The trial of Al-Dajjaal

Question: We heard about the story of Fitnah (trial) of Al-Maseeh-ul-Dajjaal (the Antichrist), that he will command the sky to rain and the earth to produce and bring out its treasures, and kill a man and revive him again. Our teachers say that what Al-Dajjaal will do will not be real, they will be illusions by which he will delude people. Appreciate your guidance may Allaah guide you!

Answer: It is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that Al-Maseeh Al-Dajjaal will appear at the end of time and will command the sky to rain, so it will, and command the earth to bring forth vegetation, so it will. He will kill a Mu’min (believer) and order him to come back to life, so he will… read more here.

Who is Al-Mahdee?

Question: Who is Al-Mahdee and what are the Signs of the Hour?

Answer: Al-Mahdee is a man from Ahl-ul-Bayt (members of the Prophet’s extended Muslim family), who will appear before the descent of `Eesaa (Jesus, peace be upon him) to call to Islaam… read more here.

The coming out of Al-Mahdee

Question: I would like to know the validity of the existence of Al-Mahdee who will appear on earth. Are there any authentic Ahaadeeth about him? May Allaah reward you!

Answer: There are many Ahaadeeth that indicates the emergence of Al-Mahdee. They were reported in many chains of transmission… read more here.

Reports about the Awaited Al-Mahdee and the descending of `Eesaa

Question: What is reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) regarding the appearance of the Awaited Mahdee and the descent of `Eesaa (Jesus, peace be upon him)?

Answer: As for Al-Mahdee, many Ahaadeeth were reported which indicate that he will preside over this Ummah (community). You should refer to the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) of ‘Aboo Daawood and Ibn Maajah, and other books of Sunnah, as these Ahaadeeth are mentioned there… read more here.

What is the most authentic book that deals with the signs of the Day of Judgment and the battles?

Question: What is the most authentic book that deals with the signs of the Day of Judgment and the battles?

Answer: The most authentic books in this regard that come after the Qur’aan are: Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, Saheeh Muslim, Sunan Aboo Daawood, Sunan Al-Nasaa’ee, Jaami` Al-Tirmithee, and Sunan Ibn Maajah… read more here.

If the sun rises in the west, the Eemaan of he who did not believe before will not be accepted

Question: Will the sun rise from the west and at the time repentance of a disobedient person will not be accepted or the belief of a disbeliever as the gate of repentance will be closed?

Answer: Yes… read more here.

Is it from the virtues of this Ummah that they will testify against all nations on the Day of Judgment?

Question: Is it from the virtues of this Ummah (nation) that they will testify against all nations on the Day of Judgment?

Answer: Yes… read more here.

Mentioning some of the signs of the Hour

Question: Would you please explain the Signs of the Hour and tell us how we can protect ourselves from them and what we should do if we witness these Fitnahs (Trials)? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: There are many Signs of the Hour, and some of them are included in the answer that the Prophet (peace be upon him) gave to Jibreel (Gabriel, peace be upon him) when he asked him about the Signs of the Hour: “When a slave gives birth to her master. When the black camel herders compete in (the construction of) tall buildings.” The signs also include… read more here.

What should be done during the time of Fitan?

Question: Is this the time meant by the Hadeeth of the Prophet in which one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) asked the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “What should I do when Fitnah (trial) and division increase?” and he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) replied, “Detach yourself from the people, and sit in your house”? In the “Saheeh (Book of Authentic Hadeeth)”, in “Kitaab Al-Fitan (Book on Trials)”, under: “What will happen if there is no Caliph”, there is a Hadeeth that says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told the people to detach themselves from others when calamities strike, and he said, “Even if you have to bite (i.e. eat) tree roots.” Please explain this Hadeeth and the scholars’ opinions on it.

Answer: In the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and elsewhere, with the following wording from Al-Bukhaaree, it is reported on the authority of ‘Aboo Idrees Al-Khawlaanee that he heard Huthayfah ibn Al-Yammaan say… read more here.

The Fitnah intended by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when pointing to the east

Question: What is the meaning of the word “Fitnah” which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) mentioned in the following Hadeeth: It is reported that `Abd Allaah ibn `Umar heard Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) turning his face towards the east and saying: Behold, Fitnah will appear from this side where the horns of Satan will appear.?

Answer: The meaning of the word “Fitnah” here is Kufr (disbelief). It is reported in the narration of Muslim, on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that Allaah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The summit of Fitnah (disbelief) is towards the east. He said, “The words ‘The summit of disbelief’ mean that the worst form of Kufr (disbelief) will appear in the east.”… read more here.

The day when Muslims will gain victory over the Jews

Question: Is the Hadeeth that says: “There will come a day when Muslims will gain victory over the Jews, and then a stone behind which a Jew may hide, will speak and call the believer to go and kill the Jew hiding behind it” authentic?

Answer: It was reported that Ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saying: ‘You (i.e. Muslims) will fight against the Jews and you will gain victory over them. The stones will (betray them) saying: ‘O ‘Abd Allaah (i.e. slave of Allaah)! There is a Jew hiding behind me; so kill him.’ This Hadeeth was reported by Al-Bukhaaree… read more here.

