Islaam for ten centuries. Then, when Shirk appeared, Allaah sent Nooh to his people. Therefore, Nooh was the first Messenger sent to his people who had fallen into Shirk… read more here.

24- The number of prophets and messengers

Question: Is it true that some Muslims will enter Jannah (Paradise) without being called to account?

Answer: There is no Hadeeth Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth which indicates the number of prophets and messengers. It is narrated that the number of messengers is about 300 while the number of prophets is 124,000. Although this Hadeeth is Da`eef (weak), the number of prophets is more than the number of the messengers. A messenger is one to whom a system of law is revealed and who is commanded to convey it, whilst a prophet is one who receives revelation but is not commanded to convey it. Scholars believe that messengers were those sent to an Ummah (community) while a prophets were sent with the Sharee`ah (laws) of the messengers who came before them such as the prophets of the Children of Israel, who were sent after Moosaa (Moses). The correct view is that these two titles can be used interchangeably; a messenger is called a prophet; and a prophet is called messenger. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states, Never did We send a Messenger or a Prophet before you but when he did recite the revelation or narrated or spoke read more here.

23- Sincerity in dedicating one’s deeds to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)

Question: Is it true that some Muslims will enter Jannah (Paradise) without being called to account?

Answer: To act sincerely, a person must turn to Allaah (Exalted be He) and have an attentive heart. A person should perform all deeds such as Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Sadaqah (voluntary charity), Hajj (Major Pilgrimage), `Umrah (Minor Pilgrimage), and so on, seeking the Pleasure of Allaah, salvation from the Hellfire, and attainment of Allaah’s Mercy and Forgiveness. Sincerity is to seek the Pleasure of Allaah (Exalted be He), to draw close to Him, to hope for His Mercy, to have one’s deeds accepted, to be saved from Hellfire,and to be admitted to Jannah (Paradise), not for the purposes of Riyaa’ (showing-off) or enhancement of one’s reputation. A believer should perform deeds for the sake of Allaah (Exalted be He) in order to attain salvation in the Hereafter, to be saved from the Hellfire, and to be granted absolution…. read more here.

22- How to achieve Tawheed of Allaah

Question: How can Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah/Islaamic monotheism) be achieved?

Answer: A Muslim can achieve Tawheed by avoiding sins, all means and elements of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), and Bid`ah (innovation in Islaam)….read more here.

21- Muslims who will enter Jannah without being called to account

Question: Is it true that some Muslims will enter Jannah (Paradise) without being called to account?

Answer: Yes, it is true. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: “All the nations were shown to me, and I saw a prophet accompanied by a small group of his followers, another with two or three people of his followers and a third not accompanied by any follower.” At the end of the Hadeeth, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Among my Ummah there are seventy thousand who would enter Jannah without being brought to account or being punished.” When the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet Muhammad) asked who these people were, the Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “They are those who do not seek Ruqyah (recitation for healing or protection); they are those who do not get themselves cauterized; and they are those who do not believe in bad omens; rather, they put their trust in their Lord. read more here.

20- The wisdom of creating the universe

Question: It has become quite common knowledge that this world came into existence only for the sake of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and that had it not been for his sake, it would not have come into existence. I hope that our grand Shaykh will answer this question and mention related evidence. May Allaah reward you richly!

Answer: This claim is adopted by some common people who lack proper understanding of the purpose of life. Some people say that the world was created for the sake of Muhammad. They say that were it not for Muhammad (peace be upon him), neither the world nor the people living in it would have been created. This is a false and groundless claim which is based on corrupt understanding. Allaah (Exalted be He) created the world so that people would know Him, realize His existence and worship Him Alone (Glorified and Exalted be He). He created the world and human beings so that His Names and Attributes, His Graciousness and Knowledge would be known and so that He Alone would be obeyed and worshipped with no partner. He did not create this world for the sake of Muhammad, Nooh (Noah), Moosaa (Moses), `Eesaa (Jesus) or any other prophet. Rather, Allaah (Exalted be He) created the universe so that He Alone would be worshiped with no partner or associate….. read more here.

19- Categories of Tawheed of Allaah

Question: What are the categories of Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah/Islaamic monotheism)? Is the Muslim required to believe in all these categories? Is it enough for the Muslim to confess Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith)?

