Question: Does the word Asbaat (Descendants of Jacob) mentioned in the Qur’aan include Prophet Yoosuf’s (Joseph) brothers who threw him into the bottom of a well? If they were Prophets, how could their course of action with Yoosuf be justified? Or did they plot against him before they were chosen for prophethood?
Answer: Yoosuf (peace of Allaah be upon him) and his brothers are the sons of Ya`qoob (Jacob) – also known as Israel – (peace of Allaah be upon him). In the Qur’aan, the word “Al-Asbaat” refers to the grandchildren of Ya`qoob and his twelve sons, only of whom Yoosuf (peace be upon him) was a Prophet… read more here.