The meaning of ‘Mudillat Al-Fitan’

Question: What is the meaning of Mudillat Al-Fitan (deluding trials), and what is the meaning of the statement ‘this Fitnah (Trial) is from Allaah to His servant’? 

Answer: First, Mudillat Al-Fitan signifies the trials which may befall a person and cause him to deviate from Al-Siraat-ul-Mustaqeem (the Straight Path). Examples of these Fitnah include doubtful matters that mislead and turn the person away from the truth; evil callers who mix truth with falsehood and attract the attention of weak-willed persons through their eloquence; and illness or poverty about which the person feels despondent and impatient, making him discontent with the Divine Decree… read more here.

The return of the soul in the Worldly life

Question: I would like to tell Your Eminence that I have read the book entitled Al-Qawl Al-Jalyee fee Hukm Al-Tawassul bil-Nabee wa Al-Walee by the Salafee Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Salaam Khadir. This book was corrected, and some comments were added to it by Shaykh Ismaa`eel Al-Ansaree, and it was printed by the press of Presidency of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Ifta’, Da`wah and Guidance in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 

On the twelfth page I found the following narration: What is reported by Ibn Abul-Dunya with his Sanad on the authority of Thaabit on the authority of Anas who said: We visited a man from Al-Ansaar, and he was sick and unable to move, so we did not leave till he died, we covered his body with some of his clothes. He then said: I unveiled his face, and we did not leave until we ate with him.

Kindly, what is your opinion regarding this? Is it possible to return the soul by seeking the help of one of the `Awliyaa’? I hope you explain this issue in the light of texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, may Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) guide and bless you and us with good, and make the Hereafter better for you than this worldly life.

Answer: Firstly, this story is utterly baseless, for which we know not any evidence. Supposing that it is valid, it could be said that the act of death that happened was not real as far as these people… read more here.

A paper containing four Aayaat of the Qur’aan

Question: I received a message from a unanimous person on my Saudi mobile phone number in Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah. You will find it attached with my letter. As you see, this message includes four Aayaat of the Qur’an, the Book that falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it, and this has been mentioned in the introduction. The sender clarifies various, great and fantastical benefits that will be achieved for whoever prints and distributes the message within four days. He has quoted examples of welfare achieved by the people who have printed the message and other examples of distresses inflicted on others who have neglected it.

I know that we should maintain the Noble Qur’aan and act according to it anyhow, but what worries me is the method by which the sender has sent this message, illustrating the tremendous welfare that will be earned for whoever distributes the message, and the great evil that will befall whoever neglects it. I know that good and evil are in the Hand of Allaah (i.e. by His Will), and that nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allaah has ordained for us. I also remember something happened several years ago when people distributed a similar message claiming it was from Shaykh Ahmad, one of the guards of the Masjid (mosque) of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). At the time, Your Eminence explained the truth in newspapers and clarified the ruling on this issue. This is why I am sending this letter to Your Eminence, hoping that you will inform me of the ruling. May Allaah reward you the best of rewards on behalf of Islaam and Muslims!

Answer: Identifying the immediate or deferred reward or punishment of writing or reciting Aayaat of the Qur’aan is of the matters in which knowledge is entitled to Allaah Alone, as it is among the secrets of the unseen that Allaah has taken unto Himself… read more here.

The Bid`ah of the so-called Shaykh Ahmad

Question: We always receive anonymous letters urging us to pay Sadaqah (voluntary charity) as the end of the world is imminent. I wonder: Is the payment of Sadaqah the only thing that protects us from the punishment in the Hereafter; or can it delay the Resurrection Day? Recently, we have received an unsealed letter written in French, from the Republic of Senegal with no sign indicating its issuing authority. In this letter it is written that the Imaam of Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Shaykh Ahmad, sawthe Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in a dream after reciting the Noble Qur’aan on Friday morning in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque). He claims that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told him that six thousand people had died that week and none of them entered Jannah (Paradise). This is because the rich do not pay Zakaah or Sadaqah to those who deserve it; women do not obey their husbands and children are not dutiful to their parents; Muslims do not mention Allaah often nor do they perform Hajj. The Prophet also, allegedly, added that the Hour has approached, gates of forgiveness are closed, and the world has come to an end; therefore it is strongly recommended that we regularly fast on Mondays for one month and recite the Qur’aan for it will eventually disappear. The sign of its disappearance is the appearance of a star different from the other stars and that the sun will stay in the middle of the sky. The letter further recommends whoever reads it to pass the message on to others. As a reward, Allaah will provide them from sources they can never imagine. If the person is in debt, Allaah will make it easy for him to repay it and on the Day of Judgment he will be in Jannah (Paradise) with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It also promises whoever passes this message on with peace of mind and fearlessness of death, if they are truthful. The letter also stresses that Jannah cannot be attained without effort, labor and obedience to Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It warns whoever does not pass on this message against a life of poverty and indebtedness, their dying as hypocrites and being close to the people of the Hellfire. We believe that entering Jannah and our worldly provision are due to Allaah’s (Exalted be He) Bounty and Mercy. We believe that He may punish us in this worldly life and the Hereafter by His Justice. It is not due to our beauty, wealth or children that Allaah provides for us and shows us mercy. It is rather through our fear of Allaah that induces obedience to Him and urges us to recite the Qur’aan. Comprehending the meanings of the Qur’aan is what makes us hope for Allaah’s Mercy in this worldly life and the Hereafter. Allaah says, O you who believe! Endure and be more patient (than your enemy), and guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and fear Allaah, so that you may be successful. He also says: This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion.