Answer: There are three categories of Tawheed which have been defined by means of induction. These categories include Tawheed-ul-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship), Tawheed-ul-Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship), and Tawheed-ul-Asmaa’ wal-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes). It is enough for the person to sincerely declare that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah (Exalted be He) and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). It is the duty of scholars to clarify these religious matters which on which people may be unenlightened. This is based on the fact that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) accepted those people who testified that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah and at the same time they put the words of faith into actual practice. They obeyed the laws of Islaam and declared the Oneness of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). People who declare Shahaadah are called Muslims because Shahaadah means to believe in Allaah as one’s Lord and Creator, and to believe that He Alone is worthy of worship, and to believe in His Names and Attributes. Therefore, to declare that there is no god but Allaah involves belief in the concept of Tawheed-ul-Ruboobiyyah and Tawheed-ul-Asmaa’ wal-Sifaat. Allaah (Glorified be He) is the True God Who is the Lord and Creator of all things. His Being, Names, Attributes and Actions are perfect…. read more here.

18- Faith resides firmly in the heart and is confirmed by deeds

Question: In order to become a Muslim, is it enough to say: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)”, or does it have to be proven by deeds?

Answer: The Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) is the greatest of all statements. It has to be articulated with the tongue and demonstrated practically. Mere articulation of the Shahadah is not sufficient for a person to be rightfully called a Muslim. Were it sufficient, the hypocrites would be considered Muslims; however, they are still considered Kaafirs (disbelievers) even though they articulate this statement. They will be flung into the depths of the Hellfire. We take refuge with Allaah from this. It is because they utter this statement without developing true faith. Therefore, this statement must be uttered with the tongue and at the same time the heart must firmly believe that there is no deity truly worthy of worship except Allaah. One must practically demonstrate the Shahaadah by fulfilling the duties prescribed by Allaah (Exalted be He) and avoiding what He has prohibited. These are essential requirements of Shahaadah. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: I have been commanded to fight against people (i.e disbelievers) until they bear witness that there is no god but Allaah. Should they utter it, their blood and property will become inviolable unless they commit a sin which is punishable under Islaam, and their reckoning rests with Allaah. In another Hadeeth, the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said… read more here.

17- Validity of Shahaadah is conditional upon performance of other pillars

Question: Is establishment of other pillars of Islaam a criterion for the validity of the pillar of Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith)?

Answer: Yes, it is. However, the ruling related to negligence or abandonment of these pillars varies. In certain cases, negligence of these pillars may render a person as being of weak Eemaan (faith). However, all scholars unanimously agree that a person will be considered a Kaafir (disbeliever) if he denies what Allaah (Exalted Be He) has made obligatory or declared as prohibited. Scholars have unanimously agreed that if a person denies the obligatory status of Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fasting), or Zakaah (obligatory charity), he will be considered a Kaafir. The same applies to denying the obligatory status of Hajj, the prohibition of Zinaa (adultery), wine-drinking, or the prohibition of showing disrespect to one’s parents… read more here.

16- The necessity of stating the Shahaadah when embracing Islaam

Question: How much effective is the enunciation of Shahaadah (testimony of faith)? May Allaah grant you success!

Answer: First of all, it is necessary for a person to declare the Shahaadah in order to be called a Muslim. A person will remain a Kaafir (disbeliever) until they declare the Shahaadah. However, the Shahaadah alone is not enough, as it is necessary to believe sincerely that the phrase ‘there is no god but Allaah’ means that no one ever has the right to be worshipped except Allaah (Exalted be He). If a person pronounces this phrase and yet associates other deities along with Allaah in worship, they will be behaving like hypocrites whose practice is no more than lip service. In such a case, their declaration of Shahaadah will avail them naught. Allaah (Glorified be He) states, Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them. Allaah (Exalted be He) also says, And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: “We believe in Allaah and the Last Day” while in fact they believe not. They (think to) deceive Allaah and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not! read more here.

15- Ruling on uttering the two Shahaadas before one’s death

Question: The questioner ‘Aboo Ahmad asks: “If one never performs Salaah (prayer) during his lifetime and is granted success to utter the two Shahaadas (Testimonies of Faith) before passing away, will they become a Muslim and be treated in the hereafter as a Muslim, and be resurrected with Muslims?”

Answer: If one utters it out of Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and embracement of Islaam, Allaah will pardon their previous sins. Shahaadah will be accepted if one utters it out of Tawbah, Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) and sincerity while they are acquainted with its meaning, rejecting Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and sins sincerely. This is the true Tawbah by which Allaah wipes out past sins. However, if one utters it as a habit, it will not benefit them if they die as Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). This means that they used to say it during their lifetime and before their death while insisting on worshipping graves, asking the dead for help and committing sins… read more here.

