Etiquettes of reciting the Qur’aan

It is recommended for the person who recites the Qur’aan to observe the following etiquette:

First, a person should be in the most perfect condition when reciting the Book of Allaah, ritually pure and tidy out of respect for this Glorious Book. It is Mustahab (desirable) to be ritually pure while reciting the Qur’aan; however, it is permissible for those who are in a state of Hadath (ritual impurity that invalidates ablution) to recite the Qur’aan because the Prophet (peace be upon him) once got up (in the late part of the night), washed his face, and recited the last ten Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) of Aal `Imraan without performing Wudoo’ (ablution). `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) was sitting among men who were reciting the Qur’aan. He went to relieve himself and returned while reciting the Qur’aan. A man asked him: “O Ameer Al-Mu’mineen (Commander of the Believers), do you recite the Qur’aan while not having Wudoo’?” `Umar wondered: “Who gave you a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) denoting this? Was it Musaylimah?” (Related by Maalik  in Al-Muwatta’)… read more here.

Principles that should be observed when reciting and memorizing the Noble Qur’aan

Anyone who wishes to recite and memorize the Qur’aan should observe certain principles:

Firstly, sincere intention to dedicate this deed purely to Allaah and not to seek a quick, worldly goal. Allaah (Exalted be He) says:Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter, to them We shall pay in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution therein. They are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter but Fire, and vain are the deeds they did therein. And of no effect is that which they used to do.

And: Whosoever desires (by his deeds) the reward of the Hereafter, We give him increase in his reward, and whosoever desires the reward of this world (by his deeds), We give him thereof (what is decreed for him), and he has no portion in the Hereafter. And: Whoever desires the quick-passing (transitory enjoyment of this world), We readily grant him what We will for whom We like. Then, afterwards, We have appointed for him Hell; he will burn therein disgraced and rejected (- far away from Allaah’s Mercy).

In Saheeh Muslim, ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

The amount of the Qur’aan that one should memorize

It is Islaamically legal for every Muslim to memorize the Qur’aan. The obligatory amount to be memorized is as much as is necessary to make the performance of acts of worship valid… read more here.

Virtue of memorizing the Qur’aan

Undoubtedly, memorization of the Qur’aan is one of the highest goals to be sought because of the great reward it brings. An eminent description of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) in the previously revealed Books is having their Book committed to their heart. Allaah (Glorified be He) describes them the same way in His Book; that the Qur’aan is preserved in the hearts of believers. Allaah (Glorified be He) says: Neither did you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) read any book before it (this Qur’aan), nor did you write any book (whatsoever) with your right hand. In that case, indeed, the followers of falsehood might have doubted. Nay, but they, the clear Ayaat [i.e. the description and the qualities of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم written in the Tawraat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] are preserved in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge (among the people of the Scriptures). And none but the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers) deny Our Aayaat (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.).read more here.

The status of the People of the Qur’aan in the hereafter

The People of the Qur’aan have superiority in this world and the hereafter. They are those deserving of honor and dignity. `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Indeed, by this Book, Allaah would elevate some peoples and degrade others. (Related by Muslim)

Abu Mas`ood Al-Ansaree Al-Badree (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: The one who is most versed in the Book of Allaah should act as Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) for the people. (Related by Muslim) Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father) said: “Those who have knowledge of the Qur’aan had the privilege of joining the council of `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him), and he used to consult them whether they were old or young people.” ‘Aboo Moosaa Al-Ash`aree (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Virtues of reciting the Qur’aan

Reciting the Book of Allaah bestows a great reward and sublime virtue. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Verily, those who recite the Book of Allaah (this Qur’aan), and perform As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah), and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, they hope for a (sure) trade-gain that will never perish. That He may pay them their wages in full, and give them (even) more, out of His Grace. Verily He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds and to recompense).

Ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Some aspects of the inimitability of the Qur’aan

The Noble Qur’aan is inimitable in its words and rhetoric: And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur’aan) to Our slave (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), then produce a Soorah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allaah, if you are truthful.

It is inimitable in the easiness of its understanding and recitation: And We have indeed made the Qur’aan easy to understand and remember; then is there anyonee who will remember (or receive admonition)?

It is inimitable in the narratives of past nations it relates to derive lessons: We relate unto you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) the best of stories through Our Revelations unto you, of this Qur’aan. And before this (i.e. before the coming of Divine Revelation to you), you were among those who knew nothing about it (the Qur’aan). Allaah (Glorified be He) also says:Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur’aan) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of (Allaah’s existing Books) which were before it [i.e. the Tawraat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and other Scriptures of Allaah] and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who more here.

Meaning of the name “Qur’aan” (قرآن)

In this treatise, we would like to shed light on some signs and reminders of the topic at hand, hoping Allaah makes it beneficial to us, brother and sisters reciters, or anyone whom these words may reach. Indeed, Allaah is the All-Hearer and Responsive.

After seeking the help of Allaah, I say, the name “قرآن” (Qur’aan) is derived from “قرأ قرآن” (Qara’a Qur’aan – to recite the Qur’an). Allaah (Exalted be He) says: إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُ وَقُرْآنَهُ [It is for Us to collect it and to give you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) the ability to recite it (the Qur’aan)]. فَإِذَا قَرَأْنَاهُ فَاتَّبِعْ قُرْآنَهُ [And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم through Jibreel (Gabriel)], then follow its (the Qur’aan’s) recital]. Then it is for Us (Allaah) to make it clear (to you). In Arabic, the recited words themselves are called “قرآن”, as in the Saying of Allaah (Exalted be He): فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْآنَ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ  [So when you want to recite the Qur’aan, seek refuge with Allaah from Shaytaan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one)]. The Qur’aan is real Words of Allaah (Exalted be He); its wordings and meanings are from Allaah, which He (Exalted be He) sent down as revelation to His servant, Muhammad ibn `Abdullaah… read more here.

Introduction: by His Eminence, the Muftee

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

All praise and thanks be to Allaah Who sent down to His Servant Muhammad the Qur’aan and has not placed therein any deviance. He made it straight to warn of severe punishment from Him and to give good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will receive a good reward in which they shall abide forever. And to warn those who say: “Allaah has begotten a son.” Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion of right and wrong to His Servant Muhammad so that he may be a warner to the world. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad who was sent with guidance and mercy as a bearer of glad tidings and a warner and one who invites others to Allaah by His Leave, and a lamp spreading light. May peace and blessings be upon him, his family, his Companions, and those who follow their path until the Day of Recompense.

To proceed:

Allaah (Glorified be He) conferred a favor upon His creation, especially the believers, by sending to them His Honorable Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and sending down to them the best and last of His Books; that is trustworthy, sublime, and a witness over the previously revealed Books. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states: Indeed Allaah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) from among themselves, reciting unto them His Verses (the Qur’aan), and purifying them (from sins by their following him), and instructing them (in) the Book (the Qur’aan) and Al-Hikmah [the wisdom and the Sunnah of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم (i.e. his legal ways, statements, acts of worship)], while before that they had been in manifest error.

It is reported by Muslim in his Saheeh on the authority of ‘Iyad ibn Himar Al-Mujaashi` that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said in a Khutbah (sermon)… read more here.