Materials of this nature could divert willing non-Muslims from embracing Islaam, not to mention our inappropriate attitudes towards them which contradict Islaamic humane teachings. At present, some Muslim countries lack the application of the true spirit of Islam, which non-Islaamic countries unknowingly apply.

Answer: There is no Imaam in Al-Madeenah called Shaykh Ahmad. It is a principality and there is a government that runs all its administrative affairs. The current Imaam of Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee is Shaykh `Abd Al-`Azeez ibn Saalih We do not know any Imam of Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee called Shaykh Ahmad… read more here.

The circulated papers concerning the servant of the Prophet’s room (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)

Question: The questioner said that they had received a paper which said that Shaykh Ahmad, the servant of the Prophet’s room, saw the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in a dream. He said that he told him about the increase of corruption in the world and that every Friday, 160,000 people from the Ummah (Muslim nation) die, who are following something other than Islaam. He also told him about some of the signs of the Hour, which is near, and asked him to give this advice to people. He said that those who believed this message and made an effort to spread it would be granted many favors, and threatened those who denied, hid, or did not tell people what he saw in his Ru’yaa (true dream).

Answer: It is possible for a Muslim to see the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in a dream in the form and shape that Allaah created him. This would be a true Ru’yaa, because Satan cannot imitate him, according to what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on carrying a corpse while reciting the verses of Al-Burdah

Question: What is the ruling in a funeral on carrying a bier and reciting the Al-Burdah poem, written by Al-Busyree, and eating food prepared by the bereaved family?

Answer: Reciting the Al-Burdah poem or anything else, whether it is from the Qur’aan or Nashid (Islamic songs), during a funeral procession is Bid`ah (a rejected innovation in religion). This is forbidden, due to the narration in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Playing with snakes, performing sorcery and selling amulets

Question: I am a Muslim, as are my parents and grandparents. I believe in Islaam in my heart, have Eemaan (Faith), do good deeds, and behave in accordance with the teachings of Islaam, except that which I have no knowledge of. I have two Muslim friends; one of them follows the Al-`Uloowiyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order), which is named after Shaykh Ibn `Ulwah Al-Mustaghnee. He established a number of Sufi Zawiya (lodges) that are all called Masjid Al-Zuhd. I have other friends following the Hamdawah Tareeqah, and they play with fire and practice magic. Other friends of mine follow the `Issawah Tareeqah and they tame snakes, practice magic, and sell amulets to protect the people from snakes and from being harmed by the Jinn (creatures created from fire), etc. Another one of my brothers is a fighter in the National Liberation Front and another has joined the Muslim Scouts. Which of these Tariqahs is the most correct? Will the followers of these paths be rewarded or called to account due to their practices, and what is the evidence for that? Please guide me to the truth, as I cannot decide which path is correct and which is wrong, maybe because I am not well-versed in Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Is there any good in these superstitions; if they are really superstitions?

Answer: The sound path is the path of Islaam, which was revealed in the Qur’aan and clarified by the Messenger of Allaah, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). This way necessitates belief in Allaah, His Angels, Books, Messengers, the Last Day, and the Divine Decree, whether good or bad, sweet or bitter. It also entails a declaration of the Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith), testifying to Tawheed (the Oneness of Allaah) and to the Message of Allaah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to all the people, establishing Salaah (Prayer), paying Zakaah (obligatory charity), Sawm (Fasting) in Ramadaan, and performing Hajj to the Ka`bah (in Makkah). Islaam requires enjoining what is good, forbidding what is evil, striving to support Islaam, being patient on experiencing hardship while protecting and spreading it, adhering to the Muslim mainstream, loving and hating for the Sake of Allaah, and other teachings revealed through the Qur’aan and the Sunnah… read more here.

The beliefs of some grave worshippers

Question: I was told that in Algeria, there are people known for their holding graves in veneration. They adopt false beliefs with regard to graves like performing Tawaf (circumambulation) around them three times in their cars thinking this will avert any harm from the passengers. Also, a man among them recites an invocation on the stone placed under the dead person’s head saying, ‘You so-and-so when asked the following questions…’ – then, he mentions the questions and adds, ‘If asked these questions, answer them in the following manner and do not lose answer lest you should be one of the losers. If you answer, I guarantee Paradise for you and you will be rightly guided etc.

What is the ruling on these deeds? Is it permissible to pray behind them or deal with them when necessary?