14- Pronouncing Shahaadah suffices to enter Islaam

Question: Does mere pronouncement of Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) suffice for a person to be rightfully called a Muslim, or does one have to do other things in order for their Islaam and Eemaan (faith) to be complete?

Answer: It is enough for a non-Muslim to pronounce the first pillar of Islaam, that is, to bear witness that Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no deity but Allaah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah to be rightfully called a Muslim provided that this testimony is pronounced out of one’s certainty, knowledge, true belief, and sincere work. A person will then be asked to perform Salaah (Prayer) and observe other acts of `Ibaadah (worship). When the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent Mu`aadh (may Allaah be pleased with him) to Yemen, he said: Invite them to bear witness that Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. If they do that, then inform them that Allaah has made it obligatory upon them to offer the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers. If they obey, then inform them that Allaah has made it obligatory upon them to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity) which is taken from the rich among them and distributed among the poor. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not ask Mu`aadh to command them to offer Salaah until their Tawheed (monotheism) and Eemaan in the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) were firmly established. First of all, they are required to declare the Oneness of Allaah and believe in Muhammad as the Messenger of Allaah. Once they embrace Islaam, the former Kaafir (disbeliever) will hold the same rulings applied to Muslims. Then they will be required to offer Salaah and perform all other religious acts. If they refrain from performing these acts, other rulings will be applicable to them... read more here.

13- Ruling on pronouncing the two Shahaadahs

Question: Does mere articulation of Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) protect render one’s blood and property inviolable? Is it sufficient to utter Shahaadah without knowing the meaning of it? Does uttering Shahaadah entail admitting the utterer into Jannah (Paradise) and save them from the Hellfire?

Answer: The phrase ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah, Muhammad rasool-Allaah (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah)’ constitutes the foundation of faith. One who utters these words will be rightfully called a Muslim whose blood may not be legally spilt and whose property may not be lawfully seized. One must be taught the meaning this phrase, and if one accepts its embodied truth and becomes an upright Muslim, it is a testimony of their honesty and truthfulness. However, the confession of Shahaadah is of no benefit if one continues to worship idols, trees, stones or dead people; or continues to ridicule and insult Islaam, or commits any other act that nullifies their belief in Islaam. They would then be considered Murtad (apostate). Therefore, one who enunciates Shahaadah is considered a Muslim unless they commit an act which renders them Murtad... read more here.

12- Explaining the meaning of the two Shahaadahs

Question: A listener from Riyadh asks: “What does it mean to testify that there is no deity but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah?”

Answer: Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) means to testify both verbally and inwardly that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah. A word uttered by the tongue, and one must also believe in one’s heart that there is no god but Allaah and none has the right to be worshiped except Allaah. It should also be believed that all other deities worshiped by people, including idols, the dead, trees, stones, angels or anything else are false deities. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated: That is because Allaah — He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Baatil (falsehood).

This is the actual meaning of testifying that there is no deity but Allaah. In conclusion, it is a faithful and strongly-substantiated testimony that none has the right to be worshiped but Allaah and that all deities worshiped by people are false read more here.

11- Illustration of the meaning of Al-Taaghoot

Question: What is the meaning of denying Al-Taaghoot (false deities)? May Allaah reward you best!

Answer: It means to declare oneself free from worshipping false deities and to believe that all deities worshipped along with Allaah are false. Allaah (Glorified be He) says, Whoever disbelieves in Taaghoot and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allaah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. The word Al-Taaghoot applies to all objects of worship taken as gods besides Allaah. Denying or disbelieving in Al-Taaghoot means to declare yourself free from worshipping idols, statutes, jinn or other false objects of worship. One must also believe that the true god is Allaah, alone without partner. Whoever does not believe in this will not rightfully be called a Muslim. Therefore, one must believe that only Allaah (Exalted be He) is worthy of worship and that worship of false deities, like jinn or idols, is null and void. As the word Al-Taaghoot (pl. Tawaagheet) refers to any object worshipped along with Allaah, it may refer to idols, trees, stones which are taken as objects of worship. However, the term cannot refer to the worship of Awliya’ (pious people), prophets, or angels. It is the devil from among jinn or mankind, which incites man to worship Awliya’, prophets or angels, which is referred to as Taaghoot. The Awliya’, prophets and angels do not bear the sin of being worshipped by people, because they would never allow others to worship them besides Allaah … read more here.

10- Acting upon the meaning of ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’

Question: What are the requirements of ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’?

Answer: This phrase is the greatest speech ever. It is the word of Tawheed (monotheism). A person cannot be called a Muslim unless they first pronounce this phrase and firmly believe in it. They must believe that there is no god worthy of worship except Allaah (Exalted be He). This was the first word which all the messengers preached to people: ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’.

Allaah (Exalted be He) says, And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) but We revealed to him (saying): La ilaaha illaa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allaah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).” He (Glorified be He) also says, And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).”

The first word to which our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) invited people was ‘there is no god but Allaah’, together with inviting them to believe that he was the Messenger of Allaah … read more here.

9- Conditions and meaning of “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”

Question: What are the conditions and meaning of “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”?

Answer: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no deity but Allaah)” is the second best statement next to the Qur’aan. It is most loved by Allaah (Exalted be He). It is the word of sincere faith and the first thing to which all the messengers and prophets of Allaah invited people. It was the first word to which Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) invited his people. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, “Say, ‘There is no deity but Allaah that you may prosper.'” It is also called the word of Tawheed (monotheism). It means that there is no true deity worthy of worship except Allaah (Exalted be He), as Allah says, That is because Allaah — He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Baatil (falsehood). This statement consists of an affirmation and a negation read more here.

8- The best books which explain `Aqeedah

Question: What are the best references on `Aqeedah (creed)?

Answer: The Glorious Qur’aan is the best and most authentic reference which clarifies sound `Aqeedah. As a divine book, it is considered the best and most truthful of all books regarding `Aqeedah. It contains the Names and Attributes of Allaah, and commands Muslims to worship Allaah alone and offer sincere devotion to Him (Glorified and Exalted be He). The next best two books are Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim. These two books are the most beneficial Hadeeth references which contain only the authentic Hadeeths reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). Accordingly, Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim are the two most authentic and beneficial books second only to the Qur’aan. Other authentic books of Hadeeth include the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) of ‘Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmidee, Al-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah, Al-Tabaraanee, Musnad (Hadeeth compilation) of Imaam Ahmad and Sunan Al-Daarimee.These are good and beneficial books. And though they may contain Da`eef (weak) Hadeeths, still great benefits are found in them. … read more here.

7- The most authentic books on `Aqeedah

Question: Please guide me to the most authentic book on correct Islaamic `Aqeedah (creed)! May Allaah grant you success!

Answer: The most authentic, noblest and greatest book dealing with the subject of `Aqeedah and other subjects is the Glorious Qur’aan. It contains the most truthful speech.No falsehood can approach it from before or behind it. It is a revelation from Allaah, the All-Wise, the Praiseworthy. I advise the inquirer and all Muslims to hold fast to the Qur’aan and to give it due attention by reciting it often, reflecting on its meanings and trying hard to memorize as many chapters of it as possible. It is the Greatest Book which Allaah has sent down to His servants so that they may memorize it, follow its teachings and act upon it. It contains plain truths and clear guidance. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states, Verily, this Qur’aan guides to that which is most just and right He (Glorified be He) also says, …it is an honourable well-fortified respected Book (because it is Allaah’s Speech, and He has protected it from corruption). Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it: (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allaah عز وجل). and: And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’aan) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allaah as Muslims). … read more here.

6- How to rectify the `Aqeedah of Muslims?

Question: How can Muslims rectify and preserve their Islaamic `Aqeedah (creed)?

Answer: `Aqeedah can be rectified and preserved by seeking good understanding of Deen (religion of Islaam) and by referring to scholars who are well-grounded in religious knowledge. The Muslim who seeks knowledge must ponder over the Aayahs (verses) of the Qur’aan and the words of the Hadeeths… read more here.

5- Ruling on the word ‘Aqeedah

Question: A questioner asks: Is it true that the word `Aqeedah (belief) is incorrect and baseless, and that it is better to use the term Eemaan (faith) instead?

Answer: This is incorrect. Scholars use the word `Aqeedah on matters related to one’s inner belief, those related to Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) as well as Allah’s Attributes. There is no harm to say that so and so, for example, follows the `Aqeedah of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). It is called `Aqeedah because it means firm belief that is not liable to any doubt,as people are hung up on itread more here.