Answer: Their deeds which you have mentioned are Bid`ahs (innovations in religion)and their circumambulating the grave is an abominable act and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Where is the grave of Al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him)?

Question: The Egyptians claim that the head of Al-Husayn is buried in Egypt, and the Iraqi’s have a Masjid (mosque) that they call Al-Mashhad Al-Husaynee. I do not know how true that is. Where is the grave of Al-Husayn, according to the preponderant opinion?

Answer: Al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him) was killed in Iraq in Muharram, 61 A.H. And his body was buried in Iraq… read more here.

Saying: “`Alee (may Allaah honor his face)”

Question: What is the degree of authenticity of the people’s saying: ” `Alee, may Allaah honor his face”?

Answer: There is no basis (i.e. from the Book or Sunnah) for specifying this saying to `Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him). Rather, it is of the excessive reverence of Shiites for him… read more here.

He who says 200 times: “Verily, (Allaah) is Able to bring him back”, will find his lost object

Question: If someone loses something and says: Verily, (Allaah) is Able to bring him back (to life)! 200 times, will what was lost be returned or not?

Answer: This is not confirmed in the Book of Allaah or the Saheeh (authentic) Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and it is not an ordinary reason for lost items to be returned; instead it is using the Qur’aan for something other than what was revealed for… read more here.

Banquets offered for the sake of Awliyaa’

Question: What is the ruling on banquets held annually in the honor of Awliyaa’ (pious people)? In our country, there are banquets for which people pay a lot of money, and naive people believe that this is obligatory for them.

Answer: It is not permissible to make banquets in the name of Awliyaa’, because this is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam) will have it rejected. Similarly, it is not permissible for Muslims to attend such banquets as it is a kind of cooperation in sin and transgression… read more here.

Putting one’s belongings on the graves of righteous persons out of fear of losing them

Question: Some people leave their trusts and possessions by the graves of pious people, thinking that the dead will guard them and that they will not be stolen, rifled, or taken.

Answer: Believing that the dead can guard what is put by their graves is open Kufr (disbelief) and also involves Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) that merits, for those who die while still doing this, eternity in the Fire… read more here.

Seeking cure through the water of a well called Ayyoob’s Well

Question: A shaykh told me that one of the shuyookh who had passed away appeared to his father and to another man in a Ru’yaa (true dream), and told his father to build a shrine for him. So he did, and his dead body was found intact and unaltered. It is known that these shrines are frequented by people, and this might lead them to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) as stated by Ibn Taymiyyah. 

People circumambulate these shrines and supplicate to Allaah through them. Some Sufis told me that if a shaykh dies without performing a Karaamah (an extraordinary event caused by Allaah for or through a pious person), he appears to one of the leaders in a Ru’yaa and orders him to build a shrine for him. This is impermissible in Sharee`ah according to the opinion of the Salaf (righteous predecessors). Is the one that appears in the Ru’yaa the shaykh or Satan? Can we believe in this and carry out this order?

Answer: This story is not true. The place where Ayyoob washed his body is unknown… read more here.

Seeking cure through the water of a well called Ayyoob’s Well

Question: In Egypt, there is a spring in Sinai said to be the same spring at which Allaah enjoined Prophet Ayyoob to strike the ground with his foot when he was afflicted with a disease then Allaah (Exalted be He) cured him. A woman in our neighborhood was afflicted with a disease and wanted to go to the spring to strike the ground with her foot just as Ayyoob, Allaah’s Prophet, (peace be upon him) did. Is it permissible for her to wash with the water of this spring to be cured? Or would it be Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and Isti`aanah (Seeking help) from things other than Allaah?

Answer: This story is not true. The place where Ayyoob washed his body is unknown… read more here.

Performing Salaah behind an Imaam who keeps committing Bid`ah

Question: Is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind an Imaam who makes amulets for others? Also, in times of drought, he tells people to buy a ram or a cow and slaughter it for the children to eat to make the rain fall. Is it permissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who makes vows and slaughters animals for the sake of other than Allaah (Exalted be He)?

Answer: Firstly, It is permissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who makes amulets containing Aayaat from the Qur’aan and lawful supplications. However, they should not write them, because it is not permissible to wear them; if the amulets contain matters of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Removing shoes during greetings, for example, Scholars of Islaam; based upon Soorah Taa-Haa: “So take off your shoes”

Question: What is the ruling on taking off shoes upon greeting anyone, for some scholars see that this is permissible citing Allaah’s saying in Soorah Taa-Haa: So take off your shoes Is this true?

Answer: It is not permissible to take off shoes upon greeting as far as texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah are concerned… read more here.

Do the pigeons of Makkah and Madeenah have a special privilege?

Question: I heard a pilgrim saying that when any pigeon of Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah is about to die, it flies to Makkah and soars above the Ka`bah as a farewell to it, then it dies after flying a few miles away. Is this true or not? Appreciate your guidance.