4- True ‘Aqeedah is the foundation of religion and the basis of Islaam

Question: Brother S.A.M.L. from Abyssinia (Ethiopia), now living in the city of Jeddah, asks: In my country, Abyssinia I acquired some Islaamic knowledge. However, I do not know to what degree is it authentic, as I think I learned some Sufi misconceptions, which I realized only after coming here. Please, give me useful instructions in this regard, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Having sound beliefs is the topmost fundamental and basis of Islaam and faith. These principles represented a point of departure for all messengers of Allaah (peace be upon them), including our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), in calling their nations.Prophet Muhammad stayed in Makkah for thirteen years calling people to believe in the Oneness of Allaah, being devoted to Him and believing in His Names and Attributes, that He is the Lord of the worlds, the All-Knowing Creator and that He Alone is worthy of being worshipped. The Arabs knew that Allaah is the Lord of the worlds and that He is their Creator. However, they associated partners and other deities in worship with Him, including trees, stones, idols, humans (sons of Adam), jinn and other deities. Therefore, the Prophet (peace be upon him) taught them that Allaah Alone is worthy of being worshipped and that it was obligatory on them to devote worship to Him Alone. He said: My people, say “There is no god but Allaah” so that you may prosper. Yet, they denied his call and said, as is narrated by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Qur’aan: “Has he made the aalihah (gods) (all) into One Ilaah (God – Allaah). Verily, this is a curious thing!”

Accordingly, sound belief is the topmost principle and the fundamental pillar of Islaam. Thus, a seeker of knowledge must give special care to it until he gains clarity and becomes versed in it… read more here.

3- Outline of the ranks of Islaam

Question: A listener from Riyadh asks: Kindly, give us an outline of the ranks of religion, elaborating on the fundamentals of each rank. May Allaah reward you well!

Answer: There are three ranks: Islaam, Eemaan (Faith) and Ihsaan (perfection of Faith) as is indicated by the Prophet (peace be upon him). 

The first rank, i.e. Islaam, is general rank and it consists of five fundamentals, which are testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, performing Salaah (Prayer), paying Zakaah (obligatory charity), fasting Ramadan and performing Hajj to the House (Ka`bah). Included in this rank are all other worship acts enjoined by Allaah (Exalted be He).

The second rank, i.e. Eemaan, consists of six fundamentals, namely believing in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Last Day and Divine Decree, the sweet and the bitter thereof… read more here.

2- Meaning of testifying that “there is no god but Allaah”

Question: We ask Your Eminence to explain to us the meaning of the first pillar of Islaam, highlighting its requisites and how it can be implemented by people. What is the ruling on not knowing an aspect of this testimony?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) sent His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to humankind in general, Arabs and non-Arabs, humans and jinn, and males and females. He was to call them to believe in the Oneness of Allah, being devoted to Him and having faith in the Prophet (peace be upon him), in all that was revealed to him and in all messengers, angels, heavenly revealed books, the Last Day, Paradise, Hellfire, and Predestination, the sweet and the bitter thereof. One also has to believe that Allaah (Exalted be He) has predestined, known, enumerated, and recorded all things. Thus, anything that happens is predestined by Allaah (Exalted be He).He ordered people to testify that there is no god but Allaah. Actually, it is the first thing to which he called people and the first pillar of Islaam. However, most people refused to respond to and denied his call. Moreover, Quraysh said, as is narrated by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Qur’aan, “Has he made the aalihah (gods) (all) into One Ilaah (God – Allaah). Verily, this is a curious thing!” Thus, Allaah (Glorified be He) also says about them, Truly, when it was said to them: Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah “(none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah),” they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And (they) said: “Are we going to abandon our aalihah (gods) for the sake of a mad poet?” Actually, they refused the Islaamic call as they had for so long been worshipping idols and other deities besides Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

1- The Definition of Islaam

Question: Please, illustrate to me the meaning of Islaam!

Answer: Islaam means total submission to Allah (Exalted be He) through belief in His Oneness, and showing subservient and servile obedience to Him. This is the meaning of Islaam. The Arabic root word ‘As-lama’ means to show submission and surrender to someone and obey his commands. Accordingly, Islaam means surrender and submission to Allaah’s Will by means of believing in His Oneness, being devoted to Him, obeying His commandments and abandoning what He has prohibited. Such is Islaam, about which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Truly, the religion with Allaah is Islaam. Besides, a Muslims are thus called as they show complete submission to Allah and obey Him, abiding by His Commandments and refraining from what He has prohibited… read more here.