Answer: There is nothing special about the pigeons of Al-Madeenah or that of Makkah. They are not different from any other pigeons, except in the fact that it is impermissible to hunt or disturb them when one is in Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) so long as a person is within the Haraam (sanctuary) of Makkah or that of Al-Madeenah… read more here.

Comparison between celebrating the Mawlid and performing Da`wah programs for weeks and the National Day

Question: I am an Imam in one of the Masjids (mosques) in Jeddah. I delivered a Khutbah (sermon) concerning the mission of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and I mentioned that celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). The following week, the Khutbah was about the Masjids (mosques). I talked about maintaining Masjids and carpeting them. I based my argument and viewpoint upon the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah. After finishing the prayer, one of the worshippers came and said to me: “Shaykh, you said last week that celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is a Bid`ah. Can I ask you a question?”I said: “Yes, you can. I will answer your question to the best of my knowledge.” He said: “What is the legal ruling on celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him), children’ birthdays, Mother’s Day, the Week of the Tree, the Week of the Traffic, the National Day of the Kingdom and the Week of the Masjids? Are all these festivals Bid`ahs? Why do you oppose celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) though he is the best out of all the creatures and he is the worthiest of glorification and veneration, and at the same time permit other celebrations? Moreover, you, Saudis, encourage these festivals.”

I pointed out to him that what is meant by the Week of Masjids is to urge Muslims to maintain and take care of them. He said to me: “Look at the streets, you will find Ayahs of the Qur’an written on paper and clothes torn by wind thrown in streets and in unclean places. Is that permissible, especially in the Week of Masjids?” He gave me a piece of cloth and said: “Look Shaykh at this piece of cloth wherein is the saying of Allaah: The Mosques of Allaah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allaah and the Last Day This piece of cloth is thrown in the garden and upon which rubbish is thrown. To Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return.” These are the words of this person. I took this piece of cloth and washed it, and then I burnt it.

He added: “Shaykh, I do not want anything, but to make you; Khutabaa (preachers) and those whose words reach people talk. But you Saudi Khutabaa do not talk. If the government says that this is unlawful, you will say that it is unlawful, and if it says that this is lawful, you will say that it is lawful. You are the first one to tell me that this is good and doing so encourages Muslims to do good. I will not accept your saying except with a legal Fatwaa from senior scholars. You should not forget, Shaykh, that he who is silent with regard to spreading the truth is similar to a mute devil.”

Therefore, I would like to have a detailed legal Fatwa with regard to the festivals mentioned above along with mentioning the proof for every subject. May Allaah protect you.

Answer: Firstly, `Eed (festival) means in Arabic gatherings that Ta’ood (comes again) on a habitual manner. It may come again in a year, a month, or a week. Therefore, the word ‘Eed means a day that comes again like `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) or Friday, the gathering on that day and the acts done as acts of worship or habits on that day… read more here.

Celebrating Mother’s Day

Question: On which day do Muslims celebrate Mother’s Day and is it true that it was a special day for Faatimah Al-Zahraa’, the Prophet’s daughter (may Allaah be pleased with her)?

Answer: It is not permissible to celebrate what is called “Mother’s Day” or any other innovated celebration, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Holding celebrations and reciting the Qur’aan upon one’s reaching maturity

Question: Here in South Africa, when a boy or girl reaches twenty-one years of age, people celebrate, recite Qur’aan and cook various dishes of food. They also gather and give the twenty-one- year old boy or girl a key. Are these acts permissible in Islaam? What is the ruling on such acts in Islaam?

Answer: What you have mentioned including celebrating and reciting Qur’aan upon reaching twenty-one or twenty-two years old has no basis in Sharee`ah, rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) and imitation of the Christians (in your country)… read more here.

Impermissibility of celebrating birthdays

Question: My son is now living with his mother who celebrates his birthday every year. This involves having a party that includes food and lighting a number of candles equal to the age of my son; every candle representing a year of his life. The child has to blow all these candles and then the party starts. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: It is not permissible to have a birthday party for anyone, as it constitutes a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Celebrating children’s birthdays

Question: Some of our Muslim brethren hold birthday parties for themselves and their children, what is the ruling on such festivals?

Answer: The basic principle regarding acts of `Ibaadah (worship) is that they are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion), and accordingly, no one is allowed to worship Allaah in a way other than which He ordained, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth… read more here.

Celebrating the Mawlid and the 15th of Sha`baan

Question: Is it permissible to celebrate religious ‘Eeds (festivals), such as the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) or the 15th night of Sha‘baan, as the case may be?

Answer: (a) It is not permissible to celebrate innovated ‘Eeds… read more here.

Slaughtering at certain times as an act of the Sunnah

Question: What is the ruling on sacrificing an animal at a specific date and time every year? Many people believe that slaughtering on the 27th of Rajab, 6th of Safar, 15th of Shawwaal, and 10th of Muharram is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship) and Qurbah (a good deed by which Allaah’s Pleasure is sought). Are these acts valid? Are they acts of Sunnah or Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that contradict Islaam and anyone who does them will not be rewarded in return?

Answer: All acts of ‘Ibaadah and Qurbah that draw a Muslim close to Allaah are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion)… read more here.

Kind treatment toward family on the Day of `Ashooraa’

Question: On the 10th of Muharram, some people prepare a lot of food for their families and Khutabaa’ (preachers) constantly clarify the religious and worldly virtues of this day. What is the ruling on this? Some people also say that from experience preparing a lot of food on this day leads to blessing in their money.

Answer: What is valid is to fast during the 10th of Muharram, together with the 9th or 11th. If a Khateeb (preacher) or a tutor encourages people to do this and clarifies the virtue of it (the day), this is definitely good… read more here.

Giving charity on the Mid-Sha`baan night

Question: My father, when he was alive, instructed me to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) as much as I can on the eve of the 15th of Sha‘baan every year. I carried out his will up to now, but some people reproach me for this act. Is Sadaqah given on the eve of 15th of Sha‘baan permissible according to my father’s will or not? Please enlighten us, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: Specifying this Sadaqah for the day of mid-Sha‘baan every year is an impermissible act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), even if this is the will of your father… read more here.

The night “Therein is decreed every matter of ordainments” and the ruling on spending the Mid-Sha`baan night in offering optional night Salaah

Question: My question is about the 15th night of Sha`baan. Does the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) in Soorah Al-Dukhaan, saying: Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments. Refer to the 15th night of Sha`baan, or Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree), the 27th night of Ramadaan? Is it Mustahab (desirable) during this night to offer worship, engage in Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), Qiyaam-ul-Layl (optional Night Prayer), recite Qur’aan, and fast the 14th of Sha`baan?

Answer: Firstly, the authentic explanation reported about the night in the Aayah referred to is that it is Laylat-ul-Qadr, not the night of mid-Sha`baan… read more here.

The Imaam supplicating to Allaah after the obligatory Salaah while the people are gathered

Question: Is it permissible for the Imaam to perform Du`aa’ (supplication to Allaah) after performing the prescribed prayer while all the people are still present?

Answer: Acts of worship are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Therefore, it is not legally permitted to say that this act of worship is permissible with regard to its origin, number, manner or place without legal evidence for saying so… read more here.

Reciting Soorah Yaa-Seen and Mawlid poems on the eve of the seventeenth of Ramadaan

Question: They also gather in Masjids (mosques) on the eve of the 17th of Ramadaan to recite Soorah Yaa-Seen and the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) poems. Is this permissible?

Answer: The answer to this question is the same as that to the first one. Based on the evidence mentioned above, these practices are prohibited… read more here.

Reciting Soorah Yaa-Seen and Mawlid poems on the Mid – Sha`baan night

Question: In some Masjids (mosques), people gather on the eve of the 15th of Sha‘baan to recite Soorah Yaa-Seen three times and the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birth) poems.

Answer: This is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It was authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that is not part of it will have it rejected. He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in another Hadeeth… read more here.

Excellence of the night of mid – Sha‘baan

Question: Some scholars say that many Ahaadeeth were narrated about the merit of spending the eve of mid – Sha‘baan in Salaah (Prayer) and its day in Sawm (Fast). Are these Saheeh (authentic) Ahaadeeth or not? If there are Saheeh Ahaadeeth, please explain them to us in detail. If not, please advise. May Allaah reward you with good.

Answer: Many Saheeh Ahaadeeth were narrated about the merit of Sawm in Sha‘baan, but without specifying a certain day. For example, there is a Hadeeth in the Two Sahih Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) which states that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said… read more here.

Preparing food on the eve of the Mi`raaj Night and the night of Al-Qadr and sending it to the Imaam to supplicate to Allaah on it

Question: Is it permissible to prepare food and meat during Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) and the Night of Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven) to be sent to the Masjid (mosque) so that the Imaam could make Du`aa’ (supplication) upon it hoping that the reward may reach the dead as is the custom?

Answer: It is not permissible to specify a certain event such as Laylat-ul-Qadr and the Night of Mi`raaj for preparing the food to be sent to the Masjid so that the Imaam could make Du`aa’ upon it hoping that the reward may reach the dead. This is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) that should be abandoned… read more here.

Celebrating on the twenty-seventh (27th) night of Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on celebrating the twenty-seventh night of Ramadaan in particular?

Answer: Celebrating the twenty-seventh night of Ramadaan in particular is a Bid`ah. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. (Related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating on the twenty-seventh (27th) night of Ramadaan

Question: Is it permissible to distribute the food offered in fulfillment of a vow made for Awliya’ (pious people) and righteous people? And is it permissible to make this a celebration, and is it permissible to raise flags during such celebrations?

Answer: The best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the worst practice is the introduction of new practices in Islaam. The practice of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) during Ramadaan was to offer many acts of worship like Salaah (Prayer), recitation of the Qur’aan, Sadaqah (voluntary charity), and to perform other good deeds… read more here.

Distributing food offered as vows to Awliya’

Question: Is it permissible to distribute the food offered in fulfillment of a vow made for Awliya’ (pious people) and righteous people? And is it permissible to make this a celebration, and is it permissible to raise flags during such celebrations?

Answer: First: Making a vow is an act of worship as Allaah praises whoever fulfills it, and He (Exalted be He) promises its doer with good reward. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: They (are those who) fulfil (their) vows He also says… read more here.

The Wahidiyyah prayers and the like

Question: “To our honorable master, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) we recite Soorah Al-Faatihah.” (Seven times)

“To the honorable source of succor of this time, his helpers, and all the Awliya’ (pious people) of Allaah (may Allaah be pleased with them all), we recite Soorah Al-Faatihah.” (Seven times)

“O Allaah! O One! O Only! O Waajid (One that gives existence to others)! O Generous! Send blessings and peace upon our master, Muhammad, and upon the family of our master Muhammad, in every glimpse of an eye and breath, in the number equal to his information, abundant grace, and assistance.” (One hundred times)

“O Allaah! In as much as befits You, send peace and blessings upon our master, lord, intercessor, beloved, and delight of our eyes, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as much as befits him. O Allaah! We ask You through his right to immerse us in the ocean of Al-Wahdah (a deviant Sufi concept of uniting with or joining with Allaah), so we cannot see, hear, be, live, move, or be at peace, except through it, and bestow on us Your Perfect Forgiveness, O Allaah! Your Perfect Bounty, O Allaah! Your Perfect Knowledge, O Allaah! Your Perfect Love, O Allaah! Your Perfect Satisfaction, O Allaah! Send peace and blessings upon him, his family, and Sahaabah (Companions) as much as is surrounded by Your Knowledge and as is enumerated in Your Book by Your Mercy. O Most Merciful! Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds.”

“O intercessor of the creation! May peace and blessings
be upon you, O Light of creation, guide of humankind,
and its origin and spirit! Save me!
I have always been unjust; educate me,
as I have none, O Master, but you.
If you wish, I would be ruined.
O my master, O Messenger of Allaah!
O source of succor! The Peace of Allaah
be upon you. Educate me, with the Permission of Allaah.
Look upon me, O master, with the look
to lead me to the Supreme Presence.
O intercessor of the creation, the Beloved of Allaah!
May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon you!
I have gone astray and have no expediency in my country;
take my hand, O master, and the Ummah (nation of one creed)’s.
O my master! O Messenger of Allaah! (Seven times)
O our Lord! O Allaah! Send blessings and peace
upon Muhammad, the intercessor for all nations,
and upon his family and make humankind hasten
to acknowledge the Oneness for the Lord of the worlds.
O our Lord! Pardon us, make things easy for us, grant us victory and guide us
bring us close, and reconcile us!”

“O Allaah! Bless what You have created, this country, O Allaah, and this diligence, O Allaah!” (Seven times)

“O Allaah! Through the right of Your Greatest Name, through the honor of our master Muhammad (peace be upon him) and through the blessing of the source of succor of this time, his helpers, and all other Awliya’, O Allaah! O Allaah! O Allaah!” (may Allaah be pleased with them all). (Three times)

“Convey our call to the whole world and make it deeply effective.” (Three times)

“You are Omnipotent over all things and is Capable of answering.” (Three times)
“So flee to Allaah (from His Torment to His Mercy – Islaamic Monotheism)!” (Seven times)

“And say: ‘Truth (i.e. Islaamic Monotheism or this Qur’aan or Jihaad against polytheists) has come and Baatil (falsehood, i.e. Satan or polytheism) has vanished. Surely Baatil is ever bound to vanish.'” (Three times)
Al-Faatihah

Those were the Wahidiyyah prayers that are used to enlighten and purify hearts and to gain better knowledge of Allaah (may He Glorified and Exalted) and His Messenger (peace be upon him).

The manner of performing the Wahidiyyah prayers:

First: Make a sincere intention to perform it for the Sake of Allaah (Exalted be He) and none others. When performing them do so with the greatest care and effort as if you are actually in the Presence of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and observe both outward and inward etiquette, reverence, honoring, glorification, and pure deep love.

Second:
When performing these Wahidiyyah prayers for the first time, say them the number of times indicated above or more during a sitting every day and night, during your free time in the morning, evening, or other times, for 40 days. The period may be shortened to 7 days if the number of times mentioned is multiplied by ten; so 7 times becomes 70 times, a 100 times becomes 1,000 times, and 3 times becomes 30 times. If a session is missed, this should be made up for. After the 7 or 40 days are over, this should be observed on a regular daily basis in your spare time and it is better if it can be said more than the number of times mentioned above, as they are the minimum. The number you perform should be within your ability. Those who perform this in their spare time on a regular daily basis may decrease or increase the total number of times of some or all the supplications. Beginners and others are encouraged to perform them in congregation as this is better. Women who are menstruating or in their postpartum period should not recite Al-Faatihah or the other Qur’aanic Aayaat (verses), while performing this; the intention will suffice.

Third:
If someone cannot perfect or recite all these prayers,they should recite as much as they can, repeating them in order to reach the total number of times, and to achieve the approximate time of about 30 minutes or until the other people in the congregation finish, if they are being performed in congregation. Otherwise you may content yourself with repeating: “O my Master! O Messenger of Allaah!” for the above mentioned period of time. Anyone who cannot perfect this or is not able to even recite a part of this, may use the time with the greatest care and effort to repeat the phrases or spend this time as if they are actually in the Presence of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), observing both outward and inward etiquette, reverence, honoring, glorification, and pure deep love. Important note: Those who perform the Wahidiyyah prayer are strongly recommended to exert serious attention and their best efforts and energy to train their hearts to be, in all circumstances, times, and places, perpetually for Allaah and by Allaah, for His Messenger and by His Messenger, and for the source of succor and by the source of succor, giving each their due right and giving priority according to importance then benefit. This means that you should never be heedless of them. What is meant by the phrase “for Allaah,” is that you should intend that all outward and inward actions are in accordance with the Shareeah (Islaamic law), i.e. Pleasing to Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him), whether they are Waajib (obligatory), Sunnah (commendable), or Mubah (permissible), and thatIbaadah (worship) should be performed with the intention that it is performed for Allaah (Exalted be He) and no other, not even for yourself. Allaah (Exalted be He) said: And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). He also said, And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him) In the same regard, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, Actions are but by intentions. The Shareeah obligates performing deeds for the Sake of Allaah (Exalted be He). What is meant by "by Allaah" is that outward and inward actions should be witnessed as being done due to the Might and Power of Allaah, i.e. According to: "There is neither might nor power except with Allaah!" Allaah (Exalted be He) said, "While Allaah has created you and what you make!" Allaah also said, And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills - the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists). The truth witnesses that all deeds are by Allaah, therefore, if anyone claims that they have the power to perform their own deeds, they will have committed Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) associating themselves with Allaah, the Self-Subsisting. The phrase "for the Messenger" means having an intention equal to the one mentioned related to "for Allaah," which means that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is to be followed. In other words, the intention behind deeds should always be in accordance with the Shareeah, sins should not be performed with the intention to perform `Ibaadah for Allaah (Exalted be He) and his Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Allaah (Exalted be He) said, We sent no Messenger, but to be obeyed by Allaah’s Leave.

The phrase “by the Messenger” means witnessing that actions are intended to please Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and that apparent and hidden bounties of this world or the Afterlife come from the teachings and intercession of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Allaah (Exalted be He) said, …and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it.And He is the origin of all that exists and all links between a Servant, their Lord, and the one sent as mercy for mankind. Allaah (Exalted be He) said, And We have sent you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): not but as mercy for the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).

The phrase “for Allaah and by Allaah, for His Messenger and by His Messenger” is the prerequisite of the Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith), i.e. “I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.” The phrase “giving each their due right” means fulfilling the rights that are between us and Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), His Messenger (peace be upon him), and all other people and creatures, whether they are Waajib, Sunnah, or Mubah. “Giving priority according to importance then benefit” means that the priority of fulfilling rights that cannot be given on an equal basis is to be given to the one that is most important. However, if the rights are equally important, the one that is most beneficial is to be given the priority; with the most important benefit being according to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and for all people and creatures, regardless of whether it is a religious, worldly, or Afterlife benefit.

Answer: What are called the Wahidiyyah prayers along with things that have been mentioned include lies, a great deal of Bid`ah (innovations in religion), Shirk, and exceeding proper limits in regard to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Participating in the Mi`raaj Night celebration

Question: Is it permissible to participate in celebrations of Al-Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven)?

Answer: It is not permissible to celebrate or participate in the celebrations of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birth day) or the event of Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven). This is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Some Bid`ah and evil acts on the Mawlid

Question: We are a group of people who memorize the Qur’aan; we meet every year on the day of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in the shrine of a Waliy (a pious person), where an annual celebration is held, in which children are circumcised and people offer Sadaqah (voluntary charity) to students, whether in the form of money or supplies. After the people go away, the students collect the money, each according to their standard and generosity, and hold an auction to sell the items given to them as Sadaqah. For instance, one of them asks the others, “What have you put in this piece of cloth?” They reply, “We have put health, wealth, obedience of children, etc.”

Thus, this old piece of cloth is sold for many times its original price. This money is used to buy animals to be sacrificed in the shrine. The students stay in the shrine for a week, reciting the Qur’aan many times every night,and offering Salaah inside the shrine, given that the shrine is inside the chamber, and the chamber is inside the graveyard. What is the ruling on such a deed? Is it a means to become closer to Allaah or is it groundless in Sharee`ah? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: First, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is our beloved Prophet; the most pre-eminent among the descendants of Adam; the last of prophets; the Messenger sent to all the people; and the first one to make Shafaa`ah (intercession) on the Day of Judgment. However, celebrating his Mawlid is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), as neither he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) nor the Rightly-Guided Caliphs or the rest of his Sahaabah (Companions) did it, although they were the people who knew his Sharee`ah the most, the believers who loved him most, and they were keen on following and honoring him… read more here.